Biomedical Research Workforce by lkl36201

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									Biomedical Research Workforce


    Background Information
      September 7, 2007



                                1
                           Background Information


• Contents
  – NRSA Research Training Programs
  – NIH Career Development Programs
  – New NIH Extramural Principal Investigators
  – NIH Clinician Scientists and Human Subjects
    Research
  – Medical School Faculty




                                                    2
                          NRSA Research Training Programs

                   Ruth L. Kirschstein NRSA Stipend History

$60,000



$50,000

                                                                                 Post-doc
                                                                                 Stipend
$40,000                                                                          Levels




$30,000



$20,000
                                                                      Poverty Level for
                                                                      Family of 4
$10,000

                                         Pre-doc
                                         Stipend Level
    $0
     1975   1980   1985          1990                 1995    2000   2005                 2010
                                        Fiscal Year




                                                                                                 3
                                   NRSA Research Training Programs

           Pre-Doctoral and Post-Doctoral Positions on Kirschstein-NRSA
                Training Grants and Fellowships, Fiscal Years 1997-2006

                                  Pre-Doctoral   Post-Doctoral

                                                                                             18,000

                                                                                             16,000

                                                                                             14,000

                                                                                             12,000

                                                                                             10,000

                                                                                             8,000

                                                                                             6,000

                                                                                             4,000

                                                                                             2,000

                                                                                             0
    1997     1998   1999   2000       2001         2002          2003   2004   2005   2006




.                                                                                                     4
                                                        NIH Career Development Programs

                                  Distribution of Number of NIH K Awards by Activity, Fiscal Years 1997-2006
        4,500
                                                                                                                                       K25

        4,000
                                                                                                                                       K22

        3,500
                                                                                                                                       K12
        3,000

                                                                                                                                       K07
        2,500

        2,000                                                                                                                          K24


        1,500                                                                                                                          K02

        1,000
                                                                                                                                       K23

          500
                                                                                                                                       K01
            0
                  1997        1998        1999        2000       2001        2002        2003        2004        2005       2006
                                                                                                                                       K08




Activities sorted by number of awards in FY 2000. Competing applications for K04, K11, K14, K15, K16, K17, K20 and K21 were discontinued in FY 5
1995.
                                NIH Career Development Programs

         Number of NIH Entry Level Career Development Awards (FY 1997 - 2006)


1400
                                      K08        K01          K23

1200


1000


800


600


400


200


  0
       1997    1998    1999    2000    2001            2002         2003   2004   2005   2006
                                            Fiscal Year




                                                                                                6
                                                                          NIH Career Development Programs

                                                    K08 Awardees’ Eventual Application for, and Funding of NIH Major
                                                                                   Research Grants*, FY 1980 - 2006
                                             100%
    Percent of Initial Cohort with Outcome




                                                                                                                 Awarded K08; Applied,
                                             75%                                                                 Received Later Award




                                                                                                                 Awarded K08; Applied,
                                             50%
                                                                                                                 No Later Award




                                             25%                                                                 Awarded K08; Nothing
                                                                                                                 More




                                              0%
                                               19 0
                                               19 1
                                               19 2
                                               19 3
                                               19 4
                                               19 5
                                               19 6
                                               19 7
                                               19 8
                                               19 9
                                               19 0
                                               19 1
                                               19 2
                                               19 3
                                               19 4
                                               19 5
                                               19 6
                                               19 7
                                               19 8
                                               20 9
                                               20 0
                                               20 1
                                               20 2
                                               20 3
                                               20 4
                                               20 5
                                               20 6
                                                  07
                                                  8
                                                  8
                                                  8
                                                  8
                                                  8
                                                  8
                                                  8
                                                  8
                                                  8
                                                  8
                                                  9
                                                  9
                                                  9
                                                  9
                                                  9
                                                  9
                                                  9
                                                  9
                                                  9
                                                  9
                                                  0
                                                  0
                                                  0
                                                  0
                                                  0
                                                  0
                                                  0
                                               19




                                                                First Year of K08 Award     *Includes activity codes starting with R, P, M, K, S, U (except
                                                                                            UC6), G12, D42, DP1, and DP2. All Type 9’s are excluded.

Prepared by DIS Reporting                                                                                                                                     7
                                                                                      NIH Career Development Programs
                                                   K23 Awardees’ Eventual Application for, and Funding of NIH Major
                                                                                  Research Grants*, FY 1999 - 2007
                                            100%
   Percent of Initial Cohort with Outcome




                                            75%


                                                                                                                                        Got K23; Applied, Got Later Award



                                                                                                                                        Got K23; Applied, No Later Award
                                            50%


                                                                                                                                        Got K23; Nothing More




                                            25%




                                             0%
                                                      99



                                                              00



                                                                      01



                                                                              02



                                                                                      03



                                                                                              04



                                                                                                      05



                                                                                                              06



                                                                                                                      07
                                                   19



                                                           20



                                                                   20



                                                                           20



                                                                                   20



                                                                                           20



                                                                                                   20



                                                                                                           20



                                                                                                                   20




                                                                                                                       *Includes activity codes starting with R, P, M, K, S, U (except
                                                                           First Year of K23 Award                     UC6), G12, D42, DP1, and DP2. All Type 9’s are excluded.


PRESENTATION TITLE                                                                                                                                                                       8
                                                                                                   New Extramural Principal Investigators



                                                                  Age of First Time R01 Equivalent Awardees
                                                                                 FY 1980 - 2005
              45

              44                                                                                                                                                                                     44.2

              43
                                                                                                                                                                                                     42.3
              42
Average Age




                                                                                                                                                                                                     41.7
              41

              40

              39

              38
                                                                                                                                         MD-PhD               MD Only              PhD Only
              37

              36

              35
                 80

                        81

                               82

                                      83

                                             84

                                                    85

                                                           86

                                                                  87

                                                                         88

                                                                                89

                                                                                       90

                                                                                              91

                                                                                                     92

                                                                                                            93

                                                                                                                   94

                                                                                                                          95

                                                                                                                                 96

                                                                                                                                        97

                                                                                                                                               98

                                                                                                                                                      99

                                                                                                                                                             00

                                                                                                                                                                    01

                                                                                                                                                                           02

                                                                                                                                                                                  03

                                                                                                                                                                                         04

                                                                                                                                                                                                05
               19

                      19

                             19

                                    19

                                           19

                                                  19

                                                         19

                                                                19

                                                                       19

                                                                              19

                                                                                     19

                                                                                            19

                                                                                                   19

                                                                                                          19

                                                                                                                 19

                                                                                                                        19

                                                                                                                               19

                                                                                                                                      19

                                                                                                                                             19

                                                                                                                                                    19

                                                                                                                                                           20

                                                                                                                                                                  20

                                                                                                                                                                         20

                                                                                                                                                                                20

                                                                                                                                                                                       20

                                                                                                                                                                                              20
                                                                                                      Fiscal Year




                                                                                                                                                                                                            9
                                                                                                                   New Extramural Principal Investigators



                                                                Age of R01 Equivalent Principal Investigators
                                                                                  FY 2006
                                    1000

                                     900
Number of Principal Investigators




                                     800

                                     700

                                     600

                                     500

                                     400                                                       Average Age
                                                                                    First Time investigators                 42.4
                                     300                                             All Investigators                       50.8
                                     200

                                     100

                                       0
                                       24

                                            26

                                                 28

                                                      30

                                                           32

                                                                34
                                                                     36

                                                                          38

                                                                               40

                                                                                    42

                                                                                         44

                                                                                              46

                                                                                                    48

                                                                                                         50

                                                                                                              52

                                                                                                                   54

                                                                                                                        56

                                                                                                                             58

                                                                                                                                  60

                                                                                                                                       62

                                                                                                                                            64

                                                                                                                                                 66

                                                                                                                                                      68

                                                                                                                                                           70

                                                                                                                                                                72

                                                                                                                                                                     74

                                                                                                                                                                          76

                                                                                                                                                                               78
                                                                                                                                                                                    80

                                                                                                                                                                                         82

                                                                                                                                                                                              84

                                                                                                                                                                                                   86

                                                                                                                                                                                                        88

                                                                                                                                                                                                             90
                                                                                                         Age of Principal Investigator

                                                                                                   All Investigators          First Time Investigators




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  10
                                                                                                New Extramural Principal Investigators



                                   Age of R01 Equivalent Investigators, FY 2006

                   8%

                   7%
                                                                                                        Average Age
                   6%                                                                         First Time investigators                   42.4
                                                                                               All Investigators                         50.8
Percent of Total




                   5%

                   4%

                   3%

                   2%

                   1%

                   0%
                        24
                             26
                                  28
                                       30
                                            32
                                                 34
                                                      36
                                                           38
                                                                40
                                                                     42
                                                                          44
                                                                               46
                                                                                    48
                                                                                         50
                                                                                               52
                                                                                                    54
                                                                                                         56
                                                                                                               58
                                                                                                                    60
                                                                                                                         62
                                                                                                                              64
                                                                                                                                   66
                                                                                                                                        68
                                                                                                                                             70
                                                                                                                                                  72
                                                                                                                                                       74
                                                                                                                                                            76
                                                                                                                                                                 78
                                                                                                                                                                      80
                                                                                                                                                                           82
                                                                                                                                                                                84
                                                                                                                                                                                     86
                                                                                                                                                                                          88
                                                                                                                                                                                               90
                                                                                                         Age


                                                                           All Investigators                  First Time Investigators



                                                                                                                                                                                                    11
                                                          New Extramural Principal Investigators

                                                          Number of First Time Investigators by listed grant mechanism

2500

                                           NIRA                                                  FIRST                                       Check box


2000




1500




1000




500




  0
   62

          64

                 66

                        68

                               70

                                      72

                                              74

                                                     76

                                                            78

                                                                    80

                                                                           82

                                                                                  84

                                                                                         86

                                                                                                88

                                                                                                       90

                                                                                                               92

                                                                                                                        94

                                                                                                                               96

                                                                                                                                      98

                                                                                                                                             00

                                                                                                                                                    02

                                                                                                                                                           04

                                                                                                                                                                  06
 19

        19

               19

                      19

                             19

                                    19

                                            19

                                                   19

                                                          19

                                                                  19

                                                                         19

                                                                                19

                                                                                       19

                                                                                              19

                                                                                                     19

                                                                                                             19

                                                                                                                      19

                                                                                                                             19

                                                                                                                                    19

                                                                                                                                           20

                                                                                                                                                  20

                                                                                                                                                         20

                                                                                                                                                                20
                                                                                Fiscal Year

                                     R01           R23      R29          R03       R21         R15          Other R          P Aw ards       U Aw ards



                                                                                                                                                                       12
                                                          New Extramural Principal Investigators

                                   Total RPG, First time R01 Equivalents, Budget History

                          28,000                                                                                                                 15%
                                                    15%
                          26,000
                                                                                                                          13%         13%
                          24,000         13%                                                                     13%
                                                                                                                    12%
Number of Investigators




                          22,000                                                                                                12%
                          20,000       10%




                                                                                                                                                       Budget % Growth
                          18,000
                                                                                                                                                 10%
                                                          9%
                          16,000
                                                                         8%
                          14,000                                    8%
                                                     7%        7%                                      7%
                                                                                                            7%
                          12,000
                          10,000                                                   5%
                                                                                                  5%                            5%               5%
                           8,000
                                                                                             4%
                           6,000               3%
                                                                              3%
                           4,000                                                                                                            2%
                           2,000
                                                                                        0%
                              0                                                                                                                  0%
                                 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06
                               19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
                                                                              Fiscal Year


                                         Budget History                  Total RPG                 First time R01 E


                                                                                                                                                                         13
                                                                New Extramural Principal Investigators

                                                              Number of NIH First Time R01 Equivalent
                                                                     Awardees FY 1980-2006
                     2,000
                             1,859
                                                     1,809
                                  1,766                                1,741
                     1,800                                                                                                                             1,680
                                                             1,6581,629
                                                 1,612
                                      1,5721,607                            1,590                                                 1,561
                                                                                                                                       1,5961,580 1,574
                                                                                        1,539                                                               1,528
                     1,600                                                                                                   1,505
                                                                                             1,451    1,4251,399        1,453                                    1,441
                                                                                1,371                                                                                1,354
                                                                                                                1,336
                     1,400
Number of Awardees




                                                                                                 1,246

                     1,200

                     1,000

                      800

                      600

                      400
                                                               FIRST
                                                                                                                                Check box
                      200

                        0
                          80

                          81

                          82

                          83

                          84

                          85

                          86

                          87

                          88

                          89

                          90

                          91

                          92

                          93

                          94

                          95

                          96

                          97

                          98

                          99

                          00

                          01

                          02

                          03

                          04

                          05

                          06
                        19

                        19

                        19

                        19

                        19

                        19

                        19

                        19

                        19

                        19

                        19

                        19

                        19

                        19

                        19

                        19

                        19

                        19

                        19

                        19

                        20

                        20

                        20

                        20

                        20

                        20

                        20
                                                                                               Fiscal Year




                                                                                                                                                                             14
                                                 New Extramural Principal Investigators
                              NUMBER OF FIRST TIME AND ESTABLISHED INVESTIGATORS
                                     RECEIVING COMPETING R01-EQUIVALENT AWARDS
                   8,000                                                                                                       45%


                   7,000                                                                                                       40%




                                                                                                                                     Percent of Grants to New Investigators
                                                                                                                               35%
                   6,000

                                                                                                                               30%
Number of Grants




                   5,000
                                                                                                                               25%
                   4,000
                                                                                                                               20%
                   3,000
                                                                                                                               15%

                   2,000
                                                                                                                               10%

                   1,000                                                                                                       5%

                      0                                                                                                        0%
                           1962   1966   1970    1974   1978     1982     1986         1990   1994     1998      2002   2006
                                                                   Fiscal Year FIRST
                                          NIRA                 First Time Investigators              Check box
                                                               Established Investigators
                                                               Percent First Time



                                                                                                                                                                              15
                           New Extramural Principal Investigators
          Number of First Time R01 Equivalent Investigators by Degree
                             Fiscal Years 1980-2006
2,000

1,800

1,600

1,400

1,200

1,000

 800

 600

 400

 200

   0
    80


          82


                84


                      86


                            88


                                   90


                                          92


                                                94


                                                      96


                                                              98


                                                                     00


                                                                           02


                                                                                 04


                                                                                       06
  19


         19


               19


                     19


                           19


                                  19


                                         19


                                               19


                                                     19


                                                             19


                                                                    20


                                                                          20


                                                                                20


                                                                                      20
                                 Total    MD        MD-PhD         PhD



                                                                                            16
                          New Extramural Principal Investigators
                           Success Rates of Competing R01 Equivalent Applications
                         First Time and Previously Funded (Experienced) Applicants
45%

40%

35%

30%

25%

20%

15%

10%

5%

0%
  80


        82


              84


                    86


                            88


                                  90


                                           92


                                                     94


                                                             96


                                                                   98


                                                                         00


                                                                               02


                                                                                     04


                                                                                           06
 19


       19


             19


                   19


                          19


                                 19


                                         19


                                                    19


                                                           19


                                                                  19


                                                                        20


                                                                              20


                                                                                    20


                                                                                          20
                                       First Time         Experienced




                                                                                                17
                           New Extramural Principal Investigators


                       Success Rate on RPG Applications by Degree of
                            Principal Investigator FY 1980 - 2006
               50%

               45%

               40%

               35%
Success Rate




               30%

               25%

               20%

               15%

               10%
                                                       MD-PhD   MD   PhD
               5%

               0%
                  80

                         81

                         82

                         83

                         84

                         85

                         86

                         87

                         88

                         89

                         90

                         91

                         92

                         93

                         94

                         95

                         96

                         97

                         98

                         99

                         00

                         01

                         02

                         03

                         04

                         05

                         06
                19

                       19

                       19

                       19

                       19

                       19

                       19

                       19

                       19

                       19

                       19

                       19

                       19

                       19

                       19

                       19

                       19

                       19

                       19

                       19

                       20

                       20

                       20

                       20

                       20

                       20

                       20
                                         Fiscal Year




                                                                           18
       New Extramural Principal Investigators

  SUCCESS RATES OF RPG APPLICATIONS BY DEGREE OF PRINCIPAL
                       INVESTIGATOR

                             Fiscal Years 1980 - 2006

     Fiscal Year         Total     MD-PhD        MD     PhD     Other

         1980            32.7%      47.4%       37.8%   39.1%   16.9%
         1981            30.7%      42.7%       37.6%   35.9%   13.6%
         1982            29.2%      37.3%       33.8%   33.5%   11.6%
         1983            31.3%      36.5%       34.8%   35.6%   11.3%
         1984            32.0%      39.3%       36.8%   34.7%   12.2%
         1985            33.1%      39.5%       32.0%   33.3%   24.8%
         1986            32.5%      38.3%       31.7%   32.6%   25.3%
         1987            35.7%      41.5%       34.8%   36.0%   25.3%
         1988            31.9%      35.8%       30.7%   32.3%   26.3%
         1989            28.4%      34.0%       28.4%   28.3%   20.9%
         1990            24.5%      29.3%       24.6%   24.2%   18.6%
         1991            28.6%      32.1%       28.6%   28.7%   20.0%
         1992            29.4%      33.2%       30.0%   29.5%   11.9%
         1993            23.5%      26.0%       23.6%   23.9%   9.2%
         1994            25.4%      28.1%       24.8%   26.2%   9.2%
         1995            26.8%      29.7%       25.4%   26.9%   17.8%
         1996            27.9%      29.7%       27.2%   28.0%   22.2%
         1997            30.5%      32.0%       31.9%   30.0%   24.8%
         1998            31.1%      33.2%       32.2%   30.6%   23.3%
         1999            32.4%      32.9%       35.4%   31.7%   18.1%
         2000            31.5%      32.5%       32.1%   31.3%   23.5%
         2001            32.1%      33.7%       33.0%   31.7%   23.1%
         2002            31.2%      30.9%       33.7%   30.7%   27.0%
         2003            29.9%      29.8%       32.0%   29.6%   17.7%
         2004            24.6%      25.0%       26.2%   24.2%   16.7%
         2005            22.3%      21.8%       24.4%   21.9%   18.9%
         2006            20.0%      18.5%       21.9%   19.9%   14.9%

Report Date: 8/22/2007
Analyst: B. Moore




                                                                        19
                                   New Extramural Principal Investigators

            SUCCESS AND FUNDING RATES OF FIRST TIME AND PREVIOUSLY FUNDED APPLICANTS
                      Fiscal Years 1980 - 2006

                         Potential First Time Awardee                                 Experienced (Previously Funded) Applicants

                                Success                     Funding                    Success                                       Funding
FY                    Awarded           Applicants Awardees                    Awarded                      Applicants   Awardees
       Applications               rate                       Rate Applications           rate                                         Rate


                                                     R01 Equivalent (R01, R23, R29, R37)
1980         8,515      1,903     22.3%      7,949         1,859   23.4%      7,404        3,240    43.8%        6,093       2,992     49.1%
1981         8,694      1,818     20.9%      8,097         1,766   21.8%      8,739        3,482    39.8%        7,100       3,253     45.8%
1982         8,106      1,598     19.7%      7,523         1,572   20.9%      9,937        3,628    36.5%        7,868       3,361     42.7%
1983         7,568      1,650     21.8%      6,948         1,607   23.1%      9,776        3,777    38.6%        7,797       3,498     44.9%
1984         7,440      1,637     22.0%      6,870         1,612   23.5%      9,934        3,887    39.1%        8,085       3,627     44.9%
1985         7,784      1,845     23.7%      7,013         1,809   25.8%     11,138        4,341    39.0%        8,917       4,021     45.1%
1986         7,305      1,683     23.0%      6,661         1,658   24.9%     11,302        4,328    38.3%        9,105       4,004     44.0%
1987         7,077      1,657     23.4%      6,388         1,629   25.5%     11,151        4,744    42.5%        9,066       4,364     48.1%
1988         7,774      1,780     22.9%      7,083         1,741   24.6%     11,565        4,329    37.4%        9,404       3,989     42.4%
1989         7,752      1,621     20.9%      7,068         1,590   22.5%     11,629        3,782    32.5%        9,430       3,547     37.6%
1990         7,838      1,394     17.8%      7,201         1,371   19.0%     11,997        3,371    28.1%        9,685       3,146     32.5%
1991         7,279      1,560     21.4%      6,652         1,539   23.1%     11,902        3,932    33.0%        9,653       3,679     38.1%
1992         7,200      1,473     20.5%      6,625         1,451   21.9%     12,602        4,262    33.8%       10,247       3,988     38.9%
1993         8,124      1,269     15.6%      7,408         1,246   16.8%     13,465        3,690    27.4%       10,831       3,458     31.9%
1994         8,832      1,453     16.5%      7,932         1,425   18.0%     14,337        4,269    29.8%       11,180       3,931     35.2%
1995         7,968      1,420     17.8%      7,217         1,399   19.4%     14,712        4,514    30.7%       11,458       4,173     36.4%
1996         7,017      1,356     19.3%      6,395         1,336   20.9%     14,043        4,419    31.5%       11,171       4,102     36.7%
1997         6,967      1,484     21.3%      6,313         1,453   23.0%     13,654        4,751    34.8%       10,862       4,413     40.6%
1998         6,817      1,545     22.7%      6,161         1,505   24.4%     13,666        4,782    35.0%       10,978       4,400     40.1%
1999         7,333      1,596     21.8%      6,592         1,561   23.7%     14,802        5,515    37.3%       11,834       5,063     42.8%
2000         7,479      1,642     22.0%      6,741         1,596   23.7%     14,750        5,466    37.1%       11,719       4,998     42.6%
2001         7,494      1,629     21.7%      6,691         1,580   23.6%     14,545        5,361    36.9%       11,625       4,975     42.8%
2002         7,632      1,612     21.1%      6,862         1,574   22.9%     14,640        5,222    35.7%       11,673       4,815     41.2%
2003         8,377      1,720     20.5%      7,380         1,680   22.8%     16,325        5,730    35.1%       12,647       5,243     41.5%
2004         9,413      1,578     16.8%      8,147         1,528   18.8%     18,241        5,457    29.9%       13,863       4,999     36.1%
2005         9,365      1,475     15.8%      8,195         1,441   17.6%     19,175        5,014    26.1%       14,410       4,631     32.1%
2006         9,399      1,384     14.7%      8,180         1,354   16.6%     19,822        4,677    23.6%       14,766       4,350     29.5%




                                                                                                                                               20
                                                 Clinician Scientists And Human Subjects Research
                                                                    Number of NIH Research Grant Awards*
                                                    Designated as Human Subjects Research, FY 1980 - 2006
         Number of Awards ( in Thousands)




                                            30



                                            25



                                            20



                                            15



                                            10



                                             5



                                             0
                                                 1980   1982   1984   1986   1988   1990   1992   1994   1996      1998    2000        2002        2004        2006
                                                                                           Fiscal Year
                                                                                                                     *Includes activity codes starting with R, P, M, K,
                                                        Human Subjects Research      Non-Human Subjects Research     S, U (except UC6), G12, D42, DP1, and DP2. All
                                                                                                                     Type 9’s are excluded.

Prepared by DIS Reporting                                                                                                                                                 21
                                         Clinician Scientists And Human Subjects Research
                                         NIH Research Grant Award* Amounts Designated as Human
                                                                Subjects Research, FY 1980 - 2006
                                  $12



                                  $10
     Award Amount (in Billions)




                                   $8



                                   $6



                                   $4



                                   $2



                                   $0
                                    80
                                         81
                                              82
                                                    83
                                                         84
                                                              85
                                                                   86
                                                                        87
                                                                             88
                                                                                  89
                                                                                       90
                                                                                            91
                                                                                                 92
                                                                                                      93
                                                                                                           94
                                                                                                                95
                                                                                                                     96
                                                                                                                          97
                                                                                                                               98
                                                                                                                                    99
                                                                                                                                         00
                                                                                                                                               01
                                                                                                                                                     02
                                                                                                                                                           03
                                                                                                                                                                  04
                                                                                                                                                                        05
                                                                                                                                                                               06
                                   19
                                        19
                                             19
                                                  19
                                                       19
                                                            19
                                                                 19
                                                                      19
                                                                           19
                                                                                19
                                                                                     19
                                                                                          19
                                                                                               19
                                                                                                    19
                                                                                                         19
                                                                                                              19
                                                                                                                   19
                                                                                                                        19
                                                                                                                             19
                                                                                                                                  19
                                                                                                                                       20
                                                                                                                                            20
                                                                                                                                                  20
                                                                                                                                                         20
                                                                                                                                                               20
                                                                                                                                                                     20
                                                                                                                                                                            20
                                                  Human Subjects Award Amounts              Non-Human Subjects Award Amounts
                                                                                                    Fiscal Year                          *Includes activity codes starting with R, P, M,
                                                                                                                                         K, S, U (except UC6), G12, D42, DP1, and
                                                                                                                                         DP2. All Type 9’s are excluded.

Prepared by DIS Reporting                                                                                                                                                                  22
                       Clinician Scientists And Human Subjects Research
                         Number of NIH Research Grant* Awards Designated as Human
                             Subjects Research by Applicant’s Degree, FY 1980 - 2006



               9
   Thousands




               8

               7

               6

               5

               4

                   3

                   2
                                                                                           PhD
                   1

                   0                                                               MD
                                          19 0
                                         19 1
                                              8


                                        19 2
                                              8


                                       19 3
                                             8


                                           84
                                           19




                                            8



                                     19 5
                                    19 6
                                          8



                                   19 7




                                                                           MD-PhD
                                         8



                                  19 8
                                        8
                                      19




                                 19 9
                                       8


                                    90
                                      8



                                19 1
                               19 2
                                    9


                                  93
                                   9


                                 94
                                 19




                                95
                               96
                               97
                              19




                              98
                             19




                             99
                            19




                            00
                            19




                           01
                           19




                          02
                          19




                         03
                         20




                                                                    *Includes activity codes starting with R, P,
                        04
                        20




                       05
                       20




                      06
                      20
                     20


                                                                    M, K, S, U (except UC6), G12, D42, DP1,
                    20
                   20                                               and DP2. All Type 9’s are excluded.


Prepared by DIS Reporting                                                                                          23
                        Clinician Scientists And Human Subjects Research
                        Number of NIH Research Grant* Awards Designated as Non-Human
                                 Subjects Research by Applicant’s Degree, FY 1980 - 2006




               25
   Thousands




               20



               15



               10


                    5
                                                                                      PhD


                    0                                                          MD
                                          19 0
                                         19 1
                                              8



                                         19 2
                                             8


                                            83
                                            8



                                      19 4
                                           19




                                      19 5
                                           8



                                     19 6
                                          8


                                         87
                                          8




                                                                         MD-PhD
                                        19




                                    19 8
                                   19 9
                                       8



                                  19 0
                                       8


                                     91
                                      9
                                    19




                                19 2
                                19 3
                                    9


                                   94
                                   9


                                  95
                                 19




                                 96
                                97
                               98
                               19




                              99
                              19




                             00




                                                                          *Includes activity codes starting
                             19




                            01
                            19




                           02
                           19




                          03
                          20




                         04
                         20




                        05                                                with R, P, M, K, S, U (except
                        20




                       06
                       20
                      20
                     20
                    20                                                    UC6), G12, D42, DP1, and DP2.
                                                                          All Type 9’s are excluded.


Prepared by DIS Reporting                                                                                     24
                        Clinician Scientists And Human Subjects Research
                             Number of NIH R01-Equivalent Awards by Applicant’s
                                                          Degree, FY 1980 - 2006



               25
   Thousands




               20


               15


               10


                    5
                                                                            PhD


                    0                                                 MD
                               19 80
                               19 81
                              19 82
                             19 83
                             19 84
                                19




                            19 85




                                                                   MD-PhD
                            19 86
                           19 87
                          19 88
                          19 89
                         19 0
                        19 91
                       19 2
                             9



                       19 3
                      19 4
                           9



                     19 5
                           9



                    19 6
                          9



                    19 7
                         9



                   19 8
                        9



                  20 9
                        9



                 20 0
                       9



                 20 1
                      9



                20 2
                     0




                20 3
                     0




               20 4
                    0




               20 5
                   0



                 06
                  0
                  0



Prepared by DIS Reporting                                                          25
                                                 Clinician Scientists And Human Subjects Research
                                                       NIH COMPETING RPG* APPLICATIONS DESIGNATED AS HUMAN
                                                  SUBJECTS RESEARCH: TRENDS IN NUMBER, AWARDS AND SUCCESS
                                                                                         RATES, FY 1980 - 2006
                                           250                                                                                                                         45%


                                                                                                                                                                       40%
    Number of Applications (in Hundreds)




                                           200
                                                                                                                                                                       35%


                                                                                                                                                                       30%




                                                                                                                                                                              Success Rate
                                           150
                                                                                                                                                                       25%


                                                                                                                                                                       20%
                                           100
                                                                                                                                                                       15%


                                                                                                                                                                       10%
                                           50

                                                                                                                                                                       5%


                                            0                                                                                                                          0%
                                               80

                                               81

                                               82

                                               83

                                               84

                                               85

                                               86

                                               87

                                               88

                                               89

                                               90

                                               91

                                               92

                                               93

                                               94

                                               95

                                               96

                                               97

                                               98

                                               99

                                               00

                                               01

                                               02

                                               03

                                               04

                                               05

                                               06
                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            19

                                            20

                                            20

                                            20

                                            20

                                            20

                                            20

                                            20
                                                                                                 Fiscal Year

                                                                               Reviewed            Awarded            Success Rate


                                                   * RPG’s include R01, R23, R29, R37, DP1, P01, P42, PN1, R03, R15, R21, R22, R23, R33, R34, R35, R36, R37, R55, R56, UC1,
                                                   UC7, U01, and U19 mechanisms




Prepared by DIS Reporting                                                                                                                                                                    26
                                                    NIH COMPETING RPG* APPLICATIONS DESIGNATED AS NON-HUMAN
                                                   SUBJECTS RESEARCH: TRENDS IN NUMBER, AWARDS AND SUCCESS
                                                                                          RATES, FY 1980 - 2006

                                            250                                                                                                                    45%
     Number of Applications (in Hundreds)




                                                                                                                                                                   40%

                                            200
                                                                                                                                                                   35%


                                                                                                                                                                   30%




                                                                                                                                                                             Success Rate
                                            150
                                                                                                                                                                   25%


                                                                                                                                                                   20%
                                            100
                                                                                                                                                                   15%


                                                                                                                                                                   10%
                                            50

                                                                                                                                                                   5%


                                             0                                                                                                                     0%
                                                80

                                                81
                                                82
                                                83

                                                84
                                                85
                                                86

                                                87
                                                88
                                                89

                                                90
                                                91
                                                92

                                                93
                                                94
                                                95

                                                96
                                                97
                                                98

                                                99
                                                00
                                                01

                                                02
                                                03
                                                04

                                                05
                                                06
                                             19

                                             19
                                             19
                                             19

                                             19
                                             19
                                             19

                                             19
                                             19
                                             19

                                             19
                                             19
                                             19

                                             19
                                             19
                                             19

                                             19
                                             19
                                             19

                                             19
                                             20
                                             20

                                             20
                                             20
                                             20

                                             20
                                             20
                                                                                               Fiscal Year

                                                                              Reviewed            Awarded             Success Rate

                                                  * RPG’s include R01, R23, R29, R37, DP1, P01, P42, PN1, R03, R15, R21, R22, R23, R33, R34, R35, R36, R37, R55, R56, UC1,
                                                  UC7, U01, and U19 mechanisms




Prepared by DIS Reporting                                                                                                                                                                   27
                       Biomedical Graduate Students and Postdocs

             Age at Doctorate and Total Duration of Graduate Training in Biomedical Sciences
                          (NSF/NIH Survey of Doctorate Recipients 1980-2005)

      33.0            Age at doctorate                                                           9.0


      32.0            Median years since start of graduate                                       8.5
                      school

      31.0                                                                                       8.0


      30.0                                                                                       7.5




                                                                                                       Years
Age




      29.0                                                                                       7.0


      28.0                                                                                       6.5


      27.0                                                                                       6.0


      26.0                                                                                       5.5


      25.0                                                                                       5.0
               1980             1985                1990            1995   2000           2005
                                                        Academic Year




                                                                                                               28
                                                                  Medical School Faculty

                            Total and New Ph.D. Faculty 1970 to 2006 in U.S. Medical Schools
                                       Association of American Medical Colleges

         45,000                                                                                16
                                                Total Ph.D. Faculty
         40,000                                 New Ph.D. Faculty
                                                                                               14
                                                New as a Percent of Total Ph.D. Faculty
         35,000
                                                                                               12




                                                                                                    Percent New Faculty
         30,000
                                                                                               10
Number




         25,000
                                                                                               8
         20,000
                                                                                               6
         15,000

                                                                                               4
         10,000

          5,000                                                                                2


             0                                                                                 0
            19 0
            19 1
            19 2
            19 3
            19 4
            19 5
            19 6
            19 7
            19 8
            19 9
            19 0
            19 1
            19 2
            19 3
            19 4
            19 5
            19 6
            19 7
            19 8
            19 9
            19 0
            19 1
            19 2
            19 3
            19 4
            19 5
            19 6
            19 7
            19 8
            20 9
            20 0
            20 1
            20 2
            20 3
            20 4
            20 5
               06
               7
               7
               7
               7
               7
               7
               7
               7
               7
               7
               8
               8
               8
               8
               8
               8
               8
               8
               8
               8
               9
               9
               9
               9
               9
               9
               9
               9
               9
               9
               0
               0
               0
               0
               0
               0
            19




                                                               Year




                  Source: http://www.aamc.org/data/facultyroster/reports.htm

                                                                                                                          29
                                                                       Medical School Faculty

                   Medical School Faculty Members by Degree and Department Type
         120,000

                            MD-PhD in Clinical Dept
                            PhD in Clinical Dept
         100,000
                            MD in Clinical Dept
                            MD-PhD in Basic Sci Dept

          80,000            PhD in Basic Sci Dept
                            MD in Basic Sci Dept
Number




          60,000



          40,000



          20,000



              0
              81


                      83


                             85


                                    87


                                           89


                                                    91


                                                           93


                                                                  95


                                                                         97


                                                                                99


                                                                                       01


                                                                                              03


                                                                                                     05
            19


                    19


                           19


                                  19


                                         19


                                                  19


                                                         19


                                                                19


                                                                       19


                                                                              19


                                                                                     20


                                                                                            20


                                                                                                   20
         Source: http://www.aamc.org/data/facultyroster/reports.htm

                                                                                                          30
                                                                             Medical School Faculty

              Average Age at Time of First Assistant Professorship at US Medical
                    Schools AAMC Faculty Roster Data as of May 31, 2007
42
41               MD         PhD     MD/PhD
40
39
38
37
36
35                                      MD/PhD
34                                                                     MD
33
32
31         PhD

30
 70

       72

              74

                       76

                              78

                                    80

                                          82

                                                 84

                                                       86

                                                             88

                                                                   90

                                                                         92

                                                                               94

                                                                                     96

                                                                                           98

                                                                                                 00

                                                                                                       02

                                                                                                             04

                                                                                                                   06
19

      19

            19

                      19

                            19

                                   19

                                         19

                                               19

                                                      19

                                                            19

                                                                  19

                                                                        19

                                                                              19

                                                                                    19

                                                                                          19

                                                                                                20

                                                                                                      20

                                                                                                            20

                                                                                                                  20
            Source: http://www.aamc.org/data/facultyroster/reports.htm

                                                                                                                        31

								
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