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Nanjing Massacre

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					Nanjing Massacre
Nanjing Massacre
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Terminal body piles of Nanjing Shimonoseki (Murase Moriyasu (Murase Moriyasu,
the Nanjing Massacre participants) shooting)
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Nanjing Massacre refers to the Japanese invaders on December 13, 1937 after the fall
of Nanjing, China, in Nanjing city and the suburbs of the Chinese civilians and
prisoners of war as long as six weeks of mass killings, looting, rape and other war
crimes. According to the Chinese Scholars, the Nanjing massacre of Chinese people
died or were injured as high as 30 million more, the Japanese scholars have different
opinions, but some people are trying to deny the facts.
Detailed

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South Yuhuatai of a massacre of land. This is the membership after the massacre
corpses pillow case.
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December 13, 1937, Japanese troops occupied the city of Nanjing, in Central China
Area Army commander Iwane Matsui and 6 Division, head of the Gu Shoufu other
fascists under the command of Nanjing on the unarmed people for as long as 6 weeks
tragic mass killings.
After the Japanese occupation of Shanghai, Nanjing encroaching. Kuomintang and the
Japanese army in Nanjing repeated fighting outside, but could not stop the Japanese
were attacking. December 13, 1937, Nanjing in the midst of chaos in the Japanese
occupation. Iwane Matsui, the Japanese commander in the Central China Area Army
under the command of prostitution sweep in Nanjing burning doing everything.
December 15, the Japanese will be over 2,000 uniformed personnel in China, Xie
went to the door of Hanzhong, with machine gun fire, crematorium to cover his tracks.
With day and night, there are more than 9,000 people and soldiers, the Japanese
marched Navy torpedo business, in addition to nine people escaped, the rest were all
killed.
16 evening, the Chinese more than 5,000 soldiers and refugees, the Japanese marched
Zhongshan Pier River, the first shot with a machine gun, postmortem river, only a few
were spared.
17, Japanese soldiers and civilians from throughout the search and the Nanjing plant
to 3000 workers in the coal bank in Hong Kong first element door Riverside shot to
death with machine guns, some with wood to burn.
18, Nanjing, Japanese troops escaped from the prisoners detained at the foot of the
refugees and the Shogun soldiers captured 5.7 million people, to lead wire bundles,
straw sandals drive to Shimonoseki Strait, the first fire with machine guns, bayonets
disorder stamp reuse, and finally poured with kerosene, set fire to, the residual bones
into the Yangtze River. Heinous who is Japanese lieutenant Mukai and Noda under the
Purple Mountain, "to kill game." They killed 106 and 105
Chinese people, the "game they doing."
Japanese troops entered Nanjing in the month after, the entire City in 20 000 cases of
rape, gang rape incident, whether girl or woman, are spared. Many women were raped
and later shot dead, mutilating, appalling. At the same time, the Japanese case of
houses that burned the bridge from China to the inner door from the Victoria Road to
the Confucius Temple area Xinjiekou and prosperous region, fires were raging
everywhere, endless days. About one third of the city buildings and property to ashes.
Countless homes, stores, offices, warehouses have been looted. "After the
robbery Nanjing, everywhere desolation."
Later publication of the "Judgement of the International Tribunal for the
Far East," writes: "A group of Japanese soldiers as being
completely indulgent barbarians like to insult the city," they
"alone, or two, three for a small group of wandering in the city, the
implementation of murder , rape, robbery, arson ", until the streets are
lounging on the bodies of the victims. "Whom do red river water, both
inside and outside the city all the canals, ravines are all filled with dead
bodies."
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Heinous massacre scene

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According to February 1946 in Nanjing, China military check: Japanese mass
massacre of 28 cases, 19 million people, killing 858 scattered cases, 15 million people.
Japanese troops in Nanjing for as long as six weeks of the massacre, the Chinese
soldiers and civilians who were shot and buried alive up to 30 million.
Blood and tears of the Chinese nation through this catastrophe, China's
cultural treasures has been a big predatory. According to the investigation, the
Japanese aggressors occupied Nanjing, then, sent 330 agents, 367 soldiers, hard labor
830, from March 1938, the cost of one month, more than a dozen books and
documents daily removal trucks were robbed Books and 880,000, more than
Japan's largest library at Tokyo Ueno Imperial Library a collection of
850,000. Nanjing Massacre can be described as tragic Renhuan ages!
War Background

In 1937 Marco Polo Bridge Incident, Japan launched a comprehensive large-scale war
of aggression against China. July 17, the National Chiang Kai-shek forces in China
Lushan statement said: "If a war breaks open, that is to the north or south,
in young and old, no matter who, there are the responsibility of defending territory
and war." National up and down off the wave of popular resistance.
In the same year August 13 to November 12 in Shanghai and the surrounding areas
Battle of Shanghai. Early in the campaign, the Japanese in Shanghai Jiu Gong high,
but the Japanese to campaign flanking maneuver, 5 November in Hangzhou Bay
quangongting, landing between Jinshan Wei, the Chinese armed forces into the
Passing of the situation, the war situation nosedive; November 8 Chiang Kai-shek
ordered a full line of retreat; November 12 Shanghai fall, end Battle of Shanghai.
Battle of Shanghai after the Chinese army to rout the direction of Nanjing, the capital
of Nanjing in China was under direct threat from the Japanese. Since the withdrawal
from the Shanghai Organization of the great confusion, the Chinese army along the
way from Shanghai to Nanjing, unable to organize an effective resistance. Tang
Shengzhi advocate sticking to the Nanjing Chinese general, volunteered to command
Battle of Nanjing. November 20 announced that the National Government moved the
capital to Chongqing.
Battle of Shanghai after three months of fierce battle, the Japanese have lost hugely.
Japanese General Staff had planned to make Shanghai the Japanese "home
triumphantly," and there is no plan to attack Nanking. November 7, the
Japanese General Staff Headquarters to Shanghai Expeditionary Force and the 10th
Army command is: "the enemy raid near Shanghai, chasing the front as
Suzhou, Jiaxing east." However, in Japanese junior officers do not want to
let the matter rest on November 15 in the 10th Army Corps enlarged a resolution:
"the whole army dared arbitrary line, the direction of fully chase to
Nanjing." November 22, Iwane Matsui made more Tien Chun: "
In order to solve the incident as soon as possible, requested approval of the Nanjing
Military march and occupation of Nanjing. "1 December, the Japanese
occupation of Nanjing General Staff issued a formal order. After months of
continuous fighting the Japanese, then attack hundreds of kilometers west of Shanghai,
Nanjing, almost no logistical support. Japanese officer said: "forage
shortage is resolved on, Ammunition hit bayonet charge." In the west on
the way, the Japanese looting, killing of civilians, rape women, violence has already
begun.
Since the order was given, the guilt is gone, the military became a surprise attack to
snatch full of grain, livestock to satisfy hunger criminals. This place charge orders to
junior officers mad, not only to snatch food, and rape of women ... ... For the Chinese
people to resist by force of arms. (Sone Kazuo, "Nanjing Massacre Qinli
Ji")
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After the fall of Nanjing, first appeared in the American press in a photo on the
Holocaust
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December 4, Nanjing, Japanese troops outside approximation. 8, Japanese troops
occupied Nanjing, the external position, from the north, east, south and surrounded on
three sides of Nanjing, this time west of the Yangtze River, Nanjing garrison only one
escape route, however, Tang Sheng-chih to make "Last Stand"
attitude, focus on the one hand, ordered stick to complex profile position, on the other
hand ordered to destroy all of the Yangtze River Ferry, and to make Song Xilian 36
divisions to guard the city of Shimonoseki the only channel leading to Yi Jiangmen, is
strictly prohibited troops from here out. Since then, defenders and civilians in Nanjing
city were completely cut off an escape route. 10, the Japanese launched full-scale
assault, but failed to break through until the 12th of Nanjing city defense. 12 On the
evening of 7, Tang Shengzhi breakthrough suddenly ordered the withdrawal of their
reservations by motorboat to flee. Nanjing garrison collapse, most of the down off
retreat, with 36 teachers in the Yi Jiangmen heavy clashes, the final break gates fled
Shimonoseki. As the ferry had been destroyed, many of the refugees and the soldiers
were only trying to cross the river rely on wood, eventually drowning the river mostly
frozen. Others see no hope of crossing the river, back to the city. Many soldiers took
off his military uniform taken refuge in the Nanjing Safety Zone.
After killing

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December 13, 1937 "Tokyo daily news" reports of the killing
contest.
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Large-scale massacres
About 50,000 troops into the city, the implementation of discipline to maintain the
military police but only 17 of the Japanese in addition to small-scale, individually or
anywhere arbitrary killings of Nanjing residents but also the Chinese people,
especially military and police officers disarmed conducted several large-scale
"mass murder." Methods of mass murder machine-gunned,
collective buried alive and so very cruel means.
December 15 (the Japanese occupation of the first 3 days): China has laid down their
arms and more than 3,000 military and police personnel were outside the collective
solution to go to Hanzhong intense fire with machine guns, and more on the spot
death. Acquainted with the dead bodies of wounded were also compared with the
same subject to incineration. Night, taken to a camp of Chinese civilians and the
torpedo had been disarmed Chinese soldiers were Japanese troops massacred more
than 9,000. Also at the Pagoda Bridge massacre of three thousand people around.
Zhongshan North Road, killing a bomb shelter in the vicinity of 200.
December 16 (the Japanese occupation of the first 4 days): Overseas Chinese in the
Nanjing Safety Zone to avoid hostels in China more than 5,000 men and women
refugees in the Japanese group marched Zhongshan Pier, hands behind their backs,
arranged in rows. Japanese machine gun shot, the abandoned corpse in the Yangtze
River to mysterious murder. More than 5,000 people, only Baizeng Rong, Liang
Tingfang wounded two in the shot after the swim under water to the other side, free
from death. Japanese troops massacred more than 400 in Lane 4 people, killing 100
people in the yin and yang business.
December 17 (the Japanese occupation of the first 5 days): China has more than 3,000
civilians, the Japanese escorted river downstream of the collective Coal Harbour shot.
Temple in the release, Salesian School 400 Yu Zhongguo refugees asylum group shot.
December 18 (the Japanese occupation of the first 6 days) night, straw sandals
Shimonoseki Strait. Japanese detained prisoners escaped from the city of Nanjing in
China shogunate Hill a total of 57,418 refugees, young and old people, except a few
have been starved to death or killed, all tied with wire, straw sandals drive set to
Shimonoseki Strait, with a machine gun intensive fire, and lying in a pool of blood
were still capable of moaning struggling to chaos knifed Slaughter. All the dead
bodies after pouring kerosene incineration, to mysterious murder. The killing only one
person burned Wu Changde dead, to escape. Generous Lane refugees in the region
killed more than 4,000 Japanese people.
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Women were raped and then killed
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Race murder
December 13, 1937, "Tokyo daily news" (now
"Daily News") reported that two Japanese officers
"killing competition." Japanese 16th Division troops in the
island of two officers to lieutenant Toshiaki and Noda well its Executive
encouragement to each other similar to "race murder", agreed at
the time occupied Nanjing, the first to kill over 100 man-made winner. They Jurong
immediate concern from the Tangshan, Toshiaki Mukai and killed 89 people, Noda
killed 78 people, as are less than 100, "race" to continue. Dec.
10 at noon, two men met in the Purple Mountain, each knife has cut short a port. Noda
that killed 105 people, to the well that killed 106 people. Owing to determine not
exists as to kill 100 people in total, regardless of the outcome of the competition
decided to re-contest over who killed 150 Chinese. These atrocities have been
illustrated in a newspaper serial, known as the "Imperial Army's
hero." After Japan's surrender, the two war criminals end to the
war period, the common series of massacres of prisoners and staff of non-war
"actual human Maozei, enemies of civilization" to the charges
and executed in Nanjing.
Rape
During the Japanese occupation of Nanjing, thousands of women raped, their days
and nights in front of family members of victims of violent acts against women. Some
women were raped several times, the Japanese, often women can not stand the
Japanese tortured to death. In addition, the Japanese also forced incest. It was
estimated that probably occurred in more than 20,000 cases of rape.
Fighting forces

Participation in the Holocaust branched mainly by the Shanghai Expeditionary Force
10th Military Expeditionary Force constituted.
Central China Area Army - Commander: Army general Iwane Matsui
Shanghai Expeditionary Army - Commander: Lieutenant Asaka Yasuhiko Wang
Palace
3rd Division advance party - even the captain: Army Colonel Eagle Moritaka
9th Division - Division Head: Lieutenant General Yoshizumi Liangfu
16th Division - Division Head: Lieutenant General Nakajima Kesago
Yamada Detachment (part of 13th Division) - Head of foot soldiers, 103 of the
brigade: Army Major General Yamada Zhan 2
10 Jun - Commander: Army Lieutenant General Liu Chuanping help
Division 6 - Division Head: Lieutenant General Gu Shoufu
18th Division - Division Head: Lieutenant General Ushijima Sadao
114 Division - Division Head: Lieutenant General rule last Matsushige
Kunisaki Detachment (Division 5 of 9 Brigade soldiers on foot) - Captains: Army
Major General Kunisaki Teng
Evidence of Japanese crimes

Corpses Records
According to statistics, the world outside the Red Cross in Nanjing City, buried the
body with a total of 43,121, with 22,371 unidentified dead of Nanjing Red Cross, a
charity Chongshan Tang bury 112,267, charitable institutions and charities of more
than 7,000 were buried with, chickens and geese Lane mosque Wang Shouren the
"Islamic Association of Nanjing bury teams" on behalf of more
than 400 bodies buried in a Muslim. This five charitable organizations only bury the
bodies reached 18.5 thousand with. Another Chinese civilians Rui Fang Yuan, Zhang
Hongru organizations with more than 30 refugees, more than 7,000 bodies buried with;
Hunan wood sign business flourishing employee, bury the dead on the New River
area with the remains 28,730.
In addition, the Japanese puppet regime supported by the body have also been buried.
District office as the next pseudo-off Shimonoseki, Sanchahe area bury the body 3240;
First District Office of unidentified dead bodies in the southeastern city of 1,233 with;
Office of Nanjing Municipal Health Bureau ordered pseudo-January 1939, Chung
Shan Ling outside Valley Temple along with the remains of 3,000 buried in Spirit
Valley of the East Stand "orphan souls" Monument to the
records were buried after.
Before the fall of Nanjing, Japanese troops in Shanghai, Suzhou, Jiaxing, Hangzhou,
Shaoxing, Wuxi, Changzhou and other massacres of civilians. Some Japanese
historians have suspected the Chinese claim that the 300 000 killed civilians,
including a group actually killed outside Nanjing, east China population. Historians
believe that if the Chinese population in east China killed if included, the total could
reach 100 million.
According to Sun house Wei (Jiangsu Academy of Social Sciences researcher), happy
ancestors (Nanjing University) research suggests that the death of 30 million people.
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Koki Hirota Japanese Embassy in the induced power in the recognition of Japanese
soldiers in Nanjing and other places with the bloody means to "not less
than 30 million Chinese civilians were killed"
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Non-belligerent witnesses and evidence
* "Man of Nanking"
* "Diary of Minnie Vautrin"
* Japanese invaders in Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall, 222 pre-printed with
"historical witnesses footprint" of the copperplate Road. Road
length 40 meters, 1.6 meters wide.
* U.S. pastor Yuehanmaji 1937 1930, old-fashioned with a 16 mm camera, film
recorded so far the only images of the Nanjing Massacre, a total of four screening
length of 105 minutes of film footage (2001 Yuehanmaji son David Magee personally
donated it to the Japanese invaders in Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall). Yuehanmaji
letter at that time also a lot about the Holocaust Description: "unspeakable
acts of rape of women and the Imagination", "I can say is that
each of the city streets are dead, I went to a lot of places, including the Shimonoseki
area. "
* Nanking Safety Zone International Committee of the General Fee District witnessed
the atrocities committed by Japanese soldiers in Nanjing, the Rev. Magee shot records
smuggled into the Japanese atrocities in Shanghai Kodak film, produced and brought
to the United States throughout the show, and in the U.S. "
Reader's Digest "to expose the Japanese army's
atrocities in violation of international laws of war:" Japanese people from
our camp to arrest people, the hands have calluses and shaved head, all the evidence
as a soldier, that must be sentenced to death. They Who wants to shoot, put who pull
out. "
1930 UK "Manchester Review," China's Timperley
early 1938, the author of "outsiders witnessed the atrocities of Japanese
soldiers," a book first published to the world the full truth of the Nanjing
Massacre, denounced the Japanese created a "modern unprecedented in the
history of the brutal record. "
Nanking Safety Zone in 1937 appointed the Chairman of the International Committee
of the Chinese refugees relief John Rabe, a detailed record of the Japanese
army's atrocities: "December 14, Japanese soldiers looting, rape
and massacre and other terrorist activities to pressure the overwhelming come ... ...
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