Renaissance and Reformation
Test Study Guide
(write all answers in your notebooks on both left and right pages after the Reformation section)
1. Define Renaissance in your own words
2. Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy?
3. What was humanism?
4. Who were the Medicis and why were they famous?
5. Who were Desiderius Erasmus, Thomas more, and Francois Rabelais?
6. Who were Leonardo da Vinci? Michelangelo? Raphael? Donatello? What did each do?
7. How were Northern Renaissance artists and writers different from Italian artists and writers?
8. What does vernacular mean and why is it important?
9. What did Johann Gutenberg do?
10. What were the most important impacts of the printing press?
1. Who was Martin Luther? What were his objections to the Catholic church? What did he do about them? How
did the Catholic Church and the Holy Roman Emperor react to Luther? What was his lasting impact?
2. Why did some of the German princes support Luther (besides religion)?
3. How did the division in religion affect the Holy Roman Empire?
4. Who was Henry VIII? What did he want? What was the Reformation Parliament? The Act of Supremacy? What
happened to religion in England as a result? What happened after he died?
5. What did Elizabeth I do about religion in England?
6. Who was John Calvin and what were his major teachings?
7. Why did so many protestant religions arise?
8. Identify the following terms and names:
a. Edict of Worms
c. Peace of Augsburg
d. Act of Supremacy
e. Ignatius of Loyola
f. The Council of Trent
9. What were the lasting impacts of the Reformation?
Map of Europe- study the map of Europe in your notebook. You will need to label all of those same items on the test