Event and Venue Recycling

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					Event and Venue
• Types of event/venue                 •   Green Event Planning
  locations (6)                        •   NC Specific Case Studies
• Common Onsite                        •   Peer Case Studies
  Opportunities (4)                    •   Tour
• 9 Step ToolKit
  1.   Learn about recycling
  2.   Gain support
  3.   Indentify a Recycling Market
  4.   Implementation of collection
  5.   Logistics
  6.   Obtain collection containers
  7.   Implement collection strategy
  8.   Implement education campaign
  9.   Maintain support
        Outdoor Sports Stadiums
• Description
   – Fixed-seating outdoor
     stadiums and arenas
• Overall Recycling
   – Participatory
      • Recycling Bins
      • “Pass the Bag”
      • Merchandise/Incentives
   – Non Participatory
      • Pre-event or Post-event
      • Vendor recycling
             Indoor Sports Arenas
• Description
  • Indoor fixed-seat sports
    stadiums and arenas.
• Overall Recycling
   – Participatory
      • Recycling Bins
      • “Pass the Bag”
      • Merchandise/Incentives
   – Non Participatory
      • Pre-event or Post-event
      • Vendor recycling
         Outdoor Sporting Events
• Description
   – An outdoor sporting
     event with no fixed
• Overall Recycling
   – Recycling bins most
      • Events are short duration
        and volunteers don’t
        mind limited commitment
      • Usually held in city owned
        municipal space
                   Fixed Venues
• Description
   – Non-sporting, specific
     use venues
      • Examples- zoos,
        aquariums, amusement
        and water parks.
• Overall Recycling
   – Bin based recycling
   – Permanent
                          Civic Centers
• Description
   – Facilities that combine
     multiple facilities
      • Examples
            – Convention centers,
              public auditoriums

• Overall Recycling
   – Due to high turnover of
     vendors, approached can
       • Responsibility of facility
         management to set up
         effective standards for
        Special Events - Outdoors
• Description
   – Primarily outdoors
      • Examples
          – Fairgrounds, rodeos,
            concert pavilions

• Overall Recycling
   – Bin Based
      • Temporary
      • Participant responsible
        for initiating action
         Common On-Site Recycling
•   Pre-event Recycling
•   Vendor and Merchandiser Recycling
•   Club, Restaurant, Suite Recycling
•   Post-Event Pick Recycling
                 Pre-Event Recycling
Where                                Benefits and Challenges
  – Tailgaters                       • Benefits
        • Combination of recycling      – Recovers recyclables that
          bins and “picks”
                                          would become trash
  – Recycling bins at entrance of
                                        – Prepares audience for
                                          recycling inside event/venue
  – Corporate hospitality tents
                                        – Reduces litter on-site
                                     • Challenges
                                        – Logistics of bins filling rapidly
                                        – Discarded waste may have
                                          higher propensity for
        Vendor and Merchandiser
What they can do                 Benefits and Challenges
• Selling beverages only in      • Benefits
  recyclable containers             – Can approach 100 percent
• Hosting recycling bins for          recovery of beverage
  the type of recyclables sold
                                    – Vendors can become involved
  through vendors                     in recycling initiatives
• Employees wearing buttons      • Challenges
  advocating recycling              – Does not necessarily recover
• Researching green serving-          containers brought from
  ware options                        outside facility
                                    – Bins placed near food vendors
• Cardboard recycling
                                      risk contamination
        Club, Restaurant and Suite
Don’t forget-               Benefits and Challenges
• Most venues offer special      • Benefits
  areas where there is full           – Education can be provided to
  food and beverage service             another subset of the
  available                             attendees
   – Provide bins to these             – A significant number of
     customers                           recyclable materials are
                                         consumed in these locations
   – Use same approach as other
     areas of the venue                – Less contamination
   – Opportunities to pilot        • Challenges
     composting                        – Training of catering personnel
                                       – Space constraints
                                       – Aesthetics
             Post-Event Recycling
Where                           Benefits and Challenges
• Stands/Bleachers              • Benefits
• Parking Lot                      – Large amounts of trash and
                                     recycling where guest were
• Concourse                        – High levels of recovery at
          • Streets/Sidewalks        minimal cost
                                   – Hand picking ensures minimal
              • Park/Field           contamination
                                • Challenges
                                   – Guest is not actively involved in
                                   – Encourages laziness and littering
                                   – Staff training and equipment
     Steps to Recycling at Venues and
              Special Events
1.    Learn about recycling
2.    Gain support
3.    Indentify a Recycling Market
4.    Implementation of collection
5.    Logistics
6.    Obtain collection containers
7.    Implement collection strategy
8.    Implement education campaign
9.    Maintain support
               Overview of NC Laws

Current Bans:
   –   Plastic bottles (Oct 2009)
   –   Wood palettes (Oct 2009)
   –   Oil filters (Oct 2009)
   –   Discarded computer
       equipment (2011)
   –   Oil
   –   White goods (appliances)
   –   Anti-freeze
                                    —Oyster Shells
   –   Aluminum cans                —Tires
   –   Yard trash                   —Lead-Acid Batteries
                                    —ABC Beverage Containers
• Work with vendors and merchandisers
• Consider the products purchased and sold -
  focus on recyclables
• Reduce waste generation upfront
• Avoid polystyrene
• Purchase recycled content paper and tissue
• Buy in bulk verses individual serving sizes
               Gain Support
             Identify key stakeholders

Internal:                  External:
– Event Organizers         – Local government
– Management                 recycling coordinator
– Recycling program        – Vendors (food,
  organizer                  beverage, and products)
– Cleaning contractor      – Beverage suppliers
  or personnel             – Food service and
– Property                   catering personnel
  managers/owner           – Local market/waste
             Value of working
              with Vendors
• Consistency with vendors on what products
  they are using, paper, Styrofoam, plastic
  – sometimes vendors change at each event, so this
    will be a challenge
  – may need to create a guidebook for vendors and
    perhaps a form for them to sign to agree to the
    green measures of the stadium
            Identify a Market for
• There must be access to a reliable local market
  – Consider the following:
     •   Identify trash hauler if there is already one established
     •   Cost – based on tonnage, # of pick-ups, # of bins?
     •   What they collect
     •   How they want it separated (single stream, commingled)
     •   Distance from event/venue
     •   Ease of Access – ability to pick-up after business hours
     •   Capacity to handle additional material
     •   Percent of contamination allowed
     •   Ability to provide recovery data
     •   Consider long-term participation

       – Cardboard
       – Paper
          Budgeting for recycling
• Estimate trash/recycling volumes
• Anticipate the total volume of recyclable material.
• Obtain container sales and estimated outside
  beverages if applicable
• Talk to vendors about additional materials they may
  bring in

NEW Slide:
• Discuss cost of trash and recycling with hauler
• Find cost of collection for trash and recycling
Estimate volumes/tonnages
       via sales data
           Logistics for Setting-Up
• Confirm with event organizers, collection company, or the
  local market you are using how materials need to be sorted
• How materials are sorted – single or dual stream
• Placing bins with trash cans (how many will you need?)
• Location of bins in relation to where trash is generated
• Hauler picking up throughout event or volunteer/staff labor
• Dumpsters, roll carts, dollys, hampers, change out plastic bags
  and transport with gaiters (4 wheelers)
• When to move materials
     Container Types and Vendors
• Container collection bins work best when the lid
  restricts the deposit to a bottle/can sized opening
• Stationary or mobile
• *Mention DPPEA ClearStream containers
  available, local government containers
• Bin vendor sheet -
      Funding Ideas for Bins

• grants
• donations
• local resources
             Implement Collection
•   Training cleaning staff on sorting waste
•   Mention volunteers
•   How will you move materials through event/venue
•   Who is moving the materials?
•   Place recycling bins with trash cans
•   How far away is final destination for recyclables?
         Implement Education
• Visibility of recycling at event – mark on a
  map, mention in a brochure or on tickets that
  recycling bins are placed throughout the
  event, tall flags to mark recycling stations
• Make sure signage has pictures, not just words
      Promotion, Education and
• Recycle Guys                • RE3

  – Used for elementary
    aged school children to
                                – Used for 18-28
    promote recycling
       Maintain support

  track and record recovery numbers
      Track performance numbers
             Recovery data
Internal measurement verses collection
company tracking via receipts and reports
Rewards for volunteers and recyclers
 Acknowledge staff efforts for good
        Beyond Recycling:
       Green Event Planning
– Composting, blue-green meetings, organics, local
  food vendors, transportation, alternative energy
  resources, etc.