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Climate change and sustainable development

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					Global Human Development Report Launching, January 15, 2008, Ulaanbaatar

Climate change and sustainable development

Dr. B. Khuldorj, National project Manager, Sustainable Artisanal Mining

Global Human Development Report Launching, January 15, 2008, Ulaanbaatar

Introduction

Mongolian Action Programme for the 21st Century: briefing
Conclusion

Climate change versus sustainable development

Global Human Development Report Launching, January 15, 2008, Ulaanbaatar

Introduction
The reasonable man adopts himself to the world, the unreasonable man persists in trying to adapt the world to himself. George Bernard Shaw

Global Human Development Report Launching, January 15, 2008, Ulaanbaatar

Continued
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Mongolian Action Programme for the 21st Century (MAP 21): briefing; How NSDS of Mongolia was linked with Climate change issues 10 years ago; Current problems related to Climate change impact on sustainable development; This presentation has used data from MAP 21 and from Intergovernmental panel on Climate Change.

Global Human Development Report Launching, January 15, 2008, Ulaanbaatar

Mongolian Action Programme for the 21st Century (MAP 21): briefing
A. National Strategy for SD: Local Agenda 21 for 21 Aimags and Capital City were developed during 1997-1998 and approved by Local Citizens Representatives Khural (local Parliament) National-MAP 21 – Endorsed by Government in May 1998: SDS contains 59 goals, 13 environmental ones

Global Human Development Report Launching, January 15, 2008, Ulaanbaatar

MAP - 21

Local Agenda – 21:
−21 aimag action Programmes −Capital city action programme

Sustainable development scenarios for the 21st century of Mongolia: Economic development modeling Modeling of population projection Modeling of energy planning Modeling of climate change & environmental pollution Modeling of agricultural development

Global Human Development Report Launching, January 15, 2008, Ulaanbaatar

Continued
MAP 21 based Policy documents:

The State Policy on Ecology (1998);
National Climate Change Programme (2000); National Science & Technological Programme (2000); Mongolian Regional Development Concept (2001);

Regional Agenda 21s
Comprehensive policy development (2008?).

Global Human Development Report Launching, January 15, 2008, Ulaanbaatar

Continued Local Agenda 21 National Agenda 21

Regional Agenda 21
Eastern regional Agenda 21 – approved by Joint Meeting of 5 aimag Local parliament in 2004 Western regional agenda 21 – 2002; Central regional agenda 21 – 2003.

Global Human Development Report Launching, January 15, 2008, Ulaanbaatar

Climate change versus sustainable development
• According to MAP 21, frequency of drought and zud is 3 years in eastern steppe and Khangai Khentii mountainous region of Mongolia: has harmful impact on rural sustainable development • Bayankhongor aimag lost 70 percent of total livestock during 1999-2002, consequently, 70 percent of cattle breeders were unemployed, most of pasture land was destroyed, no economic activities were functioned • poverty increase, production decrease and environment is getting worse

• Between 2003-2007 were dried out: (a) more than 800 rivers; (b) more than 2000 streams; (c) more than 1000 lakes; (d) and about 50 mineral water points.

Global Human Development Report Launching, January 15, 2008, Ulaanbaatar

Continued
• Dryness and late rain leads to frequent changes of pasture and long distance of movement: •Livestock productivity and efficiency is decreasing; • Winter temperature is increasing on ~ 2 degrees and summer temperature is decreasing on ~ 1.5 degrees:

• Herders delay winter stay for 1- 2 months, consequently, nomadic livestock cycle is changing
• Rural population migration to the city, Mostly to Ulaanbaatar: • air pollution; social service and supply sectors are overloading.

Global Human Development Report Launching, January 15, 2008, Ulaanbaatar

• Development of adaptation mechanism is urgent: (a) meteorological information dissemination network; (b) disaster prevention system and pre-disaster management; (c) semi – nomadic livestock establishment; • Alternative business sector for rural areas, such as small and medium size of Mining, development and insurance system improvement are required;

Conclusion

• Food security is getting important “solidarity problem” among nations
• Impact of climate change on human health • Strengthen international cooperation on climate change issues including coal gasification; •MAP 21 is not only document- it is a process started by UNDP.

Global Human Development Report Launching, January 15, 2008, Ulaanbaatar

THANK YOU
Web site: Mail: www.sam.mn khuldorj@sam.mn

Address: # 76; 77, Diplomatic building 95, Sustainable Artisanal Mining Project, Chingeltei district, Ulaanbaatar

Phone:
Fax:

328848-108; 330572-108
322415


				
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