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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

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					Residential Energy Conservation Workshop
content provided by

The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection
Office of Energy and Technology Deployment
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, Kathleen A. McGinty, Secretary

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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

Presented by:
<your organization>

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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

Where do we use Energy?

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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

First things first: how much Energy did you use last year?
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For Heating? • Natural Gas, Propane, Fuel Oil, Electricity For Lighting & Appliances? • Electricity

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What did you pay last year for Energy?
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Add up your bills from last year The average PA resident spent around $2000 in 2004 Your heating energy component will likely increase at

least 21% meaning $2280 this year
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Unless conservation measures are taken

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Why have energy costs risen?
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Weather • Katrina • Rita Increased Demand • China • India

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Some Tips on Saving Money this Winter

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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

TWO Avenues….
• Things you can do • Services provided by others

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Things You Can Do…
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No Cost Energy Savers Low Cost Energy Savers

Financial Info…
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Federal Energy Bill of 2005 Weatherization Program LIHEAP

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Things you can do…
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No Cost Energy Savers • Combined - will save around 10%

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No Cost Energy Savers…

Landscaping – Trim or remove evergreens and shrubs that block out the sun
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But only if they are not needed more for summer shade or as a windscreen Only applies to sunny side of house
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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

No Cost Energy Savers… Drapes & Curtains
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Close draperies at night and on cloudy days Open them on sunny days • But only for windows that receive sunlight • But only while the sunlight is coming in
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Keep those sunny side windows clean

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No Cost Energy Savers…
Living Space Choices – Use a sunny room as living space
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All the time or for activities on particularly cold days Dark upholstered furniture and rugs will soak up the heat when placed in a sunny spot This allows you to set back the thermostat

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No Cost Energy Savers…
Clothing Choices – Wear layers of clothing
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A sweater over a shirt over an undergarment Air trapped between clothing layers is a good insulator Dark clothing will soak up the heat when you sit in a sunny spot

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No Cost Energy Savers… Sleeping Choices – Use more blankets in bed at night
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Turn the thermostat down Keep warm without having to heat the whole house Using a space heater in the bedroom is not a good solution – the blankets keep the heat from you and there is an increased possibility for accidents such as fire or burns

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No Cost Energy Savers…
Storm Windows – Don’t forget to install your storm doors/windows
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The extra panels insulate The extra panels prevent drafts
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Infiltration can be 25% of heat losses

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No Cost Energy Savers…
Attic Door
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Make sure the door or hatch to the attic seals well and closes tightly • A gap around this door can leak worse than others due to the stack effect • Sealing it will slow or prevent outside air from coming in at other cracks
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No Cost Energy Savers…
Radiators & Heaters
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Uncover heating units; don’t block them Clean around fins and coils When painting radiators, use darker colors Put reflectors/lighter colored paint behind heaters located on exterior walls

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No Cost Energy Savers… Thermostat Settings
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Lower your thermostat by two or three degrees – or more - as much as you can stand; keep it above 55 if possible • Each degree lowered can save 3% on heating

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No Cost Energy Savers… Thermostat Setbacks
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Set your thermostat to 64 degrees - or lower • While you're away • While you sleep • Unless there are health issues

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No Cost Energy Savers…

Water Heater Setting
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Lower the water heater thermostat • To the lowest level that meets your hot water needs – usually midway between the "low" and "medium" settings • 10 degree drop saves 5% on water heating costs • Check the hot water temperature - 120° is usually sufficient and is safer for children than any higher setting

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No Cost Energy Savers…

Clothes Washer
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Wash full loads of laundry only – don’t overfill though • Half load uses almost as much energy as full load Wash clothes on warm or cold setting - try the new cold water laundry detergents

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No Cost Energy Savers…
Dishwashers
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Wash full loads of dishes only • Half load uses almost as much energy as full load Use the no-heat air-dry setting Hand-washing often uses more water than a dishwasher

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No Cost Energy Savers…
Clothes Dryers
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Hang laundry whenever possible Dry clothes by weight (follow tags too!) Clean the lint trap after each load – and the vent pipe periodically Don’t vent the dryer indoors • Puts too much moisture indoors • Condensation issues and possible mold

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No Cost Energy Savers…
Household Exhaust Fans
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Don’t run bath or stove fans any longer than necessary • They exhaust heated air from the house Make sure bath moisture is exhausted by closing the bathroom door and opening the window • Only displaces air in the bathroom
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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

No Cost Energy Savers… Refrigerators
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Check the temperature settings Too low a setting uses extra energy • Freezer section should be 0° to 5° • Refrigerated section should be 35° to 40° Clean the condenser coils in the back Clean the door gaskets to ensure a good seal – use a thin film of dish soap to help keep it sticky – and therefore closed!
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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

No Cost Energy Savers… Computers
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Make sure the Energy Management software is installed and operating Set the software to make the PC hibernate or sleep after 20 or 30 minutes Turn the PC power off if not used for more than a day

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No Cost Energy Savers… Fireplace
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If you do not have an “insert,” avoid using the fireplace • Fireplaces remove warm air from the home • Most fireplaces – even those that use outside air – are not highly efficient at burning the fuel When not in use, tightly close the damper and consider sealing it off during the coldest months

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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

Things you can do…
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Low Cost Energy Savers
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$2 to $8 costs for most 1/2 to 2 year payback

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Low Cost Energy Savers…

Main Enemy - INFILTRATION

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Low Cost Energy Savers… Find and stop infiltration

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Low Cost Energy Savers…
Window Kits
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Install plastic window coverings – inside or out • Stop infiltration – big enemy on old homes • $2 to $5 • May be the BEST energy saver!

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Low Cost Energy Savers… Window Kits

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Low Cost Energy Savers…
Door Seals
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Replace gaskets (sides) and sweeps or sills (bottom) • $3 to $9 • Helps prevent infiltration

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Low Cost Energy Savers… Door Seals

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Low Cost Energy Savers…
Dripping Faucets
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Replace gaskets or seals, especially on hot water • $2 to $5 • Leaks can cost up to $4 per month!

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Low Cost Energy Savers…
Exterior Caulking
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Remove & replace old cracked caulking • Use Latex w/silicone Inside and outside; doors & windows • $2 to $4 per tube • Will prevent infiltration of cold air

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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

Low Cost Energy Savers… Exterior Caulking

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Low Cost Energy Savers…
Fill Cracks – Fill larger cracks and gaps with foam – Inside and outside; around hose bibs, dryer vents, etc. – Dried foam trims easily • $4 to $5 per can • Will stop infiltration of cold air

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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

Low Cost Energy Savers… Foam Sealant

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Low Cost Energy Savers…
Wall Plate Gaskets
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Install foam gaskets behind wall plates Exterior walls especially; maybe all on old homes • $2 to $3 per dozen • Will minimize infiltration of cold air

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Low Cost Energy Savers… Wall Plate Gaskets

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Low Cost Energy Savers…

HVAC Air Filters
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Replace air filters regularly Plugged filters require more fan energy Slower air flow makes furnace run longer • $4 per filter • Will clean air better with less energy

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Low Cost Energy Savers… HVAC Air Filters

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Low Cost Energy Savers… Lighting
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Replace high use incandescent bulbs with compact fluorescent lamps • $4 to $7 per lamp • Cost 1/8th to operate • Last for YEARS!

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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

Low Cost Energy Savers… Lighting

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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

Low Cost Energy Savers…
Lighting Controls
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Replace standard switches with dimmers or occupancy sensors • $7 to $28 per switch • Not for regular fluorescent lighting, some special fluorescent will work, read label of bulb

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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

Low Cost Energy Savers…

Shower Head
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Install a low flow shower head • $5 to $9 • Can save $5 per month per person

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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

Low Cost Energy Savers… Shower Head

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Low Cost Energy Savers… Water Heater
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If not new, install an insulation jacket • $20 Insulate first 10 feet of hot water pipe • Only if not in heated area • $5 to $8
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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

Low Cost Energy Savers… Water Heater

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Low Cost Energy Savers… Programmable Thermostat
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Replace manual t-stat with programmable* • $20 to $50 • Auto temp setback for overnight and away hours • ALWAYS pays for itself within months * Be careful when removing the old one, many contain mercury – place mercury bulb in bubble wrap in a plastic jar or bottle, label it and take it to household hazardous waste collection

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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

Low Cost Energy Savers… Programmable Thermostat

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Low Cost Energy Savers… Furnace Service
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Have furnace burner serviced and tuned • $50 to $100 • Almost always a 10% fuel reduction • Not the lowest cost – but big payback

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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

Things you can do…
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No Cost Energy Savers Low Cost Energy Savers Many and varied When needed, have short payback

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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

Financial Info…
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Federal Energy Bill of 2005 Weatherization Program LIHEAP

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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

Federal Energy Bill of 2005
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Tax deductions up to $500 on residential energy improvements such as insulation, water heaters, furnaces, heat pumps, etc. Residential solar energy credit up to $2000 Wait until Jan 1, 2006 for installation • Do high payback items NOW! Consult your tax advisor

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Weatherization Program
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What is it? • Program run by trained professionals • Conduct home energy audits • Determine course of action for homes • Install/repair to reduce energy use • Train homeowners/renters on ways to reduce energy use

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Weatherization Program
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Who runs it?
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A county-based weatherization team Funded by PA and Fed Gov’t Office in Delaware, Montgomery and Bucks Counties, two in Philadelphia, and anther one that serves a number of counties including Chester

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Weatherization Program – What are the benefits of it?
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Saves homes $215 per year on average
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Probably closer to $300 this year

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Reduces US dependence on imported oil Boosts local economies
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Frees up residents cash Businesses supply products

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Reduces pollution thru energy savings
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Residential Energy Conservation Workshop

Weatherization Program – Who is eligible?
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Low income families/households Homeowners or renters Family income guidelines:
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1 person - $14,355 2 persons - $19,245 3 persons – $24,135 4 persons - $29,025 $4890 addl per dependent thereafter

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Weatherization Program
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How do I apply?
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Contact the following: <Name, Address, Phone number of organization here>

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LIHEAP
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What is it?
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A program of financial assistance Dedicated to offsetting heating costs Award amounts based on need

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LIHEAP
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Who runs it?
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Operated by Dept of Public Welfare Funded by PA & Fed Government Office in all Counties

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LIHEAP
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Who is eligible? • Low income families/households • Homeowners or renters • Household income guidelines:
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1 person - $12,920 2 persons - $17,321 3 persons – $21,722 $4401 addl per dependent thereafter

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LIHEAP
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How do I apply?
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Contact the following: XXX County Assistance Office Address City, PA 1XXXX Phone: (XXX) XXX-XXX Online: www.compass.state.pa.us

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Questions?
www.staywarmpa.com www.energystar.gov www.eere.energy.gov/buildings/info/homes/ind ex.html www.ase.org/taxcredits

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