MUNICIPAL NETWORK FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY: activities, good practices, needs and opportunities

Workshop on twining cities and municipality networks for sustainable energy
7 April 2006, Budapest

Astghine Pasoyan MUNEE Program Manager

Strengthen the capacity of municipal governments, non-profit organizations, and private sector institutions to address municipal energy efficiency in countries-in-transition…

Municipal Network for Energy Efficiency – The Partnership
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U.S. Agency for International Development


Headquarters and Country Missions

Alliance to Save Energy UN Economic Commission for Europe Regional Energy Efficiency Centers Local Governments/Municipalities Battelle Memorial Institute And now… REEEP!
The Regional Level

The National Level
Armenia Alliance Bulgaria EnEffect Russia CENEf

Alliance/ Arena

Other Countries

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      The Individual City Level

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Local Offices and Partners in Countries  Albania: Albanian EC Energy Centre  Armenia: Local Alliance Office  B&H and Serbia: EE Center  Bulgaria: Center for Energy Efficiency (EnEffect)  Czech Rep: Center for Energy Efficiency (SEVEn)  Latvia: Ekodoma  Lithuania: Energy Institute (LEI)  Macedonia: Energy Efficiency Center  Moldova: Alliance Office  Poland: Alliance Consultant  Romania: Alliance Consultant  Russia: Center for Energy Efficiency (CENEf)  Ukraine: ARENA ECO and Alliance consultants

MUNEE: Stakeholder Outreach
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Municipal governments, networks and associations Line Ministries: Energy, housing, and environment ministries Regional energy efficiency centers District heating companies and other utilities Private sector companies Donors and financial institutions (International & local) Non-governmental organizations Local energy engineers and energy service companies (ESCOs)

Dissemination mechanisms offered by MUNEE
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strong MUNEE partners and staff,

in-country workshops and regional conferences,
websites, compendium of case studies, resource library, concrete products and toolkits translated into local languages all help to replicate past efforts and better practices at relatively low-cost – an effective way to magnify the effect of all of the assistance provided as donor assistance gradually leaves the region.

Municipal Network for Energy Efficiency (MUNEE)-objectives
Maintain regional & national networks of experts, while:
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Exchange progressive experience and share “know-how” among experts and decision-makers Recommend national policy reforms Identify, document and disseminate best practices, info. clearing house Provide tools and capacity for energy management, planning, and accounting at local level Identify and develop financing models and funds Design projects & develop market for efficiency in municipal and residential sectors Train leaders and raise public awareness Compile and maintain a resource library (

MUNEE Directions
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Policy Reform – Initiate and listen to country policy needs dialogue, assess and analyze existing national and foreign laws, propose policy reform and implementation Urban Heating – Conduct region-wide survey to identify and analyze challenges and opportunities for urban heating, case studies of best practices related to key issues facing the sector - regional Energy Efficiency & Affordability – Assess, analyze and present options for policies and programs that will utilize benefits of energy efficiency to ensure delivery of communal services to the poor-regional Financial Models & Funds – Survey experience of energy efficiency funds and ESCO performance contracting in the region, recommend strategies that will decrease dependence on foreign aid over time. Unaccounted for Water – Research extent of problem and recommend energy- and water efficient solutions for the region. Donor Coordination – Convene and moderate discussions among IFIs and foreign aid donors on hhow to make financial assistance more efficient and effective in meeting development goals.

MUNEE – SEE Europe/NIS: Past activities - at a glance
Southeastern Europe  In-country partners in Albania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Romania prepared and administered municipally-focused training on energy and water efficiency; research and recommend energy efficiency strategies for addressing fuel poverty.  Objective: facilitate exchange of information and experience among Southeastern European countries that will result in more energy efficient solutions to municipal resource problems. Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)  Developing energy management systems in educational facilities.  Municipal energy efficiency market-and project-development.  Introducing and applying “vendor credit” as financing mechanism. Country-Specific Programs  Armenia – advising on ES&RE law; capacity building for condominium associations and national EE council, municipal energy management.  Bosnia – training in water leak detection and efficiency in public buildings  Lithuania – capacity building in local energy planning; project development  Moldova – advising on heat law; moderating policy dialogues, housing EE  Serbia – training in building energy efficiency; Green Schools; awareness campaign

Successful Projects and Case Studies
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Cities get financing on easier terms: Bulgaria Competitive Energy Service Contracts: Bulgaria Municipal bond issues: Bulgaria,Ukraine, Romania Commercial bank loans for EE: Serbia, Latvia

Tariff/subsidy reforms: Russia (Cherepovets)
Residential energy efficiency: Armenia, Latvia, Serbia

Network Promoting Networks

Since 2000, local networks / working groups were set up within national programs implemented, :

- Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Armenia, Moldova, etc



In 2002 MUNEE launched RENEUER -- the Regional Network for the Efficient Use of Energy and Water Resources -- in the Southeastern European countries of Albania, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, Moldova, Romania and Yugoslavia. OPPORTUNITIES of Cross Border Cooperation: Bulgaria-Serbia; Czech Republic-Bulgaria; PolandUkraine; CR/Poland-Lithuania/Latvia; BulgariaMoldova/Armenia; Poland-Armenia

Ongoing MUNEE Activities

Energy Efficiency and Urban Residential Utility Affordability Study: Europe & Eurasia Urban Heating Study: Europe and Eurasia Moldova Bilateral Energy Efficiency Program Armenia Bilateral Energy Efficiency Program Albania Bilateral Energy Efficiency Capacity Building REEEP Removing Barriers to Residential Energy Efficiency

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MUNEE - Armenia
Alliance through the MUNEE program in Armenia works in four key directions

Reform Residential EE and Heating Education and Awareness Campaign Strengthening the Municipal Energy Efficiency Network in Armenia/Outreach to Cities


Policy Reform
 Armenian

Energy Efficiency Council (AEEC) - “the Energy Club”

“Energy Saving and Renewable Energy” Law  Developing the National EE Program and secondary legislation - ongoing

Analyzing needs for EE standards, indicators and benchmarks for enforcement of EE policy

Outreach to Cities/Strengthening the Municipal Energy Efficiency Network
Study Tours on Municipal and Residential EE success stories (Poland, Lithuania, Ukraine).  Field trips to different remote regions of Armenia to create strong ties with municipalities on EE issues.  Training on EE financing tools (Ukraine)  Municipal Energy Planning Training for three Armenian municipalities (Bulgaria/Moldova)  Building EE Program training for 11 municipalities and 10 condominiums (Serbia)

Municipal Energy Efficiency Network - Armenia
Initiating Municipal Energy Working Group on energy efficiency financing and targeted social assistance to low-income households for heating purposes.  The MUNEE website was translated into Armenian and placed on  The network currently includes Yerevan and its districts, Aparan, Kapan, Yeghegnadzor, Tsaghkadzor, Hrazdan, Charentsavan, Sevan, Goris, Gumri and Vanadzor.

Remaining Needs and Opportunities
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Decentralization/municipal energy planning Prioritization of municipal energy efficiency Enhancement of tools and training in how to use those tools Project development –take advantage of the improving financial situation and direct investments Private sector participation (PSP) in municipal utilities Low-income EE programs Building codes and passports Energy audit procedures

For More Information
Astghine Pasoyan Alliance to Save Energy

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