Clean and Renewable Energy in China - PowerPoint by RG

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									   Clean and
Renewable Energy
    in China

Prepared by Michael Mei, Janet
Zhu, and Stacy Du of CS China
Directives from China’s
Eleventh Five Year Plan
   To encouraging International cooperation.
   To development of substitute energy sources for oil,
    especially in wind, hydro, bio and other renewable energy
   To form price and tax policies that encourage
   To support sustainable economy.
   To reduce energy consumption by 20 percent by 2010.
   To make building more energy efficient, China will invest
    $200 billion by 2020
        Policy Makers and
          Major Players
   National Development and Reform Committee (NDRC)
   Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST)
   Ministry of Finance (MOF)
   Ministry of Construction (MCon)
   State Environment Protection Agency (SEPA)
   Major oil companies: CNNC, Sinopec, CNOOC, and Sino-
   Major power generation companies: Huaneng, Datang,
    Huadian, Guodian, China Power Investment Group, and
    Guohua Electric.
   Major power grid companies: State Grid and Southern
   Major coal producers: Shenhua, China Coal, Yankuang,
                Power Industry
 China’s total installed capacity reached 622GW by 2006, and
  484GW comes from thermal power, 77.8%. From 2006 to 2010,
  China’s economic growth rate will be around 7.5-8%. From 2010
  to 2020, the growth rate will be 6-7% annually.
                   Thermal Power
 Coal-fired power plant
    77% of total capacity. Will remain dominant position. China will
     continue rely on coal for a long time.
    The percentage in China’s power generation portfolio will decline. It
     may still account for 65% of power generation capacity by 2020.
 Closing down small units and replacing them with larger,
  cleaner, and more efficient units
 Opportunities
            Thermal Power
 Green Coal Generation
 DeSOx and deNOx equipment and services
                 Hydro Power
 China’s hydro power capacity has reached 128GW by
  2005, 20% of total capacity, NO. 2 in the world.
 China’s long term goal: By 2010, the capacity reaches
  194GW, 26% of total capacity, 35% of exploration rate. By
  2015, it will be 271GW, 28% of total capacity, 50% of
  exploration rate. By 2020, it will be 328GW, 28% of total
  capacity, 60% of exploration rate.
 China has 13 large hydro power bases. By 2010, 2015,
  and 2020, the exploration rate will be 35%, 55%, and 70%.
 By 2004, there were 25 hydro power stations beyond 1GW
  level of capacity, excluding pump-storage stations. 40
  stations above 500MW level. Large units accounted for
  67% of total hydro power capacity.
            Wind Power
 China has abundant wind resources. By 2006, China has built
  80 wind farms with 2.3GW of capacity. 1GW of new capacity in
  2006, an increase of 80%.
 Target: By 2010: 5GW. By 2020: 30GW. Total investment in
  next 15 years: USD25 billion. 30 100MW level wind farms will
  be built by 2010. Four 1GW level wind farms in Inner Mongolia,
  Hebei, Jiangsu, and Gansu.
 Cost of wind power is 1.7-2 times of coal-fired power. By 2020,
  wind power can compete with clean coal power.
 The Renewable Energy Law enforced Jan 1st, 2006. Full
  amount purchase by power grid company.
 70% domestic content in new wind farm equipment purchase.
 Active foreign companies: Vestas of Denmark, GE of U.S.,
  Nordex of Germany, Gamesa of Spain and Suzlon of India.
            Solar Energy
 The cost of solar power is 10-15 times on conventional
  coal-fired power.
 China plans to increase solar power capacity to
  300MW by 2010, and 1.8GW by 2020.
 China has 300MW of manufacturing capacity of solar
  PV panels, but mainly for export purpose. Domestic
  market is still too small. 90%silicon imported and 90%
  panels for export.
                    Bio Energy
 Biomass power
    China is rich in biomass resources. Every year: 600 million tons
     of stalks and 300 million tons of forestry waste can be converted
     into energy.
    By 2006, 2GW of capacity. By 2010: 5.5GW. By 2020: 30GW.
    Renewable Energy Law stipulates favorable subsidy to biomass
     power on the basis of benchmark power tariff of coal-fired power
     after deSOx, 0.25yuan/kwh more.
    Stalk-fired power: By 2006: 34 projects with 1.2GW of capacity
     under construction.
 Bio Fuels:
    Ethanol
    Bio Diesel
         Nuclear Power
 Current capacity: 6.84GW. 9 nuclear units in
  commercial operation and 2 units under construction.
 China will build 30-35 1 GW level nuclear units and
  increase its installed capacity to 10GW by 2010 and
  40GW by 2020, when, nuclear power will provide 4.5%
  of China’s total power, up from the current 1.4%.
 With U.S. government’s support, Westinghouse is in
  the driver’s seat to supply four 1GW advanced 3rd
  generation PWR units to China.
            Natural Gas Power

 Many gas power plants at the downstream of West-To-
  East natural gas pipeline project, such areas as Zhejiang,
  Jiangsu, Shanghai.
 Almost every coastal province will build LNG receiving
  terminal and LNG power plants.
 Current capacity: 10GW. By 2010, target: 36GW.
 In 2006, due to gas supply shortage, 6GW units standby.
  Gas supply shortage and expensive, imported LNG are
 By 2003, China has built 2121 above 6MW CHP units. The
  capacity reached 44GW, which stands for 16% of coal-
  fired power capacity, and 11% of the total power
  generation capacity at the same time.
 The average unit capacity is 12-25MW.
 CHP has high energy efficiency compared with centralized
  power generation. Its efficiency can reach 60-80% or even
  90%. The latter is only around 35-45%.
 Combining the CHP application in city centralized heating
  and the industrial heating, by 2020, China’s CHP capacity
  will reach 200GW. The CHP capacity will stand for 30% of
  China’s coal-fired power capacity.
          Clean Development
            Mechanism (CDM) to
 The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) allows developed countries
   achieve part of their binding Kyoto GHG emission targets by purchasing
   Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from qualifying GHG emission
   reduction projects in developing countries such as China.
 CDM has engendered considerable interest in China and the process is
   actively supported by government, especially NDRC.
 By 2006, 32 of China’s 208 CDM projects have been successfully registered
   with related international institutions. Those projects can help reduce
   greenhouse gas emission by more than 300 million metric tons. Renewable
   energy projects constitute a large proportion of CDM projects in China.
 European countries and Japan are active in carbon credits trading.
 China and UN are working to set up a carbon trading exchange in Beijing.
   According to UN, China is expected to account for 41% of all carbon credits
   issued by UN by 2012. Huge potential on CDM related project development
   and carbon credits trading in China.
Economic Overview of

 About the city of Nanjing ( 2005)
 City Population: 7.7million
 City GDP: USD 30.16billion
 Avg. Per Capita GDP: 5000USD
 City Export Value: USD14.25billion
 City Import Value: USD12.84billion
         Jiangsu’s Energy

China’s number major economic contributor
and energy consumer
 Peak Load : 49GW, 13% growth of
consumption in 2006
 20% of self reliance of coal & oil

 Strong load management history
        New trend in power
        industry in Jiangsu
 RMB 150 billion investment to boost clean energy
 Renewable and new energy projects

  Biodiesel fuel cell commercialized in Wuxi
  Straw-fired power generation project in Donghai
  Windmills in Rudong
 Targets for clean environment

  Investment on 140 renovation on clean production
  by 2010, 75% water recycling, 96% reuse of industrial
solid waste, 18% of SO2
  Efficiency Power Plant in
A demand side management project – most influential in
 Industrial efficiency opportunities (all end-uses including
motor-drive systems, non-motor process, and building end
 Industrial and commercial transformers

 Residential and commercial new construction

 Existing residential and commercial building cooling,
heating and lighting
 Residential appliances
    Efficiency Power Plant in
  Survey of 17000 enterprises in Jiangsu
 300 terminal project started

 RMB100 million investment

 equivalent of building new power plants with 579MW
 ¼ cost of building a conventional power plant

 Reduction of 39,765,945 tons of CO2, 826,735 tons of SO2

  28,109 tons of NOx

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