Economy 1 Marx&#39;s missing: the age, culture, region (1) human capital, macro: Science and technology are primary productive forces, micro: human (intelligence, ability) to employ the capital, two-way selection and employment. (2) monopoly of power, the power involved in division of surplus value, rent-seeking (3) primitive accumulation, 1) political speculation, 2) emotional investment. (4) human and social development model. Scientific socialism is the ideal, historical materialism, dialectical materialism. (5) understanding of the capitalists, the capital phase of capitalist primitive accumulation. Exploitation: the ability to allocate capital and profits. Is the composition of wage costs, but also labor in the allocation of profits. No residual value, there is no longer necessary value. Eggs and chicken. 2 of Marxist theory and Communism: Marxist theories have been politicians use. Marxist theoretical system, 100% correct philosophy (dialectical materialism), which is based on both historical and philosophical criticism and inheritance. But precisely because one hundred percent right, so it is difficult development, and also of little value, only the United States incomplete, valuable things are defective and development space. Followed by economics, it is critical for realistic and research. Limited at the time of the history and reality, the development of history to prove its limitations. The least accurate of scientific socialism. Politicians in the use of his theory, but also changed its forecast path. Theory is gray, evergreen tree of practice. Primitive communism was based on the nature of dependence had to be so, is the man so passive. History is irreversible, as long as the selfishness of people change, communism will always be an ideal and ultimate. 3 of the socialist market economy with Chinese characteristics (micro-economic system: the external market, internal plans, stock separation of powers, parent-subsidiary group of the living costs, death ratio, the contract system.) (1) relationship, you have me, I have you (2) fuzzy, not 100% (3) monopoly, state-owned enterprises (4) The power to influence public morals private morality (5) macro-control mode, after the brake, belated. High, as high blood pressure. (6) government-run and private, ancient and modern 3 Political and economic Classical economics known as political economy, shows an intimate relationship between political and economic. Politics and economy are two sides of a coin. Individuals engaged in economic (business wealth) will require political vision and political relations. Government officials need to have economic mind and economic means. Management sometimes need to use political tactics. Considered inseparable from political and macroeconomic issues. Government policy should stand on purely political point of view and should not stand in the economic point of view. Sometimes, Xu Yong economic means to solve political problems, sometimes, to solve economic problems Xuyong politicking. 4 economies of scale - scale of the economy, the internal economy - external diseconomies, economies of scope, transaction costs, organization costs Economies of scale and the scale of the economy, in the general sense, with the increase 总 量 to leverage and optimize existing resources, particularly diluted Guding cost section so that produce 规模 benefits, but the scale larger, the greater difficulty of management, The higher capacity requirements for managers, organizational structure and processes must change to adapt to the increase in size, so with the quantitative scale, the change is marginal benefit curve inflection point, from economies of scale into the scale of the economy during this period there appropriate scale. As an enterprise, large, not necessarily strong, is not necessarily good, the state is true, the state greater, the more difficult governance, rule of Taiwan Chiang, Mao Chinese government, in addition to the original foundation, political movements, the external environment and other reasons, the large inland , the great, complex system is one of the reasons behind the development. 5 BC VI Jizhi Gong Yuan 11 century is the era of knowledge-winning, technical factors is not enough to reflect the importance of it too. Knowledge of the world are busy with the accumulation of Bacon: &quot;Knowledge is power.&quot; Form of government that is the national management system, humanities, cultural style, social principles, ontology and purpose, and so on, are human conscious awareness of self and society will inevitably have to read materials on the subject. George. George Brandes: &quot;In fact, the existence of some historical knowledge will no doubt destroy a person&#39;s vitality, the creativity of a nation choking.&quot; Lu Xun &quot;Do something new voice in a foreign land.&quot; &quot;The idea rampant in the snobbish, ignorant of whom are non-Debate.&quot; (&quot;Cultural bias to the theory&quot;) 6 weeks Rong Yi Li Wang appointment responsible for the management of public finances, the &quot;people&quot; in many of the industries nationalized, government-exclusive patent, cut off the &quot;people&quot; cutting, hunting, fishing and other economic resources. Coupled with strict restrictions on freedom of expression dynasty high-handed policy, &quot;people&quot; had had enough, so at riots, sent packing, Li Wang, searching for the Prince (called the public&#39;s son, like &quot;The Orphan of Chao&quot; preview), that &quot;the Republican System. &quot; China heads the first time of the absence of government management, and call the public, two co-regent Duke, which is also shared with the Spartans to implement two-phase if the ruling political system, at least on the surface photogenic though. &quot;Republican&quot; with Li Wang died during flight, re-ascended the throne and Prince ended. The psychological impact of this incident a number of intellectuals, &quot;demise&quot; of the doctrine that such a political background came out of. &quot;Demise&quot; one step further is the &quot;election.&quot; History has repeatedly proven the family rule is unreasonable, but also &quot;the Republican administration,&quot; &quot;abdication theory&quot; in the background, Shang Yang, Xiao of Qin why not choose the Republican system?