100th anniversary of the Prussian victory over Napoleon by fdjerue7eeu


									100th anniversary of the Prussian victory over Napoleon


  1913 A, 11.1110g, 0.9000 Silver, 0.3215 oz. Subject: 100 Years-Defeat of Napoleon.
Mintage: 1,500,000
  Mint marks: Berlin


1913 A, 16.667g, 0.900 Silver, 4823oz.
Subject: 100 Years-Defeat of Napoleon.
Mintage: 2,000,000
Mint marks: Berlin
   Positive: Centre for the soldiers riding around in the triumphant return of the
popular military Gerhard "von" Marshal Blucher around
cheering, from left to right: a satchel, a turban, older women would like to try pulling
the boy close to the Marshal ; a soldier carrying a bullet bag, right hand held high, and
extended thumb, index finger, middle finger cheer; area soldiers helmet back bullet
bag, his left hand leaning on the sword's hilt (behind the two soldiers out of
a rifle, should be soldiers in forward shoulder carrying); riding on the horse forward
Gerhard "von" Blucher Marshal; enough to wear high-heeled
shoes, the left stick Zhu civilization, the right hand held hat cheering officers (behind
him with a knife, should be held behind the military); foot high barrel wear boots, left
hand holding the stick of civilization and hats, tops removed, the right hand held a
handkerchief cheering officers. Upper edge: "DER KONIG RIEF (rief is
rufen = call singular past tense) UND ALLE ALLE KAMEN (kamen is kommen =
come the plural past tense)" (The king called and all all came to fight for
the king). Lower edge: "MIT GOTT FOR KONIG UND
VATERLAND" (Met God for king and faterland God bless the King and
the motherland).
   Back: Center for the Eagles (on behalf of Prussia) snake (on behalf of Napoleon)
abounds map written on the margin: "DEUTSCHES RICH
1913" (Germany 1913), separated by five-pointed star, write the lower
edge of a "DREI MARK" ( 3 marks); "ZWEI
MARK" (2 marks).
Light Side Road, straight serrated edge teeth.
Related information:
   (A) of the French Revolution
   French Revolution
   1789 outbreak of the bourgeois revolution in France.
   Three levels contradictions of capitalism in 18th century France has been well
developed in some areas, abundant financial capital. Become the most economically
wealthy bourgeois class, but still no power in the political status. Most rural areas
retained feudal land ownership, and a strict hierarchy of feudal. Formed by the
Catholic clergy and the nobility formed the first level of the second level, is
dominated by the privileged class. The bourgeoisie, peasants and urban poor
constitute the third level, is to be dominant. Privileged class is the highest
representative of King Louis XVI.
   Privileged stubbornly maintain their privileged status. The third level of the 18th
century with the growing contradiction between the privileged classes. In the third
grade, the peasants and urban poor is the basic masses, the revolution was the main
force. Bourgeoisie, with its economic strength, political skills and cultural knowledge
in a leadership position.
   The outbreak of the revolution and the rule of constitutional monarchy sent May 5,
1789 Louis XVI convened three meetings in the Palace of Versailles.
   Attempt to raise taxes on the third level, in order to save the
Government's financial crisis. The third level is called for on behalf of the
Constitution to restrict the monarchy, to implement reforms conducive to capitalism.
On June 17 announced the establishment of the third level on behalf of the National
Assembly, on July 9 was renamed the Constituent Assembly. Louis XVI attempted to
mobilize the army to dissolve parliament, sparking people's armed uprising
in Paris. July 14 capture of a symbol of feudal rule of the masses of the Bastille.
   Representatives of the bourgeoisie uprising to seize power in Paris city government
established the National Guard. JS Bailly was elected Mayor, M.-J.-P.-Y.-R.de
Lafayette, commander of KMT's Self-Defense Forces. Constituent
Assembly now in fact become the leading organs of the revolution and the state
legislature. Faction in the parliament plays a major role in the constitutional monarchy.
Under the influence of the peasant uprising, the Constituent Assembly on August 4 ~
11, by decree, abolished the feudal system, abolish the privileges of the Church and
the nobility, providing for abolition of the feudal way of redemption tribute.
   August 26 through the "Universal Declaration of Human Rights and
Citizenship", the establishment of human rights, rule of law, civil liberties
and private property rights and other fundamental principles of capitalism.
   Parliament also decreed abolition of aristocratic system, the abolition of the guild
system, church property confiscated and auctioned. October 5 ~ 6 people into
Versailles in Paris, forcing the royal family moved to Paris, also will move to the
Constituent Assembly. There a number of revolutionary groups in Paris, which
Jacobin Club, Kedeliai club play a significant role in the revolution.
   June 20, 1791 Louis XVI fled disguised attempt to colluding with foreign forces
fighting the revolution, seen through half-way to be escorted back to Paris. Masses for
the abolition of Wang Cheng, the republican, constitutional monarchy, but to send the
status quo, retain Wang Zheng. July 16 Monarchnist split from the Jacobins, and the
other group Feuillant. They shot and killed July 17 in Mars's mass rally
school field, while forcing Louis XVI approved the Constitution of the Constituent
Assembly, namely, constitutional monarchy in 1791 Constitution. Constituent
Assembly was dissolved on September 30, October 1 held in the Legislative Council.
April 1792, France began the war against external armed intervention, Louis
XVI's counter-revolutionary features fully exposed. Constitutionalism in
the conservative attitude of compromise even more unpopular. Legislative Council on
July 11 announced the motherland is at stake. To the sans-culottes of Paris the people
as the main highlight of the republican movement set off again. August 10, 1792 in
Paris the people down Bourbon second armed uprising to overthrow the rule of the
   The establishment of the Republic and Girondins rule on August 10 after the Paris
uprising, Gironde to power. September 20 French troops defeated foreign interference
in the Valmy military. By universal suffrage of the National Association on September
21 opened on September 22 the French First Republic was established. Girondins
during the administration issued a decree, forced return of illegal possession of public
land nobility, confiscated church land sub-leased or sold to small farmers, refused to
crack down on the constitutional oath of the clergy and nobility to flee. January 21,
1793, the National Association executed for treason after trial of Louis XVI.
   Girondins the main forces opposed to the Jacobins led by Robespierre MFMIde, the
Paris Commune and the Paris sans-culottes. From autumn 1792, the requirements and
restrictions against speculators mass movement of prices rising up. Represented by
enrages the civilian revolutionaries demanded stern punishment for speculators, prices
of daily necessities fully qualified to terror against the enemy. Girondins but decree
suppressed movement. 2 March 1793, the British-led European countries to form
anti-French alliance, strengthening armed intervention; China has massive king party
rebellion. In April, the front of the main command, Girondins general CF Dimuliai
mutiny collaborators. At a critical moment in the revolution, the people of Paris on
May 31 ~ June 2 launch the third uprising to overthrow the rule of Girondins,
Jacobins established a dictatorship.
   Jacobin dictatorship of the grim situation faced by the new regime was overthrown
Girondins took the opportunity to stir up armed rebellion in many areas. Jacobins
combined power of the masses, the revolution to take drastic measures, on June 3 ~
July 17 3 promulgated the Land Act abolished the feudal privileges of the rural areas
to help farmers in the way of confiscation of feudal property auction, a large number
of farmers land. June 24 is the Constitution, published in 1793 the first republican
constitution in France's democratic constitution (not implemented because
of the war). July, restructuring and strengthening of the interim government bodies
National Salvation Council. Hoarding forbidden monopoly, to the speculators of the
death penalty; called people arm themselves to defend the motherland. In September,
the National Association of the "terrorist" on the agenda.
Formed by the sans-culottes of Revolutionary Army countryside requisitions against
speculators. Promulgated the National Association of suspects and wage laws and the
necessity to implement the Act limit. By the end of October, a group of Girondins
were executed. As a result of these measures to strengthen the revolutionary forces,
the situation improved rapidly. By the end of 1793 ~ early 1794 all foreign
interference in the military was driven out of territory, domestic rebellion subsided.
   With victory achieved, "civilian mode" to complete the
mission of the revolution. Dandong part led to G.-J. Jacobins to stop terror. To the
Paris Commune led by Deputy Attorney General J.-R. Hebert faction insisted that
continue to strengthen the rule of terror to further restrict and combat bourgeois. By
the two fires of the ruling faction led by Robespierre, on 3 April 1794, has arrested
and executed the leaders of the two factions continue to expand the implementation of
the policy of terror.
June 1794 the French territory of Fleurus in Belgium made significant military victory.
Domestic opposition forces reign of terror to strengthen the National Society to send
the majority of the plains with the original allocation of Dandong, Hebert camp, and
all the forces united against Robespierre, on July 27, 1794 hot month launched a coup
to overthrow Jacobin dictatorship; July 28 ~ 29, Robespierre and other 90 people were
   Hot on the party's rule and the Governor was originally anti-government
revolutionaries Robespierre heat on the parties combined figure for the time being,
there is no unified program. They represent the formation of the bourgeois revolution
in the interests of the nouveau riche, the ruling after the introduction of the idea of
sending the original Dandong. Hot on the party's main representatives JL
Talian, L. Frelon, P.-F.-J.-N.de Balas so. Abolition of restrictions on them and combat
bourgeois Jacobins policy Jacobin club closed to the bourgeoisie escape the shackles
of terror period. Hot on the party side of repression in 1795 ~ May 4, the two Paris
sans-culottes of the opposition, crushing one side nobles fleeing the armed incursions
and domestic rebellion king of the party. Established under the 1795 Constitution of
the Republican years, in October to dissolve the National Association to form the new
government Governor Government.
   Government by the 5 Governor Governor's political composition, the
main leaders of the coup was launched on Barras heat. The Government announced
the establishment of the Governor to a stable order, but with little success. 1796
occurred F.-N. Babeuf equal faction led campaign, but the movement was quickly
suppressed. 1796 ~ 1797, the government sent the Governor Napoleon
"Bonaparte expedition to Italy, achieved a major victory, military forces
have begun to rise. Government bonds through the issuance of compulsory, tax
increases, to hold an industrial exhibition, etc., made some achievements in the
economic. 1797 In legislative elections, many of the elements was elected king of the
party. Governor King Party to fight the government forces, declared the election
invalid. 1798 legislative elections when the remnants of a large number of Jacobins
elected, the Governor announced that the Government re-election is invalid, and took
the opportunity to suppress Jacobins. Now they fight against the king of this party, the
next minute against the policy of the democrats in history known as the swing reflects
that political instability. 1799, Britain has formed a second coalition against France,
the French military is facing difficulties . July Jacobins it active, the club have
resumed, called for the implementation of the wartime policy of the Republican years.
In this situation, to E.-J. Sieyes asked right-wing forces led by the bourgeoisie with
the military forces control of the situation. November 9, 1799 (Republican eight fog
18) Napoleon, "General Bonaparte staged a coup, ending the rule of the
Governor Government established a provisional executive government.
(2) Napoleon I (1769 ~ 1821)
   Napoléon Ⅰ
   "Napoleon was not to be conquered the world, he more than all of us are
great. But the reason why God punished him because he only believed in his
talent ..." - Marshal of France, King of Sweden Bernadotte
  ?French statesman, strategist. The first ruling of the French Republic (1799 ~ 1804),
the first Emperor of France (1804 ~ 1814,1815). That Napoleon
"Bonaparte. August 15, 1769, born in Corsica, May 5, 1821 and died in the
Atlantic island of St. Helena. Father CM Bonaparte was born in a small noble family,
is E Yake Shaw City of Royal judges, one of 12 Members of the city, aide-de-camp.
   French Revolution in 1778 to the end of secondary schooling in France Autun, in
May the following year transferred Rubuliene military school. October 1784, entered
the military school in Paris, specializing in artillery school. September 1785 graduate
of any artillery second lieutenant in the artillery regiment of the South of France
service. 1788 accompanying marched auxonne City. Service in schools and during the
Enlightenment scholars familiar with Voltaire, J.-J. Rousseau and others work, and
with the then well-known scholar G.-T.-F.de Raynal have correspondence. After the
outbreak of the French Revolution, in September 1789 ~ June 1793, three times back
to Corsica, activities in support of the French revolutionary movement. By the end of
August 1793 issued a "Bo Gaier dinner" article, claiming to
support Jacobin government. Promoted to Major in September 1793, served as deputy
commanding artillery Toulon. In battle, defeated the British, the British out of Toulon,
much M.-F.-M.-I.de Robespierre appreciated. Jacobin government to grant him an
exception brigadier general rank. February 1794 was appointed Italian Army Artillery
Command. 1794 Thermidorian 后 罗 伯 斯 比 尔                               fall of Napoleon
"Bonaparte is regarded as Robespierre's henchmen, was arrested
on August 9. Aug. 20 release, former idle. 1795 Portugal month 13 (October 5) in the
suppression of rebellion in the party won the reputation of the king, October 16
promoted Major General. 26, served as military commander of Paris, within the
defense garrison commander. March 2, 1796, the government appointed him governor
Italian Army Commander, 11 March, to the front.
   To equip the 30,000 poor powerful army defeated Austria, Sardinia coalition forces,
into the 1797 Vienna, Austria forced to sign a "campoformido Austrian
Peace Treaty", smashing the first coalition against France. The spring of
1798, the Governor of his expedition to Egypt, the government approved plans to
appoint him as Eastern Army Commander. In the same year on May 19, Napoleon
"Bonaparte expedition from the Toulon fleet starting July 1 landed in
Alexandria, Egypt took control of Egypt. August 1st Battle of the Nile in his fleet was
annihilated the British fleet Nelson , conquered Syria, was also defeated in the attempt.
October 16, 1799 Napoleon "Bonaparte returned to Paris. Most
government officials in the governor's support, relying on the power of the
bourgeoisie and part of the army, in November 1799 launched by 9 ~ 10 Brumaire
coup. Eight Republican Constitution promulgated in December. December 1799 ~
May 1804 the establishment of executive government rule, and became the first ruling,
in August 1802 to amend the Republican Constitution for eight years, commuted to
life ruling. November 6, 1804, the Constitution adopted by referendum on the
Republican years, the Republic of France to the French Empire, Napoleon
"Bonaparte emperor of France who, said Napoleon.
   Empire of Napoleon I of France to strengthen centralized, established him as the
President of Senate, abolition of elected local self-government system. Mayor, county
and mayors appointed by the Central Government, the National Assembly powers
would be weakened, Paul public hospital, the legislature and the Senate has the right
to decide independently of national legislation. In 1802 he signed with the Pope
Religion agreement, established religion of peace. 1804 enactment of the Civil Code,
Commercial Code enacted in 1807, the Criminal Code enacted in 1810, the
establishment of the bourgeois legal norms. 1800, founded the Bank of France, to
encourage business development. While strengthening the press censorship. Radical
demands of the Jacobins, a wave of urban poor and workers, and Wang Yi Gai party
elements to suppress the insurgency. He more and more inclined to compromise with
the old feudal forces, allowing fleeing aristocratic home, return unsold real estate.
Packet new aristocracy disguised form, hereditary industry, establish a courtier system
and court ceremony.
   Napoleon, after the ruling issued to the British and Austrian peace appeal was
refused, they were Marengo (1800), Austerlitz (1805), Jena - Auerstaedt (1806), Freed
Lan (1807) and other campaign and made major victory, crushing the second, third
and fourth anti-French alliance, established a French hegemony in continental Europe.
   Napoleon I of part-time King of Italy, protector of Confederation of the Rhine, the
Swiss Federal arbiter, and his brother Joseph were sealed, Louis, heat Roma to Naples,
the Netherlands, King of Westphalia. His troops occupied K?nigsberg from Hamburg
to the northern coast of Europe. Napoleon I of peak power.
   Unlimited power and the ambition to conquer the whole of Europe led him to make
a series of arrogant decision: November 20, 1806 closure order issued by the
mainland, the comprehensive blockade imposed on the United Kingdom; November
1807 occupation of Portugal, 1808 and 1814 caused the resistance to take Napoleon I,
the Spanish war. In order to subdue Russia, in June 1812 brazenly into Russia, early in
September the gates of Moscow. After 1 week, Russian commander Kutuzov MI fled
their capital, the implementation of scorched-earth policy, as early as winter,
Napoleon I almost completely annihilated. December 18, army of Napoleon I hurried
back to the country before.
   The failure of the war led invasion of Russia, the formation of a new European
anti-French alliance. October 1813 will be 15 to 18 in Leipzig after the war, the
battlefield shifted to metropolitan France. March 31, 1814 coalition forces captured
Paris, 6 April, Napoleon abdicated and was exiled to the Mediterranean island of Elba,
the emperor retained the title.
March 1, 1815, Napoleon I led a team of adventure crossing guards, March 20 landed
in metropolitan France, along the quiet, arrived in Paris, once again ascend the throne,
beginning the Hundred Days rule (March 20, 1815 ~ June 22).
   And the United Kingdom, Russia, Prussia, Austria, formed the seventh anti-French
allied forces, June 18, 1815 defeat at Waterloo.
  ?June 22 Napoleon abdicated a second, was imprisoned in the Atlantic island of St.
Helena, May 5, 1821 died on the island. December 1840, the remains of Napoleon I,
returned to Paris, in April 1861 Napoleon Paris residual coffin was placed in the dome
of the old military hospital lobby.
   Napoleon left a large number of oral memoirs. The "Letters of Napoleon
I," and so many versions of St. Helena memoirs handed down.
(C) of the Battle of Leipzig
   Leipzig, Battle of


Subject: Battle of Leipzig centennial.
1913 E, Mintage: 1,000,000
16.6670g, 0.900 Silver, 4823oz. ASW
Mint marks: Muidenhutten


Leipzig war memorial outside the National Assembly
  ?The decisive battle of the Napoleonic wars. Also known as the National Conference
in Leipzig war. In Leipzig under the city, hence the name. The war party in Russia,
Austria, Prussia, Sweden, the coalition consisting of about 30 million people, the
other is the commander in chief of the French Napoleon I and the Rhine about 20
million people in the federal army.
   Napoleon I in May 1813 and the sixth anti-French coalition war. After 6 to 8
months after a short truce, beginning in the fall campaign. August 27, the French
victory in the Battle of Dresden, but Austria and Sweden joined the anti-French
alliance, the French were forced to retreat. October 3, Prussian general Blucher GL
"von" Wahlstedt and command of the Silesian army AWANvon
Gneisenau through the Elbe, the formation of the siege of the French army. To prevent
anti-French coalition forces join the French army of Napoleon I, set in Leipzig. 16
watt high in the central village of fierce fighting, but the anti-French coalition forces
Wachau and Lindenau attempts without success. 14:00, Napoleon began to
counterattack, the resistance to coalition forces, the French military in the northern
part of the Moken village Leipzig attack was repulsed. 17, Russian and Swedish
troops arrived, the coalition has increased considerably. Napoleon I of the proposed
negotiations, but was refused. 18, the Union army to attack outside Leipzig, Saxony
Rhine Federal infantry and artillery to invest in anti-French alliance. 19 am, the
direction of Napoleon I began to Lindenau retreat, as Elster River bridge was blown
up, the French guard and wounded trapped in the city of Leipzig, after a tough street
fighting, Leipzig eventually fall into the hands of anti-French alliance.
(D) of Prussia
   Prussia Preussen
   The Middle Ages by the Poles and Germans rule Prussian territory; also referred to
the German Hohenzollern family in 1701 ruled the kingdom; Hohenzollern dynasty
fell in 1918 after the establishment of the state, also known as Prussia.
Baltic Prussians are national. 13th century by the Teutonic Knights conquered people
to Christianity. 1410 Knights of the country is Poland - Lithuanian forces defeated the
western land together with Fort Danzig and Maria was ceded to Poland, the eastern
part of the Knights still, but to submit to Poland.
   April 1525, the last leader of the Teutonic Knights, Albrecht Hohenzollern family
converted to Lutheranism, announced to the Knights of the secular state Duchy of
Prussia, self-reliance as the Duke. 1618, the principality without a male heir to be
transferred to the Hohenzollern - Brandenburg election Hou. 1660 by the elector of
Brandenburg, "Oliva peace" to obtain the sovereignty of the
Duchy of Prussia, established Brandenburg - Prussia's autocratic rule.
January 13, 1701, Duchy of Prussia became the Kingdom, elected Emperor Hou
Frederick III of Brandenburg crowned King of Prussia, called Frederick I of Prussia to
enter a new period of development. Through various means of successive kings to
expand their territory, has seized Silesia, East Friesland, West Prussia and internal
administrative policies. 18th century Prussian military power in Europe has become a
bureaucratic organization, and military organizations and the political rule of the
Prussian Junker are entrenched.
   French Revolution, General Friedrich "William II (reigned 1786 ~ 1797)
to participate in the war against France lost the left bank of the Rhine, the land was
ceded to France. At the same time from the second, third partition of Poland in the
sweep was Danzig , Torun, Nanpulushi and New East Prussia. 1797 his son Frederick
"William III (reigned 1797 ~ 1840) the throne. After the 1806 occupation
of Hanover, northern Germany became the ruling power. In 1806, the Battle of Jena
and Auerstaedt general military defeat, the loss of half of the territory, forced the
bourgeois reform (see Stein and Hardenberg reforms). 1815 Conference, the Prussian
military power to restore status to recover the lost most of the territory, and get some
new territory. 1822 already has three provinces, the Prussian territory extending from
Germany and Central and Eastern Europe, West, occupies the most important
industrial areas and the most economically developed areas, their economic
foundation laid unified Germany. After 1815 Prussia became Germany's
most economically developed capitalist states. In 1840, the Prussian bourgeoisie to
launch the national unity and freedom of movement, the proletarian political arena
began. Unification of Germany in the Bismarck, the Prussian Junker politician O.von
under the leadership of the last completed by dynastic wars. 1870 Franco-Prussian
War of 1871 established the leadership of Prussia in Germany. The establishment of
the German Empire in 1871. Prussian Landrecht Empire territories occupied 2 / 3 of
the population of 3 / 5, play a decisive role in the empire. Germany's defeat
in World War I, the Empire disintegrated, and Prussia as a state of the Weimar
Republic. A. Hitler seized power, the Prussian state in fact is no longer a. After World
War II, East Prussia incorporated into the Soviet Union north of the eastern region of
Poland was placed under the remaining part of the Soviet Union, Britain, France and
occupied three separate countries. March 1, 1947, the Allied Control Commission
ordered the abolition of the Prussian establishment.
   (E) Blucher (1742.12.16 ~ 1819.9.12)
   Prussian field marshal, Marquis. Prussian officer, born in a family. 1758 the
Swedish army. 1756 ~ 1763 in Britain, Prussia alliance with France, Austria, Russia
and the European allies fight the colonial hegemony of the Seven Years War, was
captured by the Prussian army. 1760 into the general army, after the retired. Return to
the army in 1787, 1790, any cavalry battalion commander, in 1793 ~ 1794 active
operations on the Law of War, Major General Jin. Appointed army commander in
1805. 10 November the following year participated in the Battle of Jena, a 奥尔施塔
特, led his troops in retreat superior force his way surrounded by the French, whether
from exhaustion, forced to surrender. 1807 ~ 1811 the Governor appointed Pomerania,
then was sacked for opposing the French occupation. Again in 1813 the Prussian
alliance with Russia, declared war on France. Blucher again lead the army to fight
against France.
   May 1813, Blucher led the troops to participate in Luetzen battle, within the Iraqi
army stormed the French right wing, once its peril. Into the city of Leipzig under
Napoleon to see the right-wing attack, immediately ordered troops to offensive
Calgary, Weissenfels presence of troops in the Iraqi army to move closer to Luetzen,
and personally led troops arrived, after fierce fighting, before campaign to reverse the
situation. In the same year in August, Blücher became popular Russian forces Silesian
Army commander led his troops with the coalition forces and the North Bohemian
Army Corps coordination. Blucher flexible, skillfully dealing with Napoleon.
Napoleon's main force for some time focused on the first attempt to destroy
Blücher group, but that is not captured. Blucher in motion a seizing the aircraft,
immediately launched a strong attack to the French. August 28, he defeated the
French in Kazibahe McDonald Army, enemy prisoner of 1.5 million people, seized
more than 100 artillery door. 3 October they defeated France in the Wattenberg Betan
German army. October 13 Blucher ordered approaching from the north face Napoleon
in Leipzig, 14 kilometers southwest of 马克南斯塔 Germany and Bohemia Corps
joined forces. 16, Leipzig battle began, Blucher rate Silesian Army, together with the
Northern Army from the north of Leipzig, Bohemian Army from the south face of the
French implementation of the clamp hit, beat the French on the 18th, to win victory in
the Battle of Leipzig.
   French forces exploit a victory march. January 1814, Blucher led the troops into
Lorraine, defeat the French army stationed in Nancy. February 1 hit in Laluotier
Napoleon. Blucher ordered his troops after the 5 million people from the northwest
bypass Paris, Napoleon was defeated, the loss of 1.5 million people. Blucher
restructuring forces to continue dealing with Napoleon, contain Napoleon. March 9 ~
10, the surprise success of Mar Monte command of French, as coalition forces entered
Paris, has created favorable conditions. 1815, Blucher served as commander in chief
of the Prussian army, led 11.7 million people and the army general command of the
British Duke of Wellington in coordination. In the same year on June 16, Blucher in
the Battle Lini was defeated Napoleon wounded, was rescued by adjutant night out of
the battlefield, General military rout. In this case, the Duke of Wellington also led the
troops to retreat to the mountains Sheng Anjie. Blucher travel with the team to Meili
He only regained consciousness. He immediately let his subordinates to inform
Wellington, drawn in at dawn on June 18 sent three military reinforcements
Wellington. So Wellington command troops occupied positions near Waterloo, ready
to battle with Napoleon. At 11:30 on the 18th the two armies began fighting, fighting
to 18, Napoleon ordered his reserve about 10 battalions of troops to the Wellington
central position to implement the final assault troops, captured Sheng Laai estate,
shake the British line of defense. In this critical juncture, Blucher his troops arrived at
18:30 and immediately from the left into battle, threatening the French flank, and
stability of the Wellington military defense. 22:00 10-thousand people Wellington
ordered coalition forces to launch a comprehensive counter-offensive, the war
situation has suddenly turned the French reinforcements arrive, although the utmost
resistance, while the final line of retreat by outnumbered. Rate of a few followers fled
the battlefield, Napoleon. Blucher is the battle of Waterloo is no doubt play an
important role in the victory. Contemporaries called him "Marshal
forward." Engels also his courage and command art highly.

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