VIEWS: 30 PAGES: 10 POSTED ON: 8/31/2010
100th anniversary of the Prussian victory over Napoleon ? 1913 A, 11.1110g, 0.9000 Silver, 0.3215 oz. Subject: 100 Years-Defeat of Napoleon. Mintage: 1,500,000 Mint marks: Berlin ? ? ? ? ? ? 1913 A, 16.667g, 0.900 Silver, 4823oz. Subject: 100 Years-Defeat of Napoleon. Mintage: 2,000,000 Mint marks: Berlin ? Positive: Centre for the soldiers riding around in the triumphant return of the popular military Gerhard &quot;von&quot; Marshal Blucher around cheering, from left to right: a satchel, a turban, older women would like to try pulling the boy close to the Marshal ; a soldier carrying a bullet bag, right hand held high, and extended thumb, index finger, middle finger cheer; area soldiers helmet back bullet bag, his left hand leaning on the sword&#39;s hilt (behind the two soldiers out of a rifle, should be soldiers in forward shoulder carrying); riding on the horse forward Gerhard &quot;von&quot; Blucher Marshal; enough to wear high-heeled shoes, the left stick Zhu civilization, the right hand held hat cheering officers (behind him with a knife, should be held behind the military); foot high barrel wear boots, left hand holding the stick of civilization and hats, tops removed, the right hand held a handkerchief cheering officers. Upper edge: &quot;DER KONIG RIEF (rief is rufen = call singular past tense) UND ALLE ALLE KAMEN (kamen is kommen = come the plural past tense)&quot; (The king called and all all came to fight for the king). Lower edge: &quot;MIT GOTT FOR KONIG UND VATERLAND&quot; (Met God for king and faterland God bless the King and the motherland). Back: Center for the Eagles (on behalf of Prussia) snake (on behalf of Napoleon) abounds map written on the margin: &quot;DEUTSCHES RICH 1913&quot; (Germany 1913), separated by five-pointed star, write the lower edge of a &quot;DREI MARK&quot; ( 3 marks); &quot;ZWEI MARK&quot; (2 marks). Light Side Road, straight serrated edge teeth. ? ? Related information: (A) of the French Revolution French Revolution 1789 outbreak of the bourgeois revolution in France. Three levels contradictions of capitalism in 18th century France has been well developed in some areas, abundant financial capital. Become the most economically wealthy bourgeois class, but still no power in the political status. Most rural areas retained feudal land ownership, and a strict hierarchy of feudal. Formed by the Catholic clergy and the nobility formed the first level of the second level, is dominated by the privileged class. The bourgeoisie, peasants and urban poor constitute the third level, is to be dominant. Privileged class is the highest representative of King Louis XVI. Privileged stubbornly maintain their privileged status. The third level of the 18th century with the growing contradiction between the privileged classes. In the third grade, the peasants and urban poor is the basic masses, the revolution was the main force. Bourgeoisie, with its economic strength, political skills and cultural knowledge in a leadership position. The outbreak of the revolution and the rule of constitutional monarchy sent May 5, 1789 Louis XVI convened three meetings in the Palace of Versailles. Attempt to raise taxes on the third level, in order to save the Government&#39;s financial crisis. The third level is called for on behalf of the Constitution to restrict the monarchy, to implement reforms conducive to capitalism. On June 17 announced the establishment of the third level on behalf of the National Assembly, on July 9 was renamed the Constituent Assembly. Louis XVI attempted to mobilize the army to dissolve parliament, sparking people&#39;s armed uprising in Paris. July 14 capture of a symbol of feudal rule of the masses of the Bastille. Representatives of the bourgeoisie uprising to seize power in Paris city government established the National Guard. JS Bailly was elected Mayor, M.-J.-P.-Y.-R.de Lafayette, commander of KMT&#39;s Self-Defense Forces. Constituent Assembly now in fact become the leading organs of the revolution and the state legislature. Faction in the parliament plays a major role in the constitutional monarchy. Under the influence of the peasant uprising, the Constituent Assembly on August 4 ~ 11, by decree, abolished the feudal system, abolish the privileges of the Church and the nobility, providing for abolition of the feudal way of redemption tribute. August 26 through the &quot;Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Citizenship&quot;, the establishment of human rights, rule of law, civil liberties and private property rights and other fundamental principles of capitalism. Parliament also decreed abolition of aristocratic system, the abolition of the guild system, church property confiscated and auctioned. October 5 ~ 6 people into Versailles in Paris, forcing the royal family moved to Paris, also will move to the Constituent Assembly. There a number of revolutionary groups in Paris, which Jacobin Club, Kedeliai club play a significant role in the revolution. June 20, 1791 Louis XVI fled disguised attempt to colluding with foreign forces fighting the revolution, seen through half-way to be escorted back to Paris. Masses for the abolition of Wang Cheng, the republican, constitutional monarchy, but to send the status quo, retain Wang Zheng. July 16 Monarchnist split from the Jacobins, and the other group Feuillant. They shot and killed July 17 in Mars&#39;s mass rally school field, while forcing Louis XVI approved the Constitution of the Constituent Assembly, namely, constitutional monarchy in 1791 Constitution. Constituent Assembly was dissolved on September 30, October 1 held in the Legislative Council. April 1792, France began the war against external armed intervention, Louis XVI&#39;s counter-revolutionary features fully exposed. Constitutionalism in the conservative attitude of compromise even more unpopular. Legislative Council on July 11 announced the motherland is at stake. To the sans-culottes of Paris the people as the main highlight of the republican movement set off again. August 10, 1792 in Paris the people down Bourbon second armed uprising to overthrow the rule of the constitutionalists. The establishment of the Republic and Girondins rule on August 10 after the Paris uprising, Gironde to power. September 20 French troops defeated foreign interference in the Valmy military. By universal suffrage of the National Association on September 21 opened on September 22 the French First Republic was established. Girondins during the administration issued a decree, forced return of illegal possession of public land nobility, confiscated church land sub-leased or sold to small farmers, refused to crack down on the constitutional oath of the clergy and nobility to flee. January 21, 1793, the National Association executed for treason after trial of Louis XVI. Girondins the main forces opposed to the Jacobins led by Robespierre MFMIde, the Paris Commune and the Paris sans-culottes. From autumn 1792, the requirements and restrictions against speculators mass movement of prices rising up. Represented by enrages the civilian revolutionaries demanded stern punishment for speculators, prices of daily necessities fully qualified to terror against the enemy. Girondins but decree suppressed movement. 2 March 1793, the British-led European countries to form anti-French alliance, strengthening armed intervention; China has massive king party rebellion. In April, the front of the main command, Girondins general CF Dimuliai mutiny collaborators. At a critical moment in the revolution, the people of Paris on May 31 ~ June 2 launch the third uprising to overthrow the rule of Girondins, Jacobins established a dictatorship. Jacobin dictatorship of the grim situation faced by the new regime was overthrown Girondins took the opportunity to stir up armed rebellion in many areas. Jacobins combined power of the masses, the revolution to take drastic measures, on June 3 ~ July 17 3 promulgated the Land Act abolished the feudal privileges of the rural areas to help farmers in the way of confiscation of feudal property auction, a large number of farmers land. June 24 is the Constitution, published in 1793 the first republican constitution in France&#39;s democratic constitution (not implemented because of the war). July, restructuring and strengthening of the interim government bodies National Salvation Council. Hoarding forbidden monopoly, to the speculators of the death penalty; called people arm themselves to defend the motherland. In September, the National Association of the &quot;terrorist&quot; on the agenda. Formed by the sans-culottes of Revolutionary Army countryside requisitions against speculators. Promulgated the National Association of suspects and wage laws and the necessity to implement the Act limit. By the end of October, a group of Girondins were executed. As a result of these measures to strengthen the revolutionary forces, the situation improved rapidly. By the end of 1793 ~ early 1794 all foreign interference in the military was driven out of territory, domestic rebellion subsided. With victory achieved, &quot;civilian mode&quot; to complete the mission of the revolution. Dandong part led to G.-J. Jacobins to stop terror. To the Paris Commune led by Deputy Attorney General J.-R. Hebert faction insisted that continue to strengthen the rule of terror to further restrict and combat bourgeois. By the two fires of the ruling faction led by Robespierre, on 3 April 1794, has arrested and executed the leaders of the two factions continue to expand the implementation of the policy of terror. June 1794 the French territory of Fleurus in Belgium made significant military victory. Domestic opposition forces reign of terror to strengthen the National Society to send the majority of the plains with the original allocation of Dandong, Hebert camp, and all the forces united against Robespierre, on July 27, 1794 hot month launched a coup to overthrow Jacobin dictatorship; July 28 ~ 29, Robespierre and other 90 people were killed. Hot on the party&#39;s rule and the Governor was originally anti-government revolutionaries Robespierre heat on the parties combined figure for the time being, there is no unified program. They represent the formation of the bourgeois revolution in the interests of the nouveau riche, the ruling after the introduction of the idea of sending the original Dandong. Hot on the party&#39;s main representatives JL Talian, L. Frelon, P.-F.-J.-N.de Balas so. Abolition of restrictions on them and combat bourgeois Jacobins policy Jacobin club closed to the bourgeoisie escape the shackles of terror period. Hot on the party side of repression in 1795 ~ May 4, the two Paris sans-culottes of the opposition, crushing one side nobles fleeing the armed incursions and domestic rebellion king of the party. Established under the 1795 Constitution of the Republican years, in October to dissolve the National Association to form the new government Governor Government. Government by the 5 Governor Governor&#39;s political composition, the main leaders of the coup was launched on Barras heat. The Government announced the establishment of the Governor to a stable order, but with little success. 1796 occurred F.-N. Babeuf equal faction led campaign, but the movement was quickly suppressed. 1796 ~ 1797, the government sent the Governor Napoleon &quot;Bonaparte expedition to Italy, achieved a major victory, military forces have begun to rise. Government bonds through the issuance of compulsory, tax increases, to hold an industrial exhibition, etc., made some achievements in the economic. 1797 In legislative elections, many of the elements was elected king of the party. Governor King Party to fight the government forces, declared the election invalid. 1798 legislative elections when the remnants of a large number of Jacobins elected, the Governor announced that the Government re-election is invalid, and took the opportunity to suppress Jacobins. Now they fight against the king of this party, the next minute against the policy of the democrats in history known as the swing reflects that political instability. 1799, Britain has formed a second coalition against France, the French military is facing difficulties . July Jacobins it active, the club have resumed, called for the implementation of the wartime policy of the Republican years. In this situation, to E.-J. Sieyes asked right-wing forces led by the bourgeoisie with the military forces control of the situation. November 9, 1799 (Republican eight fog 18) Napoleon, &quot;General Bonaparte staged a coup, ending the rule of the Governor Government established a provisional executive government. (2) Napoleon I (1769 ~ 1821) Napoléon Ⅰ &quot;Napoleon was not to be conquered the world, he more than all of us are great. But the reason why God punished him because he only believed in his talent ...&quot; - Marshal of France, King of Sweden Bernadotte ?French statesman, strategist. The first ruling of the French Republic (1799 ~ 1804), the first Emperor of France (1804 ~ 1814,1815). That Napoleon &quot;Bonaparte. August 15, 1769, born in Corsica, May 5, 1821 and died in the Atlantic island of St. Helena. Father CM Bonaparte was born in a small noble family, is E Yake Shaw City of Royal judges, one of 12 Members of the city, aide-de-camp. French Revolution in 1778 to the end of secondary schooling in France Autun, in May the following year transferred Rubuliene military school. October 1784, entered the military school in Paris, specializing in artillery school. September 1785 graduate of any artillery second lieutenant in the artillery regiment of the South of France service. 1788 accompanying marched auxonne City. Service in schools and during the Enlightenment scholars familiar with Voltaire, J.-J. Rousseau and others work, and with the then well-known scholar G.-T.-F.de Raynal have correspondence. After the outbreak of the French Revolution, in September 1789 ~ June 1793, three times back to Corsica, activities in support of the French revolutionary movement. By the end of August 1793 issued a &quot;Bo Gaier dinner&quot; article, claiming to support Jacobin government. Promoted to Major in September 1793, served as deputy commanding artillery Toulon. In battle, defeated the British, the British out of Toulon, much M.-F.-M.-I.de Robespierre appreciated. Jacobin government to grant him an exception brigadier general rank. February 1794 was appointed Italian Army Artillery Command. 1794 Thermidorian 后 罗 伯 斯 比 尔 fall of Napoleon &quot;Bonaparte is regarded as Robespierre&#39;s henchmen, was arrested on August 9. Aug. 20 release, former idle. 1795 Portugal month 13 (October 5) in the suppression of rebellion in the party won the reputation of the king, October 16 promoted Major General. 26, served as military commander of Paris, within the defense garrison commander. March 2, 1796, the government appointed him governor Italian Army Commander, 11 March, to the front. To equip the 30,000 poor powerful army defeated Austria, Sardinia coalition forces, into the 1797 Vienna, Austria forced to sign a &quot;campoformido Austrian Peace Treaty&quot;, smashing the first coalition against France. The spring of 1798, the Governor of his expedition to Egypt, the government approved plans to appoint him as Eastern Army Commander. In the same year on May 19, Napoleon &quot;Bonaparte expedition from the Toulon fleet starting July 1 landed in Alexandria, Egypt took control of Egypt. August 1st Battle of the Nile in his fleet was annihilated the British fleet Nelson , conquered Syria, was also defeated in the attempt. October 16, 1799 Napoleon &quot;Bonaparte returned to Paris. Most government officials in the governor&#39;s support, relying on the power of the bourgeoisie and part of the army, in November 1799 launched by 9 ~ 10 Brumaire coup. Eight Republican Constitution promulgated in December. December 1799 ~ May 1804 the establishment of executive government rule, and became the first ruling, in August 1802 to amend the Republican Constitution for eight years, commuted to life ruling. November 6, 1804, the Constitution adopted by referendum on the Republican years, the Republic of France to the French Empire, Napoleon &quot;Bonaparte emperor of France who, said Napoleon. Empire of Napoleon I of France to strengthen centralized, established him as the President of Senate, abolition of elected local self-government system. Mayor, county and mayors appointed by the Central Government, the National Assembly powers would be weakened, Paul public hospital, the legislature and the Senate has the right to decide independently of national legislation. In 1802 he signed with the Pope Religion agreement, established religion of peace. 1804 enactment of the Civil Code, Commercial Code enacted in 1807, the Criminal Code enacted in 1810, the establishment of the bourgeois legal norms. 1800, founded the Bank of France, to encourage business development. While strengthening the press censorship. Radical demands of the Jacobins, a wave of urban poor and workers, and Wang Yi Gai party elements to suppress the insurgency. He more and more inclined to compromise with the old feudal forces, allowing fleeing aristocratic home, return unsold real estate. Packet new aristocracy disguised form, hereditary industry, establish a courtier system and court ceremony. Napoleon, after the ruling issued to the British and Austrian peace appeal was refused, they were Marengo (1800), Austerlitz (1805), Jena - Auerstaedt (1806), Freed Lan (1807) and other campaign and made major victory, crushing the second, third and fourth anti-French alliance, established a French hegemony in continental Europe. Napoleon I of part-time King of Italy, protector of Confederation of the Rhine, the Swiss Federal arbiter, and his brother Joseph were sealed, Louis, heat Roma to Naples, the Netherlands, King of Westphalia. His troops occupied K?nigsberg from Hamburg to the northern coast of Europe. Napoleon I of peak power. Unlimited power and the ambition to conquer the whole of Europe led him to make a series of arrogant decision: November 20, 1806 closure order issued by the mainland, the comprehensive blockade imposed on the United Kingdom; November 1807 occupation of Portugal, 1808 and 1814 caused the resistance to take Napoleon I, the Spanish war. In order to subdue Russia, in June 1812 brazenly into Russia, early in September the gates of Moscow. After 1 week, Russian commander Kutuzov MI fled their capital, the implementation of scorched-earth policy, as early as winter, Napoleon I almost completely annihilated. December 18, army of Napoleon I hurried back to the country before. The failure of the war led invasion of Russia, the formation of a new European anti-French alliance. October 1813 will be 15 to 18 in Leipzig after the war, the battlefield shifted to metropolitan France. March 31, 1814 coalition forces captured Paris, 6 April, Napoleon abdicated and was exiled to the Mediterranean island of Elba, the emperor retained the title. March 1, 1815, Napoleon I led a team of adventure crossing guards, March 20 landed in metropolitan France, along the quiet, arrived in Paris, once again ascend the throne, beginning the Hundred Days rule (March 20, 1815 ~ June 22). And the United Kingdom, Russia, Prussia, Austria, formed the seventh anti-French allied forces, June 18, 1815 defeat at Waterloo. ?June 22 Napoleon abdicated a second, was imprisoned in the Atlantic island of St. Helena, May 5, 1821 died on the island. December 1840, the remains of Napoleon I, returned to Paris, in April 1861 Napoleon Paris residual coffin was placed in the dome of the old military hospital lobby. Napoleon left a large number of oral memoirs. The &quot;Letters of Napoleon I,&quot; and so many versions of St. Helena memoirs handed down. (C) of the Battle of Leipzig Leipzig, Battle of ? ? 3 MARK, SAXONY Subject: Battle of Leipzig centennial. 1913 E, Mintage: 1,000,000 16.6670g, 0.900 Silver, 4823oz. ASW Mint marks: Muidenhutten ? ? Leipzig war memorial outside the National Assembly ? ?The decisive battle of the Napoleonic wars. Also known as the National Conference in Leipzig war. In Leipzig under the city, hence the name. The war party in Russia, Austria, Prussia, Sweden, the coalition consisting of about 30 million people, the other is the commander in chief of the French Napoleon I and the Rhine about 20 million people in the federal army. Napoleon I in May 1813 and the sixth anti-French coalition war. After 6 to 8 months after a short truce, beginning in the fall campaign. August 27, the French victory in the Battle of Dresden, but Austria and Sweden joined the anti-French alliance, the French were forced to retreat. October 3, Prussian general Blucher GL &quot;von&quot; Wahlstedt and command of the Silesian army AWANvon Gneisenau through the Elbe, the formation of the siege of the French army. To prevent anti-French coalition forces join the French army of Napoleon I, set in Leipzig. 16 watt high in the central village of fierce fighting, but the anti-French coalition forces Wachau and Lindenau attempts without success. 14:00, Napoleon began to counterattack, the resistance to coalition forces, the French military in the northern part of the Moken village Leipzig attack was repulsed. 17, Russian and Swedish troops arrived, the coalition has increased considerably. Napoleon I of the proposed negotiations, but was refused. 18, the Union army to attack outside Leipzig, Saxony Rhine Federal infantry and artillery to invest in anti-French alliance. 19 am, the direction of Napoleon I began to Lindenau retreat, as Elster River bridge was blown up, the French guard and wounded trapped in the city of Leipzig, after a tough street fighting, Leipzig eventually fall into the hands of anti-French alliance. (D) of Prussia Prussia Preussen The Middle Ages by the Poles and Germans rule Prussian territory; also referred to the German Hohenzollern family in 1701 ruled the kingdom; Hohenzollern dynasty fell in 1918 after the establishment of the state, also known as Prussia. Baltic Prussians are national. 13th century by the Teutonic Knights conquered people to Christianity. 1410 Knights of the country is Poland - Lithuanian forces defeated the western land together with Fort Danzig and Maria was ceded to Poland, the eastern part of the Knights still, but to submit to Poland. April 1525, the last leader of the Teutonic Knights, Albrecht Hohenzollern family converted to Lutheranism, announced to the Knights of the secular state Duchy of Prussia, self-reliance as the Duke. 1618, the principality without a male heir to be transferred to the Hohenzollern - Brandenburg election Hou. 1660 by the elector of Brandenburg, &quot;Oliva peace&quot; to obtain the sovereignty of the Duchy of Prussia, established Brandenburg - Prussia&#39;s autocratic rule. January 13, 1701, Duchy of Prussia became the Kingdom, elected Emperor Hou Frederick III of Brandenburg crowned King of Prussia, called Frederick I of Prussia to enter a new period of development. Through various means of successive kings to expand their territory, has seized Silesia, East Friesland, West Prussia and internal administrative policies. 18th century Prussian military power in Europe has become a bureaucratic organization, and military organizations and the political rule of the Prussian Junker are entrenched. French Revolution, General Friedrich &quot;William II (reigned 1786 ~ 1797) to participate in the war against France lost the left bank of the Rhine, the land was ceded to France. At the same time from the second, third partition of Poland in the sweep was Danzig , Torun, Nanpulushi and New East Prussia. 1797 his son Frederick &quot;William III (reigned 1797 ~ 1840) the throne. After the 1806 occupation of Hanover, northern Germany became the ruling power. In 1806, the Battle of Jena and Auerstaedt general military defeat, the loss of half of the territory, forced the bourgeois reform (see Stein and Hardenberg reforms). 1815 Conference, the Prussian military power to restore status to recover the lost most of the territory, and get some new territory. 1822 already has three provinces, the Prussian territory extending from Germany and Central and Eastern Europe, West, occupies the most important industrial areas and the most economically developed areas, their economic foundation laid unified Germany. After 1815 Prussia became Germany&#39;s most economically developed capitalist states. In 1840, the Prussian bourgeoisie to launch the national unity and freedom of movement, the proletarian political arena began. Unification of Germany in the Bismarck, the Prussian Junker politician O.von under the leadership of the last completed by dynastic wars. 1870 Franco-Prussian War of 1871 established the leadership of Prussia in Germany. The establishment of the German Empire in 1871. Prussian Landrecht Empire territories occupied 2 / 3 of the population of 3 / 5, play a decisive role in the empire. Germany&#39;s defeat in World War I, the Empire disintegrated, and Prussia as a state of the Weimar Republic. A. Hitler seized power, the Prussian state in fact is no longer a. After World War II, East Prussia incorporated into the Soviet Union north of the eastern region of Poland was placed under the remaining part of the Soviet Union, Britain, France and occupied three separate countries. March 1, 1947, the Allied Control Commission ordered the abolition of the Prussian establishment. (E) Blucher (1742.12.16 ~ 1819.9.12) Prussian field marshal, Marquis. Prussian officer, born in a family. 1758 the Swedish army. 1756 ~ 1763 in Britain, Prussia alliance with France, Austria, Russia and the European allies fight the colonial hegemony of the Seven Years War, was captured by the Prussian army. 1760 into the general army, after the retired. Return to the army in 1787, 1790, any cavalry battalion commander, in 1793 ~ 1794 active operations on the Law of War, Major General Jin. Appointed army commander in 1805. 10 November the following year participated in the Battle of Jena, a 奥尔施塔 特, led his troops in retreat superior force his way surrounded by the French, whether from exhaustion, forced to surrender. 1807 ~ 1811 the Governor appointed Pomerania, then was sacked for opposing the French occupation. Again in 1813 the Prussian alliance with Russia, declared war on France. Blucher again lead the army to fight against France. May 1813, Blucher led the troops to participate in Luetzen battle, within the Iraqi army stormed the French right wing, once its peril. Into the city of Leipzig under Napoleon to see the right-wing attack, immediately ordered troops to offensive Calgary, Weissenfels presence of troops in the Iraqi army to move closer to Luetzen, and personally led troops arrived, after fierce fighting, before campaign to reverse the situation. In the same year in August, Blücher became popular Russian forces Silesian Army commander led his troops with the coalition forces and the North Bohemian Army Corps coordination. Blucher flexible, skillfully dealing with Napoleon. Napoleon&#39;s main force for some time focused on the first attempt to destroy Blücher group, but that is not captured. Blucher in motion a seizing the aircraft, immediately launched a strong attack to the French. August 28, he defeated the French in Kazibahe McDonald Army, enemy prisoner of 1.5 million people, seized more than 100 artillery door. 3 October they defeated France in the Wattenberg Betan German army. October 13 Blucher ordered approaching from the north face Napoleon in Leipzig, 14 kilometers southwest of 马克南斯塔 Germany and Bohemia Corps joined forces. 16, Leipzig battle began, Blucher rate Silesian Army, together with the Northern Army from the north of Leipzig, Bohemian Army from the south face of the French implementation of the clamp hit, beat the French on the 18th, to win victory in the Battle of Leipzig. French forces exploit a victory march. January 1814, Blucher led the troops into Lorraine, defeat the French army stationed in Nancy. February 1 hit in Laluotier Napoleon. Blucher ordered his troops after the 5 million people from the northwest bypass Paris, Napoleon was defeated, the loss of 1.5 million people. Blucher restructuring forces to continue dealing with Napoleon, contain Napoleon. March 9 ~ 10, the surprise success of Mar Monte command of French, as coalition forces entered Paris, has created favorable conditions. 1815, Blucher served as commander in chief of the Prussian army, led 11.7 million people and the army general command of the British Duke of Wellington in coordination. In the same year on June 16, Blucher in the Battle Lini was defeated Napoleon wounded, was rescued by adjutant night out of the battlefield, General military rout. In this case, the Duke of Wellington also led the troops to retreat to the mountains Sheng Anjie. Blucher travel with the team to Meili He only regained consciousness. He immediately let his subordinates to inform Wellington, drawn in at dawn on June 18 sent three military reinforcements Wellington. So Wellington command troops occupied positions near Waterloo, ready to battle with Napoleon. At 11:30 on the 18th the two armies began fighting, fighting to 18, Napoleon ordered his reserve about 10 battalions of troops to the Wellington central position to implement the final assault troops, captured Sheng Laai estate, shake the British line of defense. In this critical juncture, Blucher his troops arrived at 18:30 and immediately from the left into battle, threatening the French flank, and stability of the Wellington military defense. 22:00 10-thousand people Wellington ordered coalition forces to launch a comprehensive counter-offensive, the war situation has suddenly turned the French reinforcements arrive, although the utmost resistance, while the final line of retreat by outnumbered. Rate of a few followers fled the battlefield, Napoleon. Blucher is the battle of Waterloo is no doubt play an important role in the victory. Contemporaries called him &quot;Marshal forward.&quot; Engels also his courage and command art highly.
Pages to are hidden for
"100th anniversary of the Prussian victory over Napoleon"Please download to view full document