Missouri Agri-business Development Team (MO ADT) by hmm90569

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            Missouri
Agri-business Development Team
           (MO ADT)




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                    Missouri ADT Concept
                                                        ADT I – Jan 08-Dec 08
                                                        ADT II – Dec 08-Nov 09
•Missouri NG personnel
                                                        ADT III – Nov 09-Oct 10
 with agriculture expertise

•Enduring Missouri
 mission to Nangarhar

•Conducts sustained
 independent operations




         Facilitate Nangarhar agriculture reconstruction and development
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         Mission – Intent – End State

MISSION
Missouri Agri-business Development Team (ADT) deploys to Nangarhar
Province, Afghanistan and integrates non-kinetic agriculture reconstruction
and development activities into 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry
Division counterinsurgency (COIN) operations to support the Government of
the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
INTENT
Begin reconstruction efforts at a pace that begins to:
- Provide basic agricultural needs and services
- Secure the safety of the food and fiber produced and consumed by the people
- Assist in the development of sustainable value added enterprises that increase the
economic well-being of the people

END STATE
The government of Afghanistan has capacity to provide support to farmers
in Nangarhar Province as the agricultural sector grows to become a viable
participant in the world market for legitimate agricultural products.
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                       Structure


                      ADT Commander
                                  O5


               XO                                  NCOIC
                O4                                   E9




HQ Section           Agriculture Section                   SECFOR
12 personnel          Ag Section Chief         1
                                                           36 personnel
                      Ag Section NCO           1           Joint (11 Airmen)
                      PPO                      2
                      Watershed Management 3
                      Natural Resources Spec. 1
                      Ag Marketing Spec       1
                      Large Animal Vet         1
                      Engineer NCO             1
                                              11




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                                      Partnering
Missouri Leaders & Partners                                 On-going Activities
•U.S. Senator Christopher Bond
•Lincoln University                                         •KLE VTCs and meetings
•University of Missouri                                       •Special topic presentation
•Missouri Department of Agriculture                           •Education drogram design
•Missouri Farm Bureau                                         •Discussion & idea exchange
•Department of Conservation
Afghan Leaders                                              •Project Research & Design
•Nangarhar Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock              •Cold Storage
   –Director: Engineer Safi                                   •Alternative Power
   –Functional Line Directors
   –District Extension Reps                                 •Ministry of Agriculture “Field Day”
•Nangarhar Governor (Sherzai)                                 •>1,000 progressive farmers and
•District Sub-Governors                                       agriculture extension reps
•Jalalabad University                                         •Best practice sharing and way
   –Vet School Dean of Faculty
   –Ag Dept Dean of Faculty                                   ahead discussion
•Nangarhar Provincial Veterinarian

                                 Possibilities Worth Exploring
                                 •Short project development visits
                                 •Afghan key leader visit US
                                 •USAID and UNAMA involvement
                                   Long term empowerment
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                      The Way Ahead

Focus Areas:                                 Methods:
•Address water and Irrigation in             •Exploit success of first Missouri ADT
rural communities to increase                   –Check Dam Watersheds
production capacity                             –Solar Wells
                                                –Key Leader Engagement
                                                –Wheat Seed Distribution
•Address rural power for value-              •Broaden project base
added processing to increase                    –Micro Value Added Facilities
market capacity                                   Cold Storage (Root Cellar)
                                                  Juicing and Canning
                                                  Slaughter
•Address Key Leader Engagement                    Rice Hulling
and education programs to develop                 Grain Mill
Afghan “ownership” and                            Sugar Cane Refining
sustainment capability                          –Karize reconstruction
                                                –Reforestation
                                                –Lower Watershed Check Dam Reservoirs
•Address product sanitation and                 –Apiaries
quality to improve market viability          •Complement other programs
                                                –PRT/STB CERP
                                                –USAID (LSI)
                                                –CNAT
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                          Campaign Plan
                                    Last 150 Days

            Main Effort                                                Key Tasks
                                                                •June- September: Packet
•   Packet Creation                                             Submission & Quality Assurance
    – Water management                                          •October: Quality Assurance &
        • Lower Watershed Chek Dam                              RIP Preparation
          Reservoirs                                            •November: TOA
        • Karize Restorations
    – Rural value-added processing                           Leave for ADT III
        • Cold Storage Facilities
    – Special projects                             •      Upper Watershed Check Dams –
        • Wheat Seed and Fertilizer
                                                          round II
        • Livestock De-worming                     •      Micro-Hydro Grain Mills – next set
    – Employment Creation                          •      Slaughter Facilities – next set
        •   NVDA Olive Farms                       •      Green Houses – next set
        •   NVDA Citrus Farms                      •      Sugar Refining Facilities – beyond
        •   Grand Canal Sub-canal Repair                  design Dairy Collection
        •   Self-help Projects                     •      Apiaries
•   Quality Assurance                              •      Poultry
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                                             Project Status

                     Upper       Lower      Solar             Vet        Slaughter      Cold    Canning/   Green   Olive      District     Seed       De-
Project Status      Watershed   Watershed   Wells   Karize   Clinics      Facility    Storage    Juicing   House   Farm    Reforestation   Distro   Worming


Completed               4           0        0        1        8             0           0         0       1-Net    0            3           0         0


On Going                8           0        33       4        0             5           1         1         0      1            0           0         0


Staffing                6           1        16       7        0             7          13         0         5      3            1           1         1


Under Development       0           8        13       7        3             4          10         2         2      0            0           0         0




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                The Numbers

•   17 projects completed: $3,558,929
•   58 projects under construction: $6,574,526
•   61 projects in staffing : $11,899,163
•   60 projects under development : approx. $15
    million




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            Water Management


•Most basic of three essential elements for near term
Nangarhar agriculture development – water, power, roads
•Projects are:
  •Mutually supporting
  •Environmentally friendly
  •Culturally – village and locality – sensitive
  •Building blocks for other programs and projects
  •Sustainable
•Project Types
  •Upper watershed check-dams
  •Lower watershed check-dam reservoirs
  •Karize restoration
  •Irrigation Solar Wells



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             Upper Watershed Check-dams
•Key to subsequent watershed mgt
•Reduce major downstream erosion
•Slow silting of micro & macro-hydros
•Refill local aquifer
•Allow limited irrigation and vegetation
•Gabion Construction
  Representative
  Design                                                         Tributaries
  4.2m W x 4.6m H
                                                     Representative
                                                     Placement


River Bed                           Narrow Channel
                                    Solid Rock

                                                                            Macro-hydro



                            Erosion Control                Slope Adjusted
                                      UNCLASSIFIED         Speed Control
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                              Lower Watershed Check-dams
•Enhance erosion control
•Refill aquifers; improve well & Kariz productivity
•Maintain irrigation water
•Support broad reforestation & re-vegetation
•Easily maintained with local labor

                    Representative Diagrams
15 feet




                                      Check
                                                           Stream
                          Stream      Dam                  Level
                          Level
                                                         10-20 meters

                    18 feet
          12 feet




                         Stream Low Check       Stream
                         Level                  Level
                                Dam

                                                          50-70 meters
                    12 feet        Canalizing
                                   Walls
                                                                                        •Pools bulk water, passes balance
Increase irrigated land & crop production                                               for downstream water rights
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                                        Kariz Restoration
•Underground canal from spring or well
•Traditional Afghan irrigation method
•Old structures (generally pre-Russian) destroyed
during floods
•Accent with better ponds to maintain irrigation water

           Site Plan                                       Canal Entrance



            Maintenance
            Shafts
  Pond      (15m apart)                                          Water
  841m2                                                          Flow



                                                          Long Section View
          Pond Section View                                 Ground
                                                            Level
                                           1 meter




Stone                                                                    Maint
Masonry      Water Storage
                                                                         Shaft

                                                            Under Ground Canal
              29 meters
                          RCC floor-10cm
                          Compacted Sand & Gravel
                                                     Increase irrigated land & crop production

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                                Solar Wells

•Irrigate lands that current
irrigation methods can’t reach
•Vast arid areas between Grand
Canal and mountain ranges
•Fill reservoir during day; irrigate
fields at night
•More sustainable pump power                    Original Land    Simple Construction
solution than generators
•2” or 3” lines to avoid draining
aquifer
•These are typically deeper than
other wells in the Province. If not
placed correctly may cause
issues with near by wells.                      Irrigated Land      Tank Reservoir




                                              Well



                                               Wheat
                                       UNCLASSIFIED    Growing      Solar Power
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  Micro-Value Added Facilities

•Solar or micro-hydro powered

•Rural community sized and located
 –COIN fight now
 –Targeted at community capabilities
 –Expandable indefinitely
 –Facilitates skills and entrepreneurial development
 –Fits within local community cultural and market framework

•Project Types
 –Grain mills (current)
 –Enhance root cellar cold storage facilities (current)
 –Canning and juicing facilities (current)
 –Rice hulling facilities (future)
 –Sugar cane processing facilities (future)
 –Wheat seed cleaning and storage facilities (future)


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                      Root Cellar Cold Storage
•Use earth’s natural cooling ability (~60)                        32-40 (90%-95% moist)
•Built w/additional cooling (~32-40)                        Carrots, beets, celery, cabbage, Brussels
                                                            sprouts, collards, turnips, broccoli,
•Excavated in hillside, ground or covered                   artichokes
•Scaled for rural villages                                        32-40 (80%-90% moist)
                                                            Potatoes, cabbage, cauliflower, apples,
                                                            grapes, oranges, pears, grapefruit

                                                                  35-40 (60%-70% moist)
                                                            Garlic, onions, beans, nuts

                                                                  40-45 (85%-90% moist)
                                                            Cucumbers, sweet peppers, cantaloupe,
                                                            watermelon, eggplant, tomatoes

                                                                  50-60 (60%-70% moist)
  Stone Cellar      Stone Cellar w/vents      Solar Power
                                                            Peppers, pumpkins, squash, sweet
                                                            potatoes, green tomatoes
                   •Can combine w/juicing and canning
                   •As valuable as schools for rural
                   agrarian community
                       –Increased market value
                       –Extended product availability
  Mounded Cellar
                                                                       Space saving storage
                                   up to weeks
   Preserves fruits and vegetables UNCLASSIFIED
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                                                  Juicing and Canning
•Family and village culture - what grows on
the farm, stays on the farm
•Surpluses sold at “processed” prices
•Preserves independence and stability
•Minimal equipment required
•Can combine with root cellar cold storage
•Solar or micro-hydro powered
•Base system; facilitates entrepreneurialism
                                       Septic
                                       Tank



 Well                  Jar   Fill      Stove      Cool
                                                         Store Front




                                    Prep
                                    Tables


        Storage Bins
                                       Shelving




                                                                       Preserves fruits and vegetables up to years
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              MAIL Nursery Net House
•Purpose: to keep scion wood for genetic
grafting disease- and insect-free.
•Can support up to 72 genetically
improved scion wood trees.
•The nursery would be able to reach out
into multiple provinces once it is
established and producing.
•Can support lower costs and increase
quality for newly established orchards.
•Each scion wood can produce cuttings for
up to ten years, if properly maintained.




                                                    •The potential impact on the local area
                                                    concerning forestry and orchards is in the
                                                    hundreds of thousands of trees.
                                                    •Over a period of 10 years, the trees in this
                                                    Nursery are capable of producing more
                                                    than 5,000 direct grafts, each of which
                                                    can reproduce many times that, once
                                                    fruiting age is reached.
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                     District Reforestation
                              Number
                                      Percent of
                              planted            Type of Trees    Species          Uses and Benefits
                                       planted
                               2008
                                                                            Food, additional income, small
                                         28.64%      Fruit        Apricot
•2008 Project planted          4314                                             amount of fuel wood.
15,000 saplings across 3                                                    Food, additional income, small
                                         7.76%       Fruit         Guava
Districts ($25,000 US)         1169                                             amount of fuel wood.
•2009 project will plant                 14.01%      Fruit          Plum
                                                                            Food, additional income, small
saplings throughout 19         2110                                             amount of fuel wood.
remaining Districts ($ US).                                                 Food, additional income, small
                                         15.88%      Fruit       Persimmon
•Saplings planted will         2392                                             amount of fuel wood.
include fruit, nut, and                                                     Food, additional income, small
fiber/wood product                       9.04%       Fruit        Oranges
                               1362                                             amount of fuel wood.
species.                                                                     Mainly windbreak, with fuel
                                                    Wood/
                                         24.66%                  Eucalyptus wood and timber production
                                                    Timber
                               3714                                             through the trees life.

                                         •Benefits will include increased food production,
                              15061
                                         possible village income sources, local sources of
                                         fuel wood and wood products, and erosion control.
                                         •The species chosen are multipurpose species,
                                         most with the ability to fulfill multiple roles in the
                                         ecosystem, while being of value to the native
                                         people.
                                         •The readily noticeable value to the local inhabitants
                                         will assist in their dedication to the survival and
                                         care for these trees.
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                                       • Seed Cleaning and
                                         Production Facility
•   Collection, quality and
    distribution problems that exist
    in Afghanistan being
    addressed with Seed Cleaning
    and Storage;
•   Trucks and wagons used to
    transport product from field to
    facility and back
•   Combines to increase harvest
    efficiency and decrease loss in
    fields
•   Storage of raw grains and
    clean grains
•   Centralized collection for raw
    seed and re-distribution of
    cleaned seed to farmers
•   Record keeping of individual
    farmers production
•   This will be a self sustaining
    seed bank for Clean Seed



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                                 District Green House

•This environment would provide each district
the opportunity to study and monitor existing
vegetation as well as study new vegetation that
could potentially be grown in the region.

•This green house would be able to reach out
to local farmers and consumers in the area,
providing them with quality produce.

•This structure is designed to prevent insects
from coming in contact with stock/donor
plants. Through this isolation method, these
green houses should be able to foster the
production of quality fruit, and vegetables for
local farmers and consumers in the area.

•Total Size: 15’x90’




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                            Fish Hatchery

•Over two hundred fish farms in
Nangarhar Province.
•Small hatchery present cannot supply
all of these fish farms.
•Pakistan-imported fingerlings
experience high mortality (40-50%) due
to travel and conditions.
•Overall increase of initial cost for
Pakistan fingerlings is 80-100%.
•High demand for fish (daily import
from Pakistan is 10.5 metric tons)
•Local Hatchery will reduce cost and
mortality of fingerlings, while creating
economic stimulus in the local
economy, through jobs and lower food
costs.



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Health and Sanitation Projects



      •Micro-Slaughter facilities
      •Vet Clinics
      •De-worming of Livestock




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                                                                                Slaughter Facilities
•Enclosed facility
•Concrete floor & drains
•Reliable clean water
•Rails to lift carcass off ground
•Solar and Passive Solar Power
                                                                                                   Typical Waste Scene               Typical Slaughter Site

 Micro-Facility Layout                                                 Well     Water
                                                                                Tank


                                                                                                         Jalalabad’s
                                                                                                         Large
                                                                                                         Facility
                  Overhead Carcass




     Cattle
     Pen
                  Carrying Tracks




                                         Skinning                 Viscera Head
                                         Cradles                  Tables Cleaning
                                                                          Tables

   Sheep & Goat
   Pen
                                                    Floor Drain
                                     Blood Pit




                                                                                                   Passive Solar       Micro-Hydro Power   Solar Power
                                                                                                   Water Heater
                            Blood                      Septic
                            Tank                       Tank


                                                                              Sanitary means to slaughter livestock
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                                                Vet Clinics
•Basic Veterinary Services
  –Disease diagnosis
  –Artificial Insemination
  –Genetic record keeping
  –Basic surgery
  –Livestock care training
  –Nutrition information




                                                  Well
           Surgical   Med              Doctor
           Room       Storage          Office
8 meters




                                                                   •Solar powered cooler for
                                                  Head             medicine storage
                                       Exam
                                       Room
                                                  Chute
                                                                   •Basic surgical equipment set
                 Veranda                                           •Two motorcycles for off-site care
                           13 meters
                                                                   •Head Chutes for ease of care

                               Improved livestock genetics and health
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               Nangarhar Deworming
•   Deworm their cattle with a pour-on application
•   fight off the infestation of parasites
•   animals will be able to gain weight more quickly
•   produce better offspring




                                                             Produce better, healthier
Current cattle of Nangarhar              Apply Dewormer
                                                             cattle




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Questions and Discussion




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