Country’s Name MAURITIUS
Ministries in Charge of Children issues Ministry of Women’s Rights, Child
Development, Family Welfare & Consumer
Address: CSK Building, Cnr E. Anquetil & Remy
Ollier Streets, Port Louis
Tel: 020 2062700
Fax: 020 2162061
Other Ministries dealing with issues related Ministry of Education & HR
to children Ministry of Health & QL
Ministry of Youth & Sports
Ministry of Labour, IR & Employment
Ministry of Social Security, NS & SCW
Structure mandated to follow-up on the Ministry of Women’s Rights, Child
implementation of action plans for children Development, Family Welfare & Consumer
Address: CSK Building, Cnr E. Anquetil & Remy
Ollier Streets, Port Louis
Fax: 020 2062700
E-mail: 020 2162061
Initiatives taken in safeguarding the best interest of the child in all development matters
Sn Actions required Country Status
1. Ratify the African Charter on the Rights Mauritius acceded to the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child in
and Welfare of the Child July 1990 and ratified same in February 1992. The charter came into force in
2. Implement the provisions of the Charter - Child Protection Act enacted in 1994 and amended in 2005 to provide better
safeguard of children against trafficking, abandonment and abduction
- Labour Laws amended in 2006 to raise minimum age of employment from 15 to 16
- Education is free from pre-primary to tertiary. The Education Amendment Act 2004
makes it compulsory for any child to attend school up to the age of 16
- The Ombudsperson for Children Act was passed in 2003 and amended in 2005.
The Office of the Ombudsperson for Children was set up in 2003
- The National Adoption Council Act enacted in 1987 makes provision for the
adoption of Mauritian children by foreigners
- The National Children’s Council Act 2003 makes provision for children’s
participation through children’s Committees
- The Civil Status Amendment Act was amended in 2004 to strengthen the obligation
for either the father or the mother to declare the birth of their child, even if the child
is born in an asylum, a prison or other institution, save in specified circumstances
3. Accede to or ratify other regional and - Ratified Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990.
international instruments on children - Ratified ILO Convention on the Worst Forms of Labour in June 2000.
- Signed the Hague Convention on Civil Aspects of Child Abduction in 1993.
- Signed Optional Protocol on CRC on Involvement of Children in Armed Conflicts
and on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution, Child Pornography in 2001.
- Signed the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and People's Rights on the
Rights of Women in Africa. The Ratification is in process.
4. Legislate and domesticate international - Amendments were brought to the Child Protection Act in 2005
instruments into National Legislations - The Labour Act was amended in 2006 to raise the age of employment from 15 to
- The Education Amendment Act 2004 makes it compulsory for any child to attend
school up to the age of 16
5. Reporting on Implementation of the - Mauritius presented its combined Initial and Second Report covering the period
African Charter on the Rights and 2000-2004 to the African Union in June 2005.
Welfare of the Child
6. Provide Institutional - Creation of Child Development Unit in 1995 to implement the Child Protection Act
responses/programmes to address (CPA) 1994.
Children's problems - National Children's Council Act 1990 amended in 2003 and 2005
- Ombudsperson for Children Office was created in 2003.
- Observatory for the Rights of the Child set up at the University of Mauritius by
UNICEF and Indian Ocean Commission in 2003.
- Brigade Pour la Protection des Mineurs was set up by the Police Department in
- Sexual Assault Unit was created by the Ministry of Health in 2006
- Drop-In-Centre for Victims of CSEC which is run by an NGO was set up in 2003
- Shelter for children victims of abuse and women victims of domestic violence run
by the Ministry:
Programmes to address children’s problems:
- Early Childhood Care & Development
- Foster Care System (2002)
- Tardy Declaration
- Child Mentoring
- Creativity Centres for Children and participation of children
-Correctional Youth Centres
- Board of visitors from Correctional Youth Centres meet regularly to review
problems of adolescent detainees
- Visits of Ombudsperson to children in prison on a regular basis
7. Take measures to empower the NGOs, - Parental Empowerment Programme launched in 2007 to provide skills to parents
Community-based Organisations, Faith to deal with children
based organizations as well as the Civil - Community Child Protection Programme will be set up shortly
Society on Child's Rights/Child Welfare
8. Conduct Outreach Programmes in hard - Parental Empowerment Programmes given to parents in high risk regions
to reach areas - Outreach programmes are conducted by CDU and NCC
9. Plan and make good use of aids from No aids from Donors.
Donors and Partners
10. Set up appropriate mechanism for the - Observatory for rights of the child has been set up in the region. The Observatory
collection of disaggregated data for collects information and data on child rights, analyse the data in comparison to
analysis and applied research in child's different countries and prepare reports
rights and child welfare.
1. What were the immediate actions taken at national level to implement the Declaration and Plan of Action including
raising awareness and popularizing them?
National Children’s Policy (NCP) was prepared in 2003
National Plan of Action (NPA) was prepared in 2004 based on the National Children’s Policy
National Plan of Action on Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) was prepared in 2002
2. Were existing structures used to implement the Declaration and Plan of Action or were new structures established?
Both existing and new structures were used.
Child Development Unit
National Children’s Council
Creativity Centre for Children
Ombudsperson for children’s Office
Brigade pour la Protection des Mineurs
3. Has your country developed a National Plan of Action to realize the rights of children and develop programmes to that
effect? Is it focused on the priority areas as identified in the Plan of Action? If yes, briefly describe the process: key
departments, agencies and partners involved, the calendar of activities, its financing modalities, achievements realized so far
and constraints encountered?
(a) National Children’s Policy (NCP) 2003
The Ministry of Women’s Rights, Child Development and Family Welfare with the assistance of UNICEF prepared a National Children’s
Policy with a view to establish linkages with all relevant Government Institutions and NGOs, to co-ordinate and monitor children’s
policies. The adoption of the NCP is an important step taken by Government in its commitment to human rights generally and to child
rights and welfare specifically.
(b) National Plan of Action (NPA)
A National Plan of Action (NPA) was prepared with a view to implementing the policy statements stipulated in the National Children’s
Policy (NCP). The discussion process in the preparation of the NPA with stakeholders aimed at:
Streamlining the objectives and action areas ensuing directly from the objectives already outlined in the NCP;
Stating responsibility/ies of parties involved in implementation;
Proposing measures for evaluating the effectiveness of such actions and programmes;
Examining the possibility of immediate launching of actions and programmes for each core policy area;
Following the Rights-based approach; and
Addressing the Key issues of Participation, Community Development, Partnership Development, Information, Communication
and Research, and Institutional Mechanisms and Legislations outlined in the Policy Document.
(c) National Plan of Action on Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC)
The Government of Mauritius is firmly committed to the survival, development and protection of children from any form of abuse and
exploitation. Sexual abuse and commercial sexual exploitation have been a special concern for the Ministry.
A National Plan of Action (NPA) on CSEC was prepared in order to prevent and progressively eliminate CSEC and also to protect
CSEC victims and ensure their recovery and integration in society. While preparing the NPA, an integrated and holistic approach has
been adopted for the implementation of activities on protection of children. It has a broad scope geared towards the overall protection of
children from any forms of abuse including commercial sexual exploitation in line with existing legislation and the provisions of the CRC.
The objective of the NPA is to ensure the protection of our children from any form of abuse and the creation of a conducive environment
within the family and the civil society. It also aims at developing strategies and activities to be implemented by all stakeholders including
Government Institutions, the Private Sector, Non-Governmental Organisations, the Community and the family for the best interests of
the child. The NPA is based on the four components of the Agenda of Action Against CSEC adopted at Stockholm as follows:
(i) Coordination and Cooperation;
(iii) Protection; and
(iv) Recovery and Reintegration.
4. Is the Declaration and Plan of Action being utilized to guide your Ministries in the formulation of programmes for
children? Give at least three examples.
(i) Development of National Children’s Policy
(ii) Development of National Plan of Action
(iii) Creation of an Ombudsperson for Children’s Office
5. What working relationship have you established with NGOs, regional Organisation and other Organisations in
implementing the Plan of Action?
National Consultations were held with Government institution, private sector and NGOs to develop the National Plan of Action. A High
Level Steering Committee was set up with all of them to monitor the implementation of the National Plan of Action.
6. Have you included children activities in your Poverty Reducing Strategy Papers (PRSP)?
7. What is the percentage of the national budget allocated for financing activities on children and the implementation of
the Plan of Action? Are funds also being mobilized to supplement the national budget?
The budget of the Ministry for child welfare and child development is Rs 24.255 Millions for year 2007-2008
8. Actions taken to disseminate the Declaration and Plan of Action among the Civil Society and private sector with a view
to informing them and encouraging them to participate in the implementation process, in particular, to providing assistance
and financing resources.
The National Children’s Policy and the National Plan of Action were launched in June 2003 and June 2004 respectively and these
documents were disseminated among Government Institutions, Private Sector, NGOs and CBOs. The National Children Council which
operates under the aegis of the Ministry, seeks sponsorship from the private sector to carry out activities on the rights of the child.
PART III: Report on Achievements with regard to the African Common Position – Africa Fit for Children
Areas Recommended Indicators Results Achieved
Actions (Indicative not exhaustive)
1. Enhancing (i) Provide i) Policies, laws, budget 1. Universal Basic Benefits
the life assistance and allocated to support family
chances protection of family (social benefit) (a) A monthly child allowance (Rs 750 for children under 10
units and the years and Rs 804 for children over 10 years) is paid in favour of
extended family each dependent child whose parent qualifies for a Widows
system. Pension, Invalidity Pension and Retirement Pension.
ensure that (b) An orphan's Pension (of Rs 1283 for an orphan under 15
every child in years and Rs 2360 for one over 3 years, and in full-time
Africa has a education) is paid to the guardian of each orphan. The guardian
good start in also receives an allowance for looking after them (Rs 565.00 per
life, and to months)
develop in 2. Social Aid
nurturing This means tested scheme targets the poorest section of the
environment population. A monthly child allowance ranging from Rs 342 to Rs
of love, 880 is paid to the qualifying parents in favour of each dependent
security and This scheme also makes provision for:
The payment of a monthly carer's allowance of Rs 1647 in
favour of a severely sick child, and a compassionate
allowance in favour of a sick child and refund of traveling
expenses for attending regular medical treatment;
Issue of assistive devices such as spectacles and hearing
Full refund of examination fees.
3. Unemployment Hardship Relief
For every children under the age of 10 – Rs 114 per month
For every children between the age of 10 to 15 – Rs 136 per
For every children between the age of 15 to 20 who
(i) is receiving full time education – Rs 190 per month
(ii) Ensure proper i) Existence of adult literacy (i) Adult Literacy Programmes are run in Women Centres. A
growth and programme; total number of 6150 women benefited from adult literacy course
development of during the period 1986-2005. literacy programmes are also
children through carried out for detainees.
provision of ii) Adult literacy rate; (ii) As per 2000 Population Census, 84.3% of the population
education, and aged 15 years and over are literate
information to iii) Rate of assisted child (iii) 17,924 assisted child birth.
families, caregivers birth;
and the community iv) Under-five mortality rate; (iv)As at 2005, under 5 mortality rate for Mauritius was 15. 9
on health, early whereas, infant mortality rate, during the same period rated at
childhood care and 13.2 for 1000 live births.
development v) Malnutrition rate for (v)No statistics is available concerning malnutrition rate for
services, and children under five children under 5.
(iii) Intensify i) Existence of Measles and i) Number of children vaccinated against Measles, Mumps,
immunization polio immunization Rubela (MMR) in Year 2006 – 16,020 91.0% live births.
programmes to meet programmes; Number of children vaccinated against Polio in Yr 2006 15,603
the set goals on (in Public Sector) 88.6% live births.
immunization. In 2005 26,455 women received Tetanus Texoid.
Expand National ii) Current rate of ii) Children immunized against Diphteria, Whooping cough,
Immunization Days to tetanus and hepatitis B (3rd dose) in Public Sector – 15,571 –
include services for
88.4% live births.
mothers to allow
them to take care of iii) Programme on family iii) Health Education on: Nutrition, Importance of Antenatal care,
their own health care; Breastfeeding, weaning of children, Family Planning, Importance
together with that of iv) Number of women of Immunization and Child care.
the children; benefiting from ante and iv)Antenatal examinations by Doctor (first attendance) in Yr 2005
post-natal consultations; – 15,929 (in Public sector)
Postnatal examinations by Doctor (first attendances in Yr 2005-
v) Existing cooperation with 8, 173 (in Public Sector)
partners such as WHO, v) Technical support from WHO. No funding for Immunisation
UNICEF etc. in the field of programme.
(iv) Increase i) Budget allocated to i) Rs. 702.5 M for financial year 2007-2008
national budgetary primary health care
allocation to the
particularly to the
primary health care
health funds in
order to restore the
weak or collapsed
health services in
(v) Expand primary i) Current rate of antenatal i) Proportion of women receiving minimum one antenatal care =
health care to care 100%
include ii) Current rate of postnatal ii) Proportion of women receiving minimum one postnatal care =
reproductive health care 100%
services, safe iii) Current rate of maternal iii) Maternal mortality rate = 0.22 per 1,000 livebirths. Neonatal
delivery units and mortality and neo-natal; mortality rate = 10.1 per 1,000 livebirths
antenatal and iv) Rate of maternal iv) Not available
postnatal care and morbidity and neo-natal;
focus on reduction v) Existing training v) Training are ongoing
of maternal and programme for health care
neonatal mortality providers
and morbidity. vi) Budget allocated to vi)The budget allocated to health sector for financial year
Develop new health 2006/2007 was 7.23% of the national budget
primary health care
providers in order
to make these
(vi) Integrate i) Deaths due to HIV/AIDS; i) 204 deaths were notified among the 3034 registered HIV
programmes for positive persons.
HIV/AIDs, ii) Current programme on ii) All pregnant women attending the Antenatal Clinic (ANC) are
Tuberculosis, mother-to-child transmission screened for HIV representing 95% of all pregnancies. Free
hepatitis and other of HIV/AIDS; Antiretroviral treatment (ART) is given to pregnant women during
infectious diseases the last semester of pregnancy and to the newborn for 6 weeks.
in primary health Free artificial milk is provided to the newborn for 2 years.
care services, in Caesarian section is preferred to normal delivery.
particular the iii) Deaths due to iii) Not available
prevention of tuberculosis, hepatitis and
mother to child other infectious diseases
(vii) Implement the i) Presently we do not have indigenous cases. All the cases
i) Current rate of malaria in
2000 Abuja the country detected are imported ones. In 2006, 38 imported cases were
Declaration and detected in the country.
Plan of Action on ii) Existence of preventive ii)All aircrafts coming from or transiting through malarious
Roll Back Malaria programme countries are controlled by Health inspectors. All incoming
and observe April passengers from countries where malaria is endemic , are
25th of each year enlisted at the Port and the Airport. Migrant workers from
as Africa Malaria endemic countries are screened at the point of entry by way of a
Control Day; blood smear. Passive surveillance is also encouraged in all
health institutions. The Central Laboratory of Victoria Hospital
has a department specifically earmarked for the diagnosis of
Malaria. Treatment of Malaria is free for all patients. Spraying of
residual insecticide, using Technical DDT, is carried out. Regular
larvicying activities are undertaken all over the island throughout
the year. All passengers traveling to endemic countries are
supplied, free of charge with anti-malarial drugs for prophylaxis.
iii)Existing declaration on iii) Radio broadcast (both in Creole and bhojpuri), of information
Africa Malaria Control Day on malaria was undertaken during the week 23-27 April 2007.
This activity coincided with the Africa Malaria Control Day which
is celebrated on 25 April of each year
(viii) Ensure food i) Percentage of population (i) Figures not available
security of families under minimum level of
and communities, dietary energy consumption;
give education and ii) Number of beneficiaries ii) Ongoing talks on nutrition are carried at regional level by
information on of IEC/CC Nutrition; nutritionist posted in the 5 health regions. Radio as well as
timely and television programmes are also carried out.
appropriate iii) Existing community- (iii) The Nutritional Status of children aged 0-5 years is monitored
complementary based programmes to through a Nutritional Surveillance System. Weights of children
feeding and control the nutritional status attending EPI sessions are compiled in to a quarterly bulletin.
improve health care of women and children Problem cases are detected and counseled about diet and
services to reduce treated for medical problem.
Promote The Health & Physical Education Teacher’s guide for primary
community-based schools include the following:
strategies that help Standard I : Foods
in monitoring the Standard II : Food, lunch, dinner, Fruits and Vegetables, milk,
nutritional status of water, beverages
women and Standard III : Food groups, food for energy, food for growth, food
children. variety in meals, eating safe foods, eating unsafe foods
Standard IV: Food in relation to growth, food in relation to
energy, food in relation to protection.
Standard V: A Diet, Balanced diet, excess of food intake, effects
of food deficiency, food from hawkers and the school canteen,
packet foods: salt, sugar and coloring, expiry dates.
The school curriculum also provides information on health and
Prospective mothers sensitized on benefits of breastfeeding,
infant care and managing common illnesses of childhood, whilst
attending to ante-natal care in Health Centres.
(ix) Strengthen i) Percentage of the i)Vitamin A and Iodine deficiency are not public health concerns
measures to population receiving Vitamin in the Republic of Mauritius, therefore no Vitamin A supplements
eliminate iodine A supplement are provided.
deficiency disorders ii) Percentage of population ii) Sea salt is utilized but it is not iodized.
by the 2005, using iodized salt
and anaemia by the
(x) Strengthen i) Action taken to promote i)Regular talks on drinking water quality is conducted in schools
measures to hygiene education in the by the Ministry of Health and Quality of Life
increase access to community;
safe water and ii) Percentage of the ii) As per Household and Population Census 2000, 98.9% of the
improve sanitation. population having access to population has access to safe water and sanitary facilities. The
Promote hygiene safe water; types of water supply include piped water and supply by tank
education in wagon.
schools and in the iii) Percentage of population iii) As per 2000 Housing Census 88.9% of the population having
community. Involve with sanitary facilities; access to Flush toilet whereas 10.9% having access to Pit
women in the latrine.
planning, installing iv) Number of schools (iv) As at 2006, the existing 290 primary schools and 189
and managing having water and sanitary secondary schools were all provided with water and sanitary
water and facilities facilities. All schools have piped drinking water and water tank
sanitation systems. on the premises. Water tanks are examined and certified safe by
the Ministry of Health.
(xi) Prepare a code i) Status of existing family Mauritius amended its Civil Code in 1999 to provide for
of ethics governing law the child to be heard in court in any case which concerns him
the behaviour and or her, and protect his or her property.
attitudes within The Protection from Domestic Violence Act, enacted in
families and the 1997, was proclaimed in 1997 to provide protection to spouses
society. victims of domestic violence. The Act was amended in 2004 to
broaden its scope, to cover all cases of domestic violence
(physical, verbal, moral) against the victimized spouse and the
children against acts of violence committed by persons living
under the same roof.
2. (i) Resort to all i) Existing programmes on i) Preventive Programmes on HIV/AIDs are guided by the Multi-
Overcoming available means prevention of HIV/AIDS Sectoral HIV and AIDs Strategic Plan 2001-2005 and National
HIV/AIDs including ethical, Multi-Sectoral Strategic Framework 2007-2011, which include
moral and "Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission" (PMTCT), Post
Objective: traditional values to Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) in case of accidental injuries,
Africa must prevent HIV/AIDs including rape and Needle Exchange Programme (NEP).
order to fulfil
(ii) Improve access i) Existing programmes to i) a Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission Project was set
to programmes for prevent mother-to-child up whereby HIV test is offered after counseling to all pregnant
prevention of HIV/AIDS transmission; women
mother to child ii) Existing programmes and ii) Free Antiretroviral treatment (ART) is given to pregnant
HIV/AIDs budget allocated to treat women during the last semester of pregnancy and to the
transmissions, infected mothers and newborn for 6 weeks. Free artificial milk is provided to the
increase access to children newborn for 2 years. Caesarian section is preferred to normal
care, support and delivery.
infected mothers iii) Number of pregnant iii) 170 pregnancies
and their children women infected by
and share identified HIV/AIDS;
best practices on iv) Number of infected iv) 15 children were infected
how to reduce children;
transmission; v) Number of children under v) 8 prior to PMTCT programme and 7 after. All did not follow
treatment ANC or were not compliant to treatment.
(iii) Support i) Existing legislation, policy i) The issue of orphans of AIDS parents has not been studied
community and programmes to support yet. The number of cases is estimated to be quite low.
initiatives to help families and OVCs;
families and ii) Legislation or policies on ii) Article 346 of Civil Code
communities cope formal, domestic adoptions;
with HIV/AIDs and
establish iii) Budget allocated to iii) Exact figures not available
mechanisms for assist families and children;
alternative care for iv) Specific legislation on iv) There are legislations and other social programmes to cater
children orphaned inheritance by orphans for children affected and infected by HIV/AIDs.
by AIDs and other
protect the rights of
people affected by
(iv) Strengthen i) Policies, budget allocated (i)
information, to educate youth on HIV/AIDS issues included in primary school curriculum
education and HIV/AIDS and Reproductive HIV/AIDS issues covered in biology curriculum of secondary
communication for Health; schools
and with children Poster competition, drama competition on HIV/AIDS to
and youth to sensitize youth
increase Information pamphlet distributed to students
awareness on Teacher training for all secondary schools on HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDs, to foster Visiting resource persons from Ministry of Health and Quality
positive attitudes of Life and NGOs.
toward those Policy of MoE & HR: in line with national priority of
affected and reduce combating HIV/AIDS
stigmatization and Budget: Health & Anti Drug Section: Rs 200,000 yearly, in
exclusion; addition to support from AIDS Secretariat of MoH & QL
ii) Availability of (ii) Family planning services are available in Community and
contraceptive Area Health Centres across the country where contraceptives
are given free of charge.
iii) Percentage of youth iii) % of youth with HIV
affected by HIV/AIDS; Up to 9 – 0.5%
15-19 years: 3.0%
20-24 years 14.9%
iv) Number of child-headed (iv) As per 2000 Population Census, 40 of the 296,000 heads of
household households were under 18 years
(v) Promote holistic i) Proportion of youth aware i) 60% of youth aware of preventive measures.
health care of prevention measures for
services, in HIV/AIDS;
particular, improve ii) Percentage of voluntary ii) Up to 9 – 0.5%
access to testing among youth; 15-19 years: 3.0%
reproductive health 20-24 years 14.9%
information, iii) Current existing iii) Talks targeting students of secondary schools, out of school
counselling and preventive programme youth on HIV/AIDS and SRH. Regular screening tests are
voluntary testing carried out on detainees
services for iv) Existence of (iv) Sensitization programmes on HIV and AIDs already being
HIV/AIDs. Involve modules/elements on carried out in schools. Ministry of Education in the process of
children and youth sexual education in school including HIV infection in school curriculum for both children and
in developing and curricula adolescents.
implementing The Modules are under preparation for introduction in Std V & VI
at changing high-
sexual education in
(vi) Enact and i) Existing legislation with i) It is Government’s policy to supply medicine free of charge. .
utilize appropriate regard to supply of
legislation and medicines;
international trade ii) Availability of anti- ii) Anti- Retro Viral (ARV) Therapy is provided free of charge to
regulations to retroviral drugs; all patients, including children, who thus benefit from quality
ensure availability treatment, based on European Standards on ARV treatment.
of drugs including
anti-retro-viral iii) Is ARV affordable to the iii) Pregnant women are given free ARV treatment, and babies
drugs at affordable population? are supplied with free artificial milk for 2 years.
of pertinent iv) Percentage of subsidy iv) 100% subsidy on drugs
pharmaceuticals on the drugs
for the care and
treatment of those
(vii) Enact i) Measures taken to ensure
legislation, where accessibility and
necessary, to maintenance of OVCs in
ensure that there is school;
no discrimination in ii) Status on existing (ii) The HIV and AIDs Act, passed in Parliament in December
school or workplace legislation on discrimination 2006, was enacted to protect people living with HIV and AIDs
against children against people living with from discrimination.
and young people HIV/AIDS
(viii) Establish a i) Existing policy on impact (i) A National Strategic Framework for period 2007-2011 has
multi-sectoral of HIV/AIDS on child been prepared and the objectives of which are to:
national policy on development "reduce the transmission of HIV among the most vulnerable
the impact of groups", including women and "address the social, economic
HIV/AIDs on child and environmental HIV and AIDs vulnerability factors among
development and marginalized communities".
stakeholders ii) Budget allocated for this (ii) Budget allocated for HIV and AIDs: Rs. 2.4 M for year 2006/
campaign 2007 prevention campaigns
(ix) Ensure that i) Number of children in i) Not applicable for Mauritius
children affected by conflict situation affected by
conflicts including HIV/AIDS
refugee and ii) Existing preventing ii) Not applicable
Internally Displaced programmes in refugee
Children (IDC) are camps etc.
viewed as an
component of all
3. Realizing Governments i) Measures taken to Compulsory education up to age of 16 introduced by
the Rights to should: implement the objectives of Education (Amendment) Act of 2004
Education (i) Rededicate the OAU Decade of Education is free at primary, secondary and tertiary level.
themselves to the Education in Africa (1997- Free transport is also provided to school children to
realization of the 2006) – (Education for All; encourage parents in situation of economic vulnerability to
Objective: OAU Education Education of Girls and send their ward to school.
Education is a Decade goals and Women; promoting adult Grant to pre-primary students of age 4+
basic right ensure coordination education and literacy) Free textbooks at primary level to all students
that, allows on Regional Free textbooks to needy students at secondary levels
every child to Economic School feeding project at primary level for children
develop to her Communities for attending ZEP schools
or his fullest the effective Medical test/ vision test in primary schools
potential. The implementation of Pre-vocational stream for CPE failures
right to the goals; ZEP schools for low achievers
(ii) Commit i) Legislation on free (i) The policy to provide for free education exists since 1976. The
themselves to the education; Education (amendment) Act 2004 makes education compulsory
provision of quality, up to the age of 16.
free and ii) Rate of schooling; (ii) Rate of Schooling: 100%
compulsory basic iii) Plans of action related to iii) Education Reform Policy-Quality Initiatives and Bridging the
education. schooling; Gap
Governments must iv) Percentage of enrolment iv) 100%
international donor v) Budget allocated to (v) Total Expenditure on Education as a % of Total Current
community and education; Government Expenditure: 13.3%
financial Budget allocated to schooling Primary: 27% and 43.3% for
institutions Secondary as a % of Government Recurrent Expenditure on
including the World Education
Bank and the IMF vi) Support received to vi) Nil
to commit finance education
support this goal.
(iii) Create i) Existing partnership to i) Education at primary, secondary and tertiary is already free in
partnerships with achieve free and universal Mauritius. Education at primary and secondary provided by state
non-formal education; schools and government funded private schools.
society organization ii) Describe the success ii) Education Amendment Act, free education and free transport
and the community stories
in order to achieve
the goal of free and
(iv) Urgently i) Enrolment rate and rate of (i) & (ii) Enrolment rate:
address the drop-outs; Number of students enrolled at primary schools per 100
challenge of ii) Rate of enrolment at population aged 6 to 11 years: Gross enrolment ratio was 102 in
providing relevant secondary level 2006.
to national social Number of students enrolled at secondary schools per 100
and economic population aged 12 to 19 years: The Gross enrolment ratio was
needs, current level 69 in 2006.
while taking into Drop-outs:
account the forces Number of drop outs per 100 students enrolled in standard I to VI
of globalization; at primary level was nil in 2005
Number of drop outs per 100 students enrolled in Form I to LVI
at secondary level was 6.6% in 2005
(v) Draw lessons i) Innovations with regard to (i)
from new models of new basic school Pre- vocational stream for CPE failures
education like the Specific schools identified for low achievers (ZEP
"new basic school" schools) having specialized programmes
in the West African
States which focus
on skills and
learning related to
local culture and
teaching in local
language as well as
(vi) Take into i) Teaching innovations as (i) Several "Quality" initiatives brought to educational system
account national regard education Bridging the Gap Initiative
needs, local "Numeracy and Literacy" Strategy introduced
realities, indigenous Improving instructional practice
languages and Moreover, the Ministry of Education encourages Distance
knowledge, special Learning on teacher training and updating of skills of
learning needs of school leaders.
children, children in ICT across the curriculum in Primary Schools and the use
need of special of an adapted inclusive pedagogy in ZEP schools.
measures, girls, Rope in institutional mechanism for regular curriculum
and children from renewal, updating and frequent contextualization of the
nomadic curriculum for teaching to be more adapted to the child’s
communities, in environment.
development and in
(vii) Strengthen and i) Measures taken to involve (i) Encouraging community involvement in school matters
involve the communities in the through Parent and Teachers Association. Emphasis is also
communities in the management of schools and being laid on the role of Social Workers and Parent Mediators to
mobilization of promotion of education assist and support the parents and children from ZEP schools in
resources, their effort for an improved parenting and for creating the right
management of learning environment for the children.
staffing in view of Addressing the Equity Challenge
the toll HIV/AIDs
has in the
(viii) Strengthen the i) Measures taken to (i) New Emphasis is laid on Science and Technology in schools.
teaching of science promote teaching of science The Government intends to make it compulsory up to a certain
and the utilization and utilization of ICT; level. IT labs have also been set up in schools.
of the new
information and ii) Status of existing school (ii) ICT is taught in all primary schools as from standard I. The
technologies as programmes which include Ministry of Education encourages the reduction of the digital
well as innovative science and ICT divide amongst African schools, by encouraging exposure of
teaching and school children to the world of IT at an early age.
(ix) Eliminate i) Percentage of girls’ (i) There are no disparities per se. In 2006, enrolment in primary
gender disparities enrolment in schools; schools was 49.2% and in secondary schools was 51.9%.
in education by
taking special ii) Rate of girl drop-outs (ii) 0% at primary schools and 6.5% at secondary schools.
access to schools,
(x) Strengthen i) Existing vocational Vocational Training being offered by 13 IVTB centres in
vocational training training schools/centres; 2006.
programmes, Expansion of the National Apprenticeship Scheme to more
introduce life skills sectors.
and create other Reform of the Technical & Vocational Education and
training Training Sector in the pipeline to improve articulation
opportunities for between training programmes.
adolescents so as
to gain employable ii) Number of youth enrolled (ii) 3262 students were enrolled in the IVTB centres in 2006
skills and for self- in these training schools;
development; iii) Existing post-training iii) Skills development programme is in place whereby young
programmes graduates as well as diploma holders are put under placement in
Ministries and in the Private Sector against payment of a monthly
(xi) Ensure the i) Existence of Human Rights Education will be integrated into the
integration of peace modules/elements on curriculum, Sex education modules are under preparation.
education, peace education, human Health education is a life skill-subject existing already in
democracy, human rights, humanitarian law, the curriculum.
rights, humanitarian sexual education, health Environment protection cuts across the curriculum and is
law, sexual education, environment dealt with in Basic Science.
education, health protection included in the Humanitarian law is taught in form III and at HSC level.
education and education system.
protection in the
the Right to
(i) Stop the use of i) Formal age of i) Recruitment in armed forces is regulated under the Public and
Objective: children as soldiers, conscription into the armed Discipline Forces Service Commission and only those above 18
Give demobilize all forces; years are eligible for recruitment.
increased care combatants aged ii) Number of children under ii) Not Applicable
and protection under eighteen and 18 enrolled in the army,
to children in develop and army troops;
order to implement iii) Number of children who iii) Not Applicable
reduce the programmes for have been demobilized;
devastating their rehabilitation iv) Status of existing iv) Not Applicable
impacts of and social services to ensure their re-
war. reintegration; education and social
(ii) Protect former i) Measures in place to i) Not Applicable
child soldiers from protect child soldiers as well
retribution, as former child soldiers
torture and other
punitive actions by
using the provisions
in the African
Charter on the
Rights and Welfare
of the Child and the
(iii) Protect children i) Number of children i) No. of children victims of abduction: 33 as at July 2007
from abduction and victims of abduction;
to stop their use as ii) Existing legislation ii) Hague Convention on Civil Aspects of International Child
slaves. against abduction Abduction Act 2000
(iv) Curb the illicit i) Existing measures to i) Not Applicable
trade on small arms prevent illicit trade of small
and light weapons arms and light weapons
at national and
with civil society in
acquired arms, and
as well as in
(v) Ensure special i) Programmes in place in i) Not applicable
protection and refugee camps to protect
access to and educate children;
humanitarian aid ii) Budget allocated for ii) Not applicable
and programmes these programmes
and children in post
(vi) Eliminate the i) Ratification of the Ottawa i) Not applicable
threat posed by Convention on Landmines;
landmines and ii) Number of victims of ii) Not applicable
other unexploded landmines;
ordinance by iii) Existing programmes for iii) Not applicable
ensuring respect for mine clearance and
the Ottawa rehabilitation of survivors
Convention by all
mine clearance and
(vii)Ensure the i) Adherence to and i) Mauritius is a party to a number of Conventions and Treaties,
Member States implementation of commonly referred to as International Humanitarian Law
reaffirm their International Humanitarian Instruments. In October 2001, the Government of Mauritius, by
commitment to Law and continental and decision of Cabinet approved the setting up of a Mauritius
International International Charters and National Humanitarian Law Committee. The role of the NHLC is
Humanitarian Law Conventions to advise and assist Government in implementing and spreading
and Continental knowledge of International Humanitarian Law Instruments to
and International which Mauritius is a party. International Humanitarian Law is
Charters and also studied at lower secondary and is taught at Form III and
Conventions; HSC levels.
(viii) Encourage i) Ratification of the Rome i) Not applicable
Member States to Statute;
ratify/accede to the ii) Number of perpetrators of ii) Not applicable
Rome Statute of war crimes who have been
the International prosecuted
Crime Court as a
perpetrators of war
crimes and to end
impunity for crimes
(ix) Strengthen the i) Policies on including i) Not applicable
capacity of regional rights of children during
and sub-regional ceasefire and peace
organizations and ii) Inclusion of child’s rights ii) Not applicable
groupings to focus on training curricula of
on the rights of peace-keepers
(x) Ensure that i) Status on the protection of i) Not applicable
Member States refugees
commitments to the
relating to the
status of refugees
and its 1967
protocol as well as
specific aspects of
refugee problems in
Objective: (i) carry out i) Comprehensive review on (i) The Protection of the Child (Miscellaneous Provision) Act
Provide legal comprehensive all legislation on children 1998 amended 24 laws including the Divorce and Judicial
protection of review of all undertaken and reforms Separation Act. A Task Force was set up in 2003 to make
children legislation, with a enacted particularly on recommendations and consider consolidation of existing laws
outside special focus on personal and family law; related to children. An Ombudsperson for Children Act was
situations of personal and family enacted in 2003.
armed conflict law, to ensure ii) Existing legislation on the (ii) Existing legislations on the Protection of children:
and under conformity with the protection of children; - Child Protection Act (1994)
foreign provisions of the - Child Protection Amendment Act 1998 and 2005
occupations ACRWC and the - Protection from Domestic Violence Act (amended in 2004)
CRC. Customary - Education Amendment Act (2004)
laws inconsistent -Computer Misuse and Cyber Crime Act (2003)
with the interests of - Ombudsperson for Children Act (2003)
the child and to the - Criminal Code (1998)
international norms - Cinematograph Act
governing the - Dangerous Drugs Act
rights of the child - Probation of Offenders Act
should be - Juvenile Offenders Act
eliminated or - Reform Institution Act
(ii) Develop child, i) Existing legislation on i) Existing legislation for Inter-country Adoption: NAC Act no 21
youth and gender adoption; of 87
friendly inheritance Existing legislation on National Adoption: Article 346 of the Civil
and adoption laws Code
in the states where Mauritius acceded to the Hague Convention on Protection of
adoption is Children and Cooperation in respect of Inter-country Adoption on
permitted; 28 September 1998.
ii) Number of adoptions at ii) 290
iii) Number of adoptions at iii)314 as from 1988 to 2007
(iii) Develop i) Percentage of children (i) The Resident Child Population is estimated to be 29% over
mechanisms for who know about their rights; 1.2 M in Mauritius, out of which 21.5% attend primary and
enforcement and secondary schools. With the regular sensitization campaigns
monitoring and organized by the M/Women’s Rights, CD, FW & CP such as the
legislation; ensure ’16 Days, 16 Rights’ Activism and wide dissemination of
that children are information related to children’s rights by the National Children’s
educated on their Council in schools, a high proportion of children and adolescents
rights; ensure easy are aware of children’s rights issues. Children rights are also
access to legal incorporated in the curriculum.
protection; and ii) Existing courts and (ii) District Courts deals with children’s cases on a regular basis
introduce child judges for children;
friendly court iii) Existing rehabilitation (iii) There are currently 5 Rehabilitation Centres:
systems and centres for youth Youth offenders remanded to Correctional Youth Centre (CYC)
divergent systems delinquents; and Rehabilitation Youth Centre (RYC) for both boys and girls.
for young iv) Are there child friendly (iv) Child Friendly Police Units at National Level:
offenders; police units at national
v) Provisions of ACRWC (v)
and CRC incorporated in Police Family Protection Unit (PFPU), providing specific
education curriculum services to women, children and the elderly in cases of
abuse, family conflicts, domestic violence. The PFPU has a
dedicated space as "Children's Corner",
Police Officers trained on child issues posted in the Family
Support Bureau where children cases are dealt with.
In year 2004, after the promulgation of the Ombudsperson
for Children Act 2003, the Brigade pour la Protection des
Mineurs was set up within the Mauritius Police Force to deal
more efficiently and effectively with cases where minors are
involved. This unit focuses on the protection of the child and
acts as a watchdog against child abuse
(iv) promote i) Existing effective (i) Through Community Policing, the police develops a network
community and civil partnership between with the public to have information on Child Abuse cases.
society Governments, NGOs and
organizations, CSOs Networking between Probation Service and the Ministry of
participation in Women's Rights, Police Prison, De-addiction and Rehabilitation
monitoring child Centres, Ombudsperson for children's Office, etc … exist.
rights abuses and Institutional care and Rehabilitation services are provided by
reform reporting NGOs to victims of abuse and abandonment.
processes for such
(v) Strengthen i) Existing law on i) The Civil Status Amendment Act 1981 provides for the
structures for compulsory birth registration registration of a birth:
registration of births - Within 45 days of the birth;
as soon as children - Where a birth has not been declared within 45 days, an order
are born, of a District Magistrate or of the Registrar of Civil Status is
particularly in the required; and
rural areas and - When the birth has not been registered before three months,
amongst nomadic an order from the District Magistrate is required.
communities. - Fast-track system of Tardy Declaration, in partnership with
other major stakeholders, set up since 2005 to register tardily
declared children quickly. This enables their entry to
schooling and access to other basic services, such as health.
ii) Is birth registration ii) registration of birth can be made at:
decentralised? - The Civil Status Office of the locality within the district in
which the birth took place or in which the parents resided at
the time of birth;
- The Central Civil Status Office (Head Office) in Port Louis
and 46 regional offices located within the nine districts across
iii)Existing facilities for birth iii) To facilitate birth registration, the law has been amended in
registration in rural areas 2004 whereby no witnesses are now required for the purpose of
and the nomad communities a birth registration. Only the parents/informant can register a
or mobile registration birth. Formerly two witnesses were required.
iv) Percentage of children iv) The percentage of registered births is almost 100% though
registered at birth; there are some cases of tardily declared children which is
insignificant on the overall.
v) Waivers of registration v) No fee is payable for birth registration. A first free copy is
fees to increase registration issued to the parents instantly.
especially in disadvantaged
(vi) Alleviate the i) Measures taken to i) Not applicable
humanitarian alleviate the sanctions
impact of sanctions
Objective: (i) Take urgent i) The status of ratification i) Government ratified the ILO conventions 182 on worst forms of
Enhance steps to eliminate of the ILO Convention 182 child labour in June 2000 and is committed to achieve full
protection of child labour, in on the Worst Forms of Child compliance with provisions of the Convention being
children particular, the worst Labour implemented.
against all forms of child ii)Status of implementation ii) Regular site inspections are effected by enforcement officers,
forms of labour, as defined of the Convention deterring the employment of children.
violence, in the ILO
abuse and Convention 182.
exploitation Those Member
States who have
not ratified the ILO
should do so
quickly and also put
mechanisms for its
(ii) Curb the i) Existence of legislation, i) Legislation: The Child Protection Act, amended in 2005, makes
growing programmes and national provision for cases of Child Trafficking, with harsher penalties
phenomenon of Plan of Action against child applied as sanction.
child trafficking trafficking;
through prevention ii) Number of children being ii) Under this section of Child Protection (Amendment) Act, no
and protection trafficked; case has been reported to the police up till now. However, the
measures for cases related to commercial sexual exploitation of children have
children as well as been reported to the Police under the Criminal Code Act
prosecution of iii) Number of child iii) A National Plan of Action on Commercial Sexual Exploitation
traffickers. Put in traffickers arrested and of Children was prepared in 2003, following two studies on
place effective jailed; CSEC carried out in 1997 and 2001.
bilateral Offences related to No. of Persons
agreements on Child Prostitution arrested (for year 2006)
border controls and
handling of victims Debauching Youth 6
of child trafficking;
Allowing child to be
sexually abused 1
person for immoral
iv) Legislation in place to iv) Child Protection Act
protect these children;
v) Agreement entered into v) Nil
with neighbouring countries
to curb trafficking of
vi) Success stories
(iii) Make use of the i) Existing agreement i) Nil
technical and entered into with ILO and
financial UNICEF to fight against
cooperation child labour;
provided by the ii) Percentage of children (ii) No information is available on worst forms of child labour.
ILO, UNICEF and victims of the worst forms of But, in 2006 less than 2% of the population aged 12 to 15 years
other international child labour; was employed.
agencies in iii) Existing policies and iii) The Labour Amendment Act 2004
elaborating their programmes against child
programmes and labour.
(iv) Protect children i) Special measures taken (i) Child Protection Act (1994) is the major Act in Mauritius
from all forms of to protect children against related to children. Other National laws have been harmonized in
violence torture and all forms of violence and line with the Convention on the Rights of the Child, with
take corrective ensure the respect of their Government undertaking a series of amendments to 23 pieces of
measures to ensure physical and mental legislation under the Protection of the Child (Miscellaneous
that children are integrity Protection) Act in 1998. For instance, amendments in laws,
treated in a manner ranging from the Cinematography Act, Civil Service Family
that respects their Protection Scheme Act, amongst others.
physical and mental
integrity. A Juvenile Detention Centre has been set up to keep children in
conflict with the law under the close supervision of the police
(v) Protect children i) Measures taken to protect (i)(a) Amendment of CPA in 2005, applying more severe
from sexual abuse children from sexual penalties in cases of child trafficking, abandonment and child
and exploitation violence and abuse; abduction and also in cases of sexual offences and indecent
through photographs of children.
partnerships with (b) The National Children’s Council disseminates, on a regular
the civil society to basis the Convention on the Rights of the Child as well as on
promote safe issues related sexual abuse of children through sensitization
homes, safe campaigns targeted to teachers, social workers, Ministries, NGO
schools, safe and the public in Women Centres and Social Welfare Centres, in
neighbourhoods addition to children of primary and secondary schools.
and communities. (c) Preventive work, awareness campaigns in schools, colleges
Establish and parenting sessions by M/Women’s Rights, CD, FW & CP,
alternative care M/Education and Probation Office are being carried out.
systems for (d)"Community Child Protection Programme", has been set up
children without by Ministry to involve whole community in the prevention,
families. reporting and rehabilitation of children victims of abuse, including
(e) Rescue operations carried out by ‘Brigade pour la Protection
de Mineurs’ – a unit which falls under the aegis of the Police
Department and which deals exclusively with children.
(f)Establishment of a Drop In Centre which is managed by NGO
to provide support, counselling to children victims of CSEC,
including sexual abuse in line with National Plan of Action on
ii) Programmes or policies ii) Foster care, providing children at high risk of abuse with a
encouraging local, formal substitute family to ensure their physical and emotional security.
adoptions and/or foster Several foster children are ultimately adopted.
care of OVCs within their
(vi) Sensitize i) Strategies implemented to (i) "Community Child Protection Programme", has been set up
children, families, sensitize the community as by Ministry to involve whole community in the prevention,
care givers and the well as prevent sexual reporting and rehabilitation of children victims of abuse,
communities on the violence; including CSEC.
consequences of ii)Rehabilitation programme (ii) A Drop-In-Centre, managed by NGO and financed by the
sexual exploitation. in place for victims of Ministry provides psychological counselling to children victims of
Address factors like violence and sexual CSEC, and ensures their rehabilitation and recovery, following
tourism, exploitation; their traumatic experience of being sexually abused. Also, a
pornography Residential Drop In Centre will be constructed to cater
cultural and exclusively for children victims of CSEC.
practices which Psychotherapy is provided to victims of Sexual Assault who are
encourage sexual interviewed with the help of psychologists. Counseling is also
exploitation. given to victims of Sexual Assault.
implement iii) Child protection (iii) (a) Institutions provide accommodation to abandoned
programmes for policies/codes of conduct children are registered under the Social Aids Act 1983of
rehabilitation for for organisations working M/Social Security. Abused children are also accommodated in
victims of sexual with children Institutions
exploitation; (b) Other Organisations for children are registered at the
National Children’s Council.
(c) A Protocol of Assistance to Victims of Sexual Assault is
operational since March 2006. The purpose of the Protocol is to
ensure a prompt and timely assistance to victims of sexual
(vii) Eliminate all i) Existence of harmful i) There are no harmful traditional practices which are deemed to
harmful traditional traditional practices be detrimental to the health of girls and women in Mauritius.
practices, which are detrimental to the health of
detrimental to girls' girls and women;
and women's rights ii) Existing policies, ii) Not Applicable
and health. Stop programmes and legislation
female genital to fight against these
mutilation and, practices;
support initiatives iii) Alternative non-harmful iii) Not Applicable
for alternative practices e.g. rites of
methods for passage encouraged and
socialization. Stop practiced within
early marriages and communities where HTP
enact and enforce exists.
age for girls;
(viii) Protect i) Policies in place to fight (i) Sensitizations are carried out by the Crime Prevention Unit
children from drug abuse; (CPU), M/Youth & Sports, M/Women’s Rights and ADSU on
substance abuse Drug Abuse.
by creating ii) Existence of national plan (ii) National Drug Control Master Plan (2004-2009) for the
widespread of action against drug abuse Republic of Mauritius, drafted under the expertise of the United
awareness on their and progress achieved in its Nations Office for Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
harmful effects as implementation
well as giving them
life coping skills.
monitor policies on
(ix) Develop and i) Status on programmes to i)(a) A number of facilities are provided to encourage disabled
implement cater for children needing children to attend schools including free transport; scholarship
programmes for special measures of scheme up to tertiary level; and all new State Secondary Schools
and with, children protection are now being provided with ramps and toilets for the Disabled.
in need of special (b) Wheelchairs, hearing aids and white canes are provided free
measures at local, of charge by the M/Social Security. Speech therapy is also
national and provided by the Audiology Unit of the M/Health & QL. Home
regional levels. Therapy programmes are offered in cases where individual
Promote access to attention is required.
and inclusion in (c) A National Policy Paper for Disabled is currently being
education, finalized by the M/Social Security involving all stakeholders.
activities and the
improvement of the
of Youth and
Objective: To (i) Enactment of i) Legislation and policies to (i) National Children's Council (NCC) Act 2003 makes provision
enforce necessary legal ensure effective and for a National Children's Committee, comprising boys and girls in
without delay measures to ensure meaningful participation of the age group of 15 to 18, elected from children's organizations.
the right of that children's children in policies
youth and views are taken into concerning them
children to account on issues
participate, relevant to their
and to have interests.
(ii) Legal reforms i) Laws facilitating public i) Not Applicable
necessary to interest litigation;
provide for public ii) Training of judicial ii) Not Applicable
interest or social officers;
action litigation on iii) Judgements from courts iii) Rehabilitation in the open/counselling. Follow up of minors
behalf of children on social action; placed on probation through casework and family counselling .
groups; iv) Legislation impacting on iv) Juvenile Offender's Act
children. Child Protection Act
Divorce and Judicial Separation Act
(iii) Special i) Inclusion of girls’ (i) Girls are not excluded in any activities and can participate fully
attention to the participation as boys.
of any legal reforms
(iv) Strengthening i) Measures taken to i) The Ministry of Youth & Sports is actually developing a
of groups that strengthen Youth synergy with youth clubs on this issue
represent youth Council/Organisations;
(v) Facilitation of i) Existence of children’s i) Nil
freedom of parliament in your country
youth and children,
(vi) Support i) Dissemination of the (i) The National Children’s Council disseminates, on a regular
widespread child African Charter to basis the Convention on the Rights of the Child through
rights education, communities and in schools; sensitization campaigns targeted to teachers, social workers,
within traditional Ministries and NGO, in addition to children of primary and
communities, ii) Organisation of training secondary schools.
amongst children sessions on children’s rights (ii) The police carry out training on Child Abuse and Rights of
and youth in for the armed forces, police, Children for:
schools and out of media, peace keepers, Recruits
schools, at health provider, the judiciary Promotional courses
institutions of and the community; Refresher courses for experience officers
higher learning, Specialized courses on this issue for staff of Police Family
within the media, Protection Unit, Brigade Pour la Protection Des Mineurs
police, armed and Child Protection Unit
forces and peace iii) Budget allocated for the (iii) Figures not available.
keepers, health training sessions.
judiciary and all
from the local level
to the national
(vii) Support i) Inclusion of culture and (i) Culture & tradition is included in school curricula
initiatives to tradition in school curricula
increase for children;
understanding of ii) Research carried out on (ii) The ODEROI is conducting a study on adolescent education,
African traditional the perceptions and productive work, adolescent health, violence and exploitation,
values, practices practices related to the drug abuse, leisure, macro environment and to analyze
and cultural rights of children and their adolescents and adults perceptions on adolescents in terms of
perceptions of participation. the above issues The objective of the study is to influence
children in relation decision-making and the promotion of child friendly policies, at
to child rights in the national level as well as to favor the development of
particular and strategies and advocacy for child rights promotion at the
children's international level.
(viii) Support the role i) Existing programmes for i) Not available
of youth in peace- youth in peace-building
particularly in post-
(ix) Facilitation of i) Number of national and i) UN Special Session
participation of international fora on Cultural Exchange Programme with India (Bal Bhawan)
youth and children children and youth and in
in international for which they have
a concerning participated
issues relevant to
(x) Networking, i) Existing networks of i) A networking of 22 Youth Centres
communication and communication and A networking of 24 Kites clubs at the Ministry of Women’s
information sharing information among children Rights
among youth and and youth organisations Buddies clubs (Ombudsperson for Children Office)
children. Students Councils at level of schools
6. Other (i) Social i) Conduct of sensitization (i) Prevention work on social issues in schools, colleges,
Actions mobilization shall and advocacy campaigns Community Centres. Talks also on rights and responsibilities of
be intensified so on the rights and well-being children are being carried out by the M/Women’s Rights, CD, FW
that all sections of of children; & CP, Ombudsperson for Children’s Office and Probation Office .
society will be Community development on Child Welfare/Child Protection by
urged to take action the Child Development Unit
for the well-being of ii) Regular celebration of the (ii) The Day of the African Child is regularly celebrated by the
children and the Day of the African Child Ministry of Women's Rights, Child Development, Family Welfare
protection of their & Consumer Protection, National Children’ Council and the
rights. Office of the Ombudsperson.
(ii) Strong i) Provide details on the i) Regular consultations are held to seek views and comments
partnership shall be creation of such a on the preparation of Policies and Action Plans on children.
created with partnership
leader, children, the
political leaders as
well as civil society
order to advocate
for the rights of
children and to
(iii) It is crucial and i) Status of translation of the (i) The African Charter has not been translated, per se in the
necessary to run African Charter in local local language for dissemination. However, the African Charter
child rights languages and its has been translated in English and French and publications in
popularization dissemination the form of posters and booklets which are in a child-friendly
programmes in all language has been undertaken, on articles related to the
languages including Convention on the Rights of the Child by the National Children's
national languages. Council.
(iv) Community i) Existing mechanism on (i) The Ministry works in collaboration with a range of
participation, which the participation of the stakeholders including NGOs, members of the Civil Society in
seeks active and people in the designing of the design and formulation of policies. Consultative workshops
genuine policies for children and meetings are held, followed by validation workshops with
involvement of the these stakeholders in the development of policies/programmes.
people especially This process is undertaken for any policy paper, including the
the children and Early Childhood Development Policy, National Children's Policy
women, in the (2003), Plan of Action on National Children's Plan (2004) and
designing of National Family Policy (2007).
children and youth,
shall be vigorously
(v) Strengthen i) Existing Plan of Action on (i) The National Family Policy, which has been launched in the
family units; the family; month of May this year, will be followed by an Action Plan. Same
revitalize the is being worked out currently by a team of Consultants.
extended family to
fulfil its traditional ii) Existing family law ; (ii) Civil Code, Protection from Domestic Violence Act (PVDA)
role and functions (1999) and amendments to PVDA in 2004.
related to social
integration and iii)Status of programmes to (iii) (a) Programmes designed to educate families: "Zero
security, and educate families and budget Tolerance Clubs" and "Men as Partners" are programmes
reform adverse or allocated especially designed to sensitize the communities, including men
harmful customary in the prevention against Domestic Violence and emphasize on
practices and their positive roles and responsibilities within their respective
biases, whilst families.
cultural and (b) National Parental Empowerment Programme to empower
traditional practices parents in the holistic development of their children as well as
that enhance moral providing skills in conflict resolution and parenting skills.
and ethical values.
(vi) Governments i) Existing interaction with i) Debt cancellation is not an issue for Mauritius. The Ministry of
should advocate the International Community Finance is canvassing the International Development Community
and negotiate with to unlock AFT (Aid for Trade) resources to enable the integration
the international of Least Developing Countries and Developing Countries in the
community and international economy both through the regional route and on a
financial institutions bilateral basis as per the scope and objectives of the WTO
such as the World recommendations. The Government also support the EASSY
Bank and IMF for (Eastern Africa Submarine System) project as a means to
debt cancellation; connect Easter Africa and Indian Ocean Islands to the rest of the
increased World. The Government is also improving the investment
development aid; régime.
and assistance in
technology as steps
in reviving African
(vii) Governments i) Budget allocated to social (i) Budget allocated to Social Development : Rs 26,840 M.
should mobilize development;
human and ii) Existing strategic ii) Trust Fund for the Social Integration of Vulnerable Group
financial resources framework on poverty Action Plan.
from private and reduction
budgets and ensure
(viii) Governments i) Existing research (i) Existing research/research being conducted on childhood: An
should contribute to programmes on childhood Observatory for the Rights of the Child has been set up to
the strengthening of as well as research being ensure a follow up of Children's Rights and create a database on
research capacities conducted; social development of the child on a regional basis, i.e, for 5
on childhood countries of the Indian Ocean.
establishment ii) Number of research ii) Periodical Reports are published, to enable comparative
and/or conducted and the analysis of data and the recommendations made will allow
consolidation of the utilization of the results of countries to take necessary actions and develop policies and
research networks the research programmes for the overall welfare of the child.
on childhood in
Africa, with a view
to develop close
advocacy in favour
of childhood in
Reshema Anoman/C: Project 2001/Report Achievement