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					                                          Questionnaire

Identification:

Country’s Name                                 MAURITIUS
Ministries in Charge of Children issues        Ministry of Women’s Rights, Child
                                               Development, Family Welfare & Consumer
                                               Protection

Address:                                       CSK Building, Cnr E. Anquetil & Remy
                                               Ollier Streets, Port Louis

Tel:                                           020 2062700
Fax:                                           020 2162061
E-mail:                                        mwrcdfwcp@mail.gov.mu

Other Ministries dealing with issues related   Ministry of Education & HR
to children                                    Ministry of Health & QL
                                               Ministry of Youth & Sports
                                               Ministry of Labour, IR & Employment
                                               Ministry of Social Security, NS & SCW



Structure mandated to follow-up on the         Ministry of Women’s Rights, Child
implementation of action plans for children    Development, Family Welfare & Consumer
                                               Protection


Address:                                       CSK Building, Cnr E. Anquetil & Remy
                                               Ollier Streets, Port Louis
Tel:
Fax:                                           020 2062700
E-mail:                                        020 2162061
                                               mwrcdfwcp@mail.gov.mu
Date




                                                                                        1
PART I

Initiatives taken in safeguarding the best interest of the child in all development matters
Sn       Actions required                                 Country Status

  1.     Ratify the African Charter on the Rights         Mauritius acceded to the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child in
         and Welfare of the Child                         July 1990 and ratified same in February 1992. The charter came into force in
                                                          November 1999.

  2.     Implement the provisions of the Charter          - Child Protection Act enacted in 1994 and amended in 2005 to provide better
                                                          safeguard of children against trafficking, abandonment and abduction
                                                          - Labour Laws amended in 2006 to raise minimum age of employment from 15 to 16
                                                      -   Education is free from pre-primary to tertiary. The Education Amendment Act 2004
                                                          makes it compulsory for any child to attend school up to the age of 16
                                                      -   The Ombudsperson for Children Act was passed in 2003 and amended in 2005.
                                                          The Office of the Ombudsperson for Children was set up in 2003
                                                      -   The National Adoption Council Act enacted in 1987 makes provision for the
                                                          adoption of Mauritian children by foreigners
                                                      -   The National Children’s Council Act 2003 makes provision for children’s
                                                          participation through children’s Committees
                                                      -   The Civil Status Amendment Act was amended in 2004 to strengthen the obligation
                                                          for either the father or the mother to declare the birth of their child, even if the child
                                                          is born in an asylum, a prison or other institution, save in specified circumstances

  3.     Accede to or ratify other regional and           - Ratified Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990.
         international instruments on children            - Ratified ILO Convention on the Worst Forms of Labour in June 2000.
                                                          - Signed the Hague Convention on Civil Aspects of Child Abduction in 1993.
                                                          - Signed Optional Protocol on CRC on Involvement of Children in Armed Conflicts
                                                          and on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution, Child Pornography in 2001.
                                                          - Signed the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and People's Rights on the
                                                          Rights of Women in Africa. The Ratification is in process.

  4.     Legislate and domesticate international          - Amendments were brought to the Child Protection Act in 2005
         instruments into National Legislations           - The Labour Act was amended in 2006 to raise the age of employment from 15 to
                                                          16
                                                          - The Education Amendment Act 2004 makes it compulsory for any child to attend
                                                             school up to the age of 16

                                                                                                                                                   2
5.   Reporting on Implementation of the         - Mauritius presented its combined Initial and Second Report covering the period
     African Charter on the Rights and          2000-2004 to the African Union in June 2005.
     Welfare of the Child

6.   Provide Institutional                      - Creation of Child Development Unit in 1995 to implement the Child Protection Act
     responses/programmes to address            (CPA) 1994.
     Children's problems                        - National Children's Council Act 1990 amended in 2003 and 2005
                                                - Ombudsperson for Children Office was created in 2003.
                                                - Observatory for the Rights of the Child set up at the University of Mauritius by
                                                UNICEF and Indian Ocean Commission in 2003.
                                                - Brigade Pour la Protection des Mineurs was set up by the Police Department in
                                                2004.
                                                - Sexual Assault Unit was created by the Ministry of Health in 2006
                                                - Drop-In-Centre for Victims of CSEC which is run by an NGO was set up in 2003

                                                - Shelter for children victims of abuse and women victims of domestic violence run
                                                by the Ministry:

                                                Programmes to address children’s problems:
                                                - Early Childhood Care & Development
                                                - Foster Care System (2002)
                                                - Tardy Declaration
                                                - Child Mentoring
                                                - Creativity Centres for Children and participation of children
                                                -Correctional Youth Centres

                                                - Board of visitors from Correctional Youth Centres meet regularly to review
                                                   problems of adolescent detainees
                                                - Visits of Ombudsperson to children in prison on a regular basis

7.   Take measures to empower the NGOs,         - Parental Empowerment Programme launched in 2007 to provide skills to parents
     Community-based Organisations, Faith       to deal with children
     based organizations as well as the Civil    - Community Child Protection Programme will be set up shortly
     Society on Child's Rights/Child Welfare
     issues

8.   Conduct Outreach Programmes in hard        - Parental Empowerment Programmes given to parents in high risk regions
     to reach areas                             - Outreach programmes are conducted by CDU and NCC
                                                                                                                                 3
9.    Plan and make good use of aids from        No aids from Donors.
      Donors and Partners

10.   Set up appropriate mechanism for the       - Observatory for rights of the child has been set up in the region. The Observatory
      collection of disaggregated data for       collects information and data on child rights, analyse the data in comparison to
      analysis and applied research in child's   different countries and prepare reports
      rights and child welfare.




                                                                                                                                    4
PART II

1.     What were the immediate actions taken at national level to implement the Declaration and Plan of Action including
raising awareness and popularizing them?

       National Children’s Policy (NCP) was prepared in 2003
       National Plan of Action (NPA) was prepared in 2004 based on the National Children’s Policy
       National Plan of Action on Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) was prepared in 2002

2.       Were existing structures used to implement the Declaration and Plan of Action or were new structures established?

Both existing and new structures were used.


Existing Structures:
         Child Development Unit
         National Children’s Council
         Creativity Centre for Children

New Structures:
     Ombudsperson for children’s Office
     Brigade pour la Protection des Mineurs

3.     Has your country developed a National Plan of Action to realize the rights of children and develop programmes to that
effect? Is it focused on the priority areas as identified in the Plan of Action? If yes, briefly describe the process: key
departments, agencies and partners involved, the calendar of activities, its financing modalities, achievements realized so far
and constraints encountered?

Yes

(a)      National Children’s Policy (NCP) 2003

The Ministry of Women’s Rights, Child Development and Family Welfare with the assistance of UNICEF prepared a National Children’s
Policy with a view to establish linkages with all relevant Government Institutions and NGOs, to co-ordinate and monitor children’s

                                                                                                                                5
policies. The adoption of the NCP is an important step taken by Government in its commitment to human rights generally and to child
rights and welfare specifically.
(b)    National Plan of Action (NPA)
A National Plan of Action (NPA) was prepared with a view to implementing the policy statements stipulated in the National Children’s
Policy (NCP). The discussion process in the preparation of the NPA with stakeholders aimed at:
              Streamlining the objectives and action areas ensuing directly from the objectives already outlined in the NCP;
              Stating responsibility/ies of parties involved in implementation;
              Proposing measures for evaluating the effectiveness of such actions and programmes;
              Examining the possibility of immediate launching of actions and programmes for each core policy area;
              Following the Rights-based approach; and
              Addressing the Key issues of Participation, Community Development, Partnership Development, Information, Communication
               and Research, and Institutional Mechanisms and Legislations outlined in the Policy Document.

(c)    National Plan of Action on Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC)
The Government of Mauritius is firmly committed to the survival, development and protection of children from any form of abuse and
exploitation. Sexual abuse and commercial sexual exploitation have been a special concern for the Ministry.

A National Plan of Action (NPA) on CSEC was prepared in order to prevent and progressively eliminate CSEC and also to protect
CSEC victims and ensure their recovery and integration in society. While preparing the NPA, an integrated and holistic approach has
been adopted for the implementation of activities on protection of children. It has a broad scope geared towards the overall protection of
children from any forms of abuse including commercial sexual exploitation in line with existing legislation and the provisions of the CRC.
The objective of the NPA is to ensure the protection of our children from any form of abuse and the creation of a conducive environment
within the family and the civil society. It also aims at developing strategies and activities to be implemented by all stakeholders including
Government Institutions, the Private Sector, Non-Governmental Organisations, the Community and the family for the best interests of
the child. The NPA is based on the four components of the Agenda of Action Against CSEC adopted at Stockholm as follows:

       (i)        Coordination and Cooperation;
       (ii)       Prevention;
       (iii)      Protection; and
       (iv)       Recovery and Reintegration.

4.    Is the Declaration and Plan of Action being utilized to guide your Ministries in the formulation of programmes for
children? Give at least three examples.

Yes

                                                                                                                                           6
      Examples:
      (i)   Development of National Children’s Policy
      (ii)  Development of National Plan of Action
      (iii) Creation of an Ombudsperson for Children’s Office

5.   What working relationship have you established with NGOs, regional Organisation and other Organisations in
implementing the Plan of Action?

National Consultations were held with Government institution, private sector and NGOs to develop the National Plan of Action. A High
Level Steering Committee was set up with all of them to monitor the implementation of the National Plan of Action.

6.    Have you included children activities in your Poverty Reducing Strategy Papers (PRSP)?

Yes

7.    What is the percentage of the national budget allocated for financing activities on children and the implementation of
the Plan of Action? Are funds also being mobilized to supplement the national budget?

The budget of the Ministry for child welfare and child development is Rs 24.255 Millions for year 2007-2008

8.     Actions taken to disseminate the Declaration and Plan of Action among the Civil Society and private sector with a view
to informing them and encouraging them to participate in the implementation process, in particular, to providing assistance
and financing resources.

The National Children’s Policy and the National Plan of Action were launched in June 2003 and June 2004 respectively and these
documents were disseminated among Government Institutions, Private Sector, NGOs and CBOs. The National Children Council which
operates under the aegis of the Ministry, seeks sponsorship from the private sector to carry out activities on the rights of the child.




                                                                                                                                     7
PART III: Report on Achievements with regard to the African Common Position – Africa Fit for Children

Areas          Recommended                  Indicators         Results Achieved
               Actions             (Indicative not exhaustive)




                                                                                                        8
1. Enhancing (i)             Provide i) Policies, laws, budget     1. Universal Basic Benefits
the         life assistance      and allocated to support family
chances          protection of family (social benefit)             (a) A monthly child allowance (Rs 750 for children under 10
                 units    and     the                              years and Rs 804 for children over 10 years) is paid in favour of
                 extended      family                              each dependent child whose parent qualifies for a Widows
                 system.                                           Pension, Invalidity Pension and Retirement Pension.
Objective: to
ensure     that                                                    (b) An orphan's Pension (of Rs 1283 for an orphan under 15
every child in                                                     years and Rs 2360 for one over 3 years, and in full-time
Africa has a                                                       education) is paid to the guardian of each orphan. The guardian
good start in                                                      also receives an allowance for looking after them (Rs 565.00 per
life, and to                                                       months)
grow       and
develop       in                                                   2. Social Aid
child friendly,
nurturing                                                          This means tested scheme targets the poorest section of the
environment                                                        population. A monthly child allowance ranging from Rs 342 to Rs
of        love,                                                    880 is paid to the qualifying parents in favour of each dependent
acceptance,                                                        child.
peace,
security and                                                       This scheme also makes provision for:
dignity
                                                                      The payment of a monthly carer's allowance of Rs 1647 in
                                                                       favour of a severely sick child, and a compassionate
                                                                       allowance in favour of a sick child and refund of traveling
                                                                       expenses for attending regular medical treatment;

                                                                      Issue of assistive devices such as spectacles and hearing
                                                                       aid;

                                                                      Full refund of examination fees.

                                                                   3. Unemployment Hardship Relief

                                                                    For every children under the age of 10 – Rs 114 per month
                                                                    For every children between the age of 10 to 15 – Rs 136 per
                                                                     month
                                                                    For every children between the age of 15 to 20 who
                                                                                                                                9
                                                                     (i) is receiving full time education – Rs 190 per month
(ii) Ensure proper       i) Existence of adult literacy   (i) Adult Literacy Programmes are run in Women Centres. A
growth           and     programme;                       total number of 6150 women benefited from adult literacy course
development        of                                     during the period 1986-2005. literacy programmes are also
children     through                                      carried out for detainees.
provision         of     ii) Adult literacy rate;         (ii) As per 2000 Population Census, 84.3% of the population
education,       and                                      aged 15 years and over are literate
information        to    iii) Rate of assisted child      (iii) 17,924 assisted child birth.
families, caregivers     birth;
and the community        iv) Under-five mortality rate;   (iv)As at 2005, under 5 mortality rate for Mauritius was 15. 9
on health, early                                          whereas, infant mortality rate, during the same period rated at
childhood care and                                        13.2 for 1000 live births.
development              v) Malnutrition rate for         (v)No statistics is available concerning malnutrition rate for
services,        and     children under five              children under 5.
nutrition;

(iii)        Intensify i) Existence of Measles and        i) Number of children vaccinated against Measles, Mumps,
immunization             polio immunization               Rubela (MMR) in Year 2006 – 16,020 91.0% live births.
programmes to meet       programmes;                      Number of children vaccinated against Polio in Yr 2006 15,603
the     set goals on                                      (in Public Sector) 88.6% live births.
immunization.                                             In 2005 26,455 women received Tetanus Texoid.
Expand        National   ii) Current rate of              ii) Children immunized against Diphteria, Whooping cough,
Immunization Days to                                      tetanus and hepatitis B (3rd dose) in Public Sector – 15,571 –
                         immunization;
include services for
                                                          88.4% live births.
mothers to allow
them to take care of     iii) Programme on family         iii) Health Education on: Nutrition, Importance of Antenatal care,
their    own   health    care;                            Breastfeeding, weaning of children, Family Planning, Importance
together with that of    iv) Number of women              of Immunization and Child care.
the children;            benefiting from ante and         iv)Antenatal examinations by Doctor (first attendance) in Yr 2005
                         post-natal consultations;        – 15,929 (in Public sector)
                                                          Postnatal examinations by Doctor (first attendances in Yr 2005-
                         v) Existing cooperation with     8, 173 (in Public Sector)
                         partners such as WHO,            v) Technical support from WHO. No funding for Immunisation
                         UNICEF etc. in the field of      programme.
                         immunization




                                                                                                                          10
(iv)         Increase i) Budget allocated to           i) Rs. 702.5 M for financial year 2007-2008
national budgetary primary health care
allocation to the
health          sector
particularly to the
primary health care
sector.
Governments shall
commit themselves
to            mobilize
domestic          and
external resources
including
sensitizing
communities         to
establish      special
health funds in
order to restore the
weak or collapsed
health services in
their      respective
countries.

(v) Expand primary     i) Current rate of antenatal    i) Proportion of women receiving minimum one antenatal care =
health    care    to   care                            100%
include                ii) Current rate of postnatal   ii) Proportion of women receiving minimum one postnatal care =
reproductive health    care                            100%
services,      safe    iii) Current rate of maternal   iii) Maternal mortality rate = 0.22 per 1,000 livebirths. Neonatal
delivery units and     mortality and neo-natal;        mortality rate = 10.1 per 1,000 livebirths
antenatal      and     iv) Rate of maternal            iv) Not available
postnatal care and     morbidity and neo-natal;
focus on reduction     v) Existing training            v) Training are ongoing
of maternal and        programme for health care
neonatal mortality     providers
and       morbidity.   vi) Budget allocated to         vi)The budget allocated to health sector for financial year
Develop        new     health                          2006/2007 was 7.23% of the national budget
training
programmes      for
                                                                                                                       11
primary health care
providers in order
to    make    these
services possible.

(vi)       Integrate    i) Deaths due to HIV/AIDS;   i) 204 deaths were notified among the 3034 registered HIV
programmes        for                                positive persons.
HIV/AIDs,               ii) Current programme on     ii) All pregnant women attending the Antenatal Clinic (ANC) are
Tuberculosis,           mother-to-child transmission screened for HIV representing 95% of all pregnancies. Free
hepatitis and other     of HIV/AIDS;                 Antiretroviral treatment (ART) is given to pregnant women during
infectious diseases                                  the last semester of pregnancy and to the newborn for 6 weeks.
in primary health                                    Free artificial milk is provided to the newborn for 2 years.
care services, in                                    Caesarian section is preferred to normal delivery.
particular       the    iii) Deaths due to           iii) Not available
prevention         of   tuberculosis, hepatitis and
mother to child         other infectious diseases
HIV/AIDs
transmission




                                                                                                                   12
(vii) Implement the                               i) Presently we do not have indigenous cases. All the cases
                      i) Current rate of malaria in
2000         Abuja    the country                 detected are imported ones. In 2006, 38 imported cases were
Declaration     and                               detected in the country.
Plan of Action on     ii) Existence of preventive ii)All aircrafts coming from or transiting through malarious
Roll Back Malaria     programme                   countries are controlled by Health inspectors. All incoming
and observe April                                 passengers from countries where malaria is endemic , are
25th of each year                                 enlisted at the Port and the Airport. Migrant workers from
as Africa Malaria                                 endemic countries are screened at the point of entry by way of a
Control Day;                                      blood smear. Passive surveillance is also encouraged in all
                                                  health institutions. The Central Laboratory of Victoria Hospital
                                                  has a department specifically earmarked for the diagnosis of
                                                  Malaria. Treatment of Malaria is free for all patients. Spraying of
                                                  residual insecticide, using Technical DDT, is carried out. Regular
                                                  larvicying activities are undertaken all over the island throughout
                                                  the year. All passengers traveling to endemic countries are
                                                  supplied, free of charge with anti-malarial drugs for prophylaxis.
                      iii)Existing declaration on iii) Radio broadcast (both in Creole and bhojpuri), of information
                      Africa Malaria Control Day  on malaria was undertaken during the week 23-27 April 2007.
                                                  This activity coincided with the Africa Malaria Control Day which
                                                  is celebrated on 25 April of each year




                                                                                                                   13
(viii) Ensure food      i) Percentage of population    (i) Figures not available
security of families    under minimum level of
and communities,        dietary energy consumption;
give education and      ii) Number of beneficiaries    ii) Ongoing talks on nutrition are carried at regional level by
information       on    of IEC/CC Nutrition;           nutritionist posted in the 5 health regions. Radio as well as
timely           and                                   television programmes are also carried out.
appropriate             iii) Existing community-       (iii) The Nutritional Status of children aged 0-5 years is monitored
complementary           based programmes to            through a Nutritional Surveillance System. Weights of children
feeding          and    control the nutritional status attending EPI sessions are compiled in to a quarterly bulletin.
improve health care     of women and children          Problem cases are detected and counseled about diet and
services to reduce                                     treated for medical problem.
malnutrition.
Promote                                                The Health & Physical Education Teacher’s guide for primary
community-based                                        schools include the following:
strategies that help                                   Standard I : Foods
in monitoring the                                      Standard II : Food, lunch, dinner, Fruits and Vegetables, milk,
nutritional status of                                  water, beverages
women            and                                   Standard III : Food groups, food for energy, food for growth, food
children.                                              variety in meals, eating safe foods, eating unsafe foods
                                                       Standard IV: Food in relation to growth, food in relation to
                                                       energy, food in relation to protection.
                                                       Standard V: A Diet, Balanced diet, excess of food intake, effects
                                                       of food deficiency, food from hawkers and the school canteen,
                                                       packet foods: salt, sugar and coloring, expiry dates.

                                                       The school curriculum also provides information on health and
                                                       safety

                                                       Prospective mothers sensitized on benefits of breastfeeding,
                                                       infant care and managing common illnesses of childhood, whilst
                                                       attending to ante-natal care in Health Centres.




                                                                                                                         14
     (ix)     Strengthen      i) Percentage of the           i)Vitamin A and Iodine deficiency are not public health concerns
     measures           to    population receiving Vitamin   in the Republic of Mauritius, therefore no Vitamin A supplements
     eliminate     iodine     A supplement                   are provided.
     deficiency disorders     ii) Percentage of population   ii) Sea salt is utilized but it is not iodized.
     by     the     2005,     using iodized salt
     Vitamin             A
     deficiency disorders
     and anaemia by the
     year 2010.

     (x)      Strengthen      i) Action taken to promote     i)Regular talks on drinking water quality is conducted in schools
     measures           to    hygiene education in the       by the Ministry of Health and Quality of Life
     increase access to       community;
     safe water and           ii) Percentage of the         ii) As per Household and Population Census 2000, 98.9% of the
     improve sanitation.      population having access to   population has access to safe water and sanitary facilities. The
     Promote      hygiene     safe water;                   types of water supply include piped water and supply by tank
     education           in                                 wagon.
     schools and in the       iii) Percentage of population iii) As per 2000 Housing Census 88.9% of the population having
     community. Involve       with sanitary facilities;     access to Flush toilet whereas 10.9% having access to Pit
     women       in    the                                  latrine.
     planning, installing     iv) Number of schools         (iv) As at 2006, the existing 290 primary schools and 189
     and        managing      having water and sanitary     secondary schools were all provided with water and sanitary
     water            and     facilities                    facilities. All schools have piped drinking water and water tank
     sanitation systems.                                    on the premises. Water tanks are examined and certified safe by
                                                            the Ministry of Health.
     (xi) Prepare a code      i) Status of existing family          Mauritius amended its Civil Code in 1999 to provide for
     of ethics governing      law                               the child to be heard in court in any case which concerns him
     the behaviour and                                          or her, and protect his or her property.
     attitudes     within                                           The Protection from Domestic Violence Act, enacted in
     families and the                                           1997, was proclaimed in 1997 to provide protection to spouses
     society.                                                   victims of domestic violence. The Act was amended in 2004 to
                                                                broaden its scope, to cover all cases of domestic violence
                                                                (physical, verbal, moral) against the victimized spouse and the
                                                                children against acts of violence committed by persons living
                                                                under the same roof.

2.   (i) Resort to all        i) Existing programmes on      i) Preventive Programmes on HIV/AIDs are guided by the Multi-

                                                                                                                             15
Overcoming        available means         prevention of HIV/AIDS           Sectoral HIV and AIDs Strategic Plan 2001-2005 and National
HIV/AIDs          including ethical,                                       Multi-Sectoral Strategic Framework 2007-2011, which include
                  moral and                                                "Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission" (PMTCT), Post
Objective:        traditional values to                                    Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) in case of accidental injuries,
Africa must       prevent HIV/AIDs                                         including rape and Needle Exchange Programme (NEP).
overcome
HIV/AIDS in
order to fulfil
children's
rights to
survival and
development

                  (ii) Improve access     i) Existing programmes to        i) a Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission Project was set
                  to programmes for       prevent        mother-to-child   up whereby HIV test is offered after counseling to all pregnant
                  prevention of           HIV/AIDS transmission;           women
                  mother to child         ii) Existing programmes and      ii) Free Antiretroviral treatment (ART) is given to pregnant
                  HIV/AIDs                budget allocated to treat        women during the last semester of pregnancy and to the
                  transmissions,          infected      mothers     and    newborn for 6 weeks. Free artificial milk is provided to the
                  increase access to      children                         newborn for 2 years. Caesarian section is preferred to normal
                  care, support and                                        delivery.
                  treatment for
                  infected mothers        iii) Number of pregnant          iii) 170 pregnancies
                  and their children      women      infected      by
                  and share identified    HIV/AIDS;
                  best practices on       iv) Number of infected           iv) 15 children were infected
                  how to reduce           children;
                  transmission;           v) Number of children under      v) 8 prior to PMTCT programme and 7 after. All did not follow
                                          treatment                        ANC or were not compliant to treatment.

                  (iii)        Support    i) Existing legislation, policy i) The issue of orphans of AIDS parents has not been studied
                  community               and programmes to support yet. The number of cases is estimated to be quite low.
                  initiatives to help     families and OVCs;
                  families        and     ii) Legislation or policies on ii) Article 346 of Civil Code
                  communities cope        formal, domestic adoptions;
                  with HIV/AIDs and
                  establish               iii)   Budget   allocated   to iii) Exact figures not available

                                                                                                                                        16
mechanisms        for assist families and children;
alternative care for iv) Specific legislation on iv) There are legislations and other social programmes to cater
children orphaned inheritance by orphans            for children affected and infected by HIV/AIDs.
by AIDs and other
vulnerable children.
Enact       relevant
legislation        to
protect the rights of
people affected by
HIV/AIDs including
orphans          and
widows;

(iv) Strengthen       i) Policies, budget allocated   (i)
information,          to educate youth on               HIV/AIDS issues included in primary school curriculum
education and         HIV/AIDS and Reproductive         HIV/AIDS issues covered in biology curriculum of secondary
communication for     Health;                               schools
and with children                                       Poster competition, drama competition on HIV/AIDS to
and youth to                                                sensitize youth
increase                                                Information pamphlet distributed to students
awareness on                                            Teacher training for all secondary schools on HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDs, to foster                                     Visiting resource persons from Ministry of Health and Quality
positive attitudes                                          of Life and NGOs.
toward those                                            Policy of MoE & HR: in line with national priority of
affected and reduce                                         combating HIV/AIDS
stigmatization and                                      Budget: Health & Anti Drug Section: Rs 200,000 yearly, in
exclusion;                                                  addition to support from AIDS Secretariat of MoH & QL
                      ii) Availability of             (ii) Family planning services are available in Community and
                      contraceptive                   Area Health Centres across the country where contraceptives
                                                      are given free of charge.
                      iii) Percentage of youth        iii) % of youth with HIV
                      affected by HIV/AIDS;           Up to 9 – 0.5%
                                                      15-19 years: 3.0%
                                                      20-24 years 14.9%
                      iv) Number of child-headed      (iv) As per 2000 Population Census, 40 of the 296,000 heads of
                      household                       households were under 18 years


                                                                                                                     17
(v) Promote holistic   i) Proportion of youth aware i) 60% of youth aware of preventive measures.
health care            of prevention measures for
services, in           HIV/AIDS;
particular, improve    ii) Percentage of voluntary ii) Up to 9 – 0.5%
access to              testing among youth;           15-19 years: 3.0%
reproductive health                                   20-24 years 14.9%
information,           iii)    Current      existing iii) Talks targeting students of secondary schools, out of school
counselling and        preventive programme           youth on HIV/AIDS and SRH. Regular screening tests are
voluntary testing                                     carried out on detainees
services for           iv)       Existence         of (iv) Sensitization programmes on HIV and AIDs already being
HIV/AIDs. Involve      modules/elements           on carried out in schools. Ministry of Education in the process of
children and youth     sexual education in school including HIV infection in school curriculum for both children and
in developing and      curricula                      adolescents.
implementing                                          The Modules are under preparation for introduction in Std V & VI
programmes aimed
at changing high-
risk behaviour
among young
people. Introduce
sexual education in
school curricula
and include
programmes on
HIV/AIDs
prevention;

(vi) Enact and         i) Existing legislation with    i) It is Government’s policy to supply medicine free of charge. .
utilize appropriate    regard to supply of
legislation and        medicines;
international trade    ii) Availability of anti-       ii) Anti- Retro Viral (ARV) Therapy is provided free of charge to
regulations to         retroviral drugs;               all patients, including children, who thus benefit from quality
ensure availability                                    treatment, based on European Standards on ARV treatment.
of drugs including
anti-retro-viral       iii) Is ARV affordable to the   iii) Pregnant women are given free ARV treatment, and babies
drugs at affordable    population?                     are supplied with free artificial milk for 2 years.
prices, production
of pertinent           iv) Percentage of subsidy       iv) 100% subsidy on drugs
pharmaceuticals        on the drugs
                                                                                                                           18
and technologies
for the care and
treatment of those
affected by
HIV/AIDs.

(vii) Enact            i) Measures taken to ensure
legislation, where     accessibility and
necessary, to          maintenance of OVCs in
ensure that there is   school;
no discrimination in   ii) Status on existing           (ii) The HIV and AIDs Act, passed in Parliament in December
school or workplace    legislation on discrimination    2006, was enacted to protect people living with HIV and AIDs
against children       against people living with       from discrimination.
and young people       HIV/AIDS
living with
HIV/AIDs.

(viii) Establish a     i) Existing policy on impact     (i) A National Strategic Framework for period 2007-2011 has
multi-sectoral         of HIV/AIDS on child             been prepared and the objectives of which are to:
national policy on     development                        "reduce the transmission of HIV among the most vulnerable
the impact of                                           groups", including women and "address the social, economic
HIV/AIDs on child                                       and environmental HIV and AIDs vulnerability factors among
development and                                         marginalized communities".
involve all
stakeholders           ii) Budget allocated for this    (ii) Budget allocated for HIV and AIDs: Rs. 2.4 M for year 2006/
                       campaign                         2007 prevention campaigns

(ix) Ensure that       i) Number of children in         i) Not applicable for Mauritius
children affected by   conflict situation affected by
conflicts including    HIV/AIDS
refugee and            ii) Existing preventing          ii) Not applicable
Internally Displaced   programmes in refugee
Children (IDC) are     camps etc.
included in
HIV/AIDs
prevention and
response

                                                                                                                           19
                 programmes and
                 that such
                 programmes are
                 viewed as an
                 essential
                 component of all
                 humanitarian relief
                 and assistance.

3. Realizing     Governments             i) Measures taken to                  Compulsory education up to age of 16 introduced by
the Rights to    should:                 implement the objectives of            Education (Amendment) Act of 2004
Education        (i) Rededicate          the OAU Decade of                     Education is free at primary, secondary and tertiary level.
                 themselves to the       Education in Africa (1997-             Free transport is also provided to school children to
                 realization of the      2006) – (Education for All;            encourage parents in situation of economic vulnerability to
Objective:       OAU Education           Education of Girls and                 send their ward to school.
Education is a   Decade goals and        Women; promoting adult                Grant to pre-primary students of age 4+
basic right      ensure coordination     education and literacy)               Free textbooks at primary level to all students
that, allows     on Regional                                                   Free textbooks to needy students at secondary levels
every child to   Economic                                                      School feeding project at primary level for children
develop to her   Communities for                                                attending ZEP schools
or his fullest   the effective                                                 Medical test/ vision test in primary schools
potential. The   implementation of                                             Pre-vocational stream for CPE failures
right to         the goals;                                                    ZEP schools for low achievers
education of
every child
should be
ensured

                 (ii) Commit             i) Legislation on free            (i) The policy to provide for free education exists since 1976. The
                 themselves to the       education;                        Education (amendment) Act 2004 makes education compulsory
                 provision of quality,                                     up to the age of 16.
                 free and                ii) Rate of schooling;            (ii) Rate of Schooling: 100%
                 compulsory basic        iii) Plans of action related to   iii) Education Reform Policy-Quality Initiatives and Bridging the
                 education.              schooling;                        Gap
                 Governments must        iv) Percentage of enrolment       iv) 100%
                 mobilize                rate;
                 international donor     v) Budget allocated to            (v) Total Expenditure on Education as a % of Total Current

                                                                                                                                              20
community and          education;                      Government Expenditure: 13.3%
financial                                              Budget allocated to schooling Primary: 27% and 43.3% for
institutions                                           Secondary as a % of Government Recurrent Expenditure on
including the World                                    Education
Bank and the IMF       vi) Support received to         vi) Nil
to commit              finance education
themselves to
support this goal.

(iii) Create           i) Existing partnership to      i) Education at primary, secondary and tertiary is already free in
partnerships with      achieve free and universal      Mauritius. Education at primary and secondary provided by state
non-formal             education;                      schools and government funded private schools.
providers, civil
society organization   ii) Describe the success        ii) Education Amendment Act, free education and free transport
and the community      stories
in order to achieve
the goal of free and
universal
education;

(iv) Urgently          i) Enrolment rate and rate of   (i) & (ii) Enrolment rate:
address the            drop-outs;                      Number of students enrolled at primary schools per 100
challenge of           ii) Rate of enrolment at        population aged 6 to 11 years: Gross enrolment ratio was 102 in
providing relevant     secondary level                 2006.
education tailored
to national social                                     Number of students enrolled at secondary schools per 100
and economic                                           population aged 12 to 19 years: The Gross enrolment ratio was
needs, current level                                   69 in 2006.
of development
while taking into                                      Drop-outs:
account the forces                                     Number of drop outs per 100 students enrolled in standard I to VI
of globalization;                                      at primary level was nil in 2005

                                                     Number of drop outs per 100 students enrolled in Form I to LVI
                                                     at secondary level was 6.6% in 2005
(v) Draw lessons       i) Innovations with regard to (i)
from new models of     new basic school                   Pre- vocational stream for CPE failures

                                                                                                                        21
education like the                                         Specific schools identified for low achievers (ZEP
"new basic school"                                          schools) having specialized programmes
movement now
becoming common
in the West African
States which focus
on skills and
learning related to
local culture and
moral values,
teaching in local
language as well as
civic education

(vi) Take into        i) Teaching innovations as      (i) Several "Quality" initiatives brought to educational system
account national      regard education                  Bridging the Gap Initiative
needs, local                                            "Numeracy and Literacy" Strategy introduced
realities, indigenous                                   Improving instructional practice
languages and                                           Moreover, the Ministry of Education encourages Distance
knowledge, special                                           Learning on teacher training and updating of skills of
learning needs of                                            school leaders.
children, children in                                   ICT across the curriculum in Primary Schools and the use
need of special                                              of an adapted inclusive pedagogy in ZEP schools.
measures, girls,                                          Rope in institutional mechanism for regular curriculum
and children from                                           renewal, updating and frequent contextualization of the
nomadic                                                     curriculum for teaching to be more adapted to the child’s
communities, in                                             environment.
curriculum
development and in
delivery of
education;


(vii) Strengthen and   i) Measures taken to involve   (i) Encouraging community involvement in school matters
involve                the communities in the         through Parent and Teachers Association. Emphasis is also
communities in the     management of schools and      being laid on the role of Social Workers and Parent Mediators to
mobilization of        promotion of education         assist and support the parents and children from ZEP schools in

                                                                                                                    22
resources,                                              their effort for an improved parenting and for creating the right
management of                                           learning environment for the children.
schools, reconsider
staffing in view of                                      Addressing the Equity Challenge
the toll HIV/AIDs
has in the
education system,
review
remuneration for
teachers and
ensure continuous
teacher education;

(viii) Strengthen the   i) Measures taken to        (i) New Emphasis is laid on Science and Technology in schools.
teaching of science     promote teaching of science The Government intends to make it compulsory up to a certain
and the utilization     and utilization of ICT;     level. IT labs have also been set up in schools.
of the new
information and         ii) Status of existing school   (ii) ICT is taught in all primary schools as from standard I. The
technologies as         programmes which include        Ministry of Education encourages the reduction of the digital
well as innovative      science and ICT                 divide amongst African schools, by encouraging exposure of
teaching and                                            school children to the world of IT at an early age.
learning
approaches and
methods;

(ix) Eliminate          i) Percentage of girls’         (i) There are no disparities per se. In 2006, enrolment in primary
gender disparities      enrolment in schools;           schools was 49.2% and in secondary schools was 51.9%.
in education by
taking special          ii) Rate of girl drop-outs      (ii) 0% at primary schools and 6.5% at secondary schools.
measures to
increase girls'
access to schools,
improve their
participation and
retention rates;

(x) Strengthen          i) Existing vocational           Vocational Training being offered by 13 IVTB centres in

                                                                                                                         23
               vocational training     training schools/centres;        2006.
               programmes,                                             Expansion of the National Apprenticeship Scheme to more
               introduce life skills                                    sectors.
               and create other                                        Reform of the Technical & Vocational Education and
               training                                                 Training Sector in the pipeline to improve articulation
               opportunities for                                        between training programmes.
               adolescents so as
               to gain employable      ii) Number of youth enrolled   (ii) 3262 students were enrolled in the IVTB centres in 2006
               skills and for self-    in these training schools;
               development;            iii) Existing post-training    iii) Skills development programme is in place whereby young
                                       programmes                     graduates as well as diploma holders are put under placement in
                                                                      Ministries and in the Private Sector against payment of a monthly
                                                                      stipend.
               (xi) Ensure the         i) Existence of                  Human Rights Education will be integrated into the
               integration of peace    modules/elements on                   curriculum, Sex education modules are under preparation.
               education,              peace education, human           Health education is a life skill-subject existing already in
               democracy, human        rights, humanitarian law,             the curriculum.
               rights, humanitarian    sexual education, health         Environment protection cuts across the curriculum and is
               law, sexual             education, environment                dealt with in Basic Science.
               education, health       protection included in the       Humanitarian law is taught in form III and at HSC level.
               education and           education system.
               environmental
               protection in the
               education system.

4. Realizing
the Right to
Protection

(a) Children
in Conflict
Situations
and foreign
occupation
               (i) Stop the use of   i) Formal age of                 i) Recruitment in armed forces is regulated under the Public and
Objective:     children as soldiers, conscription into the armed      Discipline Forces Service Commission and only those above 18
Give           demobilize all        forces;                          years are eligible for recruitment.

                                                                                                                                     24
increased care   combatants aged          ii) Number of children under   ii) Not Applicable
and protection   under eighteen and       18 enrolled in the army,
to children in   develop and              army troops;
order to         implement                iii) Number of children who    iii) Not Applicable
reduce the       programmes for           have been demobilized;
devastating      their rehabilitation     iv) Status of existing         iv) Not Applicable
impacts of       and social               services to ensure their re-
war.             reintegration;           education and social
                                          reintegration

                 (ii) Protect former  i) Measures in place to            i) Not Applicable
                 child soldiers from  protect child soldiers as well
                 retribution,         as former child soldiers
                 summary
                 executions,
                 arbitrary detention,
                 torture and other
                 punitive actions by
                 using the provisions
                 in the African
                 Charter on the
                 Rights and Welfare
                 of the Child and the
                 CRC.

                 (iii) Protect children   i) Number of children          i) No. of children victims of abduction: 33 as at July 2007
                 from abduction and       victims of abduction;
                 to stop their use as     ii) Existing legislation       ii) Hague Convention on Civil Aspects of International Child
                 slaves.                  against abduction              Abduction Act 2000

                 (iv) Curb the illicit i) Existing measures to           i) Not Applicable
                 trade on small arms prevent illicit trade of small
                 and light weapons     arms and light weapons
                 at national and
                 international level.
                 Create partnerships
                 with civil society in

                                                                                                                                        25
preventing illicitly
acquired arms, and
awareness raising
as well as in
monitoring
government policy;

(v) Ensure special     i) Programmes in place in       i) Not applicable
protection and         refugee camps to protect
access to              and educate children;
humanitarian aid       ii) Budget allocated for        ii) Not applicable
and programmes         these programmes
for refugee
children,
traumatized
children, internally
displaced children
and children in post
conflict situations;

(vi) Eliminate the     i) Ratification of the Ottawa   i) Not applicable
threat posed by        Convention on Landmines;
landmines and          ii) Number of victims of        ii) Not applicable
other unexploded       landmines;
ordinance by           iii) Existing programmes for    iii) Not applicable
ensuring respect for   mine clearance and
the Ottawa             rehabilitation of survivors
Convention by all
State parties,
developing
programmes for
mine clearance and
survivor
rehabilitation
programmes in
consultation with
the affected

                                                                             26
communities and
the military;

(vii)Ensure the        i) Adherence to and               i) Mauritius is a party to a number of Conventions and Treaties,
Member States          implementation of                 commonly referred to as International Humanitarian Law
reaffirm their         International Humanitarian        Instruments. In October 2001, the Government of Mauritius, by
commitment to          Law and continental and           decision of Cabinet approved the setting up of a Mauritius
International          International Charters and        National Humanitarian Law Committee. The role of the NHLC is
Humanitarian Law       Conventions                       to advise and assist Government in implementing and spreading
and Continental                                          knowledge of International Humanitarian Law Instruments to
and International                                        which Mauritius is a party. International Humanitarian Law is
Charters and                                             also studied at lower secondary and is taught at Form III and
Conventions;                                             HSC levels.

(viii) Encourage       i) Ratification of the Rome       i) Not applicable
Member States to       Statute;
ratify/accede to the   ii) Number of perpetrators of     ii) Not applicable
Rome Statute of        war crimes who have been
the International      prosecuted
Crime Court as a
step towards
prosecution of
perpetrators of war
crimes and to end
impunity for crimes
against children;

(ix) Strengthen the    i) Policies on including          i) Not applicable
capacity of regional   rights of children during
and sub-regional       ceasefire and peace
inter-governmental     agreements;
organizations and      ii) Inclusion of child’s rights   ii) Not applicable
groupings to focus     on training curricula of
on the rights of       peace-keepers
children when
negotiating
ceasefires and

                                                                                                                       27
                 peace agreements;

                 (x) Ensure that     i) Status on the protection of        i) Not applicable
                 Member States       refugees
                 reaffirm their
                 commitments to the
                 1951 Convention
                 relating to the
                 status of refugees
                 and its 1967
                 protocol as well as
                 the 1969
                 Convention
                 governing the
                 specific aspects of
                 refugee problems in
                 Africa.

(b) Legal
Protection

Objective:       (i) carry out           i) Comprehensive review on        (i) The Protection of the Child (Miscellaneous Provision) Act
Provide legal    comprehensive           all legislation on children       1998 amended 24 laws including the Divorce and Judicial
protection of    review of all           undertaken and reforms            Separation Act. A Task Force was set up in 2003 to make
children         legislation, with a     enacted particularly on           recommendations and consider consolidation of existing laws
outside          special focus on        personal and family law;          related to children. An Ombudsperson for Children Act was
situations of    personal and family                                       enacted in 2003.
armed conflict   law, to ensure          ii) Existing legislation on the   (ii) Existing legislations on the Protection of children:
and under        conformity with the     protection of children;           - Child Protection Act (1994)
foreign          provisions of the                                         - Child Protection Amendment Act 1998 and 2005
occupations      ACRWC and the                                             - Protection from Domestic Violence Act (amended in 2004)
                 CRC. Customary                                            - Education Amendment Act (2004)
                 laws inconsistent                                         -Computer Misuse and Cyber Crime Act (2003)
                 with the interests of                                     - Ombudsperson for Children Act (2003)
                 the child and to the                                      - Criminal Code (1998)
                 international norms                                       - Cinematograph Act
                 governing the                                             - Dangerous Drugs Act

                                                                                                                                      28
rights of the child                                   -   Probation of Offenders Act
should be                                             -   Juvenile Offenders Act
eliminated or                                         -   Reform Institution Act
readapted.

(ii) Develop child,    i) Existing legislation on     i) Existing legislation for Inter-country Adoption: NAC Act no 21
youth and gender       adoption;                      of 87
friendly inheritance                                  Existing legislation on National Adoption: Article 346 of the Civil
and adoption laws                                     Code
in the states where                                   Mauritius acceded to the Hague Convention on Protection of
adoption is                                           Children and Cooperation in respect of Inter-country Adoption on
permitted;                                            28 September 1998.
                       ii) Number of adoptions at     ii) 290
                       national level;
                       iii) Number of adoptions at    iii)314 as from 1988 to 2007
                       international level;


(iii) Develop          i) Percentage of children      (i) The Resident Child Population is estimated to be 29% over
mechanisms for         who know about their rights;   1.2 M in Mauritius, out of which 21.5% attend primary and
enforcement and                                       secondary schools. With the regular sensitization campaigns
monitoring and                                        organized by the M/Women’s Rights, CD, FW & CP such as the
legislation; ensure                                   ’16 Days, 16 Rights’ Activism and wide dissemination of
that children are                                     information related to children’s rights by the National Children’s
educated on their                                     Council in schools, a high proportion of children and adolescents
rights; ensure easy                                   are aware of children’s rights issues. Children rights are also
access to legal                                       incorporated in the curriculum.
protection; and        ii) Existing courts and        (ii) District Courts deals with children’s cases on a regular basis
introduce child        judges for children;
friendly court         iii) Existing rehabilitation   (iii) There are currently 5 Rehabilitation Centres:
systems and            centres for youth              Youth offenders remanded to Correctional Youth Centre (CYC)
divergent systems      delinquents;                   and Rehabilitation Youth Centre (RYC) for both boys and girls.
for young              iv) Are there child friendly   (iv) Child Friendly Police Units at National Level:
offenders;             police units at national
                       level?
                       v) Provisions of ACRWC         (v)
                       and CRC incorporated in          Police Family Protection Unit (PFPU), providing specific

                                                                                                                        29
                      education curriculum               services to women, children and the elderly in cases of
                                                         abuse, family conflicts, domestic violence. The PFPU has a
                                                         dedicated space as "Children's Corner",
                                                        Police Officers trained on child issues posted in the Family
                                                         Support Bureau where children cases are dealt with.
                                                        In year 2004, after the promulgation of the Ombudsperson
                                                         for Children Act 2003, the Brigade pour la Protection des
                                                         Mineurs was set up within the Mauritius Police Force to deal
                                                         more efficiently and effectively with cases where minors are
                                                         involved. This unit focuses on the protection of the child and
                                                         acts as a watchdog against child abuse

(iv) promote          i)    Existing effective (i) Through Community Policing, the police develops a network
community and civil   partnership    between with the public to have information on Child Abuse cases.
society               Governments, NGOs and
organizations,        CSOs                     Networking between Probation Service and the Ministry of
participation in                               Women's Rights, Police Prison, De-addiction and Rehabilitation
monitoring child                               Centres, Ombudsperson for children's Office, etc … exist.
rights abuses and                              Institutional care and Rehabilitation services are provided by
reform reporting                               NGOs to victims of abuse and abandonment.
processes for such
abuses;

(v) Strengthen         i) Existing law on              i) The Civil Status Amendment Act 1981 provides for the
structures for         compulsory birth registration   registration of a birth:
registration of births                                 - Within 45 days of the birth;
as soon as children                                    - Where a birth has not been declared within 45 days, an order
are born,                                                   of a District Magistrate or of the Registrar of Civil Status is
particularly in the                                         required; and
rural areas and                                        - When the birth has not been registered before three months,
amongst nomadic                                             an order from the District Magistrate is required.
communities.                                           - Fast-track system of Tardy Declaration, in partnership with
                                                            other major stakeholders, set up since 2005 to register tardily
                                                            declared children quickly. This enables their entry to
                                                            schooling and access to other basic services, such as health.
                      ii) Is birth registration        ii) registration of birth can be made at:
                      decentralised?                   - The Civil Status Office of the locality within the district in

                                                                                                                         30
                                                                              which the birth took place or in which the parents resided at
                                                                              the time of birth;
                                                                         - The Central Civil Status Office (Head Office) in Port Louis
                                                                              and 46 regional offices located within the nine districts across
                                                                              the Island
                                       iii)Existing facilities for birth iii) To facilitate birth registration, the law has been amended in
                                       registration in rural areas       2004 whereby no witnesses are now required for the purpose of
                                       and the nomad communities a birth registration. Only the parents/informant can register a
                                       or mobile registration            birth. Formerly two witnesses were required.
                                       units/processes;
                                       iv) Percentage of children        iv) The percentage of registered births is almost 100% though
                                       registered at birth;              there are some cases of tardily declared children which is
                                                                         insignificant on the overall.

                                       v) Waivers of registration      v) No fee is payable for birth registration. A first free copy is
                                       fees to increase registration   issued to the parents instantly.
                                       especially in disadvantaged
                                       or marginalised
                                       communities

                 (vi) Alleviate the    i) Measures taken to            i) Not applicable
                 humanitarian          alleviate the sanctions
                 impact of sanctions
                 regimes upon
                 children.

(c) Protection
of children
from
violence,
neglect,
abuse and
sexual
exploitation

Objective:       (i) Take urgent       i) The status of ratification   i) Government ratified the ILO conventions 182 on worst forms of
Enhance          steps to eliminate    of the ILO Convention 182       child labour in June 2000 and is committed to achieve full

                                                                                                                                            31
protection of   child labour, in        on the Worst Forms of Child    compliance with provisions of the Convention being
children        particular, the worst   Labour                         implemented.
against all     forms of child          ii)Status of implementation    ii) Regular site inspections are effected by enforcement officers,
forms of        labour, as defined      of the Convention              deterring the employment of children.
violence,       in the ILO
abuse and       Convention 182.
exploitation    Those Member
                States who have
                not ratified the ILO
                Convention 182
                should do so
                quickly and also put
                in place
                mechanisms for its
                implementation;

                (ii) Curb the           i) Existence of legislation,   i) Legislation: The Child Protection Act, amended in 2005, makes
                growing                 programmes and national        provision for cases of Child Trafficking, with harsher penalties
                phenomenon of           Plan of Action against child   applied as sanction.
                child trafficking       trafficking;
                through prevention      ii) Number of children being   ii) Under this section of Child Protection (Amendment) Act, no
                and protection          trafficked;                    case has been reported to the police up till now. However, the
                measures for                                           cases related to commercial sexual exploitation of children have
                children as well as                                    been reported to the Police under the Criminal Code Act
                prosecution of          iii) Number of child           iii) A National Plan of Action on Commercial Sexual Exploitation
                traffickers. Put in     traffickers arrested and       of Children was prepared in 2003, following two studies on
                place effective         jailed;                        CSEC carried out in 1997 and 2001.
                regional and
                bilateral                                              Offences related to    No. of Persons
                agreements on                                          Child Prostitution      arrested (for year 2006)
                border controls and
                handling of victims                                    Debauching Youth             6
                of child trafficking;
                                                                       Allowing child to be
                                                                       sexually abused            1

                                                                       Soliciting another
                                                                       person for immoral
                                                                                                                                       32
                                                        purpose                    2
                        iv) Legislation in place to     iv) Child Protection Act
                        protect these children;
                        v) Agreement entered into       v) Nil
                        with neighbouring countries
                        to curb trafficking of
                        children;
                        vi) Success stories


(iii) Make use of the   i) Existing agreement           i) Nil
technical and           entered into with ILO and
financial               UNICEF to fight against
cooperation             child labour;
provided by the         ii) Percentage of children      (ii) No information is available on worst forms of child labour.
ILO, UNICEF and         victims of the worst forms of   But, in 2006 less than 2% of the population aged 12 to 15 years
other international     child labour;                   was employed.
agencies in             iii) Existing policies and      iii) The Labour Amendment Act 2004
elaborating their       programmes against child
programmes and          labour.
policies against
child labour;

(iv) Protect children   i) Special measures taken       (i) Child Protection Act (1994) is the major Act in Mauritius
from all forms of       to protect children against     related to children. Other National laws have been harmonized in
violence torture and    all forms of violence and       line with the Convention on the Rights of the Child, with
take corrective         ensure the respect of their     Government undertaking a series of amendments to 23 pieces of
measures to ensure      physical and mental             legislation under the Protection of the Child (Miscellaneous
that children are       integrity                       Protection) Act in 1998. For instance, amendments in laws,
treated in a manner                                     ranging from the Cinematography Act, Civil Service Family
that respects their                                     Protection Scheme Act, amongst others.
physical and mental
integrity.                                              A Juvenile Detention Centre has been set up to keep children in
                                                        conflict with the law under the close supervision of the police

(v) Protect children    i) Measures taken to protect    (i)(a) Amendment of CPA in 2005, applying more severe
from sexual abuse       children from sexual            penalties in cases of child trafficking, abandonment and child

                                                                                                                      33
and exploitation       violence and abuse;             abduction and also in cases of sexual offences and indecent
through                                                photographs of children.
partnerships with                                      (b) The National Children’s Council disseminates, on a regular
the civil society to                                   basis the Convention on the Rights of the Child as well as on
promote safe                                           issues related sexual abuse of children through sensitization
homes, safe                                            campaigns targeted to teachers, social workers, Ministries, NGO
schools, safe                                          and the public in Women Centres and Social Welfare Centres, in
neighbourhoods                                         addition to children of primary and secondary schools.
and communities.                                       (c) Preventive work, awareness campaigns in schools, colleges
Establish                                              and parenting sessions by M/Women’s Rights, CD, FW & CP,
alternative care                                       M/Education and Probation Office are being carried out.
systems for                                            (d)"Community Child Protection Programme", has been set up
children without                                       by Ministry to involve whole community in the prevention,
families.                                              reporting and rehabilitation of children victims of abuse, including
                                                       CSEC.
                                                        (e) Rescue operations carried out by ‘Brigade pour la Protection
                                                        de Mineurs’ – a unit which falls under the aegis of the Police
                                                        Department and which deals exclusively with children.
                                                        (f)Establishment of a Drop In Centre which is managed by NGO
                                                        to provide support, counselling to children victims of CSEC,
                                                        including sexual abuse in line with National Plan of Action on
                                                        CSEC (2003).

                       ii) Programmes or policies      ii) Foster care, providing children at high risk of abuse with a
                       encouraging local, formal       substitute family to ensure their physical and emotional security.
                       adoptions and/or foster         Several foster children are ultimately adopted.
                       care of OVCs within their
                       communities

(vi) Sensitize         i) Strategies implemented to    (i) "Community Child Protection Programme", has been set up
children, families,    sensitize the community as      by Ministry to involve whole community in the prevention,
care givers and the    well as prevent sexual          reporting and rehabilitation of children victims of abuse,
communities on the     violence;                       including CSEC.
harmful
consequences of        ii)Rehabilitation programme     (ii) A Drop-In-Centre, managed by NGO and financed by the
sexual exploitation.   in place for victims of         Ministry provides psychological counselling to children victims of
Address factors like   violence       and     sexual   CSEC, and ensures their rehabilitation and recovery, following
tourism,               exploitation;                   their traumatic experience of being sexually abused. Also, a
                                                                                                                        34
pornography                                             Residential Drop In Centre will be constructed to cater
cultural and                                            exclusively for children victims of CSEC.
traditional
practices which                                         Psychotherapy is provided to victims of Sexual Assault who are
encourage sexual                                        interviewed with the help of psychologists. Counseling is also
exploitation.                                           given to victims of Sexual Assault.
Develop and
implement               iii)     Child   protection     (iii) (a) Institutions provide accommodation to abandoned
programmes for          policies/codes of conduct       children are registered under the Social Aids Act 1983of
rehabilitation for      for organisations working       M/Social Security. Abused children are also accommodated in
victims of sexual       with children                   Institutions
abuse and
exploitation;                                           (b) Other Organisations for children are registered at the
                                                        National Children’s Council.
                                                        (c) A Protocol of Assistance to Victims of Sexual Assault is
                                                        operational since March 2006. The purpose of the Protocol is to
                                                        ensure a prompt and timely assistance to victims of sexual
                                                        assault.
(vii) Eliminate all     i) Existence of harmful         i) There are no harmful traditional practices which are deemed to
harmful traditional     traditional practices           be detrimental to the health of girls and women in Mauritius.
practices, which are    detrimental to the health of
detrimental to girls'   girls and women;
and women's rights      ii) Existing policies,          ii) Not Applicable
and health. Stop        programmes and legislation
female genital          to fight against these
mutilation and,         practices;
support initiatives     iii) Alternative non-harmful    iii) Not Applicable
for alternative         practices e.g. rites of
methods for             passage encouraged and
socialization. Stop     practiced within
early marriages and     communities where HTP
enact and enforce       exists.
legislation on
minimum marriage
age for girls;

(viii) Protect          i) Policies in place to fight   (i) Sensitizations are carried out by the Crime Prevention Unit

                                                                                                                       35
children from           drug abuse;                    (CPU), M/Youth & Sports, M/Women’s Rights and ADSU on
substance abuse                                        Drug Abuse.
by creating             ii) Existence of national plan (ii) National Drug Control Master Plan (2004-2009) for the
widespread              of action against drug abuse Republic of Mauritius, drafted under the expertise of the United
awareness on their      and progress achieved in its Nations Office for Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
harmful effects as      implementation
well as giving them
life coping skills.
Enforce and
monitor policies on
illicit drug
cultivation,
production,
trafficking and
consumption
including prohibiting
intoxicant solvents
, psychotropic
substance and
tobacco advertising
.

(ix) Develop and        i) Status on programmes to   i)(a) A number of facilities are provided to encourage disabled
implement               cater for children needing   children to attend schools including free transport; scholarship
programmes for          special measures of          scheme up to tertiary level; and all new State Secondary Schools
and with, children      protection                   are now being provided with ramps and toilets for the Disabled.
in need of special                                   (b) Wheelchairs, hearing aids and white canes are provided free
measures at local,                                   of charge by the M/Social Security. Speech therapy is also
national and                                         provided by the Audiology Unit of the M/Health & QL. Home
regional levels.                                     Therapy programmes are offered in cases where individual
Promote access to                                    attention is required.
and inclusion in                                     (c) A National Policy Paper for Disabled is currently being
education,                                           finalized by the M/Social Security involving all stakeholders.
rehabilitation,
cultural and
recreational
activities and the
improvement of the
                                                                                                                   36
                physical
                environment.

5.
Participation
of Youth and
Children

Objective: To   (i) Enactment of       i) Legislation and policies to (i) National Children's Council (NCC) Act 2003 makes provision
enforce         necessary legal        ensure effective and           for a National Children's Committee, comprising boys and girls in
without delay   measures to ensure     meaningful participation of    the age group of 15 to 18, elected from children's organizations.
the right of    that children's        children in policies
youth and       views are taken into   concerning them
children to     account on issues
participate,    relevant to their
and to have     interests.
their civil
rights
respected,
                (ii) Legal reforms     i) Laws facilitating public    i) Not Applicable
                necessary to           interest litigation;
                provide for public     ii) Training of judicial       ii) Not Applicable
                interest or social     officers;
                action litigation on   iii) Judgements from courts    iii) Rehabilitation in the open/counselling. Follow up of minors
                behalf of children     on social action;              placed on probation through casework and family counselling .
                by interested
                groups;                iv) Legislation impacting on   iv) Juvenile Offender's Act
                                       children.                      Child Protection Act
                                                                      Divorce and Judicial Separation Act

                (iii) Special        i) Inclusion of girls’           (i) Girls are not excluded in any activities and can participate fully
                attention to the     participation                    as boys.
                gender dimension
                of any legal reforms
                or substantive
                measures to
                promote

                                                                                                                                          37
participation;

(iv) Strengthening    i) Measures taken to           i) The Ministry of Youth & Sports is actually developing a
of groups that        strengthen Youth               synergy with youth clubs on this issue
represent youth       Council/Organisations;
and children

(v) Facilitation of   i) Existence of children’s     i) Nil
freedom of            parliament in your country
association and
expression for
youth and children,
including the
setting up,
consolidating,
broadening and
strengthening
Children's
Parliaments;

(vi) Support          i) Dissemination of the        (i) The National Children’s Council disseminates, on a regular
widespread child      African Charter to             basis the Convention on the Rights of the Child through
rights education,     communities and in schools; sensitization campaigns targeted to teachers, social workers,
within traditional                                   Ministries and NGO, in addition to children of primary and
communities,          ii) Organisation of training   secondary schools.
amongst children      sessions on children’s rights (ii) The police carry out training on Child Abuse and Rights of
and youth in          for the armed forces, police, Children for:
schools and out of    media, peace keepers,                 Recruits
schools, at           health provider, the judiciary        Promotional courses
institutions of       and the community;                    Refresher courses for experience officers
higher learning,                                            Specialized courses on this issue for staff of Police Family
within the media,                                             Protection Unit, Brigade Pour la Protection Des Mineurs
police, armed                                                 and Child Protection Unit
forces and peace      iii) Budget allocated for the  (iii) Figures not available.
keepers, health       training sessions.
providers, the
judiciary and all

                                                                                                                       38
state institutions
from the local level
to the national
level;

(vii) Support             i) Inclusion of culture and     (i) Culture & tradition is included in school curricula
initiatives to            tradition in school curricula
increase                  for children;
understanding of          ii) Research carried out on     (ii) The ODEROI is conducting a study on adolescent education,
African traditional       the perceptions and             productive work, adolescent health, violence and exploitation,
values, practices         practices related to the        drug abuse, leisure, macro environment and to analyze
and cultural              rights of children and their    adolescents and adults perceptions on adolescents in terms of
perceptions of            participation.                  the above issues The objective of the study is to influence
children in relation                                      decision-making and the promotion of child friendly policies, at
to child rights in                                        the national level as well as to favor the development of
particular and                                            strategies and advocacy for child rights promotion at the
children's                                                international level.
participation in
particular.

(viii) Support the role   i) Existing programmes for      i) Not available
of youth in peace-        youth in peace-building
building,
reconciliation and
reconstruction,
particularly in post-
conflict situations;

(ix) Facilitation of      i) Number of national and       i)     UN Special Session
participation of          international fora on                  Cultural Exchange Programme with India (Bal Bhawan)
youth and children        children and youth and in
in international for      which they have
a concerning              participated
issues relevant to
their interests;

(x) Networking,           i) Existing networks of         i) A networking of 22 Youth Centres
communication and         communication and                  A networking of 24 Kites clubs at the Ministry of Women’s
                                                                                                                         39
           information sharing     information among children     Rights
           among youth and         and youth organisations          Buddies clubs (Ombudsperson for Children Office)
           children.                                                Students Councils at level of schools

6. Other   (i) Social              i) Conduct of sensitization    (i) Prevention work on social issues in schools, colleges,
Actions    mobilization shall      and advocacy campaigns         Community Centres. Talks also on rights and responsibilities of
           be intensified so       on the rights and well-being   children are being carried out by the M/Women’s Rights, CD, FW
           that all sections of    of children;                   & CP, Ombudsperson for Children’s Office and Probation Office .
           society will be                                        Community development on Child Welfare/Child Protection by
           urged to take action                                   the Child Development Unit
           for the well-being of   ii) Regular celebration of the (ii) The Day of the African Child is regularly celebrated by the
           children and the        Day of the African Child       Ministry of Women's Rights, Child Development, Family Welfare
           protection of their                                    & Consumer Protection, National Children’ Council and the
           rights.                                                Office of the Ombudsperson.

           (ii) Strong           i) Provide details on the        i) Regular consultations are held to seek views and comments
           partnership shall be creation of such a                on the preparation of Policies and Action Plans on children.
           created with          partnership
           people's
           movement, youth
           movements,
           professional
           networks, artists,
           intellectuals, mass
           media, business
           community, women
           groups, religious
           and traditional
           leader, children, the
           military
           adolescents,
           political leaders as
           well as civil society
           organizations in
           order to advocate
           for the rights of
           children and to

                                                                                                                                 40
tackle problems
affecting them.

(iii) It is crucial and   i) Status of translation of the   (i) The African Charter has not been translated, per se in the
necessary to run          African Charter in local          local language for dissemination. However, the African Charter
child rights              languages and its                 has been translated in English and French and publications in
popularization            dissemination                     the form of posters and booklets which are in a child-friendly
programmes in all                                           language has been undertaken, on articles related to the
languages including                                         Convention on the Rights of the Child by the National Children's
national languages.                                         Council.


(iv) Community            i) Existing mechanism on          (i) The Ministry works in collaboration with a range of
participation, which      the participation of the          stakeholders including NGOs, members of the Civil Society in
seeks active and          people in the designing of        the design and formulation of policies. Consultative workshops
genuine                   policies for children             and meetings are held, followed by validation workshops with
involvement of the                                          these stakeholders in the development of policies/programmes.
people especially                                           This process is undertaken for any policy paper, including the
the children and                                            Early Childhood Development Policy, National Children's Policy
women, in the                                               (2003), Plan of Action on National Children's Plan (2004) and
designing of                                                National Family Policy (2007).
policies and
programmes for
children and youth,
shall be vigorously
pursued.

(v) Strengthen            i) Existing Plan of Action on     (i) The National Family Policy, which has been launched in the
family units;             the family;                       month of May this year, will be followed by an Action Plan. Same
revitalize the                                              is being worked out currently by a team of Consultants.
extended family to
fulfil its traditional    ii) Existing family law ;         (ii) Civil Code, Protection from Domestic Violence Act (PVDA)
role and functions                                          (1999) and amendments to PVDA in 2004.
related to social
integration and           iii)Status of programmes to (iii) (a) Programmes designed to educate families: "Zero
security, and             educate families and budget Tolerance Clubs" and "Men as Partners" are programmes
reform adverse or         allocated                   especially designed to sensitize the communities, including men

                                                                                                                          41
harmful customary                                     in the prevention against Domestic Violence and emphasize on
practices and                                         their positive roles and responsibilities within their respective
biases, whilst                                        families.
promoting positive
cultural and                                          (b) National Parental Empowerment Programme to empower
traditional practices                                 parents in the holistic development of their children as well as
that enhance moral                                    providing skills in conflict resolution and parenting skills.
and ethical values.

(vi) Governments       i) Existing interaction with   i) Debt cancellation is not an issue for Mauritius. The Ministry of
should advocate        the International Community    Finance is canvassing the International Development Community
and negotiate with                                    to unlock AFT (Aid for Trade) resources to enable the integration
the international                                     of Least Developing Countries and Developing Countries in the
community and                                         international economy both through the regional route and on a
financial institutions                                bilateral basis as per the scope and objectives of the WTO
such as the World                                     recommendations. The Government also support the EASSY
Bank and IMF for                                      (Eastern Africa Submarine System) project as a means to
debt cancellation;                                    connect Easter Africa and Indian Ocean Islands to the rest of the
increased                                             World. The Government is also improving the investment
development aid;                                      régime.
increased
international trade
and investment;
and assistance in
accelerating the
growth of
information
communication
technology as steps
in reviving African
economies,
increasing the
benefits of
globalization and
minimizing its
negative impact.


                                                                                                                       42
(vii) Governments      i) Budget allocated to social   (i) Budget allocated to Social Development : Rs 26,840 M.
should mobilize        development;
human and              ii) Existing strategic          ii) Trust Fund for the Social Integration of Vulnerable Group
financial resources    framework on poverty            Action Plan.
from private and       reduction
public sources,
reduce or
rationalize military
expenditures, re-
focus national
budgets and ensure
their efficient
utilization.
Collaborate with
economic and
social development
partners,
international
financial
institutions, donor
governments and
Regional Economic
Communities
(RECs) for
resource
mobilization and
provision of
technical
assistance.

(viii) Governments     i) Existing research            (i) Existing research/research being conducted on childhood: An
should contribute to   programmes on childhood         Observatory for the Rights of the Child has been set up to
the strengthening of   as well as research being       ensure a follow up of Children's Rights and create a database on
research capacities    conducted;                      social development of the child on a regional basis, i.e, for 5
on childhood                                           countries of the Indian Ocean.
through
establishment          ii) Number of research          ii) Periodical Reports are published, to enable comparative
and/or                 conducted and the               analysis of data and the recommendations made will allow
                                                                                                                 43
                                       consolidation of the   utilization of the results of   countries to take necessary actions and develop policies and
                                       research networks      the research                    programmes for the overall welfare of the child.
                                       on childhood in
                                       Africa, with a view
                                       to develop close
                                       linkage between
                                       research, decision-
                                       taking and
                                       advocacy in favour
                                       of childhood in
                                       Africa.




Reshema Anoman/C: Project 2001/Report Achievement




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