A. Finding a Topic
1. Freewriting – Writing as much as you
can on a topic without stopping to think.
This is done in paragraph form.
2. Interview Yourself – ask yourself open-
3. Brainstorming – Listing as many ideas
down onto paper as you can without
stopping to think.
B. Focusing a Topic
1. Limiting a topic – cluster diagram.
2. Ask specific questions.
C. Finding and Organizing Information
1. Gathering Information -
Personal information, interviews,
books, magazines, newspapers,
2. Organize Your Notes – put related ideas
and facts together by using outlines
and/or note cards.
II. Drafting – writing down your
ideas in paragraphs.
A. Making a Plan – Start with ideas you
want to write about, support them, and
decide in which order you will present
B. Use peer response.
A. The Six Traits of Good Writing
1. Ideas and Content – Ideas
are clear, focused, and
supported with details.
2. Organization – Ideas are
arranged in a logical order
that moves the reader
through the text.
3. Voice – Writing shows
individual style and
4. Word Choice – Language is
precise, powerful, and
5. Sentence Fluency –
Sentences flow smoothly
and have different lengths.
6. Conventions – All
grammar, punctuation, and
IV. Editing & Proofreading
Reading through the paper, line by line,
looking for mistakes in grammar,
mechanics, punctuation, and spelling.
A. Publishing – The final form the writing
(Example: essays, pamphlets, power
points, newspapers, etc.)
B. Reflecting – Taking the time to think
about how well the process worked for
you and what you should improve on the
next time you write.