Islamic Conquest: Iran/Persia

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					Islamic Conquest

Pahlavi writing

Pahlavi writing

Two centuries of silence

Iran was indeed Islamized, but it was not Arabized. Persians remained Persians. And after an interval of silence, Iran reemerged as a separate, different and distinctive element within Islam

Iranians have maintained some of their preIslamic traditions and adapted them with Islamic codes. Finally these two customs and traditions merged and an "Islamic Iranin" identity as a new identity has emerged

The caliphs adopted many Sassanid administrative practices, such as:

- coinage system

-the office of vizier, or minister,

- the divan, a bureaucracy for collecting taxes and giving state stipends.

The Sassanid architecture had a distinctive influence over Islamic architecture

Golden Age of Islam

Science
al-Khwarizmi Al-Razi

Avicenna
780 – 850 AD Algorithm Algebra
865 - 925 AD discovery of alcohol

980 - 1037 AD
The Book of Healing The Canon of Medicine

Philosophy … poetry, …
Al-Farabi

Omar Khayyam

870 – 950 AD

Neo-Platonist, musician

1048 – 1131 AD

Mathematician Astronomer-Poet

And if the Wine you drink, the Lip you press, End in the Nothing all Things end in — Yes — Then fancy while Thou art, Thou art but what Thou shalt be — Nothing — Thou shalt not be less. (Fitzgerald's translation)

Persian literature of the medieval and pre-modern periods

The Book of One Thousand and One Nights Shahname (The Book of Kings)

800-900 AD

1000 AD

Literature
Love Poetry … Sufism

Nezami

Attar
Jalal ad-Din Rumi

Hafez

1141–1209 AD

1142 – 1220 AD Manteq al-Tayr (Conference of the Birds)
1207 – 1273 AD

romantic epic poet 1310 - 1337 AD

Mongol conquest

The harsh rule of the Mongols caused an economic decline throughout the 13th century.

A large number of people, particularly males, were killed; between 1220 and 1258, the population of Iran dropped drastically.

The Ilkhan dynasty, lasting from 1251 to 1335

The birth of Modern Iran
Safavid Empire (1502-1736)

Founding the modern nation-state of Iran. Even though Safavids were not the first Shia rulers in Iran, they played a crucial role in making Shia Islam the official religion in the whole of Iran.

The cultural growth was accompanied by considerable development in all forms of art.

In the Safavid era the Persian Architecture flourished again and saw many new monuments, such as Naghsh-i Jahan Square, the biggest historic square in the world.

Constitutional Revolution Islamic Revolution

Members of the first Majlis (Parliament)


				
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