AVAL BASE KITSAP BANGOR

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                            N            AVAL BASE
                                         KITSAP BANGOR

                      Proposed Action and Alternatives

Naval Base Kitsap Bangor is located on Hood Canal               To assess the potential environmental effects associated
approximately 20 miles west of Seattle, Washington (see         with the construction and operation of a second explosives
Figure 1). The base provides berthing and support services      handling wharf, the Navy is preparing an Environmental
to U.S. Navy submarines.                                        Impact Statement (EIS). The Trident Support Facilities
                                                                Explosives Handling Wharf EIS is being prepared in
                                                                accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)
                                                                of 1969. While preparing the EIS, Navy scientists and
                                                                technical experts have identified and will evaluate different
                                                                solutions, or alternatives, for accomplishing the proposed
                                                                action.

                                                                Alternatives
                                                                Alternatives for the proposed action were identified based
                                                                on:
                                                                ❏    Capability to meet Trident program mission requirements;
                                                                ❏    Ability to avoid or minimize environmental effects;
                                                                ❏    Siting requirements, including proximity to existing
                                                                     infrastructure;
                                                                ❏    Availability of waterfront property;
                                                                ❏    Ability to construct essential project features; and
                                                                ❏    Explosives safety restrictions.

                                                                Based on these requirements, the Navy has identified
                                                                alternatives and will evaluate the potential environmental
                                                                effects of at least two action alternatives, as well as
                                                                considering a no-action alternative.

                         FIGURE 1
      Site location map for Naval Base Kitsap Bangor.

Proposed Action
As part of its strategic deterrent mission, the Navy is
proposing to construct and operate a second explosives
handling wharf adjacent to, but separate from, the existing
wharf at Naval Base Kitsap Bangor (see Figure 2). The
purpose of constructing and operating a second explosives
handling wharf is to support current and future Trident Fleet                               FIGURE 2
Ballistic Missile program requirements. The second explosives           The existing explosives handling wharf at Naval
handling wharf is needed to ensure the Navy has facilities                Base Kitsap Bangor. The Navy is proposing
required to offload/load missiles and perform required                   to construct and operate a second explosives
operations and upgrades necessary to maintain the                       handling wharf adjacent to, but separate from,
Trident program.                                                                       the existing wharf.
                                                                                                                                     CONSTRUCTION OF THE ExPlOSIvES HANDlING WHARF                The construction process for both the Deep-Water
                                                                                                                                                                          A second explosives     Trestle Alternative and the Onshore Trestle Alternative
                                                                                                                                                                          handling wharf          would be similar, requiring that the wharf and trestles
                                                                                                                                                                          facility at Naval       be constructed over deep water. Also, a portion of the
                                                                                                                                                                          Base Kitsap Bangor      trestles would be constructed on the shore. In general, the
                                                                                                                                                                          would consist of        construction of wharves and trestles could require up to
                                                                                                                                                                          a covered wharf         2,600 piles for the Deep-Water Trestle Alternative and
                                                                                                                                                                          (functioning as         up to 2,000 for the Onshore Trestle Alternative. Piles
                                                                                                                                                                          the ordnance            would range in size from 16-1/2 inches in diameter to
                                                                                                                                                                          operations area),       36 inches in diameter, depending on their location and
                                                                                                                                     a warping wharf, and two trestles for onshore access.        function.
                                                                                                                                     The 135,000-square-foot covered wharf, or ordnance
                                                                                                                                     operations area, would be located approximately 600          Since the majority of the pile driving activity for this
                                                                                                                                     feet offshore. The warping wharf is a long, narrow wharf     project would occur over water, an outfitted construction
                         FIGURE 3                                                               FIGURE 4                             extension used to position submarines before they move       barge would serve as the primary work platform and
       The Deep-Water Trestle Alternative involves                       like the Deep-Water Trestle Alternative, the Onshore        into the operations area. The warping wharf would be         would provide the capability to operate in the intertidal
      the construction of a covered operations area,                        Trestle Alternative involves the construction of a       approximately 600 feet in length. Entry and exit trestles,   and shallow waters at Naval Base Kitsap Bangor, as well
     warping wharf and trestles, built parallel to and                   covered operations area, warping wharf and trestles,                                                                     as over the deeper areas of Hood Canal. To build over
                                                                           built parallel to and approximately 600 feet from         each approximately 40 feet wide, would support roads
    approximately 600 feet from shore. The majority of                                                                                                                                            the water, the Deep-Water Trestle Alternative and the
            the trestle would be constructed in                            shore. However, a significant portion of the trestle      on which ordnance could be transported from the shore
                                                                                                                                     to and from the covered wharf. Additional facility           Onshore Trestle Alternative would employ several types
                        deep water.                                                  would be constructed onshore.                                                                                of ships and barges. At peak construction, several tug
                                                                                                                                     support at the wharf would include cranes,
                                                                                                                                     power utility booms, equipment rooms,                        boats, small ships, construction barges and
Alternatives currently being considered by the Navy include a Deep-Water Trestle Alternative, Onshore Trestle Alternative
                                                                                                                                     storage areas, lightning protection                          crane-laden ships would be
and a No-Action Alternative.
                                                                                                                                     towers and offices.                                          in operation.
DEEP-WATER TRESTlE AlTERNATIvE
A second explosives handling wharf, comprised of a covered operations area, warping wharf and trestles, would be
constructed in deep water, parallel to and approximately 600 feet from shore and immediately south of, and adjacent to, the
existing explosives handling wharf. The majority of the trestle would be constructed in deep water, away from the intertidal
zone, to the extent possible. The Navy is considering both a floating and pile-supported covered operations area (wharf).
ONSHORE TRESTlE AlTERNATIvE
A second explosives handling wharf, comprised of a covered operations area, warping wharf and trestles, would be
constructed in deep water, parallel to and approximately 600 feet from shore and immediately south of, and adjacent to, the
existing explosives handling wharf. A significant portion of the trestle would be constructed onshore, with 1,400 feet of exit
roadway constructed on land, out of the intertidal zone. The Navy is considering both a floating and pile-supported covered
operations area (wharf).
NO-ACTION AlTERNATIvE
Under the No-Action Alternative, a second explosives handling wharf would not be constructed. This alternative would not
meet the Navy’s need for facilities required to support the Trident program.


HOW ARE THE TWO ACTION AlTERNATIvES AlIKE?
For both the Deep-Water Trestle and the Onshore Trestle alternatives, a second
explosives handling wharf, comprised of a covered operations area, warping wharf
and trestles, would be constructed in deep water, parallel to and approximately 600                                               While both the Deep-Water Trestle Alternative and the Onshore Trestle Alternative
feet from shore. Placement of structures over the intertidal zone would be minimized.
Separate entrance and exit trestles, or bridges, would provide a roadway for missile                                              would achieve the proposed action’s purpose and need, the Navy’s preferred
transport vehicles to travel from shore to the explosives handling wharf and back to                                              alternative is the Deep-Water Trestle Alternative for three primary reasons:
shore.
                                                                                                PREFERRED                         ❏ Environmental effects to the upland environment are anticipated to be significantly
HOW DO THE TWO ACTION AlTERNATIvES DIFFER?
The Deep-Water Trestle and the Onshore Trestle alternatives differ primarily in the
location of the trestles. A small portion of the trestles for both alternatives would cross
                                                                                                AlTERNATIvE                           less;
                                                                                                                                  ❏ Fewer complications and obstacles are anticipated with in-water construction; and
the intertidal zone. However, for the Deep-Water Trestle Alternative, a majority of                                               ❏ In-water construction would be less costly because it would avoid extensive
the trestle would be constructed in deep water (see Figure 3), while for the Onshore
Trestle Alternative, a significant portion of the trestle would be constructed on land                                                construction on a steep and unstable shoreline embankment.
(see Figure 4).
                                         Protecting the
                                         Environment during                                            THE TridenT MISSIlE
                                         Construction and
                                         Operation                                                      The Trident missile is a
                                         The Navy is committed to protecting the                         submarine-launched
                                         environment and minimizing potential
                                         environmental effects during construction
                                                                                                          ballistic missile and
                                         and operation of the proposed explosives                          is the latest of six
                                         handling wharf. The Trident Support Facilities
                                         Explosives Handling Wharf EIS will analyze                    generations of ballistic
                                         potential effects from the proposed action                    missiles. Ballistic missile
                                         on a wide range of environmental resource
                                         areas, including, but not limited to, fish, marine            submarines have been
                                         mammals, essential fish habitat, endangered
                                         and threatened species, underwater noise,
                                                                                                          a vital part of the
                                         underwater habitat, migratory and transient                   Navy’s mission since the
                                         movement of fish along the shore, cultural
                                         resources, tribal resources, water quality,
                                                                                                       inception of the Polaris
                                         wetlands, terrestrial resources, human health                 missile in 1956 and are
                                         and public safety, and consistency with the
                                         Costal Zone Management Act.                                   an integral component
                                         The Navy is also committed to complying                       of the Navy’s strategic
                                         with all applicable federal, state and                            deterrent mission.
                                         local laws and regulations. Coordination
                                         with appropriate regulatory agencies is
                                         a significant aspect in the development of
                                         the EIS, and the NEPA process ensures all
                                         applicable requirements are met. To learn
                                         more about the resource areas to be analyzed
                                         in the EIS and the NEPA process, please see the
                                         environmental resources and nePA Process and
                                         Community involvement fact sheets. Project fact
                                         sheets are available at the scoping meetings,
                                         at the information repositories, and on the
                                         project Web site at http://ehw.nbkeis.com/.

                  Community Involvement
                  During the scoping phase of the NEPA process, the Navy is welcoming public input on the proposed
                  action and alternatives and the environmental resource areas to be analyzed in the EIS. Interested
                  parties can comment on the EIS in any of the following ways:
                  ❏     Submit oral or written comments at the scoping meetings
                  ❏     Submit comments via the project Web site at http://ehw.nbkeis.com/
                  ❏     E-mail comments to nbkehweis@ssp.navy.mil
                  ❏     Mail comments to:
THE NAvY                Department of the Navy
 WANTS                  Strategic Systems Programs
  YOUR                  Public Affairs Officer
                        2521 South Clark St., Suite 1000
 INPUT!                 Arlington, vA 22202-3930

                  All comments should be submitted by July 17, 2009, for consideration in the Draft EIS.

                  For additional information contact Mrs. Sheila Murray, Navy Region Northwest Environmental Public
                  Affairs Officer, at 360-396-4981 or via e-mail at sheila.murray@navy.mil.

     For more inFormation about the TridenT Support FacilitieS exploSiveS handling WharF eiS, viSit http://ehW.nbkeiS.com/