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Republic of South Africa

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					          Position in the world
   The Republic of South Africa is a country
    located at the southern tip of Africa, with a
    2,798 kilometres coastline on the Atlantic
    and Indian Oceans. To the north lie Namibia,
    Botswana and Zimbabwe; to the east are
    Mozambique and Swaziland; while Lesotho is
    an independent country wholly surrounded by
    South African territory.
                      Languages
 South Africa has eleven official languages: Afrikaans, English,
  Ndebele, Northern South, Sotho, Swazi, Tswana, Tsonga,
  Venda, Xhosa and Zulu. In this regard it is third only to Bolivia
  and India in number. While all the languages are formally equal,
  some languages are spoken more than others. According to the
  2001 National Census, the three most spoken first home
  languages are Zulu (23.8%), Xhosa (17.6%) and Afrikaans
  (13.3%). Despite the fact that English is recognised as the
  language of commerce and science, it was spoken by only 8.2%
  of South Africans at home in 2001, an even lower percentage
  than in 1996 (8.6%).
 Many white South Africans also speak other European
  languages, such as Portuguese (also spoken by black Angolans
  and Mozambicans), German, and Greek, while some Asians and
  Indians in South Africa speak South Asian languages, such as
  Tamil, Hindi, Gujarati, Urdu and Telugu. French is still widely
  spoken by French South Africans especially in places like
  Franschhoek, where many South Africans are of French origin.
  South African French is spoken by less than 10,000 individuals.
  Congolese French is also spoken in South Africa by migrants.
                      Geography
 South Africa is located at the southernmost region of
  Africa, with a long coastline that stretches more than
  2,500 km (1,553 mi) and along two oceans (the South
  Atlantic and the Indian). At 1,219,912 km2 ,South Africa is
  the 25th-largest country in the world and is comparable in
  size to Colombia. Njesuthi in the Drakensberg at 3,408 m is
  the highest peak in South Africa.
 The interior of South Africa is a vast, flat, and sparsely
  populated scrubland, the Karoo, which is drier towards the
  northwest along the Namib desert. In contrast, the eastern
  coastline is lush and well-watered, which produces a climate
  similar to the tropics.
 To the north of Johannesburg, the altitude drops beyond
  the escarpment of the Highveld, and turns into the lower
  lying Bushveld, an area of mixed dry forest and an
  abundance of wildlife. East of the Highveld, beyond the
  eastern escarpment, the Lowveld stretches towards the
  Indian Ocean. It has particularly high temperatures, and is
  also the location of extended subtropical agriculture.
                          Satellite picture of South
                                     Africa




   The Drakensberg
mountains, the highest
mountain range in South
        Africa
     Government and politics
   South Africa has three capital cities: Cape
    Town, the largest of the three, is the
    legislative capital; Pretoria is the
    administrative capital; and Bloemfontein is the
    judicial capital. South Africa has a bicameral
    parliament: the National Council of Provinces
    (the upper house) has 90 members, while the
    National Assembly (the lower house) has 400
    members.



                                  The Union Buildings in
                                  Pretoria are the home of
                                  the South African
                                  executive
Largest Metropolitan areas in South Africa

                                                                Annual
  Code    Rank   City             Population    Province
                                                                Growth Rate


  JHB     1      Johannesburg         8,837,000 Gauteng         2.47%


  CPT     2      Cape Town            3,653,000 Western Cape    1.43%


  ETH     3      Durban               3,192,000 Kwazulu-Natal   1.36%


  EKU     4      Germiston            2,724,229 Gauteng         1.36%


  TSH     5      Pretoria             2,450,000 Gauteng         1.41%



  NMA     6      Port Elizabeth       1,572,000 Eastern Cape    0.41%



  JHB     7      Vereeniging          1,074,000 Gauteng         0.41%


  EC125   8      East London            958,000 Eastern Cape    0.32%


  FS172   9      Bloemfontein           752,906 Free State      0.21%


  GT421   10     Vanderbijlpark         650,867 Gauteng         0.13%
Presentation was made by:
     Adi Sdrancă

				
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