Meeting of the minds draws Dalai Lama by dma94275

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									                          A U S T R A L I A’ S N AT I O N A L U N I V E R S I T Y                                                           Volume 33 No.8 Friday 24 May 2002



Meeting of the minds draws Dalai Lama
The University will today host the Dalai
Lama, His Holiness Tenzin Gyatso, at a
unique forum on the human brain.
    The Dalai Lama will be one of six experts
in science and philosophy to speak at the
Mind and Science Forum at Llewellyn Hall.
    Professor Allan Snyder, Director of the
ANU/University of Sydney’s Centre for the
Mind and winner of the 2001 Marconi
International prize, will be the keynote
speaker.
    Dr John Powers, from the Faculty of
Asian Studies, organised the event and said
it provided an opportunity for a genuine
exchange of ideas and insights regarding
cognition and the functioning of the hu-
man brain.
    “Reconciliation between Asian and West-
ern approaches to the mind are now much
more possible due to advances in technolo-
gies for studying mental activity in the
brain,” Dr Powers said.
    “Scientists in the West are starting to
realise that much of what we know is learned
below the threshold of consciousness. Sub-       Thoughts and deeds: The Dalai Lama will be one of the panelists at today’s Mind and
liminal advertising regularly tries to take      Science Forum, which will examining views on the functioning of the human brain. The
advantage of this fact.”                         forum was organised by Dr John Powers (pictured with the Dalai Lama at an earlier
    Dr Powers said Buddhists have trained        meeting.
in meditative techniques relating to non-
conscious learning for nearly 1,400 years.       ence and made a significant contribution to      for Advanced Studies, ANU and Prof.
    “His Holiness has become one of the          the discussions held at the forum.”              Jack Pettigrew, Director, Vision,Touch
world’s most widely known and respected              Other panel members included Prof.           and Hearing Research Centre, University
religious leaders and has received numerous      Maxwell Bennett, Professor and Univer-           of Queensland.
honorary degrees and awards, including the       sity Chair, University of Sydney and                Forum sponsors were the National Insti-
1989 Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of         recipient of the 2001 Distinguished              tute for Bioscience, the National Institute
his efforts to develop a peaceful resolution     Achievement Medallion from the Aus-              for the Humanities, the National Institute
to the crisis in his homeland,” Dr Powers        tralian Neuroscience Society; Prof. Paul         for Asia and the Pacific and the Centre for
said.                                            Davies, Adjunct Professor of Natural             the Mind.
    “He has authored over 30 books, is re-       Philosophy in the Australian Centre for                                        LEIGH BAKER
vered by Tibetan Buddhists as one of the         Astrobiology, Macquarie University, Vis-
foremost scholars and philosophers of their      iting Professor of Physics, Imperial College     http://www.anu.edu.au/pad/community/
tradition. He has a lifelong interest in sci-    London; Prof. Frank Jackson, Institute           lectures/2002/ForumMindScience.htm



Exclusive addresses don’t improve job prospects: survey
An extensive survey of career prospects has      high status areas, is because they get less      looked at all aspects of people’s lives includ-          “If one child’s parents went to university
revealed that economic circumstances do          schooling”                                       ing where they grew up and what their               and another’s have only completed year
not affect a child’s ability to later obtain a       To measure “occupational status”, Kelley     father and mother were like.”                       nine, our statistics show that the person
job — as long as they have received a good       used an internationally recognised system            The study indicated that a person’s fam-        whose parents were more educated will usu-
education.                                       that classifies jobs into 14 groups — ranked     ily background had a far greater impact on          ally receive a more highly ranked job.”
    The survey of 25,000 people from post-       in descending order from “higher profes-         a person’s occupational success than the                 The results of the survey also showed that
codes throughout Australia by Dr Jonathan        sionals” to “farm labourers”.                    postcode in which they were raised.                 a literary culture in the family provided only a
Kelley, of the International Survey Project          Dr Kelley said that, if a person living in       Most important, Dr Kelley said, is a            small advantage to children and family in-
in the Research School of Social Sciences,       a low socio-economic status (SES) area was       father’s occupational status. If two children       come did not seem to confer any career
has dispelled many myths linking children’s      placed in a good school, the statistics indi-    grow up in families with similar education,         advantage — Dr Kelley said family income
prospects to family income, marital status       cated they would have the same chance of         income, ethnicity etc and the only differ-          was only of a minor influence to children.
and geographic location. “The assumption         obtaining a successful career as someone in      ence is the profession of the father, the                Children of divorced parents are mar-
has always been that growing up in a com-        a high SES area.                                 later-life career success of the children will      ginally disadvantaged. Mothers who work
munity full of well-educated, prosperous             “If Australian Bureau of Statistics post-    vary significantly.                                 give no occupational advantage or disad-
people in high-status occupations would          code data is looked at in a simplistic way, it       “If one father was an unskilled labourer        vantage to their children.
confer a great advantage, because the chil-      confirms sharp differences between the sorts     and the other was a professional lawyer, the             “Our research has really dispelled many
dren who grow up in these areas tend to          of jobs people end up in from different          child with the professional father could            myths about the effects of such things as
obtain better jobs in later life,” he said.      suburbs, so it has been easy for many poli-      expect to get a job that rated higher than the      money and ethnicity on the future pros-
    “We have found however that the only         ticians to make assumptions about                other child,” he said.                              pects of children.”
real reason people from poorer areas (areas      geographical disadvantage,” he said.                 Dr Kelley said parents’ education also                                             LEIGH BAKER
of a low socio-economic status) tend to have         “What we have done though, is look at        played an important role in the future ca-
“less successful” careers than those raised in   the picture in a more holistic way —we           reer success of children.                           http://ssda.anu.edu.au/studies/D0989.html

                                                                                                                                    THE
                    PEACE NET                                               TALKING TIMOR                                                 LIST & CLASSIFIEDS
                         PAGE 7                                                               PAGE 8                                                CENTRE SPREAD
Rare bird flies in for its own bit of paradise
A species of Australian bird likes to breed      cal rainforests of Queensland. These places
here but prefers to live in New Guinea, and      are ecologically quite similar, so at first
one biologist is trying to find out why.         glance the major advantages (such as escap-
    Dr Sarah Legge in the School of Botany       ing harsh climates) that European–African
and Zoology wants to know why the buff-          migrants enjoy don’t apply.
breasted paradise kingfisher comes to                Dr Legge said the species of kingfisher
mainland Australia in the breeding season        she was studying was particularly suited to
but then migrates north.                         the project.“Two features about paradise
    She said the behaviour is unusual and she    kingfishers make them a particularly inter-
has received an Australian Research Coun-        esting and useful model for looking at the
cil Discovery grant for her investigation.       question of intratropical migration. First,
    “Migration systems where birds move          the kingfisher has beautiful tail streamers




                                                                                                                                                                                          Photo: Sara Legge
huge distances between completely differ-        twice as long as its body, probably a display
ent habitats, such as from temperate Europe      to attract mates. But the tail is aerodynami-
to Africa, have been relatively well studied,”   cally inefficient, meaning it is energetically
Dr Legge said. “This is not true of              costly for the kingfishers to fly long dis-
intratropical migration, which is potentially    tances. Second, their breeding distribution      Tail tale: The paradise kingfisher’s distinctive plumage makes it an ideal species to
more perplexing because birds move shorter       within Australia covers a large latitudinal      study.
distances between ecologically similar habi-     range, from Mackay to the tip of Cape York.
tats. This raises the question of why they       Birds flying to Mackay are flying much           about what the birds do in New Guinea.                “I also intend to examine the popula-
bother migrating at all.                         further than the Cape York birds, and pre-           “Although many bird species migrate           tion genetics of the different breeding
    “For example, paradise kingfishers spend     sumably there is some benefit for this that      between Australia and New Guinea, we              populations to see how they are related to
their non-breeding season (April–October)        offsets the costs. The kingfisher’s long tail    have very little information about their dis-     each other through evolution. I hope that
in the lowland rainforests of New Guinea,        will accentuate these costs and benefits,        tribution and ecology over there,” she said.      this will throw light on the distribution of
then migrate to breed in the lowland tropi-      basically making them more measurable.”          “For example, only a handful of naturalists       lowland rainforests in Australia’s recent geo-
                                                     Dr Legge and a number of dedicated local     have observed the paradise kingfisher in          logical history as well as pinpointing where

New SIGN to                                      birdwatchers are monitoring two different
                                                 populations of birds at Mackay and Iron
                                                 Range, Cape York, to compare populations
                                                                                                  New Guinea, and very few specimens have
                                                                                                  been collected from there. I’m hoping to
                                                                                                  shed some light on the non-breeding
                                                                                                                                                    the more recent breeding populations came
                                                                                                                                                    from.”
                                                                                                                                                                                    JULIA VEITCH

help students                                    with different migration distances
                                                     Dr Legge is also trying to discover more
                                                                                                  grounds of each Australian population of
                                                                                                  kingfishers.”                                     http://online.anu.edu.au/BoZo/

New students will have some extra help
adapting to campus culture and the rigours
                                                 National Institutes Lecture Series
of study following the adoption of a peer-
mentoring scheme.
    Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education),
Professor Malcolm Gillies, this month an-
                                                 Link between global warming and health examined
nounced that a Student Information and           The National Institute for Environment                                                             other health risks are also anticipated. The
Guidance Network (SIGN) would be                 will present “Climate Change: Does Global                                                          ‘health warning’ is becoming clearer.”
funded for the next 2 years.                     Warming Warrant a Health Warning?” at                                                                  Prof. McMichael joined NCEPH last
    The will train later-year students to        Parliament House on Wednesday, the sec-                                                            year. He was, from 1994 until 2001, Profes-
help groups of five to 10 new students           ond lecture in the National Institutes Lecture                                                     sor of Epidemiology at the renowned
adapt to the campus culture and rigours          Series.                                                                                            London School of Hygiene and Tropical
of the ANU.                                         The lecture, presented by the Director of                                                       Medicine and established the Centre on
    SIGN has grown from a pilot program in       the ANU’s National Centre for Epidemiol-                                                           Globalisation, Environmental Change and
second semester last year to include 100         ogy and Population Health (NCEPH),                                                                 Health. Prof. McMichael is a well-known
mentors helping more than 700 new stu-           Professor Tony McMichael (right), will ex-                                                         epidemiologist with interests in the popula-
dents this year.                                 amine the consequences for human                                                                   tion health consequences of global
    Clara O’Shea at the Centre for Educa-        population health posed by climate change.                                                         environmental change. Since 1993 he has
tional Development and Academic Methods             “Climate change is one of several un-                                                           coordinated the assessment of health im-
(CEDAM) coordinated the program with             precedented, large-scale, environmental                                                            pacts for the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel
participation from staff throughout the cam-     changes caused by excessive human pres-                                                            on Climate Change. His recent book, Hu-
pus — including the International                sures on the biosphere,” Prof. McMichael                                                           man Frontiers, Environments and Disease:
Education Office, Student Services, the          said. “These changes to Earth’s life-support                                                       Past Patterns, Uncertain Futures, was pub-
Academic Skills and Learning Centre, Ca-         systems have consequences for human popu-        the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Cli-          lished in 2001 by Cambridge University
reers, Disability and the Students’              lation health. However, since these              mate Change, and, increasingly, by national       Press.
Association.                                     environmental change processes span dec-         governments (including, currently, the Aus-           The lecture will be held at 12.30pm in
    New students involved in SIGN said it        ades, health impacts are mostly neither          tralian Government),” he said. “In some           the Senate Alcove at Parliament House. For
was the safety blanket they needed, provid-      immediate nor dramatic.                          parts of the world there is incipient evidence    details contact National Institute for Envi-
ing the best opportunity to meet people             “Assessments of health risks have re-         of climate-induced changes to the transmis-       ronment coordinator, Natalie Stuckings,
across campus and help in coping with the        cently been carried out, internationally, by     sion of several infectious disease. Various       on 6125 6599.
details of university life (including signing
up to tutorials, finding cheap text books
and getting advice on how to survive assess-
ment).
                                                 Acclaimed Canadian writer and thinker to speak
    Verity Russell was a new student in          The National Institute of the Humanities         of the last century,” Mr Fournier said.              During his visit Mr Saul will discuss
2001 when the program helped her settle          will host internationally acclaimed writer           “I am delighted to be able to add Mr Saul     his latest book, On Equilibrium, in which
in and make new friends, and has                 and thinker, John Ralston Saul, for a show-      to a growing list of distinguished speakers       he explains how different qualities give
mentored this year. She said mentoring           case lecture at the Manning Clark lecture        who have been part of our Dialogue Canada         people the intelligence, self-confidence
gave her an excellent opportunity to learn       theatre on Wednesday.                            program.”                                         and practical ability to think and act as
more about the campus, meet people                  Canadian High Commissioner Jean                   Mr Saul is perhaps best known for his         responsible individuals. He argues, how-
across Faculties and develop her interper-       Fournier will introduce Mr Saul, a thought-      internationally best-selling philosophy tril-     ever, that when certain human qualities
sonal skills.                                    provoking, lively and often controversial        ogy, Voltaire’s Bastards: The Dictatorship of     are worshipped in isolation they become
    Professor Gillies commended SIGN             speaker.                                         Reason in the West, The Doubter’s Compan-         weaknesses, even forces of destruction or
mentors as being the “frontline of an ena-          Mr Fournier said Mr Saul was one of           ion: A Dictionary of Aggressive Common Sense      self-destruction.
bling culture at the ANU”, one that gave         Canada’s most respected writers and think-       and The Unconscious Civilization, which              John Ralston Saul was named Canadian
new students the skill, knowledge and ini-       ers.                                             won the 1996 Canadian Governor Gener-             Humanist of the Year in 1995.
tiative to make the most of their university        “One of my greatest pleasures as Cana-        al’s Literary Award for Non-Fiction.                 The lecture will be held on Wednesday
experience.                                      dian High Commissioner is to bring together          Mr Saul has also published five novels        May 29 at 11.30am in Manning Clark
                               CLARA O’SHEA      Australians and Canadians in dialogue to         including the bestseller Birds of Prey. His       Lecture Theatre One, for more informa-
      Coordinator, Student Information &         extend the close, enduring and productive        books are translated into more than a dozen       tion contact ANU enquiries on 6125
      Guidance Network (SIGN) CEDAM              relationship we have forged over the course      languages and now sold around the world.          2229.


2 – ANU Reporter Friday 24 May 2002 (Vol. 33, No.8)                                                                                                   http://www.anu.edu.au/reporter
Obituary
Distinguished economist was central bank champion
S
       ir Leslie Melville, the distinguished       Bank in 1953. He moved back to Sydney until      British Commonwealth economic and finan-              of international stature. By the end of his
       economist, died in Canberra on 30           1950 when he was appointed Australia’s rep-      cial consultations in London in early 1944            seven-year term this had been largely achieved.
       April, just over a month after celebrat-    resentative at the International Monetary Fund   and later the same year he was chosen by Prime        One of his final and most difficult tasks as
ing his 100th birthday.                            and World Bank in Washington. At the Com-        Minister Curtin to lead the Australian team to        Vice-Chancellor was to negotiate the amalga-
    Born on Sydney’s north shore at Marsfield      monwealth Bank, he created the Economic          the United Nations monetary and financial             mation of the ANU with Canberra University
on 26 March 1902, his life spanned the 20th        Department (later the Research Department        conference at Bretton Woods. In 1946 he               College. While at the ANU he resumed his
century. His career occupied six decades and       and predecessor of the current Economic          observed the first meeting of the governors of        career as one of Australia’s leading economic
embraced a significant and diverse range of        Group), which under his direction soon be-       the IMF and World Bank in Savannah, Geor-             advisers.
activities on several continents. Most of his      came one of Australia’s leading centres for      gia, as the representative of Australia; later that       When his term as Vice-Chancellor expired
working life, however, was devoted to serving      economic research. In 1935 he invited Dr H.      year he was appointed by the Secretary-Gen-           in 1960 he was appointed by Menzies to the
the Commonwealth of Australia.                     C. Coombs to become his assistant. Melville’s    eral of the United Nations to chair the               Tariff Board as its chair. This was always going
    His father, Richard Ernest Melville, was a     role as Economic Adviser was to advise the       Economic and Social Council’s sub-commit-             to be a difficult assignment for one who
bank manager whose forebears had come to           Governor and Board of the Commonwealth           tee on Employment and Economic Stability.             strongly believed that Australia’s tariff protec-
Australia from Northern Ireland. He was the        Bank, which, until the establishment of the          In 1948 Melville’s career suffered a set-         tion was excessive and that tariff making
youngest of four children, the second of whom      Reserve Bank in 1960, was Australia’s central    back when the Prime Minister and Treasurer,           necessitated a rational rather than an emo-
was killed in action shortly before the end of     bank. Melville himself did much to create the    J. B. Chifley, nominated Coombs for the               tional approach. After two years of considerable
the First World War. After attending primary       central banking functions of the Common-         position of Governor of the Commonwealth              turbulence he resigned dramatically following
schools in Rose Bay and Darlinghurst, he won       wealth Bank. He attended the Imperial            Bank. Coombs himself believed that the posi-          irreconcilable differences over tariff policy with
a scholarship to the Sydney Church of Eng-         Economic Conference at Ottawa in 1932 as         tion should have been Melville’s and had              the Minister for Trade, John McEwen.
land Grammar School (Shore) in North                                                                                                                          Thereafter, until his effective retirement in
Sydney. So proficient was he in mathematics                                                                                                               the mid-1970s, Melville worked as a consult-
that he was commonly known among his                                                                                                                      ant to the Development Advisory Service of
contemporaries as the ‘Isaac Newton of Shore’.                                                                                                            the World Bank in Washington, leading mis-
    From Shore, Melville went to the Univer-                                                                                                              sions to the Arab Republic of Syria and to the
sity of Sydney to study engineering. For a time                                                                                                           Philippines, where he was stationed for two
he was a resident on a scholarship at St Paul’s                                                                                                           years. He undertook a number of government
College, where he took on tutoring responsi-                                                                                                              assignments, including the enquiries into
bilities. But he was soon persuaded by the                                                                                                                Wages and Industry in the Territory of Papua
University’s Professor of Mathematics, Pro-                                                                                                               and New Guinea; the Oil Industry’s Terms
fessor Carslaw, to become an actuary and was                                                                                                              and Conditions for Refining of Indigenous
offered part-time work in the office of the                                                                                                               Crude Oil; the Treasurer’s Proposals for a
New South Wales State Actuary. He switched                                                                                                                New Superannuation Scheme for Australian
his course to economics, which he could study                                                                                                             Government Employees; and the Common-
part-time and combine economics with math-                                                                                                                wealth Committee of Enquiry on Health
ematics and statistics. He studied economics                                                                                                              Insurance. He remained a member of the
under R. F. Irvine, R. C. Mills and F. C.                                                                                                                 Board of the Reserve Bank until 1974, and
Benham, graduating Bachelor of Economics                                                                                                                  served as Chair of the Commonwealth Grants
with first class honours in 1925.                                                                                                                         Commission for eight years until the mid-
    At the age of 21, and before he had com-                                                                                                              1970s.
pleted either his economics degree (which he                                                                                                                  Perhaps no other Australian economist has
continued by correspondence) or his actuarial                                                                                                             equalled the extensive array of senior govern-
studies, he was appointed Public Actuary of
South Australia. His major duty was to ad-                      Leslie Galfreid Melville                                                                  ment appointments that Melville held during
                                                                                                                                                          his lifetime. He continued throughout his
minister the public service superannuation
scheme and regulate private schemes in the                                          1902–2002                                                             career to regard himself primarily as an econo-
                                                                                                                                                          mist and was proud of the respect with which
state, but he was frequently called upon by the                                                                                                           economics and economists had come to be
South Australian government to advise on           adviser to the Governor of the Common-           argued without success in favour of Melville in       held within Australia by the middle of the
economic matters, becoming in effect the first     wealth Bank, and in 1933 he went to the          discussions with the Prime Minister. Melville         20th century. Many of the articles he wrote
economist appointed at a senior level in any       World Economic Conference in London as           was subsequently appointed Assistant Gover-           throughout his career were published in the
Australian government service. In 1929 he          economic adviser to the Australian delega-       nor (Central Banking), declining the offer to         Economic Record, the publication of the Eco-
was appointed inaugural Professor of Eco-          tion. In 1935 he assisted the Reserve Bank of    become Ritchie Research Professor of Eco-             nomics Society of Australia and New Zealand.
nomics at the University of Adelaide. As the       New Zealand at the request of its Governor.      nomics at the University of Melbourne and a           He served for many years as President of the
only permanent member of the Department            In 1936 he gave path-breaking evidence —         suugestion that he take the Directorship of the       Society, having joined it as a foundation mem-
of Economics, he was obliged to teach all three    both written and oral — to the Royal Com-        Research School of Social Sciences at the new         ber in Adelaide in 1925. He was elected
years of economics in addition to the statistics   mission on Australia’s monetary and banking      national university in Canberra (earlier he had       Distinguished Fellow of the Society upon his
course.                                            systems.                                         been considered for the position of Vice-             90th birthday in 1992.
    Together with L. F. Giblin, D. B. Copland,                                                                                                                Melville was a person of his time and social
and E. O. G. Shann, Melville played a crucial                                                                                                             circumstances. He possessed a restrained tem-
role in advising Australian governments dur-
                                                    Coombs wrote to him saying that “in the years you were with the                                       perament and was never one to seek the
ing the depression of the early 1930s. In 1930,     Bank, you made a contribution to the theory and practice of                                           limelight. Yet he never doubted his own abili-
together with Copland and Shann, Melville           central banking which is without equal in the world” …                                                ties, which were substantial, and never shied
advised Alfred Davidson, General Manager of                                                                                                               away from responsibility, which had been
the Bank of New South Wales, to break with                                                                                                                thrust upon him at a remarkably early age.
sterling and devalue the Australian pound.             On the eve of the Second World War,          Chancellor). Instead he decided to take a year            Sir Leslie Melville had married Mary Maude
This decision was fundamentally important          Melville was appointed, together with Giblin     off from his duties at the Bank to become             Scales in Adelaide in 1925. Lady Melville
for Australia’s recovery from the depression.      and Roland Wilson, to the Advisory Commit-       familiar with the latest mathematical and             predeceased him. He was awarded the CBE in
In 1931 he was a member of the famous              tee on Financial and Economic Policy. This       econometric techniques in economics. In late          1953, created KBE in 1957, and was awarded
Copland Committee, which prepared the blue-        was the committee that planned Australia’s       1950 he was appointed Australia’s Executive           honorary degrees by the ANU and by the
print for what became known as the Premiers’       war economy during its early stages, applying    Director at the IMF and World Bank in                 Universities of Sydney and Toronto. He was
Plan. The following year he was appointed to       as it did a somewhat similar approach to war     Washington. He returned to Australia in 1953          a Fellow of both the Institute of Actuaries
the Wallace Bruce Committee, which advised         finance as John Maynard Keynes was advocat-      to succeed Sir Douglas Copland as the ANU’s           (London) and the Institute of Actuaries (Aus-
the Lyons government on the progress of the        ing in the United Kingdom. It was this           second Vice-Chancellor. Upon his retirement           tralia), and a Distinguished Fellow of the
measures adopted as part of the Premiers’          committee, too, which conceived Australia’s      from the Commonwealth Bank, Coombs                    Economic Society of Australia. A portrait of
Plan.                                              postwar economic policy, based as it was on      wrote to him saying that “in the years you were       him by Bryan Westwood is to be found hang-
    In March 1931 Melville was appointed to        the objective of full employment. In 1943 he     with the Bank, you made a contribution to the         ing in the Chancelry of the Australian National
the Commonwealth Bank as its first Eco-            was appointed Acting Director-General of the     theory and practice of central banking which          University. He is survived by his sons, Tig and
nomic Adviser. The appointment was                 Ministry of Post-War Reconstruction during       is without equal in the world”.                       Tony.
originally for one year but was extended at        the absence overseas of Coombs. Melville led         At the national university he continued the                                      SELWYN CORNISH
five- yearly intervals until he retired from the   the Australian delegation to the important       work of his predecessor to create a university


http://www.anu.edu.au/reporter                                                                                                               Friday 24 May 2002 (Vol.33, No.8) ANU Reporter – 3
Obituary
Influential and inspiring academic economist
W
             ith the passing of Heinz Arndt,                                                                                                              Although always part of the economic
             the ANU and Australia have lost                                                                                                          policy debate, Heinz never occupied a
             a prodigiously productive and                                                                                                            government position. But his substantial
influential academic economist, a pioneer                                                                                                             influence on Australian policy came mainly
of the country’s engagement with Southeast                                                                                                            through interaction with the many direct
Asia, an inspiring teacher and researcher,                                                                                                            participants in affairs of state whom he had
and one of this country’s truly remarkable                                                                                                            taught or with whom he engaged in
public intellectuals.                                                                                                                                 conversation and (sometimes voluminous)
    His life was diverse, engaged and fulfilled.                                                                                                      correspondence.
Born in Breslau in 1915, he spent most of                                                                                                                 Heinz was a liberal, humane, kind and
his childhood in Germany. In 1933 his                                                                                                                 tolerant man who believed fiercely in poverty
father, also an academic, was dismissed by                                                                                                            eradication in the third world, and in social
the Nazi regime and the family migrated to                                                                                                            justice. He moved effortlessly between and
England. There followed study at Oxford                                                                                                               among societies, seemingly just as happy at
and the London School of Economics(LSE),                                                                                                              high-level international conferences as playing
and an academic appointment at Man-                                                                                                                   animated games of chess on the streets of
chester. His major intellectual achievement                                                                                                           Jakarta. Foreign students in Canberra especially
over this period, and the first of many                                                                                                               appreciated his kind personal touches, ranging
books, was his classic study The Economic                                                                                                             from airport pick-ups to hospital visits and
Lessons of the Nineteen Thirties (1944), a                                                                                                            personal counselling.
book to which reference was still made half                                                                                                               Heinz judged professional capacities and
a century later.                                                                                                                                      provided personal opportunities without
    In 1946 Heinz accepted an offer of a senior                                                                                                       regard to gender from the beginning. Several
lectureship at the University of Sydney, and he                                                                                                       eminent female academics received their starts
and his young family arrived in this country                                                                                                          or important steps forward in Heinz’s
for a “two- to three-year stint”, as he put it in                                                                                                     Economics Department, some as PhD
his delightful memoir, A Course through Life                                                                                                          students, others as staff. He rather enjoyed
(1985). Five years later, he took up the                                                                                                              being practically the’token male’ for a period
foundation chair of Economics at the then                                                                                                             in the NCDS.
Canberra University College.                                                                                                                              He also read voraciously, in several
    For the next 50 years — first in this                                                                                                             languages. At his home in Deakin a week
teaching chair, later in the Research School                                                                                                          before his death, one of us noticed a book in
of Pacific Studies, and finally in “retirement”                                                                                                       French, not one of his three main languages,
at the National Centre for Development                                                                                                                on a table. “I need to brush up,” he said. He
Studies (NCDS) — Canberra and the ANU                                                                                                                 loved classical music, and enjoyed sketching
were the base from which Heinz made such                                                                                                              during his travels. He kept a regular diary,
a profound contribution in so many fields.                                                                                                            especially when travelling abroad. Some of his
    Most of his first two decades of academic                                                                                                         notes were published in his highly entertaining
life in Australia were devoted to work on the                                                                                                         volume, Asian Diaries (1986).
Australian economy, and he quickly became                                                                                                                 Heinz loved Canberra. He took pride in its
the leading authority on money and banking,                                                                                                           growth, showing visitors its beauty of nature
making contributions in other fields as well.                                                                                                         and design. He was an active participant in
His seminal work, The Australian Trading                                                                                                              debates about the planning of Canberra
Banks, went through several editions. He                                                                                                              throughout his life. For a period before self-
was President of the Economic Society of                                                                                                              government, he served as a member of the
Australia, and for many years edited its
journal, the Economic Record.
    In 1963, at the invitation of Sir John
                                                                 Heinz Wolfgang Arndt                                                                 Territory’s Advisory Council.
                                                                                                                                                          Heinz held passionate views about
                                                                                                                                                      contemporary politics throughout his life. He
Crawford, he took up a research chair at the
ANU and with it an entirely new endeavour.
                                                                                   1915–2002                                                          also enjoyed recounting the changing emphases
                                                                                                                                                      in these views. As a student at Oxford and
Recognising the importance of the Asia-                                                                                                               LSE, he was on the left of the political spectrum,
Pacific region well before it entered the           the journal. He also published several books,   diligence and flair of his academic leadership.   and a committed Fabian. In his first two
mainstream, he pioneered the study of               including some of his collected papers, and     Students’ drafts were almost invariably           decades in Australia, he was an active member
Indonesian economic development in this             travelled frequently. He remained deeply        returned within 48 hours, typically with          of the Labor Party. His first ANU appointment
country. In what to some appeared a                 engaged in discussions about economic           several pages of typed comments and detailed      was not without controversy: a former student
hopelessly ambitious (indeed reckless)              policy in Australia, Asian developing           grammatical corrections.                          and future Prime Minister, William
initiative, he established the ANU’s                economies, and the international economy            His contribution to Australian public         McMahon, denounced in Parliament the
Indonesian Economy Project. In 1964, he             with colleagues, graduate students, and those   affairs and political life was also immense,      appointment of a well-known “pink professor”.
undertook the first of more than 50 visits to       passing through the ANU. He remained to         grounded in his firm belief that economics        Over time, he became more conservative. By
that country, the most recent being just last       the end an engaging correspondent with          had a social purpose, and that economic           the 1970s, as he once remarked, he began to
month. In 1964, Sukarno’s Indonesia was             prominent economists all over the world.        literacy was essential to the functioning of a    worry less about “market failure”, and more
in disarray and economics as a formal                  In his academic life, Heinz Arndt was        modern democratic state. He was a key             about ‘government failure’. After doing much
discipline hardly existed, but that did not                                                                                                           for the Labor Party through its barren years of
deter him. The project, including its journal,                                                                                                        opposition from 1949, he resigned over
the Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies                                                                                                           unhappiness with its foreign policy shortly
(now in its 38th year of continuous                   He moved effortlessly between and among societies, seemingly                                    before the election of the Whitlam government.
publication) flourished, and the ANU                                                                                                                  But it would be a mistake to regard Heinz as
quickly became the pre-eminent                        just as happy at high-level international conferences as playing                                a libertarian on economic issues. He believed
international centre for the study of the                                                                                                             in judicious government intervention.
Indonesian economy.                                   animated games of chess on the streets of Jakarta.                                                  He received numerous medals, awards and
    In “retirement” from 1981, he was just                                                                                                            prizes both in Australia and Indonesia. An
as active and, freed of a heavy administrative                                                                                                        ANU chair has been named in his honour.
load, even more productive. For several             both a visionary and a practical builder. He    figure in adult education in Sydney and               Heinz’s wife, Ruth, whom he married in
years he chaired a major research program           loved teaching, and supervising graduate        Canberra. He founded the ACT Branch of            1941, and who was also prominent and active
on ASEAN–Australia economic relations.              students. Dozens of his former graduate         the Australia-Indonesia Association. For          in Canberra circles and beyond, died last year.
In 1986, he established another significant         students now occupy important positions         many years he edited the influential              He is survived by his three children, Bettina,
international journal, Asian–Pacific                in government, academia and business in         magazine, Quadrant, and was also a frequent       Christopher and Nicholas, nine grandchildren,
Economic Literature, and had continued to           many countries. For an outsider, it is          contributor to various Australian                 and one great grandchild.
serve as its very active editor for the life of     impossible to appreciate the enormous           newspapers.                                                      ROSS GARNAUT AND HAL HILL
                                                                                                                                                                        The
                                                                                                                                                                                          List
SEMINARS                                                                       quiries to Audra Johnstone on 6125 3728 or                                           4–5.30pm                                                                     House. Enquiries to Natalie Stuckings, Coordina-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     30 May–30 June
                                                                               <Audra.Johnstone@anu.edu.au>.                                                        Celebrities in the Transnational Frontiers of Con-                           tor, National Institute for Environment on 6125
                                                                                                                                                                    temporary Vietnam                                                            6599 or <Natalie.Stuckings@anu.edu.au>.                                             Joe Furlonger: Land/Sea/City
                                                                                                                                                                    Mandy Thomas                                                                 <http://ni.anu.edu.au>                                                              Paintings, etchings and ceramics that explore three
24 May                                                                         31 May                                                                               Spirits, borders and the symbolic articulation of global                                                                                                         distinct elements of Australian landscape. ANU
11am                                                                           11am                                                                                 flows in the Vietnamese urban world                                                                                                                              Drill Hall Gallery. Enquiries to Tony Oates on 6125
Patronage and Politics: The motivations behind the                             Historicising affect, psychoanalysing history: The                                   Philip Taylor                                                                30 May                                                                              5832 or <anthony.oates@anu.edu.au>.
Roman de Melusine and the Roman de Parthenay                                   discourse of child sexuality                                                         Conference Room, Old Canberra House, Lennox                                  6.30pm
Tania Colwell. Geoffrey Fairbairn Room 1207,                                   Steven Angelides. Geoffrey Fairbairn Room 1207,                                      Crossing. Enquiries to Celia Bridgewater on 6125                             Apocalyptic Visions and the Law: The Legacy of
Haydon- Allen Building. Enquiries to Ann Curthoys                              Haydon-Allen Building. Enquiries to Ann Curthoys                                     3779 or <celia.bridgewater@anu.edu.au>                                       September 11                                                                        30 May–7 July
on 6125 0518 or <Ann.Curthoys@anu.edu.au>.                                     on 6125 0518 or <Ann.Curthoys@anu.edu.au>.                                           <http://www.anu.edu.au/culture/activities/sixpack/                           Professor Andrew Byrnes. Law Theatre, Faculty of                                    Paper as Object
                                                                                                                                                                    iconographies.htm>                                                           Law. Enquiries to Michelle Mabille on 6125 4070 or                                  Curated by Christine Ballinger, Paper as Object is
                                                                               1pm                                                                                                                                                               <michelle.mabille@anu.edu.au>.                                                      about seeing paper as being complete, an end point
                                                                               When Nations Remember: Hiroshima in the Ameri-                                                                                                                    <http://law.anu.edu.au>                                                             rather than a commodity. Opening: May 29th at
27 May                                                                         can National Consciousness                                                           6 June                                                                                                                                                           6pm CSA Gallery. Enquiries to Bronwen Sandland
1pm                                                                            Dr Alan Gross, University of Minnesota. Old Can-                                     2–3.30pm                                                                                                                                                         on 6125 5841 or <Bronwen.Sandland@anu.edu.au>.
A tribute to Pierre Bourdieu R.Bloul Sociology is a                            berra House. Enquiries to Christine Clark on 6125                                    Legal Rights to do Moral Wrongs: Constructing a                              6 June                                                                              <http://www.anu.edu.au/ITA/CSA/gallery>
Blood Sport: The Inheritors: Bourdieu & Reproduc-                              4930 or <christine.clark@anu.edu.au>.                                                Theory of Political Liberty                                                  12pm
tion of Elites: Embodied History: Bourdieu &                                   <http://www.anu.edu.au/hrc/activities/index.html>                                    Professor Heidi Hurd, University of San Diego.                               Meet the Author Series 2002
Contemporary Thought on the Body                                                                                                                                    Seminar Room D, Coombs Building. Enquiries to                                Stan Grant will launch his first book The Tears of                                  31 May
L.Saha and C.Forth. Haydon-Allen 2175 (Seminar                                 3pm                                                                                  Adrienne Stone on 6125 4120 or <Adrienne.                                    Strangers (Harper Collins). Tickets $35 includes                                    8.15pm
Room). Enquiries to Andrew Hopkins on 6125                                     Isotopic tracing of the origin of the Neolithic Alpine                               Stone@anu.edu.au>.                                                           two-course meal with wine. Bookings to National                                     Canberra Wind Soloists in Concert
4793 or <Andrew.Hopkins@anu.edu.au>.                                           Iceman                                                                               <http://lawrsss.anu.edu.au/>                                                 Press Club on 6273 3644 National Press Club, 16                                     School of Music. Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on
                                                                               Dr Wolfgang Muller. Manning Clark Theatre 4,                                                                                                                      National Circuit, Barton, Canberra Enquiries to                                     6125 5771 or <Aernout.Kerbert@anu.edu.au>.
                                                                               Manning Clark Centre, ANU. Enquiries to Amanda                                       3.30pm                                                                       Anna Damiano on 6125 0794 or <Anna.Damiano@
28 May                                                                         Kennedy on 6125 0470 or <car@anu.edu.au>.                                            Exploring the Environmental History of Castlereagh                           anu.edu.au>.
11–12pm                                                                        <http://car.anu.edu.au/seminars2002.html>                                            and the Penrith Lakes Scheme                                                 <http://www.anu.edu.au/pad/community/literary/>                                     5 June
Between Islands and Archives: A Cinematic Ap-                                                                                                                       Grace Karskens. Seminar Room E, Coombs Build-                                                                                                                    6pm
proach to History and Anthropology                                             3pm                                                                                  ing. Enquiries to Tim Rowse on 6125 2445 or                                                                                                                      String Soiree. Students and Staff of the String Depart-
Seminar Room E (Room 2239) Coombs Building.                                    Gender Reconstructions of the Self in Cuban and                                      <tim.rowse@anu.edu.au>.                                                      EXHIBITIONS,                                                                        ment Show Off!!
Enquiries to Oanh Collins on 6125 3106 or                                      Spanish Cinema                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        RR3, School of Music. Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert
<collins@coombs.anu.edu.au>.                                                   Dr Brigida M. Pastor, University of Glasgow. Old                                     4pm                                                                          CONCERTS                                                                            on 6125 5771 or <Aernout.Kerbert@anu.edu.au>.
<http://rspas.anu.edu.au/pah/seminars.htm>                                     Canberra House. Enquiries to Christine Clark on                                      Chemical ecology of termites: trail pheromones,
                                                                               6125 4930 or <christine.clark@anu.edu.au>.                                           phagostimulants, and alarm signals                                                                                                                               7pm
3.30–5pm                                                                       <http://www.anu.edu.au/hrc/activities/index.html>                                    Judith Reinhard. School of Botany and Zoology                                                                                                                    JAZZ in the Band Room. Duo "Time Within",
Modeling and Forecasting Australian Fertility                                                                                                                       Seminar Rm, Building 116, Daley Rd, ANU.                                     18 April–26 May                                                                     Commercial Ensemble & Trio "Three of a Kind"
Demography & Sociology Program Seminar: Dr                                     3.45pm                                                                               Enquiries to Audra Johnstone on 6125 3728 or                                 Peripecia The Salvator Rosa Series                                                  Band Room, Peter Karmel Building, School of Mu-
Yohannes Kinfu Ashagrea, Australian Housing and                                From vesicles to epilepsy: in vitro models of neuronal                               <Audra.Johnstone@anu.edu.au>.                                                Mandy Martin. Drill Hall Gallery, Kingley St, Acton.                                sic. Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 6125 5771 or
Urban Research Institute. Seminar Room A, Coombs                               excitability                                                                                                                                                      Wed–Sun 12–5pm. Enquiries to Anthony Oates on                                       <Aernout.Kerbert@anu.edu.au>.
Building No. 9, Fellows Road, ANU. Enquiries to                                Dr John Bekkers, Division of Neuroscience, Cer-                                                                                                                   6125 5832 or <anthony.oates@anu.edu.au>.
Vanessa McGrath on 6125 3629 or <vanessa.                                      ebral Cortex Laboratory, Florey Lecture Theatre,                                     7 June                                                                       <http://www.anu.edu.au/pad/drillhall.html>
mcgrath@anu.edu.au>.                                                           The John Curtin School of Medical Research, Build-                                   11am                                                                                                                                                             5–16 June
                                                                               ing 54. Enquiries to Dr Sharon Oleskevich on 6125                                    Do whites have rights?: White Detroit policemen and                                                                                                              Production and Clearance Graham Clarkson
                                                                               8998 or <Sharon.Oleskevich@anu.edu.au>.                                              'reverse discrimination' protests in the 1970s                               22 May–2 June                                                                       A ceramic installation by Graham Clarkson, a
29 May                                                                         <http://jcsmr.anu.edu.au/whatson.htm>                                                Dennis Deslippe. Geoffrey Fairbairn Room 1207,                               Paysage de Sel (Salt country) — Frank Thirion                                       MAVA student in the NITA Ceramics workshop.
12.30–2pm                                                                                                                                                           Haydon- Allen Building. Enquiries to Ann Curthoys                            Salt Country is a visual response to the growing                                    CSA Foyer Gallery. Enquiries to Bronwen Sandland
Principles for Effective Aboriginal Governance                                                                                                                      on 6125 0518 or <Ann.Curthoys@anu.edu.au>.                                   salinity problem now facing the Australian conti-                                   on 6125 5841 or <Bronwen.Sandland@anu.edu.au>.
Dr Dave Martin, CAEPR. CAEPR Seminar Room,                                     3 June                                                                                                                                                            nent. CSA Foyer Gallery. Enquiries to Bronwen                                       <http://www.anu.edu.au/ITA/CSA/gallery>
Ground Floor, Hanna Neuman Bldg. No. 21, ANU.                                  1pm                                                                                  3pm                                                                          Sandland on 6125 5841 or <Bronwen.Sandland@
Enquiries to Jelena Kovac on 6125 0587 or                                      Informal Social Learning in Indonesian Civil Service                                 “La France musulmane": Colonial and Indigenous                               anu.edu.au>.
<publications.caepr@anu.edu.au>.                                               Training                                                                             Identities in the Painting of French Algeria                                 <http://www.anu.edu.au/ITA/CSA/gallery>                                             6 June
<http://www.anu.edu.au/caepr>                                                  Muhammad Firdaus, PhD thesis proposal. Haydon–                                       Dr Roger Benjamin, Joint HRC-CCR Fellow. Old                                                                                                                     1pm
                                                                               Allen 2175 (Seminar Room). Enquiries to Andrew                                       Canberra House. Enquiries to Christine Clark on                                                                                                                  Lunchtime Concert. JAZZ, bring your lunch and
4pm–5.30pm                                                                     Hopkins on 6125 4793 or <Andrew.Hopkins@                                             6125 4930 or <christine.clark@anu.edu.au>.                                   25 May                                                                              swing
Smashing Statues, Dancing Sivas: Two Tales of an                               anu.edu.au>.                                                                         <http://www.anu.edu.au/hrc/activities/index.html>                            8.15pm                                                                              RR3, School of Music. Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert
Icon                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             CSM Symphony Orchestra                                                              on 6125 5771 or <Aernout.Kerbert@anu.edu.au>.
Sanjay Seth                                                                                                                                                         3.45pm                                                                       Llewellyn Hall, School of Music. Enquiries to
The Saffronized Rama: Authenticating Hinduism as                               4 June                                                                               Ionic currents that determine the output of lateral                          Aernout Kerbert on 6125 5771 or <Aernout.
Hindutva                                                                       3.30–5pm                                                                             amygdala neurons                                                             Kerbert@anu.edu.au>.                                                                7 June
Debjani Ganguly                                                                Demographic Warfare: Deploying Population 'Data'                                     Dr Luli Faber, Division of Neuroscience, Learning                                                                                                                7.30pm
Conference Room, Old Canberra House, Lennox                                    in Propaganda Campaigns Over Tibet                                                   and Emotion Laboratory, The John Curtin School                                                                                                                   Annual Percussion Gala & World Music Ensemble
Crossing. Enquiries to Celia Bridgewater on                                    Dr Geoff Childs, Demography & Sociology Pro-                                         of Medical Research, Building 54, Florey Lecture                             26 May                                                                              with Gary France and special guest Graeme Leak
61253779 or <celia.bridgewater@anu.edu.au>.                                    gram Seminar Seminar Room A, Coombs Building                                         Theatre. Enquiries to Dr Sharon Oleskevich on                                3pm                                                                                 ANU Arts Centre. Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on
<http://www.anu.edu.au/culture/activities/sixpack/                             No. 9, Fellows Road, ANU. Enquiries to Vanessa                                       6125 8998 or <Sharon.Oleskevich@anu.edu.au>.                                 Sunday Afternoon Coffee Concert: Dvorak, Dumky                                      6125 5771 or <Aernout.Kerbert@anu.edu.au>.
iconographies.htm>                                                             McGrath on 6125 3629 or <vanessa.mcgrath@                                            <http://jcsmr.anu.edu.au/whatson.htm>                                        Piano Trio & Smetana
                                                                               anu.edu.au>.                                                                                                                                                      Piano Trio performed by Barbara Jane Gilby, Char-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 lotte Winslade and Anne Ewing. Rehearsal Room 3,                                    9 June
30 May                                                                                                                                                              PUBLIC LECTURES                                                              School of Music. Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on                                    11am
3.30pm                                                                         5 June                                                                                                                                                            6125 5771 or <Aernout.Kerbert@anu.edu.au>.                                          Piano Marathon
The 1840’s Depression and the Origins of Australian                            12.30–2pm                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Do you like piano? Do you like to hear lots of your
Captialism                                                                     Indigenous Leadership: Issues of Legitimacy, Au-                                                                                                                                                                                                      favourite piano concertos in a couple of hours? Then
Chris Lloyd, Hohnen Room, Chancelry. Enquiries                                 thority and Representation in an Urban Aboriginal                                    28 May                                                                       29 May                                                                              don't miss this. Be there at 11am Llewellyn Hall,
to Tim Rowse on 6125 2445 or <tim.rowse@                                       Community                                                                            12pm                                                                         8.15pm                                                                              School of Music. Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on
anu.edu.au>.                                                                   Dale Sutherland, Research Fellow, AIATSIS.                                           Meet the Author Series 2002                                                  International Pianist Series. Mark Kruger plays                                     6125 5771 or <Aernout.Kerbert@anu.edu.au>.
                                                                               CAEPR Seminar Room, Ground Floor, Hanna                                              Don Watson will launch his book Recollections of a                           Beethoven Hammerklavier Sonata and premieres of
4pm                                                                            Neuman Bldg. No. 21, ANU. Enquiries to Jelena                                        Bleeding Heart: A Portrait of Paul Keating PM. Tickets                       Sitsky Greenbaum and Grandison
Behavioural and Molecular Ecology of White's skink,                            Kovac on 6125 0587 or <publications.caepr@                                           $35, Bookings to National Press Club on 6273 3644.                           Llewellyn Hall, School of Music. Enquiries to                                       SPECIAL EVENTS
Egernia whitii                                                                 anu.edu.au>.                                                                         National Press Club, 16 National Circuit, Barton,                            Aernout Kerbert on 6125 5771 or <Aernout.
Dave Chapple, School of Botany and Zoology Semi-                               <http://www.anu.edu.au/caepr>                                                        Canberra. Enquiries to Anna Damiano on 6125                                  Kerbert@anu.edu.au>.
nar Rm, Building 116, Daley Rd, ANU. Enquiries to                                                                                                                   0794 or <Anna.Damiano@anu.edu.au>.
Audra Johnstone on 6125 3728 or <Audra.                                        2–5pm                                                                                <http://www.anu.au/pad/community/literary/>                                                                                                                      5 June
Johnstone@anu.edu.au>.                                                         Commercialisation of Research. A new open work-                                                                                                                   30 May                                                                              TBA
                                                                               shop/seminar series by practioners                                                                                                                                1pm                                                                                 National Institute for Environment Launch
4.30pm                                                                         Amenities Room, Level 2, DITR, 33 Allara Street,                                     29 May                                                                       Lunchtime Concert                                                                   Enquiries to Natalie Stuckings on 6125 6599 or
The influence of weed invasion on reproductive and                             Civic . Enquiries to Vicki Veness on 6125 9883 or                                    12.30pm                                                                      Something Different for Lunch. Bring your lunch                                     <Natalie.Stuckings@anu.edu.au>.
other key behaviours of the common garden skink,                               <vicki.veness@anu.edu.au> or <donna.sharp@                                           Environmental Change and Human Health                                        and listen to some amazing percussion! RR 3, School                                 <http://www.ni.anu.edu.au>
Lampropholis guichenoti                                                        industry.gov.au>.                                                                    National Institute for Environment Lecture: Profes-                          of Music. Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 6125
Anke Maria Hoefer. School of Botany and Zoology                                <http://www.anu.edu.au/ngsm>                                                         sor Tony McMichael. Senate Alcove, Parliament                                5771 or <Aernout.Kerbert@anu.edu.au>.
Seminar Rm, Building 116, Daley Rd, ANU. En-




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                               FOR SALE                                        Gallagher (Theresa.Gallagher@anu.edu.au) on ext 50203 / 6260 4487.                                                                                                AINSLIE: 2 bdr free share with prof. female cottage style, quiet area, close to     HOUSE SITTER, Experienced housesitter. Reliable 33 year old female. Long
                                                                               FISH BONE CHINA English tea service (for 6), ‘Colclough’ rosebud, gold            from the ANU Reporter website at:                                               pub transport, deck out back, Negotiable. Contact Tash on 04187 72454.              or short-term. Love pets and gardening; contact Monica on 02 62964159 or
MACPAC BUSH cocoon bivvy bag, $350.00 ono; contact Robyn on                    trim, mint condition, $150 ono; contact Terry Gallagher                                                                                                           AINSLIE: share-house - two rooms available, 100. Contact Kate on                    monica@wphconsult.com.
62539964.                                                                      (Theresa.Gallagher@anu.edu.au) on ext 50203 / 6260 4487.                                                                                                          0407917574.                                                                         INDONESIAN TUTORING, native speaker with flexible hours and rates.
1 x 2 SPEED mounted wall heater (great for large living room), $50; contact    BABY BACK CARRIER, sturdy, waist belt. Quality brand, $30 ono; contact                   <www.anu.edu.au/reporter>                                                TURNER: furnished room in new townhouse, suit visiting scholar 2-6 months,          Groups welcome; contact Djasamen Saragih on 6259 5251 or 0417235090.
Fiona Childs on 6125 4524.                                                     Terry Gallagher (Theresa.Gallagher@anu.edu.au) on ext 50203 / 6260 4487.                                                                                          $160 plus 2 wks bond. Contact Katherine on 0409150761.                              EDITING/ WRITING ASSISTANCE for reports/theses/submissions. Rea-
LOUNGE SUITE, 1x three seater, 2 x single seaters, very good condition,        FORD FALCON XY UTE, $4500 ONO; contact BRENDEN on 4721 0262.                      Only ads submitted to the website will be published                             TURNER: furnished room in new townhouse, suitable for visiting scholar 2-6          sonable rates. Call Chris 6281 3981.
$150.00; contact Nadira on 6292 2910.                                          COMPUTER, AMD 1000Mhz, 192mb RAM, 15" mon, CDROM, FDD,                                                                                                            mths, $160 plus 2 wksbond. Contact on .                                             YOGA for stress management, Wednesday lunchtime classes in H Block (Old
MATTRESS Queen and single, near new condition, Queen $30.00, Single            64mb vid, 4ch snd, 10gb HD, 56k mod, as new, $1499 ono; contact Michael           — no other submissions will be accepted by The                                  BRUCE: 1 bedroom in two-bed apt, professional/postgrad preferred, $105/w.           Admin area); contact Atma on 6247 9702.
$20.00; contact Nadira on 6292 2910.
DINING TABLE with six chairs (solid wood). Good condition, $60.00; con-
                                                                               on 6231 8438.
                                                                               COMPUTER, Comaq Armada laptop, P2 300 CPU, 128mb RAM, 13.3"
                                                                                                                                                                 Reporter. If space is limited, preference will be given                         Contact iz White on 0416 252 692.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 O’CONNOR: 4br, 2br & 1br 4 blocks from ANU, new kitch etc., 185 pw.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     STUDY TOUR, France - study tour, 4-28 October, HK stopovers, $5607, tel.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     02/6288 3194; contact Barrie Smillie, joint organiser of tour on 02/6288 3194.
tact Nadira on 6292 2910.                                                      TFT, ext CDROM, FDD, 56k modem, c/bag, $1199; contact Michael on                  on a “first in” basis.                                                          Contact Scott on 0401 710011.                                                       HOUSE SITTER, Postgraduate f n/s law student seeks housesitting for June
DOG-male kelpie loving companion, $20; contact Amanda Hart on                  6231 8438.                                                                                                                                                        O’CONNOR: room in large house with 2 females, end-June to end-Oct (neg.),           and July; contact Lisa on 6295 7076.
0412000618.                                                                    TOYOTA LEXCEN (COMMODORE) 8/90 auto, ac, low km, owners mov-                                                                                                      $110pw. Contact Brigid on 6125 2530.                                                HOUSE SITTING Professional couple available for short or long term
NISSAN BLUE-BIRD ’85, auto, a/c/heat, reg Oct, 1650; contact Eko on            ing os., $4250; contact Alison Kibler on 6257 0802 or                                                                                                             VACATION RENTAL IN PARIS: Lovely studio in the center of Paris http://              housesitting. Experienced - refs available; contact Marie Waschka on
6251 1239, 0404158305.                                                         Alison.Kibler@anu.edu.au.                                                            FORD FESTIVA 93, Rego 8/02, 2 dr hatch, exec cond, manual, 4,500 ono;        studio.provaction.com, 385 euros/week. Contact Katia on                             0407224559.
FENDER 12 string acoustic guitar w/ case, $350; contact Daniel on 6267         CELICA, 1977 Coupe, 7mths rego, reliable auto,good condition , urgent sale,          contact Jessica on 0416279054.                                               milusine@hotmail.com.                                                               CAMERA REPAIRS, all photographic equipment can be repaired: enlargers,
4466.                                                                          $1000; contact Adam on 6267 4323 or 6125 0646.                                       64MB RAM for Notebook Computers, 80; contact Vincent on 0405227847.                                                                                              tripods, lenses; contact RAANAN ZELIG on 0414 301 061.
2 DJ-ING turntables and mixer, $650; contact Daniel on 6267 4466.              MACINTOSH LC475 computer & NT laser printer, $195 the lot; contact                   SINGLE WOODEN bed red timber. Trundle, matresses, linen available extra;                              WANTED TO RENT                                             EDITING & PROOFING, Assignment, essay, thesis, anything! Spelling, gram-
SIDE TABLES x3, stacking, elegant style, $65; contact James or Marie on        Tom on 6253 9964 / 6125 0309.                                                        contact Adelle on 6253 0343 ah only.                                                                                                                             mar, language, readability. Good quals, call now! contact Alison Napper on
6255 5997.                                                                     WOODEN TRUNDLE bed + 2 mattresses, 100; contact Ochitha on 6125                      BED SINGLE quality myrtle timber. Trundle, mattresses, linen available ex-   ANYWHERE IN CANBERRA: PhD student wants to house-sit for few weeks                  0410 577 520.
VACUME CLEANER; industrial Kerrick Supavac, $90 ono; contact Marie or          0505.                                                                                tra, $200; contact Adelle on 6253 0343 ah only.                              from 23 July, neg, willing to pay some rent/week. Contact Anne McNevin on           LATIN DANCE & lesson M:0403987938; salsa@webone.com.au.
James on 6255 5997.                                                            5-SEATER wicker sofa set, 100 ono; contact Ochitha on 6125 0505.                     HONDA TRAIL BIKE XR350 red / black good condition registered; contact        6125 3902 or 6248 6005(h).                                                          DESKTOP PUBLISHING/Digital Imaging Services, Page Layout/Design,
BABY ITEMS: capsule, bouncinette, bath. Prices neg., contact James or Marie    ROUND DINING TABLE + 4 chairs, 100; contact Ochitha on 6125 0505.                    Elliott Wolf on 0402053323 ah only.                                          CLOSE TO ANU: For 3 German student volunteers, here to create a Virtual             Digital Photography, DVD/CD Burning, Digital Videography; contact Vin-
on 6255 5997.                                                                  WASHING MACHINE, National, microprocessor control, $100; contact Lena                MOTOR BIKE Honda XR350 good condition registered; contact Elliott Wolf       Field Course for Kioloa Coastal Campus, Sept 1 to Dec 1 or Jan 31. Contact          cent on 0405227847.
BED ENSEMBLE, QS, Sleepmaker Miracoil, v.g. cond., $300; contact James         on 6254 5608.                                                                        on 0402053323 ah only.                                                       Clive Hilliker on 6125 3262
on (0412) 417546.                                                              REFRIGERATOR, 2door, cyclic defrost, 370L, $400; contact Lena on 6254                TRAIL BIKE Honda XR350 good condition registered; contact Elliott Wolf                                                                                                                     WANTED TO BUY
BIKE, Protour Cavalier, 58cm frame, 14speed shimano exage gears, fitted with   5608.                                                                                on 0402053323 ah only.                                                                                       SERVICES
tri-bars, excellent con, $350 ONO; contact Sylvana on 0401 613 750.            ONE SEATED COUCH, $30; contact Mayumi on 6125 8125.                                                                                                                                                                                                   TRANSFORMERS TOYS autobots/decepticons robots etc; Contact Andy on
FENDER SQUIRE Stratocaster electric guitar, amplifier and accessories. As      DRESSER, $40; contact Mayumi on 6125 8125.                                                                          TO LET                                        HOUSE SITTING, One week to six months. References available. Pets gar-              62411464 or 0402410407.
new, $350; contact Lucy on 6281 3843.                                          MAGNA 1996, 76,000 kms, auto, air-cond, power steering, $10,500; contact                                                                                          den no problem. contact Susan 0418 462 765; contact Susan Shineberg on              SANDBOX/ SANDPIT with cover, for a toddler; Contact Diana or Simon on
VN COMMODORE S/W, 5sp manual, 220 ks, immob., roof racks, well                 David on 6249 8798 / 6288 3465.                                                      JERVIS BAY (Vincentia): 2-storey, 2+br house, close to beaches, shops, 3-5   0418 462 765.                                                                       62591571 or fraenata@hotmail.com.
maintained, mech. sound, 4 mths rego., $5,500 ONO; contact Helen Taylor        BULBS, Tritonia, hardy @ very pretty, orange bloom, 100, $4.00; contact              month lease, $190/week. Contact Amanda on 0411 734 569.                      HENNA TATTOO ( Mehendi Design), Fine line floral and paisley patterns               CAMEL BACK PACK bladder not essential; Contact Adelle on 6253 0343 ah
on 6125 3415 bh / 6241 5505 ah.                                                Brinder on 6286 1947.                                                                O’CONNOR: Sunny master BR + ensuite close to shops & ANU. Avail for 3        covering entire hands and feet; contact Ms Sunitha on 02-6248 5235.                 only.
BED ENSEMBLE - Queen size, good condition, 1 owner, $200 ONO; con-             NOTEBOOK RAM - PC100/64MB x 1, $80; contact Vincent on                               months from late June. $120 p/w plus expenses. Contact Caroline on 0411      APPLICATIONS & EDITING, I can improve your job application and polish
tact Peter Shipp on 6125 8760 or 0404 035 099.                                 0405227847.                                                                          163 037.                                                                     up your thesis or assignment. Special student rates; contact Dr Doug Macken-                                        NOTICES
TV - National 34cm colour with cabinet, $200 ONO; contact Peter Shipp on       COT, (Colonial), pine, (adjustable base) with storage shelf and mattress (i/s),      DOWNER: 2-bed apartment, spacious lounge, modern kichen, washing room,       zie, Geology on 6125 3263 or email: doug@geology.anu.edu.au.
6125 8760 or 0404 035 099.                                                     $350.00; contact on 62531496(h) or 62070549(w).                                      $210 P.W. Contact M S Islam on 0402629356.                                   TUTORING: History Tutor, Graduate from Melbourne University and                     GLADYS MITCHELL For more information contact Nicholas Fuller on
BED: White tubular metal single bed, $100; contact Brian Sanderson on 6282     BASSINET, stand & mattress (foam), $75.00; contact on 6253 1496 (h) or               NAROOMA: central 2 bedroom townhouse, $55/night (min 2 nights) $300/         Georgetown University. Reading, Editing etc; contact Dougal McInnes on 0416         hacklehorn@hotmail.com.
2676.                                                                          6207 0549(w).                                                                        week. Contact Tricia on 6254 8997.                                           319 081.                                                                            HOUSE SITTERS For more information contact Robert McArthur on
ENGLISH OAK single boxbed, 2 drawers under,, $100; contact Brian Sand-         VCR SHARP Old but still working, $25; contact Ros on x58477.                         BATEMAN’S BAY (Malua Bay): Great seaviews minutes walk to 3 beaches          RUSSIAN FOR BEGINNERS, Adult groups. Professional instructors, native               62950887.
erson on 6282 2676.                                                            B/ROOM SUITE, d/table, 2 x b/side drawers, qs b/head, $350; contact Gillian          sleeps 8 max, $350/wk off peak $750/wk summer $220w/e. Contact Kylie         speakers. SAT 1-2.30 pm, Narrabundah. 6 lessons $90; contact Irina on 6293
LAWN TRIMMER /Edger, electric ‘Weedeater’, $30 ono; contact Terry              Stead on 52248.                                                                      Browne on 6271 1858 (W) 6295 9080 (H).                                       2373.




The
     List               Friday Day Month 2002                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://www.anu.edu.au/pad/list/list.html
Internet could give peace groups a whole new chance
Peace groups could use the Internet more          movements today to the anti-Vietnam war
effectively to keep up with the changing          movements they are very different — war
nature of war and terrorism, a researcher         itself is very different.
believes.                                             “The anti-Vietnam war movement was
    Professor Tessa Morris-Suzuki, from the       something that grew over a period of time.
Research School of Pacific and Asian His-         Initially people knew very little about Vi-
tory, said many peace groups around the           etnam or is history but as the war continued
world use the Internet to communicate             they progressively learned about it and
various messages.                                 became very well informed — and that
    “The use of the Internet itself has the       contributed to their movement,” she said.
potential to be a very successful means of            Prof. Morris-Suzuki said war now tends
communication for peace groups but, as it         to consist of extremely rapid actions. “Fol-
stands, they are really just preaching to the     lowing the 11 September attacks there was
converted,” she said.                             sudden action in Afghanistan that was
    “The problem with the Internet is that it     followed by rapid action in the Philip-
doesn’t advertise a point the way a newspa-       pines. Who knows where the main focus
per or a poster can because people have to        will be in a month’s time.”
find a website and purposefully log on to it.”        Prof. Morris-Suzuki said the speed with
    Prof. Morris-Suzuki said that, if the peace   which war evolved made the work of peace
groups used the technology of the Internet        groups difficult. She said there was too
in a more effective way, they could be far        little time for people to fully understand      Site unseen: Activists grooup are missing out on their Net audeance.
more successful in achieving their goals and      what was going on in various parts of the
understanding the intricacies of wars that,       world, or why.                                  structure — to put into place a set of            mation and be ready to react when war
in today’s climate, tended to evolve quickly          If peace groups used the technology of      electronic and face-to-face connections           occurs.”
and sometimes spontaneously.                      the Internet more efficiently, they could       between people with similar concerns in              Prof. Morris-Suzuki said peace move-
    “Contemporary peace movements have            increase communication and benefit their        different parts of the world,” she said.          ments that used the Internet alone to
a particular problem because the nature of        cause, she said.                                “The Internet is one important forum              reach an audience were not maximising
war has changed. If you compare peace                 “Peace groups need to develop infra-        through which they can exchange infor-            their potential. Other steps — including
                                                                                                                                                    using the Internet to build face-to-face
Major trial to                                    Tourism ‘not explotation’ of                                                                      contacts and send information that can be
                                                                                                                                                    distributed as hard copy, were necessary

curb Myna pest                                    the locals, says researcher
                                                                                                                                                    for groups that wanted to make a real
                                                                                                                                                    impact.
                                                                                                                                                                                 LEIGH BAKER
An Australian National University academic
has found a simple and safe way to capture        The presumption that Western tourists en-       some people in the local community with           http://rspas.anu.edu.au/pah/
what he calls the “piranhas of the sky”.          croach on people in developing nations          opportunities not otherwise available to
    Dr Chris Tidemann from the School of          insults the intelligence and power roles of     them, such as learning languages, computer
Resources, Environment and Society in the         local communities, an academic from the         operation and Internet.
Faculty of Science has developed a trap to        ANU said.                                           “These new skills can then be applied in
catch the Indian Myna.                                Ms Linda Malam, from the Research           the local context to improve job opportuni-                   Published by
    A trial of the traps, funded by an ACT        School of Social Sciences, said tourism in      ties of those individuals, or social standing          The Australian National
Environment Grant, has begun in south             developing nations has largely been repre-      and so on.”                                         University’s Marketing & Public
Canberra in the suburbs surrounding Oakey         sented in the media as being a case of              Ms Malam said that the men she worked                   Affairs Division
Hill and Mt Taylor Nature Reserves                powerful Westerners destroying cultural         with in Thailand welcomed the tourism
(Chifley, Curtin, Fisher, Kambah, Lyons,          sites.                                          industry because, in their careers as bar men      Editor: Sean Daly
Pearce, Torrens, Waramanga and Weston).               “I believe that there is more going on at   they got little respect from their own com-        email: reporter@anu.edu.au
    The trial will help Dr Tidemann deter-        the local sites than people sitting around      munity.                                            Humanities Reporter: Leigh Baker
mine how best to deploy the traps to              being impacted on — tourism is not only             She said that, since they did not fit the      email: humanities.reporter@anu.edu.au
effectively remove the birds, and the subse-      about exploitation,” she said. “I am arguing    socially accepted, well-behaved model of
                                                                                                                                                     Science Reporter: Julian Lee
quent impact on native wildlife.                  that people in developing countries can and     Thai masculinity and earned low incomes,           email: science.reporter@anu.edu.au
     “The Indian Myna is rated one of the         do actively engage with tourism,” she said.     they were not considered to be suitable
world’s 100 worst invasive species and has a          After spending a year working with          partners by many Thai women.                       Marketing & Public Affairs Division
                                                                                                                                                     I Block, Old Admin Area
serious, negative impact on native wildlife,”     (mostly male) bar workers in Phangan Is-            “In the West, money is not as indicative of    The Australian National University
Dr Tidemann said.                                 land (a major tourist area in Thailand), Ms     being ‘masculine’,” she said. “Western women       Canberra ACT 0200.
    “It is an introduced species that wreaks      Malam found that local people were not          consider other attributes like physical tough-
                                                                                                                                                     Editorial enquiries: 02 6125 4171
havoc because it is extremely aggressive,         necessarily “victims” of Western tourists.      ness as being masculine, so the Thai men were      Facsimile: 02 6125 5568
hunts in packs and has a sharp beak and               “Local people in developing countries       given more kudos from the tourists.”
claws. In urban areas it also poses risks to      do have agency — they have their own                “Relationships I saw between Thai men          The ANU Reporter is published throughout the
humans due to disease, fouling and noise.”        power networks and their own communi-           and Western women were not precluded by            academic year.
    The Indian Myna was introduced to Aus-        ties that they identify with. Just because      an understanding that the girl, because she                The next issue of the
tralia in 1862, (ACT in 1968) however their       locals rely on tourism as the mainstay of       was from the West and had more money,
spread has been slow because of their territo-    their economy does not mean that their          was going to hold more personal power in
                                                                                                                                                                ANU Reporter
rial nature and hence relatively low mobility.    economically weak position dictates their       the relationship than the man.”                             will be published
    Dr Tidemann believes that action will         interactions with tourists,” she said.              Ms Malam said the relationships be-                   on Friday 7 June 2002.
stop Indian Mynas from completely domi-               “Locals can, and do find innovative ways    tween the Thai men and Western women
nating native wildlife.                           to circumnavigate, resist and subvert tour-     offered opportunities for new versions of              Deadline for contributions
    The trap is attracting interest from envi-    ists’ perceived power position.”                masculinity or femininity to be explored.              is Wednesday 29 May 2002.
ronmental groups and councils keen to                 Ms Malam said that analysing the every      The people who became involved in the
restore native wildlife to their bush areas       day interactions between Thai workers and       cross-cultural - relationships said they felt
and to minimise pest bird problems in built-      tourists showed that power was not always       these relationships offered them the oppor-
up areas                                          distributed on the side of the West.            tunity to value parts of their personality
    Dr Tidemann said it also had interna-             Power is about much more than money,        they had not valued before.
tional commercial potential because of the        she said. Discomfort in new cultural sur-           “I think it is insulting to perpetuate the
worldwide spread of the Indian Myna and           roundings, inability to understand the          myth that people in developing countries
the trap’s applicability to other pest birds.     language, and inability to perceive the power   only suffer at the hands of tourism,” she
    People in the target suburbs interested in    networks in the local community are all         said. “Many benefits come out of the cul-
taking part in the trial can contact Dr           ways that the economic power of tourists        tural exchange that occurs — both
Tidemann on 6125 2375 or email                    can be disrupted.                               financially and emotionally.”                                   Printed by NCP
<myna@anu.edu.au>.                                    “In many respects, thriving tourism can                                      LEIGH BAKER
                                   JULIAN LEE     benefit communities in developing nations.                                                                           ISSN 0727-386X.
                                                  Interactions with Westerners can be eco-        http://rspas.anu.edu.au/humgeog/                          Print Post Approved PP 255003/0130

http://sres.anu.edu.au/                           nomically beneficial, as well as providing      index.html                                                CRICOS Provider #00120C


http://www.anu.edu.au/reporter                                                                                                          Friday 24 May 2002 (Vol.33, No.8) ANU Reporter – 7
Australian ballet keeps CSM Director on her toes
F
        or Professor Nicolette Fraillon, Di-                                                                                                                                     “You also have to watch them really
        rector of the School of Music, being      As the first woman to conduct the Australian Ballet, Canberra School of Music                                              closely every night because if they are tired
        the first woman to conduct the Aus-       Director Professor Nicollette Fraillon took another great step for her profession in her                                   or nervous they will move differently and
tralian Ballet was a professional and personal    stride. She discussed the experience with Leigh Baker.                                                                     you can’t react after them — you have to
thrill and she considers herself privileged to                                                                                                                               react with them which means knowing and
have had the experience.                                                                                                                                                     predicting how they will move.”
    Prof. Fraillon is conducting the orches-                                                                                                                                     While some conductors consider that
tra for Spartacus, which ran in Sydney last                                                                                                                                  moulding music to suit the needs of dancers
April and begins its Melbourne season in                                                                                                                                     compromises their work because it deviates
June. She said the magnitude of coordina-                                                                                                                                    from the score, Prof. Fraillon believes it
tion involved in working with the Australian                                                                                                                                 enhances the work.
Ballet was something she was unaccustomed                                                                                                                                        “You can help a dancer so much by
to.                                                                                                                                                                          pulling the music back when they are run-
    “Conducting an orchestra in the ballet is                                                                                                                                ning late for a step or speeding the music up
much different from conducting a concert                                                                                                                                     at the right time so the music and the dance
orchestra because you have to coordinate                                                                                                                                     finish together.




                                                                                                                                                Photo: Jeff Busby
the music to work with the movements of                                                                                                                                          “If you don’t aim for this sort of perfec-
the dancers,” she said.                                                                                                                                                      tion then the whole performance suffers,”
    “It is quite stressful but the adrenaline                                                                                                                                she said.
rush from being involved in such a large-                                                                                                                                        Although the extra work of conducting
scale and quality production is wonderful.                                                                                                                                   keeps Prof. Fraillon extremely busy it is
You really feel like you have achieved some-                                                                                                                                 something she considers vital — not only
thing special as part of a team.”                                                                                                                                            for her own musical professionalism, but
    While this was Prof. Fraillon’s first expe-                                                                                                                              for the reputation of the School of Music
rience with the Australian Ballet, she is no                                                                                                                                 and encouragement of the students.
stranger to the craft.                                                                                                                                                           “It is hugely important for the students
    During the 1990s she was Chief Musical                                                                                                                                   to see their Director performing with Aus-
Director of the Netherlands Ballet before         Different beat: A scene from the Australian Ballet’s latest                                                                tralia’s flagship ballet and orchestras,” she
being headhunted by the Royal Ballet in           production, Spartacus. The Ballet’s orchestra is being                                                                     said.
Amsterdam.                                        conducted by Canberra School of Music Director Professor                                                                       “Personally it is important because I am
    On the strength of her European work,         Nicollette Fraillon (right).                                                                                               a musician and before coming here I was a
she was invited to work with the West                                                                                                                                        performer — both as a conductor and [a
Australian Ballet, before taking up her role      as a conductor, when you are approaching         performances.                                                             player] of the viola. I can’t lose those skills
in the School of Music in 2000.                   work for ballet there is the other whole            “Some dancers are taller than others,                                  because not only are they things I love, but
    “Conducting ballet is something I never       theatrical element,” she said. “One of the       some have longer legs and because of these                                getting to this level has been very hard
set out to do — I guess it is something I fell    major challenges is to work out exactly what     differences all the dancers move differ-                                  work.”
into and just loved,” she said.                   the dancers need.”                               ently. As a conductor you have to recognise                                   Earlier this month Prof. Fraillon also
    Prior to Spartacus opening in Sydney,            In Spartacus, there were five principal       that they all have different requirements of                              conducted the Australian Ballet’s Beyond
Prof. Fraillon worked closely with the danc-      dancing pairs and Prof. Fraillon said she        the orchestra and the music.”                                             Forty production in Canberra.
ers to learn the choreography.                    had to understand their moods, dancing              Prof. Fraillon said she was attracted to
    “Every dancer moves differently and al-       techniques and personalities to be able to       conducting ballet because it drew upon
though there are notes on the page to go by       coordinate the music to complement their         her musical skills as well as her intuition.


Army chief recounts East Timor trials                                                                                                                                                 WHAT S ON AT
Army Chief, Major General Peter Cosgrove,
recounted some of the difficulties and suc-                                                                                                                                          UNIVERSITY HOUSE
cesses of Australia’s involvement in East
Timor, during a visit to students earlier this                                                                                                                                Friday 24 May
month.                                                                                                                                                                        University House Happy Hour
    General Cosgrove, INTERFET Com-                                                                                                                                           Cellar Bar 5-6 pm
mander in East Timor in 1999–2000, told                                                                                                                                       Monday 27 May
31 students enrolled in the Graduate Stud-                                                                                                                                    Latin Reading Symposium
ies in Defence Program run by the Research                                                                                                                                    Matisse Room, Cellar Bar 6-8 pm
School of Pacific and Asian Studies, that it
was an opportune time to address them —                                                                                                                                       Wednesday 29 May
                                                                                                                                                                              House Dinner:
on the eve on East Timor’s independence.
                                                                                                                                                                              The Hall 6.00 for 6.30 pm
    Major General Cosgrove discussed the
                                                                                                                                        Photo: Stuart Hay, ANU Photography




challenges of conducting international peace                                                                                                                                  Friday 31 June
operations in East Timor under the United                                                                                                                                     University House Happy Hour
Nation’s auspices.                                                                                                                                                            Cellar Bar 5-6 pm
     “I think it is important to note that,
                                                                                                                                                                              Monday 3 June
although some of the mandates I was work-
                                                                                                                                                                              Latin Reading Symposium
ing towards such as instigating a democratic                                                                                                                                  Matisse Room, Cellar Bar 6-8 pm
expression of law and building humanitar-
ian systems were marvellously appropriate,                                                                                                                                    Wednesday 5 June
others were what I felt to be entirely am-                                                                                                                                    House Dinner
biguous,” he said.                                Firm hand: Major General Peter Cosgrove discussing his east Timor experience.                                               The Hall. 6.00 for 6.30 pm
    “The stipulation that I: ‘Restore peace                                                                                                                                   Thursday 6 June
and security in East Timor — to protect and       as a big grey blancmange,” he said. “But you     East Timorese, the other nations with troops                               University House Ladies Drawing
support INTERFET and carry out its tasks          come to realise that it cannot be anything       in the region and the various non-govern-                                  Room Programme:
and facilitate humanitarian assistant opera-      else because it speaks on behalf of so many      ment organisations working there. He said                                  Organizing a mediaeval event for
tions’ was one example of this,” he said.         states. Essentially the UN system is the worst   establishing such a rapport was one of his                                 800 people. Convenor, Joy Wilson.
“My brief stated that I was to take ‘all          system in the world — except for every other     priorities at the beginning of the mission.
necessary measures’ to fulfil this mandate        multinational system.”                              “To get the most speedy and effective                                   Friday 7 June
— I nearly fell off my perch when I read              Major General Cosgrove said that, for        outcomes, I wanted to maximise the human                                   University House Happy Hour
that,” he said.                                   this reason, he moved slowly in East Timor       resources we had in East Timor and ensure                                  Cellar Bar 5-6 pm
    Major General Cosgrove said that work-        taking “baby steps” to avoid having to           we were all working collaboratively and I
ing within a UN framework was challenging         resort to the “necessary measures” out-          think that was a very effective approach.”                                 Further information Margaret Bowles
because its mandates and stipulations were        lined in his brief.                                                             LEIGH BAKER                                 Master s Office — 6249 5281
often left open to interpretation.                    He said Australian ground forces were
    “I have been quoted as referring to the UN    well respected in East Timor — by the            http://rspas.anu.edu.au/gssd/


http://www.anu.edu.au/reporter                                                                                                          Friday 24 May 2002 (Vol.33, No.8) ANU Reporter – 8

								
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