FNB Guidebook by akeune

VIEWS: 22 PAGES: 44

									Filming A New Beginning
A workshop for children by children
     Filming A New Beginning
A workshop for children by children




 Written and illustrated by Anna Keune
Contact
anna.keune@gmail.com



Support
A a l t o U n i v e r s i t y, S c h o o l o f A r t a n d D e s i g n

A a l t o U n i v e r s t i y, S c h o o l o f S c i e n c e a n d Te c h n o l o g y

S r i s h t i S c h o o l o f A r t , D e s i g n a n d Te c h n o l o g y



Material Availability
w w w. f i l m i n g a n e w b e g i n n i n g . b l o g s p o t . c o m



Copyright
                                Th i s w o r k i s l i c e n s e d u n d e r t h e C r e a t iv e C o m m o n s A t t r i b u t i o n 3 . 0 U n p o r t e d L i c e n s e . Th i s
                                m e a n s a n y o n e i s f r e e t o s h a r e ( c o p y, d i s t r i b u t e a n d t r a n s m i t ) a n d r e m i x ( a d a p t ) t h e w o r k .
                                To v i e w a c o p y o f t h i s l i c e n s e , v i s i t h t t p : / / c r e a t i v e c o m m o n s . o r g / l i c e n s e s / b y / 3 . 0 / ; o r s e n d a
                                l e t t e r t o C r e a t ive C o m m o n s , 1 7 1 2 n d S t r e e t , S u i t e 3 0 0 , S a n Fra n c i s c o , C a l i f o r n i a , 9 4 1 0 5 ,
                                USA.
Table Of Content
Pa r t 1 - B a s i c I n f o r m a t i o n

Introduction.................................................9                                                               Filming A New Beginning Closes........................35
Th e A c t i o n P l a n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0
Wo r k s h o p t i m e l i n e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2           Pa r t 3 - L e a r n i n g R e s o u r c e s
Needed Equipment........................................13
                                                                                                                             S t o r y b o a r d Te m p l a t e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 8
Roles In A Production......................................14
                                                                                                                             Using Locations And Objects........................39
F i l m C r e w. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5
                                                                                                                             U s i n g Th e C a m e r a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 0
                                                                                                                             F i l m i n g A n d P r i v a c y. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2
Pa r t 2 - S t e p - b y - s t e p G u i d e                                                                                 S p a c e Fo r F i l m m a k e r ’s N o t e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3
Film 1 “Remember”........................................18
               S t e p A “A c c e s s ” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 9
               Step B “Reflect”....................................20
               Step C “Discover”.................................22
Film 2 “Encounter”........................................23
               S t e p A “A c c e s s ” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 4
               Step B “Reflect”....................................25
               Step C “Discover”.................................26
Film 3 “Resolve”...........................................27
               S t e p A “A c c e s s ” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 8
               Step B “Reflect”....................................29
               Step C “Discover”.................................30
Film 4 “Broadcast”.........................................31
               S t e p A “A c c e s s ” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2
               Step B “Reflect”....................................33
               Step C “Discover”.................................34
                             Part 1




Part 1 - Basic Information
Part 1




             SOME OF THE FNB DESIGN TEAM MEMBERS
             All images in this guidebook are illustrations of authentic situations that happened
             while designing and testing the FNB workshop.




         8
Introduction
The Filming A New Beginning (FNB) workshop was de-              The goal of the FNB workshop is to develop a personal
signed in 2009 with children from Chennai, India for            film language and a critical thinking strategy that equips        Part 1
every child in the world. Adults are warmly invited to          you with the skills to start a change, and a voice to speak
participate. Anyone, even children, can become FNB fa-          more fluently about topics you truly care about. Through
cilitators.                                                     a project of personal interest, you and other filmmakers
                                                                learn about different subjects at the same time together.
In life, everybody faces difficult situations sometimes,        You will grow into a more conscious minded and inde-
like when being shouted at for playing instead of study-        pendent person who can make a positive difference in
ing. Often, these situations are so tangled into the daily      your own life and the lives of others.
routines that they are difficult to spot and speak about.
                                                                In the FNB workshop we learn from and with each other,
To pinpoint the situations, and know what to change,            no matter our age or gender. Everybody is an equal film-
day-to-day activities have to be investigated and ques-         maker and has the opportunity to practice responsibility
tioned. This is called critical thinking. It is learned best    by using the camera.
by hands-on action.
                                                                First, read Part 1 to get all the information needed for
FNB is a film production workshop to initiate change by         getting started. Then follow the steps in Part 2, one by
spending zero money. Neither filmmaking experiences,            one, as you go along. Part 3 includes learning resourc-
nor computers or Internet are needed. You only need a           es, such as a storyboard template, and additional infor-
camera mobile phone, pen cils, and paper.                       mation.


During the FNB workshop, you will become a filmmaker,           Change can be as hands-on as making a film.
and turn a difficult real life situation into a favorable one
while making 4 short mobile films. To start meaningful          Enjoy filming your new beginning!
discussions, you will present your films to an audience
of people on the street through the camera screens. This
way, you can test how realistic your change is.

                                                                                                                              9
              The Action Plan : 4 Films
              D u r i n g t h e F N B w o r k s h o p , 4 f i l m s a r e c r e a t e d . T h e f i l m s b u i l d o n o n e a n o t h e r, b u t t h e f i l m m a k e r s c h o o s e
Part 1        the content.


                 Film 1 ‘Remember’                           Film 2 ‘Encounter’                         Film 3 ‘Resolve’                           Film 4 ‘Broadcast’




              FILM THEMES


              Stage, act and film diffi-                   Stage, act and film the                     Ideate, stage, act and                     Learn how realistic your
              cult everyday situations                     motives of other people                     film a resolution for the                  change is. Start mean-
              to understand your role                      in these situations to                      difficult situation to-                    ingful conversations by
              in them.                                     emphasize with them.                        g e t h e r.                               showing your films in
                                                                                                                                                  p u b l i c t o p a s s e r s b y.


              AN EXAMPLE


              A child is playing at                        Th e m o t h e r w o u l d                  Mother and child both                      A shop owners tells the
              home and the mother                          rather like to see the                      think a calm talk can                      filmmakers that he made
              shouts at the child.                         child studying.                             be a resolution.                           similar experiences as a
                                                                                                                                                  child.

         10
E a c h o f t h e 4 f i l m s i s c r e a t e d f o l l o w s 3 s t e p s . E a c h s t e p l a s t s a b o u t 2 h o u r s . Pa r t 2 o f t h i s g u i d e b o o k o f f e r s
a detailed step-by-step guide for all 4 films. Here is an example:



                                                                                                                                                                                      Part 1

                                                     +                                                            +



     S t e p A ‘A c c e s s ’                                   Step B ‘Reflect’                                            Step C ‘Discover’
     Find information                                           Make storyboards                                            Film storyboards




                       =                                                                                                       Film 3 ‘Resolve’




                B E PAT I E N T
    ^           E v e r y d ay s i t u a t i o n s c a n b e c o m p l e x , s e n s i t iv e a n d ch a l l e n g i n g t o a p p r o a ch . Fo l l o w i n g t h e t h r e e

    TIP         s t e p s f o r e a ch f i l m s u p p o r t s yo u t o f i n d yo u r ow n p a c e o f f i l m i n g . Wa i t u n t i l e ve r y b o dy i s r e a dy
                before starting with the next film.



                                                                                                                                                                                 11
              Workshop timeline

Part 1
          Preparation                           Film 1 ‘Remember’                      Film 2 ‘Encounter’                     Film 3 ‘Resolve’                     Film 4 ‘Broadcast’




                                                 A           B           C              A           B           C              A           B           C              A           B          C




              A preparation phase precedes the FNB workshop. Arrange the workshop schedule and equipment during that
              t i m e . Fo r e q u i p m e n t s e e t h e n e x t p a g e .


              Th e F N B s ch e d u l e s h a p e s a s t h e w o r k s h o p p r o g r e s s e s , b e c a u s e t h e s ch e d u l e d e p e n d s o n t h e ava i l a b i l i t y
              a n d m o b i l i t y o f e v e r yo n e i n vo l v e d , t h e e q u i p m e n t a n d t h e f i l m l o c a t i o n s . Th i s i s u n i q u e f o r e v e r y s i t u a -
              t i o n . S c h e d u l i n g l a n d m a r k s a r e p o i n t e d o u t i n Pa r t 2 .


              Yo u w i l l d e v e l o p c l o s e r a n d m o r e r e w a r d i n g r e l a t i o n s h i p s w i t h y o u r f i l m s , t h e m o r e r o u t i n e l y F N B w o r k s h o p
              sessions are scheduled.




         12
Needed Equipment
                                                                                                                                                                                Part 1




: : Vi d e o c a m e ra , s u ch a s a c a m e ra m o b i l e p h o n e
::   Pa p e r
::   Pe n c i l s


O f t e n , i t i s p o s s i b l e t o b o r r o w a c a m e r a m o b i l e p h o n e f r o m a f a m i l y m e m b e r o f a n F N B f i l m m a k e r. E x p l a i n
the aim of your production, how and by whom the camera will be used, and the advantages of the FNB
w o r k s h o p t o t h e m . S c h e d u l e t h e F N B w o r k s h o p w i t h t h e m a c c o r d i n g t o t h e i r a v a i l a b i l i t y.


L e a r n m o r e a b o u t u s i n g t h e c a m e r a a n d r e a d a b o u t r e c o m m e n d e d f i l m p r a c t i c e s i n Pa r t 3 o f t h i s g u i d e -
book.




                                                                                                                                                                           13
              Roles In A Production
                     Th e Fi l m D i r e c t o r                        Th e Fi l m A c t o r s                 Th e C a m e r a p e r s o n
Part 1




               Yo u g u i d e t h e a c t o r s a n d          Yo u a c t s c e n e s a n d l i s t e n   Yo u f i l m t h e a c t i o n s o f t h e
               the cameraperson, and                           to comments of the direc-                  actors, and follow the film
               check the recording.                            tor and the cameraperson.                  d i r e c t o r ’s g u i d a n c e .




                          F R E E D O M TO S W I T C H R O L E S
               ^          Choosing and switching roles during the FNB workshop supports your creative process and

               TIP        your development of a personal film language.




         14
Film Crew
A f i l m c r e w i s a g r o u p o f f i l m m a k e r s w o r k i n g t o g e t h e r. I t h a s 4 t o 6 m e m b e r s o f d i f f e r e n t a g e s a n d g e n -
d e r s . O n e w o r k s h o p c a n h a v e m o r e t h a n o n e c r e w. F o r m y o u r f i l m c r e w s i n t h e b e g i n n i n g o f t h e w o r k s h o p .      Part 1
Fa c i l i t a t o r s j o i n a f i l m c r e w.




                 FILM CREWS REMAIN THE SAME
    ^            Staying in the same crew allows you to take full ownership over your films and the process of

    TIP          making them. While this is recommended it is not essential.




                                                                                                                                                                       15
                              Part 2

Part 2 - Step-By-Step Guide
                  Film 1 “Remember”
                  Act and film difficult everyday situations, such as the conflict of a child wanting to play and the mother
                  shouting at the child.
Film 1
“Remember”
                  LEARNING OUTCOME
                  ::   Realize your role and position in the situations
                  ::   Learn how to investigate your everyday life
                  ::   Start developing your personal film language




             18
                                                Step A “Access”
                                                Gather information about your everyday life.




: : Th i n k o f d i f f i c u l t s i t u a t i o n s i n wh i ch yo u f e l t s c a r e d , s a d o r u n e q u a l
::   Stage, act and film them with your crew                                                                                                                                  Film 1
::   Debrief with everybody                                                                                                                                                   “Remember”




                CA M E R A U S AG E
     ^          Use the camera like a sketchbook. Film anything that comes to your mind without paying at-

     TIP        tention to how your films look.




                A DEBRIEF IS FOR SHARING
     ^          Gather with everybody and share your experiences. Speak about your observations on top-

     TIP        i c s s u c h a s w o r k i n g i n y o u r c r e w, d i f f i c u l t i e s y o u r c r e w e x p e r i e n c e d , a n d h o w y o u o v e r c a m e
                them.



                                                                                                                                                                         19
                                                                       Step B “Reflect”
                                                                       Create storyboards of difficult situations that you wish to change.




                  ::   Everyone watches the films from the last session by passing around the cameras

Film 1            ::   Identify difficult situations and discuss how to film them better
                  ::   Create storyboards
“Remember”

                  Th e n e x t p a g e s h o w s a s i m p l e s t o r y b o a r d by t h e f i l m m a k e r s o f t h e F N B d e s i g n t e a m , a n d a n e x p l a n a t i o n o f
                  w h a t s t o r y b o a r d s a r e u s e d f o r.


                  F i n d a n e m p t y s t o r y b o a r d t e m p l a t e i n Pa r t 3 o f t h i s g u i d e b o o k .




                                   ABOUT REFLECTION
                       ^           Ta l k i n g a b o u t v i s u a l i m p r o v e m e n t s o f y o u r f i l m s c a n l e a d i n t o c o n t e n t i d e a t i o n .

                       TIP         Tr y t o c o m b i n e s i m i l a r e x p e r i e n c e s b y o t h e r f i l m m a k e r s o f t h e s a m e s i t u a t i o n i n t o o n e s t o r y -
                                   board.




                                   C R E AT I N G A S T O R Y B O A R D
                       ^           Include positions of actors, camera angles, locations, characters, objects, and dialogue pieces

                       TIP         i n t o y o u r s t o r y b o a r d s . Yo u c a n b o r r o w i d e a s f r o m t e l e v i s i o n f i l m s y o u h a v e s e e n .




             20
A S TO RY B OA R D F R O M I N D I A




   Film title and description                                                                            Film director :

                                                                                                         Film actors :

                                                                                                         Camera person :



                                                                                                                                                                                  Film 1
                                                                                                                                                                                  “Remember”




   Location :                                          Location :                                         Location :

   Characters :                                        Characters :                                       Characters :

   Props :                                             Props :                                            Props :

   Dialogue / Sound :                                  Dialogue / Sound :                                 Dialogue / Sound :




                S TO RY B OA R D S A R E L I K E C O M I C S T R I P S
   ^            Th e y i n c l u d e i n s t r u c t i o n f o r a f i l m . M a k i n g s t o r y b o a r d s i s a c o m m o n p r a c t i c e o f f i l m m a k e r s .

   TIP          It is used as guide when filming a scene, because the information included in the storyboard
                m a k e s f i l m i n g a s c e n e e a s i e r.



                                                                                                                                                                             21
                                                                      Step C “Discover”
                                                                      Re-film your difficult situations.




                  ::   Film your storyboards
                  ::   I d e n t i f y o t h e r p e o p l e i n t h e s i t u a t i o n s - Th e y w i l l b e t h e s u p p o r t i n g f i l m m a k e r s o f yo u r f i l m s
Film 1
                  ::   Contact the supporting filmmakers, and agree on when and where to meet them
“Remember”
                  ::   Decide which films in what order to show to them
                  ::   Debrief with everybody




                               Remember to update the FNB schedule




                                   CA M E R A U S AG E
                       ^           T h i s t i m e , u s e t h e c a m e r a l i k e a n a r t i s t i c m e d i u m . Pa y a t t e n t i o n t o t h e w a y y o u r f i l m s l o o k .

                       TIP         Fo r e x a m p l e , wa i t u n t i l yo u r f i l m i s d o n e b e f o r e m e n t i o n i n g n e w i d e a s , b e c a u s e i n s t r u c t i o n s
                                   disturb your film.




                                   S L OW A P P R OAC H
                       ^           Only you and your crew can decide when your film is ready and presentable to an audience.

                       TIP         Start the debrief when everyone is ready by watching all films. Everyone expresses their posi-
                                   tion in their film.



             22
Film 2 “Encounter”
F i l m d i f f i c u l t e v e r y d a y s i t u a t i o n s f r o m t h e s u p p o r t i n g f i l m m a k e r ’s p o i n t o f v i e w. F o r e x a m p l e , t h e m o t h e r ’s
reason for shouting at the playing child.


LEARNING OUTCOME
::   D e ve l o p e m p a t hy a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g f o r t h e s u p p o r t i n g f i l m m a k e r s
::   Learn that multiple points of view exist at the same time
::   Further develop your personal film language




                                                                                                                                                                                          Film 2
                                                                                                                                                                                          “Encounter”




                                                                                                                                                                                     23
                                                                     Step A “Access”
                                                                     G a t h e r i n f o r m a t i o n a b o u t t h e s u p p o r t i n g f i l m m a k e r ’s r e a s o n s .




                   ::   Meet the supporting filmmakers and show your films to them
                   ::   Speak about their experience of the situations in your film with them
                   ::   Stage, act and film their motives in these situations together
                   ::   Debrief with all filmmakers



Film 2             Ta k e a s t e p t o w a r d s t h e s u p p o r t i n g f i l m m a k e r s a n d m e e t t h e m a t a l o c a t i o n o f t h e i r c h o i c e .

“Encounter”



                                   CA M E R A U S AG E
                        ^          Again, use the camera like a sketchbook. Film anything that comes to your mind without pay-

                        TIP        ing attention to how your films look.




                                   P R I VA C Y C O N C E R N S
                        ^          Be polite and respect the privacy of others: Ask for permission before filming the supporting

                        TIP        filmmakers.




              24
                                                   Step B “Reflect”
                                                   Create storyboards of the motives of the supporting filmmakers.




: : Wa t ch t h e f i l m s f r o m t h e l a s t s t e p
::   Identify the intentions of the supporting filmmakers and discuss how to film them better
::   Create storyboards




                                                                                                                                                                                        Film 2
                                                                                                                                                                                        “Encounter”




                C R E AT I N G S T O R Y B O A R D S
     ^          Create the storyboards as before, but this time focus on how to represent the motives of the

     TIP        s u p p o r t i n g f i l m m a k e r s t h r o u g h t h e i r a c t i o n s . S i m i l a r i n t e n t i o n s c a n b e c o m b i n e d t o o n e s t o r y.
                F i n d t h e s t o r y b o a r d t e m p l a t e i n Pa r t 3 o f t h i s g u i d e b o o k .




                IDENTIFYING ACTIONS
     ^          Recognize the actions of the supporting filmmakers that are particular for your situation by

     TIP        s p e a k i n g a b o u t w h a t y o u s a w.




                                                                                                                                                                                   25
                                                                 Step C “Discover”
                                                                 Re-film the motives of the supporting filmmakers.




                   ::   Film your storyboards
                   ::   Schedule another meeting time and place with the supporting filmmakers
                   ::   Contact the supporting filmmakers again, and agree on when and where to meet them
                   ::   Decide which films in what order to show to them
                   ::   Debrief with all filmmakers

Film 2
“Encounter”                   Remember to update the FNB schedule




                               CA M E R A U S AG E
                        ^      T h i s t i m e , u s e t h e c a m e r a l i k e a n a r t i s t i c m e d i u m a g a i n . Pa y a t t e n t i o n t o t h e w a y y o u r f i l m s

                        TIP    l o o k . Fo r e x a m p l e , wa i t u n t i l yo u r f i l m i s d o n e b e f o r e m e n t i o n i n g n e w i d e a s , b e c a u s e i n s t r u c -
                               tions disturb your film.




                               S L OW A P P R OAC H
                        ^      Again, only you and your crew can decide when your film is ready and presentable to an au-

                        TIP    dience. Start the debrief when everyone is ready by watching all films. Everyone expresses the
                               motives of the supporting filmmakers shown in their film.



              26
Film 3 “Resolve”
Fi l m r e a l i s t i c r e s o l u t i o n s a n d f avo r a b l e p r a c t i c e s f o r t h e d i f f i c u l t s i t u a t i o n s . Fo r e x a m p l e , i n s t e a d o f s h o u t -
i n g a t t h e c h i l d f o r p l a y i n g , t h e m o t h e r a n d t h e c h i l d c a n s p e a k a b o u t t h e i r i n t e n t i o n s c a l m l y.


LEARNING OUTCOME
::   Understand that challenging situations can be overcome with a change of practice
::   Discover favorable future behavior
::   Further develop your personal film language




                                                                                                                                                                                                Film 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                “Resolve”




                                                                                                                                                                                           27
                                                                Step A “Access”
                                                                Gather ideas for realistic and favorable practices.




                 ::   Meet the supporting filmmakers and watch all of your films with them
                 ::   Stage, act and film realistic and favorable practices with the supporting filmmakers
                 ::   Debrief with everybody




Film 3
“Resolve”                    CA M E R A U S AG E
                      ^      Again, use the camera like a sketchbook. Film anything that comes to your mind without pay-

                      TIP    ing attention to how your films look.




                             D E B R I E F W I T H E V E R Y B O DY
                      ^      Th e d e b r i e f h a p p e n s i n t h e s a m e way a s b e f o r e , b u t t h i s t i m e w i t h t h e s u p p o r t i n g f i l m m a k e r s .

                      TIP    S p e a k a b o u t t h e c o n f l i c t i n g p o i n t s o f v i e w. T h e m a i n q u e s t i o n t o d i s c u s s i s : W h o ’s p r a c t i c e
                             should change and how?



            28
                                                    Step B “Reflect”
                                                    C r e a t e s t o r y b o a r d s o f r e s o l v i n g p r a c t i c e s . Th e y w i l l b e yo u r n e w b e g i n n i n g .




: : Wa t ch t h e f i l m s o f t h e l a s t a c c e s s s e s s i o n w i t h t h e s u p p o r t i n g f i l m m a k e r s
::   Identify resolving practices and discuss how to film them better
::   Create storyboards




                                                                                                                                                                                       Film 3
                 R E S O LV I N G P R A C T I C E                                                                                                                                      “Resolve”
     ^           To m a k e t h e r e s o l u t i o n m o r e r e a l i s t i c , f o c u s o n h o w c o n t r a s t i n g i n t e n t i o n s c a n b e r e p r e s e n t e d

     TIP         in your film.




                 C R E AT I N G A S T O R Y B O A R D
     ^           C r e a t e t h e s t o r y b o a r d s a s b e f o r e . Th e s u p p o r t i n g f i l m m a k e r s d o n o t h av e e x p e r i e n c e s w i t h t h i s

     TIP         p r a c t i c e y e t . P l e a s e g u i d e t h e m . F i n d t h e s t o r y b o a r d t e m p l a t e i n Pa r t 3 o f t h i s g u i d e b o o k .




                                                                                                                                                                                  29
                                                                     Step C “Discover”
                                                                     Re-film the resolutions, film your new beginning.




                 ::   Film your storyboards
                 ::   I d e n t i f y p u b l i c p l a c e s w h e r e y o u c a n s h o w y o u r f i l m s t o p a s s e r s b y, a n d s c h e d u l e a t i m e f o r t h a t
                 ::   Decide which films in what order to show to passersby
                 ::   Debrief with everybody




                              Remember to update the FNB schedule




Film 3
“Resolve”                        F I L M I N G YO U R N E W B E G I N N I N G
                      ^          Yo u r r e s o l u t i o n s a r e i d e a s f o r p o s s i b l e f u t u r e s , b u t t h e y a r e n o t p r a c t i c e d i n e v e r y d a y l i f e y e t .

                      TIP        By staging and filming them, your resolutions become visible and real possibilities for your
                                 everyday life.




                                 CA M E R A U S AG E A N D S L OW A P P R OAC H
                      ^          A g a i n , u s e t h e c a m e r a l i k e a n a r t i s t i c m e d i u m . Pa y a t t e n t i o n t o h o w y o u r f i l m s l o o k .

                      TIP        R e m e m b e r, o n l y y o u a n d y o u r c r e w c a n d e c i d e w h e n y o u r f i l m i s r e a d y a n d p r e s e n t a b l e .




            30
Film 4 “Broadcast”
Share the your films in public, for example with a local shop owner or passersby at a playground. Film
their comments, criticism and alternative resolutions.


LEARNING OUTCOME
::   Understand that your films are a powerful way to express yourself
::   Discover how realistic your resolutions are for other people
::   Further develop your personal film language




                                                                                                              Film 4
                                                                                                              “Broadcast”




                                                                                                         31
                                                                       Step A “Access”
                                                                       Gather comments from a public audience.




                   ::   M e e t w i t h e v e r y b o d y, i n c l u d i n g t h e s u p p o r t i n g f i l m m a k e r s i n a p u b l i c p l a c e
                   ::   Show your films to passersby
                   ::   Film the comments and alternative resolutions you get from the passersby
                   ::   Debrief with everybody




                                   P U B L I C LY A C C E S S I N G I N F O R M AT I O N
                        ^          B r i e f l y i n t r o d u c e p a s s e r s b y t o F N B , t h e n s h o w a l l t h r e e o f y o u r f i l m s t o t h e m . To s t a r t a c o n -

                        TIP        v e r s a t i o n , a s k t h e p a s s e r s b y w h o t h e y i d e n t i f y w i t h i n y o u r f i l m s a n d w h y. M o t i v a t e t h e m t o
Film 4                             act their ideas. Again, use the camera like a sketchbook.
“Broadcast”

                                   P U B L I C L O C AT I O N S
                        ^          Playgrounds, parks, or any other safe location with people passing by are good places for this

                        TIP        FNB step.




              32
                                                   Step B “Reflect”
                                                   Create storyboards of the coments you got.




: : Wa t ch t h e f i l m s f r o m t h e l a s t s e s s i o n w i t h t h e s u p p o r t i n g f i l m m a k e r s
::   Identify the ideas of the passersby and discuss how to film them better
::   Create storyboards




                 C R E AT I N G S T O R Y B O A R D S
     ^           Create the storyboards as before, this time focus on the ideas of the passersby and how real-

     TIP         i s t i c y o u r r e s o l u t i o n s w e r e p e r c e i v e d b y t h e m . F i n d t h e s t o r y b o a r d t e m p l a t e i n Pa r t 3 o f t h i s
                 guidebook.                                                                                                                                                        Film 4
                                                                                                                                                                                   “Broadcast”

                 A D D I T I O NA L B R OA D CA S T S
     ^           Share your films with more people through additional broadcasts. It is motivational, because

     TIP         your films will have a wider affect and you can access more diverse comments.




                                                                                                                                                                              33
                                                                      Step C “Discover”
                                                                      R e - f i l m t h e r e s o l u t i o n a n d c o m m e n t s o f t h e p a s s e r s b y.




                   ::   Film your storyboards
                   ::   O p t i o n a l l y, i d e a t e f u r t h e r p u b l i c p l a c e s o f w h e r e t o s h o w y o u r f i l m s a n d s c h e d u l e a t i m e f o r i t
                   ::   Debrief the FNB workshop with everybody




                                Remember to update the FNB schedule




                                   CA M E R A U S AG E A N D S L OW A P P R OAC H
                        ^          A g a i n , u s e t h e c a m e r a l i k e a n a r t i s t i c m e d i u m . Pa y a t t e n t i o n t o t h e w a y y o u r f i l m s l o o k .

                        TIP        R e m e m b e r, o n l y y o u a n d y o u r c r e w c a n d e c i d e w h e n y o u r f i l m i s r e a d y a n d p r e s e n t a b l e .
Film 4
“Broadcast”

                                   FNB WORKSHOP DEBRIEF
                        ^          Wa t ch a l l 4 f i l m s a n d s p e a k a b o u t yo u r l e a r n i n g e x p e r i e n c e o f p a r t i c i p a t i n g i n t h e F N B wo r k -

                        TIP        shop. Reflect on your filming process and the steps of the workshop. Express what went well
                                   a n d w h a t w a s n o t e n j o y a b l e f o r y o u a n d y o u r c r e w.



              34
Filming A New Beginning Closes
We , t h e ch i l d r e n f r o m C h e n n a i a n d I , h o p e t h a t yo u e n j oye d t h e F N B wo r k s h o p .


Th e c r i t i c a l t h i n k i n g p r a c t i c e a n d t h e p e r s o n a l f i l m l a n g u a g e t h a t yo u l e a r n e d d u r i n g t h e F N B w o r k s h o p i s
yours to keep. It is not only useful during the workshop, but you can practice it in your everyday life as
well.


R e m e m b e r, m a k i n g a c h a n g e i s a s h a n d s - o n a s m a k i n g a m o v i e . E v e r y b o d y c a n d o i t !
Yo u a r e i n v i t e d t o b e c o m e a f a c i l i t a t o r o f y o u r o w n F N B w o r k s h o p . Yo u c a n u s e s t o r y b o a r d s a n d f i l m s t h a t
you and your fellow filmmakers made during this FNB workshop as examples for your FNB workshop.


Have a positive affect on people, and show others how to film their new beginning!




                                                                                                                                                                                       Film 4
                                                                                                                                                                                       “Broadcast”




                                                                                                                                                                                  35
Part 3 - Learning Resources




                              Part 3
The Storyboard Template                                            Page : __ / __



Film title and description :                          Film director :


                                                      Film actors :


                                                      Camera person :




Location :                     Location :             Location :


Characters :                   Characters :           Characters :

Props :                        Props :                Props :


Dialogue and Sound :           Dialogue and Sound :   Dialogue and Sound :
Using Locations And Objects


We l l - k n ow n l o c a t i o n s , e ve r y d ay o b j e c t s , a n d ch a ra c t e r i s t i c c l o t h i n g c a n c o nve y r e a l i s m t o yo u r a u d i e n c e ,
a n d e vo k e a f e e l i n g o f f a m i l i a r i t y i n t h e p e o p l e wh o w i l l s e e yo u r f i l m s . Pe o p l e f r o m t h e c o m m u n i t y c a n
r e l a t e t o y o u r f i l m s a n d s e e t h e m s e l v e s i n t h e m m o r e e a s i l y.
Also, well chosen locations and objects can help you to get prepared for filming.
R e m e m b e r, n o p u r c h a s e s a r e n e e d e d t o f i n d r e a l i s t i c l o c a t i o n s a n d o b j e c t s .




R U B Y, A N F N B F I L M M A K E R F R O M C H E N N A I R E C A L L S
“ O n e c r e w a c t e d a n d f i l m e d a s i t u a t i o n c a l l e d ‘ wa t ch i n g t e l e v i s i o n a t h o m e ’ . Th e y w o r k e d o u t d o o r s , a n d
spontaneously decided to use the scene, which was filmed by another crew indoors, as their television set.
T h e a c t o r s s a t d o w n i n f r o n t o f t h e d o o r a n d t h e t e a m s t a r t e d f i l m i n g .”




                                                                                                                                                                                      Part 3
                                                                                                                                                                                 39
              Using The Camera


              To b o o s t e v e r y b o d y ’s c o n f i d e n c e i n t a k i n g u p a n y r o l e i n t h e F N B w o r k s h o p , e v e r y o n e s h o u l d l e a r n h o w t o
              use the camera. Exploring and testing all camera functions is a good way to do that.


              Each camera has a slightly different navigation menu, but the principle functions are the same for all:


                        : : Tu r n i n g t h e c a m e r a o n                       : : Vi e w a m ov i e
                        ::   Starting a recording                                    :: Automatic save
                        ::   Pa u s i n g a r e c o r d i n g                        ::   Delete a movie
                        ::   Stopping a recording




              A N NA , A N F N B F I L M M A K E R F R O M C H E N NA I R E CA L L S
              “A t f i r s t I w a s c o n c e r n e d a b o u t p r o v i d i n g m y o w n c a m e r a t o t h e c h i l d r e n . B u t t h e y a l w a y s t r e a t e d t h e
              t e c h n o l o g y a t t e n t i v e l y. T h e c h i l d r e n k n e w t h a t i f t h e p h o n e w o u l d b r e a k , w e w o u l d n o t b e a b l e t o c o n t i n u e
              w o r k i n g . T h e y d i d n o t w a n t t o c o m p r o m i s e o n t h a t .”




Part 3
         40
LENGTH OF FILMS
S o m e c a m e r a s a u t o m a t i c a l l y s t o p r e c o r d i n g a n d s av e yo u r f i l m s a f t e r a c e r t a i n t i m e . Th e a m o u n t o f t i m e
d e p e n d s o n y o u r c a m e r a ’s a v a i l a b l e m e m o r y s p a c e a n d t h e d e f i n e d r e c o r d i n g s i z e o f y o u r c l i p s . T h e s i z e
of your film clips can be changed through your camera menu.




M E M O R Y S PA C E
O n l y a l i m i t e d a m o u n t o f f i l m s c a n b e s av e d o n o n e c a m e r a a t a t i m e . S av e o n l y yo u r f i n a l f i l m s . Th e y a r e
n e e d e d u n t i l F N B c l o s e s . D e l e t e p o o r l y p r e s e n t e d f i l m s , b e c a u s e f i l m i n g a s c e n e i s q u i c k a n d e a s y. F o r f u -
ture references, you can note interesting ideas that were included in your poorly presented films down in
your storyboards.




                                                                                                                                                                                    Part 3
                                                                                                                                                                               41
              Filming And Privacy


              Th e F N B w o r k s h o p i s a b o u t i n i t i a t i n g a n d p r a c t i c i n g ch a n g e by e x p r e s s i n g yo u r d i s c o n t e n t w i t h a s i t u a -
              t i o n , a n d f i l m i n g a n e w b e g i n n i n g . T h e F N B w o r k s h o p i s n o t a b o u t m a k i n g a n o t h e r p e r s o n f e e l g u i l t y, o r
              criticizing individuals. It is important to respect the privacy of other people, and make sure to treat every-
              body you film polite and kind.




              VIEWING FORM A SMALL SCREEN
              I n t h e F N B w o r k s h o p , yo u d o n o t n e e d a c o m p u t e r t o s h a r e a n d v i e w yo u r f i l m s w i t h o t h e r p e o p l e . Fo r
              t h i s , t h e c a m e r a s i s p a s s e d o n b e t w e e n p e o p l e . Th i s m e a n s t h a t o n l y a l i m i t e d a m o u n t o f p e o p l e c a n wa t ch
              o n e f i l m a t t h e s a m e t i m e . Vi e w i n g b e c o m e s a ve r y p e r s o n a l e x p e r i e n c e . A c r i t i q u e o f a n i n d iv i d u a l c a n b e
              hurtful.




              P R A D E E P, A N F N B F I L M M A K E R F R O M C H E N N A I R E C A L L S
              “ M y c r e w a n d I e n a c t e d s c e n e s w i t h o u t t a r g e t i n g p a r t i c u l a r i n d iv i d u a l s . We o n l y e n a c t e d g e n e ra l ch a ra c -
              t e r s . W e w a n t e d t o t e l l o u r o p i n i o n b u t d i d n ’ t w a n t t o a t t a c k a n y b o d y p e r s o n a l l y.”




Part 3
         42
Space For Filmmaker’s Notes




                                   Part 3
                              43
Filming A New Beginning

								
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