THOUSANDS OF INDONESIANS EVACUATED IN ANTICIPATION OF EXPLOSIVE by hnr19912

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									      THOUSANDS OF
INDONESIANS EVACUATED IN
ANTICIPATION OF EXPLOSIVE
 ERUPTION OF MOUNT KELUT
      OCTOBER 19, 2007
MOUNT KELUT
    PHYSICS OF A VOLCANO

Planet Earth’s
  restlessness
  stemming from plate
  subduction causes:


Volcanoes
MOUNT KELUT: A VOLCANO WITH
       A DEADLY PAST
          MOUNT KELUT
• Mount Kelut, one of Indonesia’s 150
  active volcanoes, is a relatively
  inconspicuous looking 1,731-meter-
  high stratovolcano that has a crater
  lake.
• It is located on a densely populated
  part of Java Island, 640 km (385 miles)
  east of Jakarta, the capital.
      MOUNT KELUT’S PAST
      ACTIVITY WAS DEADLY
• Kelut’s past violent eruptions were unique
  in that they did not have the normal
  advance warning signs of smoke and ash.
• A violent eruption in 1990 killed dozens.
• In 1919, a violent explosion and boiling
  water from Kelut’s crater lake that
  caused lahars, hot mudflows, and
  pyroclastic surges that killed over 5,000
  people and destroyed at least a dozen
  villages.
  INCREASED THREAT OF
ERUPTION OF MOUNT KELUT
            • Scientists noted an
              increase in the number
              of volcanic tremors
              and carbon dioxide
              and toxic substances
              that were 7 times the
              normal level during the
              week of October 12th.
            • They interpreted these
              increases as an
              indication that a
              violent eruption may
              be imminent
 MOUNT KELUT: EVACUATION
         ORDER
• On October 19th, the threat of an
  imminent eruption prompted the
  highest level of warning and an order
  for the evacuation of 115,000 people
  living on the slopes of Mount Kelut.
• Armed police enforced the order,
  evacuating residents to a “safe zone”
  5 km (3 miles) from the base of Mount
  Kelut, where they waited to see what
  the volcano would do.
EVACUATION FROM SLOPES OF
      MOUNT KELUT
             • Many, but not all, of
               the 115,000 evacuees
               recognized the threat
               and were willing to
               evacuate.
             • The UN’s World Health
               Organization and UN
               aid workers distributed
               emergency kits,
               masks, and other
               essential provisions.
TEMPORARY SHELTERS IN
     “SAFE ZONE”
           • Many of the
             evacuees were
             accommodated in
             temporary shelters.
           • After a few days
             when nothing new
             happened, some
             evacuees returned
             to their homes to
             take care of
             livestock and
             livelihoods.
EVACUEES WAITING …
SOME ASK FOR HELP FROM A
     HIGHER POWER

								
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