THOUSANDS OF INDONESIANS EVACUATED IN ANTICIPATION OF EXPLOSIVE

Document Sample
THOUSANDS OF INDONESIANS EVACUATED IN ANTICIPATION OF EXPLOSIVE Powered By Docstoc
					      THOUSANDS OF
INDONESIANS EVACUATED IN
ANTICIPATION OF EXPLOSIVE
 ERUPTION OF MOUNT KELUT
      OCTOBER 19, 2007
MOUNT KELUT
    PHYSICS OF A VOLCANO

Planet Earth’s
  restlessness
  stemming from plate
  subduction causes:


Volcanoes
MOUNT KELUT: A VOLCANO WITH
       A DEADLY PAST
          MOUNT KELUT
• Mount Kelut, one of Indonesia’s 150
  active volcanoes, is a relatively
  inconspicuous looking 1,731-meter-
  high stratovolcano that has a crater
  lake.
• It is located on a densely populated
  part of Java Island, 640 km (385 miles)
  east of Jakarta, the capital.
      MOUNT KELUT’S PAST
      ACTIVITY WAS DEADLY
• Kelut’s past violent eruptions were unique
  in that they did not have the normal
  advance warning signs of smoke and ash.
• A violent eruption in 1990 killed dozens.
• In 1919, a violent explosion and boiling
  water from Kelut’s crater lake that
  caused lahars, hot mudflows, and
  pyroclastic surges that killed over 5,000
  people and destroyed at least a dozen
  villages.
  INCREASED THREAT OF
ERUPTION OF MOUNT KELUT
            • Scientists noted an
              increase in the number
              of volcanic tremors
              and carbon dioxide
              and toxic substances
              that were 7 times the
              normal level during the
              week of October 12th.
            • They interpreted these
              increases as an
              indication that a
              violent eruption may
              be imminent
 MOUNT KELUT: EVACUATION
         ORDER
• On October 19th, the threat of an
  imminent eruption prompted the
  highest level of warning and an order
  for the evacuation of 115,000 people
  living on the slopes of Mount Kelut.
• Armed police enforced the order,
  evacuating residents to a “safe zone”
  5 km (3 miles) from the base of Mount
  Kelut, where they waited to see what
  the volcano would do.
EVACUATION FROM SLOPES OF
      MOUNT KELUT
             • Many, but not all, of
               the 115,000 evacuees
               recognized the threat
               and were willing to
               evacuate.
             • The UN’s World Health
               Organization and UN
               aid workers distributed
               emergency kits,
               masks, and other
               essential provisions.
TEMPORARY SHELTERS IN
     “SAFE ZONE”
           • Many of the
             evacuees were
             accommodated in
             temporary shelters.
           • After a few days
             when nothing new
             happened, some
             evacuees returned
             to their homes to
             take care of
             livestock and
             livelihoods.
EVACUEES WAITING …
SOME ASK FOR HELP FROM A
     HIGHER POWER