Operational Verification and Use of TAWS

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					Headquarters Air Combat Command


Operational Verification and
       Use of TAWS
                          Col Mary Lockhart, ACC/DOW
                      Lt Col (s) Brian Patterson, 120 FS

                  CDR (s) Ray Chartier Jr, NPMOD Fallon
                      Capt Donald Bohannon, MAWTS-1
         Mr. William Stamper, NMOPDD Atlantic, Norfolk

             This Briefing is:
            UNCLASSIFIED
                            Overview

• Strike Aircraft Mission
  Planning

• TAWS Program Review

• Operational Verification /
  Evaluation of TAWS

• TAWS and Operation Iraqi
  Freedom (OIF)

• Way Ahead
         Objective

  BOTOT & Survive!!!




 Provide mission planning tools
 to optimize attack effectiveness
while minimizing threat exposure
          Key Info for Attack Planning

• Objective: Plan that integrates sensors to optimize attack
  effectiveness while minimizing threat exposure

   •   Attack axis
   •   Attack timing
   •   Optimum altitude
   •   Sensor cueing
   •   Thermal crossover
   •   Polarity
   •   Wx-Impacted illumination
                        Weapon Success Rate
Wpn 1 Unsuccessful Drops
                                                     Wpn 2 Unsuccessful Drops
         9 8       12       15
                                                          5       4             12
                                       68

70
                                                     14
               1            34                                                       13
                                                              4         5



                                             Wpn 4 Unsuccessful Drops
 Wpn 3 Unsuccessful Drops                                     18

     15                 1                       1
                                                1
                                      20
                                                                            4
                                                 5
 5                                                                15
     5
               7                 11

                                            Msn Pln Error             Aircrew Error
                                            Wpn Mal                   Threat Rx
                                            WX                        Unknown
                                            Thermal Bloom             ROE--Run in Hdg
                                            Tgt Pod Mal
                                Why use TAWS?

                                IR Sensor
                          100               Random
                                            Sorties
Sortie Success Rate (%)




                           90
                           80               Time of Day
                           70               Effects Only
                           60               50% Forecast
                           50
                           40               75%
                           30
                           20               90%
                           10
                            0               100%
                      TAWS Review
• Predicts performance of PGMs & TAS


• Supports NVG, TV, Laser & IR
      •   Attack axis & timing
      •   Optimum altitude
      •   Sensor cueing
      •   Thermal crossover
      •   Polarity
      •   Illumination
      •   Wx- Impacted Illumination
      •   DTED – terrain masking

• PFPS / FalconView Interface
      TAWS “Team Concept”
              Intel, OPS and WX




Weather forecasters assist in Mission Planning Cell (MPC)
            & provide the TAWS weather file
      TAWS Mission Planning / Execution
          TOT-24 hrs                             TOT-3 hrs

              MPC                                Pilot Brief
Attack plan (angle/altitude/time)        Sensor viewing / detection
     and sensor selection                   range information




         “Decision-quality weather during mission planning,
               rather than showstoppers at step time”
TAWS / PFPS Interface
  TAWS Use / Contingency Operations


• Distribution:
   • TAWS V 1 & 2: DOD Weather units
   • TAWS Version 3: PFPS Users
     (aviators) – Fall 03


• OIF/OEF/ONE
   • Must stay OPS focused
   • High resolution tgts modeled
      Operational Verification / Evaluation

• Operational Feedback
  •   TAWS Design Reviews at Weapons School
  •   Mission Planners Users Conferences (MPUC)
  •   Weapons & Tactics Conferences
  •   Air to Ground Weapon System Evaluation Program (A/G WSEP)
  •   Air wing training visits
  •   Statistical inflight video review & subjective pilot surveys


• TAWS Prediction Evaluations
  • Spanned the globe
  • Various platforms, weapon systems and missions
        Operational Evaluation Areas


                                   Additional Testers
                                       PACAF
                                       USAFE
          A-G WSEP                    CENTAF
                                         ANG
                                        AFRL
Air Warfare Center
 Weapons School
     Red Flag                            ONW
                     Navy Fallon
       JEFX                              OSW
                     MCAS Yuma
    Air Warrior                         Bosnia
                                   Coronet Nighthawk
                TDA Verification

           14

           12

           10

Detection 8
 Range
  (nm)    6

            4

            2

            0
   EOTDA MDT                         TAWS 30%
   EOTDA Lock-on                     TAWS 70%
   AGM-65 Maverick Lock-on           Pilot Detect
                      TDA Pilot Survey

  Rated pre-mission and inflight usefulness of data

    Low Level Nav

   Tgt Area Tactics

            Tgt ID

  Threat Avoidance

  NVG Cross-check



    Route Selection

Tgt Viewing Azimuth

   Tgt Area Tactics

                       Not     Somewhat   Useful    Mission
                      Useful     Useful            Essential
   Operation Iraqi Freedom


• 68% of Weapons dropped were PGM’s
• 70% of Iraq cloud free only 30% of the time
• Traditional strike planning at multiple
  locations
• Time-sensitive targeting
   Time Sensitive Targeting

• Primary: CTBM (Counter SCUD)
• Other: CAS, CSAR, Rescort, AI, DCA
TST & TDA Tactical Planning
             Detection           ID
              Range           Altitude
 Threat      (TAWS)           (IRTSS)
   s
                                         Clouds
GOB                                      & Winds
                  Platform
                  Selection




  Weapons          Search
                                    ROE
  Load out          Flow
Clearing the “Picture” w/TDA’s
                  Way Ahead
Atmospherics
• Improve atmospheric transmission models (physics)
• Robust automated weather models (validation)
• Upper atmospheric modeling (U-2, Globalhawk)
• Aerosols
• Climatology
• Weather data cubes

Computing
• Platform independence
• Simplify: 3 Clicks
• Integration with JMPS
• Run-time improvements
• Uplink to cockpit : Rapid re-targeting support

Targeteering
• Model additional sensors / targets
• Target building capability
TAWS Real Time in Cockpit


   GAIN                                                                      SYM
                 CEN           CPL          NORM        ACT       CNTL

                          6                                              F
                                2                           2            I
                                                       33   H
           40                       6                                    X
                                                            13
                                            X X
                 A-65H                  X
                 A-65G     X X

                                                   2
                                                  22


            330 33                                                  340 20
          340 22
                                                                      F39
                                                                   1A2S6B
                11L      010                12REDI          350       +25

                 SWAP          SMS                      TAD       DCLT
   BRT                                                                       CON
          TAWS: Bottom-line
• TAWS is designed to integrate with current
  mission planning tools

• TAWS “improves target acquisition and
  detection ” and “improved battlefield position
  selection”

• Enables the shooter to exploit the battlefield