Creating a Bibliography Using MLA Documentation by gcz16449


									 Creating a Bibliography
Using MLA Documentation
      What is a bibliography?
• A list of resources that were used in
  creating a research paper or other document
• A method of giving credit to the people
  from whom information was taken.
• A resource you can use to get information
  about the topic in the future.
 Why are bibliographies created
      the way they are?
• An organization called the Modern
  Language Association (MLA) creates the
  standards for bibliographies and updates
  them regularly (every few years).
• Bibliography format is standardized to
  make them easier to use.
 How do I create a bibliography?
A bibliography entry depends on the TYPE of
 resource you used.

The format is slightly different for a book, a
 magazine, a website, an interview, a video,
       Documenting a BOOK
• As you research, collect this information for
  each book used:
  – The complete title, including the subtitle
  – The author’s complete name (or names, if more
    than one)
  – The PLACE of publication (city)
  – The publishing company’s name
  – The year the book was published.
   Documenting a BOOK, part 2
• For your bibliography, each entry will be
  organized alphabetically by the author’s last name.
• If there is more than one author, use the name that
  comes first on the book’s title page.
• Information is recording in this order: author’s last
  name, first name, title of book, city of publication,
  publisher, year of publication.
• SEE EXAMPLE, next slide.
       Documenting a BOOK:
       Example 1—One Author

Belben, Cathy. How to Create a Bibliography.
  Burlington: Tiger Publishing Co., 1998.

NOTE: All indentations, punctuation, and
 capitalization must be followed as shown here.
      Documenting a BOOK:
          Example 1a:
      A book with an editor
A book with an editor (or editors) is documented
as if the editor(s) were the author(s).
The only difference: the abbreviated (ed.) in
parentheses is included after the editor’s name.
Example: Belben, Cathy, (ed). The Life and
Times of Kosha. Bellingham: Good Dog Books,
    Documenting a BOOK:
Example 2-More than one author.

Lowin, Colin, Cathy Belben, and Kosha Perro.
  Cleaning Your House from the Inside Out.
  Bellingham: Rainy Day Books, 2001.

NOTE: When there is more than one author listed,
 alphabetize the book in your bibliography
 according to the author whose name appears first
 on the book’s title page.
      Documenting a BOOK:
        Author Unknown
• When the author of a book is unknown,
  everything in the bibliographic entry is the
  SAME, except the author is unlisted.
• The entry is then included in the
  bibliography in alphabetical order according
  to the first word in the book’s title.
• See EXAMPLE 3—next slide
    Documenting a BOOK:
 Example 3—Author Unknown

How to Create Award-Winning PowerPoint
 Presentations. Burlington: Happy Camper
 Publications, 2002.
   Documenting a MAGAZINE
• In a bibliography, magazines are included in
  the SAME list as books.
• Magazines are also listed alphabetically by
  the author’s last name.
• The TITLE of the ARTICLE is placed in
• The TITLE of the MAGAZINE is italicized
  or underlined.
  Documenting a MAGAZINE:
         Example 1
Tyson, Mike. ―How to Fight With Your
 Teeth.‖ Abominable Boxer Magazine. 23
 November 1996: 2-14.

NOTE: The arrangement of the DATE.
The numbers given at the end refer to the
 pages of the article.
  Documenting a MAGAZINE:
  Example 2: Magazine Article
     from ProQuest Direct.
Pitt, Brad. ―My Beautiful Wife.‖ People 2
  February 2002. ProQuest Direct. Online. 6
  February 2002.

NOTE: The FIRST DATE refers to the article
 publication date. The SECOND date refers
 to the date you accessed the article online.
          Documenting a
        NEWSPAPER article
• Newspaper articles are documented just like
  magazine articles.
• The only difference: after the date, the page
  and section numbers are given.
  Powers, Jay. ―Wearing Shorts in Winter.‖
     Burlington Argus. 23 January 2002:
  Documenting a NEWSPAPER
   accessed using PROQUEST
• Document a newspaper article accessed via
  ProQuest as follows:

 Bradbury, Jennifer. ―Kentucky Bluegrass
 Makes Me Smile.‖ Burlington Argus. 5
 April 2001. ProQuest Direct. Online.
 1 March 2002.
    Documenting a WEB SITE
• The MLA provides complete guidelines for
  documenting web sites at
• Go to the section entitled ―Frequently
  Asked Questions‖ (FAQ) to get the
• Basic instructions are on the next slide, and
  an example is on the slide after that.
    Documenting a WEB SITE:
You need this information:
1. Title of web page
2. Name of author or editor, if given
3. Electronic publication information, including
   date of publication or latest update, and the
   sponsoring institution or organization, if given.
4. Date of access and the network address (the
   Documenting a WEB SITE:

Belben, Bartholomew. False Email Reports:
 False internet report about bananas. 23 May
 2001. Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta.
 7 February 2002.

To top