Landlocked Salmon in New Jersey by xiw67167


									                                                                                                            Landlocked salmon …
    Annually approximately 1,000 fish are stocked        The landlocked salmon populations are
in Wawayanda Lake and 400 – 500 fish in               maintained through annual stockings of spring
Aeroflex Lake. The stocked salmon are surplus         yearlings. While mature salmon may migrate into
fish provided by the Massachusetts Division of        the inlets and outlets and attempt to spawn, it is
Fisheries and Wildlife free of charge. When           unlikely that natural reproduction will produce
stocked as spring yearlings (1½ years old) they       enough fish to maintain the fishery. Fish and             Landlocked salmon are swimming in
measure nearly eight inches. To help minimize         Wildlife monitors these salmon fisheries and, if      Wawayanda Lake and Aeroflex Lake, thanks to a
loss through predation from other fishes, the         warranted, stocking rates and fishing regulations     stocking program initiated by NJ Department of
salmon are float-stocked away from the shoreline.     for salmonids will be adjusted to maintain a          Environmental Protection’s Division of Fish and
                                                      desirable fishery.                                    Wildlife in 2006. Anglers now have an
    Initially the newly stocked salmon will feed on
                                                                                                            opportunity to fish for this unique coldwater sport
macroinvertebrates and insects. Towards the end           Both lakes are located in state parks that have   fish close to home.
of their first summer in the lake, the salmon’s       boat launching facilities (ramps) and ample
food preference will shift to alewives. Anglers       parking. Only electric motors are permitted (no           This hard-fighting salmonid species is the
are allowed to keep two salmon per day                gas outboards). A park entrance fee is charged at     lake-dwelling form of the Atlantic salmon, Salmo
measuring at least 12 inches long (catch & release    Wawayanda Lake (located in Wawayanda State            salar. Unlike the anadromous Atlantic salmon,
fishing in effect during the 19-day period            Park) from Memorial Day weekend through Labor         which migrates from saltwater to spawn in
preceding the opening day of the trout season in      Day, and the facility is open from dawn to dusk,      freshwater streams, the landlocked form
April). The stocking rate and harvest regulations     with boat rentals available seasonally. There is no   completes its entire life cycle in freshwater.
are intended to provide anglers with an               fee to launch boats at Lake Aeroflex, and boat        Landlocked salmon are native to eastern Canada
opportunity to catch salmon that commonly range       fishing is permitted 24 hours a day. The park         and Maine, and have been successfully
from 12 to 17 inches, and an expectation of           office phone numbers are as follows:                  introduced to suitable waters outside their native
catching an occasional salmon in excess of 17                                                               range,    in    New     Hampshire,      Vermont,
                                                         Wawayanda State Park (973) 853-4462
inches, weighing 3 pounds or more.                                                                          Massachusetts, and New York.
                                                         Kittatinny Valley State Park (973) 786-6445
    Both lakes selected for the introduction of                                                                 Only a handful of deep lakes in New Jersey
salmon are currently stocked with brown and                                                                 have suitable year round habitat for coldwater
rainbow trout and managed to provide good trout
                                                       2009 Holdover Trout Lakes Regulation
                                                                                                            fish like trout and salmon. Salmon prefer water
fisheries through the Holdover Trout Lakes                              Minimum Size                        temperatures less than 70°F and dissolved oxygen
regulation. (Trout and salmon that survive the                                                              levels greater than 5 mg/L, but can withstand
                                                           Trout: 9 inches        Salmon: 12 inches
critical summer period are referred to as                                                                                      warmer, less oxygenated water
“holdovers”.) Salmon and trout are competitors in                     Daily Creel Limit
                                                                                                                                            for short periods.
that both are pelagic (occupying primarily deep       January 1 – March 22        2 trout & 2 salmon
open water, away from shallow areas) and will                                                                                                          Salmon
                                                      Mar. 23 – Apr. 11 at 8 a.m. catch & release
utilize the alewife forage base.                                                                                                               were stocked in
                                                      April 11 at 8 a.m. – May 31 4 trout & 2 salmon
    Landlocked salmon are closely related to                                                                                               several New Jersey
                                                      June 1 – March 21, 2010     2 trout & 2 salmon                                     waters a half-century
brown trout (Salmo trutta), and anglers may have
difficulty telling them apart. Because size and                                                                                       ago, and the historical
                                                          Anglers are urged to report their catch of                              state record for landlocked
creel limits are different for salmon and trout,
                                                            landlocked salmon by emailing the                                          salmon is an 8 pound
anglers need to know the difference in order to
                                                            Bureau of Freshwater Fisheries at:                                                fish caught from
comply with the regulations and quickly release

                                                                                                                …. in New Jersey
salmon smaller than 12 inches. When in doubt                                                                    Aeroflex Lake
                                                               (Send digital photos of your catch!)                                                   in 1951.
about identifying salmon and brown trout, play
it safe and release the fish unharmed!                        NJ Dept. of Environmental Protection
                                                                 Division of Fish and Wildlife

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