Government of the Republic of Serbia Ministry of Labor by xiw67167

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									    Government of the Republic of Serbia
     Ministry of Labor and Social Policy




 GENERAL AND SPECIAL PROTOCOL
ON CHILD PROTECTION FROM ABUSE AND NEGLECT
  GENERAL PROTOCOL on child
  protection from abuse and neglect



Legally binding document that provides
guidelines for action to all providers of services
dealing with children and families from
governmental and non-governmental, as well
as from private sector in order to jointly work
for the well-being of children in situations
where there is a suspicion that the child has
experienced abuse or neglect, or a threat that
s/he may undergo such experience.
 Scope of child abuse and
 neglect in Serbia

Data are inaccurate and incomplete
due to:
 absence of integrated data basis,

 difficulty of comparing data from
  different sectors,
 prevalence of action researches
  conducted on apposite samples
Forms of child abuse
Source: Child Protection Department, Institute of
Mental Health 2003-2004



                            Seksualno
                           zlostavljanje
   Zanemarivanje              17,2%        Emocionalno
       25%                                 zlostavljanje
                                              61,4%




                                               N=416
                      Fizičko
                   zlostavljanje
                       50,7%
Children’s ideas and reflections on abuse


    Every child has been the victim of abuse at least once

   50% have experienced some kind of abuse

   10% have experienced severe forms of abuse (physical,
    sexual)




    (Qualitative research that included children and youth aged 10 to 19
    in 7 municipalities, UNICEF, 2005)
Prerequisites for efficent child abuse
prevention and child protection
system:

   Clearly defined state policy
   Adequate legal framework

   Mechanisms for establishing and

    maintaining efficient network
   Public sensitivity and quality of

    training of professionals in
    relation to violence
Organized efforts in developing
system of protection
from violence in Serbia 2000-2005
   Defining new policy
       Action for Children Plan (2004)
       Social Welfare System Reform Strategy (2005)
       National Strategy against Violence - Starting Framework (2005)
   Enhancing legislative framework
       Criminal Law Amendments (2002)
       Law on Basis of the Educational and Upbringing System
        (2003)
       Family Law (2005)
       Law on Juvenile Offenders and Criminal Legal Protection of
        Minors (2006)
       Law on Prevention of Discrimination against Persons with
        Disabilities (2006)
       Law on Children’s Ombudsman (pending)
  Network for child protection
  from abuse and neglect

Participants in the process of protection:
    social protection, health, education,
     police, judiciary, local self-government
    non-governmental sector
    citizens – children and adults
    media
Integrated intersectoral
approach to child protection

Prerequisites:
 Sensitivity to children’s rights

 Clear idea about common goal

 Definition of child abuse and neglect
  accepted by all
 Clearly defined roles, responsibilities
  and ways of cooperation of all
  participants in the process
Protocol objective
 To provide balanced response in the best
  interest of the child:
 Prompt and coordinated procedure that
  protects the child from further abuse or
  neglect (authoritative intervention)
 Support to the family to enable it to
  protect the child and make it possible
  for him/her to have unimpeded
  development
           Protocol content
   Definitions of child abuse and neglect
   Steps in the process of child protection
   Roles of different systems in the
    process
   Ways of communication between
    participants in the process of protection
   Legislative regulations relating to child
    protection from abuse and neglect
Steps in the process of child
protection
   Discovering and reporting child abuse or
    neglect
   Initial assesment and inquiry
   Immediate interventions (if there are
    clues indicating child abuse)
   Planning of services and measures
   Intervention implementation
   Monitoring and evaluation
                                 ASSESSMENT
                             upon receipt of report


                                Case OPENED             URGENT
                              Assessment Manager      PROTECTION
         Case                      designated          MEASURES
      NOT OPENED




   No           Additional
additional       services    INITIAL ASSESSMENT           FEEDBACK TO
 services                           within 7 days         REPORTER




   Nonoccurrence of           Occurrence of abuse     Emergency
   abuse or neglect               or neglect          placement


                              Case
                              conference
                              Protection plan


                                Case review
SPECIAL PROTOCOL

   Special Protocol provides safety and
    promotion of the well-being of all
    children in institutions, particularly
    ensuring their full participation in the
    procedure
Special Protocol includes
protection of children placed in:
   institutions for the placement of
    children without parental care,
   institutions and daytime centers for the
    placement of handicapped children
   reception centers and shelters
   institutions for children and youth in
    clash with the law
   foster families
Roles of teams according to
Special Protocol:
1.   Internal team implements child
     protection, collects information and reports
     the case to the External and Central team.
2.   External (Regional team) conducts
     inquiry
3.   Central team keeps central records on
     reported cases

    Police and investigative authorities
     (Prosecutor’s Office) carry out investigation
OPEN ISSUES
   WHAT TO DO AFTER URGENT
    INTERVENTION ?
   REQUIRED SERVICES
   LEGAL AID

								
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