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Graduate Education in Medical Physics

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					University of Wisconsin Medical School

Graduate Education in Medical Physics Paul M. DeLuca, Ph.D. Vice Dean and Associate Dean for Research
University of Wisconsin Medical School

University of Wisconsin Science and Engineering PhDs 2001
Science and Engineering Doctorates by Institution and Major Field 2001
School Rank S&E Eng Phys Env Math Comp Bio Psyc Soc !S&E UC - Berkeley 1 538 150 99 8 40 21 101 18 101 213 U of Illinois Urbana 2 476 160 87 4 23 22 87 37 56 197 Mass. Int. of Tech 3 443 226 77 18 16 8 55 1 42 49 Stanford University 4 440 168 61 20 16 21 70 17 67 107 UT - Auston 5 426 143 69 11 11 10 49 53 80 306 UW-Madison 6 424 83 59 15 20 11 123 26 87 232 U of Mich. Ann Arbor 7 406 166 49 7 21 8 60 26 69 159 UC - Los Angeles 8 405 83 53 15 15 21 96 36 86 204 UM - Twin Cities 9 395 108 38 9 16 12 111 37 64 238 Ohio State University 9 395 90 55 22 17 7 105 37 62 196 Texas A&M Univ. 11 374 111 34 27 16 17 95 24 50 132 Tot 751 673 492 547 732 656 565 609 633 591 506

National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Science and Engineering Doctorate Awards: 2001, NSF 03-300, Susan T. Hill (Arlington, VA 2002).

Essential Aspects of Graduate Education

CAMPEP Process and Curriculum Typical CAMPEP Curriculum Implementation Alternate Fused Programs – Generate More!
Start them Young! What do they look like!

CAMPEP Approved Programs
McGill University Montreal General Hospital Department of Medical Physics Livingston Hall, Room L5-109 1650 Avenue Des Cedres Montreal, PQ H3G 1A4, Canada University of California - Los Angeles The Departments of Radiological Sciences, Radiation Oncology, and Molecular and Medical Pharmacology Biomedical Physics Interdepartmental Graduate Program 10833 LeConte Avenue, B2-049F CHS Los Angeles, CA 90095-6948

University of Alberta - Cross Cancer Institute Division of Medical Physics 11560 University Avenue Edmonton, T6G 1Z2, Canada

University of Florida Department of Nuclear & Radiological Engineering 202 Nuclear Science Building Gainesville, FL 32611-8300

CAMPEP Approved Programs
Wayne State University Harper Hospital Department of Radiation Oncology 3990 John R. Street Detroit, MI 48201 The University of Texas – Houston Health Science Center Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center Department of Radiation Physics 1515 Holcombe Boulevard Houston, TX 77030 University of Texas HSC - San Antonio Department of Radiology 7703 Floyd Curl Drive San Antonio, TX 78229-3900

University of Wisconsin -- Madison Department of Medical Physics 1300 University Avenue 1530 Medical Sciences Center Madison, WI 53706 University of Kentucky Medical Center Radiation Sciences 900 South Limestone Street Lexington, KY 40536-0200

CAMPEP GEPRC Membership

Jay Burmeister, Ph.D. Harper Hospital

Edward F. Jackson, Ph.D. University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Andrew Karellas, Ph.D. Emory University Robert W. Kline, Ph.D. Mayo Clinic

Brenda Clark, Ph.D. British Columbia Cancer Agency
Paul M. DeLuca, Ph.D. (Vice Chair) University of Wisconsin Madison Bennett S. Greenspan, M.D. University of Missouri Health Sciences Center Christine Hartmann-Siantar Lawrence Livermore Laboratory

Richard L. Maughan Ph.D. (Chair) University of Pennsylvania

CAMPEP Academic Program Recommendations For Graduate Degrees In Medical Physics
A Report of the Education and Training of Medical Physicists Committee
November 2002

The Education and Training of Medical Physicists Committee
Bhudatt R. Paliwal, Ph.D.
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Wisconsin

Faiz M. Khan, Ph.D.
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota

James C.H. Chu, Ph.D.
Rush Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois

Richard L. Maughan, Ph.D.
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Paul M. DeLuca, Jr., Ph.D.
University of Wisconsin – Madison, Wisconsin

Venkataramanan Natarajan, Ph.D.
Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, New York

Arnold Feldman, Ph.D.
Peoria, Illinois

Ervin B. Podgorsak, Ph.D.
McGill University, Montreal, Quebec

Ellen E. Grein, Ph.D.
British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, British Columbia

E. Russell Ritenour, Ph.D.
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Donald E. Herbert, Ph.D.
University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama

Mohammed K. Zaidi, M.S.
Department of Energy, Idaho Falls, Idaho

Edward F. Jackson, Ph.D.
University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

Core Topics
• • • • • Radiological Physics and Dosimetry Health Physics/Radiation Safety Radiation Biology Anatomy and Physiology Special Topics
- Professional Ethics/Conflict of Interest/Scientific Misconduct - Statistical Methods in Medical Sciences

Imaging Science Imaging Science
• Conventional Planar Imaging • Digital X-Ray Imaging and Computed Tomography • Ultrasound Imaging • Magnetic Resonance Imaging • Nuclear Medicine

Radiation Therapy
• • • • • • • Radiation Oncology External Beam Radiation Therapy Brachytherapy Treatment Planning Radiation Therapy Devices Special Techniques in Radiotherapy Radiation Therapy with Neutrons, Protons, & Heavy Ions

Essential Aspects of Graduate Education

CAMPEP Process and Curriculum
Typical CAMPEP Curriculum Implementation

Alternate Fused Programs – Generate More!
Start them Young! What do they look like!

Typical Program for Master of Science Degree in Medical Physics
(General Med Physics Option) 1st Semester -- (Fall) † Med. Phys. † Med. Phys. † Med. Phys. ‡ Med. Phys.

463 -- Radioisotopes in Medicine and Biology -- (3 cr.) 501 -- Radiological Physics and Dosimetry -- (3 cr.) 567 -- The Physics of Diagnostic Radiology -- (3 cr.) 900 -- Journal Club and Seminar -- (1 cr.)

2nd Semester -- (Spring) † Med. Phys. 410** -- Radiobiology -- (2 cr.) † Med. Phys. 566 -- Physics of Radiotherapy -- (3 cr.) † Med. Phys. 569 -- Health Physics -- (4 cr.) Electives: Choose From: Med. Phys. 401 -- Intermediate Physics for Medicine and Biology -- (3 cr.) Med. Phys. 530 -- Medical Imaging Systems -- (3 cr.) Med. Phys. 568 -- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) -- (3 cr.) Med. Phys. 570 -- Advanced Brachytherapy Physics -- (3 cr.) Med. Phys. 707 -- Applications of Digital Imaging: DSA, CT, MRI -- (2 cr.) ‡ Med. Phys. 900 -- Journal Club and Seminar -- (1 cr.)

Medical Physics Qualifier

Typical Program for Master of Science Degree in Medical Physics
(General Med Physics Option)
3rd Semester -- (Fall) † Med. Phys. 661 to 666 -- Rad Lab in Radiological Physics -- (1-3 cr.) Electives: Choose From: Med. Phys. 473 -- Imaging in Medicine -- (3 cr.) Med. Phys. 575 -- Diagnostic Ultrasound Physics -- (3 cr.) Med. Phys. 571 -- Advanced External Beam Radiotherapy -- (3 cr.) Med. Phys. 710 -- Advances in Medical Magnetic Resonance -- (2 cr.) Med. Phys. 812 -- Radiation Medicine Physics Clerkship -- (2 cr.) Physiology 335 -- Physiology -- (5 cr.) ‡ Med. Phys. 900 -- Journal Club and Seminar 4th Semester -- (Spring) † Med. Phys. 661 to 666 -- Rad Lab in Radiological Physics -- (1-3 cr.) † Med. Phys. 410 -- Radiobiology -- (2 cr.) Electives: Choose From: Med. Phys. 401 -- Intermediate Physics for Medicine and Biology -- (3 cr.) Med. Phys. 530 -- Medical Imaging Systems -- (3 cr.) Med. Phys. 568 -- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) -- (3 cr.) Med. Phys. 570 -- Advanced Brachytherapy Physics -- (3 cr.) Med. Phys. 707 -- Applications of Digital Imaging: DSA, CT, MRI -- (2 cr.) Med. Phys. 812 -- Radiation Medicine Physics Clerkship -- (2 cr.) Anatomy 328 -- Human Anatomy -- (3 cr.) Physiology 335 -- Physiology -- (5 cr.) ‡ Med. Phys. 900 -- Journal Club and Seminar

Medical Imaging Emphasis in Medical Physics
1st Semester -- (Fall) † Med. Phys. 501 -- Radiological Physics and Dosimetry -- (3 cr.) † Med Phys 473 – Imaging in Medicine – Linear Systems -- (3 cr.) † Med. Phys. 567 -- The Physics of Diagnostic Radiology -- (3 cr.) ‡ Med. Phys. 900 -- Journal Club and Seminar -- (1 cr.) 2nd Semester -- (Spring) † Med Phys 474 – Imaging in Medicine – Stochastic Methods -- (3 cr.) † Med. Phys. 568 -- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) -- (3 cr.) ‡ Med. Phys. 900 -- Journal Club and Seminar -- (1 cr.)

Medical Physics Qualifier 3rd Semester -- (Fall) † Med. Phys. 661 to 666 -- Rad Lab in Radiological Physics -- (1-3 cr.) † Med. Phys. 463 -- Radioisotopes in Medicine and Biology -- (3 cr.) † Med. Phys. 575 -- Diagnostic Ultrasound Physics -- (3 cr.) ‡ Med. Phys. 900 -- Journal Club and Seminar
4th Semester -- (Spring) † Med. Phys. 661 to 666 -- Rad Lab in Radiological Physics -- (1-3 cr.) ‡ Med. Phys. 900 -- Journal Club and Seminar

Essential Aspects of Graduate Education

CAMPEP Process and Curriculum Typical CAMPEP Curriculum Implementation Alternate Fused Programs – Generate More! Start them Young!
What do they look like!

BS-NE/MS-MP – Dual Degree Program Plan
(SeniorYear)
Senior Year - Fall Semester

Course NEEP 427 MP 501 MP XXX EPD 397 Nuclear Instrum. Lab. Radiological Physics and Dosimetry Medical Phys Electives (e.g., MP 463, MP567) Technical Writing Liberal Elective
Senior Year - Spring Semester Nuclear Reactor Lab. Econ. & Environ. Aspects of Nuclear Energy Nuclear Engineering Design Medical Physics Elective (e.g., MP410, MP 566) Liberal Studies Electives

Undergrad Credit 2 3 6 3 3

Graduate Credit 2

NEEP 428 NEEP 571 NEEP 412 MP XXX

2 3 5 3 3

BS-NE/MS-MP – Dual Degree Program Plan
(Fifth Year)
Fifth Year – Fall Semester
Course Undergrad Credit Graduate Credit

MP 575 MP 473 MP XXX

Diagnostic Ultrasound Medical Imaging Medical Physics Electives (e.g., MP 571) Radiation Lab (e.g. Health Physics focus) Journal Club

3 3 5 1 1

Fifth Year - Spring Semester
Health Physics Brachytherapy Medical Physics Electives (e.g., MP 401, MP 410, MP 566) Radiation Lab – Elective Journal Club Total Credits MP 569 MP 570 MP XXX 4 3 3 1 1 27

33

Essential Aspects of Graduate Education

CAMPEP Process and Curriculum Typical CAMPEP Curriculum Implementation Alternate Fused Programs – Generate More! Start them Young!
What do they look like!

Nuclear Engineering - Radiation Sciences Track
Fall Semester Cr Spring Semester Freshman Year
5 5 2 3 15 EMA 201 Statics Math 222 Calculus & Analytic Geom. Stat 224 Statistics for Engineers ME 231 Graphics Liberal Studies Electives

Cr

Chem 109 General & Anal Chemistry I Math 221 Calculus & Analytic Geom. Communications "A" Elective EPD 160 Intro. to Engineering

3 5 3 2 3 16

Sophomore Year
Math 234 Calculus-Fn. of Several Var. Phys 202 General Physics EMA 202 Dynamics NEEP 271 Engr. Prob. Solving I EPD 275 or CA 105 Public Speaking 3 5 3 3 2 16 Math 319 Differential Equations 3 Physics 241 or Phys. 205 Modern Phys. 3 ME 361 Engineering Thermodynamics 3 EMA 303 Mechanics of Materials 3 EMA 307 Mechanics of Materials Lab 1 Liberal Studies Electives 3 16

Nuclear Engineering - Radiation Sciences Track
Fall Semester Cr Spring Semester Junior Year
3 3 3 3 4 16 NEEP 405 Nuclear Reactor Theory NEEP 408 Ionizing Radiation Phys 322 Electromagnetic Fields Computing Elective ECE 376 Electrical Circuits Free Elective

Cr

NEEP 305 Fund. of Nuclear Engr. Math 321 Appl. Math. Analysis MS&E 350 Intro. to Materials Science Technical Elective Liberal Studies Electives

3 3 3 3 3 1 16

Senior Year
NEEP 427 Nuclear Instrum. Lab Med Phys 501 Radiological Physics & Dosimetry Medical Physics Electives Liberal Studies Electives EPD 397 Technical Writing 2 3 6 3 3 17 NEEP 412 Nuclear Engineering Design 5 NEEP 428 Nuclear Reactor Lab. 2 NEEP 571 Econ. & Envir. Aspects of Nuclear Energy 3 Medical Physics Elective 3 Liberal Studies Elective 3 16

Total credits for Graduation: 128

BS-NE/MS-MP Dual Degree Program Plan

Undergrad credits prior to senior year: Undergrad credits 4th and 5 th years: Total undergrad credits: Total graduate credits: Credits used for both: Total credits:

95
33 128

27 (2) 153

Essential Aspects of Graduate Education

CAMPEP Process and Curriculum Typical CAMPEP Curriculum Implementation Alternate Fused Programs – Generate More! Start them Young!
What do they look like!

Fall 2002 Final Admissions Summary
Applied Total
Women

Admitted 22
9

58
18

Admitted Accepted 12
7

Admitted Declined 10
2

% Admitted 38%
50%

Denied 36
9

% Denied 62%
50%

Men
Foreign

40
34

13
6

5
4

8
2

32.5%
18%

27
28

67.5%
82%

Minority

2 (F3,M4)

1 (F3)

0

1 (F3)

50%

1

50%

Year

Applied

Admitted

Enrolled

% Admitted

% Enrolled *

Average GPA Applied

Average GPA Admitted

Average GPA Enrolled

Fall 2002
Fall 2001 Fall 2000 Fall 1999

58
35 41 44

22
21 21 24

12
15 12 13

38%
60% 51% 55%

21%
43% 29% 30%

3.38
3.50 3.45 3.44

3.54
3.55 3.47 3.58

3.61
3.50 3.46 3.4

Average GRE Scores of Enrolled Students

Fall 2002: Fall 2001: Fall 2000: Fall 1999: Fall 1998: Fall 1997: Fall 1996: Fall 1995: Fall 1994:

V 486 (53%) V 501 (58%) V 518 (60%) V 547 (68%) V 533 (62%) V 546 (67%) V 624 (82%) V 594 (77%) V 565 (82%)

Q 713 (78%) Q 727 (83%) Q 752 (89%) Q 745 (90%) Q 754 (90%) Q 720 (84%) Q 747 (89%) Q 758 (90%) Q 746 (91%)

A 666 (75%) A 672 (77%) A 664 (77%) A 733 (89%) A 669 (78%) A 668 (79%) A 692 (83%) A 708 (86%) A 717 (94%)

Physics Physics Physics Physics Physics Physics Physics Physics Physics

563 (29%) 625 (37%) 683 (48%) 725 (59%) 732 (63%) 661 (47%) 626 (43%) 639 (43%) 664 (48%)

Average

546 (68%)

740 (87%)

688 (82%)

658 (46%)

Admission Data 2003

GRE * Total GPA Admit Funding Sex TOEFL 1510 3.78 1450 3.34 1400 3.82 1390 3.22 1380 3.87 1370 3.19 1300 3.58 1240 3.81 1210 3.62 1190 4.00 1140 3.96 X X X X X X X X X X X Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y M M F F M M M M M M M -----------

V

V %

Q

Q% 91 91 84 89 97 97 94 75 61 82 80

A 5.5 780 740 5 750 750 670 710 4.5 740 3.5

Phys A % Phys % UG Institution 74 96 89 620 540 500 92 92 77 83 780 600 no 590 no 91 no 590 34 34 79 41 23 14 72 3.6 Trinity University Dartmouth College Lawrence University University of Chicago Hope College McMaster University Augustana College Michigan St. Univ. U of Wisc-Eau Claire W. Kentucky Univ. S. Methodist Univ.

Minority

Int'l

720 98 790 670 95 780 640 91 760 610 86 780 580 81 800 570 78 800 510 63 790 520 65 720 560 76 650 450 45 740 400 30 740

Canada

X

X

*Q&A

Admission Data 2003

GRE Total 1450 1360 1330 1330 1320 1280 1250 1240 1240 1230 1220 1130 1010 990

GPA Admit 3.70 3.29 3.40 3.35 3.48 3.69 3.23 3.65 3.45 3.30 3.68 3.60 3.24 3.98 x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

Funding

Sex M M M F M F M F F F M F F F

TOEFL 230 -------------

V 650 620 530 560 620 550 580 530 540 530 430 450 330 320

V% 92 88 68 76 88 73 80 68 70 67 39 45 12 12

Q 800 740 800 770 700 730 670 710 700 700 790 680 680 670

Q% 97 80 97 92 71 78 66 76 71 71 91 68 68 66

A 660 4.5 800 750 3.5 5 680 700 420 690 3.5 5

A % Phys 74 no no 98 94 no no 550 no 76 83 17 78 no ? 550 510 no no no

Phys % UG Institution Hanyang University MT St. Univ/U of MT U of W. Ontario Wesleyan Univ. 24 Carleton University UCA - Santa Barbara W. Virginia Univ. Bates College 24 16 Wake Forest Univ. U of Notre Dame McGill University SUNY College, Geneseo Gettysburg College 6 IL Wesleyan U/Lewis U

Minority

Int'l Korea

Canada

X

670

73

460

AAPM Membership
Full Members
4,000 3,500 3,441 2,833 2,922 3,550

Number of Members

3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 0 1,949 2,005 2,166 2299 2,280 2,442

2,716 2,573 2,615 2,658

Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Est 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Years Ending December 31

AAPM % Change in Membership
% Change in Full Membership
20.0% 15.0%
% Change

10.0% 5.0% 0.0% -5.0%
1990 1991- 1992- 1993- 1994- 1995- 1996- 1997- 1998- 1999- 2000- 2001- 20021991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

Year of Change
Average % change each year: 4.8%

Training Pattern Needed To Support AAPM Membership
Average AAPM Membership Change 154 Average Retirement Rate 11 Average Total New Members Needed +/- 60
Assume ½ M.S. and ½ Ph.D. M.S. Program Needed 50 Ph.D. Program Needed

135 +/66 +/-

201

250 +/500 +/-

University of Wisconsin Science and Engineering PhDs 2001
Science and Engineering Doctorates by Institution and Major Field 2001
School Rank S&E Eng Phys Env Math Comp Bio Psyc Soc !S&E UC - Berkeley 1 538 150 99 8 40 21 101 18 101 213 U of Illinois Urbana 2 476 160 87 4 23 22 87 37 56 197 Mass. Int. of Tech 3 443 226 77 18 16 8 55 1 42 49 Stanford University 4 440 168 61 20 16 21 70 17 67 107 UT - Auston 5 426 143 69 11 11 10 49 53 80 306 UW-Madison 6 424 83 59 15 20 11 123 26 87 232 U of Mich. Ann Arbor 7 406 166 49 7 21 8 60 26 69 159 UC - Los Angeles 8 405 83 53 15 15 21 96 36 86 204 UM - Twin Cities 9 395 108 38 9 16 12 111 37 64 238 Ohio State University 9 395 90 55 22 17 7 105 37 62 196 Texas A&M Univ. 11 374 111 34 27 16 17 95 24 50 132 Tot 751 673 492 547 732 656 565 609 633 591 506

National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Science and Engineering Doctorate Awards: 2001, NSF 03-300, Susan T. Hill (Arlington, VA 2002).

SWAT Analysis Advantanges
• Excellent Positions Opportunities
• Good-Excellent Job Satisfaction

• Mixture of Academic, Industrial, and Private Jobs •Good-Excellent Compensation
• Strong Professional Organizations

SWAT Analysis Opportunities
• Many Advancing Opportunities
• Movement of Federal Funding to Translational Research

• Increasingly Diverse Research and Clinical Opportunities
• Partnerships with Health Care Delivery Organizations

SWAT Analysis Threats
• Balkanization of Specialties
• Failure to Attract Best and Brightest

• Encroachment of BioMedicalEngineering • Failure to Keep Pace with Advances in Biomedical Discoveries – Molecular Medicine and Genomics • Financial Threats to Training Programs

University of Wisconsin Medical School


				
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