DEVELOPMENT OF CARGO VILLAGE IN THE WESTERN BACKWATERS OF by bud19087

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									DEVELOPMENT OF CARGO VILLAGE IN
  THE WESTERN BACKWATERS OF
         KARACHI PORT

            Presented by
         Christopher C. Grieb
          Lyon Associates

            In association with

        Engineering Associates
      CONCEPT OF CARGO VILLAGE

 What is It?
 What are its Functions?
 What Role does it play in port development?
 Why is Cargo Village needed at Karachi Port?
          WHAT IS A CARGO VILLAGE

   The concept is associated with both ports and
    airports

   It may be called Dry Ports, Export Processing Zones,
    Foreign or Free Trade Zones, or Intermodal
    Distribution Centers

   Near Terminal Inland Container Depots, Container
    Freight Stations or Bonded Warehouses
              TYPES OF FUNCTIONS

   DISTRIBUTION SERVICES
       DISTRIBUTION CENTERS
       BONDED & OPEN WAREHOUSING OPERATIONS
       ICD & CFS OPERATION
       SPECIALIZED CARGO SERVICES


   VALUE ADDED SERVICES
       FTZ OPERATIONS
       EXPORT PROCESSING
       MANUFACTURING & DISTRIBUTION
              SOME EXAMPLES

 DISTRIBUTION    SERVICES
    DUBAI/JEBEL ALI
    PHILADELPHIA
    SINGAPORE

 VALUE   ADDED SERVICES
    SHANGHAI
    ROTTERDAM
    TRINIDAD
WHAT ROLE DOES CARGO VILLAGE PLAY
      IN PORT DEVELOPMENT?


 EFFICIENCY   OF OPERATIONS & SERVICES

 CONCENTRATION     OF      SIMILAR
 OPERATIONS & SERVICES THAT DO NOT
 NEED TO BE IN THE MORE VALUABLE
 TERMINAL AREAS
  WHY DOES KARACHI PORT NEED A
        CARGO VILLAGE?

 SHIPPING TRENDS
 GROWTH IN CONTAINERIZED GOODS
 SIGNIFICANT INBALANCE OF IMPORTS
  OVER EXPORTS
 A LARGE PERCENTAGE OF IMPORT
  CONTAINERS ARE STRIPPED IN THE
  KARACHI REGION
 FORECAST OF LONG TERM DEMANDS
                                                            SHIPPING TRENDS

                                                                COMPARISON OF SHIPPING TRENDS, 1992-2003, KARACHI PORT


                    1,200




                    1,000



                                                                                                                                            CONTAINER SHIPS
NUMBER OF VESSELS




                     800
                                                                                                                                            BULK CARGO SHIPS
                                                                                                                                            GENERAL CARGO SHIPS
                                                                                                                                            OIL TANKERS
                     600
                                                                                                                                            Linear (GENERAL CARGO SHIPS)
                                                                                                                                            Linear (BULK CARGO SHIPS)
                                                                                                                                            Linear (OIL TANKERS)
                     400
                                                                                                                                            Linear (CONTAINER SHIPS)



                     200




                      -
                            1992-93   1993-94   1994-95   1995-96   1996-97   1997-98   1998-99   1999-2000   2000-01   2001-02   2002-03
                                                                              YEAR
                     GROWTH IN CONTAINERIZED GOODS

                                                             CONTAINER SHIPS VERSUS CONTAINERS HANDLED, KPT


             1,200




             1,000




              800
SHIPS/TEUS




                                                                                                                                       CONTAINER SHIPS
                                                                                                                                       AVG TEUS HANDLED
              600
                                                                                                                                       Linear (AVG TEUS HANDLED)
                                                                                                                                       Linear (CONTAINER SHIPS)

              400




              200




               -
                     1992-93   1993-94   1994-95   1995-96     1996-97   1997-98   1998-99   1999-2000   2000-01   2001-02   2002-03
                                                                          YEAR
          INBALANCE OF IMPORTS OVER EXPORTS

                                                                    FORECASTS OF DRY BULK AND GENERAL CARGO IMPORTS & EXPORTS, KPT


       10,000,000

        9,000,000

        8,000,000

        7,000,000                                                                                                                                                                            GENERAL CARGO IMPORTS
                                                                                                                                                                                             GENERAL CARGO EXPORTS
        6,000,000                                                                                                                                                                            DRY BULK IMPORTS
TONS




                                                                                                                                                                                             DRY BULK EXPORTS
        5,000,000
                                                                                                                                                                                             Linear (GENERAL CARGO IMPORTS)
        4,000,000                                                                                                                                                                            Linear (GENERAL CARGO EXPORTS)
                                                                                                                                                                                             Linear (DRY BULK IMPORTS)
        3,000,000                                                                                                                                                                            Linear (DRY BULK EXPORTS)

        2,000,000

        1,000,000

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                                                                                                                                                                                  20
                                                                                                      YEAR
             PERCENTAGE OF IMPORT CONTAINERS
              STRIPPED IN THE KARACHI REGION
                              FORECASTS OF LCL CONTAINERS, KPT 2004-2023


             500,000


             450,000


             400,000


             350,000


             300,000
TOTAL TEUS




                                                                                      HIGH
             250,000                                                                  LOW
                                                                                      FORECAST
             200,000


             150,000


             100,000


              50,000


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                                               YEAR
        FORECASTED DEMANDS

 GENERAL   CARGO
 DRY BULK
 REFRIGERATED CARGO
 CONTAINERS
 STORAGE
 WAREHOUSING
       GENERAL CARGO
                              (Million Tons)
                  AVAILABLE
YEAR   QUANTITY               SHORTFALL
                   STORAGE

2003     4.3        4.3           O
2008     5.2        4.6           .6
2013     6.3        4.9          1.5
2018     7.9        5.2          2.7
2023    10.1        5.5          4.6
                     DRY BULK

   CARGO      2000-01   2001-02     2002-03   2003-04

FERTILIZER    979,801   1,059,939 1,277,783 1,281,238


PHOSPHATE     294,095    322,162    306,547   324,160


COKE & COAL      0       101,855    297,514   1,125,512


RICE          1,760,517 1,227,065   903,789   760,590
            REFRIGERATED CARGO

             PRODUCTION      EXPORT     EXPORT
  PERIOD
              (000 TONS)   (000 TONS)     %
1980-1985       9,872         353        3.6

1985-1990      12,143         501        4.1

1990-1995      14,618         624        4.3

1995-2000      17,597         777        4.4

2000-2003      18,952         848        4.5
         CONTAINERS


          YEAR 2013

 LOW      FORECAST    HIGH

85 HA      116 HA     149 HA

          YEAR 2024

107 HA     195 HA     283 HA
STORAGE & WAREHOUSING FORECAST



              Current     2013       2023
STORAGE         2 ha       4 ha       7 ha

WAREHOUSING    15 mill   22.5 mill   30 mill
                m2         m2         m2
         CARGO VILLAGE DEVELOPMENT

   PHASE I
       RECLAMATION OF 330 ACRES
       350 M QUAY
       INFRASTRUCTURE
       DEVELOP IN THREE STAGES


   PHASE 11
       CREATION OF 800 ACRES
       DEEPENING OF THE NEW CHANNEL
   KARACHI PORT CARGO VILLAGE

LOCATION AND SITE CHARACTERISTICS
    CARGO VILLAGE MASTER PLAN

 ICD   & CFS = 22 HA
 INTERMODAL     YARD = 6-7 HA
 OFFICE   PARK & ADMIN. = 8-10 HA
 BONDED    WAREHOUSES = 24-29 HA
 REFRIGERATED     CARGO = 8 HA
 ROADS    AND PARKING = 29-30 HA
 OTHER    = 19-20 HA
            CHALLENGES

 ENVIRONMENTAL   PROBLEMS

 DISPLACEMENT   OF RESIDENTS

 SECOND   CHANNEL DESIGN

           PUBLIC PRIVATE
 DEVELOPING
 PARTNERSHIPS
        PHASE I – SIX EPC CONTRACTS

 ALL   MARINE WORKS
 ICI   INTERCHANGE & RR LINKAGES
 INTERNAL    ROAD & CV APPROACHES
 COMMON  USER FACILITIES (EX. SECURITY,
 FIRE FIGHTING)
3   MW POWERPLANT
 250,000   GPD SOLID WASTE MGMT SYSTEM
        PROJECT CAPITAL COSTS

                        FINANCIAL COSTS
           ITEM
                           RS. MILLION
RECLAMATION                    676
SERVICES & UTILITIES         756
BUILDING & STRUCTURES         58
WHARF                        198
TOTAL BASE COSTS             1,688
CONT. & INTEREST             695
TOTAL                        2,383
            SUMMARY

 IDENTIFICATION  OF NEED
 JUSTIFICATION OF NEED
 DEVELOPMENT OF MASTER PLAN
 PHASE I AND PHASE II
 BUDGET
 ECONOMIC EVALUATION
 DEVELOPMENT OPTIONS
 STATUS – PH I – SIX EPC CONTRACTS
THANK YOU

Any Questions?

								
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