Little Snake RMP by cmk16156

VIEWS: 5 PAGES: 109

									                                                                                                                     IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                             Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

SIGNIFICANCE CRITERIA
      Inability to accommodate the demand for ROW corridors, communication sites, and major roads.
      Inability to accommodate land tenure adjustments necessary to meet RMP objectives and in the public interest.

ASSUMPTIONS
    Existing ROWs and communication sites would be managed to protect valid existing rights.
    Existing ROWs may be modified upon their renewal if it were shown such action meets the objectives of the RMP.
    ROW holders may maintain their access at their discretion consistent within the terms of their grant.
    BLM would continue to process land tenure adjustments.
    The demand for communication sites and ROW corridors would increase within the life of this plan.
    BLM will use voluntary approaches to increase access to public lands through acquisition land tenure adjustments and other means at
     their discretion.

METHODS OF ANLAYSIS

Lands and realty is a resource use rather than an environmental component. Consequently, impacts to lands and realty are a direct result of the
emphasis of other resource programs. The discussion of the effects on lands in each alternative will be limited to the effects on permitted or
authorized uses, including restrictions, costs, and issuance or denial of proposals. Impact analyses and conclusions are based on interdisciplinary
team knowledge of resources and the project area, which includes BLM specialists from the Little Snake Field Office, as well as a review of
existing literature. Effects are quantified where possible using field observations, aerial photography and GIS data. In the absence of quantitative
data, best professional judgment was used. Impacts are sometimes described using ranges of potential impacts or in qualitative terms if
appropriate.




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                                               Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


     ALTERNATIVE A
                                           ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C            ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                           SOIL RESOURCES
Fragile Soils
A. Allow surface-disturbing         No similar action.         Same as Alternative A.   Same as Alternative A.
   activities on isolated sites
   that meet fragile soil
   criteria only where
   performance standards
   and objectives can be met.
B. Permit surface occupancy         No similar action.         Same as Alternative A.   Same as Alternative A
   on federal surface only
   where adherence to
   performance objectives for
   surface-disturbing
   activities within fragile-soil
   areas is assured.
   Performance objectives for
   fragile soils are the
   following:
   1. Maintain the soil
        productivity by
        reducing soil loss from
        erosion and through
        proper handling of the
        soil material.
   2. Reduce impact to off-
        site areas by
        controlling erosion
        and/or overland flow
        from these areas.
   3. Protect water quality
        and quantity of
        adjacent surface and
        groundwater sources.


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                                             Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

       ALTERNATIVE A
                                         ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C            ALTERNATIVE D
 (NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
    4. Reduce accelerated
         erosion caused by
         surface-disturbing
         activities.
    5. Select best possible
         site for development to
         reduce the impacts to
         the soil and water
         resources.
Would continue to impose           No impacts anticipated.   Same as Alternative A.   Same as Alternative A.
design and siting
requirements and associated
costs on new ROWs, or
amended, or renewed ROWs
at existing sites.
May restrict placement and
could possibly limit future
access, delay availability of
energy supply (by restricting
pipelines, transmission
lines, and wind & solar
projects), and limit
communications.

Operators: increase costs

Could also require utility
corridors and
communication sites to be
installed in less desirable
locations or areas with more
restrictions on accessibility
or construction.
Surface Use



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                                             Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                          ALTERNATIVE B                        ALTERNATIVE C                           ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
C. For new oil and gas leases      Same as Alternative A.            Same as Alternative A.                  Same as Alternative A.
   and all surface-disturbing
   activities permitted under
                    1
   the 1989 RMP , ensure
   that applicants
   demonstrate compliance
   with performance
   objectives through a plan
   of development, using
   alternative measures, or
   use of the following
   mitigative measures:
   1. Retain all sediments
        generated from the
        surface-disturbing
        activity on site.
   2. Do not allow
        construction or other
        surface-disturbing
        activities when the
        soils are saturated to a
        depth of more than 3
        inches.
   3. Limit vehicle use to
        existing roads and
        trails.
   4. Build all new
        permanent roads to
        meet BLM primary
        road standards in


1 These requirements do not supersede valid existing rights on approved applications for permits to drill, developing leases or entry under the
general mining laws; rights-of-way construction will be allowed along Moffat County roads 4, 67 and 126 on a case-by-case basis. BLM will work
with operators/permittees/county engineers to develop appropriate compliance measures.


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                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

      ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B          ALTERNATIVE C      ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
       locations approved by
       the authorized officer
       (for oil and gas
       purposes, permanent
       roads are those used
       for production).
   5. Conduct all
       geophysical and
       geochemical
       exploration by
       helicopter, horseback,
       on foot or from existing
       roads.
   6. Design any sediment-
       control structures,
       reserve pits or
       disposal pits to contain
       a 100 year, 6 hour
       storm event and
       provide storage
       volumes within these
       structures that have a
       design life of 25 years.
   7. Before reserve,
       production or
       emergency pits are
       reclaimed remove all
       residue and truck it off
       site to an approved
       disposal site.
   8. Initiate reclamation of
       disturbed surfaces
       before November 1
       each year.
Approve all reclamation plans


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                                              Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

        ALTERNATIVE A
                                          ALTERNATIVE B                   ALTERNATIVE C                           ALTERNATIVE D
 (NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
by the authorized officer in
advance and require a bond if
necessary, if one has not been
previously posted.
Would continue to impose           Same as Alternative A.        Same as Alternative A.                   Same as Alternative A.
design and siting requirements
and associated costs on new
ROWs, or amended, or
renewed ROWs at existing
sites.
May restrict placement and
could possibly limit future
access, limit energy supply (by
restricting pipelines,
transmission lines, and wind &
solar projects), and limit
communications.
Could also require utility
corridors and communication
sites to be installed in less
desirable locations or areas
with more restrictions on
accessibility or construction.
Could also limit access to sites
during construction and road
placement may not be as
desirable.
                                                            WATER RESOURCES
A. Establish no-surface            No similar action.            Establish no-surface occupancy           Same as Alternative C.
   occupancy stipulations                                        stipulations up to ¼ mile of perennial
   from within 500 feet to ¼                                     water sources, if necessary
   mile of perennial water                                       depending on type and use of
   sources, depending on                                         source, soil type and slope
   type and use of source,                                       steepness. Exceptions granted


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                                              Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

        ALTERNATIVE A
                                          ALTERNATIVE B                     ALTERNATIVE C                             ALTERNATIVE D
 (NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
    soil type and slope                                            according to Appendix X.
    steepness.
Would restrict placement to        No impacts anticipated.         Impacts would be the same as             Impacts would be the same as
outside these areas. Could                                         Alternative A.                           Alternative A.
also require utility corridors
and communication sites to be
installed in less desirable
locations or areas with more
restrictions on accessibility or
construction.
                                                        FISH AND WILDLIFE HABITAT
 A. Raptors (golden eagle,         No similar action.             Same as Alternative A.                    Raptors (golden eagle, osprey, all
    osprey, all accipiters,                                                                                 accipiters, falcons, except kestrel,
    falcons, except kestrel,                                                                                butteos, and owls): NSO within 1/4
    butteos, and owls): NSO                                                                                 mile radius of nest site. In addition,
    within 1/8 mile radius of                                                                               exceptions granted according to
    nest site. NSO area may                                                                                 criteria established in Appendix X.
    be altered depending
    upon the active status of
    the nest site or the
    geographical relationship
    of topographical barriers
    and vegetation screening
    to the nest site.
 B. Peregrine Falcon: NSO          No similar action.               NSO within ¼ mile radius of cliff       Same as Alternative C.
    within ¼ mile radius of                                        nesting complex. In addition, NSO
    cliff nesting complex. No                                      area may be altered depending
    exceptions.                                                    upon the active status of the nesting
                                                                   complex or the geographical
                                                                   relationship of topographical barriers
                                                                   and vegetation screening.
 C. Waterfowl and Shorebird:       No similar action.              Same as Alternative A. In addition,      Same as Alternative C.
    NSO on significant                                             NSO area may be altered depending
    production areas                                               upon the active status of the


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                                              Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                          ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                            ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
    (Waterfowl Habitat                                       production areas or the geographical
    Management Areas and                                     relationship of topographical barriers
    rookeries). No                                           and vegetation screening.
    exceptions.                                              Exceptions: granted according to
                                                             criteria established in Appendix X.
Would continue to impose           No impacts anticipated.   Impacts would be the same as             Impacts would be the same as
design and siting requirements                               Alternative A. However, allowing the     Alternative C. However, allowing
and associated costs on new                                  NSO area to be altered for peregrine     exceptions for raptors stipulations
ROWs, or amended, or                                         falcon stipulations and exceptions       could minimize the potential to affect
renewed ROWs at existing                                     for waterfowl and shorebird              placement and costs for new ROWs,
sites on X acres (X% of the                                  stipulations could minimize the          or amended, or renewed ROWs at
LSFO).                                                       potential to affect placement and        existing sites.
May restrict placement and                                   costs for new ROWs, or amended,
could possibly limit future                                  or renewed ROWs at existing sites.
access, limit energy supply (by
restricting pipelines,
transmission lines, and wind &
solar projects), and limit
communications.
Could also require utility
corridors and communication
sites to be installed in less
desirable locations or areas
with more restrictions on
accessibility or construction.
  D. Raptor nesting and            No similar action.        Same as Alternative A. In addition,      Same as Alternative C.
       fledgling habitat (golden                             exceptions granted according to
       eagle and all accipiters,                             criteria established in Appendix X.
       falcons, except the
       kestrel, all butteos, and
       owls) - February 1 to
       August 15. Applies to ¼
       mile buffer zone around
       the nest site.
  E. Exceptions to raptor


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                                          Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

      ALTERNATIVE A
                                      ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                         ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
    habitat. During years
    when a nest site is
    unoccupied or
    unoccupied by or after
    May 15, the seasonal
    limitation may be
    suspended. It may also
    be suspended once
    young have fledged and
    dispersed from the nest.
 F. Peregrine falcon cliff     No similar action.        Same as Alternative A. In addition,    Same as Alternative C.
    nesting complex – March                              exceptions granted according to
    16 to July 31. Applies ½                             criteria established in Appendix X.
    mile buffer area around
    the nesting complex to
    prevent abandonment
    and desertion of
    established territories.
    Exceptions: during years
    when a nest is
    unoccupied or
    unoccupied by or after
    May 15, the seasonal
    stipulation may be
    suspended. May also be
    suspended once the
    young have fledged and
    dispersed from the nest.
 G. Big game species (mule     No similar action.        Big game species (mule deer, elk,      Same as Alternative A.
    deer, elk, pronghorn                                 pronghorn antelope, and bighorn
    antelope, and bighorn                                sheep) crucial winter habitat –
    sheep) crucial winter                                December 1 to April 30, with the
    habitat – December 1 to                              intent of this stipulation remaining
    April 30. Exceptions:                                consistent with big game hunting
    under mild winter                                    season. In the case that hunting


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                                               Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

       ALTERNATIVE A
                                           ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                        ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
     conditions, the last 60                                  season would extend later,
     days of the seasonal                                     exceptions would be applied
     limitation period may be                                 according to Appendix X.
     suspended. Severity of
     winter determined on                                     Exceptions: granted according to
     basis of snow depth,                                     criteria established in Appendix X.
     snow crusting, daily
     mean temperatures, and
     concentration of animals
     on winter range during
     winter months.
 H. Big game birthing areas:         No similar action.       Elk calving – April 16 to June 30     Same as Alternative C.
   1. Elk calving – April 16
        to June 30
                                                              Pronghorn Antelope fawning – May
   2. Pronghorn Antelope
                                                              1 to July 15
        fawning – May 1 to
        July 15
   3. Rocky Mountain                                          Bighorn Sheep – May 1 – July 15
        Bighorn Sheep
        lambing – May 1 to                                    Exceptions: granted according to
        July 15                                               criteria established in Appendix X.
   4. Desert Bighorn Sheep
        lambing – March 16 to
        May 30

 I.   Exceptions: When it is
      determined through a
      site-specific
      environmental analysis
      that specific actions
      would not interfere with
      critical habitat function or
      compromise animal
      conditions within the
      project vicinity, the


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                                                Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

         ALTERNATIVE A
                                            ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                         ALTERNATIVE D
 (NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
       restriction may be altered
       or removed.
  J. Greater Sandhill Crane          No similar action.        Same as Alternative A. In addition,   Same as Alternative C.
       nesting and staging                                     exceptions granted according to
       habitat areas – March 1                                 criteria established in Appendix X.
       to October 16. No
       exceptions.
  K. Osprey nesting and              No similar action.        Same as Alternative A. In addition,   Same as Alternative C.
       fledgling habitat – April 1                             exceptions granted according to
       to August 31. Applies to                                criteria established in Appendix X.
       a ½ mile buffer zone to
       avoid nest abandonment.
Would continue to impose             No impacts anticipated.   Impacts would be the same as          Impacts would be the same as
design and siting requirements                                 Alternative A. However, allowing      Alternative C.
and associated costs on                                        exceptions could minimize the
construction of new ROWs, or                                   potential to affect placement and
amended, or renewed ROWs                                       costs for the construction of new
at existing sites seasonally on                                ROWs, or amended or renewed
X acres (Need to acres overlap                                 ROWs at existing sites.
by month/season).
May restrict placement and
could possibly limit future
access, limit energy supply (by
restricting pipelines,
transmission lines, and wind &
solar projects), and limit
communications.
Where seasonal restrictions
severely limit the time available
to complete activities,
relocation of surface facilities
may be required.
  L. No similar action               Same as Alternative A     Controlled Surface Use/Timing         No similar Action. See White-Tailed
                                                               stipulation:                          Prairie Dog ACEC management



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                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                            ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                       Surface disturbing activities that are   under Special Designations section.
                                                       larger than 1 acre will not be
                                                       permitted in active prairie dog towns
                                                       less than 10 acres in size. These
                                                       activities will be relocated to the
                                                       edge of the active prairie dog town.
                                                       Surface disturbing activities smaller
                                                       than 1 acre or within towns that are
                                                       larger than 10 acres will not be
                                                       permitted between April 1 and June
                                                       15 in order to protect prairie dog
                                                       pups.

                                                       Exception Criteria: If a company has
                                                       a well pad in place but for what ever
                                                       reason is not able to complete the
                                                       well prior to April 1, this timing
                                                       restriction would be granted an
                                                       exception. Exceptions may be
                                                       considered on a case by case basis
                                                       following Appendix X guidelines.
No impacts anticipated.      No impacts anticipated.   Imposing design and siting               See White-Tailed Prairie Dog ACEC
                                                       requirements and associated costs        section.
                                                       on construction of major new ROWs,
                                                       or amended, or renewed ROWs at
                                                       existing sites seasonally on X acres.
                                                       May restrict placement and could
                                                       possibly limit future access, limit
                                                       energy supply (by restricting
                                                       pipelines, transmission lines, and
                                                       wind & solar projects), and limit
                                                       communications.
                                                       Where seasonal restrictions
                                                       severely limit the time available to
                                                       complete activities, relocation of


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                                             Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                         ALTERNATIVE B                      ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                  surface facilities may be required.
                                                         SPECIAL STATUS SPECIES
A. Colorado BLM sensitive         Same as Alternative A.          In addition to Alternative A, BLM       In addition to Alternative C, review
     species (plant and                                           would survey for rare plant             Colorado Natural Heritage Database
     wildlife): Surveys would                                     communities and if any such             for sensitive plant species not listed
     be conducted of potential                                    communities are found, all disruptive   on BLM sensitive species list and
     habitat for Colorado BLM                                     activities would be delayed until       determine appropriate management
     sensitive species before                                     specific protective measures were       for species on case-by-case basis.
     any surface disturbance.                                     developed and implemented, if
     Should any such species                                      appropriate.
     be found, all disruptive
     activities would be halted
     until species-specific
     protective measures were
     developed and
     implemented.
Could, in some cases, result in   Same as Alternative A.            Same as Alternative A.                Same as Alternative A.
the relocation of lands and
realty facilities, which would
potentially increase project
costs and result in project
delays.
B. White Pelican nesting and      No similar action – protected    No similar action – protected under    No similar action – protected under
     feeding habitat areas –      under standard terms and         standard terms and conditions.         standard terms and conditions.
     March 16 to September        conditions.
     30. No exceptions.
Would continue to impose          Impacts would be the same as     Impacts would be the same as           Impacts would be the same as
design and siting requirements    Alternative A.                   Alternative A.                         Alternative A.
and associated costs on
construction of new ROWs, or
amended, or renewed ROWs
at existing sites seasonally on
X acres (Need to acres overlap
by month/season).
May restrict placement and


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                                               Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

        ALTERNATIVE A
                                           ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                        ALTERNATIVE D
 (NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
could possibly limit future
access, limit energy supply (by
restricting pipelines,
transmission lines, and wind &
solar projects), and limit
communications.
Where seasonal restrictions
severely limit the time available
to complete activities,
relocation of surface facilities
may be required.
 C. Ferruginous Hawk nesting        No similar action.        Same as Alternative A. In addition,   Same as Alternative C.
     and fledgling habitat –                                  exceptions granted according to
     February 1 to August 15.                                 criteria established in Appendix X.
     Applies to 1-mile buffer
     zone to avoid nest
     abandonment.
Would continue to impose            No impacts anticipated.   Impacts would be the same as          Impacts would be the same as
design and siting requirements                                Alternative A. However, allowing      Alternative C.
and associated costs on                                       exceptions could minimize the
construction of new ROWs, or                                  potential to affect placement and
amended, or renewed ROWs                                      costs for the construction of new
at existing sites seasonally on                               ROWs, or amended or renewed
X acres (Need to acres overlap                                ROWs at existing sites.
by month/season).
May restrict placement and
could possibly limit future
access, limit energy supply (by
restricting pipelines,
transmission lines, and wind &
solar projects), and limit
communications.
Where seasonal restrictions
severely limit the time available
to complete activities,


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                                              Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

        ALTERNATIVE A
                                          ALTERNATIVE B                    ALTERNATIVE C                         ALTERNATIVE D
 (NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
relocation of surface facilities
may be required.
 D. Colombian sharp-tailed         No similar action.         •       Same as Alternative A              Same as Alternative C.
     grouse: NSO within ¼
     mile radius of a lek site.
     NSO area may be altered
     depending upon the active                                    In addition, exceptions granted
     status of the lek or the                                     according to criteria established in
     geographical relationship                                    Appendix X.
     of topographical barriers
     and vegetation screening
     to the lek site.
Would continue to impose           No impacts anticipated.        Impacts would be the same as           Impacts would be the same as
design and siting requirements                                    Alternative A. However, allowing       Alternative C.
and associated costs on new                                       exceptions could minimize the
ROWs, or amended, or                                              potential to affect placement and
renewed ROWs at existing                                          costs for the construction of new
sites on X acres (X% of the                                       ROWs, or amended or renewed
LSFO).                                                            ROWs at existing sites.
May restrict placement and
could possibly limit future
access, limit energy supply (by
restricting pipelines,
transmission lines, and wind &
solar projects), and limit
communications.
Could also require utility
corridors and communication
sites to be installed in less
desirable locations or areas
with more restrictions on
accessibility or construction.
 E. Protect the federally-         See Special Designations       Same as Alternative A                  Same as Alternative A
     endangered American           section.
     peregrine falcon, Colorado


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                                             Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

      ALTERNATIVE A
                                         ALTERNATIVE B                ALTERNATIVE C                           ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
    Squawfish, humpback
    chub, bonytail chub and
    the state protected
    razorback sucker by
    designation of Cross
    Mountain Canyon ACEC.
See Special Designations          See Special Designations   See Special Designations section.       See Special Designations section.
section.                          section.
Greater Sage-Grouse
F. Greater Sage-Grouse:           No similar action.         For the purpose of reducing             For the purpose of further reducing
    NSO within ¼ mile radius                                 potential impacts to greater sage-      potential impacts to greater sage-
    of a lek site. NSO area                                  grouse lek integrity, NSO within ¼      grouse lek integrity, NSO within a
    may be altered depending                                 mile radius of a lek site. NSO area     0.6 mile radius of a lek site. NSO
    upon the active status of                                may be altered depending upon the       area may be altered depending
    the lek or the geographical                              active status of the lek or the         upon the active status of the lek or
    relationship of                                          geographical relationship of            the geographical relationship of
    topographical barriers and                               topographical barriers and              topographical barriers and
    vegetation screening to                                  vegetation screening to the lek site.   vegetation screening to the lek site.
    the lek site.

                                                             In addition, exceptions granted         In addition, exceptions granted
                                                             according to criteria established in    according to criteria established in
                                                             Appendix X.                             Appendix X.


Would continue to impose          No impacts anticipated.    Impacts would be the same as            Impacts would be the same as
design and siting requirements                               Alternative A. However, allowing        Alternative C. However, imposing
and associated costs on new                                  exceptions could minimize the           design and siting requirements could
ROWs, or amended, or                                         potential to affect placement and       occur on X acres (X% of the LSFO).
renewed ROWs at existing                                     costs for the construction of new
sites on X acres (X% of the                                  ROWs, or amended or renewed
LSFO).                                                       ROWs at existing sites.
May restrict placement and
could possibly limit future
access, limit energy supply (by



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                                            Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

        ALTERNATIVE A
                                        ALTERNATIVE B                ALTERNATIVE C                             ALTERNATIVE D
 (NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
restricting pipelines,
transmission lines, and wind &
solar projects), and limit
communications.
Could also require utility
corridors and communication
sites to be installed in less
desirable locations or areas
with more restrictions on
accessibility or construction.
 G. Nesting habitat March 1-     No similar action          For the purpose of preventing             For the purpose of preventing
     June 30.                                               disturbing up to 75% of nesting           disturbing greater than 75% of
                                                            birds, from March 1- June 30,             nesting birds, from March 1- June
                                                            greater sage-grouse nesting and           30, greater sage-grouse nesting and
                                                            early brood-rearing habitat (as           early brood-rearing habitat (as
                                                            defined in Chapter 3) would be            defined in Chapter 3) would be
                                                            controlled surface use for oil and        controlled surface use for oil and
                                                            gas exploration and development           gas exploration and development
                                                            and avoidance areas for other             and avoidance areas for other
                                                            surface disturbing activities within a    surface disturbing and disruptive
                                                            4-mile radius of the perimeter of a       activities.
                                                            lek. All surface disturbing activities
                                                            would avoid only nesting and early
                                                                                                      Exceptions, modification, or waivers
                                                            brood-rearing habitat within the 4-
                                                            mile radius of the lek during this time   granted according to criteria
                                                            period.                                   established in Appendix X.
                                                        •
                                                                                                      The actual area to be avoided would
                                                            Exceptions, modification, or waivers      be determined on a case-by-case
                                                            granted according to criteria             basis dependent on applicable
                                                            established in Appendix X.                scientific research and site-specific
                                                                                                      analysis and in coordination with
                                                            The actual area to be avoided would       commodity users and other
                                                            be determined on a case-by-case



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                                                                                                      IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B             ALTERNATIVE C                            ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                     basis dependent on applicable            appropriate entities.
                                                     scientific research and site-specific
                                                     analysis and in coordination with
                                                     commodity users and other
                                                     appropriate entities.
                                                                                              Same as Alternative C
                                                     The use of the following Best
                                                     Management Practices (BMPs) will
                                                     be encouraged for all surface
                                                     disturbing activities. The BLM may
                                                     require implementation of some of
                                                     the following BMPs. Use of these
                                                     BMPs become even more important
                                                     once disturbance reaches 10
                                                     percent of nesting habitat within 4
                                                     mile radius of an active lek. As new
                                                     BMPs are developed, they may be
                                                     added to the following list or replace
                                                     some of the following BMPs.
                                                     Habitat Reclamation
                                                      Use early and effective
                                                       reclamation techniques, including
                                                       interim reclamation, to allow sage
                                                       grouse habitat to be re-
                                                       established as soon as possible.
                                                       (may require multiple reclamation
                                                       efforts)
                                                      Utilize reclamation seed mixes
                                                       consisting of native
                                                       bunchgrasses, forbs and
                                                       subspecies of big sagebrush that
                                                       are appropriate for the disturbed
                                                       site and its potential.


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                              IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B              ALTERNATIVE C                   ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                      Practice reclamation techniques
                                                       that speed recovery of pre-
                                                       existing vegetation.
                                                      Avoid aggressive, non-native
                                                       grasses (e.g. intermediate
                                                       wheatgrass, pubescent
                                                       wheatgrass, crested wheatgrass,
                                                       smooth brome, etc) in reclamation
                                                       seed mixes.
                                                      Cooperate with county weed
                                                       programs to control noxious weed
                                                       infestations associated with oil
                                                       and gas development
                                                       disturbances.
                                                     Footprint Reduction
                                                      Reduce long-term footprint of
                                                       facilities to the smallest practical
                                                       space.
                                                      Design and construct roads to
                                                       minimize duplication.
                                                      Cluster development of roads,
                                                       pipelines, electric lines and other
                                                       facilities and use existing,
                                                       combined corridors where
                                                       possible.
                                                      Use directional drilling where
                                                       biologically significant habitats
                                                       are involved, to minimize impact
                                                       to grouse habitat, if such
                                                       techniques are technically



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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                             IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B              ALTERNATIVE C                  ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                        feasible.
                                                      Minimize pad size and other
                                                       facilities to the extent possible,
                                                       consistent with safety. (Where
                                                       directional drilling is utilized,
                                                       larger pads are needed for
                                                       multiple wells.)
                                                      Minimize width of field surface
                                                       roads. Avoid engineered and
                                                       graveled roads when possible to
                                                       reduce the footprint.
                                                     Reduce Disturbance to Birds
                                                      Limit non surface disturbing
                                                       activities during the breeding
                                                       season (March 1 – May 1) near
                                                       active sage grouse leks to
                                                       portions of the day after 9:00 a.m.
                                                       and before 4:00 p.m.
                                                      Reduce noise impacts from
                                                       compressor stations by locating
                                                       stations and at least 2500 feet
                                                       away from leks or by decibel
                                                       reduction equipment.
                                                      Field development plans will be
                                                       required if exploration or wildcat
                                                       wells indicate that substantial
                                                       drilling may occur.
                                                      Reduce daily visits to well pads
                                                       and road travel to the extent
                                                       possible in sage grouse habitat.



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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                             IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                             Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                         ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                            ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                             Utilize remote telemetry to
                                                              monitor wells when practical to
                                                              reduce daily visits to wells.
                                                             Gate field service roads or
                                                              otherwise limit regular public
                                                              access on field service roads.
                                                              (consistent with landowner wishes
                                                              and direction for split estate wells
                                                              or ROW access across private
                                                              lands.)
H. Crucial winter habitat         No similar action         Same as Alternative A. In addition,      For the purpose of reducing
   closed– December 16 to                                   exceptions would be granted              disturbance to the animals, greater
   March 15. No exceptions.                                 according to criteria established in     sage grouse winter habitat (Map X)
                                                            Appendix X.                              would be closed to surface
                                                                                                     disturbing and disruptive activities
                                                                                                     from December 16 to March 15. In
                                                                                                     addition, for the purpose of
                                                                                                     protecting greater sage-grouse
                                                                                                     winter habitat, these areas would be
                                                                                                     controlled surface use for oil and
                                                                                                     gas exploration and development
                                                                                                     and avoidance areas for other
                                                                                                     surface disturbing and disruptive
                                                                                                     activities.

                                                                                                     Exceptions granted according to
                                                                                                     criteria established in Appendix X.
Would continue to impose          No impacts anticipated.   Impacts would be the same as             Impacts would be the same as
design and siting requirements                              Alternative A. However, imposing         Alternative C. However, imposing
and associated costs on                                     design and siting requirements could     design and siting requirements could
construction of new ROWs, or                                occur on X acres (X% of the LSFO).       occur on X acres (X% of the LSFO).
amended, or renewed ROWs                                    But, allowing exceptions could
at existing sites seasonally on                             minimize the potential to affect


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                    IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                               Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

        ALTERNATIVE A
                                           ALTERNATIVE B              ALTERNATIVE C                   ALTERNATIVE D
 (NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
X acres (Need to acres overlap                                placement and costs for the
by month/season).                                             construction of new ROWs, or
May restrict placement and                                    amended or renewed ROWs at
could possibly limit future                                   existing sites.
access, limit energy supply (by
restricting pipelines,
transmission lines, and wind &
solar projects), and limit
communications.
Where seasonal restrictions
severely limit the time available
to complete activities,
relocation of surface facilities
may be required.
Black-footed Ferret
 I. No surface-disturbing           No Similar Action         Same as Alternative A          Same as Alternative A. In addition,
     activities will be allowed                                                              see White-Tailed Prairie Dog ACEC
     that may significantly alter                                                            management under Special
     the prairie dog complex                                                                 Designations section.
     making it unsuitable for
     reintroduction of the black-
     footed ferret.
 J. Per the 1995 Black-footed       No Similar Action         Same as Alternative A          Same as Alternative A
     Ferret Reintroduction
     Amendment 1995, require
     deterrent devices
     designed to prevent
     raptors from perching on
     power line structures on all
     new construction to
     discourage predation on
     ferrets.
 K. Rights-of-way on public         No Similar Action.        Same as Alternative A.         Same as Alternative A.
     land that have the
     potential to disturb


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                              IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                              Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

        ALTERNATIVE A
                                         ALTERNATIVE B                          ALTERNATIVE C                  ALTERNATIVE D
 (NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
     occupied black-footed
     ferret habitat will be
     rerouted to avoid those
     prairie dog towns.
Would continue to impose          No impacts anticipated.               Impacts would be the same as   Impacts would be the same as
design and siting requirements                                          Alternative A.                 Alternative A.
and associated costs on new
ROWs, or amended, or
renewed ROWs at existing
sites on X acres (X% of the
LSFO).
May restrict placement and
could possibly limit future
access, limit energy supply (by
restricting pipelines,
transmission lines, and wind &
solar projects), and limit
communications.
Could also require utility
corridors and communication
sites to be installed in less
desirable locations or areas
with more restrictions on
accessibility or construction.
Colorado River Fishes
 L. No similar action             No Surface Occupancy NSO)             Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
                                  within critical or occupied habitat
                                  of Colorado pikeminnow
                                  (Ptychocheilus lucius),
                                  razorback sucker (Xyrauchen
                                  texanus), humpback chub (Gila
                                  cypha), and bonytail (Gila
                                  elegans). Exceptions that may
                                  cause adverse affect to listed



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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                      IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B                       ALTERNATIVE C                  ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                             fish (such as bridge abutments)
                             will require site specific
                             consultation with FWS.
M. No similar action         Where possible, implement          Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
                             measures to reduce selenium
                             concentrations in the upper
                             Colorado River basin. For
                             example, decrease erosion in
                             areas with selenium-rich soils
                             (e.g., shale-derived soils),
                             maintain adequate vegetation
                             cover on the site, control
                             ephemeral streamflow with
                             water spreading structures, or
                             apply NSO stipulations on steep
                             slopes with selenium-rich soils.
No impacts anticipated.      Would continue to impose           Impacts would be the same as   Impacts would be the same as
                             design and siting requirements     Alternative B.                 Alternative B.
                             and associated costs on new
                             ROWs, or amended, or renewed
                             ROWs at existing sites on X
                             acres (X% of the LSFO) and
                             possibly X acres containing
                             steep slopes with selenium-rich
                             soils.
                             May restrict placement and
                             could possibly limit future
                             access, limit energy supply (by
                             restricting pipelines,
                             transmission lines, and wind &
                             solar projects), and limit
                             communications.
                             Could also require utility
                             corridors and communication



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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                  IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                         Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B                         ALTERNATIVE C            ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                             sites to be installed in less
                             desirable locations or areas with
                             more restrictions on accessibility
                             or construction.
                             Allowing exceptions could
                             minimize the potential to affect
                             placement and costs for the
                             construction of new ROWs, or
                             amended or renewed ROWs at
                             existing sites. However, FWS
                             consultation may increase pre-
                             project costs and result in
                             project delays.
N. No similar action         All new pipelines and                Same as Alternative B.   Same as Alternative B.
                             other controlled surface
                             uses crossing any
                             critical or occupied
                             habitat of the Colorado
                             River fishes will adhere
                             to the following
                             stipulations:
                                   1. Pipelines shall
                                       not be
                                       constructed in
                                       known
                                       spawning sites
                                       or backwaters.
                                   2. No work in the active
                                       river channel will take
                                       place between July 1
                                       and September 30.
                                       This will avoid adverse
                                       affects from
                                       sedimentation during
                                       spawning, and when


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                                     IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                         Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                     ALTERNATIVE B                           ALTERNATIVE C                            ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                       larval fishes are drifting
                                       in the river channel.
                                   3. After construction, the
                                       stream bed will be
                                       returned to pre-
                                       construction contours.
                                   4. Pipelines transporting
                                       substances other than
                                       water will have
                                       automatic shut off
                                       valves.
                                   5. Pipelines transporting
                                       substances other than
                                       water will be double-
                                       walled where they cross
                                       the river.
                                   6. A spill/leak contingency
                                       plan will be developed.
O. No similar action         Controlled surface uses other          Same as Alternative B.                   Same as Alternative B.
                             than pipelines crossing any
                             critical or occupied habitat of the
                             Colorado River fishes will
                             require separate section 7
                             consultation.
P. No similar action         No similar action                      Proposed pipelines that cross critical   Existing and proposed pipelines that
                                                                    or occupied habitat should be            cross critical or occupied habitat
                                                                    evaluated for risks to the Colorado      should be evaluated for risks to the
                                                                    River fishes. Evaluation should          Colorado River fishes. Evaluation
                                                                    include: contingency and/or              should include: contingency and/or
                                                                    emergency plans in place and their       emergency plans in place and their
                                                                    adequacy to reduce risks to these        adequacy to reduce risks to these
                                                                    fishes, conditions of manual shut-off    fishes, conditions of manual shut-off
                                                                    valves (if any), accessibility to        valves (if any), accessibility to
                                                                    manual shut-off valves, and              manual shut-off valves, and



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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                                   IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B                          ALTERNATIVE C                            ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                 relationship of pipeline location to      relationship of pipeline location to
                                                                 spawning habitat. If the opportunity      spawning habitat. If the opportunity
                                                                 exists, BLM should use its discretion     exists, BLM should use its discretion
                                                                 to modify pipelines determined to         to modify pipelines determined to
                                                                 pose a potential adverse affect.          pose a potential adverse affect.
No impacts anticipated.      Would increase construction         Impacts would be the same as              Impacts would be the same as
                             and operating costs for             Alternative B.                            Alternative B. However, existing
                             pipelines and ROW facilities                                                  pipelines may need to be modified,
                             crossing these habitats.                                                      removed, or relocated as well,
                             Allowing exceptions could                                                     increasing operating costs, adding
                             minimize the potential to affect                                              new construction costs, and possibly
                             placement and costs for the                                                   disrupting on-going operations.
                             construction of new ROWs, or
                             amended or renewed ROWs at
                             existing sites.
                             Where seasonal restrictions,
                             time delays, and/or costs
                             associated with facility design,
                             surface facilities may need to be
                             relocated.
Q. No similar action         No similar action                   BLM should identify all water             Same as Alternative C.
                                                                 diversion structures on BLM lands
                                                                 that may pose a risk to the Colorado
                                                                 River fishes or their critical habitat.
                                                                 For those diversions that may pose
                                                                 a risk, BLM should coordinate with
                                                                 the Recovery Implementation
                                                                 Program to identify actions to
                                                                 eliminate or minimize the potential
                                                                 risk and recognize valid existing
                                                                 rights (e.g. minimize entrainment or
                                                                 impingement by using screens,
                                                                 baffles, etc.).
No impacts anticipated.      No impacts anticipated.             Existing water diversion structures       Impacts would be the same as


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                                       IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                               Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                          ALTERNATIVE B                          ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                        may need to be modified, removed,      Alternative B.
                                                                        or relocated, potentially increasing
                                                                        operating costs, adding new
                                                                        construction costs, and possibly
                                                                        disrupting on-going operations.
Mexican Spotted Owl
 R. Mexican spotted owl            No Surface Occupancy shall be        Same as Alternative B.                 Same as Alternative B.
     nesting and fledgling         applied to all protected activity
     habitat – February 1 to       centers (PACs). Other surface
     July 31. Applied to           disturbing activities within
     territories in which an       protected or restricted habitats –
     owl(s) has been spotted,      such as prescribed fires and
     but no nests or roosts        fuels reduction – may occur in
     have been confirmed and       specific cases, but will require
     in territory where there is   separate Section 7 consultation.
     confirmed nesting,
     feeding, and roosting
     activity. No exceptions.
Would continue to impose            Would continue to impose            Impacts would be the same as           Impacts would be the same as
design and siting requirements     design and siting requirements       Alternative B.                         Alternative B.
and associated costs on            and associated costs on new
construction of new ROWs, or       ROWs, or amended or renewed
amended, or renewed ROWs           ROWs at existing sites on X
at existing sites seasonally on    acres (X% of the LSFO).
X acres (Need to acres overlap     May restrict placement and
by month/season).                  could possibly limit future
May restrict placement and         access, limit energy supply (by
could possibly limit future        restricting pipelines,
access, limit energy supply (by    transmission lines, and wind &
restricting pipelines,             solar projects), and limit
transmission lines, and wind &     communications.
solar projects), and limit         Could also require utility
communications.                    corridors and communication
Where seasonal restrictions        sites to be installed in less



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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                               IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                                Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

        ALTERNATIVE A
                                           ALTERNATIVE B                         ALTERNATIVE C                  ALTERNATIVE D
 (NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
severely limit the time available   desirable locations or areas with
to complete activities,             more restrictions on accessibility
relocation of surface facilities    or construction.
may be required.
 S. Mexican Spotted Owl:            Non-surface disturbing activities    Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
     NSO within ¼ mile radius       in PACs shall avoid the MSO
     of confirmed roost site and    breeding season (March 1
     nesting site. No               through August 31).
     exceptions.
Would continue to impose            Impacts would be the same as         Impacts would be the same as   Impacts would be the same as
design and siting requirements      Alternative A. However,              Alternative B.                 Alternative B.
and associated costs on new         imposing design and siting
ROWs, or amended or                 requirements could occur on X
renewed ROWs at existing            acres (X% of the LSFO).
sites on X acres (X% of the
LSFO).
May restrict placement and
could possibly limit future
access, limit energy supply (by
restricting pipelines,
transmission lines, and wind &
solar projects), and limit
communications.
Could also require utility
corridors and communication
sites to be installed in less
desirable locations or areas
with more restrictions on
accessibility or construction.
 T. No similar action               Within MSO ―steep slope‖ and         Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
                                    ―canyon‖ habitats (as defined in
                                    the recovery plan), trees greater
                                    than 9 inches dbh shall not be
                                    removed. Thinning of trees less
                                    than 9 inches dbh, fuels


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                         IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                         Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B                          ALTERNATIVE C                  ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                             treatments, and prescribed fire
                             are allowed on a case-by-case
                             basis to reduce fire hazard and
                             improve habitat condition for owl
                             prey. Habitat components that
                             should be retained include
                             snags, large logs (≥12 inches
                             dbh), grasses, forbs, and
                             shrubs. No seasonal restrictions
                             apply in this habitat type.
No impacts anticipated.      Could affect facility design and      Impacts would be the same as   Impacts would be the same as
                             placement and increase                Alternative B.                 Alternative B.
                             construction costs to
                             accommodate retaining such
                             habitat components.
Yellow-billed Cuckoo
U. No similar action         Construction of roads, pipelines,     Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
                             and power lines through riparian
                             habitat should be placed near
                             the edge of current YBC habitat
                             and should not occur from June
                             1 through August 1. Roads, new
                             trails, and rights-of- way should
                             be combined where possible
                             and stream crossings should be
                             at right angles to YBC habitat to
                             minimize impacts.
V.      No similar action    Prohibit permanent surface            Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
                             disturbing activities within ¼ mile
                             of any suitable YBC habitat.
                             Exceptions should be evaluated
                             on a case by case basis to avoid
                             adverse impact.



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                                                                                                                  IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B                          ALTERNATIVE C                           ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
W. No similar action         To avoid direct impacts or           Same as Alternative B.                   Same as Alternative B.
                             changes in riparian habitat, do
                             not modify stream channel
                             morphology or annual stream
                             flow regimes in suitable habitat.
No impacts anticipated.      Would impose design and siting       Impacts would be the same as             Impacts would be the same as
                             requirements and associated          Alternative B.                           Alternative B.
                             costs on new ROWs, or
                             amended or renewed ROWs at
                             existing sites on X acres (X% of
                             the LSFO).
                             May restrict placement and
                             could possibly limit future
                             access, limit energy supply (by
                             restricting pipelines,
                             transmission lines, and wind &
                             solar projects), and limit
                             communications.
                             Could also require utility
                             corridors and communication
                             sites to be installed in less
                             desirable locations or areas with
                             more restrictions on accessibility
                             or construction.
Mountain Plover
X. No similar action         No similar action                    1. Surface use is prohibited from        Same as Alternative C
                                                                     April 1 to July 15 within ¼ mile of
                                                                     occupied nesting habitat for
                                                                     mountain plovers. This
                                                                     stipulation does not apply to the
                                                                     operation and maintenance of
                                                                     production facilities.

                                                                  2. Exception: An exception may be


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                          31
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                      IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                          granted by the authorized officer
                                                          if the operator submits a plan
                                                          which demonstrates that the
                                                          proposed action will not affect
                                                          the mountain plover or its
                                                          habitat. If the authorized officer
                                                          determines that the action may
                                                          or will have an adverse effect,
                                                          the operator may submit a plan
                                                          demonstrating that the impacts
                                                          can be adequately mitigated.

                                                       3. Modification: The boundaries of
                                                          the stipulated area may be
                                                          modified if the authorized officer
                                                          determines that portions of the
                                                          area are not critical to the
                                                          mountain plover.

                                                       4. Waiver: The stipulation may be
                                                          waived if the authorized officer
                                                          determines that the portion of
                                                          the lease under the restriction no
                                                          longer provides potential to be
                                                          occupied by the species for
                                                          nesting habitat.
Y.     No similar action     No similar action         1. Surface occupancy and use is         Same as Alternative C
                                                           prohibited within 1/8 mile of
                                                           occupied nesting habitat for
                                                           mountain plovers.

                                                       2. Exception: An exception may be
                                                          granted by the authorized officer
                                                          if the operator submits a plan


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                      IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                       Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                           which demonstrates that the
                                                           proposed action will not affect
                                                           the mountain plover nest site.

                                                       3. Modification: The boundaries of
                                                          the stipulated area may be
                                                          modified if the authorized officer
                                                          determines that surface
                                                          occupancy will not harm the
                                                          integrity of the nest or nest
                                                          location.

                                                       4. Waiver: The stipulation may be
                                                            waived if the authorized officer
                                                            determines that the portion of
                                                            the lease under the no surface
                                                            occupancy restriction no longer
                                                            provides potential to be used by
                                                            the species for nesting.
No impacts anticipated.      No impacts anticipated.   Would impose design and siting          Impacts would be the same as
                                                       requirements and associated costs       Alternative C.
                                                       on new ROWs, or amended or
                                                       renewed ROWs at existing sites on
                                                       X acres (X% of the LSFO).
                                                       May restrict placement and could
                                                       possibly limit future access, limit
                                                       energy supply (by restricting
                                                       pipelines, transmission lines, and
                                                       wind & solar projects), and limit
                                                       communications.
                                                       Could also require utility corridors
                                                       and communication sites to be
                                                       installed in less desirable locations
                                                       or areas with more restrictions on


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                              33
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                                IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                            Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                        ALTERNATIVE B                          ALTERNATIVE C                     ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                      accessibility or construction.
                                                                      But, allowing exceptions,
                                                                      modifications, and waivers could
                                                                      minimize the potential to affect
                                                                      placement and costs for the
                                                                      construction of new ROWs, or
                                                                      amended or renewed ROWs at
                                                                      existing sites.
Canada Lynx
No similar action                Conservation measures outlined       Same as Alternative B              Same as Alternative B
                                 in the Canada Lynx
                                 Conservation and Assessment
                                 Strategy (2000),will be
                                 implemented, as necessary.
No impacts anticipated.          Would impose design and siting       Impacts would be the same as       Impacts would be the same as
                                 requirements and associated          Alternative B.                     Alternative B.
                                 costs on new ROWs, or
                                 amended or renewed ROWs at
                                 existing sites on X acres (X% of
                                 the LSFO).
                                 May restrict placement and
                                 could possibly limit future
                                 access, limit energy supply (by
                                 restricting pipelines,
                                 transmission lines, and wind &
                                 solar projects), and limit
                                 communications.
                                 Could also require utility
                                 corridors and communication
                                 sites to be installed in less
                                 desirable locations or areas with
                                 more restrictions on accessibility
                                 or construction.
Colorado River Cutthroat Trout


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                           IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                            Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                        ALTERNATIVE B                        ALTERNATIVE C                  ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
Z.    No similar action          Land management decisions           Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
                                 which are likely to affect CCP‘s
                                 or CP‘s should ensure that
                                 habitat elements for cutthroat
                                 trout are protected. Timber
                                 management, road construction,
                                 mineral development, and their
                                 associated impacts to CCP‘s or
                                 CP‘s should be analyzed and
                                 mitigated prior to project
                                 implementation.
No impacts anticipated.          Could affect facility design and    Impacts would be the same as   Impacts would be the same as
                                 placement or access to facilities   Alternative B.                 Alternative B.
                                 and increase construction costs
                                 to accommodate mitigation
                                 requirements.
Federally Listed and Candidate Plants
AA. No similar action          Surface disturbing activities or      Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
                               land exchange in occupied or
                               suitable habitat locations should
                               be preceded by a current year
                               survey and separate Section 7
                               Consultation.
BB. No similar action          BLM should avoid authorizing          Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
                               ground disturbing activities until
                               Section 7 Interagency
                               Consultation is completed.
CC.    No similar action       The BLM should stipulate and          Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
                               implement fugitive dust control
                               methods on permitted actions
                               and activities occurring on public
                               lands thru the NEPA process to
                               prevent any adverse effects to


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                   35
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                                 IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                         Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B                          ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                             federal listed or candidate
                             plants.
DD. No similar action        No similar action                    Projects that remove topsoil in areas   Same as Alternative C.
                                                                  of suitable habitat for listed and
                                                                  candidate plants shall set aside and
                                                                  replace the topsoil when ground
                                                                  work is completed to preserve the
                                                                  seed bank and associated
                                                                  mycorrhizal species.
EE.     No similar action    Protective stipulations for          Same as Alternative B.                  Same as Alternative B.
                             federally listed and candidate
                             plants will also include
                             appropriate measures to protect
                             specific, pollinating species
                             where known and identified by
                             FWS.
No impacts anticipated.      Conducting surveys and FWS           Impacts would be the same as            Impacts would be the same as
                             consultation, and applying dust      Alternative B. In addition,             Alternative C.
                             control and stipulation for          stockpiling and replacing topsoil
                             pollinating species would            could increase construction time and
                             increase pre-project and             costs.
                             construction costs and
                             potentially result in project
                             delays. Could, in some cases,
                             result in the relocation of lands
                             and realty facilities.
Boreal Toad
FF. No similar action        Minimize activities that may         Same as Alternative B.                  Same as Alternative B.
                             increase or cause sedimentation
                             at boreal toad breeding sites.
GG.     No similar action    Identify and eliminate barriers to   Same as Alternative B.                  Same as Alternative B.
                             allow safe movement of toads
                             between breeding sites, as well


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                              IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                              Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                          ALTERNATIVE B                         ALTERNATIVE C                  ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                   as between breeding sites and
                                   hibernacula.
No impacts anticipated.            Could affect facility design and     Impacts would be the same as   Impacts would be the same as
                                   placement or access to facilities    Alternative B.                 Alternative B.
                                   and increase construction costs
                                   to accommodate mitigation
                                   requirements.
Bald Eagle
HH. Bald Eagle: NSO within ¼       Year round No Surface                Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
    mile radius of roost or nest   Occupancy within ¼ mile radius
    site. NSO area may be          of both occupied and
    altered depending upon         unoccupied nests. Definition of
    the active status of the       ‗occupied nest‘ [from Northern
    roost or the geographical      States Bald Eagle Recovery
    relationship of                Plan 1983, page D4].: a) young
    topographical barriers and     were observed, b) eggs were
    vegetation screening. No       laid (eggs or eggshell fragments
    exceptions for nest sites.     observed), c) one adult
                                   observed in incubating (―sitting
                                   low‖) posture on the nest during
                                   the incubation period, d) two
                                   adults observed at an empty
                                   nest or within the breeding area,
                                   and e) one adult and one eagle
                                   in immature plumage at or near
                                   a nest, especially if mating or
                                   reproductive behavior (display
                                   flights, copulation, nest repair,
                                   etc.) was observed.
II. No similar action              No Surface Occupancy within          Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
                                   100 meter radius of abandoned
                                   nests (unoccupied for 5
                                   consecutive years, but with all or



LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                      37
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                          IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                             Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                         ALTERNATIVE B                      ALTERNATIVE C                  ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                  part of the nest remaining).
Would continue to impose          Impacts would be the same as      Impacts would be the same as   Impacts would be the same as
design and siting requirements    Alternative A; however, impacts   Alternative B.                 Alternative B.
and associated costs on new       could occur in areas containing
ROWs, or amended or               unoccupied nests as well.
renewed ROWs at existing
sites on X acres (X% of the
LSFO).
May restrict placement and
could possibly limit future
access, limit energy supply (by
restricting pipelines,
transmission lines, and wind &
solar projects), and limit
communications.
Could also require utility
corridors and communication
sites to be installed in less
desirable locations or areas
with more restrictions on
accessibility or construction.
 JJ. Bald eagle nesting habitat   No human activity or other        Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
     – December 15 to June        surface disturbance within ½
     15. Applies ½ mile buffer    mile radius of occupied nests
     zone around the nest site    from November 15 through July
     to prevent disruption of     31.
     nesting. Exceptions:
     During years when a nest
     site is unoccupied by or
     after May 15, timing
     limitation may be
     suspended. May also be
     suspended once young
     have fledged and
     dispersed from nest.


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                               IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                               Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

       ALTERNATIVE A
                                          ALTERNATIVE B                          ALTERNATIVE C                  ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
KK. Bald eagle winter roost        Human activities within ¼ mile of     Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
    site – November 16 to          known winter hunting perches
    April 15. Applies ½ mile       and ½ mile of critical night
    buffer area around the         roosts on BLM land should be
    roost site to avoid            restricted from November 15 to
    relocation to less suitable    March 15. Buffers can be
    areas. Exceptions: If          reduced to ¼ mile for night
    there is partial or complete   roosts and 1/8 mile for hunting
    visual screening of the        perches if the activity is visually
    area of activity, the          screened by vegetation or
    primary zone around the        topography. Development may
    roost site may be reduced      be permitted at other periods. If
    to ¼ mile.                     periodic visits (such as oil well
                                   maintenance work) are required
                                   within the buffer zone after
                                   development, activity should be
                                   restricted to the hours of 1000
                                   and 1400 hours from November
                                   15 to March 15 (new guidelines
                                   developed by CDOW based on
                                   current data). Exceptions will
                                   require consultation with FWS
                                   for each individual action.
Would continue to impose           Would impose design and siting        Impacts would be the same as   Impacts would be the same as
design and siting requirements     requirements and associated           Alternative B.                 Alternative B.
and associated costs on            costs on new ROWs, or
construction of new ROWs, or       amended or renewed ROWs at
amended, or renewed ROWs           existing sites on X acres (X% of
at existing sites seasonally on    the LSFO).
X acres (Need to acres overlap     May restrict placement and
by month/season).                  could possibly limit future
May restrict placement and         access, limit energy supply (by
could possibly limit future        restricting pipelines,
access, limit energy supply (by    transmission lines, and wind &
restricting pipelines,             solar projects), and limit


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                               IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                                Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

       ALTERNATIVE A
                                           ALTERNATIVE B                         ALTERNATIVE C                  ALTERNATIVE D
 (NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
transmission lines, and wind &      communications.
solar projects), and limit          Could also require utility
communications.                     corridors and communication
Where seasonal restrictions         sites to be installed in less
severely limit the time available   desirable locations or areas with
to complete activities,             more restrictions on accessibility
relocation of surface facilities    or construction.
may be required.
 LL. No similar action              Prohibit cutting down any native     Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
                                    tree on BLM land that is 12
                                    inches dbh or greater, and within
                                    100 feet of a river bank or other
                                    foraging area. Exceptions will
                                    require consultation with FWS
                                    for each individual action.
MM.       No similar action         Prohibit any activity on BLM         Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
                                    lands which has the potential to
                                    kill perch trees or impede
                                    utilization of foraging areas.
No impacts anticipated.             Could affect facility design and     Impacts would be the same as   Impacts would be the same as
                                    placement and increase               Alternative B.                 Alternative B.
                                    construction costs to
                                    accommodate retaining such
                                    habitat components.
NN. No similar action               All surface disturbing activities    Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
                                    (e.g., project construction)
                                    should be prohibited within ¼
                                    mile of known roosts on BLM
                                    land, unless the activity will
                                    benefit wintering bald eagles or
                                    their habitat. Exceptions will
                                    require consultation for each
                                    individual action.



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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                       IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B                        ALTERNATIVE C                  ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
MMMM. No similar action      New roads and bridges on BLM        Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
                             lands should be located at least
                             ½ mile from critical night roots.
                             If BLM chooses to construct a
                             road or bridge within ½ mile of
                             critical night roosts, then the
                             road must be closed to all use
                             from November 15 to March 15.
                             If topography or vegetation
                             provide a visual screen, the
                             buffer can be reduced to ¼ mile,
                             but the seasonal closure would
                             still be required.
NNNN. No similar action      All new power line construction     Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
                             should comply with the Avian
                             Power Line Interaction
                             Committee‘s publication:
                             Suggested Practices for Raptor
                             Protection on Power Lines: The
                             State of the Art in 1996. Edison
                             Electric Institute/Raptor
                             Research Foundation,
                             Washington, D.C. Copies of this
                             report may be obtained from the
                             Raptor Research Foundation,
                             Carpenter Nature Center, 12805
                             St. Croix Trail South, Hastings,
                             Minnesota 55033.
No impacts anticipated.      Would impose design and siting      Impacts would be the same as   Impacts would be the same as
                             requirements and increase           Alternative B.                 Alternative B.
                             construction costs to
                             accommodate mitigation
                             requirements on new ROWs, or
                             amended or renewed ROWs at


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                              IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                              Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                          ALTERNATIVE B                         ALTERNATIVE C                  ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                   existing sites.
                                   May restrict placement and
                                   could possibly limit some lands
                                   and realty actions or access to
                                   facilities.
                                   Could also require utility
                                   corridors and communication
                                   sites to be installed in less
                                   desirable locations or areas with
                                   more restrictions on accessibility
                                   or construction.
                                                                        FIRE
A. Use maximum suppression         Use appropriate fire                 Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
    on areas with high             management response in areas
    resource values,               where fire not desired at all or
    structures, commercial         wildfire is not desired such as
    forest, oil and gas            ecosystems where fire never
    developments, cultural         played a significant positive role
    values, improvements, and      in it‘s function; areas where
    to prevent fire from           suppression is required to
    spreading to adjacent          prevent direct threats to life or
    private property/structures,   property; private lands and
    etc. and provide full          urban interfaces, important
    protection to buffer areas     cultural resources, areas with
    near or adjacent to critical   unnatural fuel buildups, and
    management areas for           areas where seed bank does not
    threatened, endangered         exist for natural reseeding.
    and candidate species,
    Colorado BLM sensitive
    plant species, and
    research natural areas
    (RNA‘s).
Protects aboveground facilities    Impacts would be the same as         Impacts would be the same as   Impacts would be the same as
from fire-related damage and       Alternative A.                       Alternative A.                 Alternative A.


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                              IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                                Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

       ALTERNATIVE A
                                            ALTERNATIVE B                       ALTERNATIVE C                  ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
reduces the need for
associated repair/replacement
costs.
                                                     CULTURAL AND HERITAGE RESOURCES
Cultural Resource Surveys
Evaluate all proposed surface-       Same as Alternative A.             Same as Alternative A.         Same as Alternative A.
disturbing actions to determine
inventory needs and sites
potentially impacted by such
activities.
Ensure that all sites that are       Same as Alternative A.             Same as Alternative A.         Same as Alternative A.
listed on, or potentially eligible
for listing on, the National
Register of Historic Places are
identified and assessed
through the Section 106
consultation process before
any surface-disturbing action is
permitted.
Class 3 cultural surveys will be     Same as Alternative A. In          Same as Alternative B.         Same as Alternative B.
conducted on the specific sites      addition, prioritize non-project
where surface disturbance will       driven Class 3 surveys in the
occur. If necessary, the             Sand Wash area and Vermillion
surface disturbing activity will     Basin.
be relocated to a site in which
surveys reveal no significant
cultural/paleontological
resources.
Could, in some cases, result in      Impacts would be the same as       Impacts would be the same as   Impacts would be the same as
the relocation of lands and          Alternative A. However,            Alternative B.                 Alternative B.
realty facilities, which would       conducting non-project surveys
potentially increase project         would reduce the amount of pre-
costs and result in project          project time and associated


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                      43
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                      IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                               Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

      ALTERNATIVE A
                                          ALTERNATIVE B                       ALTERNATIVE C            ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
delays.                            costs dedicated to inventory and
                                   consultation when projects are
                                   proposed in inventoried areas.
                                                        PALEONTOLOGICAL RESOURCES
Evaluate all proposed surface-     Same as Alternative A, but         Same as Alternative B.   Same as Alternative B.
disturbing actions to determine    change second paragraph to:
inventory needs and sites
potentially impacted by such       Surface-disturbing activities in
activities.                        Class I and II Paleontological
                                   Areas devoid of thick soils and
Surface-disturbing activities in   vegetation and steep unsafe
Class I and II Paleontological     cliffs will have an inventory
Areas will have an inventory       performed by a paleontologist
performed by an accredited         with CO BLM paleo permit
paleontologist approved by the     approved by the Authorized
Authorized Officer.                Officer.

Mitigative measures for
specific locations identified on
a case-by-case basis.
No similar action.                 Standard Discovery Stipulation:    Same as Alternative B    Same as Alternative B
                                   If paleontological resources are
                                   discovered during exploration
                                   operations, the licensee shall
                                   immediately notify the Field
                                   Office Manager and shall not
                                   disturb such discovered
                                   resources until the Field Office
                                   Manager issues specific
                                   instructions.

                                   Within 5 working days after


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                                      IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                              Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                         ALTERNATIVE B                          ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                  notification, the Field Office
                                  Manager shall evaluate any
                                  paleontological resources
                                  discovered and shall determine
                                  whether any action may be
                                  required to protect or to
                                  preserve such discoveries.

                                  The cost of data recovery for
                                  cultural resources discovered
                                  during exploration operations
                                  shall be borne by the licensee, if
                                  the licensee is ordered to take
                                  any protective measures.
                                  Ownership of paleontological
                                  resources discovered shall be
                                  determined in accordance with
                                  applicable law.
Could, in some cases, result in   Impacts would be the same as         Impacts would be the same as           Impacts would be the same as
the relocation of lands and       Alternative A. In addition, if       Alternative B.                         Alternative B.
realty facilities, which would    resources are discovered,
potentially increase project      project costs would increase to
costs and result in project       pay for data recovery.
delays.
                                                        SPECIAL MANAGEMENT AREAS
Areas of Critical Environmental Concern
Limestone Ridge
Minerals and Energy:              No similar action.                   Drop ACEC designation.                 Objective: Protect sensitive plants,
No Surface Occupancy for oil                                                                                  remnant plant communities, and
and gas exploration and           Minerals and Energy: Open to         Objective: Protect sensitive plants,   scenic values.
development                       all exploration and development;     remnant plant communities, and
                                  however, not available for coal      scenic values.                         Minerals and Energy:



LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                                    45
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                                      IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                              Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                          ALTERNATIVE B                        ALTERNATIVE C                           ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                   leasing.                                                                   Closed to oil and gas exploration
Locatable - Closed                                                    Management of the area would be         and development
Other Minerals - Open                                                 the same as Alternative A, except       Locatable - Closed
Coal – Not available for leasing                                      closed to other minerals.               Other Minerals - Closed
                                                                                                              Coal – Not available for leasing
OHV: Closed
                                                                                                              OHV: Closed
VRM: Not applicable                OHV: Open
                                                                                                              VRM: Class II
Lands and Realty: Exclusion        VRM: Class III
area unless associated with                                                                                   Lands and Realty: Exclusion area
valid existing rights.             Lands and Realty: No                                                       unless associated with valid existing
                                   restrictions                                                               rights.

New ROWs, leases, and              No impacts anticipated.            Impacts would be the same as            Impacts would be the same as
easements and renewals and                                            Alternative A.                          Alternative A.
amendments would not be
authorized on XX acres.
Irish Canyon
Minerals and Energy:               No similar action.                 Objective: Protect sensitive plant,     Objective: Protect sensitive plant,
Controlled Surface Use for oil                                        remnant plant communities, scenic,      remnant plant communities, scenic,
and gas operations                 Minerals and Energy: Open to       cultural, and geologic values.          cultural, and geologic values.
Locatable - Open                   all exploration and development;
Other Minerals - Open              however, not available for coal                                            Minerals and Energy:
Coal – Not available for leasing   leasing.                           Same as Alternative A, except           Closed to oil and gas exploration
                                                                      closed to oil and gas exploration and   and development.
                                   OHV: Open                          development.                            Locatable - Closed
OHV: Limited to Designated
                                                                                                              Other Minerals - Closed
VRM: Not applicable                VRM: Class III                                                             Coal – Not available for leasing


Lands and Realty: Exclusion        Lands and Realty: No                                                       OHV: Limited to Designated



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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                                    IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                                  Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

       ALTERNATIVE A
                                           ALTERNATIVE B                       ALTERNATIVE C                         ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
area unless associated with        restrictions
valid existing rights.                                                                                      VRM: Class II

                                                                                                            Lands and Realty: Exclusion area
                                                                                                            unless associated with valid existing
                                                                                                            rights.

New ROWs, leases, and              No impacts anticipated.            Impacts would be the same as          Impacts would be the same as
easements and renewals and                                            Alternative A.                        Alternative A.
amendments would not be
authorized on XX acres.
Lookout Mountain
Minerals and Energy:               No similar action.                 Drop ACEC designation.                Objective: Protect sensitive plant,
Controlled Surface Use for oil                                                                              remnant plant communities, and
and gas operations                 Minerals and Energy: Open to       Objective: Protect sensitive plant,   scenic values.
Locatable - Open                   all exploration and development;   remnant plant communities, and
Other Minerals - Open              however, not available for coal    scenic values.                        Minerals and Energy:
Coal – Not available for leasing   leasing.                                                                 No Surface Occupancy for oil and
                                                                      Minerals and Energy:                  gas operations
                                                                      No Surface Occupancy for oil and      Locatable - Closed
                                                                      gas operations                        Other Minerals - Closed
                                                                      Locatable - Closed                    Coal –Not available for leasing
                                                                      Other Minerals - Closed
                                                                      Coal – Not available for leasing      OHV: Limited to Designated


OHV: Limited to Designated         OHV: Open                          OHV: Limited to designated            VRM: Class II


VRM: Not applicable                VRM: Class III                     VRM: Class III                        Lands and Realty:
                                                                                                            Communication Sites – Existing
                                   Lands and Realty: No               Lands and Realty:                     communication ROWs may be
Lands and Realty: Exclusion
                                   limitations                        ROW – Renewal of existing and         renewed at the end of their term in


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                                 47
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                               IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                              Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

       ALTERNATIVE A
                                          ALTERNATIVE B                  ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
area unless associated with                                     authorization of future ROWs will be   accordance with area objectives and
valid existing rights.                                          allowed upon approval of a site-       current regulations. No new
                                                                specific development plan consistent   communication sites will be
                                                                with area resource objectives.         authorized.

                                                                                                       ROW – Exclusion area

New ROWs, leases, and              No impacts anticipated.      May impose design and siting           Impacts would be the same as
easements and renewals and                                      requirements and associated costs      Alternative A.
amendments would not be                                         on new ROWs, or amended or
authorized on XX acres.                                         renewed ROWs at existing sites.
Cross Mountain Canyon (Area is currently within Cross Mountain WSA)
Minerals and Energy:               No ACEC designation but      Same as Alternative B.                 Objective: Protect sensitive plants,
No Surface Occupancy for oil       manage consistent with WSA                                          threatened and endangered species,
and gas operations                 requirements.                                                       and scenic values.

                                                                                                       Minerals and Energy:
                                                                                                       Closed to oil and gas operations
Locatable - Open
                                                                                                       Locatable - Closed
Other Minerals- Open
                                                                                                       Other Minerals- Closed
Coal – Not available for leasing                                                                       Coal – Not available for leasing

OHV: Closed                                                                                            OHV: Closed

VRM: Class I                                                                                           VRM: Class I

Lands and Realty: Exclusion                                                                            Lands and Realty: Exclusion area
area unless associated with                                                                            unless associated with valid existing
valid existing rights.                                                                                 rights.


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                          IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                              Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                          ALTERNATIVE B                    ALTERNATIVE C                   ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)




New ROWs, leases, and               Impacts would be the same as   Impacts would be the same as   Impacts would be the same as
easements and renewals and          Alternative A.                 Alternative A.                 Alternative A.
amendments would not be
authorized on XX acres.
White-Tailed Prairie Dog
No ACEC designated. Active          Same as Alternative A          Same as Alternative A          Objective: Protect white-tailed
white-tailed prairie dog                                                                          prairie dog habitat.
colonies are avoidance areas
for surface disturbing activities                                                                 The following management applies
only within black-footed ferret                                                                   only to areas within the designated
reintroduction area.                                                                              polygon (Map X) containing
                                                                                                  active/inactive white-tailed prairie
                                                                                                  dog colonies:

                                                                                                  Minerals and Energy:
                                                                                                  No Surface Occupancy for oil and
                                                                                                  gas operations
                                                                                                  Locatable - Closed
                                                                                                  Other Minerals- Closed
                                                                                                  Coal – Not available for leasing

                                                                                                  OHV: Limited to Designated

                                                                                                  VRM: No classification related to
                                                                                                  prairie dog colonies.

                                                                                                  Lands and Realty: ROW –


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                      IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                            Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                        ALTERNATIVE B                    ALTERNATIVE C                     ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                                               exclusion
Would continue to restrict       Impacts would be the same as   Impacts would be the same as   New ROWs, leases, and easements
authorization of new ROWs,       Alternative A.                 Alternative A.                 and renewals and amendments
leases, and easements and                                                                      would not be authorized on XX
renewals and amendments on                                                                     acres.
XX acres.
Authorized actions would need
to accommodate design and
siting requirements and
associated costs, which may
restrict placement and could
possibly limit future access,
limit energy supply (by
restricting pipelines,
transmission lines, and wind &
solar projects), and limit
communications.
Increased potential for
requests for new or amended
and renewed ROWs at existing
sites to be denied.
Natural Systems ACECs
No similar action                No similar action              No similar action.             Designate the following ACECs

                                                                                               Cold Desert Shrublands ACEC
                                                                                               (5,755 acres), Gibben‘s
                                                                                               Beardtongue ACEC (5,477 acres),
                                                                                               Bull Canyon ACEC (3,416 acres), G
                                                                                               Gap ACEC (5,661 acres), Little
                                                                                               Juniper Canyon ACEC (14 acres),
                                                                                               Bassett Spring ACEC (117 acres),
                                                                                               No Name Spring ACEC (76 acres),
                                                                                               Pot Creek ACEC (2,230acres),
                                                                                               Whiskey Springs ACEC (2,758


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                  50
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                         IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C             ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                                 acres), Willow Spring ACEC (88
                                                                                 acres), Deception Creek ACEC (XX
                                                                                 acres).

                                                                                 The Objective of these ACECs is to
                                                                                 protect sensitive plants and plant
                                                                                 communities.

                                                                                 The following management applies
                                                                                 only to areas within the designated
                                                                                 polygons (Map X):

                                                                                 Minerals and Energy:
                                                                                 Controlled Surface Use for oil and
                                                                                 gas operations
                                                                                 Locatable - Closed
                                                                                 Other Minerals- Closed
                                                                                 Coal – Not available for leasing

                                                                                 OHV: Limited to Designated Routes

                                                                                 VRM: No classification related to
                                                                                 ACECs.

                                                                                 Lands and Realty: ROW –
                                                                                 avoidance
No impacts anticipated.      No impacts anticipated.   No impacts anticipated.   Would restrict authorization of new
                                                                                 ROWs, leases, and easements and
                                                                                 renewals and amendments on XX
                                                                                 acres.
                                                                                 Authorized actions would need to
                                                                                 accommodate design and siting


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                                  IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                            Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                        ALTERNATIVE B                        ALTERNATIVE C                         ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                                                          requirements and associated costs,
                                                                                                          which may restrict placement and
                                                                                                          could possibly limit future access,
                                                                                                          limit energy supply (by restricting
                                                                                                          pipelines, transmission lines, and
                                                                                                          wind & solar projects), and limit
                                                                                                          communications.
                                                                                                          Increased potential for requests for
                                                                                                          new or amended and renewed
                                                                                                          ROWs at existing sites to be denied.
Wilderness Study Areas
The Diamond Breaks WSA will      Diamond Breaks WSA would be        Diamond Breaks WSA would be           Diamond Breaks WSA would be
be recommended as                managed to preserve its            managed to preserve its wilderness    managed to preserve its wilderness
preliminarily suitable for       wilderness values according to     values according to the IMP (BLM-     values according to the IMP (BLM-
wilderness designation           the IMP (BLM-H-8550-1) and         H-8550-1) and would continue to be    H-8550-1) and would continue to be
(RMP/ROD page 22). If            would continue to be managed       managed in that manner until the      managed in that manner until the
Congress does not designate      in that manner until the           Congress either designates it         Congress either designates it
Diamond Breaks as                Congress either designates it      wilderness or releases it for other   wilderness or releases it for other
wilderness, the Colorado         wilderness or releases it for      uses.                                 uses.
portion of the WSA (31,480       other uses.
acres) would be managed as a                                        If Congress releases Diamond          If Congress releases Diamond
recreation management unit;      If Congress releases Diamond       Breaks from wilderness study, it      Breaks from wilderness study, it
the Utah portion (3,900 acres)   Breaks from wilderness study, it   would be managed as follows:          would be managed as follows:
would be managed by the          would be managed as multiple
Vernal District according to     use consistent with resource
existing management                                                 OHV – Limited to designated           OHV – Closed
                                 goals and objectives.
framework plans
                                                                    Minerals –                            Minerals –
                                                                        Closed to oil and gas                Closed to oil and gas
                                                                           exploration and                       exploration and
                                                                           development                           development
                                                                        Locatable – closed                   Locatable – closed
                                                                        Other minerals – closed              Other minerals – closed
                                                                        Coal – Not available for             Coal – Not available for


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                                 IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                             Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                         ALTERNATIVE B                      ALTERNATIVE C                         ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                           leasing                               leasing

                                                                   VRM – Class II                         VRM – Class II

                                                                   Lands and Realty: ROW exclusion        Lands and Realty: ROW would be
                                                                                                          considered on a case-by-case basis.

If the WSA remains,               If the WSA remains, impacts      If the WSA remains or if released by   If the WSA remains, impacts would
authorization of new ROWs,        would be the same as             Congress, new ROWs, leases, and        be the same as Alternative A. If
leases, and easements and         Alternative A. If released by    easements and renewals and             released by Congress, no impacts
renewals and amendments           Congress, no impacts are         amendments would not be                are anticipated.
would continue to be restricted   anticipated.                     authorized on XX acres.
on XX acres. If released by
Congress, design and siting
requirements and associated
costs may be imposed, which
may restrict placement and
could possibly limit future
access, limit energy supply (by
restricting pipelines,
transmission lines, and wind &
solar projects), and limit
communications.

The Cross Mountain WSA            Cross Mountain WSA would be      Cross Mountain WSA would be            Same as Alternative C.
(including the proposed Cross     managed to preserve its          managed to preserve its wilderness
Mountain Canyon ACEC) will        wilderness values according to   values according to the IMP (BLM-
be recommended as                 the IMP (BLM-H-8550-1) and       H-8550-1) and would continue to be
preliminarily suitable for        would continue to be managed     managed in that manner until the
wilderness designation. BLM       in that manner until the         Congress either designates it
will recommend that the           Congress either designates it    wilderness or releases it for other
proposed Cross Mountain           wilderness or releases it for    uses.
wilderness remain open to oil     other uses.
and gas leasing with no-


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                                   IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                             Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

       ALTERNATIVE A
                                         ALTERNATIVE B                       ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
surface-occupancy                                                   If Congress releases Diamond
stipulations. If Congress does    If Congress releases Cross        Breaks from wilderness study, it
not designate Cross Mountain      Mountain from wilderness study,   would be managed as an ACEC as
as wilderness, the area would     it would be managed as multiple   follows:
be managed as a special           use consistent with resource
recreation management area        goals and objectives.             Objective: Protect sensitive plants,
(13,000 acres), including the                                       threatened and endangered species,
Cross Mountain Canyon ACEC                                          and scenic values.
(3,000 acres)
                                                                    Minerals and Energy:
                                                                    Closed to oil and gas operations
                                                                    Locatable - closed
                                                                    Other Minerals- closed
                                                                    Coal – Not available for leasing

                                                                    OHV: Closed

                                                                    VRM: Class II

                                                                    Lands and Realty: Exclusion area
                                                                    unless associated with valid existing
                                                                    rights.

If the WSA remains,               If the WSA remains, impacts       If the WSA remains or if released by    Impacts would be the same as
authorization of new ROWs,        would be the same as              Congress, new ROWs, leases, and         Alternative C.
leases, and easements and         Alternative A. If released by     easements and renewals and
renewals and amendments           Congress, no impacts are          amendments would not be
would continue to be restricted   anticipated.                      authorized on XX acres.
on XX acres.
See SRMA and ACEC
sections if released by
Congress.


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                                  IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                           Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                       ALTERNATIVE B                         ALTERNATIVE C                         ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
The West Cold Spring WSA        West Cold Spring WSA would          West Cold Spring WSA would be         West Cold Spring WSA would be
will be recommended as          be managed to preserve its          managed to preserve its wilderness    managed to preserve its wilderness
nonsuitable for wilderness      wilderness values according to      values according to the IMP (BLM-     values according to the IMP (BLM-
designation. If Congress does   the IMP (BLM-H-8550-1) and          H-8550-1) and would continue to be    H-8550-1) and would continue to be
not designate the area as       would continue to be managed        managed in that manner until the      managed in that manner until the
wilderness, the Colorado        in that manner until the            Congress either designates it         Congress either designates it
portion of West Cold Spring     Congress either designates it       wilderness or releases it for other   wilderness or releases it for other
would be managed as the Cold    wilderness or releases it for       uses.                                 uses.
Spring and Little Snake River   other uses.
management units (total of                                          If Congress releases West Cold        If Congress releases West Cold
14,482 acres). The Utah         If Congress releases West Cold      Springs from wilderness study, it     Springs from wilderness study, it
portion of the WSA would be     Springs from wilderness study, it   would be managed the same as the      would be managed the same as the
managed under the Brown‘s       would be managed as multiple        adjacent wilderness character area:   adjacent SRMA:
Park Management Framework       use consistent with resource
Plan                            goals and objectives.                                                     Designate as a backcountry SRMA.

                                                                                                          Minerals and Energy:
                                                                    Minerals and Energy:                  Closed to oil and gas operations
                                                                    Closed to oil and gas operations      Locatable - Closed
                                                                    Locatable - Closed                    Other Minerals - Closed
                                                                    Other Minerals - Closed               Coal – Not available for leasing
                                                                    Coal – Not available for leasing
                                                                                                          OHV: Limited to Designated
                                                                    OHV: Limited (apply adaptive
                                                                    criteria)                             VRM: Class I

                                                                    VRM: Class III                        Lands and Realty: ROW –
                                                                                                          exclusion; no wind energy
                                                                    Lands and Realty: ROW –
                                                                    avoidance; accept wind energy
                                                                    applications on case-by-case basis.



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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                                   IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                             Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                         ALTERNATIVE B                       ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
If the WSA remains,               If the WSA remains,               If the WSA remains, new ROWs,          If the WSA remains or if released by
authorization of new ROWs,        authorization of new ROWs,        leases, and easements and              Congress, new ROWs, leases, and
leases, and easements and         leases, and easements and         renewals and amendments would          easements and renewals and
renewals and amendments           renewals and amendments           not be authorized on XX acres. If      amendments would not be
would continue to be restricted   would continue to be restricted   released by Congress, authorized       authorized on XX acres.
on XX acres. If released by       on XX acres. If released by       actions would need to accommodate
Congress, no impacts are          Congress, no impacts are          design and siting requirements and
anticipated.                      anticipated.                      associated costs, which may restrict
                                                                    placement and could possibly limit
                                                                    future access, limit energy supply
                                                                    (by restricting pipelines,
                                                                    transmission lines, and wind & solar
                                                                    projects), and limit communications.
                                                                    Increased potential for requests for
                                                                    new or amended and renewed
                                                                    ROWs at existing sites to be denied.
Four WSAs evaluated under         Ant Hills, Chew Winter Camp,      Ant Hills, Chew Winter Camp,           Ant Hills, Chew Winter Camp,
Section 202 of FLPMA – Ant        Peterson Draw, and Vale of        Peterson Draw, and Vale of Tears       Peterson Draw, and Vale of Tears
Hills, Chew Winter Camp,          Tears WSAs would be managed       WSAs would be managed to               WSAs would be managed to
Peterson Draw, and Vale of        to preserve their wilderness      preserve its wilderness values         preserve its wilderness values
Tears – will be recommended       values according to the IMP       according to the IMP (BLM-H-8550-      according to the IMP (BLM-H-8550-
as nonsuitable for wilderness     (BLM-H-8550-1) and would          1) and would continue to be            1) and would continue to be
designation but would be          continue to be managed in that    managed in that manner until the       managed in that manner until the
recommended to the Secretary      manner until the Congress         Congress either designates it          Congress either designates it
for forwarding to Congress for    either designates them            wilderness or releases it for other    wilderness or releases it for other
the final decision. If Congress   wilderness or releases them for   uses.                                  uses.
does not designate these          other uses.
areas as wilderness, they                                           If Congress releases Ant Hills, Chew   If Congress releases Ant Hills, Chew
would be managed as follows:      If Congress releases Ant Hills,   Winter Camp, Peterson Draw, and        Winter Camp, Peterson Draw, and
1. The northwest corner of        Chew Winter Camp, Peterson        Vale of Tears from wilderness study,   Vale of Tears from wilderness study,
     Ant Hills would be           Draw, and Vale of Tears from      they would be managed the same         they would be managed the same
     managed as the Douglas       wilderness study, it would be     as the adjacent wilderness character   as the adjacent SRMA:
     Mountain Management          managed as multiple use           area:                                  Designate as a backcountry SRMA.
     Unit and the remainder as    consistent with resource goals


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                                                                                                       IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                            Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

      ALTERNATIVE A
                                        ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                       ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
   the Scattered Sands           and objectives.                                               Minerals and Energy:
   Management Unit.                                                                            Closed to oil and gas exploration
2. Chew Winter Camp would                                  Minerals and Energy:                and development
   be managed as the                                                                           Locatable - Closed
                                                           Closed to oil and gas exploration
   Scattered Sands
                                                           and development                     Other Minerals - Closed
   Management Unit.
3. The north third of Peterson                             Locatable - Closed                  Coal – Not available for leasing
   Draw would be managed                                   Other Minerals - Closed
   as the Scattered Sands                                  Coal – Not available for leasing    OHV: Limited to Designated
   Management Unit and the
   remainder as the Douglas                                OHV: Limited (apply adaptive        VRM: Class I
   Mountain Management                                     criteria)
   Unit.
4. Most of the Vale of Tears                                                                   Lands and Realty: ROW –
   would be managed as the                                 VRM: Class II                       exclusion; no wind energy
   Little Snake River
   Management Unit and the                                 Lands and Realty: ROW –
   other portions in the                                   avoidance; no wind energy
   northwest corner would be
   managed as the Douglas
   Mountain and Scattered
   Sands Management Units
   (Little Snake Resource
   Management Plan (1989))
5. The Cross Mountain,
   Diamond Breaks, West
   Cold Spring, Ant Hills,
   Chew Winter Camp,
   Peterson Draw, and Vale
   of Tears Wilderness Study
   Areas will not be leased.
   This is 35,280 acres of
   BLM-administered mineral
   estate within the Little
   Snake RMPPA


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                                   IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                             Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                         ALTERNATIVE B                       ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
If the WSAs remain,               If the WSAs remain,               If the WSA remains, new ROWs,          If the WSA remains or if released by
authorization of new ROWs,        authorization of new ROWs,        leases, and easements and              Congress, new ROWs, leases, and
leases, and easements and         leases, and easements and         renewals and amendments would          easements and renewals and
renewals and amendments           renewals and amendments           not be authorized on XX acres. If      amendments would not be
would continue to be restricted   would continue to be restricted   released by Congress, wind energy      authorized on XX acres.
on XX acres. If released by       on XX acres. If released by       projects would be denied, but other
Congress, no impacts are          Congress, no impacts are          actions may be authorized and
anticipated.                      anticipated.                      would need to accommodate design
                                                                    and siting requirements and
                                                                    associated costs, which may restrict
                                                                    placement and could possibly limit
                                                                    future access, limit energy supply
                                                                    (by restricting pipelines,
                                                                    transmission lines, and wind & solar
                                                                    projects), and limit communications.
                                                                    Increased potential for requests for
                                                                    new or amended and renewed
                                                                    ROWs at existing sites to be denied.
Wild and Scenic Rivers
No similar action.                No similar action.                No similar action.                     The following management actions
                                                                                                           would only apply to the portions of
                                                                                                           the river segments where the river
                                                                                                           corridor is managed by the BLM.

                                                                                                           Manage Beaver Creek Segment 1
                                                                                                           as suitable for inclusion in the
                                                                                                           National Wild and Scenic River
                                                                                                           System with the tentative
                                                                                                           classification of wild.

                                                                                                           Manage to protect the outstandingly
                                                                                                           remarkable values, including fish.
                                                                                                           Specific management prescriptions



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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                     IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                         ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                                             within one-quarter mile of each side
                                                                                             of the river include—
                                                                                                     Close to OHV
                                                                                                     Close to oil and gas leasing.
                                                                                                     Recommend withdrawing
                                                                                                      from mineral entry.
No similar action.           No similar action.        No similar action.                    The following management actions
                                                                                             would only apply to the portions of
                                                                                             the river segments where the river
                                                                                             corridor is managed by the BLM.

                                                                                             Manage Vermillion Creek Segment
                                                                                             1 as suitable for inclusion in the
                                                                                             National Wild and Scenic River
                                                                                             System with the tentative
                                                                                             classification of scenic.

                                                                                             Manage to protect the outstandingly
                                                                                             remarkable values, including cultural
                                                                                             and geology. Specific management
                                                                                             prescriptions within one-quarter mile
                                                                                             of each side of the river include—
                                                                                                     Close to OHV
                                                                                                     Close to oil and gas leasing.
                                                                                                     Recommend withdrawing
                                                                                                      from mineral entry.
No similar action.           No similar action.        The following management actions      The following management actions
                                                       would only apply to the portions of   would only apply to the portions of
                                                       the river segments where the river    the river segments where the river
                                                       corridor is managed by the BLM.       corridor is managed by the BLM.

                                                       Manage Segment 1 of the Yampa         Manage Segment 1 of the Yampa
                                                       River (2.8 miles from River Mile      River (2.8 miles from River Mile


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                   59
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                        IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                            ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                       #126 to Milk Creek area) as suitable     #126 to Milk Creek area) as suitable
                                                       for inclusion in the National Wild and   for inclusion in the National Wild and
                                                       Scenic River System with the             Scenic River System with the
                                                       tentative classification of              tentative classification of
                                                       recreational.                            recreational.

                                                       Manage to protect the outstandingly      Manage to protect the outstandingly
                                                       remarkable values, including             remarkable values, including
                                                       recreation and fish. Specific            recreation and fish. Specific
                                                       management prescriptions within          management prescriptions within
                                                       one-quarter mile of each side of the     one-quarter mile of each side of the
                                                       river include—                           river include—
                                                               Close to OHV                           Close to OHV
                                                               Close to oil and gas leasing.          Close to oil and gas leasing.
                                                               Recommend withdrawing                  Recommend withdrawing
                                                                from mineral entry.                     from mineral entry.
                                                       For sites within the segment where              For sites within the segment
                                                       habitat loss is a risk, remedial                 where habitat loss is a risk,
                                                       actions would be implemented to                  remedial actions would be
                                                       ensure that the suitability of the               implemented to ensure that
                                                       spawning habitat is maintained, or               the suitability of the
                                                       enhanced.                                        spawning habitat is
                                                                                                        maintained, or enhanced.

No similar action.           No similar action.        The following management actions         The following management actions
                                                       would only apply to the portions of      would only apply to the portions of
                                                       the river segments where the river       the river segments where the river
                                                       corridor is managed by the BLM.          corridor is managed by the BLM.

                                                       Manage Segment 2 of the Yampa            Manage Segment 2 of the Yampa
                                                       River (13.9 miles from Milk Creek to     River (13.9 miles from Milk Creek to
                                                       Duffy Tunnel) as suitable for            Duffy Tunnel) as suitable for
                                                       inclusion in the National Wild and       inclusion in the National Wild and


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                       IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B                ALTERNATIVE C                           ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                       Scenic River System with the            Scenic River System with the
                                                       tentative classification of scenic.     tentative classification of scenic.

                                                       Manage to protect the outstandingly     Manage to protect the outstandingly
                                                       remarkable values, including            remarkable values, including
                                                       recreation and fish. Specific           recreation and fish. Specific
                                                       management prescriptions within         management prescriptions within
                                                       one-quarter mile of each side of the    one-quarter mile of each side of the
                                                       river include—                          river include—
                                                              Close to OHV                            Close to OHV
                                                              Close to oil and gas leasing.           Close to oil and gas leasing.
                                                              Recommend withdrawing                   Recommend withdrawing
                                                               from mineral entry.                      from mineral entry.
                                                              For sites within the segment         For sites within the segment
                                                               where habitat loss is a risk,            where habitat loss is a risk,
                                                               remedial actions would be                remedial actions would be
                                                               implemented to ensure that               implemented to ensure that
                                                               the suitability of the                   the suitability of the
                                                               spawning habitat is                      spawning habitat is
                                                               maintained, or enhanced.                 maintained, or enhanced.
                                                                                                    Close to livestock grazing
                                                                                                        during the months of June
                                                                                                        and July.
No similar action.           No similar action.        The following management actions        The following management actions
                                                       would only apply to the portions of     would only apply to the portions of
                                                       the river segments where the river      the river segments where the river
                                                       corridor is managed by the BLM.         corridor is managed by the BLM.

                                                       Manage Segment 3 of the Yampa           Manage Segment 3 of the Yampa
                                                       River (3.3 miles through Cross          River (3.3 miles through Cross
                                                       Mountain Canyon) as suitable for        Mountain Canyon) as suitable for
                                                       inclusion in the National Wild and      inclusion in the National Wild and
                                                       Scenic River System with the            Scenic River System with the



LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                     61
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                            IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                           Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B                   ALTERNATIVE C                            ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                          tentative classification of wild.        tentative classification of wild.

                                                          Manage to protect the outstandingly      Manage to protect the outstandingly
                                                          remarkable values, including scenic,     remarkable values, including scenic,
                                                          recreation, geologic, and fish.          recreation, geologic, and fish.
                                                          Specific management prescriptions        Specific management prescriptions
                                                          within one-quarter mile of each side     within one-quarter mile of each side
                                                          of the river include—                    of the river include—
                                                                  Close to OHV                            Close to OHV
                                                                  Close to oil and gas leasing.           Close to oil and gas leasing.
                                                                  Recommend withdrawing                   Recommend withdrawing
                                                                   from mineral entry.                      from mineral entry.
No impacts anticipated.      No impacts anticipated.      Could impose design and siting           Could impose design and siting
                                                          requirements and increase                requirements and increase
                                                          construction costs to accommodate        construction costs to accommodate
                                                          mitigation requirements on new           mitigation requirements on new
                                                          ROWs, or amended or renewed              ROWs, or amended or renewed
                                                          ROWs at existing sites along             ROWs at existing sites along
                                                          suitable segments of the Yampa.          suitable segments of Vermillion
                                                          May restrict placement and could         Creek, Beaver Creek, and the
                                                          possibly limit some lands and realty     Yampa.
                                                          actions or access to facilities.         May restrict placement and could
                                                          Could also require utility corridors     possibly limit some lands and realty
                                                          and communication sites to be            actions or access to facilities.
                                                          installed in less desirable locations    Could also require utility corridors
                                                          or areas with more restrictions on       and communication sites to be
                                                          accessibility or construction.           installed in less desirable locations
                                                                                                   or areas with more restrictions on
                                                                                                   accessibility or construction.
Lands With Wilderness Character Outside Existing WSAs
Vermillion Basin
Minerals and Energy:         Objectives:                  Zone 1 (Northern Zone of High and        Objective: provide quality primitive



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                                              Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

       ALTERNATIVE A
                                          ALTERNATIVE B                         ALTERNATIVE C                            ALTERNATIVE D
 (NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
Open to new oil and gas            Allow for oil and gas leasing,      Medium potential):                       recreational experiences in largely
leasing                            exploration, and development by                                              natural settings
Locatable - Open                   utilizing state of the art          Objectives:
Other Minerals - Open              technology, while protecting                                                 Designate as a backcountry SRMA.
                                                                       Allow for oil and gas leasing,
                                   natural values.
Coal – Not available for leasing                                       exploration, and development by
                                   Manage for minimal surface          utilizing state of the art technology,   Minerals and Energy:
                                   disturbance by focusing             while protecting natural values.
OHV: Open, some Limited to         development near existing trails,                                            Closed to new oil and gas leasing
Existing                                                               Manage for minimal surface               Locatable - Closed
                                   ROWs, canyons and washes
                                                                       disturbance by focusing
                                   and clustering wells where                                                   Other Minerals - Closed
                                                                       development near existing trails,
VRM: Not applicable                feasible.                                                                    Coal – Not available for leasing
                                                                       ROWs, canyons and washes and
                                   Manage to minimize visual           clustering wells where feasible.
Lands and Realty: Considered       intrusions, Lookout Mountain as                                              OHV: Closed
                                                                       Manage to minimize visual
on a case-by-case basis.           observation point
                                                                       intrusions, Lookout Mountain as
                                   Control infrastructure by           observation point
                                   requiring pre-planning, including                                            VRM: Class II
                                                                       Control infrastructure by requiring
                                   transportation planning.
                                                                       pre-planning, including                  Lands and Realty: Exclusion area
                                   Lease in larger leases (4 section   transportation planning.
                                   blocks) in order to facilitate
                                                                       Lease in larger leases (4 section
                                   seismic exploration and allow
                                                                       blocks) in order to facilitate seismic
                                   operators to drill fewer wells
                                                                       exploration and allow operators to
                                                                       drill fewer wells
                                                                       Long term goal for Vermillion Basin
                                   Minerals and Energy:                is to manage the area so that any
                                   Open to new oil and gas leasing     disturbance caused by permitted
                                   with a Controlled Surface Use       actions will eventually be returned to
                                   stipulation. Stipulation language   the state prior to development.
                                   would reference Objectives
                                   above.                              Minerals and Energy:
                                   Locatable – Closed                  Open to new oil and gas leasing with
                                   Other Minerals - Closed             a Controlled Surface Use stipulation.
                                   Coal – Not available for leasing    Stipulation language would
                                                                       reference Objectives above.


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                                         Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B                          ALTERNATIVE C                  ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                             OHV: Limited to Designated           Locatable – Closed
                             Routes                               Other Minerals - Closed
                                                                  Coal – Not available for leasing
                             VRM: Class III, Class II for
                             Vermillion Bluffs area               OHV: Limited to Designated Routes

                             Lands and Realty: Case-by-           VRM: Class III, Class II for
                             case basis, avoidance for            Vermillion Bluffs area
                             Vermillion Bluffs and fragile soil
                             areas
                                                                  Lands and Realty: Case-by-case
                                                                  basis, avoidance for Vermillion
                                                                  Bluffs and fragile soil areas?



                                                                  Zone 2: (Southwest area of Low and
                                                                  No Known potential)
                                                                  Objectives: Manage to protect
                                                                  naturalness, opportunities for semi-
                                                                  primitive recreation, and solitude.

                                                                  Minerals and Energy:
                                                                  Closed to new oil and gas leasing
                                                                  Locatable – Closed
                                                                  Other Minerals - Closed
                                                                  Coal – Closed

                                                                  OHV:
                                                                  The portion of Vermillion Basin
                                                                  south and east of Ted‘s Draw will be
                                                                  Limited to Designated Routes
                                                                  The remaining portion of Zone 2 will


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                                         Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B                          ALTERNATIVE C                         ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                 be Closed to OHVs.

                                                                 VRM: II

                                                                 Lands and Realty:
                                                                 ROW Avoidance - the portion of
                                                                 Vermillion Basin south and east of
                                                                 Ted‘s Draw

                                                                 ROW Exclusion – remaining portion
                                                                 of Zone 2
No impacts anticipated.      New ROWs, leases, and               Impacts would be the same as            New ROWs, leases, and easements
                             easements and renewals and          Alternative B In Zone 1. In the         and renewals and amendments
                             amendments would not be             portion of Vermillion Basin south and   would not be authorized in
                             authorized on the Vermillion        east of Ted‘s Draw in Zone 2,           Vermillion Basin (XX acres).
                             Bluffs and fragile soil areas (XX   actions may be authorized and
                             acres).                             would need to accommodate design
                                                                 and siting requirements and
                                                                 associated costs, which may restrict
                                                                 placement and could possibly limit
                                                                 future access, limit energy supply
                                                                 (by restricting pipelines,
                                                                 transmission lines, and wind & solar
                                                                 projects), and limit communications.
                                                                 Increased potential for requests for
                                                                 new or amended and renewed
                                                                 ROWs at existing sites to be denied.
                                                                 New ROWs, leases, and easements
                                                                 and renewals and amendments
                                                                 would not be authorized on the
                                                                 remaining portion of Zone 2 (XX
                                                                 acres).
Dinosaur North


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                                              Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                          ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
Multiple use outside existing      Same as Alternative A.    WHEN CALCULATING AREA,                 WHEN CALCULATING AREA,
WSAs                                                         MAKE SURE TO INCLUDE WILD              MAKE SURE TO INCLUDE WILD
                                                             MOUNTAIN.                              MOUNTAIN.
Minerals and Energy:
Open                                                         Objective: Manage to protect           Objective: Provide quality primitive
Locatable - Open                                             naturalness, opportunities for semi-   recreational experiences in largely
                                                             primitive recreation, and solitude.    natural settings.
Other Minerals - Open
Coal – Not available for leasing
                                                             No designation with the following      Designate as a backcountry SRMA.
                                                             prescriptions:
OHV: Open
                                                                                                    Minerals and Energy:
                                                             Minerals and Energy:                   Closed to oil and gas operations
VRM: Not applicable
                                                             Closed to oil and gas operations       Locatable - Closed
                                                             Locatable - Closed                     Other Minerals - Closed
Lands and Realty: No
                                                             Other Minerals - Closed                Coal – Not available for leasing
restrictions, case-by-case
basis                                                        Coal – Not available for leasing
                                                                                                    OHV: Closed
                                                             OHV: Limited to Designated Routes
                                                                                                    VRM: Class II
                                                             VRM: Class II
                                                                                                    Lands and Realty: ROW –
                                                             Lands and Realty: ROW –                exclusion; no wind energy
                                                             avoidance; no wind energy

No impacts anticipated.            No impacts anticipated.   Wind energy projects would be          New ROWs, leases, and easements
                                                             denied, but other actions may be       and renewals and amendments
                                                             authorized and would need to           would not be authorized on XX
                                                             accommodate design and siting          acres.
                                                             requirements and associated costs,
                                                             which may restrict placement and
                                                             could possibly limit future access,



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                                              Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                          ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                             limit energy supply (by restricting
                                                             pipelines, transmission lines, and
                                                             wind & solar projects), and limit
                                                             communications. Increased potential
                                                             for requests for new or amended
                                                             and renewed ROWs at existing sites
                                                             to be denied.
Cold Springs Mountain
Multiple use outside existing      Same as Alternative A.    Objective: Manage to protect           Objective: Provide quality primitive
WSAs                                                         naturalness, opportunities for semi-   recreational experiences in largely
                                                             primitive recreation, and solitude.    natural settings
Minerals and Energy:
Open                                                         No designation with the following      Designate as a backcountry SRMA.
Locatable - Open                                             prescriptions:
Other Minerals - Open                                                                               Minerals and Energy:
Coal – Not available for leasing                             Minerals and Energy:                   Closed to oil and gas operations
                                                             Closed to oil and gas operations       Locatable - Closed
OHV: Majority Limited to                                     Locatable - Closed                     Other Minerals - Closed
Existing, remainder is Open                                  Other Minerals - Closed                Coal - Not available for leasing
                                                             Coal – Not available for leasing
VRM: Not applicable                                                                                 OHV: Closed
                                                             OHV: Limited to designated routes
Lands and Realty: No                                                                                VRM: Class II
restrictions, case-by-case                                   VRM: Class III
basis                                                                                               Lands and Realty: ROW –
                                                             Lands and Realty: ROW –                exclusion; no wind energy
                                                             avoidance; accept wind energy
                                                             applications on case-by-case basis.
No impacts anticipated.            No impacts anticipated.   Wind energy and authorized actions     New wind energy projects, ROWs,
                                                             would need to accommodate design       leases, and easements and
                                                             and siting requirements and            renewals and amendments would



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                                           Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                       ALTERNATIVE B                    ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                               associated costs, which may restrict   not be authorized on XX acres.
                                                               placement and could possibly limit
                                                               future access, limit energy supply
                                                               (by restricting pipelines,
                                                               transmission lines, and wind & solar
                                                               projects), and limit communications.
                                                               Increased potential for requests for
                                                               new or amended and renewed
                                                               ROWs at existing sites to be denied.
Lands with Backcountry Characteristics outside existing WSAs
No Similar Action               No similar action              No similar action                      Cross Mountain Area
                                                                                                      XX acres adjacent to Cross
                                                                                                      Mountain WSA. See Map X.

                                                                                                      Objective: Provide backcountry
                                                                                                      recreation experience in
                                                                                                      predominantly natural settings

                                                                                                      Minerals and Energy:
                                                                                                      Closed to oil and gas operations
                                                                                                      Locatable - Closed
                                                                                                      Other Minerals - Closed
                                                                                                      Coal – Not available for leasing

                                                                                                      OHV: Closed

                                                                                                      VRM: Class II

                                                                                                      Lands and Realty: ROW –
                                                                                                      exclusion.
No similar action               No similar action              No similar action                      Diamond Breaks Area


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                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C            ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                                XX acres adjacent to Diamond
                                                                                Breaks WSA. See Map X.

                                                                                Objective: Provide backcountry
                                                                                recreation experience in
                                                                                predominantly natural settings

                                                                                Minerals and Energy:
                                                                                Closed to oil and gas operations
                                                                                Locatable - Closed
                                                                                Other Minerals - Closed
                                                                                Coal - Not available for leasing

                                                                                OHV: Closed

                                                                                VRM: Class II

                                                                                Lands and Realty: ROW –
                                                                                exclusion.

No similar action            No similar action         No similar action        Pinyon Ridge Area
                                                                                XX acres. See Map X.

                                                                                Objective: Provide backcountry
                                                                                recreation experience in
                                                                                predominantly natural settings

                                                                                Minerals and Energy:
                                                                                Closed to oil and gas operations
                                                                                Locatable - Closed



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                                             Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                        ALTERNATIVE B                     ALTERNATIVE C                      ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                                                    Other Minerals - Closed
                                                                                                    Coal - Not available for leasing

                                                                                                    OHV: Closed

                                                                                                    VRM: Class II
                                                                                                    Lands and Realty: ROW –
                                                                                                    exclusion.
No impacts anticipated.          No impacts anticipated.         No impacts anticipated.            New ROWs, leases, and easements
                                                                                                    and renewals and amendments
                                                                                                    would not be authorized on XX
                                                                                                    acres.
                                                 VISUAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (VRM)
VRM Class I
WSAs (manage in accordance        Same as Alternative A          Same as Alternative A              In addition to WSAs, Cross
with IM)                                                                                            Mountain Canyon ACEC

Could prohibit the location of    Impacts would be the same as   Impacts would be the same as       Could prohibit the location of new
new ROWs and impose               Alternative A.                 Alternative A.                     ROWs and impose greater design
greater design and siting                                                                           and siting requirements and
requirements and associated                                                                         associated costs on amended or
costs on amended or renewed                                                                         renewed ROWs at existing sites (XX
ROWs at existing sites (XX                                                                          acres).
acres).
VRM Class II
No similar action                Vermillion Bluffs                  Suitable WSR corridors             Suitable WSR corridors
                                                                    Limestone Ridge area               Limestone Ridge ACEC
                                                                    Irish Canyon ACEC                  Irish Canyon ACEC
                                                                    Zone 2 and Vermillion Bluffs       Lookout Mountain ACEC
                                                                     areas of Vermillion Basin          Vermillion Basin SRMA
                                                                    Dinosaur North wilderness          Dinosaur North SRMA


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                                            Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                        ALTERNATIVE B                    ALTERNATIVE C                            ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                    character area                          Cold Springs Mountain SRMA
                                                                                                            Cross Mountain area outside
                                                                                                              WSA
                                                                                                            Diamond Breaks area outside
                                                                                                              WSA
                                                                                                            Pinyon Ridge area
No impacts anticipated.          Would impose greater design    Would impose greater design and          Would impose greater design and
                                 and siting requirements and    siting requirements and associated       siting requirements and associated
                                 associated costs on new ROWs   costs on new ROWs and amended            costs on new ROWs and amended
                                 and amended or renewed         or renewed ROWs at existing sites        or renewed ROWs at existing sites
                                 ROWs at existing sites (XX     (XX acres).                              (XX acres).
                                 acres).
                                                       ENERGY AND MINERALS
Timing Limitations Stipulations
A. No helicopter or motor       No similar action.              Consider seasonal closures in wild       The wild horse herd management
   vehicle use allowed in the                                   horse foaling areas on an as needed      area would be closed to motor
   wild horse herd                                              basis for all activities based on site   vehicle use and all permitted
   management area during                                       specific transportation planning         activities during the wild horse
   foaling season (March 2 to                                   results, consistency with other          foaling period (March 2 to June 30).
   June 30). No exceptions.                                     resource restrictions, and resource
                                                                conflicts.
B. No drilling or development    No similar action.              Consider seasonal closures around       Same as Alternative A.
   operations permitted within                                  wild horse water sources on an as
   1-mile radius from March 1                                   needed basis for all activities based
   to December 1 from Wild                                      on consistency with other resource
   Horse Spring,                                                restrictions and resource conflicts.
   Sheepherder Spring,
   Coffee Pot Spring, Two
   Bar Spring, and Dugout
   Draw Spring. Exceptions
   would include provision, by
   the operator, of an
   alternate dependable


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                                                Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

        ALTERNATIVE A
                                            ALTERNATIVE B                 ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
 (NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
     water source at a suitable
     location outside the mile
     radius of the spring prior to
     authorized activity.
Would limit access and could         No impacts anticipated.     Could limit access and could delay     Impacts would be the same as
delay project construction of                                    project construction of new ROWs       Alternative A.
new ROWs and maintenance                                         and maintenance activity on existing
activity on existing ROWs                                        ROWs seasonally on X acres if
seasonally on X acres (Need                                      implemented (Need to acres overlap
to acres overlap by                                              by month/season).
month/season).
                                                               RECREATION
Special Recreation Management Areas
Little Yampa/Juniper Canyon
Zone: Zone 1: Yampa River            No similar action.          Zone: Zone 1: Yampa River              Zone: Zone 1: Yampa River
Corridor                                                         Corridor                               Corridor
Market: Community                                                Market: Community                      Market: Community
Objective:                                                       Objective:                             Objective:
  Activities: Non-motorized                                        Activities: Non-motorized boating,      Activities: Non-motorized boating,
boating, motorized boating,                                      motorized boating, camping             limited motorized boating, camping
camping                                                            Experiences: Enjoying canyon            Experiences: Enjoying canyon
  Experiences: Savoring                                          and river aesthetics; testing your     and river aesthetics; feeling good
canyon and river aesthetics;                                     endurance; enjoying risk-taking        about solitude and being isolated
testing your endurance;                                          adventure                              from other people and services;
enjoying risk-taking adventure                                     Benefits: Improved skills for        testing your endurance; enjoying
  Benefits: Improved skills for                                  outdoor enjoyment with others;         risk-taking adventure
outdoor enjoyment with others;                                   heightened sense of satisfaction          Benefits: Improved skills for
heightened sense of                                              with our community; greater sense      outdoor enjoyment with others;
satisfaction with our                                            of adventure                           heightened sense of satisfaction
community; greater sense of                                      Prescribed setting character           with our community; greater sense
adventure                                                          Physical: Middle Country east of     of adventure; closer relationship with
Prescribed setting character                                     Milk Creek, Back Country west of       the natural world; conservation of
                                                                                                        entire ecosystems in natural state.


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                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

        ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B              ALTERNATIVE C                             ALTERNATIVE D
 (NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
  Physical: Middle Country                           Milk Creek.                                Prescribed setting character
east of Milk Creek, Back                               Social: Middle Country east of             Physical: Middle Country east of
Country west of Milk Creek.                          Milk Creek, Back Country west of           Milk Creek, Back Country west of
  Social: Middle Country east                        Milk Creek.                                Milk Creek.
of Milk Creek, Back Country                            Administrative: Back country               Social: Back country
west of Milk Creek.                                  Activity Planning Framework                  Administrative: Primitive
  Administrative: Back country                         Management: Modify roads and             Activity Planning Framework
Activity Planning Framework                          trails as needed to mitigate impacts         Management: Close and restore
  Management: Access will be                           Marketing: Involve Colorado State        roads that have no administrative
negotiated for parking areas at                      Parks in developing interpretation,        benefit. Restrict motorized access
put-in and take-out points.                          education, and public outreach.            to the river.
Other facilities will be                               Monitoring: In conjunction with            Marketing: Involve Colorado State
constructed as needed for                            State Parks, monitor motorized river       Parks in developing interpretation,
public sanitation and safety.                        boating to gauge if management             education, and public outreach.
  Marketing: A map/brochure                          actions and resulting use is                 Monitoring: Monitor motorized river
will be developed to promote                         producing targeted recreation              boating to gauge if management
visitor health and safety,                           opportunities and facilitating their       actions and resulting use is
provide resource protection,                         attainment as outcomes. Monitor            producing targeted recreation
and inform the public of                             camp site conditions and use.              opportunities and facilitating their
available opportunities.                             Administration:                            attainment as outcomes. Monitor
Involve Colorado State Parks                               Minerals and Energy:                camp site conditions and use.
in developing interpretation,                                                                     Administration:
education, and public                                               No Surface Occupancy
outreach.                                                           for oil and gas                   Minerals and Energy:
                                                                    exploration and                           Closed to oil and gas
  Monitoring: Monitor                                               development
motorized river boating to                                                                                    exploration and
gauge if management actions                                         Locatable - Open                          development
and resulting use is producing                                      Other Minerals - Open                     Locatable - Closed
targeted recreation                                                 Coal - Open                               Other Minerals - Closed
opportunities and facilitating                             OHV: Limited to Designated                        Coal - Closed
their attainment as outcomes.                                  Routes                                 OHV: XX acres Closed; XX
Monitor camp site conditions                               VRM: Class II from river                      acres Limited to Designated
and use.                                                       bottom to ridgeline; Class III             Routes. (To be calculated
                                                               in all other areas


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                                           Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

      ALTERNATIVE A
                                       ALTERNATIVE B                ALTERNATIVE C                             ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
Administration:                                                  Lands and Realty:                         when GIS is completed)
     Minerals and Energy:                                        Determined on a case-by-                 VRM: Class II from river
            No Surface                                            case basis consistent with                bottom to ridgeline; Class III
            Occupancy for oil                                     SRMA objectives.                          in all other areas.
            and gas                                                                                        Lands and Realty:
            exploration and                                                                                 Determined on a case-by-
            development                                                                                     case basis consistent with
                                                                                                            SRMA objectives.
            Locatable - Open
            Other Minerals -
            Open
            Coal - Open
     OHV: Limited to
       Designated Routes
 A. VRM: Not determined
No impacts anticipated.         No impacts anticipated.   Could impose design and siting            Could impose design and siting
                                                          requirements and associated costs,        requirements and associated costs,
                                                          which may restrict placement and          which may restrict placement and
                                                          could possibly limit future access,       could possibly limit future access,
                                                          limit energy supply (by restricting       limit energy supply (by restricting
                                                          pipelines, transmission lines, and        pipelines, transmission lines, and
                                                          wind & solar projects), and limit         wind & solar projects), and limit
                                                          communications.                           communications.
Zone 2: No similar action.      No similar action.        Zone: Zone 2: North of CR 17              Zone: Zone 2: North of CR 17
This area was not included in                             Market: Destination                       Market: Destination
the SRMA.                                                 Objective:                                Objective:
                                                            Activities: Predominantly                 Activities: Predominantly non-
                                                          motorized big game hunting and            motorized big game hunting and
                                                          some non-motorized hunting,               some motorized hunting, camping,
                                                          camping, wildlife watching                wildlife watching
                                                            Experiences: Developing your              Experiences: Developing your
                                                          skills and abilities; gaining a greater   skills and abilities; gaining a greater
                                                          sense of achievement;                     sense of achievement; enjoying
                                                                                                    getting some physical exercise;


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                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B             ALTERNATIVE C                           ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                       Benefits: Greater self-reliance       feeling good about solitude and
                                                     gained from hunting; improved           being isolated from other people and
                                                     outdoor knowledge and self-             services
                                                     confidence; positive contributions to     Benefits: Greater self-reliance
                                                     local and regional economic stability   gained from hunting; improved
                                                     Prescribed setting character            outdoor knowledge and self-
                                                       Physical: Middle country              confidence; positive contributions to
                                                       Social: Middle country                local and regional economic stability;
                                                                                             closer relationship with the natural
                                                       Administrative: Middle country
                                                                                             world; conservation of entire
                                                     Activity Planning Framework             ecosystems in natural state.
                                                       Management: Provide camping           Prescribed setting character
                                                     facilities and improved roads to
                                                                                               Physical: Back country
                                                     these facilities in high impact areas
                                                     related to hunting season uses.           Social: Back country
                                                       Marketing: In partnership with          Administrative: Back country
                                                     Division of Wildlife and local          Activity Planning Framework
                                                     Chambers of Commerce, increase            Management: Provide camping
                                                     education and interpretation during     facilities in high impact areas related
                                                     hunting season to reduce resource       to hunting season uses.
                                                     impacts and conflicts.                    Marketing: In partnership with
                                                       Monitoring: Monitor user              Division of Wildlife and local
                                                     experience and satisfaction, camp       Chambers of Commerce, increase
                                                     site conditions and use.                education and interpretation during
                                                       Administration:                       hunting season to reduce resource
                                                           Minerals and Energy:             impacts and conflicts.
                                                                   No Surface Occupancy        Monitoring: Monitor user
                                                                   for oil and gas           experience and satisfaction, camp
                                                                   exploration and           site conditions and use. Monitor to
                                                                   development               ensure compliance of the motor
                                                                                             vehicle closures.
                                                                   Locatable - Open
                                                                                               Administration:
                                                                   Other Minerals - Open
                                                                                                   Minerals and Energy:
                                                                   Coal - Open
                                                                                                            Closed to oil and gas


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                                           Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                       ALTERNATIVE B                   ALTERNATIVE C                            ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                     OHV: Limited to Designated                    exploration and
                                                                      Routes                                        development
                                                                     VRM: Class II from river                      Locatable - Closed
                                                                      bottom to ridgeline; Class III                Other Minerals - Closed
                                                                      in all other areas                            Coal - Closed
                                                                     Lands and Realty:
                                                                      Determined on a case-by-                OHV: Limited to Designated
                                                                      case basis consistent with               Routes.
                                                                      SRMA objectives.                        VRM: Class II from river
                                                                                                               bottom to ridgeline; Class III
                                                                                                               in all other areas.
                                                                                                              Lands and Realty:
                                                                                                               Determined on a case-by-
                                                                                                               case basis consistent with
                                                                                                               SRMA objectives.




No impacts anticipated.         No impacts anticipated.       Could impose design and siting           Could impose design and siting
                                                              requirements and associated costs,       requirements and associated costs,
                                                              which may restrict placement and         which may restrict placement and
                                                              could possibly limit future access,      could possibly limit future access,
                                                              limit energy supply (by restricting      limit energy supply (by restricting
                                                              pipelines, transmission lines, and       pipelines, transmission lines, and
                                                              wind & solar projects), and limit        wind & solar projects), and limit
                                                              communications.                          communications.
Juniper Mountain
Juniper Mountain is currently   Juniper Mountain will be      The Juniper Canyon portion of the        The Juniper Canyon portion of the
managed within the Little       managed as an ERMA. See the   existing Little Yampa/Juniper            existing Little Yampa/Juniper
Yampa /Juniper Canyon           ERMA objectives below.        Canyon SRMA will be administered         Canyon SRMA will be administered
SRMA. See Little Yampa                                        as the Juniper Mountain SRMA.            as the Juniper Mountain SRMA.
Canyon SRMA.
                                                              Zone: Zone 1: Yampa River                Zone: Zone 1: Yampa River


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                                                                                                     IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B             ALTERNATIVE C                           ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                     Corridor                                Corridor
                                                     Market: Community                       Market: Community
                                                     Objective:                              Objective:
                                                       Activities: Day use motorized and        Activities: Day use non-motorized
                                                     non-motorized boating                   boating and limited motorized
                                                       Experiences: Enjoying canyon          boating
                                                     and river aesthetics; testing your         Experiences: Enjoying canyon
                                                     endurance; enjoying risk-taking         and river aesthetics; feeling good
                                                     adventure.                              about solitude and being isolated
                                                       Benefits: Improved skills for         from other people and services;
                                                     outdoor enjoyment with others;          testing your endurance; enjoying
                                                     heightened sense of satisfaction        risk-taking adventure.
                                                     with our community; greater sense          Benefits: Improved skills for
                                                     of adventure.                           outdoor enjoyment with others;
                                                     Prescribed setting character            heightened sense of satisfaction
                                                       Physical: Middle country              with our community; greater sense
                                                                                             of adventure; closer relationship with
                                                       Social: Middle country
                                                                                             the natural world.
                                                       Administrative: Middle country
                                                                                             Prescribed setting character
                                                     Activity Planning Framework
                                                                                                Physical: Middle country
                                                       Management: Modify roads and
                                                                                                Social: Back country
                                                     trails as needed to mitigate impacts.
                                                                                                Administrative: Back country
                                                       Marketing: Involve Colorado State
                                                     Parks in developing interpretation,     Activity Planning Framework
                                                     education, and public outreach.            Management: Close and restore
                                                       Monitoring: In conjunction with       roads that have no administrative
                                                     State Parks, monitor motorized river    benefit.
                                                     boating to gauge if the use is             Marketing: Involve Colorado State
                                                     changing the desired recreation         Parks in developing interpretation,
                                                     experience.                             education, and public outreach.
                                                       Administration:                          Monitoring: Monitor user
                                                           Minerals and Energy:             experience and satisfaction.
                                                                   No Surface Occupancy         Administration:



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                                                                                                         IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B                ALTERNATIVE C                             ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                    for oil and gas                     Minerals and Energy:
                                                                    exploration and                           Closed to oil and gas
                                                                    development                               exploration and
                                                                    Locatable - Open                          development
                                                                    Other Minerals - Open                     Locatable - Closed
                                                                    Coal - Open                               Other Minerals - Closed
                                                              OHV: Limited to Designated                     Coal - Closed
                                                               Routes                                   OHV: Limited to Designated
                                                              VRM: Class II from river                  Routes.
                                                               bottom to ridgeline; Class III           VRM: Class II from river
                                                               in all other areas                        bottom to ridgeline; Class III
                                                              Lands and Realty:                         in all other areas.
                                                               Determined on a case-by-                 Lands and Realty:
                                                               case basis consistent with                Determined on a case-by-
                                                               SRMA objectives.                          case basis consistent with
                                                                                                         SRMA objectives.

No impacts anticipated.      No impacts anticipated.   Could impose design and siting            Could impose design and siting
                                                       requirements and associated costs,        requirements and associated costs,
                                                       which may restrict placement and          which may restrict placement and
                                                       could possibly limit future access,       could possibly limit future access,
                                                       limit energy supply (by restricting       limit energy supply (by restricting
                                                       pipelines, transmission lines, and        pipelines, transmission lines, and
                                                       wind & solar projects), and limit         wind & solar projects), and limit
                                                       communications.                           communications.
No similar action            No similar action         Zone: Zone 2: Outside river corridor      Zone: Zone 2: Outside river corridor
                                                       Market: Destination                       Market: Destination
                                                       Objective:                                Objective:
                                                         Activities: Hunting, camping              Activities: Hunting, camping
                                                         Experiences: Developing your              Experiences: Developing your
                                                       skills and abilities; gaining a greater   skills and abilities; gaining a greater
                                                       sense of achievement;                     sense of achievement;


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                      78
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                                                                                                       IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B              ALTERNATIVE C                             ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                       Benefits: Greater self-reliance           Benefits: Greater self-reliance
                                                     gained from hunting; improved             gained from hunting; improved
                                                     outdoor knowledge and self-               outdoor knowledge and self-
                                                     confidence; positive contributions to     confidence; positive contributions to
                                                     local and regional economic stability     local and regional economic stability
                                                     Prescribed setting character              Prescribed setting character
                                                       Physical: Middle Country                  Physical: Middle country
                                                       Social: Middle Country                    Social: Middle country
                                                       Administrative: Middle Country            Administrative: Middle country
                                                     Activity Planning Framework               Activity Planning Framework
                                                       Management: Provide camping               Management: Provide camping
                                                     facilities in high impact areas related   facilities in high impact areas related
                                                     to hunting season uses. Develop a         to hunting season uses. Develop a
                                                     managed and maintained motorized          managed and maintained non-
                                                     trail system within the area during       motorized trail system within the
                                                     hunting season.                           area during hunting season.
                                                       Marketing: Work with chambers of          Marketing: Work with chambers of
                                                     commerce, adjacent land owners,           commerce, adjacent land owners,
                                                     and permitted outfitters to provide       and permitted outfitters to provide
                                                     access and hunting experiences.           access and hunting experiences.
                                                       Monitoring: Monitor camp site             Monitoring: Monitor camp site
                                                     conditions and use as well as user        conditions and use, user experience
                                                     experience and satisfaction.              and satisfaction. Monitor to ensure
                                                       Administration:                         compliance of the motor vehicle
                                                            Minerals and Energy:              closures.
                                                                    No Surface Occupancy         Administration:
                                                                    for oil and gas                  Minerals and Energy:
                                                                    exploration and                           Closed to oil and gas
                                                                    development                               exploration and
                                                                    Locatable - Open                          development
                                                                    Other Minerals - Open                     Locatable - Closed
                                                                    Coal - Open                               Other Minerals - Closed



LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                    79
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                        IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                            ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                              OHV: Limited to Designated                    Coal - Closed
                                                               Routes                                  OHV: Limited to Designated
                                                              VRM: Class II from river                 Routes.
                                                               bottom to ridgeline; Class III        VRM: Class II from river
                                                               in all other areas                       bottom to ridgeline; Class III
                                                              Lands and Realty:                        in all other areas.
                                                               Determined on a case-by-            Lands and Realty: Determined
                                                               case basis consistent with           on a case-by-case basis
                                                               SRMA objectives.                     consistent with SRMA
                                                                                                    objectives.
No impacts anticipated.      No impacts anticipated.   Could impose design and siting           Could impose design and siting
                                                       requirements and associated costs,       requirements and associated costs,
                                                       which may restrict placement and         which may restrict placement and
                                                       could possibly limit future access,      could possibly limit future access,
                                                       limit energy supply (by restricting      limit energy supply (by restricting
                                                       pipelines, transmission lines, and       pipelines, transmission lines, and
                                                       wind & solar projects), and limit        wind & solar projects), and limit
                                                       communications.                          communications.
Cedar Mountain
B. No similar action         No similar action         Zone: Zone 1: Picnic area                Zone: Zone 1: Picnic area
                                                       Market: Community                        Market: Community
                                                       Objective:                               Objective:
                                                          Activities: Day use picnicking,          Activities: Day use picnicking,
                                                       hiking, wildlife viewing                 hiking, wildlife viewing
                                                          Experiences: Enjoying having             Experiences: Enjoying having
                                                       access to close-to-home outdoor          access to close-to-home outdoor
                                                       activities; enjoying having easy         activities; enjoying having easy
                                                       access to natural landscapes;            access to natural landscapes;
                                                       enjoying the closeness of family.        enjoying the closeness of family.
                                                          Benefits: Improved physical              Benefits: Improved physical
                                                       fitness; improved maintenance of         fitness; improved maintenance of
                                                       physical facilities; increased           physical facilities; increased



LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                     80
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                       IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B             ALTERNATIVE C                              ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                     awareness of natural landscapes;          awareness of natural landscapes;
                                                     stronger ties to family and friends,      stronger ties to family and friends,
                                                     vantage points provide improved           vantage points provide improved
                                                     appreciation for the Yampa Valley         appreciation for the Yampa Valley
                                                     and surrounding areas.                    and surrounding areas.
                                                     Prescribed setting character              Prescribed setting character
                                                        Physical: Rural                           Physical: Rural
                                                        Social: Rural                             Social: Rural
                                                        Administrative: Rural                     Administrative: Rural
                                                     Activity Planning Framework               Activity Planning Framework
                                                        Management: Vehicle parking for           Management: Vehicle parking for
                                                     picnicking and trail use will be          picnicking and trail use will be
                                                     provided. Prohibit overnight              provided. Prohibit overnight
                                                     camping, and discharging of               camping and discharging of
                                                     firearms not associated with hunting.     firearms. Recreation use of the area
                                                        Marketing: Coordinate with City of     would be restricted as a day use
                                                     Craig, Chamber of Commerce,               area (6:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m.).
                                                     communication site providers and             Marketing: Coordinate with City of
                                                     local sport shops to provide maps,        Craig, Chamber of Commerce,
                                                     brochures, and other recreation           communication site providers and
                                                     information.                              local sport shops to provide maps,
                                                        Monitoring: Monitoring will occur to   brochures, and other recreation
                                                     ensure user experiences are being         information.
                                                     met. Monitor compliance with                 Monitoring: Monitoring will occur to
                                                     restrictions and trail maintenance        ensure user experiences are being
                                                     conditions.                               met. Monitor compliance with
                                                        Administration:                        restrictions and trail maintenance
                                                            Minerals and Energy:              conditions.
                                                                   No Surface Occupancy           Administration:
                                                                   for oil and gas leasing            Minerals and Energy:
                                                                   Locatable - Closed                        Closed to oil and gas
                                                                   Other Minerals - Closed                   leasing
                                                                                                             Locatable - Closed


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                    81
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                     IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                         ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                   Coal - Closed                         Other Minerals - Closed
                                                               OHV: Limited to                          Coal - Closed
                                                                designated routes                  OHV: Limited to
                                                               VRM: Class III                       designated routes
                                                               Lands and Realty: Require          VRM: Class III
                                                                collocation of                     Lands and Realty: Require
                                                                communication facilities.            collocation of
                                                               Avoidance area for                   communication facilities.
                                                                additional ROW                     Exclusion area for
                                                                                                     additional ROW
No impacts anticipated.      No impacts anticipated.   Authorized actions would need to      New ROWs, leases, and easements
                                                       accommodate design and siting         and renewals and amendments
                                                       requirements and associated costs,    would not be authorized on XX
                                                       which may restrict placement and      acres.
                                                       could possibly limit future access,
                                                       limit energy supply (by restricting
                                                       pipelines, transmission lines, and
                                                       wind & solar projects), and limit
                                                       communications. Increased potential
                                                       for requests for new or amended
                                                       and renewed ROWs at existing sites
                                                       to be denied.
C. No similar action         No similar action         Zone: Zone 2: Trail system            Zone: Zone 2: Trail system
                                                       Market: Community                     Market: Community
                                                       Objective:                            Objective:
                                                         Activities: Hiking, jogging,          Activities: Hiking, jogging,
                                                       horseback riding, wildlife viewing    horseback riding, wildlife viewing
                                                         Experiences: Enjoying having          Experiences: Enjoying having
                                                       access to close-to-home outdoor       access to close-to-home outdoor
                                                       activities; Enjoying having easy      activities; Enjoying having easy
                                                       access to natural landscapes;         access to natural landscapes;
                                                       enjoying the closeness of family.     enjoying the closeness of family.
                                                         Benefits: Improved physical           Benefits: Improved physical


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                       IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B             ALTERNATIVE C                              ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                     fitness; improved maintenance of          fitness; improved maintenance of
                                                     physical facilities; increased            physical facilities; increased
                                                     awareness of natural landscapes;          awareness of natural landscapes;
                                                     increased knowledge of wildlife,          increased knowledge of wildlife,
                                                     natural landscapes and ecology.           natural landscapes and ecology.
                                                     Prescribed setting character              Prescribed setting character
                                                        Physical: Rural                           Physical: Rural
                                                        Social: Rural                             Social: Rural
                                                        Administrative: Rural                     Administrative: Rural
                                                     Activity Planning Framework               Activity Planning Framework
                                                        Management: Provide and                   Management: Provide and
                                                     maintain a managed non-motorized          maintain a managed non-motorized
                                                     trail system.                             and non-mechanized trail system.
                                                        Marketing: Coordinate with City of        Marketing: Coordinate with City of
                                                     Craig, Chamber of Commerce,               Craig, Chamber of Commerce,
                                                     communication site providers and          communication site providers, local
                                                     local sport shops to provide maps,        sport shops, and Colorado Division
                                                     brochures, and other recreation           of Wildlife to provide maps,
                                                     information.                              brochures, and other recreation
                                                        Monitoring: Monitoring will occur to   information.
                                                     ensure user experiences are being            Monitoring: Monitoring will occur to
                                                     met. Monitor compliance with              ensure user experiences are being
                                                     restrictions and trail maintenance        met. Monitor compliance with
                                                     conditions.                               restrictions and trail maintenance
                                                        Administration:                        conditions.
                                                             Minerals and Energy:                Administration:
                                                                   No Surface Occupancy               Minerals and Energy:
                                                                   for oil and gas leasing                   Closed to oil and gas
                                                                   Locatable - Closed                        leasing
                                                                   Other Minerals - Closed                   Locatable - Closed
                                                                   Coal - Closed                             Other Minerals - Closed
                                                             OHV: Limited to                                Coal - Closed



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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                      IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                               designated routes                     OHV: Limited to
                                                              VRM: Class III                         designated routes
                                                              Lands and Realty: Require            VRM: Class III
                                                               collocation of                       Lands and Realty: Require
                                                               communication facilities.              collocation of
                                                              Avoidance area for                     communication facilities.
                                                               additional ROW                       Exclusion area for
                                                                                                      additional ROW
No impacts anticipated.      No impacts anticipated.   Authorized actions would need to       New ROWs, leases, and easements
                                                       accommodate design and siting          and renewals and amendments
                                                       requirements and associated costs,     would not be authorized on XX
                                                       which may restrict placement and       acres.
                                                       could possibly limit future access,
                                                       limit energy supply (by restricting
                                                       pipelines, transmission lines, and
                                                       wind & solar projects), and limit
                                                       communications. Increased potential
                                                       for requests for new or amended
                                                       and renewed ROWs at existing sites
                                                       to be denied.
South Sand Wash
 D. No similar action        No similar action         Zone: Zone 1: Road corridors           Zone: Zone 1: Road corridors
                                                       Market: Community                      Market: Community
                                                       Objective:                             Objective:
                                                         Activities: Motorized recreation       Activities: Motorized recreation
                                                       experiences and associated             experiences and associated
                                                       developed and undeveloped              developed and undeveloped
                                                       camping                                camping
                                                         Experiences: Enjoying risk-taking      Experiences: Enjoying risk-taking
                                                       adventure; enjoying the closeness of   adventure; enjoying the closeness of
                                                       family; escaping from everyday         family; escaping from everyday
                                                       stress and responsibilities.           stress and responsibilities.
                                                         Benefits: Increased local tax and      Benefits: Increased local tax and


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                84
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                    IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B             ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                     tourism revenue; greater family        tourism revenue; greater family
                                                     bonding; reduced negative impacts      bonding; reduced negative impacts
                                                     such as litter and disturbance to      such as litter and disturbance to
                                                     wildlife and wild horses; enhanced     wildlife and wild horses; enhanced
                                                     awareness and understanding of         awareness and understanding of
                                                     nature and recreation opportunities.   nature and recreation opportunities.
                                                     Prescribed setting character           Prescribed setting character
                                                       Physical: Rural                        Physical: Rural
                                                       Social: Rural                          Social: Rural
                                                       Administrative: Rural                  Administrative: Rural
                                                     Activity Planning Framework            Activity Planning Framework
                                                       Management: Coordinate with            Management: Coordinate with
                                                     Moffat County and stakeholder          Moffat County and stakeholder
                                                     groups to improve County Road          groups to improve County Road
                                                     access in South Sand Wash and to       access in South Sand Wash and to
                                                     gravel the surface of these county     gravel the surface of these county
                                                     roads. Provide trailhead, parking      roads. Provide trailhead, parking
                                                     and developed camping facilities.      and developed camping facilities.
                                                       Marketing: Coordinate with local       Marketing: Coordinate with local
                                                     OHV groups, commercial motorized       OHV groups, commercial motorized
                                                     vehicle suppliers, Chambers of         vehicle suppliers, Chambers of
                                                     Commerce and Moffat County to          Commerce and Moffat County to
                                                     provide facilities, road               provide facilities, road
                                                     improvements, and interpretation.      improvements, and interpretation.
                                                       Monitoring: In coordination with       Monitoring: In coordination with
                                                     local stewardship and motorized        local stewardship and motorized
                                                     recreation groups, monitor to          recreation groups, monitor to
                                                     determine the number of developed      determine the number of developed
                                                     campsites and trailhead parking        campsites and trailhead parking
                                                     needed and their development           needed and their development
                                                     levels, and additional service needs   levels, and additional service needs
                                                     to meet user experiences and           to meet user experiences and
                                                     expectations. Monitor user             expectations. Monitor user



LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                  85
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                      IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                       experience and satisfaction.           experience and satisfaction.
                                                         Administration:                        Administration:
                                                            Minerals and Energy:                  Minerals and Energy:
                                                                   Oil and gas leasing-                   Oil and gas leasing-
                                                                   Open                                   Open
                                                                   Locatable - Closed                     Locatable - Closed
                                                                   Other Minerals - Open                  Other Minerals - Open
                                                                   Coal – Not available for               Coal – Not available for
                                                                   leasing                                leasing
                                                            OHV: Open                             OHV: Open
                                                            Developed Recreation                  Developed Recreation
                                                               sites- closed to all mineral           sites- closed to all mineral
                                                               actions                                actions
                                                            VRM: Class IV                         VRM: Class IV
                                                            Lands and Realty:                     Lands and Realty:
                                                               Determined on a case-by-               Determined on a case-by-
                                                               case basis consistent with             case basis consistent with
                                                               SRMA objectives.                       SRMA objectives.

No impacts anticipated.      No impacts anticipated.   Could impose design and siting         Could impose design and siting
                                                       requirements and associated costs,     requirements and associated costs,
                                                       which may restrict placement and       which may restrict placement and
                                                       could possibly limit future access,    could possibly limit future access,
                                                       limit energy supply (by restricting    limit energy supply (by restricting
                                                       pipelines, transmission lines, and     pipelines, transmission lines, and
                                                       wind & solar projects), and limit      wind & solar projects), and limit
                                                       communications.                        communications.
E. No similar action         No similar action         Zone: Zone 2: Open play area           Zone: Zone 2: Open play area
                                                       Market: Community                      Market: Community
                                                       Objective:                             Objective:
                                                         Activities: Off-road motorized         Activities: Off-road motorized
                                                       recreation experiences                 recreation experiences


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                      IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B             ALTERNATIVE C                            ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                       Experiences: Enjoying risk-taking        Experiences: Enjoying risk-taking
                                                     adventure; enjoying the closeness of     adventure; enjoying the closeness of
                                                     family; developing riding skills and     family; developing riding skills and
                                                     abilities                                abilities
                                                       Benefits: Enhanced sense of              Benefits: Enhanced sense of
                                                     personal freedom; restored mind          personal freedom; restored mind
                                                     from unwanted stress; greater sense      from unwanted stress; greater sense
                                                     of adventure; improved maintenance       of adventure; improved maintenance
                                                     of physical facilities; positive         of physical facilities; positive
                                                     contribution to local economy            contribution to local economy
                                                     Prescribed setting character             Prescribed setting character
                                                       Physical: Rural                          Physical: Rural
                                                       Social: Rural                            Social: Rural
                                                       Administrative: Rural                    Administrative: Front country
                                                     Activity Planning Framework              Activity Planning Framework
                                                       Management: Identify and sign               Management: Identify and sign
                                                     main access routes through the           main access routes through the
                                                     area.                                    area.
                                                       Marketing: Coordinate with local         Marketing: Coordinate with local
                                                     OHV groups, commercial motorized         OHV groups, commercial motorized
                                                     vehicle suppliers, Chambers of           vehicle suppliers, Chambers of
                                                     Commerce and Moffat County to            Commerce and Moffat County to
                                                     provide maps, brochures, and             provide maps, brochures, and
                                                     interpretation.                          interpretation.
                                                       Monitoring: Monitoring will occur to     Monitoring: Monitoring will occur to
                                                     determine if/when this use               determine if/when this use
                                                     approaches or exceeds resource           approaches or exceeds resource
                                                     capacity.                                capacity.
                                                       Administration:                          Administration:
                                                            Minerals and Energy:                    Minerals and Energy:
                                                                  Oil and gas leasing-                     Oil and gas leasing-
                                                                  Open                                     Open



LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                  87
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                     IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                         ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                  Locatable - Closed                       Locatable - Closed
                                                                  Other Minerals - Open                    Other Minerals - Open
                                                                  Coal – Not available for                 Coal – Not available for
                                                                  leasing                                  leasing
                                                              OHV: Open                            OHV: Open area smaller
                                                              VRM: Class IV                           than Alternative C, with
                                                              Lands and Realty:                       Clay Buttes area Limited to
                                                               Determined on a case-by-                Designated Routes
                                                               case basis consistent with           VRM: Class IV
                                                               SRMA objectives.                     Lands and Realty:
                                                                                                       Determined on a case-by-
                                                                                                       case basis consistent with
                                                                                                       SRMA objectives.
No impacts anticipated.      No impacts anticipated.   Could impose design and siting        Could impose design and siting
                                                       requirements and associated costs,    requirements and associated costs,
                                                       which may restrict placement and      which may restrict placement and
                                                       could possibly limit future access,   could possibly limit future access,
                                                       limit energy supply (by restricting   limit energy supply (by restricting
                                                       pipelines, transmission lines, and    pipelines, transmission lines, and
                                                       wind & solar projects), and limit     wind & solar projects), and limit
                                                       communications.                       communications.
F. No similar action         No similar action         Zone: Zone 3: Designated routes       Zone: Zone 3: Designated routes
                                                       area                                  area
                                                       Market: Community                     Market: Community
                                                       Objective:                            Objective:
                                                         Activities: Single-track and          Activities: Single-track and
                                                       double-track OHV riding, novice to    double-track OHV riding, novice to
                                                       expert levels.                        expert levels.
                                                         Experiences: Enjoying risk-taking     Experiences: Enjoying risk-taking
                                                       adventure and new challenges;         adventure and new challenges;
                                                       escaping everyday responsibilities    escaping everyday responsibilities
                                                       for a while;                          for a while;
                                                         Benefits: Greater retention of        Benefits: Greater retention of


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                     88
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                       IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B             ALTERNATIVE C                             ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                     desired recreation experience;            desired recreation experience;
                                                     reduced negative impacts such as          reduced negative impacts such as
                                                     litter, vegetative trampling, and         litter, vegetative trampling, and
                                                     unplanned trails; positive                unplanned trails; positive
                                                     contribution to local economy;            contribution to local economy;
                                                     enhanced sense of personal                enhanced sense of personal
                                                     freedom.                                  freedom.
                                                     Prescribed setting character              Prescribed setting character
                                                        Physical: Front country                   Physical: Front country
                                                        Social: Front country                     Social: Front country
                                                        Administrative: Front country             Administrative: Front country
                                                     Activity Planning Framework               Activity Planning Framework
                                                        Management: Together with user            Management: Together with user
                                                     groups and local government,              groups and local government,
                                                     identify and sign a system of trails to   identify and sign a system of trails to
                                                     accommodate a wide range of               accommodate a wide range of
                                                     vehicle types and difficulty of riding    vehicle types and difficulty of riding
                                                     levels. Crucial winter range and          levels. Crucial winter range and
                                                     other seasonally limited wildlife         other seasonally limited wildlife
                                                     habitat areas would be closed to          habitat areas would be closed to
                                                     surface disturbing activities.            surface disturbing activities.
                                                        Marketing: Coordinate with local          Marketing: Coordinate with local
                                                     OHV groups, commercial motorized          OHV groups, commercial motorized
                                                     vehicle suppliers, Chambers of            vehicle suppliers, Chambers of
                                                     Commerce and Moffat County to             Commerce and Moffat County to
                                                     provide maps, brochures,                  provide maps, brochures,
                                                     interpretation and route planning         interpretation and route planning
                                                     and development.                          and development.
                                                        Monitoring: Monitoring will occur to      Monitoring: Monitoring will occur to
                                                     ensure user experiences and               ensure user experiences and
                                                     expectations are being met and to         expectations are being met and to
                                                     ensure that resources are protected.      ensure that resources are protected.
                                                        Administration:                           Administration:



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                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B                ALTERNATIVE C                             ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                Minerals and Energy:                     Minerals and Energy:
                                                                     Oil and gas leasing-                      Oil and gas leasing-
                                                                     Open                                      Open
                                                                     Locatable - Closed                        Locatable - Closed
                                                                     Other Minerals - Open                     Other Minerals - Open
                                                                     Coal – Not available for                  Coal – Not available for
                                                                     leasing                                   leasing
                                                              OHV: Limited to Designated               OHV: Limited to Designated
                                                                 Routes                                    Routes
                                                              VRM: Class III                           VRM: Class III
                                                              Lands and Realty:                        Lands and Realty:
                                                                 Determined on a case-by-                  Determined on a case-by-
                                                                 case basis consistent with                case basis consistent with
                                                                 SRMA objectives.                          SRMA objectives.
No impacts anticipated.      No impacts anticipated.   Could impose design and siting            Could impose design and siting
                                                       requirements and associated costs,        requirements and associated costs,
                                                       which may restrict placement and          which may restrict placement and
                                                       could possibly limit future access,       could possibly limit future access,
                                                       limit energy supply (by restricting       limit energy supply (by restricting
                                                       pipelines, transmission lines, and        pipelines, transmission lines, and
                                                       wind & solar projects), and limit         wind & solar projects), and limit
                                                       communications.                           communications.
Serviceberry
 G. No similar action        No similar action         Zone: Zone 1: Willow Creek and            Zone: Zone 1: Willow Creek and
                                                       north Serviceberry access                 north Serviceberry access
                                                       Market: Destination                       Market: Destination
                                                       Objective:                                Objective:
                                                         Activities: Non-motorized hunting         Activities: Non-motorized hunting
                                                       and associated camping                    and associated camping
                                                         Experiences: Developing your              Experiences: Developing your
                                                       skills and abilities; gaining a greater   skills and abilities; gaining a greater
                                                       sense of achievement;                     sense of achievement;


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                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B             ALTERNATIVE C                            ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                        Benefits: Reduced wildlife             Benefits: Reduced wildlife
                                                     disturbance from recreation users;      disturbance from recreation users;
                                                     greater self-reliance gained from       greater self-reliance gained from
                                                     hunting; improved outdoor               hunting; improved outdoor
                                                     knowledge and self-confidence;          knowledge and self-confidence;
                                                     positive contributions to local and     positive contributions to local and
                                                     regional economic stability.            regional economic stability.
                                                     Prescribed setting character            Prescribed setting character
                                                        Physical: Middle country               Physical: Middle country
                                                        Social: Middle country                 Social: Middle country
                                                        Administrative: Middle country         Administrative: Middle country
                                                     Activity Planning Framework             Activity Planning Framework
                                                        Management: Provide camping            Management: Provide camping
                                                     facilities and improved roads to        facilities in high impact areas related
                                                     these facilities in high impact areas   to hunting season uses. Develop a
                                                     related to hunting season uses.         managed and maintained trail
                                                      Develop a managed and maintained       system within the area.
                                                      trail system within the area.            Marketing: In partnership with
                                                        Marketing: In partnership with       Division of Wildlife and local
                                                     Division of Wildlife and local          Chambers of Commerce, increase
                                                     Chambers of Commerce, increase          education and interpretation during
                                                     education and interpretation during     hunting season to reduce resource
                                                     hunting season to reduce resource       impacts and conflicts.
                                                     impacts and conflicts.                    Monitoring: Monitor user
                                                        Monitoring: Monitor user             experience and satisfaction, camp
                                                     experience and satisfaction, camp       site conditions and use.
                                                     site conditions and use.                  Administration:
                                                        Administration:                             Minerals and Energy:
                                                             Minerals and Energy:                          Open to oil and gas
                                                                   Open to oil and gas                      exploration and
                                                                   exploration and                          development
                                                                   development                              Locatable – closed



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                                                                                                         IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                             ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                     Locatable – closed                     Other minerals – open
                                                                     Other minerals – open                  Coal – Not available for
                                                                     Coal – Not available for               leasing
                                                                     leasing                            OHV: Designated Routes
                                                             OHV: Limited to Designated                VRM – Class III
                                                                Routes                                  Lands and Realty:
                                                             VRM – Class III                            Determined on a case-by-
                                                             Lands and Realty:                          case basis consistent with
                                                                Determined on a case-by-                 SRMA objectives.
                                                                case basis consistent with
                                                                SRMA objectives.
No impacts anticipated.      No impacts anticipated.   Could impose design and siting            Could impose design and siting
                                                       requirements and associated costs,        requirements and associated costs,
                                                       which may restrict placement and          which may restrict placement and
                                                       could possibly limit future access,       could possibly limit future access,
                                                       limit energy supply (by restricting       limit energy supply (by restricting
                                                       pipelines, transmission lines, and        pipelines, transmission lines, and
                                                       wind & solar projects), and limit         wind & solar projects), and limit
                                                       communications.                           communications.
H. No similar action         No similar action         Zone: Zone 2: Serviceberry                Zone: Zone 2: Serviceberry
                                                       backcountry                               backcountry
                                                       Objective:                                Objective:
                                                         Activities: Non-motorized big game        Activities: Non-motorized big game
                                                       hunting and associated undeveloped        hunting and associated undeveloped
                                                       camping.                                  camping.
                                                         Experiences: Developing your              Experiences: Developing your
                                                       skills and abilities; gaining a greater   skills and abilities; gaining a greater
                                                       sense of achievement;                     sense of achievement;
                                                         Benefits: Reduced wildlife                Benefits: Reduced wildlife
                                                       disturbance from recreation users;        disturbance from recreation users;
                                                       greater self-reliance gained from         greater self-reliance gained from
                                                       hunting; improved outdoor                 hunting; improved outdoor
                                                       knowledge and self-confidence;            knowledge and self-confidence;


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OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                     IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B             ALTERNATIVE C                           ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                     positive contributions to local and     positive contributions to local and
                                                     regional economic stability.            regional economic stability.
                                                     Prescribed setting character            Prescribed setting character
                                                       Physical: Back country                  Physical: Back country
                                                       Social: Back country                    Social: Back country
                                                       Administrative: Back country            Administrative: Back country
                                                     Activity Planning Framework             Activity Planning Framework
                                                        Management: Develop a                  Management: Develop a minimal
                                                      managed and maintained non-            managed and maintained non-
                                                      motorized trail system within the      motorized trail system within the
                                                      area.                                  area.
                                                       Marketing: In partnership with          Marketing: In partnership with
                                                     Division of Wildlife and local          Division of Wildlife and local
                                                     Chambers of Commerce, increase          Chambers of Commerce, increase
                                                     education and interpretation during     education and interpretation during
                                                     hunting season to reduce resource       hunting season to reduce resource
                                                     impacts and conflicts.                  impacts and conflicts.
                                                       Monitoring: Monitor user                Monitoring: Monitor user
                                                     experience and satisfaction, camp       experience and satisfaction, camp
                                                     site conditions and use. Monitor to     site conditions and use. Monitor to
                                                     ensure compliance of the motor          ensure compliance of the motor
                                                     vehicle closures.                       vehicle closures.
                                                       Administration:                         Administration:
                                                           Minerals and Energy:                   Minerals and Energy:
                                                                  Open to oil and gas                     Open to oil and gas
                                                                  exploration and                         exploration and
                                                                  development                             development
                                                                  Locatable – closed                      Locatable – closed
                                                                  Other minerals – open                   Other minerals – open
                                                                  Coal – Not available for                Coal – Not available for
                                                                  leasing                                 leasing
                                                           OHV: Closed                            OHV: Closed


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                                             Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                         ALTERNATIVE B                      ALTERNATIVE C                         ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                           VRM – Class III                      VRM – Class III
                                                                           Lands and Realty: ROW                Lands and Realty: ROW
                                                                            would be considered on a              would be considered on a
                                                                            case-by-case basis                    case-by-case basis.
No impacts anticipated.           No impacts anticipated.          Could impose design and siting        Could impose design and siting
                                                                   requirements and associated costs,    requirements and associated costs,
                                                                   which may restrict placement and      which may restrict placement and
                                                                   could possibly limit future access,   could possibly limit future access,
                                                                   limit energy supply (by restricting   limit energy supply (by restricting
                                                                   pipelines, transmission lines, and    pipelines, transmission lines, and
                                                                   wind & solar projects), and limit     wind & solar projects), and limit
                                                                   communications.                       communications.
Flycreek
 I. The Flycreek area is open      Same as Alternative A, except   1. The Flycreek area (12,342          The Flycreek area (12,342 acres)
    to OHV use under the          temporary OHV closures would        acres) will be administered as a   will be administered as a Special
    current RMP; however, is      be removed and would be             backcountry, non-motorized         Recreation Management Area
    temporarily closed to OHV     managed as open to OHV use.         hunting area.                      (SRMA) to provide backcountry,
    use. This area is currently                                                                          non-motorized hunting experiences.
    managed as part of the
    ERMA.
                                                                   2. Increase education and             Zone: All one RMZ
                                                                       interpretation during hunting     Market: Destination
                                                                       season to reduce resource         Objective:
                                                                       impacts and conflicts.
                                                                                                           Activities: Non-motorized big game
                                                                                                         hunting and associated undeveloped
                                                                   3. Develop a managed and              camping.
                                                                      maintained a non-motorized trail     Experiences: Developing your
                                                                      system within the area.            skills and abilities; gaining a greater
                                                                                                         sense of achievement;
                                                                   4. OHV – closed                         Benefits: Reduced wildlife
                                                                                                         disturbance from recreation users;
                                                                   5. Minerals –                         reduce hunter conflicts; greater self-
                                                                        Open to oil and gas             reliance gained from hunting;
                                                                                                         improved outdoor knowledge and


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                                                                                                IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B             ALTERNATIVE C                      ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                             exploration and            self-confidence; positive
                                                             development                contributions to local and regional
                                                            Locatable – closed         economic stability.
                                                            Other minerals – open      Prescribed setting character
                                                            Coal - Not available for     Physical: Back country
                                                             leasing                      Social: Primitive
                                                                                          Administrative: Back country
                                                     6. VRM –Class III                  Activity Planning Framework
                                                                                          Management: Develop a managed
                                                     7. Lands and Realty: ROW would     and maintained a non-motorized trail
                                                        be considered on a case-by-     system within the area. Increase
                                                        case basis.                     education and interpretation during
                                                                                        hunting season to reduce resource
                                                                                        impacts and conflicts. Maintain
                                                                                        property boundary signing.
                                                                                          Marketing: Coordination with
                                                                                        Division of Wildlife, local adjacent
                                                                                        land owners, permitted outfitters to
                                                                                        provide hunting and recreation
                                                                                        information.
                                                                                          Monitoring: Monitoring will occur to
                                                                                        ensure compliance of the motor
                                                                                        vehicle closures. Monitor user
                                                                                        experience and satisfaction.
                                                                                          Administration:
                                                                                               Minerals and Energy:
                                                                                                     Open to oil and gas
                                                                                                     exploration and
                                                                                                     development
                                                                                                     Locatable – closed
                                                                                                     Other minerals – open
                                                                                                     Coal - Not available for



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                                                                                                          IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                           Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                       ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                           ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                                                             leasing
                                                                                                         OHV: Closed
                                                                                                         VRM: Class III
                                                                                                         Lands and Realty: ROW
                                                                                                          would be considered on a
                                                                                                          case-by-case basis.
                                                                                                 .
No impacts anticipated.         No impacts anticipated.   Could impose design and siting         Could impose design and siting
                                                          requirements and associated costs,     requirements and associated costs,
                                                          which may restrict placement and       which may restrict placement and
                                                          could possibly limit future access,    could possibly limit future access,
                                                          limit energy supply (by restricting    limit energy supply (by restricting
                                                          pipelines, transmission lines, and     pipelines, transmission lines, and
                                                          wind & solar projects), and limit      wind & solar projects), and limit
                                                          communications.                        communications.
Dinosaur North Area (outside of WSA)
J. Multiple use outside       Same as Alternative A.      Objective: Manage to protect           The Dinosaur North area (41,355
    existing WSAs                                         naturalness, opportunities for semi-   acres) will be administered as a
                                                          primitive recreation, and solitude.    Special Recreation Management
K. Minerals and Energy:                                                                          Area (SRMA) to provide quality
    Controlled Surface                                   1. No designation with the             primitive recreational experiences in
      Use for oil and gas                                    following prescriptions:            largely natural settings.
      exploration and
      development                                                                                Zone: All one RMZ
                                                          2. Minerals and Energy:
    Locatable - Open
                                                              Closed to oil and gas             Market: Community
    Other Minerals - Open                                      exploration and                  Objective:
    Coal - Not available for                                   development                        Activities: Hiking, backpacking,
      leasing                                                 Locatable - Closed                horseback riding, camping and
                                                              Other Minerals - Open             hunting.
L. OHV: Open                                                  Coal - Not available for            Experiences: Feeling good about
                                                                leasing                          solitude and being isolated;
M. VRM: Not applicable                                                                           experiencing a greater sense of


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                        96
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                             IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B            ALTERNATIVE C                     ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                     3. OHV: Limited to Designated   independence; enjoying getting
N. Lands and Realty: No                                 Routes                       some physical exercise
   restrictions, case-by-case                                                           Benefits: Closer relationship with
   basis                                             4. VRM: Class II                the natural world; improved physical
                                                                                     fitness; greater retention of
                                                                                     distinctive natural landscapes;
                                                     5. Lands and Realty: ROW –
                                                                                     conservation of entire ecosystems in
                                                        avoidance; no wind energy
                                                                                     natural state.
                                                                                     Prescribed setting character
                                                                                        Physical: Primitive
                                                                                        Social: Primitive
                                                                                        Administrative: Primitive
                                                                                     Activity Planning Framework
                                                                                        Management: Provide minimally
                                                                                     developed trailhead parking and
                                                                                     interpretive information adjacent to
                                                                                     roads that provide access to the
                                                                                     edges of access points.
                                                                                        Marketing: Coordinate with
                                                                                     Chamber of Commerce, non-
                                                                                     motorized recreation organizations,
                                                                                     and adjacent land owners in
                                                                                     providing maps, brochures and
                                                                                     recreation information.
                                                                                        Monitoring: Monitoring will occur to
                                                                                     ensure compliance of the motor
                                                                                     vehicle closures. Monitor user
                                                                                     experience and satisfaction.
                                                                                        Administration:
                                                                                           Minerals and Energy:
                                                                                                   Closed to oil and gas
                                                                                                   exploration and
                                                                                                   development


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                                                                                                        IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                          Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                      ALTERNATIVE B               ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                                                            Locatable - Closed
                                                                                                            Other Minerals - Closed
                                                                                                            Coal - Not available for
                                                                                                            leasing
                                                                                                     OHV: Closed
                                                                                                     VRM: Class II
                                                                                                     Lands and Realty: ROW –
                                                                                                        exclusion; no wind energy
No impacts anticipated.        No impacts anticipated.   New wind energy projects would not     New wind energy projects, ROWs,
                                                         be authorized.                         leases, and easements and
                                                         ROWs, leases, and easements and        renewals and amendments would
                                                         renewals and amendments                not be authorized on XX acres.
                                                         authorized would need to
                                                         accommodate design and siting
                                                         requirements and associated costs,
                                                         which may restrict placement and
                                                         could possibly limit future access,
                                                         limit energy supply (by restricting
                                                         pipelines, transmission lines, and
                                                         wind & solar projects), and limit
                                                         communications. Increased potential
                                                         for requests for new or amended
                                                         and renewed ROWs at existing sites
                                                         to be denied.
Cold Springs Area (outside of WSA)
O. Multiple use outside        Same as Alternative A.    Objective: Manage to protect           The Cold Springs Mountain area
    existing WSAs                                        naturalness, opportunities for semi-   (30,479acres) will be administered
                                                         primitive recreation, and solitude.    as a Special Recreation
P. Minerals and Energy:                                                                         Management Area (SRMA) to
    Controlled Surface                                  1. No designation with the             provide quality primitive recreational
      Use for oil and gas                                   following prescriptions:            experiences in largely natural
      exploration and                                                                           settings.
      development


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                        98
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                      Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B            ALTERNATIVE C                       ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
    Locatable - Open                                                                   Zone: All one RMZ
    Other Minerals - Open                           2. Minerals and Energy:            Market: Community
    Coal - Not available for                            Closed to oil and gas         Objective:
      leasing                                              exploration and                 Activities: Hiking, backpacking,
                                                           development                  horseback riding, camping, hunting
Q. OHV: Majority Limited to                              Locatable - Closed               Experiences: Feeling good about
   Existing, remainder is                                Other Minerals - Open         solitude and being isolated;
   Open                                                  Coal - Not available for      experiencing a greater sense of
                                                           leasing                      independence; enjoying getting
R. VRM: Not applicable                                                                  some physical exercise
                                                     3. OHV: Limited to Designated         Benefits: Closer relationship with
                                                        routes                          the natural world; improved physical
S. Lands and Realty: No
   restrictions, case-by-case                                                           fitness; greater retention of
   basis                                             4. VRM: Class III                  distinctive natural landscapes;
                                                                                        conservation of functioning
                                                                                        ecosystems in natural state.
                                                     5. Lands and Realty: ROW –
                                                        avoidance; accept wind energy   Prescribed setting character
                                                        applications on case-by-case       Physical: Primitive
                                                        basis.                             Social: Primitive
                                                                                           Administrative: Primitive
                                                                                        Activity Planning Framework
                                                                                           Management: Provide minimally
                                                                                        developed trailhead parking and
                                                                                        interpretive information adjacent to
                                                                                        roads that provide access to the
                                                                                        edges of access points. Provide
                                                                                        minimal managed and signed trail
                                                                                        system.
                                                                                           Marketing: Coordinate with
                                                                                        Browns Park Wildlife Refuge,
                                                                                        Chamber of Commerce, non-
                                                                                        motorized recreation organizations,
                                                                                        and adjacent land owners in


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                               99
OCTOBER 2005
                                                                                                     IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                        Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B              ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                                             providing maps, brochures and
                                                                                             recreation information.
                                                                                               Monitoring: Monitoring will occur to
                                                                                             ensure compliance of the motor
                                                                                             vehicle closures. Monitor user
                                                                                             experience and satisfaction.
                                                                                               Administration:
                                                                                                  Minerals and Energy:
                                                                                                          Closed to oil and gas
                                                                                                          exploration and
                                                                                                          development
                                                                                                          Locatable - Closed
                                                                                                          Other Minerals - Closed
                                                                                                          Coal - Not available for
                                                                                                          leasing
                                                                                                  OHV: Closed
                                                                                                  VRM: Class II
                                                                                                  Lands and Realty: ROW –
                                                                                                      exclusion; no wind energy
No impacts anticipated.      No impacts anticipated.   New wind energy projects, ROWs,       New wind energy projects, ROWs,
                                                       leases, and easements and             leases, and easements and
                                                       renewals and amendments would         renewals and amendments would
                                                       need to accommodate design and        not be authorized on XX acres.
                                                       siting requirements and associated
                                                       costs, which may restrict placement
                                                       and could possibly limit future
                                                       access, limit energy supply (by
                                                       restricting pipelines, transmission
                                                       lines, and wind & solar projects),
                                                       and limit communications. Increased
                                                       potential for requests for new or
                                                       amended and renewed ROWs at
                                                       existing sites to be denied.


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                                                                                                                      IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                             Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                         ALTERNATIVE B                         ALTERNATIVE C                           ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                             LANDS AND REALTY
Land Tenure Adjustments
The BLM-administered lands in     Disposal land tenure adjustment     The BLM-administered lands in the        Same as Alternative C.
the RMPPA have been divided       actions (both exchanges and         RMPPA will be divided into three
into general retention and        sales) will be allowed on lands     retention and disposal zones: the
disposal areas.                   that meet the following criteria:   East, Central, and West Zones
A. The retention area is the                                          (Map X). Disposal and exchange
     existing land base to be      Lands suitable for public         criteria specific to each zone are the
     managed under multiple         purposes adjacent to or of        same as in Alternative B with the
     use concepts. All land         special importance to local       additional criteria for each zone
     tenure adjustment actions      communities, and state            described as follows:
     (including recreation and      and/or federal agencies for
     public purposes [R&PP]         purposes including, but not       EAST ZONE
     actions and exchanges),
     except sales under Section
                                    limited to, community              Actively seek opportunities to
                                    expansion, extended                 exchange or sell lands (surface
     203 of FLPMA, will be          community services, or
     considered on a case-by-                                           and/or mineral estate) in order to
                                    economic development.               facilitate better management of
     case basis, if the public
                                   Lands without legal public          BLM lands and to benefit the
     interest would be served.
                                    access.                             public. Sales should be tied to
     Section 302 leases and
                                   Lands that have facilities          identification of the purchase of
     permits will be allowed.
                                    which are in trespass and           non-federal lands within LSFO,
     Conveyance actions will
     be precluded in wilderness
                                    predate the RMP.                    as appropriate and in the public‘s
     and other special             Lands that are isolated with        interest.
     management areas               public access by foot or           Look to exchange lands with the
B. Disposal land tenure             horseback only.                     appropriate local, state and
     adjustment actions will be    Lands with irregular shapes,        federal agencies to facilitate one
     allowed on approximately       narrow parcels, small parcels       agency management in particular
     6,670 acres of public land     or any configuration which          areas, to include but not limited
     that meet the criteria for     makes the land difficult to         to, Stagecoach State Park,
     disposal under applicable      manage and increases                Steamboat Lake Statement Park,
     authority. This acreage        trespass situations.                Indian Run State Wildlife,
     includes land tenure          Lands with public road              Steamboat Springs Mountain
     adjustment actions for         access that are so small that       Park, Jimmy Dun Gulch



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                                                                                                                               IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                                 Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

      ALTERNATIVE A
                                             ALTERNATIVE B                           ALTERNATIVE C                               ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
   existing BLM authorized            they cannot be proactively             CDOW/SLB lease area and the
   sanitary landfill sites near       managed for a variety of               Emerald Mountain 2 area.
   Oak Creek and Maybell              resource values.                      Retain and seek acquisition of
   located within the retention      Lands that would be better             addition lands within identified
   area. Section 302 leases           suited in private or other             acquisition areas, to include but
   and permits would also be          agency ownership.                      not limited to, Sleeping Giant,
   allowed.                                                                  Emerald Mountain, West
C. Acquisition of land will be          Acquisition land tenure              Gibraltar Peak, Copper Ridge,
   pursued based on                     adjustment actions will be           Pagoda/Hamilton, Dry Fork/Bull
   identified resource values           allowed on lands that meet           Gulch, Sage Creek, Bear Gulch,
   and needs (RMP/ROD                   the following criteria:              Little Middle Creek, Rattle Snake
   pages 30-31).                                                             Butte (near Oak Creek), and
                                          Lands that would help
                                              block up existing BLM          Watson Creek (near Yampa)
                                              land.                          areas.
                                          Lands near communities           Additional retention or acquisition
                                              that provide open              areas can be identified during the
                                              space, preserve                life of the plan for the public good.
                                              agriculture, protect
                                              wildlife, protect the        CENTRAL ZONE
                                              environment, enhance          When the opportunity arise,
                                              recreational                   exchange or sell lands (surface
                                              opportunities and              and/or mineral estate) in order to
                                              generally serve the            facilitate better management of
                                              public good.                   BLM lands and to benefit the
                                          Lands that would                  public. Sales should be tied to
                                              provide public access to       identification of the purchase of
                                              public lands or other          non-federal lands within LSFO,
                                              public assets such as          as appropriate and in the public‘s
                                              but not limited to river       interest.

2 The Emerald Mountain Land Exchange is currently in progress. It involves approximately 15,000 acres of BLM land scattered throughout Routt County in 131
    parcels for one contiguous block of State land containing approximately 6,000. Emerald Mountain is located in the heart of Routt County south and west of
    Steamboat Springs. The exchange is scheduled to be completed before the RMP Revision is finished and the Emerald Mountain parcel may become BLM
    land (both surface and mineral estate).


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                                               102
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                                                                                                           IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                         Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                    ALTERNATIVE B                         ALTERNATIVE C                     ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                     access.                      LU lands should be retained as
                                                                   much as possible, and acquisition
                             Retain lands that are blocked         of additional lands in the area
                             up, have public access, have          should be actively sought to
                             significant public value, and are     protect wildlife habitat, especially
                             efficient to manage.                  sage grouse.
                                                                  Look to exchange lands with the
                                                                   appropriate state agencies to
                             Other land tenure adjustments         facilitate one agency
                             will be processed on a case-by-       management in particular areas,
                             case basis.                           to include but not limited to the
                                                                   Little Snake State Wildlife area.
                                                                  Retain and seek acquisition of
                                                                   addition lands within identified
                                                                   acquisition areas, to include but
                                                                   not limited to, Thornburg
                                                                   Mountain, Yampa Canyon SRMA,
                                                                   Juniper Mountain SRMA and
                                                                   Serviceberry Mountain areas.
                                                                  Additional retention or acquisition
                                                                   areas can be identified during the
                                                                   life of the plan for the public good.

                                                                 WEST ZONE
                                                                  In rare cases exchange or sell
                                                                   lands (surface and/or mineral
                                                                   estate) in order to facilitate better
                                                                   management of BLM lands and to
                                                                   benefit the public. Sales should
                                                                   be tied to identification of the
                                                                   purchase of non-federal lands
                                                                   within LSFO, as appropriate and
                                                                   in the public‘s interest.
                                                                  Look to exchange lands with the


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                  103
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                                                                                                                     IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                            Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                        ALTERNATIVE B                       ALTERNATIVE C                              ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                      appropriate state agencies to
                                                                      facilitate one agency
                                                                      management in particular areas,
                                                                      to include but not limited to, the
                                                                      Sand Wash Basin and Vermillion
                                                                      Basin areas.
                                                                   Additional retention or acquisition
                                                                      areas can be identified during the
                                                                      life of the plan for the public good.
Would enable land tenure         Same as Alternative A, in        Same as Alternative B, in addition          Impacts would be the same as
adjustments to accommodate       addition would enable land       would enable lad tenure adjustments         Alternative C.
resource management.             tenure adjustments to            to foster land management for other
                                 accommodate community            agencies, desirable areas for public
                                 expansion and development,       access, and enable better
                                 difficult or hard to access      management of areas of interest or
                                 parcels, and foster contiguous   special designation.
                                 parcels for public land
                                 management.
Rights-of-Way
D. No rights-of-way corridors    ROWs allowed on a case-by-       Encourage ROW in the following              Encourage ROW in the following
   are formally designated.      case basis.                      existing corridors:                         existing corridors:

E. The existing and potential                                      Major roads including county               Major roads including county
   corridors identified as                                          roads (e.g., CR 20, 4, 7, 57)               roads (e.g., CR 20, 4, 7, 57)
   suitable on page 29 of the
                                                                   Power transmission lines                   Power transmission lines
   RMP/ROD and displayed
                                                                   Oil and gas pipelines                      Oil and gas pipelines
   on pages 32 and 33 of the
   RMP/ROD are considered
   open and are preferred
   routes.

F. Minor rights-of-way will be
   processed on a case-by-
   case basis, generally


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                               104
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                                                                                                       IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                            Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

      ALTERNATIVE A
                                        ALTERNATIVE B                 ALTERNATIVE C                      ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
   guided by the criteria
   identified for major rights-
   of-way.

G. Rights-of-way will be
   allowed in all areas if
   needed to develop valid
   existing rights.

ROW corridors would allow          No impacts anticipated.    Impacts would be the same as       Impacts would be the same as
applicants to understand           HIGHLIGHT POSITIVE         Alternative A.                     Alternative A.
where such uses are                IMPACTS…ALLOW
desired. Also, collocating         EFFICIENT ENERGY SUPPLY
ROWs may ease the process          AND ACCESS, REDUCE COST
for construction and               OF ROW AND ENERGY
maintenance.                       DEVELOPMENTS
However, existence of ROW
corridors could limit options
on design or more preferable
locations.
H. Specific areas unsuitable       ROW Exclusion: WSAs; VRM   ROW Exclusion:                     ROW Exclusion:
    for major rights-of-way are:   Class I                       WSAs                              WSAs
     WSAs                                                       VRM Class I areas                 VRM Class I and II
     Limestone Ridge                                            Portions of Vermillion Basin      Lookout Mountain ACEC
        ACEC/RNA                                                   Zone 2                           Limestone Ridge ACEC
     Lookout Mountain
                                                                                                    Irish Canyon ACEC
        ACEC
                                                                                                    Cross Mountain Canyon
     Irish Canyon ACEC
                                                                                                      ACEC
     Little Yampa/Juniper
                                                                                                    White-Tailed Prairie Dog
        Canyon SRMA (lower
                                                                                                      ACEC
        unit)
                                                                                                    If released from Congress,
                                                                                                      WSAs recommended as
                                                                                                      non-suitable (Ant Hills,
                                                                                                      Chew Winter Camp,


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                 105
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                                                                                                           IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                           Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                       ALTERNATIVE B                     ALTERNATIVE C                      ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                                                                                           Peterson Draw, Vale of
                                                                                                           Tears)
                                                                                                         Vermillion Basin
                                                                                                         Dinosaur North
                                                                                                         Cold Springs Mountain
                                                                                                         Cedar Mountain SRMA
New ROWs and renewals and        New ROWs and renewals and       New ROWs and renewals and          New ROWs and renewals and
amendments of existing ROWs      amendments of existing ROWs     amendments of existing ROWs        amendments of existing ROWs
would not be authorized on XX    would not be authorized on XX   would not be authorized on XX      would not be authorized on XX
acres.                           acres.                          acres.                             acres.
I. Specific areas that are       ROW Avoidance:                  ROW Avoidance:                     ROW Avoidance:
    sensitive for siting major      VRM Class II                   VRM II                            Natural Systems ACECs
    rights-of-way are:
                                    Occupied black-footed          West Cold Springs WSA             Occupied black-footed ferret
     Little Yampa/Juniper
                                     ferret habitat.                If released from Congress,          habitat.
         Canyon SRMA (upper
                                                                      WSAs recommended as
         unit)
                                                                      non-suitable (Ant Hills,
     Lookout Mountain                                                Chew Winter Camp,
         ACEC                                                         Peterson Draw, Vale of
     Horse Draw                                                      Tears)
     Vermillion Creek                                              Cold Springs Mountain
     Ace-in-the-Hole                                               Cedar Mountain SRMA
     Vermillion Bluffs                                             Dinosaur North
     G Gap                                                         Vermillion Bluffs in
     Hells Canyon                                                    Vermillion Basin Zone 1
     Portions of Vermillion                                        Portions of Vermillion Basin
         Creek Drainage                                               Zone 2
     Sand Wash Drainage                                            Occupied black-footed ferret
     Buffalo                                                         habitat.
         Gulch/Twelvemile
         Mesa
     Little Snake River
     Sand Creek
     Conway Draw



LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                   106
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                                                                                                                      IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                               Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

        ALTERNATIVE A
                                           ALTERNATIVE B                         ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
 (NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
      Deception Creek
      Occupied black-footed
          ferret habitat.
Authorized actions for new          Authorized actions for new          Authorized actions for new ROWs        Authorized actions for new ROWs
ROWs and renewals and               ROWs and renewals and               and renewals and amendments of         and renewals and amendments of
amendments of existing ROWs         amendments of existing ROWs         existing ROWs would need to            existing ROWs would need to
would need to accommodate           would need to accommodate           accommodate design and siting          accommodate design and siting
design and siting requirements      design and siting requirements      requirements and associated costs      requirements and associated costs
and associated costs on XX          and associated costs on XX          on XX acres, which may restrict        on XX acres, which may restrict
acres, which may restrict           acres, which may restrict           placement and could possibly limit     placement and could possibly limit
placement and could possibly        placement and could possibly        future access, limit energy supply     future access, limit energy supply
limit future access, limit energy   limit future access, limit energy   (by restricting pipelines,             (by restricting pipelines,
supply (by restricting pipelines,   supply (by restricting pipelines,   transmission lines, and wind & solar   transmission lines, and wind & solar
transmission lines, and wind &      transmission lines, and wind &      projects), and limit communications.   projects), and limit communications.
solar projects), and limit          solar projects), and limit          Increased potential for requests for   Increased potential for requests for
communications. Increased           communications. Increased           new or amended and renewed             new or amended and renewed
potential for requests for new      potential for requests for new or   ROWs at existing sites to be denied.   ROWs at existing sites to be denied.
or amended and renewed              amended and renewed ROWs
ROWs at existing sites to be        at existing sites to be denied.
denied.
Easements




LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                                107
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                                                                                                                    IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                            Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                        ALTERNATIVE B                          ALTERNATIVE C                         ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
J. Pursue easements for          Same as Alternative A.              Actively pursue easements through       Same as Alternative C.
   access to public lands on a                                       specific parcels to improve access to
   case-by-case basis.                                               public lands for recreation use, such
                                                                     as hunting and fishing areas.

                                                                     Actively pursue easements for
                                                                     access to develop identified
                                                                     transportation and utility corridors.
Would allow easements for        Impacts would be the same as        Impacts would be the same as            Impacts would be the same as
access as needed.                Alternative A.                      Alternative A. In addition, actively    Alternative C.
                                                                     pursuing easements for access to
                                                                     develop identified utility corridors
                                                                     would ensure access is available to
                                                                     accommodate desired ROW
                                                                     locations.
Communication Sites
K. Review communication          All sites open except in ROW        Same as Alternative B.                  All new sites would utilize existing
   site proposals on a case-     exclusion areas. Priority goes to                                           sites.
   by-case basis.                use of existing sites to minimize
                                 number of total sites.                                                      Require best available technologies
                                                                                                             to reduce migratory bird
                                 Utilize, where possible, best                                               mortality(tower guy wires, etc)
                                 available technologies to reduce
                                 migratory bird mortality (tower
                                 guy wires, etc) .
Would allow site specific        New communication sites would       Impacts would be the same as            Restricting authorizations to
approval of communication        not be authorized in XX acres.      Alternative B.                          existing sites could impose greater
sites.                           Design requirements to reduce                                               standards for development at
                                 migratory bird mortality may                                                existing sites, potentially resulting
                                 increase project costs, could                                               requests for new or amended
                                 restrict placement of facilities                                            ROWs at existing sites to be denied
                                 and may limit future                                                        over time, may hinder inability to
                                                                                                             meet future demand as existing


LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                               108
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                                                                                                                  IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY


                                            Table X. IMPACTS TO LANDS AND REALTY

     ALTERNATIVE A
                                        ALTERNATIVE B                        ALTERNATIVE C                          ALTERNATIVE D
(NO ACTION ALTERNATIVE)
                                 communication improvements.                                               sites reach capacity.
                                                                                                           Design requirements to reduce
                                                                                                           migratory bird mortality may
                                                                                                           increase project costs, could restrict
                                                                                                           placement of facilities and may limit
                                                                                                           future communication impovements
Renewable Energy
L. Wind energy development       No access restrictions.            See ROW actions.                       See ROW actions.
   is processed on a case-by-
   case basis as a ROW
                                 Encourage wind energy              Encourage wind energy                  Same as Alternative C.
   action generally guided by
                                 development in areas rated         development in areas rated
   the criteria identified for
                                 Excellent and above (Map X).       Excellent and above (Map X) as
   major rights-of-way.
                                 Utilize, where possible, best      long as consistent with resource
                                 available technologies to reduce   objectives. Utilize, where possible,
                                 migratory bird mortality.          best available technologies to
                                                                    reduce migratory bird mortality.

M. Solar energy development      No access restrictions.            See ROW actions.                       See ROW actions.
   is processed on a case-by-
   case basis as a ROW
                                 Encourage solar energy             Encourage solar energy                 Same as Alternative C.
   action generally guided by
                                 development in the RMPPA.          development in the RMPPA as long
   the criteria identified for
                                                                    as consistent with resource
   major ROW.
                                                                    objectives.
Would allow site specific        Would foster wind and solar        Impacts would be the same as           Impacts would be the same as
approval of wind and solar       energy projects, and minimize      Alternative B. However, resource       Alternative C.
energy projects.                 restrictions.                      objectives may restrict placement or
                                                                    impose design requirements on
                                                                    solar projects.




LITTLE SNAKE RMP WORKING DOCUMENT                                                                                                              109
OCTOBER 2005

								
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