Partners In Flight by Biscuit350

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									Partners in Flight was created in 1990 due to concern over the status of neotropical migratory songbirds.

Neotropical migrants are birds that breed in temperate North America and spend the winter in the New World Tropics.

Migration Routes
1. Circum-Gulf 2. Trans-Gulf 3. Islands

Neotropical migratory birds that breed in North Carolina include:

Prairie Warbler
shrub-scrub specialist

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
mid-canopy specialist

Purple Martin
cavity nester

Barn Swallow
aerial forager

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Neotropical migratory birds face a variety of threats year-round:

• on breeding grounds • on wintering grounds • during migration

The Breeding Grounds
• Loss or alteration of breeding habitat
Hundreds of acres in the Southeastern U.S. are lost each day to development for new homes, industry and roads.

The Breeding Grounds
• Loss or alteration of breeding habitat
• Cowbirds

Cowbirds are obligate brood parasites
• lay eggs in other birds’ nests • host birds incubate • cowbirds hatch before hosts and are larger • cowbirds outcompete host young for food • many host young either do not survive or fledge in poor condition • female cowbird can lay 40-80 eggs in a season

The Breeding Grounds
• Loss or alteration of breeding habitat
• Cowbirds

• Natural nest predators

What’s for dinner?

• many predators, such as raccoons, patrol edges where two habitats come together

• some predators find and eat bird eggs and young
• other nest predators include crows, blue jays, rat snakes and other small mammals

The Breeding Grounds
• Loss or alteration of breeding habitat
• Cowbirds

• Natural nest predators

• Cats

Here, kitty-kitty!

!

Keep your cat indoors if at all possible!

The Wintering Grounds
• loss or alteration of winter habitat
• slash and burn techniques lead to deforestation • hundreds of acres are cleared each day in tropical areas • habitat is often cleared for agriculture

Agriculture, such as sun coffee, creates problems for migrant and resident birds in tropical countries:
• sun coffee plantations support little in the way of insects needed by foraging birds
• agricultural tracts are often heavily treated with pesticides including DDT

The Wintering Grounds
• loss or alteration of winter habitat • human population growth

Human population growth takes quality habitat from birds.

Migration
• loss or alteration of stopover habitat

• stopover areas along coastlines have been altered or destroyed

• birds can’t rest and refuel after migration without stopover areas

The Indigo Bunting is an example of a migratory bird that flies non-stop across the Gulf of Mexico during Spring and Fall migration.

Migration
• loss or alteration of stopover habitat

• loss or alteration of travel corridors

Birds often use riparian corridors during migration.

The Prothonotary Warbler relies heavily on riparian areas during migration and breeding.

Migration
• loss or alteration of stopover habitat

• loss or alteration of travel corridors
• lack of adequate food sources
Pesticides and habitat loss often create a “food shortage” for migrating birds.

Migration
• loss or alteration of stopover habitat

• loss or alteration of travel corridors
• lack of adequate food sources

• collisions with towers and buildings

Millions of birds are killed each year when they run into buildings, towers and even aircraft.

Migration
• loss or alteration of stopover habitat

• loss or alteration of travel corridors
• lack of adequate food sources

• collisions with towers and buildings

• storms

Hurricanes and other strong storms can prove fatal to migrating birds.

Partners in Flight in North Carolina is coordinated by the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission

NCPIF has local, state and federal agencies, conservation organizations, industry, academia and others watching out for birds.

• US Fish and Wildlife Service • National Park Service • US Forest Service • NC Natural Heritage Program • NC State Parks • NC Museum of Natural Sciences

• The Nature Conservancy • Audubon NC • Dept. of Defense • Colleges/Universities • Forest Products Industry • Local governments • Wildlife Commission

Through a network of partnerships, help provide for effective conservation of North Carolina’s migratory birds and the diversity of habitats upon which they depend.

Vision Statement

Mission Statement
North Carolina Partners In Flight is a cooperative effort involving government agencies, private industry, conservation organizations, the academic community and citizens to further bird conservation. The primary focus of the NCPIF program is to coordinate and promote education, habitat conservation and monitoring and research efforts among partners.

NCPIF Goals and Objectives
• Conduct and facilitate cooperative special events throughout North Carolina

Events include:
• Annual

meeting

• Steering Committee meetings • Working group meetings • Cooperative meetings

•International Migratory Bird Day

NCPIF Goals and Objectives
• Conduct and facilitate cooperative special events throughout North Carolina • Promote and facilitate communication and cooperation regarding furthering migratory bird conservation in North Carolina

The NCPIF web site, newsletter and other educational materials provide information about migratory birds.

Wildlife Profiles of 20 neotropical migratory birds are also found on the NC PIF web site.

NCPIF Goals and Objectives
• Conduct and facilitate cooperative special events throughout North Carolina • Promote and facilitate communication and cooperation regarding furthering migratory bird conservation in North Carolina • Promote, support, and relay information relating to research, education and habitat conservation for migratory birds

The Citizens Guide to Migratory Bird Conservation promotes the conservation of migratory birds.

NCPIF Goals and Objectives
• Conduct and promote training for natural resource professionals and others on bird identification, habitat management and natural history

Volunteer !

Volunteer Opportunities
• Monitoring efforts
• Point counts • Breeding Bird Survey

• Research projects

• Bird banding

Volunteer Opportunities
• Monitoring efforts • Make your property bird friendly Use native plants

Use a variety of feeders

Brush piles provide cover and escape areas.

Water sources are essential for birds. This could be a simple bird bath or a decorative water garden.

Volunteer Opportunities
• Monitoring efforts • Make your property bird friendly • Educate yourself
• Attend bird workshops • Join a bird club

• Read about birds

Volunteer Opportunities
• Monitoring efforts • Make your property bird friendly • Educate yourself • Donations
To help NC PIF, you can contribute directly to the Nongame and Endangered Wildlife Fund of the NCWRC.

For more information, contact (919) 733-7291 or www.ncwildlife.org

Volunteer Opportunities
• Monitoring efforts • Make your property bird friendly • Educate yourself • Donations • Learn more about NCPIF

www.faculty.ncwc.edu/mbrooks/pif/
Mark Johns Partners In Flight Biologist johnsme@mindspring.com


								
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