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					                             Fisheries and Oceans Pêches et Océans
                             Canada               Canada




Fisheries and Oceans Canada – Update
      on Environmental Process
          Modernization Plan
               (EPMP)



   Meeting with Non-Governmental Organizations

                October 12, 2005
                    Ottawa
                                       Overview
Background

EPMP Progress

Discussion
                •   Background

                •   Progress on Implementing the EPMP

                •   Discussion




                                                        2
                                        EPMP Background
Background
                •   Environmental Process Modernization Plan (EPMP) – a
EPMP Progress       comprehensive continuous improvement plan launched in
                    2004 to make the Habitat Management Program more:
Discussion
                     •   Effective in the conservation and protection of fish habitat
                     •   Efficient, transparent and predictable in delivery of its services
Annexes
                     •   Integrated with the priorities of governments and partners

                •   Initial focus on five elements:

                     •   Risk Management Framework (RMF)
                     •   Streamlining Regulatory Reviews
                     •   Coherent and Predictable Decision-Making
                     •   New Management Model for Major Projects and Environmental
                         Assessments
                     •   Enhanced Partnering

                •   EPMP represents a significant contribution to „Smart
                    Regulation‟ agenda
                •   Provinces, territories, industry, NGOs and Aboriginals
                    consulted on the EPMP
                                                                                              3
                       1. Risk Management Framework
Background
                • A science-based approach to the delivery of DFO‟s
EPMP Progress     regulatory responsibilities for managing habitat
                  referrals under the Fisheries Act based on risk
Discussion         •   Recognizes that not all habitats are of equal importance to the
                       production of fish and clarifies the „rules of the game‟, allowing
Annexes                DFO to focus on projects that pose the highest risk to fish
                       habitat.


                • The RMF has two components:
                   •   Pathways of Effects (PoE) – PoEs show, at a glance, the
                       effects to fish habitat caused by a given development activity,
                       and how these effects can be mitigated. (See Annex 1 for list
                       and an example.)

                   •   Risk Matrix – allows activities to be classified based on
                       severity of impact on, and sensitivity of, given fish habitat and
                       identify appropriate management tools to protect fish habitat
                       based on risk.




                                                                                            4
                                              RMF – Risk Matrix
Background

EPMP Progress   Scale of                              Sensitivity of fish and fish habitat
                Negative




                           Rare
                 Effect                                                                                        Not fish
                                  Highly sensitive     Moderately sensitive                  Low sensitivity
                                                                                                               habitat
Discussion

Annexes          High




                Medium




                  Low




                 None                                No impact - no Fisheries Act requirements




                                                                                                                          5
                EPMP Progress: Risk Management
                          Framework

Background
                • Developed 23 Pathways of Effects (PoEs) to clarify
EPMP Progress
                  cause and effect for most activities (See Annex 1)

Discussion
                • Established a Risk Matrix to provide guidance on
Annexes           establishing risks to fish habitat and the management
                  tools to apply to low, medium and high risk activities


                • Developed guidance on applying risk management for
                  staff (e.g. Guide on Risk Management)




                                                                       6
                   2. Streamlining Regulatory Reviews
Background

EPMP Progress   • Clarify the “rules of the game” for all concerned,
                  allowing proponents and other jurisdictions to
Discussion        incorporate DFO requirements into their guidelines,
                  codes of practice and permitting processes
Annexes

                • Focus in 2004 – 2005 has been on streamlining reviews
                  of low risk projects and developing single window
                  delivery with partners.




                                                                          7
                       EPMP Progress: Streamlining
                          Regulatory Reviews
                • Tools developed to streamline low risk projects
Background         • 13 Operational Statements to date, with 5 more nearing
                     completion, See Annex 2
EPMP Progress
                • Discussions on one-window delivery of low risk
Discussion        projects underway with Provinces, further to CCFAM
                  direction
Annexes
                • Working with national industry associations on
                  integrating Risk Management Framework, PoEs and
                  Operational Statements in industry Best
                  Management Practices (BMPs)
                • Also working with a coalition of national conservation
                  NGOs, the Federation of Canadian Municipalities
                  (FCM) and Aboriginal groups through the Aboriginal
                  Inland Habitat Program (AIHP)

                                                                              8
                  3. Coherent and Predictable Decision-
                                 Making
                • National coherence and predictability in decision
Background        making are critical for program fairness and
                  credibility
EPMP Progress

Discussion      • Number of internal measures now in place to
Annexes
                  improve predictability of outcomes across the
                  program:
                   - Mandatory Training for all staff
                   - Strengthened Governance structure
                   - National Operating Policies




                                                                      9
                   4. New Management Model for Major
                       Projects and Environmental
                              Assessments
Background

EPMP Progress   • Pressure from a variety of external sources, and
                  growing recognition internally, that our EA process
Discussion
                  needed improvement, and that “major projects”
Annexes           needed to be managed differently than routine
                  projects

                • DFO approved governance, organizational and
                  policy changes to provide for more effective and
                  timely EAs for Major Projects.




                                                                        10
                    EPMP Progress: New Management
                      Model for Major Projects and
                      Environmental Assessments
Background

EPMP Progress
                Organizational:
                • New organizational structure and positions for
Discussion
                  environmental assessments for major projects
Annexes         Management:
                • Accountabilities clarified and strengthened through
                  sign-off protocols for major projects
                Policy:
                • Early CEAA triggering policy and “broader scoping”
                  policy



                                                                    11
                            5. Enhanced Partnering

Background      • Overlapping responsibilities/interests with provinces,
                  and interest from NGOs, Aboriginals, Industry
EPMP Progress
                  Associations and others to work with DFO to
Discussion
                  address fish habitat issues

Annexes
                • Requires a collaborative approach to align efforts,
                  clarify roles, maximize use of resources, and better
                  serve Canadians.

                • EPMP serving as a strong basis upon which DFO is
                  constructively engaging partners



                                                                      12
                 EPMP Progress: Enhanced Partnering

Background      • MOUs with NS, PEI, Manitoba and BC

EPMP Progress
                • Aboriginal Inland Habitat Program (AIHP)
Discussion

Annexes         • Agreements with Canadian Electricity Association
                  (CEA) and with seven National Resource Industry
                  Associations (NRIA)


                • Discussions with Coalition of Conservation NGOs,
                  Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM),
                  Transportation Association of Canada (TAC),
                  AAFC/PFRA (National Agri-Environmental Service)

                                                                     13
                  6. Habitat Compliance Modernization

Background      • A new, sixth element of the EPMP - Habitat
                  Compliance Modernization (HCM) - recognizes
EPMP Progress     and resources a modern approach to
Discussion
                  compliance

Annexes
                • Focus of HCM is to improve level of compliance
                  by:
                   • Promoting compliance through a spectrum of activities –
                     from education to enforcement – now that the „rules of the
                     game‟ have been clarified
                   • Strengthening monitoring and auditing compliance with, and
                     effectiveness of, mitigation and compensation measures;
                     and
                   • Addressing non-compliance through a number of
                     mechanisms including laying of charges under the Fisheries
                     Act where necessary and mapped against a Risk
                     Management Framework.
                                                                              14
Background      Habitat Compliance Framework
EPMP Progress

Discussion

Annexes




                                               15
                 EPMP Progress: Change Management
                             Strategy
Background
                • Nature, volume and pace of EPMP implementation
EPMP Progress     represents significant change for employees
Discussion
                • A Change Management Strategy is being implemented
Annexes           that focuses on:
                   • A Renewed Vision
                   • Communications
                   • National and regional implementation plans




                                                                      16
                                HMP and NGOs

                • Long standing formal and informal collaboration
Background        with local and regional NGOs across Canada
EPMP Progress   • Pacific Salmon Endowment Fund established to
                  support priority voluntary initiatives
Discussion
                • Atlantic Salmon Endowment Fund announced in
Annexes           Budget 2005
                • 4 Voluntary Sector initiatives funded, one of
                  which resulted in emerging National Watershed
                  Stewardship Coalition
                • Significant support to establish Stewardship
                  Canada Portal
                • Working with a Coalition of 7 national/regional
                  NGOs to establish a framework for collaboration
                  (ASF, DUC, NC, NCC, TUC, WHC, PSF)              17
                   EPMP Progress: Partnering with NGO
                               Coalition
Background
                Draft Framework Arising From May 2005 National Workshop
EPMP Progress   Stewardship:
                • Common definition; Identify gaps in stewardship portals
Discussion
                Integrated Planning:
Annexes         • Status report on watershed planning initiatives; Identify
                   watersheds at risk and assign priorities in each jurisdiction for
                   integrated watershed management plans
                Regulatory:
                • Hold DFO-NGO regional workshops to foster cooperative
                   initiatives; Hold an EPMP update meeting
                Education and Awareness:
                • Article about DFO-NGO coalition initiative in the 7 membership
                   newsletters to strengthen awareness, collaboration, financial
                   support and regional buy-in
                Governance & Membership
                • Invite CWF and WWF to join; Prepare draft agreement of
                   cooperation along lines of NRIA for signature by Minister and
                   NGO Presidents
                                                                                   18
Background

EPMP Progress

Discussion

Annexes



                DISCUSSION




                             19
Background

EPMP Progress

Discussion

Annexes



                ANNEXES




                          20
                          Annex 1: Pathways of Effects
Background
                Land-based activities:
                1. Vegetation Clearing
EPMP Progress
                2. Grading
                3. Excavation
Discussion      4. Industrial Equipment
                5. Use of Explosives
Annexes         6. Cleaning or Maintenance of Bridges or Other Structures
                7. Riparian Planting
                8. Streamside Livestock Grazing
                In Water Activities
                1. Marine Seismic Surveys
                2. Industrial Equipment
                3. Use of Explosives
                4. Placement of Material or Structures in Water
                5. Addition or Removal of Aquatic Vegetation
                6. Change in Timing, Duration and Frequency of Flow
                7. Fish Passage Issues
                8. Structure Removal
                9. Dredging
                10. Water Extraction
                11. Organic Debris Management
                12. Wastewater Management
                13. Placement of Marine Finfish Aquaculture Site            21
                RMF – Example Pathway of Effects
Background

EPMP Progress

Discussion

Annexes




                                                   22
                      Annex 2: Operational Statements
Background

EPMP Progress   1.    Aquatic Vegetation Removal
                2.    Beach Creation
Discussion      3.    Beach Maintenance (draft)
                4.    Beaver Dam Removal
Annexes         5.    Bridge Maintenance
                6.    Clear-Span Bridges
                7.    Culvert Maintenance
                8.    Culvert Replacement (draft)
                9.    Directional Drilling
                10.   Dock Construction
                11.   Ice Bridges
                12.   Isolated Pond Construction
                13.   Log Salvage (draft)
                14.   Maintenance of Riparian Vegetation in Right-of-ways (draft)
                15.   Moorings (draft)
                16.   Routine Maintenance Dredging
                17.   Overhead Line Construction
                18.   Underwater Cables                                        23

				
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