EPS - Smart Grids

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					Rocky Mountain Smart Grid Initiative
   Framework for Large-scale, Synergistic,
     Smart Grid Demonstration Projects
 Overview


1. What is the Smart Grid?
2. What’s next for Smart Grids?
3. Types of Smart Grid Projects
4. Regional Strategy from Project Synergies
5. Rocky Mountain Smart Grid Initiative Concept
6. Discussion

                                                  2
    Today’s Electric
     Power System

•    Centralized
•    One-way power flow
•    Regulated Monopoly
•    Generation
•    Transmission
•    Distribution
•    Retail
        Industrial
        Commercial
        Residential
        Inflexible demand
•    Aging Infrastructure
•    Manual operations
•    Increasing renewables
•    Lacks interoperability
                        3
What is a Smart Grid?
Common infrastructure for grid mgmt and services

   END USE        ENERGY SERVICES      DISTRIBUTION      TRANSMISSION

SMART APPLIANCE    ENERGY MGMT          ASSET MGMT        ASSET MGMT
 DEMAND MGMT       AGGREGATION         OUTAGE MGMT        SCHEDULING
  GENERATION       RENEWABLES         METERING/BILLING   PWR TRANSFER


             NETWORK             ADAPTERS

                            SMART GRID



  BASELOAD         BALANCING           REGULATIONS        COMMODITY
  RESERVES          MARKETS            MONITORING         ANCILLARY
 RENEWABLES       SYS PLANNING         COMPLIANCE           RECs

  GENERATION           ISO/RTO         REGULATORY          MARKETS

                                                                        4
       Smart Grid: Integrating Devices,
      Controls, Contracts, and Operations
Key
                                                 Supply Side   Demand Side
          Coordination
          Energy Flow
                                     Wholesale
                                                                             Customer
 Smart Grid Control                   Traders
                                                                  ESP
 Smart Grid Operations     RTO/ISO                 Retailco                     RE




                                                                               Load

 RE/DG           Transco                            Disco

                                                                  Smart
                                                                               EMS
                                                                  Bridge



Smart Grid Technologies are applied all along                                  Smart
                                                                             Appliances
the power system value chain, from device
and system control to customer interactions
                                                                                DR
and buy/sell transactions.
         Smart Grid R&D Landscape


                FEDERAL             STATE             INDUSTRY              OTHER


 Policy and
                FERC/NERC                                    EEI
 Regulation
                EISA-2007                                    GridWise        European
   Vision,                                                   Alliance
                              GridWise Architecture                         Smart Grids
 Standards,                                                                 Technology
                                    Council                   Galvin
 Biz Model                                                                   Platform
                                                             Initiative
                DOE SGTF
Sys Integ and
                Modern Grid        DOE RDSI           Utilities
   Demo
  Projects       GridWise
                                       CEC PIER                              IEEE
                 Program                                    EPRI
Research and
                   National Labs       NYSERDA                            Universities
Development

                                                                                         6
Next Phase of Smart Grid Development


• Title XIII of the Energy Independence and
  Security Act (EISA) of 2007 established a
  national framework for Smart Grid adoption
• American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of
  2009 authorized funds ($4.5B) for
  implementation of Smart Grid programs
• Regions, Utilities, and other electric power
  system stakeholders are accelerating plans to
  deploy smart grid programs
                                                  7
          Types of Smart Grid Projects

Smart Grid projects can be broadly classified into:
   •   Reliability and Security Projects
   •   DG and Renewables Integration Projects
   •   AMI, Demand response, and Customer Service Projs
Smart Grids can be designed to serve:
   •   Utility Operations and Energy Consumers
   •   Energy Management for Customer Owned Systems
   •   Zero Energy Districts
   •   Infrastructure Security (Rapid Islanding, self-healing)
                                                                 8
     Who Needs Smart Grids?

                      Utilities




Campuses

                                                 Individual
                    Smart                       Consumers
                     Grid




        Project
                                  Appliances, Equipment,
       Developers
                                   and System Vendors
                                                              9
        What are Smart Grids for?

                      Power System
                        Reliability




Infrastructure
   Security                                   Renewable and
                                             Distributed Power
                      Smart                     Integration
                       Grid




           Carbon
         Management             System Operations

                                                             10
           How do Smart Grids Scale?

                           Multiple
                           Utilities




Transmission System
     Operations
                                                    Micro-grids or managed
                                                        energy systems
                          Smart
                           Grid




              Market
             Operations                Transportation/
                                       Electric Vehicles
                                                                      11
        Strategic Value of Smart Grids

Smart Grids are strategically situated at the intersection of:
   •   Energy Independence,
   •   Infrastructure Security, and
   •   Carbon Mitigation
To date, most Smart Grid projects have been Utility-centric
and heavily focused on AMI and Demand Management
There is a pressing need to demonstrate the broad-
based value of Smart Grids in all three areas
Our region is well positioned to lead this charge and
develop a comprehensive model for the nation
                                                             12
Multi-Utility, Multi-Objective,
    Smart Grid Projects
                                  FE Warren AFB

           Ft. Collins ZED
                                  PV REA


    Xcel Smart Grid City



               CO Springs Util

                                   Petersen AFB
               Fort Carson


                                 Black Hills Energy




                                                      13
   Rocky Mountain Smart Grid Initiative - Concept

Transmission Pacificorp    Xcel     PRPA          TriState     Xcel CS UtilitiesBlack Hills



                              Inter-Utility Smart Grid Communication Network


                   Cheyenne       PVREA FC Utilities           Xcel    CS Utilities
Distribution       L&P


                    1                 2                    3                          4

Smart Grid                                                                      Air Force
                 FEW AFB            FortZED            SmartGridCity
Projects                                                                        Academy




Transportation                             5   TransGrid

                                                                                      14
                    Call to Action

Develop a coupled set of Smart Grid Projects to demonstrate:
   •   Utility and Consumer Benefits
   •   Zero Energy Districts
   •   Large-scale renewables integration
   •   Defense applications
   •   Bottom-up Infrastructure and Cyber Security
Demonstrate how Smart Grids contribute towards Energy
Independence, Infrastructure Security, and Carbon Mitigation
Demonstrate scalability and replicability for the project to
serve as a model for the nation
                                                               15
                   Next Steps


•   Identify complementary projects and teams
•   Leverage existing projects
•   Identify synergies and corresponding design criteria
•   Build project collaboration model
•   Gain local, State, and Federal support for the project
•   Build detailed project plans and funding strategy
•   Become the first region in the Country to demonstrate a
    fully integrated, multi-utility, multi-objective smart grid in
    action!
                                                              16
Participants
(To be finalized)




                    17
                       Q&A



                   Thank you


   Dr. Ronald Sega             Dr. Sunil Cherian
Ron.Sega@colostate.edu          sunil@spirae.com
     970.491.7067                 970.484.8259

  Woodward Chair of                 Spirae, Inc.
 Systems Engineering         255 Linden St., Suite 201
Colorado State University     Fort Collins, CO 80524
 Fort Collins, CO 80523          www.spirae.com
   www.colostate.edu           www.integridlab.com