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					Howard Abadinsky




    Eighth Edition
THE AMERICAN MAFIA
        THE AMERICAN MAFIA

By early 1900, about 500,000 Italian immigrants
lived in New York City.
When official government proved unable to
meet Italian immigrants’ needs, the Mafia
assumed de facto power in the neighborhoods.
Blocked from access to legitimate success, the
Mafia fell back on illegitimate activities that
reliably yielded power and money.
By 1930, two OC factions operated in New York:
     • Masseria’s group in East Harlem
     • Maranzano’s group in midtown
The struggle for domination of OC in New York
was called the “Castellammarese war.”
Masseria lost when gunned down in April 1931.
Maranzano’s old-world style alienated his men;
they solved the problem by gunning him down
in September 1931.
Lucky Luciano became most important Italian
OC figure in New York.
Other key New York Mafia figures include:
The Luciano/Genovese Family—
          • Frank Costello
          • Vito Genovese
          • Vincenzo “Chin” Gigante
The Mineo/Gambino Family—
          •   Al Mineo
          •   Frank Scalese
          •   Albert Anastasia
          •   Carlo Gambino
          •   John Gotti
The Reina/Lucchese Family—
         • Gaetano “Tommy” Reina
         • Thomas Lucchese
The Profaci/Colombo Family—
         • Joseph Profaci
         • Joseph Colombo
         • Carmine Persico
The Bonanno Family—
         • Joe “Don Peppino” Bonanno
           CHICAGO’S OUTFIT
• OC in Chicago is traceable to mayor’s race
  of 1873, when Mike McDonald backed the
  winning candidate.
• Until he died in 1907, McDonald controlled
  mayors, congressmen, and senators.
• McDonald also controlled gambling, bribed
  police and city officials, and influenced
  every election via biased articles in his
  newspaper, The Globe.
Other key figures in Chicago OC include:
      •   Michael “Hinky Dink” Kenna
      •   John “Bathhouse” Coughlin
      •   James “Diamond Jim” Colosimo
      •   Johnny Torrio
      •   Alphonse “Scarface” Capone
      •   Dion O’Bannion
      •   Frank Nitti
      •   Paul Ricca
      •   Tony Accardo
      •   Sam Giancana
      •   Joseph Ferriola
      •   Sam Carlisi
      •   John “No-Nose” DiFronzo
          CHICAGO STREET CREWS
While New York OC has five Families, Chicago’s
Outfit is organized as street crews; each crew is
associated with a geographic area.
Gambling is a primary activity of each crew, but
crews also have criminal specialties:
  •   Grand Avenue: burglary
  •   26th Street: truck hijacking
  •   North Side/Rush Street: prostitution, porn
  •   Chicago Heights: auto theft, chop shops
  •   Grand Street and Elmwood Park: theft from
      semitrailers parked in railway freight yards
American Mafia Structure: New York
• Basic OC unit is the Family
• Membership constitutes a “franchise”
• Members are independent, not employees
• Members pursue their own moneymaking
  schemes, share profits with the Family
• Members who are good earners may be
  promoted to caporegime (captain)
• Membership draws interest of/attention
  from law enforcement
         THE COMMISSION
The bosses of New York’s OC Families
    constitute a commission that:
• Regulates and facilitates relationships
• Promotes and facilitates joint ventures
• Resolves actual and potential disputes
• Regulates criminal activities
• Recognizes new bosses
• Resolves leadership disputes
          AMERICAN MAFIA RULES
• Always show respect to those who command it.
• Report any failure to show respect to your patron
  immediately.
• Violence must be used, even if only of a limited
  type, to ensure respect.
• Never ask for surnames.
• Never resort to violence in a dispute with a
  member or associate of another Family.
• Never resort to, or even threaten, violence in a
  dispute with a member of your Family.
• Do not use the telephone except to arrange for a
  meeting, preferably in code, from which you will
  then travel to a safe place to discuss business.
• When discussing business, avoid specifics
  beyond those necessary for understanding.
• Keep your mouth shut—anything you hear or see
  stays with you, in your head; do not talk about it.
• Do not ask unnecessary questions; information
  given to you is all you need to do your job.
• Never engage in homosexual activities.
• Patrons arranging for parties to work together
  assume responsibility for arbitrating disputes
  between the parties.
• The boss can unilaterally direct violence, including
  murder, against any member of his Family, but
  cannot engage in murder-for-hire to make a
  profit from murder.
• The boss cannot use violence against a member
  or close associate of another Family without prior
  consultation with that Family’s boss.
• The principal form of security is an elaborate
  system of referral and vouching.
• Vouching for someone discovered as an informant
  or undercover officer earns the death penalty.
        CHICAGO OPERATIONS
Chicago OC has always been a cooperative
venture between groups.
• There are no independent entrepreneurs;
  bosses make important decisions.
The Outfit’s boss is akin to a CEO assisted
by influential senior members.
• He controls three area bosses.
• He settles disputes between street crews.
• He maintains relations with corrupt public
  officials and OC groups in other cities.
• Area bosses control their street crews.
• Crews are independent of other crews.