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What is winpe


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									What is winpe
Windows PreInstallation Environment (WinPE) is direct from the literal
translation of "Windows Preinstallation
Environment", Microsoft in July 22, 2002 release, its
original interpretation was: "Windows Preinstallation
Environment (WinPE) is a limited service with the minimum Win32
subsystem, to protected mode on Windows XP Professional-core. It
includes running Windows °²×° procedures and scripts, Lian Jie network
share, automate basic Guochengyiji the minimum required for the
implementation of hardware Yan Zheng function. "In other
words, you put WinPE Kan Ke for a minimum of core services with only
Mini OS. Microsoft provides winpe only support dos style command line.

We now see the PE, in fact that Microsoft has not had PE. 2002, the
Dutch have developed a breakthrough for the Bart PE to add a variety
of system files for XP PE wear beautiful clothes, so that PE into our
daily lives. He's Bart's PE Builder software is the
main tool for making winpe.
Here are details and the latest winpe download.
References: http://www.qwnet.net/wz/new.asp?id=14

winpe Windows Preinstallation Environment (WinPE) (Windows
Pre-installation Environment) based in the protected mode kernel
running WindowsXP Personal Edition is a place with only small (but
very core) services, Win32 subsystem. These services for the Windows
installation for network sharing, auto-handling process and the
achievement of low-level hardware verification.
WinPE allows you to create and format the hard disk partition, and
give you access to NTFS file system partition and the internal network
permissions. The pre-installation environment can be used to support
all of Windows2000 and WindowsXP-driven mass storage device, you can
easily add new device drivers.
WinPE can help you use the existing MS-DOS-based tool to convert
32-bit WindowsAPIs, so your standard development environment (such as
Microsoft VisualStudio) in more easily maintain these applications.
WinPE contains the hardware diagnostic tools, and other pre-installing
WindowsXP driver supports standard, you do not need any other special
duties. For application developers in terms of, you can focus on
procedures for diagnosis, debugging and development aspects.
winpe most commonly used functions: The optical disk system WINPE
easily change the system password
How to change the Win2K and WinXP system administrator password in th
network and some magazines have also introduced several times,
although some way useful, but for me in terms of other side dishes, or
some complicated, the slightest negligence, there may be
"laughable "Ha ha! This does not, I found a very
simple way to change the administrator password, using WINPE - an
operating system running on the CD, as long as a few minutes, you can
easy to get the administrator's password, that scene will Let
your worship MM Index N percentage points!
The first step: downloaded from the Internet, "leaves the
mountains Pocket System Toolbox", a WinPE CD-ROM of the
operating system software integration, micro-Linux systems, and many
useful DOS program, the software for the ISO format and burn directly
to guide disc capacity of 200 multi-trillion, a small 8 cm discs can
be loaded, the easy to carry, it is an indispensable tool for computer
Step Two: Set the CMOS in the boot sequence from the CDROM boot, int
the recording of the "mountain leaves" CD, reboot
the system into "the mountain leaves" Start menu,
select the first "[1] Windows PE (XP) CD-ROM Kit
"Start WINPE system. The system simulation XP interface, so
start the process and the XP boot process, the show's start
screen or "WINXP Profreeional" too! In the drive
light and hard disk light flash crazy after a while, the system boot
to complete, the desktop background quite shock people!
Step Three: Click "Start - Powerful system recovery ERD 2003
- the first in this set the current system directory! (Current
=)" in the pop-up "Browse Folder" window
select WIN2K or WINXP system Windows directory. Then still enter the
"powerful System Repair ERD 2003" menu, select
"Edit User Password (LockSmith)", then follow the
step by step guide LockSmith operation, set a new password in the
account when the account is the default display
"Administrator", Click Account in the drop-down
arrow, select the account to change your password, and then
"New Password" and "Confirm
password" box enter the new password, next to complete the
password changes.
Step Four: Click WINPE system "start - reboot the
system" in the restart process to eject the disc into the
normal WIN2K or WINXP system and select just change the account
number, enter the revised code, the screen shows the user information
is being loaded ... ... shows that the password change successful.
Modify the system administrator password is only WINPE a functional,
it also has more practical features, leave friends, time and study on
it, have a good experience-sharing do not forgot to come out Oh!
Test environment: NTFS + WINXP
Related information: - Windows PreInstallation Environment-depth study

Windows PreInstallation Environment (WinPE) directly from the literal
translation is "Windows Preinstallation
Environment", Microsoft in July 22, 2002 release, its
original interpretation was: "Windows Preinstallation
Environment (WinPE) is a limited service with the minimum Win32
subsystem, based on the protection mode of Windows XP Professional
kernel. It includes the Windows installation program and run the
script, connect to the network share, automate basic processes, and
verify the implementation of the minimum required hardware
functionality. "In other words, you can see the WinPE for a
minimum of core services with only Mini OS. Microsoft released an
operating system so of course, because it has a different system
functions, if use a word to explain, I think, compared with
Win9X/2000/XP, WinPE is a major difference: it can create its own
custom bootable copy of ensuring core services you need while
maintaining minimum operating system volume, but it also is a standard
32-bit Windows API, system platform. Of course, so that may be
difficult to understand, does not matter, let's examine it.
WinPE Overview
Even if just to explain, you must be on the new concept or Mini OS
confused, does not matter, Zai Here I will demonstrate what its
operation the whole process of reading Zhi Hou Xiang Xin Jiu Hui you
may have a general understanding. Most people get the WinPE CD-ROM
(including the ISO image I have this CD-ROM) should be a
"Windows XP OPK" CD, meaning that Windows XP O
Preinstallation Kit CD. In fact, Windows XP OPK CD is WinPE 32-bit
version of a bootable copy of, say, this CD has been produced is
defined with the WinPE operating system, we can directly use it to
boot. Take a look at this CD's directory structure it, a total
of 352MB, is not there one? In fact, because this is a copy of (at
least a lot of drivers), the size of the decision made by the custom
at that time, and if the WinPE 32-bit non-customized version of its
disk image is about 120MB.
1. Boot WinPE
I take into account issues such as the network environment, the main
use of the environment and the Vmware virtual machine Virtual PC
virtual machine, but the two virtual machine environment and almost
indistinguishable from the real PC environment (that is, if you do not
know the virtual machine does not matter, let him directly in the real
PC is running).
BIOS set to boot into the drive and start the system, when the screen
appears "Press any key boot from cd", press any key
to boot from the CD-ROM on the WinPE boot. If your storage device
driver is not supported, press the F6 key during startup to load
special device drivers. When the boot to the desktop, such as when the
system will adjust the resolution to do some work, and finally open
the default CMD command-line interpretation tools, we look at, is not
already entered a similar WINXP operating system has it.
Can see the desktop, empty, do not expect to get click of the mouse to
point, after all, what kind of application programs are not installed
in the smallest graphic operating system. But it really is a standard
Windows environment, the disc with Notepad, the command line, enter
"Notepad" and ENTER to open; another even though
executable on the disc with a limited command-line tool, but obviously
you can own Add, to see what is this? Yes, we are most familiar with
the mine game (now know the first question referred to the bar, huh,
huh), get it right the first play, which is the author of the WinXP
operating system familiar from the addition of the (very simple to use
ISO Tools copyed just image files directly on it).
Back then come before the CMD command-line tool bar. The default
directory is \ I386 \ system32 \, enter the command line "dir
*. exe / w" to see what can be running. Here we actually look
at the individual user meaningful WinPE operating characteristics.
In the CD-ROM image can be also seen 32-bit and 64-bit operating
system tools, in terms of individual users, you can boot it directly
without installing any system of machinery, and in its 32-bit system
to achieve many of the features, which will elaborate later.
2.WinPE support network
Dir just when we see the ping command, the reader should be familiar
with this command are aware, only installed the TCP / IP protocol to
use, then the just-do, first try to ping its own right, in CMD type
"ping ", Enter it out, obviously can ping
through, that shows TCP / IP protocol is part of the run. Then try
another CD command IPConfig, type run, see IP address is automatically
assigned better. Since the network has indeed connected to the actual
operation that we use it (there may be a lot of contacts from the
Windows system started operating the computer friend would know what
to do, in fact, is not so difficult to imagine, you can use the
command in CMD Tools with "/?" parameter to check
the specific use, if already installed on your machine XP, so check
the Help Center is more convenient, more experimental look to master
the command line you will find a lot easier later).
Now my physical machine and virtual organizations has become a virtual
network, using the CD-ROM image of the net command, type in the
virtual machine "net view" view has been connected
to the server, the server shown here "XQ-B6QAS26953
EC", the name of that virtual machine has a network
connection to my physical machine. My physical machine has a folder
called TUKU has been shared, so then type "net use e: \ \
XQ-B6QAS26953EC \ TUKU", means sharing a physical machi
virtual machines directory TUKU mirror on the E plate, after the
success of freedom in the virtual machine to access a shared
directory, then you can do it through the remote installation and so
on. Net command there are many parameters, they can access and more
attempts before they can play a strong network WinPE environment
function, simply access the server if the above two command the basic
parameters is sufficient. But here's the machine to remember
to use WinPE operating system can access other machines, and reverse
operation is not, this is because WinPE own constraints, we revisit
this issue later. Facts, WinPE can start after the network
3. Use WinPE to create, delete, format and management of NTFS file
system partition
For individual users, this feature was very useful and convenient. But
many friends in the dir to complain after completion, how only
format.com, not fdisk, ah, no way partition Well. In fact, this is a
misunderstanding, Windows XP disk management for the work of a
dedicated command line tool DiskPart.exe, it is a text mode command
interpreter that allows you by using scripts or direct input from the
command prompt to manage objects (disks , area or volume), WinPE use
of course DiskPart.
Type in CMD mode "diskpart" and press Enter to ent
DiskPart command line interpreter. Type "list disk",
showing two hard drives, respectively, disk 0 and disk 1. Type
"select disk = 0" implementation, meaning select the
specified disk, and will shift the focus to this disk, all for the
next operation on it (behind the operation are the same, in the disk,
partition or volume, use the DiskPart command prior to the first
object list, then select the object to the focus, only the object has
focus, the type of the object before any DiskPart order to operate).
Type "detail disk" to view details of Disk 0, Disk 0
is now the active partition is a C, the format is FAT32, capacity of
16G. Here we practice the Disk 0 is divided into two areas, namely
NTFS format of 8G FAT32 primary partition and format C 8G logical
partition D, and a whole disk partition to FAT32 format on disk E to
demonstrate the management of WinPE Operation:
(1) implementation of the "select disk = 0", will
focus to disk 0. Implementation of the "select partition
1", will focus on activities to partition disk 0 C above.
(2) implementation of the "delete partition" C
delete the original partition.
(3) implementation of the "create partition primary size =
8000" Enter the disk 0 create a new 8000MB primary partition,
the focus will automatically go to the newly created partition.
(4) followed by implementation of the "create partition
extended" Enter, the disk 0 disk space remaining on the
establishment of the extended partition.
(5) to complete the step before running the "create partition
logic" Enter, the newly created extended partition to create
a logical partition.
(6) At this point, we have an active partition to the original C disk
0 created as a primary partition and a logical partition, but
that's not the two partition drive letter, the implementation
of "select partition 1" to the main focus Division
1, then implementation of the "assign letter = C",
the drive letter C: the primary partition. Implementation of the
"active" Return to the main partition so that it can
guide the system set activities.
(7) Next, the implementation of "select partition 3"
will be the focus to the logical partition, the implementation of
"assign" carriage return, meaning the system will be
the next available drive letter assigned to the logical partition, as
drive D, E were occupied ( D for disk 1, partition occupancy, E to
drive occupancy), so the system will be assigned to logical partition
F. But never mind, let's drive letter regardless of the order,
here we are on disk 0 operation ended, the remaining goal is to disk
1, partition the active partition D into E.
(8) implementation of the "select disk 1" will be
the focus to disk 1, the implementation of "select partition
1" will be the focus to the active partition D.
(9) As the disk 1, partition D is active primary partition, so set the
drive as E, is clearly to re-establish it as a non primary partition
the drive, then it will not take the drive D, but will it vacate the
logical partition of the disk 0. Implementation of the
"delete partition" to delete the original partition
D, implementation of the "create partition extended"
disk 1, set up all the disk space for the extended partition.
(10) to complete the step after the implementation of the
"create partition logic" to the newly created
extended partition to create a logical partition.
(11) Finally, the implementation of "assign"
automatically assign drive letter, the system is still the D assigned
to it (although the machine restarts, the system will automatically
adjust to D assigned to disk 0 in the logical partition, disk 1 of
logical partition will use the drive E, the drive will be extended to
F, and restart a system, these changes will be automatically).
(12) Now we have to re-partition the hard drive the machine work is
over, the implementation of "exit" out of the
command line interpreter DiskPart tool, and then run "format
c: / fs: ntfs", would have created the primary partition
formatted DISK 0 NTFS file format for the partition, the same reason
the implementation of "format d: / fs: fat32",
"format f: / fs: fat32" to partition D, F format, we
end up operation is complete.
(13) completed the implementation of "exit" to
restart the machine, you can re-enter "DiskPart" to
see whether the correct partition.
The basic operation of the above, including the creation of the disk,
delete, format and management, if you carefully read the help
instructions, to ensure you master the powerful features it will no
longer want to use Fdisk to manage disk. In fact if you use Windows
XP, these are very useful knowledge. In addition,
"DiskPart" tools the most convenient place is to
support script, is not described in detail here.
Restrictions on WinPE
We have the WinPE features above the basic operation of all practice a
little, should be able to appreciate the convenience of WinPE between
individuals, but as stated above, WinPE Mini features a limited
operating system, use a WinPE, of course have to understand its
1. In order to prevent it as a pirated operating system, after 24
hours of continuous use WinPE will automatically exit and restart.
2. WinPE you can directly access the computer network server and
share. But not from another location on the network access to WinPE
any computer file or folder. WinPE via TCP / IP and the NetBIOS access
to reach the file server's network connection, do not support
other methods (such as IPX / SPX network protocols).
3. Because it involves anti-piracy, we can only build from Windows XP
Professional CD a custom version of WinPE. But not from Windows XP
Home Edition or Windows 2002 Server operating system, the
establishment of any member of the family.
4.WinPE too big, not on the floppy disk. WinPE includes only a subset
of Win32 API available (including the I / O (disk and network) and
core Win32 API). If the service runs under Win32 on Win32 API subset,
it is available in the WinPE needs specific analysis. WinPE is not
detailed here do not support the API, and anyway, such as rundll32.exe
and shell.dll is not supported, and you want to play Quake in WinPE
the following friends, or as early as possible to give up.
The role of WinPE
Quite a few friends to see whether there are gains here, certainly
will want to WinPE in the end what their specific role, here might sum
up 12.
1. Easy to use the Startup Disk tool
Described by earlier, we can see, WinPE start very fast, but also less
demanding startup environment; the most valuable is that while we have
a boot disk, its function is almost equivalent to the installation of
a Windows XP, "the command line version "- Oh, do
not forget to network support. Therefore, for personal computer users,
so long as to burn a CD, can safely initialize the system to solve
problems like; and small network environments (such as Internet cafes,
etc.) users, this feature in particular practical.
2. Interesting features hard to use
Custom WinPE can not only put those removable storage devices such as
CD, can also be used on the hard disk. Because many friends will think
the custom version of WinPE on the hard drive does not make sense,
does not. To WinPE on the hard disk should be the most interesting,
not to mention damage to your operating system can not enter the case
on the WinPE boot disk can be easily repaired, the key is because
WinPE on the hard disk to install it in the WinPE environment there is
a possible application. Oh, do not speak digression aside, here look
at how to put custom WinPE disk on it (can only be placed on your hard
drive 32-bit version of WinPE).
First install the Recovery Console:
(1) Windows XP Professional CD on CD-ROM drive, here designated it as
(2) In the CMD window command line to run cd_drive \ i386 \
winnt32.exe / cmdcons.
Then the custom WinPE bootable copy placed in the hard disk, do the
(1) in the target hard disk, create a "C: \ Minint"
directory (where directory must be named "Minint").
(2) WinPE "root \ i386" to copy all the contents
under C: \ Minint.
(3) from the WinPE root directory will be copied to the target hard
disk Winbom.ini the root directory.
(4) on the target hard disk, the "C: \ Cmdcons \
txtsetup.sif" read-only attribute to read / write.
(5) on the target hard disk, the "C: \ Minint \
txtsetup.sif" copied to "C: \ Cmdcons" for
(6) Restart the target computer. In the "boot" menu,
select boot to "Command Console", the computer wi
boot using WinPE.
3.Windows XP OPK CD's own work
It says the fact that we get is an executable copy of WinPE, the
Windows XP OPK (Windows XP OEM Preinstallation Kit) CD. Know it from
the name of the original own work is to facilitate the OEM work. If
you open the CD under Windows operating system, it will automatically
run the Autorun for your system, install a "Windows Setup
Manager" tool kit (Figure 31). Use it, you can easily create
with computer makers to install Windows OEM logo image. Although this
is the Windows XP OPK CD's main own work, but apparently no
significance to us personally, of course, if you want to hand the
Windows installation CD are marked with their own unique mark, and at
a friend's machine installation Hyun look, it is a good idea
to use it. Of course, his "mark" is definitely not
as simple OEM logo, in fact, you can also set the WinPE carry any
software, can set the software to run in the WinPE boot; ideal
circumstances, you can even order a custom version of WinPE with
graphics similar to Windows Explorer shell program - Otherwise how
called for manufacturers OEM designs?
U disk winPE method of making the system
1. What is needed are: U disk boot disk tool is uFormat, 128M U disk
1, I've used the SD
2. The lower part of the step by step teach you to make WINPE specific
1). Run uFormat, making USB-HDD; Click U disk (if the U disk sub-2
district, then choose the first zone), and then point "point
here to select the work mode", select "HDD
pattern", then "Start", followed by prompt
pull, insert U disk, to completion.
Choose OK.
Then the security pop-up prompts U disk, U disk and then plug
After re-plug can see is to write, and then complete the prompt
"boot disk making a successful U" Exit uFormat.
4) to open U disk to view hidden files COMMAND.COM IO.SYS MSDOS.S
5) from the downloaded USB-HDD-WinPE compressed version of a lot of
decompression, the operation is the same .. copy to the U disk after
these steps is completely the production of PE U-disk
6.PE finished, and then restart the boot sequence we have to BOIS
reset hold down the DEL key set
BOIS will start entering the first set USB-HDD
7. But after this step, U disk completely PE we have to look HARD DISK
BOOT PRIORITY set no no Can not drive unless.
Must take the USB device directly in front or else into the system
from a. This step is very critical in the online search a lot of U PE
disk is for this reason one can not be used. For my U-disk, 2 for the
hard disk.
8.F10 Y What will restart into the boot disks do not have to pipe up.
2, Microsoft Windows Preinstallation Environment (WinPE)
Microsoft's official home page link
WinPE is a tool based on Microsoft Windows? XP Professional that
allows IT staff to build custom solutions that speed up deployment
through automation so they spend less time and effort keeping desktops
updated. WinPE can run Windows setup, scripts, and imaging
applications. Enterprise Agreement (EA) and Software Assurance
Membership (SAM) customers received WinPE in their October 2002
updates, and it will continue to be offered as a benefit of Software
3, What's the Windows Preinstallation Environment (WinPE)?
John Savill
InstantDoc # 38308
John Savill's FAQ for Windows
A. WinPE is a minimal OS, based on the Windows XP kernel, that will
replace MS-DOS during the initial OS installation stages beginning
with the next Windows desktop OS, which is known as Longhorn. Recent
alpha builds of Longhorn use WinPE, which provides a GUI environment
during the entire installation instead of the old text-based screen
prompts that are common during the initial setup of earlier Windows
installations. WinPE will also let the user enter the license key
during the initial stage of the installation, rather than forcing the
user to wait until later in the installation process.
Click here to view image
Because WinPE is based on XP, this new minimal OS can
¡ñ create and format disk partitions for FAT, FAT32, and NTFS
¡ñ access file shares on an intranet and connect to as many as four
file shares
¡ñ support all mass-storage drivers for XP and Windows 2000

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