THE CYCLE OF STRIKES IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES by khx87852

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									THE CYCLE OF STRIKES IN
NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES


            By
Freddy Ogugua Esenwa (Jnr.)
Department of Physical Planning & Development
   National Universities Commission, Abuja
1.00 INTRODUCTION
University Education in Nigeria is regarded by
  the majority of persons as the ultimate which
  any family can provide for its sons and
  daughters.

The financial capabilities of the Nation to
  continue with the pattern set in 1948 as well as
  meet the peoples’ aspirations led to increasing
  stress on the quality of education.
2.00 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
       OF UNIVERSITY EDUCATION

1948          University College, Ibadan
1962          University of Ibadan

                       University of Nigeria
1960 - 1962           Obafemi Awolowo University
                      Ahmadu Bello University

                       University of Lagos
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF
UNIVERSITY EDUCATION CONT’D


1970              University of Benin



In 1970, All Six Universities became 100% the
responsibility of the Federal Government
   Asquith and Elliot Commissions recommended
    establishing educational institutions far from
    existing urban centres.
   The institution had to establish own amenities
    like:
       Water
       Light
       Roads
       Medical facilities
       Transportation system
       Residential accommodation
       Board for students
       Laboratories, classrooms, and libraries
3.00 EXPANSION OF UNIVERSITY
     EDUCATION
                            Kano
                            Calabar
1975   7 new universities   Ilorin
                            Jos
                            Maiduguri
                            Sokoto
                            Port Harcourt
   EXPANSION OF UNIVERSITY
   EDUCATION CONT’D
From 1979        Creation of 7
                  Universities of
                  Technology


 In the 1980’s   Introduction of a
                  Distance Learning
                  University
4.00 SPATE OF STRIKES IN
     NIGERIA UNIVERSITY SYSTEM
   1970’s           Students vs University Authorities
                     Students vs Government Policy
 1980’s            University staff agitation for improved
                    conditions of service

    1975    Udoji Salary Review Commission
    1981    Cookey Commission recommended USS Salary
             Structure
    1982    Presidential Commission on Salary and Conditions of
             Service of University Staff estimated N462,000,000.00
             for rehabilitation of facilities in the universities
    1985    Government released N85,000,000.00
5.00 CIRCLES OF STRIKES AND
     STUDENTS’ DEMONSTRATIONS

   Between 1970 and 2003 (33 years), the
   Nigerian    University     System     has
   witnessed closures due to either Students
   demonstrations or due to staff Union
   strikes.
   1970’s   student’s agitation for improved
             academic environment,
             residential accommodation and
             feeding

   1972     University of Ibadan closed due
             to student’s riot

   1973     Students of University of Lagos
             rioted against NYSC scheme
   1978   Students went on rampage at
           the review of the cost of meal
           ticket from 50K to N1.50

   1986   Students rioted against the
           introduction of SAP

   1981   ASUU strike led to the
           setting up of the Cookey
           Commission (universities closed   for 6
                 months)
In 1992, the Academic Staff Union of Nigeria
Universities declared an industrial trade dispute
with Federal Government of Nigeria, the
Governing Council of each State and Federal
Government, the Minister of Education and
National Universities Commission over three
issues. These were:

      Gross under funding of Nigeria universities
      Conditions of Service of Academic Staff
        a. Salaries and
        b. Non-Salary Condition of Service
      University Autonomy and Academic freedom
   As a result of the Industrial Action, ASUU
   was proscribed.
1992     Following the resumption of negotiation,
          the Agreement was signed on September
          3, 1992.

1993     3 months strike by Non-Teaching staff
          demanding for parity in salary

1994     ASUU strike for increase in salary

1995     ASUU strike for the review of the 1992
          Agreement
   1996         ASUU President Dr. Assisi Asobie
                 was dismissed. Universities closed
                 for 7 months for his recall and the need to
                 review the 1992 Agreement

   1999         ASUU Strike for 5 months led to
                 constitution of a Federal Govt.
                 Negotiating Team to negotiate with
                        ASUU on ‘Salaries, Wages and
    Other                       Conditions of Service in the
    University                         System’


                 An Agreement was signed on May 25,
                       1999.
   1999   ASUU strike over perceived non-
           implementation of the October 26,
           1999 signed Agreement

   2000   ASUU strike for the
           resumption on negotiation of Basic
           salaries, University funding, and
           Autonomy

   2001   ASUU strike for 3 months over
           stalemate in the negotiation.
           Agreement signed on June 30, 2001
   2002              ASUU strike for 2 weeks over
                      perceived non-implementation of
                      the 2001 Agreements

   Currently in 2003, all the Unions in the University
    System are on strike over the following issues:

       Inadequate funding
       Non-implementation of Agreement
       Disparity in Salary
       Retirement Age
       Non-implementation of Allowances
    The current strike by Academic Staff Union of
    Universities commenced on December 29, 2002 and as at
    today March 12, 2003, the strike duration is two and a
    quarter months old.
6.00       CONCLUSION
   Autonomy Bill
   Funding
   Governing Councils
   Union Matters
   Conditions of Service
   Licensing of Additional Private
    Universities
   Unionization
   Private Sector Participation in the
    Provision of Students Hostel
   Introduction of Fees
   Commercialisation of Some Activities
   Parity in Basic Salary
   Entry Point for Fresh Graduate
   Parent Forum
   Enlightenment Programme

								
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