Do you know how to scan by jqu13899

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									Arma virumque cano, Troiae qui primus ab oris


    Do you know how to scan?
                                    You scan a line of
                                     poetry like a
                                     DACTYLIC
                                     HEXAMETER.

                                    You divide it up into
                                     its SIX feet, made
                                     up of DACTYLS and
                                     SPONDEES.
Latin Poetry scans - there are
six feet in a hexameter line

     Arma virumque cano Troiae qui primus ab oris
     Italiam fato profugus Lavinaque venit
     litora, multum ille et terris iactatus et alto
     vi super/um sae/vae memo/rem Iu/nonis ob/ iram,
     multa quoque et bello passus, dum conderet urbem
     inferretque deos Latio, genus unde Latinum
     Albanique patres atque altae moenia Romae.

Each line can be scanned into six feet...
vi super/um sae/vae memo/rem Iu/nonis ob/ iram,
    elision
    E    E                     elision
       LISION
          L
          I
          S
          I          elision
          O
          N




Elision takes place when one syllable does not count
because it is “knocked out”, kinda like isn’t in English. We
do not know if the Romans pronounced or left the syllable
How many feet do you see?
   Each foot (dactyl or
    spondee) is made up of
    syllables. There are
    three in a dactyl and
    two in a spondee.
   When you count the
    syllables, don’t count
    the words. Count the
    syllables instead.


        How many syllables in
        syllable? How many syllables can you count?
DACTYL has three syllables

               DACTYL


              syllables
                                   ARM
              ARMA VI
                                   A
        ARM        A      VI
                                   VI
       Pom ti ti       CLAP clap
       clap
       da d’ d’
dactyls
             A group of syllables
              with a long and two
              shorts
             _uu
             a vowel followed by two
              consonants is long
              (long by position)
              a vowel can be long by
              nature
spondees like :montes
                 A group of two
                  syllables, both of which
                  are long
                 --
                 (long by position) a
                  vowel followed by two
                  consonants is long
                 a vowel can be long by
                  nature
long by position
 A vowel long by
  position must come
  in front of two
  consonants
 A short vowel plus
  some double
  consonants are
  exceptions –
  b,t,d,c,g plus l,r
            Patrem long short - u
            Or short short    uu
long by nature

   JUNO
   long long
   clap clap
   pom pom
   da da
   --
Which are the dactyls?

Arma virumque cano Troiae qui primus ab oris
Italiam fato profugus Lavinaque venit
litora, multum ille et terris iactatus et alto
vi superum saevae memorem Iunonis ob iram,
multa quoque et bello passus, dum conderet urbem
inferretque deos Latio, genus unde Latinum
Albanique patres atque altae moenia Romae
Which are the spondees?

 Arma virumque cano Troiae qui primus ab oris
 Italiam fato profugus Lavinaque venit
 litora, multum ille et terris iactatus et alto
 vi superum saevae memorem Iunonis ob iram,
 multa quoque et bello passus, dum conderet urbem
 inferretque deos Latio, genus unde Latinum
 Albanique patres atque altae moenia Romae
  Scanning        Two ways to go:
  a) start at the end and mark the 5th and 6th feet

 scanned
 b) start at the beginning and mark all long syllables
                                   / - u u /- -
Arma virumque cano Troiae qui primus ab oris
                           /- u u / - -
Italiam fato profugus Lavinaque venit
-        - [ ] –[ ]- - - -                  --
litora, multum ille et terris iactatus et alto
-         - - -                   - -
vi superum saevae memorem Junonis ob iram,
multa quoque et bello passus, dum conderet urbem
inferretque deos Latio, genus unde Latinum
Albanique patres atque altae moenia Romae

NB forward slash / marks the separation of feet
Latinmetre site
   Go to Latin metre site
End Scansion
   End Scansion

								
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