Equine Hoof Anatomy Equine Hoof Anatomy Equine Science Equine Anatomy External Science External Anatomy Features Features The outer layer of a horse’s hoof is similar to what in a human? Answer: The finger nail What is the hoof largely composed of? Answer: Keratin Is the hoof alive? Answer: Yes, the hoof grows at a rate of .2 inches per month on the average. The Hoof 1. Digital Flexor Tendon 2. Sesamoidean ligament 3. Digital extensor tendon 4. Long pastern bone 5. Short pastern bone 6. Coronary corium 7. Pedal bone 8. Laminar corium 9. Wall 10. White Line 11. Sole 12. Plantar cushion 13. Navicular bone The Hoof From the Bottom 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Bulb of Heel Bar(s) Sole Wall Toe White Line 7. Frog A. Central groove B. Ridge C. Lateral groove D. Apex Insensitive/ Sensitive Laminae 1. Insensitive laminae 2. Sensitive laminae 3. Laminar corium Hoof Care • Hoof needs to be trimmed because it is growing • Hoof needs to be treated for any unhealthy problems • Hoof needs to stay healthy to support the horse’s weight and movement Do horses wear Nike’s? YES!!! Answer: Yes!
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