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UNCTAD How and in what areas UNCTAD can support DTIS Action Matrix implementation? Masoumeh Sahami EIF Regional Asian Workshop 21 – 23 June 2010; Kathmandu, Nepal UNCTAD’s Main Goals To promote economic development and poverty reduction in developing countries, and particularly, the LDCs; To contribute to the progressive and beneficial integration in the global economy, … Particularly through … National policies and international support measures complemented with capacity building technical assistance which build productive capacities. UNCTAD Research & Capacity Inter- governmental Policy Analysis Building Service Technical Assistance LDC Report, Consensus Africa Report building Trade Related Technical Assistance Objectives - Enhance the endogenous capacity of beneficiary countries to set and implement their own development strategies, as well as to emphasize the development of their human, institutional, productive and export capacities ; UNCTAD’s TRTA Main forms of delivery The Focus: -Policy and advisory Capacity building for policy ownership – LDC policy analysis services & research dissemination -Training courses, International trade in goods seminars, workshops and services and commodities; Investment and Enterprise -Computer-based Development; technical Products Trade Logistics and Technology -Supply of trade and investment-related data Capacity building for policy ownership Poverty is severe and all-pervasive in most LDCs, LDC Report 2002 Trade liberalization alone is insufficient - What is needed is an inclusive form of growth that requires not simply exports expansion but also an economy-wide expansion of income earning opportunities. LDC Report 2004 the basic cause of persistent mass poverty in the LDCs is widespread unemployment, underemployment and low labour productivity – LDC Report 2006 to escape the current trap of poverty, underdevelopment and marginalization, need to narrow the LDCs' technology gap with the rest of the world and increase the knowledge intensity of their economies. LDC Report 2007 to build economic resilience, need to improve agricultural productivity and diversify 6 to create non-agricultural employment opportunities. LDC Report 2008 International trade in goods, services and commodities Specifically: •Help formulate Trade Analysis Capacities & policies; Information Systems •Develop human, Capacity Building on Trade Negotiations and Commercial institutional, Diplomacy regulatory capacities Competition Policy and Consumer and know-how to Protection negotiate, Trade, Environment and Development • produce, trade and compete locally and globally. Investment and Enterprise Development 1) Investment policies and investment promotions UNCTAD's objective is to assist all - International Investment Agreements developing countries - Investment Policy Reviews - Investment Facilitation in designing and - Capacity building in FDI statistics implementing active - i-portals plus including investment guides policies to boost productive capacities 2) Enterprise Development and international competitiveness. EMPRETEC programme: promotes Particular attention entrepreneurial skills and helps promising entrepreneurs in putting their ideas into is given to LDCs. action and fostering businesses. E-tourism: Currently benefits 5 LDCs: Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Mali and Mauritania Trade Logistics and Technology Trade logistics: ASYCUDA - Training on transport and trade facilitation - To improve the performance of transport operators -In 2009: almost 90 and auxiliary services operational projects - To set up the necessary institutional and operational environment for the introduction of The ASYCUDA multimodal transport programme remains the largest - Advance Cargo Information System (ACIS) technical - To increase transparency and efficiency in the cooperation transport sector by providing operational information to stakeholders programme within UNCTAD, - Automated System for Customs Data (ASYCUDA) encompassing over - To facilitate trade by speeding up the clearance 80 countries and 4 process through the use of information technology regional projects and the reduction and simplification of customs documentation and procedures Trade Logistics and Technology Trainings: Beneficiaries of the TrainForTrade Training Trainers: TrainForTrade Programme Programme: Local ownership of training activities, generation of local knowledge, human and institution building - Benin Trainings programmes - Djibouti - The Virtual Institute Target: Academics & Policy Makers - Lao’s PDR - The Training Course on Key Issues on the International Economic Agenda – Policy makers - Madagascar - Maldives Science and Technology - Mauritania To enhance the scientific and technological - Senegal capabilities of developing countries and to facilitate their access to new technologies - Sierra Leone - Network of Centres of Excellence – a website platform - Sudan - Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (STIP) review - Chad -… From Actions Matrix to Projects Diagnostic Trade Old IF UNCTAD TRTASs Integration Study - ASYCUDA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Djibouti, Gunea, Lao, Maldives, Senegal, TRTAs: Priorities sierra Leone, Sudan, Chad, Yemen, Zambia -TrainForTrade: Benin, Djibouti, Lao, Madagascar, Maldives, Mauritania, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Chad Identify relevant Partners: UNCTAD, ITC,UNIDO, WB… -Commodities: Benin, Burkina Faso, Gambia, Lao, Sao tomé, Tanzania -Trade Facilitation: Zambia, Tanzania, Sao Tomé, Submit request for Submit request Maldives, Malawi, Madagascar, Guinea, Lesotho, Lao, assistance Gambia, Ethiopa, Burkina Faso, Benin -Investment: Benin, Burkina Faso, Ethiopa, Gambia, Tier 2 project Guinea, Lao, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, development Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Chad, Yemen -Commercial Diplomay & trade negotiations : Sudan, Chad, Zambia, Uganda, Guinea, Djibouti, Central Funding: EIF TF; Other African Republic - Tourism : Chad, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Nepal, Uganda, Mauritania, Maldives, Madagascar, Lao, Implementation Guinea, Gambia, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Central African Republic Example Concrete application of TrainForTrade in the EIF Tier 1: “Capacity Building Programme for EIF NIUs » Tier 2: capacity development in the field of sustainable tourism: Benin (Being implemented) Mali (request from EIF NIU) Djibouti (request from Tourism Authorities and EIF NIU) Examples within the IF Benin: Objective: promotion of sustainable and community-based tourism for development Request from the Ministry of Trade UNCTAD prepared a proposal which was funded by IF Window II The project included 3 components: 1. Interagency study on sustainable tourism 2. Coordination activities with 35 sustainable tourism stakeholders from the selected communities of Abomey, Ganvié, Ouidah organized in March 2009 3. Training to be organized in September 2009 Lao PDR: Objective: development of trade-related training capacities of Lao PDR and Cambodia Requested by Ministry of Trade and Industry Specifically mentioned in the Action Matrix and funded by the Government of France Over 300 trade operators trained and 17 trainers able to deliver UNCTAD courses in local language Thank you for your attention ! For further information contact: EIF Coordinator, UNCTAD Masoumeh.Sahami@UNCTAD.org Tel: 0041-22-917 5537
"EIF -UNCTAD TRTA - PowerPoint"