Studying U. S. History by LisaB1982

VIEWS: 134 PAGES: 14

									U. S. HISTORY Mrs. Martin
CHAPTER 11 SECTIONS 1 & 2

TODAY’S CLASS SCHEDULE
 CH.

11.1 & 2 POWERPOINT NOTES  VIEW STUDENT WORK/TEST TAKING STRATEGIES  COMPLETE TEST CORRECTIONS/READ CH. 11.3

CH. 11.1 & 2: FROM ADAMS TO JACKSON
ONLY 1 POLITICAL PARTY—JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLICANS  IN THE ELECTION OF 1824, JOHN Q. ADAMS ELECTED PRESIDENT (RAN AGAINST ANDREW JACKSON & HENRY CLAY)
 1816-1824

 “CORRUPT

BARGAIN” HELPED ADAMS TO WIN (CLAY USED HIS POWER AS SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE)  DIFFICULT PRESIDENCY (MANY DID NOT LIKE HIS IDEAS & DID NOT SUPPORT)

 IN

THE ELECTION OF 1828, THE PARTY DIVIDED INTO TWO— DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS (JACKSON) & THE NATIONAL REPUBLICANS (ADAMS)  JACKSON & HIS PARTY FAVORED STATES’ RIGHTS

 IN

THE CAMPAIGN, THEY BOTH RESORTED TO MUDSLINGING (INSULTS TO RUIN REPUTATION OF OPPONENT)  ALSO USED ELECTION SLOGANS, RALLIES, & BUTTONS TO HELP WIN

 JACKSON

WON THE ELECTION BY A LANDSLIDE  SMALL FARMERS, CRAFT WORKERS, ETC. LOVED JACKSON B/C OF HIS RISE FROM A CABIN IN THE FRONTIER TO THE WHITE HOUSE (PARENTS HAD DIED BY AGE 15)

A

SPIRIT OF EQUALITY SPREAD DURING HIS FIRST TERM AS PRESIDENT  DURING THE 1820S, MANY MORE “WHITE MEN” WERE ALLOWED TO VOTE (WOMEN, AFRICAN AMERICANS, & NATIVE AMERICANS STILL HAD FEW RIGHTS)

 PRES.

JACKSON FIRED MANY FEDERAL WORKERS & REPLACED THEM WITH HIS SUPPORTERS (CALLED THE SPOILS SYSTEM)  A TARIFF DEBATE OCCURRED IN 1828 WHEN CONGRESS PASSED A HIGH TARIFF ON EUROPEAN GOODS

 SOUTHERNERS

HATED THE NEW TARIFF B/C THEY TRADED COTTON FOR GOODS  SOME WANTED TO SECEDE, OR BREAK AWAY FROM THE U.S.  DID A STATE HAVE THE RIGHT TO GO ITS OWN WAY?

 THEY

BELIEVED IN STATES’ RIGHTS…STATES HAVE RIGHTS & POWERS THAT ARE INDEPENDENT OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT  NO ONE KNEW WHERE PRES. JACKSON STOOD ON THE ISSUE OF STATES’ RIGHTS

 FINALLY

HE DECLARED, “OUR FEDERAL UNION MUST BE PRESERVED.”  SOUTH WAS OUTRAGED  THE UNION SEEMED ON THE VERGE OF SPLITTING APART  SOUTH CAROLINA PASSED THE NULLIFICATION ACT

 THEY

SAID THEY WOULD NOT PAY THE “ILLEGAL” TARIFFS OF 1828 & 1832 & THREATENED TO SECEDE IF GOV’T INTERFERED  TO EASE THE CRISIS, JACKSON SUPPORTED A COMPROMISE BILL PROPOSED BY HENRY CLAY

 LOWERED THE

TARIFF  BUT THE FORCE BILL WAS PASSED TO ALLOW THE PRES. TO USE THE MILITARY TO ENFORCE ACTS OF CONGRESS  FEDERAL GOV’T WOULD NOT ALLOW A STATE TO GO ITS OWN WAY WITHOUT A FIGHT


								
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