Theme Climate A Ambitious Cities Leaders or Exotics Stockholm by xscape



A 01        Ambitious Cities - Leaders or Exotics?

Stockholm: Target Zero – Plans for a Fossil Fuel Free City

Ms Viviann Gunnarsson                          City Profile: City of Stockholm, Sweden
Vice Mayor of the Environment                  Short city/region profile:
Environment and Consumer Division              Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, Europe, is growing and
City of Stockholm                              faces the challenge posed by both retaining and developing
Stadshuset                                     its unique character. The City aims at sustainablity and to be
S-105 35 Stockholm                             an attractive place for people to live and work in.
                                               Number of inhabitants:
Tel:       +46-8 508 29                        Approximately 760,000
Fax:       +46-8 508 29
e-mail:                                        Social, economic and environmental background:   Employed persons in the greater Stockholm region: Financial
www:                    activities etc 29%, Trade and communications 20%, Medical
       care and social welfare, public administration etc 21%,
                                               Personal and cultural services, education and research 18%.
                                               Other 12%. There is pre-school for all, school and gymasium
                                               for all free of charge. The public transport is extensive, widely
                                               used and rather in-expensive.
                                               Stockholm has long had the reputation of being one of the
                                               cleanest capitals in the world. Considering that it is possible to
                                               go for a swim in the waters of the inner city - there might be
                                               some truth to it. But beneath the beautiful surface lie hidden
                                               many of the environmental threats that every large city in the
                                               world faces.
                                               The environmental work in the City has been guided by
                                               Environmental Programmes since the 70's. The present
                                               comprises six target areas: environmentally efficient transport,
                                               safe products, sustainable energy consumption, ecological
                                               planning and management, environmentally efficient waste
                                               management and a healthy indoor environment. There is also
                                               a newly adopted Agenda 21 strategy and the Stockholm's
                                               Action Plan against Green House Gas Emissions.

Executive Summary:
The City of Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, has since 1995 implemented an Action
Plan, which will cut CO2 emissions by an estimated 25 % by 2005. We now go for the
long-term target - Stockholm Fossil Fuel Free by 2050. The city has started to
implement some measures, and will now formulate a full roadmap to reach the target.
We invite other cities to Stockholm 15-17 May to the "Target Zero Conference", to
discuss strategies, measures and cooperation to reach radical long term targets.
The City of Stockholm, Sweden, has since 1995 implemented an Action Plan, which will cut
CO2 emissions by more than 25 % by 2005. The long-term target is updated and sharpened
- Stockholm Fossil Fuel Free by 2050. Stockholm will continue to reduce greenhouse gas
emissions at the same pace as during the period 1990-2005. That is to go from 5,3 ton CO2-
eqv 1990 to 4,0 ton year 2005 (~25%), and then on to 2,7 ton CO2 year 2020, 1,4 ton CO2
year 2035, and 0,1 ton per capita in the year 2050.
Significant results have been achieved. According to estimates made by the City, the
emissions by the year 2000 had decreased by 4% compared to 1990, while the number of
inhabitants went up by 11%. Emissions per capita thus went down from 5,3 tonnes in 1990 to
4,5 tonnes in the year 2000 - a decrease of 15%. The result for 2005 will be evaluated in
2006, but early estimates indicates that the target of 25% reduction will be reached.
This is mainly the result of an ambitious extension of the district heating system and the use
of biofuels in it, and running the underground on energy from renewable sources. Noteworthy
is the work done by the City over more than10 years to promote light and heavy vehicles run
on biofuels. There is now a partial market breakthrough, thanks to continous work and stick
and carrot policys like exemption from congestion charges (a trial system is currently up and
running). The present the Action Plan includes ca 50 different measures - investment and
awareness raising measures - in the fields of heating, energy use and transport.
The city has started to implement measures, and will now formulate a full roadmap to reach
the Target Zero. The presentation will go through sector per sector and in numbers show
where we stand today and give some very first preliminary thoughts how fast the different
sectors and subsectors can move towards not using fossil fuel. For example, in the municipal
operations the target will be reached faster than 2050. It will of course also be easier to reach
the target in the housing sector than in the transport sector. What will be the most effecient
strategies and measures to reach the target fossil fuel free? What are the general pre-
requisites? This is something we would like to explore with the participants in this session.
The City of Stockholm is a member of ICLEI and has participated in the Cities for Climate
Protection campaign since 1998. As we find international cooperation important, Stockholm
has an ongoing work together with other cities in the field of sustainable development,
climate change and clean vehicles. A new area for cooperation would be the energysector.
Finally we invite other cities to come to Stockholm 15 -17 May to discuss strategies,
measures and cooperation to reach radical long term targets. Let's join forces towards a
”Future with Zero CO2 Emissions”.

Viviann Gunnarsson, 60 years, Stockholm School of Economics. Latest appointment, since
1990, The Swedish Agency for Public Management, project-manager, topics: organisation,
budgeting, agriculture, environment, EU-governance etc.
Green Party since 1985; 2002--- Present: Vice Mayor, responsible for the Environmental and
Consumer division, chairman of the Environment and Health committee and the Fire- and
rescue committee, executive board Stockholm Stadshus AB, Stockholm county cooperation
of communities executive board, Mälardalen environmental committee.

Further recommended readings:

               Disclaimer: Content of abstracts is the sole responsibility of the author.
     Congress organisers: ICLEI and the City of Cape Town

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