FLORA DATA BASE by rbq38369

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									                                   FLORA DATABASE
                      146 Families, 1,164 Species and Varieties
                                   V. Max Brown

ACANTHACEAE - ACANTHUS FAMILY (8)

Branched Foldwing; Dicliptera brachiata (Pursh) Spreng.
American Water-Willow; Justicia americana (L.) Vahl
Petiolate Hairy Ruellia [Carolina Wild Petunia; Hairy Ruellia]; Ruellia caroliniensis (J.F. Gmel.) Steud.
Sessile-Leaved Hairy Ruellia [Fringeleaf Wild Petunia]; Ruellia humilis Nutt.
Metz's [White] Wild petunia; Ruellia metziae Tharp
Violet Wild Petunia; Ruellia nudiflora (Engelm. & A. Gray) Urb.
Stalked Wild Petunia; Ruellia pedunculata Torr. ex Gray
Limestone Wild Petunia [Smooth Ruellia]; Ruellia strepens L.

ACERACEAE – MAPLE FAMILY (7)
Amur maple; Acer ginnala Maxim. (Introduced)
Boxelder [Ash-Leaved Maple]; Acer negundo L var. negundo
Black Maple; Acer nigrum Michx. f.
Norway Maple; Acer platanoides L. (Introduced)
Silver [Soft] Maple; Acer saccharinum L.
Sugar [Hard] Maple; Acer saccharum Marsh. var. saccharum
Red Maple; Acer rubrum L. var. rubrum

AGAVACEAE – AGAVE or CENTURY-PLANT FAMILY (3)
Redflower False Yucca; Hesperaloe parviflora (Torr.) J.M. Coult.
False Aloe [Virginia Tube-Rose]; Manfreda virginica (L.) Salisb. ex Rose
Adam’s Needle [Spanish-Bayonet, Yucca]; Yucca filamentosa L.

ALISMATACEAE – WATER PLANTAIN FAMILY (3)
Northern [Large-Flowered] Water Plantain; Alisma triviale Pursh
Grassy [Grass-Leaved] Arrowhead; Sagittaria graminea Michx.
Broadleaf [Common] Arrowhead [Duck Potato]; Sagittaria latifolia Willd.

AMARANTHACEAE - AMARANTH FAMILY (4)
Green [Redroot] Amaranth [Rough Pigweed]; Amaranthus retroflexus L.
Spiny Amaranth; Amaranthus spinosus L.
Plains [Field] Snakecotton [Cottonweed]; Froelichia floridana (Nutt.) Moq.
Juda's Bush [Eastern Bloodleaf]; Iresine rhizomatosa Standl.

ANACARDIACEAE – CASHEW (SUMAC) FAMILY (7)
European Smoketree; Cotinus coggygria Scop. (Introduced)
Fragrant Sumac; Rhus aromatica Aiton
[Shining] Winged Sumac; Rhus copallinum L.
Smooth Sumac; Rhus glabra L.
Staghorn Sumac; Rhus typhina L.



                                                      1
[Eastern] Poison Ivy; Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze
Poison Sumac; Toxicodendron vernix (L.) Kuntze

ANNONACEAE – ANNONA (CUSTARD APPLE) FAMILY (1)
[Common, Tall] Pawpaw; Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal

APIACEAE – CARROT OR PARSELY FAMILY (27)
Purple-Stemmed Angelica; Angelica atropurpurea L.
Hairy Angelica; Angelica venenosa (Greenway) Fernald
Wild [Hairyfruit] Chervil; Chaerophyllum tainturieri Hook.
Bulblet-Bearing Water Hemlock; Cicuta bulbifera L.
[Spotted; Common] Water Hemlock; Cicuta maculata L. (var. maculate?)
Poison Hemlock; Conium maculatum L. (Introduced)
[Canadian] Honewort; Cryptotaenia canadensis (L.) DC.
Queen Anne’s Lace [Wild Carrot; Bird’s Nest]; Daucus carota L. (Introduced)
Harbinger-Of-Spring [Pepper-And-Salt]; Erigenia bulbosa (Michx.) Nutt.
Rattlesnake Master [Button Eryngo or Snakeroot]; Eryngium yuccifolium Michx.
Common Cow-Parsnip [Masterwort]; Heracleum maximum Bartram
Largeleaf [Seaside] Pennywort; Hydrocotyle bonariensis Comm. ex Lam.
[Wolly] Sweet Cicely; Osmorhiza claytonii (Michx.) C.B. Clarke
 Aniseroot [Smooth Sweet Cicely]; Osmorhiza longistylis (Torr.) DC.
[Stiff] Cowbane; Oxypolis rigidior (L.) Raf.
Wild Parsnip; Pastinaca sativa L. (Introduced)
Nuttall's Prairie Parsley; Polytaenia nuttallii DC.
Laceflower; Ptilimnium nuttallii (DC.) Britt.
Canadian Black Snakeroot; Sanicula canadensis L.
Maryland Sanicle [Black Snakeroot]; Sanicula marilandica L.
Clustered Black Snakeroot [Clustered Sanicle]; Sanicula odorata (Raf.) K.M. Pryer & L.R. Phillippe
  (S. gregaria)
Clustered Black Snakeroot [Clustered Sanicle]; Sanicula odorata (Raf.) K.M. Pryer & L.R.
[Hemlock] Water-Parsnip; Sium suave Walter
Yellow Pimpernel; Taenidia integerrima (L.) Drude
Hairy-Joint Meadow Parsnip; Thaspium barbinode (Michx.) Nutt.
Spreading [Field] Hedge-Parsley; Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link ssp. Arvensis (Introduced)
Heart-Leaved Golden Alexanders [Meadow Zizia]; Zizia aptera (Gray) Fern.
Golden Alexanders [Golden Zizia]; Zizia aurea (L.) W.D.J. Koch

APOCYNACEAE - DOGBANE FAMILY (4)
[Shining] Ozark Bluestar; Amsonia illustris Woodson
Spreading Dogbane; Apocynum androsaemifolium L.
[American] Indian Hemp; Apocynum cannabinum L.
Common Periwinkle [Myrtle]; Vinca minor L. (Introduced)

AQUIFOLIACEAE – HOLLY FAMILY (2)
American Holly; Ilex opaca Aiton var. opaca
Common Winterberry (Black Alder); Ilex verticillata (L.) Gray

ARACEAE – ARUM FAMILY (3)




                                                    2
Green Dragon [Dragon Arum]; Arisaema dracontium (L.) Schott.
[Woodland] Jack In The Pulpit [Indian Turnip]; Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott.
Skunk-Cabbage; Symplocarpus foetidus (L.) Salisb. ex Nutt.

ARALIACEAE – GINSENG FAMILY (4)
Wild Sarsaparilla; Aralia nudicaulis L.
Devil's Walkingstick [Hercules’ Club]; Aralia spinosa L. ?
English Ivy; Hedera helix L. (Introduced)
Dwarf Ginseng; Panax trifolius L.

ARECACEAE – PALM FAMILY (1)
Cabbage Palmetto; Sabal palmetto (Walt.) Lodd. ex J.A. & J.H. Schultes

ARISTOLOCHIACEAE – BIRTHWORT FAMILY (2)
Woolly [Pipe-Vine] Dutchman's Pipe; Aristolochia tomentosa Sims
[Canadian] Wild Ginger; Asarum canadense L.

ASCLEPIADACEAE – MILKWEED FAMILY (17)
Blunt-Leaved [Sand, Clasping] Milkweed; Asclepias amplexicaulis Sm.
Poke Milkweed; Asclepias exaltata L.
[Tall] Green Milkweed; Asclepias hirtella (Pennell) Woods.
Swamp Milkweed; Asclepias incarnata L. ssp. Incarnate
Aquatic [Thin-Leaved; White] Milkweed; Asclepias perennis Walter
Purple Milkweed; Asclepias purpurascens L.
Fourleaf [Whorled] Milkweed; Asclepias quadrifolia Jacq.
Slim- [Narrow-] Leaf Milkweed; Asclepias stenophylla A. Gray
Common Milkweed; Asclepias syriaca L.
Texas Milkweed; Asclepias texana A. Heller
Butterfly Milkweed [Butterflyweed; Pleurisy Root]; Asclepias tuberosa L. ssp. interior Woods.
Whorled Milkweed; Asclepias verticillata L.
Green Comet Milkweed; Asclepias viridiflora Raf.
Green Antelopehorn [Ozark Milkweed]; Asclepias viridis Walter
Honeyvine [Sandvine; Bluevine; Angle-Pod]; Cynanchum laeve (Michx.) Pers.
Baldwin's Milkvine; Matelea baldwyniana (Sweet) Woodson
Oldfield [Climbing] Milkvine; Matelea decipiens (Alexander) Woodson

ASPLENIACEAE – SPLEENWORT FAMILY (1)
Ebony Spleenwort; Asplenium platyneuron (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

ASTERACEAE – ASTER FAMILY (183)
[Common] Yarrow [Milfoil]; Achillea millefolium L. (Introduced)
Oppositeleaf Spotflower; Acmella oppositifolia (Lam.) R.K. Jansen var. repens (Walter) R.K. Jansen
White Snakeroot; Ageratina altissima (L.) King & H.E. Robins. var. altissima
Common [Annua] Ragweed; Ambrosia artemisifolia L.
Lanceleaf [Southern] Ragweed; Ambrosia bidentata Michx.
Great Ragweed; Ambrosia trifida L.
Prairie Broomweed [Broom Snakeroot]; Amphiachyris dracunculoides (DC.) Nutt.
Pearly Everlasting; Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Benth.
Field [Flagged] Pussytoes; Antennaria neglecta Greene


                                                     3
Large Plantain-Leaved [Smooth, Parlin’s] Pussytoes; Antennaria parlini Fern.
Corn Chamomile; Anthemis arvensis L (Introduced)
Golden Chamomile (Yellow Cotula); Anthemis tinctoria L. (Introduced)
Greater Burdock; Arctium lappa L. (Introduced)
Common [Lesser] Burdock; Arctium minus Bernh. (Introduced)
Pale Indian Plaintain; Arnoglossum atriplicifolium (L.) H.E. Robins.
Groovestem [Prairie] Indian Plantain; Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
Great Indian Plaintain; Arnoglossum reniforme (Hook.) H.E. Robins.
White Sagebrush; Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. ludoviciana
Common Wormwood [Mugwort]; Artemisia vulgaris L. (Introduced)
Texas Greeneyes; Berlandiera betonicifolia (Hook.) Small
Spanish Needles; Bidens bipinnata L.
Nodding Bur-Marigold [Beggartick]; Bidens cernua L.
Crowned [Tall; Swamp] Beggarticks [Marigold]; Bidens coronata (L.) Britton
Devil's [Common] Beggartick [Sticktight]; Bidens frondosa L.
Threelobe Beggarticks; Bidens tripartita L.
Tall Beggar’s Ticks; Bidens vulgata Greene
Bushy Seaside Tansy [Saltmarsh Ox-Eye]; Borrichia frutescens (L.) DC.
Straggler Daisy; Calyptocarpus vialis Less. (Introduced)
Nodding [Plumeless] Thistle; Carduus nutans L. (Introduced)
Spotted Knapweed; Centaurea stoebe L. ssp. micranthos (Gugler) Hayek (Introduced)
Soft Goldenaster; Chrysopsis pilosa Nutt.
Chicory; Cichorium intybus L. (Introduced)
Tall Thistle; Cirsium altissimum (L.) Hill
Canada Thistle; Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.
Field [Pasture]Thistle; Cirsium discolor (Muhl. ex Willd.) Spreng.
Swamp [Fen] Thistle; Cirsium muticum Michx.
Marsh [European] Swamp Thistle; Cirsium palustre (L.) Scop. (Introduced)
Bull Thistle; Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.
[Blue] Mist Flower; Conoclinium coelestinum (L.) DC. (Eupatorium coelestinum L.)
Horseweed; Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. var. canadensis
Largeflower Tickseed; Coreopsis grandiflora Hogg ex Sweet
Lanceleaf [Sand] Tickseed [Coreopsis]; Coreopsis lanceolata L.
Stiff Tickseed [Prairie Coreopsis]; Coreopsis palmata Nutt.
Star Tickseed; Coreopsis pubescens Ell.
Golden Tickseed [Coreopsis]; Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt.
Tall Coreopsis [Tickseed]; Coreopsis tripteris L.
Flat-Topped White Aster [Parasol Whitetop]; Doellingeria umbellata (P. Mill.) Nees var. umbellata
Fetid Marigold; Dyssodia papposa (Vent.) A.S. Hitchc.
Yellow Coneflower; Echinacea paradoxa (J.B.S. Norton) Britton var. paradoxa
[Eastern] Purple Cone-Flower; Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench
[Glade or Pale Purple] Coneflower; Echinacea simulata R.L. McGregor OR Echinacea pallida (Nutt.) Nutt.
False Daisy [Yerba De Tajo]; Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. (Eclipta alba)
Carolina Elephant’s-Foot; Elephantopus carolinianus Raeusch.
White Fireweed [American Burnweed; Pilewort]; Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. var. hieraciifolia
[Eastern] Daisy Fleabane [Scabious; Whitetop]; Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers.
Philadelphia Fleabane; Erigeron philadelphicus L.
Robin's Plantain; Erigeron pulchellus Michx.
Prairie Fleabane [Narrow-Leaved Daisy Fleabane]; Erigeron strigosus Muhl. ex Willd.
Tall Boneset [Throughwort]; Eupatorium altissimum L.
Purple [Hollow Stemmed] Joe-Pye-Weed [Trumpetweed]; Eupatorium fistulosum Barratt
Spotted JoePyeWeed; Eupatorium maculatum L. Var. maculatum
Common Boneset [Throughwort]; Eupatorium perfoliatum L. var. perfoliatum
Green-Stemmed [Sweet, Sweetscentedt] Joe-Pye-Weed; Eupatorium purpureum L. var. purpureum
Roundleaf Thoroughwort [Boneset]; Eupatorium rotundifolium L. var. ovatum (Bigelow) Torr.
Late Boneset [Lateflowering Thoroughwort]; Eupatorium serotinum Michx.


                                                     4
Big-Leaved [Leaf] Aster; Eurybia macrophylla (L.) Cass. (Aster macrophylla)
Schreber's Aster; Eurybia schreberi (Nees) Nees (Aster schreberi)
[Common] Flat-Top [Lance-Leaved; Grass-Leaved] Goldenrod; Euthamia graminifolia (L.) Nutt. var.
 graminifolia
Great Plains Flat-Topped [or Slender-Leaved Goldenrod]; Euthamia gymnospermoides Greene (including
  E. remota Greene, Slender-Leaved Goldenrod)
Blanket-Flower [Firewheel, Indian Blanket]; Gaillardia pulchella Fouq. var. pulchella (introduced)
Shaggy Soldier [Common Quickweed]; Galinsoga quadriradiata Cav.
Narrowleaf [Spiny-Toothed] Gumweed; Grindelia lanceolata Nutt. var. lanceolata
Curlycup [Curly-Top] Gumweed; Grindelia squarrosa (Pursh) Dunal
Bitterweed [Yellowdicks]; Helenium amarum (Raf.) H. Rock var. amarum (Introduced)
Common Sneezeweed; Helenium autumnale L.
Purplehead Sneezeweed; Helenium flexuosum Raf.
Common [Garden] Sunflower; Helianthus annuus L.
Woodland Sunflower; Helianthus divaricatus L.
Tall [Giant ] Sunflower; Helianthus giganteus L.
Sawtooth Sunflower; Helianthus grosseserratus Martens
Hairy [Stiff-Haired; Oblong] Sunflower; Helianthus hirsutus Raf.
Maximilian Sunflower; Helianthus maximiliani Schrad.
Ashy [Downy] Sunflower; Helianthus mollis Lam.
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower; Helianthus strumosus L.
Western [Fewleaf] Sunflower; Helianthus occidentalis Riddell
Stiff [Prairie] Sunflower; Helianthus pauciflorus Nutt.
Jerusalem artichoke; Helianthus tuberosus L.
Smooth Oxeye [False] Sunflower; Heliopsis helianthoides (L.) Sweet
Orange Hawkweed [Devil’s Paint-Brush]; Hieracium aurantiacum L. (Introduced)
King Devil [Field Hawkweed]; Hieracium caespitosum Dumort. (Introduced)
Canadian Hawkweed; Hieracium canadense Michx.
Maryland Hawkweed; Hieracium greenii Porter & Britt.
Hairy [Long-Bearded or -Haired] Hawkweed; Hieracium longipilum Torr.
Wall Hawkweed; Hieracium murorum L. (Introduced)
Rough Hawkweed; Hieracium scabrum Michx.
Old Plainsman; Hymenopappus scabiosaeus L'Hér. var. scabiosaeus
[Hairy] Cat's Ear; Hypochaeris radicata L. (Introduced)
[Two-Flowered] Cynthia [dwarfdandelion]; Krigia biflora (Walt.) Blake var. biflora
Potato [Dwarf] Dandelion; Krigia dandelion (L.) Nutt.
Virginia Dwarf-Dandelion; Krigia virginica (L.) Willd.
Wild [Canada] Lettuce; Lactuca canadensis L. var. canadensis
Wild [Canada] Lettuce; Lactuca canadensis L. var. longifolia
Tall Blue [Woodland] Lettuce; Lactuca floridana (L.) Gaertn.
Prickly [Yellow] Lettuce; Lactuca serriola L. (Introduced)
Ox-Eye Daisy; Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. (Introduced)
Rough [Tall] Blazing Star; Liatris aspera Michx.
Cylindrical [Ontario] Blazing Star; Liatris cylindracea Michx.
Dotted Blazing Star [Prairie Snakeroot]; Liatris punctata Hook.
Prairie Blazing Star [Cattail Gay-Feather; Liatris pycnostachya Michx.
Devil's Bite [Northern Blazing Star]; Liatris scariosa (L.) Willd.
Dense [Marsh] Blazing Star; Liatris spicata (L.) Willd.
Scaly Blazing Star; Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx.
[Texas] Skeleton-Plant; Lygodesmia texana (Torr. & A. Gray) Greene
Pineapple-Weed [Disc Mayweed]; Matricaria discoidea DC. (Introduced)
Plains Blackfoot [Rock] Daisy; Melampodium leucanthum Torr. & A. Gray
Ohio Goldenrod; Oligoneuron ohioense (Frank ex Riddell) G.N. Jones [Solidago ohioensis riddell]
Riddell's Goldenrod; Oligoneuron riddellii (Frank ex Riddell) Rydb. [Solidago riddellii]
Stiff [Hard-Leaved] Goldenrod; Oligoneuron rigidum (L.) Small
[Heart-Leaved-] Golden Ragwort; Packera aurea (L.) A.& D. Löve [Senecio aureus]


                                                  5
Butterweed [Goldern Ragwort]; Packera glabella (Poir.) C. Jeffrey
Roundleaf Ragwort [Round-Leaved Golden Ragwort]; Packera obovata (Muhl. ex Willd.) W.A. Weber & A.
   Löve
Small Palafox; Palafoxia callosa (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray
Wild Quinine [American Feverfew]; Parthenium integrifolium L.
White-Flowered Leafcup; Polymnia canadensis L.
White Rattlesnakeroot [Lettuce]; Prenanthes alba L.
Tall Rattlesnakeroot [Rough White Lettuce]; Prenanthes altissima L.
Purple [Glaucous] Rattlesnakeroot [Glaucous White Lettuce]; Prenanthes racemosa Michx. var. racemosa
Rabbit-Tobacco [Old-Field Balsam]; Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium (L.) Hilliard & Burtt ssp. obtusifolium
False Dandelion [Carolina Desert-Chicory ]; Pyrrhopappus carolinianus (Walt.) DC.
Upright Prairie Coneflower [Mexican Hat]; Ratibida columnifera (Nutt.) Woot. & Standl.
Gray-Headed [Pinnate Prairie] Coneflower; Ratibida pinnata (Vent.) Barnh.
Blackeyed Susan; Rudbeckia hirta L.
Cutleaf [Green-Headed, Tall] Coneflower; Rudbeckia laciniata L.
Missouri Orange Coneflower; Rudbeckia missouriensis Engelm. Ex C.L. Boynt. & Beadle
Sweet Coneflower; Rudbeckia subtomentosa Pursh
Browneyed Susan [Thin-Leaved- or Three-Lobed Coneflower]; Rudbeckia triloba L.
Common Groundsel [Old-Man-In-The-Spring]; Senecio vulgaris L. (Introduced)
Starry Rosinweed; Silphium asteriscus L.
[Wholeleaf] Rosinweed; Silphium integrifolium Michx.
Compass Plant; Silphium laciniatum L.
Cup Plant [Indian Cup]; Silphium perfoliatum L.
Prairie-Dock [Prairie Rosenweed]; Silphium terebinthinaceum Jacq. var. terebinthinaceum
Blue-Stemmed [Wreath] Goldenrod; Solidago caesia L.
Yellow-Flowered [Hairy; Large-Flowered] Leafcup; Smallanthus uvedalius (L.) Mack. ex Small
Canadal [Tall] Goldenrod; Solidago canadensis L. var. Canadensis
Zigzag [Broad-Leaved] Goldenrod; Solidago flexicaulis L.
Hairy Goldenrod; Solidago hispida Muhl. ex Willd.
Gray [Old-Field] Goldenrod; Solidago nemoralis Ait.
Roundleaf [Rough Leaved; Swamp] Goldenrod; Solidago patula Muhl. ex Willd. var. patula
Rough [Wrinkleleaf] Goldenrod; Solidago rugosa P. Mill. ssp. rugosa
Showy Goldenrod; Solidago speciosa Nutt.
Field Sow Thistle; Sonchus arvensis L. (Introduced
Spiny-Leaved Sow Thistle; Sonchus asper (L.) Hill (Introduced)
Store-Front [Common] Sow Thistle; Sonchus oleraceus L. (Introduced)
Northern Bog Aster; Symphyotrichum boreale (Torr. & A. Gray) A. Löve & D. Löve (A. borealis
Common Blue [Heart-Leaved] Wood Aster; Symphyotrichum cordifolium (L.) Nesom
Drummond's Aster; Symphyotrichum drummondii (Lindl.) Nesom var. drummondii
[White] Heath Aster; Symphyotrichum ericoides (L.) Nesom var. ericoides
Smooth Blue Aster; Symphyotrichum laeve (L.) A.& D. Löve var. laeve
White Panicle Aster; Symphyotrichum lanceolatum (Willd.) Nesom ssp. lanceolatum var. lanceolatum
Side-Flowering Aster [Calico Aster]; Symphyotrichum lateriflorum (L.) A.& D. Löve var. lateriflorum
New England Aster; Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (L.) Nesom
Skyblue Aster; Symphyotrichum oolentangiense (Riddell) G.L. Nesom var. oolentangiense (A. azureus)
Late Purple [Spreading] Aster; Symphyotrichum patens (Aiton) G.L. Nesom var. patens
Hairy [White Oldfield] Aster; Symphyotrichum pilosum (Willd.) Nesom var. pilosum
Willowleaf Aster; Symphyotrichum praealtum Poir.
Purplestem [Swamp] Aster; Symphyotrichum puniceum (L.) A. Löve & D. Löve var. puniceum
Short's Aster; Symphyotrichum shortii (Lindl.) Nesom
White Arrowleaf Aster; Symphyotrichum urophyllum (Lindl.)
Common Tansy; Tanacetum vulgare L. (Introduced)
Common Dandelion; Taraxacum officinale G.H. Weber ex Wiggers ssp. Officinale (Introduced)
Lakeside Daisy [Eastern Fournerved Daisy]; Tetraneuris herbacea Greene (Hymenoxys acaulis)
Yellow Salsify [Sand Goats-Beard]; Tragopogon dubius Scop. (Introduced)
Common Goat’s-Beard [Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon]; Tragopogon pratensis L. (Introduced)


                                                    6
Coltsfoot; Tussilago farfara L. (Introduced)
Wingstem; Verbesina alternifolia (L.) Britt. ex Kearney
Gravelweed [Yellow Crownbeard]; Verbesina helianthoides Michx.
White Crownbeard [Frostweed; Tickweed]; Verbesina virginica L. var. Virginica
Arkansas Ironweed; Vernonia arkansana DC. [Vernonia crinita Raf.]
Baldwin's [Western] Ironweed; Vernonia baldwinii Torr.
Tall Ironweed; Vernonia gigantea (Walter) Trel.
Woolly Ironweed; Vernonia lindheimeri Gray & Engelm.
Missouri Ironweed; Vernonia missurica Raf.
Clotbur [Rough Cocklebur]; Xanthium strumarium L. [Xanthium chinense]

BALSAMINACEAE – TOUCH-ME-NOT FAMILY (2)
Orange Jewelweed [Spotted Touch-Me-Not]; Impatiens capensis Meerb.
Yellow Jewelweed [Pale Touch-Me-Not]; Impatiens pallida Nutt.

BERBERICACEAE – BARBERRY FAMILY (5)
Japanese Barberry; Berberis thunbergii DC. (Introduced)
Blue Cohosh; Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) Michx.
Twinleaf; Jeffersonia diphylla (L.) Pers.
Algerita [Agarita]; Mahonia trifoliolata (Moric.) Fedde
May-Apple [Mandrake]; Podophyllum peltatum L.

BETULACEAE – BIRCH FAMILY (9)
European Alder; Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. (Introduced)
Speckled Alder; Alnus rugosa (DuRoi) Spreng.
Common Alder; Alnus serrulata (Ait.) Wild.
Yellow Birch; Betula alleghaniensis Britt. var. alleghaniensis
River Birch; Betula nigra L.
Gray [Wire] Birch; Betula populifolia Marsh.
American Hornbeam [Ironwood, Musclewood, Blue-Beech]; Carpinus caroliniana Walt.
[American] Hazelnut [Hazel]; Corylus americana Walt.
[Eastern; Hop] –Hornbeam; Ostrya virginiana (P. Mill.) K. Koch var. virginiana

BIGNONIACEAE – BIGNONIA FAMILY (2)
Trumpet Creeper; Campsis radicans (L.) Seem. ex Bureau
Northern Catalpa [Cigar-Tree]; Catalpa speciosa (Warder) Warder ex Engelm

BORAGINACEAE - BORAGE FAMILY (14)
Hound’s Tongue [Gypsy Flower]; Cynoglossum officinale L. (Introduced)
Wild Comfrey; Cynoglossum virginianum L.
Common Viper's Bugloss [Blueweed]; Echium vulgare L. (Introduced)
Beggar’s-Lice [Stickseed]; Hackelia virginiana (L.) I.M. Johnston
Pasture Heliotrope; Heliotropium tenellum (Nutt.) Torr.
Hoary Puccoon; Lithospermum canescens (Michx.) Lehm.
Hairy [Carolina] Puccon; Lithospermum caroliniense (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) MacM. var. croceum
Virginia Bluebells [Virginia Cowslip]; Mertensia virginica (L.) Pers. ex Link
Smaller [Bay] Forget-Me-Not; Myosotis laxa Lehm.
True Forget-Me-Not; Myosotis scorpioides L. (Introduced)
Strict [Small Flowered] Forget-me-not; Myosotis stricta Link ex Roemer & J.A. Schultes (Introduced)
Spring [White] Forget-me-not [Early Scorpiongrass]; Myosotis verna Nutt.


                                                    7
Soft-Hair Marbleseed [Western False Gromwell]; Onosmodium bejariense DC. ex A. DC.
 var. bejariense (O. Molle)
Common Comfrey; Symphytum officinale L.

BRASSICACEAE (CRUCIFERAE) – MUSTARD FAMILY (39)
Garlic Mustard; Alliaria petiolata (Bieb.) Cavara & Grande (Introduced)
Pale Madwort [Small Alyssum]; Alyssum alyssoides (L.) L. (Introduced)
Mouse-Ear Cress; Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.
Sicklepod; Arabis canadensis L.
Tower Rockcress [Mustard]; Arabis glabra (L.) Bernh.
Hairy Rockcress; Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop.
Smooth Rockcress; Arabis laevigata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Poir. var. laevigata
Lyrate Rockcress [Sand Cress]; Arabis lyrata L.
Yellow Rocket [Bitter WinterCress]; Barbarea vulgaris Ait. f. (Introduced)
Hoary Alyssum [Hoary False Madwort]; Berteroa incana (L.) DC. (Introduced)
Black Mustard; Brassica Nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch (Introduced)
Field Mustard [Turnip]; Brassica rapa L. (Introduced)
American Sea-Rocket; Cakile edentula (Bigelow) Hook.
Shepherd’s Purse; Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. (Introduced)
Slender Toothwort; Cardamine angustata O.E. Schulz
[White] Springcress; Cardamine bulbosa (Schreb. Ex Muhl.) BSP
Cut-Leaved Toothwort [Pepperroot]; Cardamine concatenata (Michx.) Sw.
Limestone Bittercress [Purple Springcress]; Cardamine douglassii Britt.
Hairy Bittercress; Cardamine hirsuta L. (Introduced)
[Western] Tansy Mustard; Descurainia pinnata (Walter) Britton ssp. brachycarpa (Richardson) Detling
Annual Wall [Sand] Rocket; Diplotaxis muralis (L.) DC. (Introduced)
Carolina Draba [Whitlow-Grass]; Draba reptans (Lam.) Fernald
Early Whitlow-Grass [Spring Draba]; Draba verna L. (Introduced)
Spreading Wallflower [Treacle Mustard]; Erysimum repandum L. (Introduced)
Wormseed Wallflower [Mustard]; Erysimum cheiranthoides L. (Introduced)
Dame’s Rocket [Dame’s Violet]; Hesperis matronalis L. (Introduced)
Purple [Violet] Rocket; Iodanthus pinnatifidus (Michx.) Steud.
[Cow; Field] Cress [Peppergrass]; Lepidium campestre L.) Ait. f. (Introduced)
Common [Small] Pepperweed [Peppergrass]; Lepidium densiflorum Schrad. var. densiflorum
Virginia Pepperweed [Common Peppergrass]; Lepidium virginicum L.
Limestoneglade Bladderpod; Lesquerella filiformis Rollins
[Annual] Honesty; Lunaria annua L. (Introduced)
Perfoliate [Claspleaf] Pennycress; Microthlaspi perfoliatum (L.) F.K. Mey. (Thlaspi perfoliatum L.)
  (Introduced)
Watercress; Nasturtium officinale Ait. f. (Introduced)
Common [Bog] Yellowcress; Rorippa palustris (L.) Bess.
Creeping Yellow Cress; Rorippa sylvestris (L.) Besser
[Tall] Tumble Mustard; Sisymbrium altissimum L. (Introduced)
[Common] Hedge Mustard; Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop. (Introduced)
Field Pennycress [Stinkweed]; Thlaspi arvense L. (Introduced)

BROMELIACEAE – BROMELIAD OR PINEAPPLE FAMILY (1)
Spanish Moss; Tillandsia usneoides (L.) L.

BUTOMACEAE – FLOWERING RUSH FAMILY (1)
Flowering Rush; Butomus umbellatus L. (Introduced)




                                                     8
BUXACEAE – BOXWOOD FAMILY (1)
Japanese Pachysandra [Spurge]; Pachysandra terminalis Siebold & Zucc. (Introduced)

CACTACEAE – CACTUS FAMILY (1)
Eastern Prickly-Pear Cactus [Devil’s Tongue]; Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.

CAMPANULACEAE – BELLFLOWER FAMILY (11)
Marsh [Bedstraw] Bellflower; Campanula aparinoides Pursh (C. uliginosa)
Small Bonny Bellflower [Southern Harebell]; Campanula divaricata Michx.
Creeping [Rampion, European] Bellflower; Campanula rapunculoides L.
Tall [American] Bellflower; Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
Cardinal-Flower; Lobelia cardinalis L.
Indian Tobacco; Lobelia inflata L.
Kalm’s [Ontario] Lobelia; Lobelia kalmii L.
Downy Lobelia; Lobelia puberula Michx.
Great Blue Lobelia; Lobelia siphilitica L.
Spiked [Palespike] Lobelia; Lobelia spicata Lam.
[Clasping; Round-Leaved] Venus’s Looking-Glass; Triodanis perfoliata (L.) Nieuwl.

CANNABACEAE – INDIAN HEMP FAMILY (3)
Marijuana [Indian Hemp]; Cannabis sativa L. (Introduced)
Japanese Hops; Humulus japonicus Siebold & Zucc. (Introduced)
American [Common] Hops; Humulus lupulus L.

CAPPARACEAE – CAPER FAMILY (2)
Redwhisker Clammyweed; Polanisia dodecandra (L.) DC. (Introduced)
Spider Flower [Pink Queen]; Cleome hassleriana Chod. (Introduced)

CAPRIFOLIACEAE – HONEYSUCKLE FAMILY (14)
Limber [Glaucous; Smooth-Leaved; Red] Honeysuckle; Lonicera dioica L.
Japanese Honeysuckle; Lonicera japonica Thunb. (Introduced)
Amur Honeysuckle; Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Herder (Introduced)
Tatarian Honeysuckle; Lonicera tatarica L. (Introduced)
Common Elderberry; Sambucus nigra L. ssp.
Coralberry [Buckbrush, Indian Currant]; Symphoricarpos obficulatus Moench
Early [Orange-Fruited] Horse-Gentian; Triosteum aurantiacum Bickn.
Feverwort [Common Horse-Gentian]; Triosteum perfoliatum L.
Mapleleaf Viburnum; Viburnum acerifolium L.
Southern Arrowwood; Viburnum dentatum L.
Wayfaring Tree; Viburnum lantana L. (Introduced)
Nannyberry; Viburnum lentago L.
Rusty [Southern] Blackhaw [Wild Rasin]; Viburnum rufidulum Raf.
Highbush-Cranberry; Viburnum trilobum Marsh.

CARYOPHYLLACEAE – PINK FAMILY (16)
Thymeleaf Sandwort; Arenaria serpyllifolia L. (Introduced)
Field Chickweed; Cerastium arvense L. ssp. velutinum (Raf.) Ugborogho



                                                    9
Big [Common Mouse-Ear] Chickweed; Cerastium fontanum Baumg. ssp. vulgare (Hartm.) Greuter &
  Burdet (Introduced)
Deptford Pink; Dianthus armeria L. (Introduced)
Jagged Chickweed; Holosteum umbellatum L. (Introduced)
Bouncing Bet [Soapwort]; Saponaria officinalis L. (Introduced)
Sleepy Silene [Catchfly]; Silene antirrhina L.
White [Evening] Campion; Silene latifolia Poir. ssp. alba (P. Mill.) Greuter & Burdet (Introduced)
Royal Catchfly; Silene regia Sims
Starry [Campion] Catchfly [windowsfrill]; Silene stellata (L.) Ait. f.
Fire Pink; Silene virginica L. var. virginica
Bladder Campion [Maidenstears]; Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke (Introduced)
[Roadside, Red] Sand Spurrey; Spergularia rubra (L.) J.& K. Presl (Introduced)
Longleaf Starwort [Stitchwort]; Stellaria longifolia Muhl. ex Willd.
Common Chickweed; Stellaria media (L.) Vill. (Introduced)
Star [Great] Chickweed; Stellaria pubera Michx.

CELASTRACEAE – BITTERSWEET FAMILY (7)
Oriental Bittersweet; Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. (Introduced)
[American] Bittersweet [Waxwork]; Celastrus scandens L.
Winged Burning Bush; Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Siebold
Eastern Wahoo [Burningbush]; Euonymus atropurpureus Jacq. var. atropurpureus
European Spindletree; Euonymus europaeus L. (Introduced)
Winter Creeper; Euonymus fortunei (Turcz.) Hand.-Maz. (Introduced)
Running Strawberry Bush; Euonymus obovatus Nutt.

CERATOPHYLLACEAE – HORNWORT FAMILY (1)
Coon's tail [Hornwort]; Ceratophyllum demersum L.

CHENOPODIACEAE – GOOSEFOOT FAMILY (2)
Lamb’s-Quarters [Pigweed]; Chenopodium album L.
Mapleleaf Goosefoot; Chenopodium simplex (Torr.) Raf.

CISTACEAE – ROCKROSE FAMILY (3)
Plains Frostweed [Several-Flowered Rockrose]; Helianthemum bicknellii Fernald
[Longbranch] Frostweed [Solitary-Flowered Rockrose; Rockrose]; Helianthemum canadense L. Michx.
Hairy Pinweed; Lechea mucronata Raf. (L. villosa)

CLUSIACEAE – MANGOSTEEN OR ST. JOHNSWORT FAMILY (9)
Lesser (Small-Flowered) Canadian St. Johnswort; Hypericum canadense L.
Orangegrass; Hypericum gentianoides (L.) B.S.P.
St. Andrew's Cross; Hypericum hypericoides (L.) Crantz ssp. multicaule (Michx. ex Willd.) N. Robson
Kalm's St. Johnswort; Hypericum kalmianum L.
Dwarf [Small Flowered] St. Johnswort; Hypericum mutilum L.
Common St. Johnswort; Hypericum perforatum L. (Introduced)
Shrubby St. Johnswort; Hypericum prolificum L.
Spotted St. Johnswort; Hypericum punctatum Lam.
Roundseed [Round-Fruited] St. Johnswort; Hypericum sphaerocarpum Michx.

COMMELINACEAE – SPIDERWORT FAMILY (8)



                                                    10
Common [Asiatic] Day-Flower; Commelina communis L. (Introduced)
Whitemouth Dayflower; Commelina erecta L.
Virginia Day-Flower; Commelina virginica L.
Wild Crocus [Dwarf Spiderwort]; Tradescantia longipes E.S. Anderson & Woodson
Glaucous [Ohio] Spiderwort [Bluejacket]; Tradescantia ohiensis Raf.
Zigzag [Wide-Leaved] Spiderwort Tradescantia subaspera Ker-Gawl. var. subaspera
Tharp's [Dwarf] Spiderwort; Tradescantia tharpii E.S. Anderson & Woodson
Virginia Spiderwort; Tradescantia virginiana L.

CONOCEPHALACEAE – LIVERWORT FAMILY (1)
Scented Liverwort; Conocephalum conicum (L.) Dumort.

CONVOLVULACEAE – MORNING-GLORY FAMILY (8)
Hedge [Typical] False Bindweed; Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. (Native and Introduced)
Rectangular-sinused Hedge Bineweed; Calystegia silvatica (Kit.) Griseb. Subsp. Fraterniflora (Mack. &
   Bush) Brummitt
Field Bindweed; Convolvulus arvensis L. (Introduced)
Ivyleaf Morning-Glory; Ipomoea hederacea Jacq.
[Fiddle-Leaf] Beach Morning-Glory; Ipomoea imperati (Vahl) Griseb.
Whitestar [Small White Morning-Glory]; Ipomoea lacunosa L.
Wild Sweet Potato [Man of the Earth; Wild Potato Vine]; Ipomoea pandurata (L.) G.F.W. Mey
Tall [Common] Morning-Glory; Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth (Introduced)

CORNACEAE – DOGWOOD FAMILY (7)
Alternate Leaf [Pagoda] Dogwood; Cornus alternifolia L. f.
Silky Dogwood; Cornus amomum Mill.
Bunchberry Dogwood [Dwarf Cornel]; Cornus canadensis L.
Roughleaf Dogwood; Cornus drummondii C.A. Mey.
Flowering Dogwood; Cornus florida L.
Gray [Panicled] Dogwood; Cornus racemosa Lam.
Red Ossier; Cornus sericea L. ssp. Sericea (Cornus stolonifera Michx.)

CRASSULACEAE – STONECROP (SEDUM) FAMILY (4)
Live-Forever [Witch's Moneybags]; Hylotelephium telephium (L.) H. Ohba. ssp. telephium [Sedum
   purpureum] (Introduced)
Ditch Stonecrop; Penthorum sedoides L.
Widow’s Cross; Sedum pulchellum Michx.
Stringy [Whorled-Leaved] Stonecrop; Sedum sarmentosum Bunge (Introduced)

CUMURBITACEAE – GOURD OR CUCUMBER FAMILY (3)
Missouri [Buffalo; Wild] Gourd [Pumpkin]; Cucurbita foetidissima Kunth
Wild Cucumber [White Balsam Apple]; Echinocystis lobata (Michx.) Torr. & Gray
[One-Seeded] Bur Cucumber; Sicyos angulatus L.

CUPRESSACEAE – CYPRESS FAMILY (4)
Ashe's Juniper; Juniperus ashei J. Buchholz
Eastern Red Cedar [Juniper]; Juniperus virginiana L. var. virginiana




                                                     11
Bald Cypress; Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich.
Arbor Vitae [Northern White Cedar]; Thuja occidentalis L.

CUSCUTACEAE – DODDER FAMILY (1)
Common Dodder [Scaldweed; Love vine]; Cuscuta gronovii Willd. ex J.A. Schultes var. gronovii

CYPERACEAE – SEDGE FAMILY (8)
Bicknell's Sedge; Carex bicknellii Britton
Gray's Sedge; Carex grayi Carey
Inflated Narrow-Leaf Sedge; Carex grisea Wahlenb. Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. (Carex amphibola
  Steudel var. turgida Fernald)
Shallow [Lurid] Sedge; Carex lurida Wahlenb.
Fox Sedge; Carex vulpinoidea Michx.
Smooth Sawgrass [Twig-Rush]; Cladium mariscoides (Muhl.) Torr.
Strawcolored Flatsedge; Cyperus strigosus L.
Sandswamp Whitetop [Whitetop Sedge]; Rhynchospora latifolia (Baldw. ex Ell.) Thomas

DENNSTAEDTIACEAE – BRACKEN FERN FAMILY (1)
Western Bracken Fern; Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn

DIOSCOREACEAE – YAM FAMILY (2)
Air [Bitter] Yam [ Air Potato]; Dioscorea bulbifera L. (Introduced)
Wild Yam [Yamroot]; Dioscorea villosa L.

DIPSACACEAE – TEASEL FAMILY (2)
Common [Fuller’s] Teasel; Dipsacus fullonum L. ssp. sylvestris (Huds.) Clapham (Introduced)
Cut-Leaf Teasel; Dipsacus laciniatus L. (Introduced)

DROSERACEAE – SUNDEW FAMILY (2)
Spoonleaf [Spoon-Leaved] Sundew; Drosera intermedia Hayne
Roundleaf Sundew; Drosera rotundifolia L. var. rotundifolia

DRYOPTERIDACEAE – WOOD FERN FAMILY (2)
Sensitive Fern; Onoclea sensibilis L.
Christmas Fern; Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott

EBENACEAE – EBONY FAMILY (1)
Persimmon; Diospyros virginiana L.

ELAEAGNACEAE – OLEASTER FAMILY (2)
Russian Olive; Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Introduced)
Autumn Elaeagnus [Olive]; Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. (Introduced)

EQUISETACEAE – HORSETAIL FAMILY (1)



                                                     12
Field Horsetail; Equisetum arvense L.

ERICACEAE – HEATH FAMILY (9)
Leatherleaf; Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench
Wintergreen [Mountain-Tea; Eastern Teaberry]; Gaultheria procumbens L.
[Black] Huckleberry; Gaylussacia baccata (Wangenh.) K. Koch
Great [Rosebay] Rhododendron [Laurel]; Rhododendron maximum L.
Lowbush Blueberry; Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton
[Northern] Highbush Blueberry; Vaccinium corymbosum L.
Small Cranberry; Vaccinium oxycoccos L.
Blue Ridge blueberry; Vaccinium pallidum Aiton
Deerberry [Highbush or Squaw Huckleberry]; Vaccinium stamineum L.

EUPHORBIACEAE – SPURGE FAMILY (19)
Slender Three-Seed Mercury; Acalypha monococca (Engelm. ex Gray) L. Mill. & Gandhi
Pineland Threeseed Mercury [Roughpod Copperleaf]; Acalypha ostryifolia Riddell
Common Threeseed Mercury; Acalypha rhomboidea Raf.
Virginia Threeseed Mercury; Acalypha virginica L.
Creeping [Prostrate] Spurge [Spotted Sandmat]; Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small (Euphorbia maculata)
Prairie Sandmat; Chamaesyce missurica (Raf.) Shinners
Eyebane [Nodding Spurge]; Chamaesyce nutans (Lag.) Small
Matted Sandmat [Broomspurge]; Chamaesyce serpens (Kunth) Small
Finger Rot [Tread-Softly; Spurge Nettle]; Cnidoscolus urens (L.) Arthur var. stimulosus (Michx.) Govaerts
Prairie Tea [One-Seeded Croton]; Croton monanthogynus Michx.
[Wolly Croton] Hogwort; Croton capitatus Michx.
Tinted Woodland [Wood] Spurge; Euphorbia commutata Engelm. ex A. Gray
Flowering Spurge; Euphorbia corollata L.
Fire on the Mountain [Painted-leaf; Wild Poinsettia; Painted Spurge]; Euphorbia cyathophora Murr.
Cypress Spurge; Euphorbia cyparissias L. (Introduced)
Toothed Spurge; Euphorbia dentata Michx. [Poinsettia dentata]
Snow-On-The-Mountain; Euphorbia marginata Pursh
Missouri Maidenbush; Leptopus phyllanthoides (Nutt.) G.L. Webster (Andrachne phyllanthoides)
Betonyleaf Noseburn; Tragia betonicifolia Nutt.

FABACEAE – PEA OR BEAN FAMILY (68)
Mimosa [Acacia; Silk Tree]; Albizia julibrissin Durazz. (Introduced)
Leadplant; Amorpha canescens Pursh
[Desert] False Indigo; Amorpha fruticosa L.
American Hog-Peanut; Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern.
Ground Nut; Apios americana Medik.
Groundplum Milkvetch; Astragalus crassicarpus Nutt. var. crassicarpus
Groundplum Milkvetch; Astragalus crassicarpus Nutt. var. trichocalyx (Nutt.) Barneby (A. mexicanus)
[Largeleaf] White Wild Indigo; Baptisia alba (L.) Vent. var. macrophylla (Larisey) Isely
Blue Wild [False] Indigo; Baptisia australis (L.) R. Br. var. minor (Lehm.) Fernald
Longbract Wild Indigo; Baptisia bracteata Muhl. ex Elliot var. leucophaea (Nutt.) Kartesz & Gandhi
Yellow Wild Indigo [Horseflyweed]; Baptisia tinctoria (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
Spurred Butterfly Pea; Centrosema virginianum (L.) Benth.
[Eastern] Redbud; Cercis canadensis L. var. canadensis
Partridge-Pea; Chamaecrista fasciculata (Michx.) Greene [Cassia fasciculata]
Sensitive Plant [Partridge Pea]; Chamaecrista nictitans (L.) Moench
[Kentucky] Yellowwood; Cladrastis kentukea (Dum.-Cours.) Rudd



                                                    13
[Purple] Crownvetch [Axseed]; Coronilla varia L. [Introduced]
White Prairie Clover; Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd. var. Candida
Purple Prairie Clover; Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
[Illinois Bundleflower] Prairie Mimosa [False Sensitive Plant]; Desmanthus illinoensis (Michx.) MacM. Ex
   B.L. Robins. & Fern.
Canada [Showy] Tick-Trefoil; Desmodium canadense (L.) DC.
Hoary Tick-Trefoil; Desmodium canescens (L.) DC.
Pointed-Leaved Tick-Trefoil; Desmodium glutinosum (Muhl. ex Willd.) Wood
Illinois Tick-Trefoil; Desmodium illinoense A. Gray
Smooth Tick-Trefoil; Desmodium laevigatum (Nutt.) DC.
Naked-Flower [Bare-Stemmed] Tick-Trefoil; Desmodium nudiflorum (L.) DC.
Panicledleaf Tick-Trefoil; Desmodium paniculatum (L.) DC.
Prostrate [Round-Leaved] Tick-Trefoil; Desmodium rotundifolium DC.
Honey Locust; Gleditsia triacanthos L.
Kentucky Coffeetree; Gymnocladus dioicus (L.) K. Koch
Korean Clover; Kummerowia stipulacea (Maxim.) Makino (Introduced)
Japanese Clover; Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schindl. (Introduced)
[Singletary] Caley Pea; Lathyrus hirsutus L. (Introduced)
Beach Pea; Lathyrus japonicus Willd.
Everlasting [Perennial] Pea; Lathyrus latifolius L. (Introduced)
Marsh Pea [Vetchling]; Lathyrus palustris L.
Shrub Lespedeza; Lespedeza bicolor Turcz. (Introduced)
Roundheaded Bushclover [Lespedeza]; Lespedeza capitata Michx.
Sericea Lespedeza; Lespedeza cuneata (Dum.-Cours.) G. Don (Introduced)
Hairy Bush Clover [Lespedeza]; Lespedeza hirta (L.) Hornem. ssp. hirta Lespedeza capitata Michx.
Slender Bushclover [Lespedeza]; Lespedeza virginica (L.) Britton
Birdfoot Trefoil; Lotus corniculatus L. (Introduced)
Sundial [Wild] Lupine; Lupinus perennis L. ssp. Perennis
Spotted Medick; Medicago arabica (L.) Huds. (Introduced)
Black Medic; Medicago lupulina L. (Introduced)
Alfalfa [Lucerne]; Medicago sativa L. (Introduced)
[Yellow; White] Sweet Clover; Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam. (Introduced)
Nuttall's Sensitive-Briar; Mimosa nuttallii (DC. ex Britton & Rose) B.L. Turner
Sampson's Snakeroot; Orbexilum pedunculatum (Mill.) Rydb. var. pedunculatum
Honey [Glandular] Mesquite; Prosopis glandulosa Torr.
Kudzu; Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr. var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen & S. Almeida (Introduced)
Bristly Locust [Rose Acacia]; Robinia hispida L.
Black Locust; Robinia pseudoacacia L.
Prairie Snoutbean; Rhynchosia latifolia Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray
American [Northern] Wild Senna; Senna hebecarpa (Fern.) Irwin & Barneby
Southern Wild [Maryland] Senna; Senna marilandica (L.) Link
Bigpod Sesbania; Sesbania herbacea (Mill.) McVaugh
Mescal Bean [Texas Mountain Laurel]; Sophora secundiflora (Ortega) Lag. ex DC.
[Sidebeak] Pencil Flower; Stylosanthes biflora (L.) B.S.P.
[Virginia Tephrosia] Goat’s Rue; Tephrosia virginiana (L.) Pers.
Rabbit-Foot Clover; Trifolium arvense L. (Introduced)
Field Clover [Pinnate; Low Hop-Clover]; Trifolium campestre Schreb. (Introduced)
Suckling Clover [Least Hop-Clover]; Trifolium dubium Sibthorp (Introduced)
Alsike Clover; Trifolium hybridum L. (Introduced)
Red Clover; Trifolium pratense L. (Introduced)
White Clover; Trifolium repens L. (Introduced)
Carolina [Woodland] Vetch; Vicia caroliniana Walter
Garden Vetch; Vicia sativa L. (var. segetalis & nigra) (Introduced)
Hairy [Winter] Vetch; Vicia villosa Roth (Introduced)

FAGACEAE – BEECH FAMILY (17)


                                                    14
Chestnut Hybrid; Castanea sp.
American Beech; Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.
White Oak; Quercus alba L.
Swamp White Oak; Quercus bicolor Willd.
Scarlet Oak; Quercus coccinea Muenchh.
Southern Red [Spanish] Oak; Quercus falcata Michx.
Shingle [Laurel] Oak; Quercus imbricaria Michx.
Overcup Oak; Quercus lyrata Walt.
Bur [Mossy-Cup] Oak; Quercus macrocarpa Michx.
Blackjack Oak; Quercus marilandica Münchh.
Chinkapin [Chinquapin] Oak; Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
Pin Oak; Quercus palustris Muenchh.
Willow Oak; Quercus phellos L.
Northern Red Oak; Quercus rubra L. var. rubra (Q. borealis var. maxima) (Marsh.) Ashe
Post Oak; Quercus stellata Wangenh.
Black Oak; Quercus velutina Lam.
[Virginia] Live Oak; Quercus virginiana P. Mill.

FUMARIACEAE – FUMITORY (BLEEDING-HEART) FAMILY (4)
Short-Spurred [Yellow] Corydalis; Corydalis flavula (Raf.) DC.
Squirrel Corn; Dicentra canadensis (Goldie) Walp.
Dutchman’s Breeches; Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernh.
Bleeding Heart; Lamprocapnos spectabilis (L.) (Introduced)

GENTIANACEAE – GENTIAN FAMILY (10)
Branched Centaury; Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce (Introduced)
Lady Bird's Centaury; Centaurium texense (Griseb.) Fernald
American columbo; Frasera caroliniensis Walter
[Harvestbells] Soapwort Gentian; Gentiana saponaria L.
[Closed] Bottle Gentian; Gentiana andrewsii Griseb. var. andrewsii
Greater Fringed Gentian; Gentianopsis crinita (Froel.) Ma
Lesser [Western] Fringed Gentian; Gentianopsis virgata (Raf.) Holub ssp. Virgata (G. procera (Holm) Ma)
[Virginia] Pennywort; Obolaria virginica L.
Rosepink [Common Marsh Pink]; Sabatia angularis (L.) Pursh
Sea Pink [Rose of Plymouth]; Sabatia stellaris Pursh

GERANIACEAE – GERANIUM FAMILY (5)
Redstem Stork’s Bill [Storksbill; Alfilaria; Red-Stemmed Filaree]; Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Hér. ex Ait.
 (Introduced)
Carolina Cranesbill [Carolina Geranium]; Geranium carolinianum L. var. carolinianum
Wild [Spotted] Geranium; Geranium maculatum L.
Dovefoot Geranium; Geranium molle L. (Introduced)
Robert Geranium [Herb-Robert]; Geranium robertianum L. ssp. Robertianum

GROSSULARIACEAE – (CURRANT FAMILY) (5)
American Black Currant; Ribes americanum P. Mill.
Golden [Buffalo] Currant; Ribes aureum Pursh var. villosum DC. (Introduced?)
Eastern Prickly Gooseberry [Dogberry]; Ribes cynosbati L.
Smooth [Hairystem] Gooseberry; Ribes hirtellum Michx.
Missouri Gooseberry; Ribes missouriense Nutt.



                                                     15
HALORAGACEAE – WATER MILFOIL FAMILY (1)

Marsh Mermaidweed; Proserpinaca palustris L. var. amblyogona Fernald

HAMAMELIDACEAE – WITCH-HAZEL FAMILY (3)
Sweet Gum; Liquidambar styraciflua L.
Ozark [Vernal] Witch-Hazel; Hamamelis vernalis Sarg.
American [Southern; Eastern] Witch-Hazel; Hamamelis virginiana L.

HIPPOCASTANACEAE – HORSECHESTNUT (BUCKEYE) FAMILY (3)
Ohio Buckeye; Aesculus glabra Willd. var. glabra
Horse Chestnut; Aesculus hippocastanum L. (Introduced)
Red Buckeye; Aesculus pavia L.

HYDRANGEACEAE – MOCK-ORANGE FAMILY (2)
Wild Hydrangea; Hydrangea arborescens L.
Sweet [Garden] Mock Orange; Philadelphus coronarius L. [Introduced]

HYDROCHARITACEAE – TAPE GRASS or FROG BIT FAMILY (1)

American Eel Grass [Tape Grass]; Vallisneria americana Michx.

HYDROPHYLLACEAE – WATERLEAF FAMILY (6)
Oneflower False Fiddleleaf [Hydrolea]; Hydrolea uniflora Raf.
Great [Appendaged] Waterleaf; Hydrophyllum appendiculatum Michx.
Bluntleaf [Broad-Leaved] Waterleaf; Hydrophyllum canadense L.
Virginia [Eastern] Waterleaf [Shawnee Salad]; Hydrophyllum virginianum L.
Fuzzy Phacelia; Phacelia hirsuta Nutt.
Miami Mist; Phacelia purshii Buckley

IRIDACEAE – IRIS FAMILY (8)
Blackberry Lily; Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC. (Introduced)
Dwarf Crested Iris; Iris cristata Aiton
German Iris [Blue Flag]; Iris germanica L. (Introduced)
Southern Blue Flag [Shreve's Iris]; Iris virginica L. var. shrevei (Small) E.S. Anderson
Larger Blue Flag [Harlequin Blueflag]; Iris versicolor L.
Common Blue-Eyed Grass; Sisyrinchium albidum Raf.
Eastern Blue-Eyed Grass; Sisyrinchium atlanticum E.P. Bicknell
Stout Blue-Eyed Grass; Sisyrinchium augusgtiflium Mill.

JUGLANDACEAE – WALNUT FAMILY (6)
Bitternut Hickory; Carya cordiformis (Wang.) K. Koch
Pecan; Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
Shellbark Hickory; Carya laciniosa (Michx. f.) G. Don
Shagbark Hickory; Carya ovata (Mill.) K. Koch
Butternut [White Walnut]; Juglans cinerea L.



                                                      16
Black Walnu; Juglans nigra L.

JUNCACEAE – RUSH FAMILY (2)
Common Rush; Juncus effusus L.
Torrey's Rush; Juncus torreyi Coville

LAMIACEAE – MINT FAMILY (47)
Yellow Giant Hyssop; Agastache nepetoides (L.) Kuntze
Common [Carpet] Bugle; Ajuga reptans L. (Introduced)
Downy Wood-Mint [Downy Pagoda-Plant]; Blephilia ciliata (L.) Benth.
Hairy Wood-Mint [Pagoda-Plant]; Blephilia hirsuta (Pursh) Benth.
Limestone Calamint; Clinopodium arkansanum (Nutt.) House
Horsebalm [Richweed; Stoneroot]; Collinsonia canadensis L.
[Common] Dittany; Cunila origanoides (L.) Britton
Gill-Over-The-Ground [Ground Ivy]; Glechoma hederacea L. (Introduced)
Drummond's False [Mock] Pennyroyal; Hedeoma drummondii Benth.
Rough False Pennyroyal; Hedeoma hispida Pursh
Henbit; Lamium amplexicaule L. (Introduced)
Purple Deadnettle; Lamium purpureum L. var. purpureum (Introduced)
[Common] Motherwort; Leonurus cardiaca L. (Introduced)
[Cut-Leaved] American [Bugleweed] Water Horehound; Lycopus americanus Muhl. ex W. Bart.
Rough [Water-Horehound] Bugleweed; Lycopus asper Greene
Virginia Water Horehound [Bugleweed]; Lycopus virginicus L.
Lemon [Common] Balm; Melissa officinalis L. (Introduced)
Field [Wild] Mint; Mentha arvensis L.
Peppermint; Mentha piperita L. (hybrid of M. spicata x M. aquatica) (Introduced)
Spearmint; Mentha spicata L. (Introduced)
Foxtail Mint [Spearmint]; Mentha ×villosa Huds. (pro sp.) [spicata × suaveolens] (Introduced)
Eastern Beebalm [Horse Mint]; Monarda bradburiana Beck
[Scarlet] Bee-Balm [Oswego Tea]; Monarda didyma L. (often Introduced)
Wild Bergamot; Monarda fistulosa L. ssp. Fistulosa var. fistulosa
[Brown-Spotted] Horsemint [Spotted Beebalm]; Monarda punctata L. ssp. punctata var. villicaulis
   (Pennell) Palmer & Steyermark
Catnip; Nepeta cataria L. (Introduced)
Beafsteak Plant; Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt. var. crispa (Introduced)
Beafsteak Plant; Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt. var. frutescens. (Introduced)
Narrowleaf False Dragonhead [Obedient Plant]; Physostegia angustifolia Fernald
Slender False Dragonhead; Physostegia intermedia (Nutt.) Engelm. & Gray
False Dragonhead [Obedient Plant]; Physostegia virginiana (L.) Benth.
Common Selfheal [Heal-All]; Prunella vulgaris L.
Narrowleaf [Slender] Mountain Mint; Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Schrad.
Whorled [Hairy] Mountain-Mint; Pycnanthemum verticillatum (Michx.) Pers. var. pilosum (Nutt.)
   Cooperrider
Virginia Mountain-Mint; Pycnanthemum virginianum (L.) T. Dur. & B.D. Jackson ex B.L. Robins. & Fern.
Blue [Pitcher] Sage; Salvia azurea Michx. ex Lam. var. grandiflora
Lyre-Leaved Sage [Cancer Weed]; Salvia lyrata L.
Hairy Skullcap; Scutellaria elliptica Muhl. ex Spreng. var. elliptica
Marsh Skullcap; Scutellaria galericulata L. [S. epilobiifolia]
Hoary [Downy] Skullcap; Scutellaria incana Biehler var. incana
Heart-Leaved Skullcap; Scutellaria ovata Hill ssp. Ovata
Small Skullcap; Scutellaria parvula Michx.
Hyssopleaf [Rough] Hedgenettle; Stachys aspera Michx.
Smooth Hedge-Nettle; Stachys tenuifolia Willd.



                                                  17
American [Canadian] Germander [Wood Sage]; Teucrium canadense L.
False Pennyroyal [Fluxweed]; Trichostema brachiatum L. [Isanthus brachiatus]
Forked Bluecurls [Bastard Pennyroyal]; Trichostema dichotomum L.

LAURACEAE – LAUREL FAMILY (2)
[Northern] Spicebush; Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume
Sassafras; Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees

LEMNACEAE – DUCKWEED FAMILY (1)

Common Duckweed; Lemna minor L.

LENTIBULARIACEAE – BLADDERWORT FAMILY (2)
Flatleaf Bladderwort; Utricularia intermedia Hayne
Common [Great] Bladderwort; Utricularia macrorhiza Le Conte [U. vulgaris]

LILIACEAE – LILY FAMILY (36)
White Colic-Root [Stargrass; Unicorn-Root]; Aletris farinosa L.
Wild [Meadow] Garlic; Allium canadense L. var. canadense
Nodding Wild Onion; Allium cernuum Roth. var. cernuum
Chives; Allium schoenoprasum L. var. schoenoprasum (Introduced)
Wild [Autumn] Onion; Allium stellatum Nutt. ex Ker-Gawl.
Wild [Field] Garlic; Allium vineale L. (Introduced)
Garden Asparagus; Asparagus officinalis L. (Introduced)
Atlantic Camas [Wild Hyacinth]; Camassia scilloides (Raf.) Cory
Lily-Of-The-Valley; Convallaria majalis L. (Introduced)
Texas Sotol; Dasylirion texanum Scheele
White Trout-Lily [White Fawnlily; Mottle-Leaved White Trout-Lily]; Erythronium albidum Nutt.
Yellow Trout-Lily [Yellow Adder’s Tongue; Dogtooth Violet]; Erythronium americanum Ker-Gawl. ssp.
   americanum
Orange Day-Lily; Hemerocallis fulva (L.) L (Introduced)
Yellow [Lemon] Daylily; Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus L. (Introduced)
Carolina Spiderlily; Hymenocallis caroliniana (L.) Herbert
Yellow Stargrass [Common Goldstar]; Hypoxis hirsuta (L.) Coville
Michigan Lily; Lilium michiganense Farw.
Wood Lily; Lilium philadelphicum L. var. andinum (Nutt.) Ker Gawl.
[Wild Lily-Of-The-Valley] Canada Mayflower; Maianthemum canadense Desf.
False Solomon’s-Seal [Feathery Solomon’s Plume; Feathery False Lily of the Valley]; Maianthemum
   racemosum (L.) Link ssp. amplexicaule (Nutt.) LaFrankie
Starry Solomon’s-Plume [Star Flowered Solomon’s Seal; Starry False Lily of the Valley]; Maianthemum
   stellatum (L.) Link
Indian Cucumber Root; Medeola virginiana L.
Common Grape Hyacinth; Muscari botryoides (L.) P. Mill. (Introduced)
Poet’s-Narcissus; Narcissus poeticus L. (Introduced)
Daffodil; Narcissus pseudonarcissus L. (Introduced)
Crow Poison [False Garlic]; Nothoscordum bivalve (L.) Britton (Introduced)
Star-Of-Bethlehem [Sleepydick]; Ornithogalum umbellatum L. (Introduced)
Smooth Solomon’s-Seal; Polygonatum biflorum (Walter) Elliot var. biflorum (Walter) Elliot [excluded]
Great [Large] Solomon’s-Sea; Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell. var. commutatum (J.A. & J.H. Schultes)
   Morong
Hairy Solomon's Seal; Polygonatum pubescens (Willd.) Pursh



                                                   18
Sticky Tofieldia; Triantha glutinosa (Michx.) Baker
Drooping Trillium [Nodding Wakerobin]; Trillium flexipes Raf.
Large-Flowered [Snow, White] Trillium; Trillium grandiflorum (Michx.) Salisb.
Sessile [Toad or Toadshade] Trillium; Trillium sessile L.
Large-Flowered Bellwort [Big Merrybells]; Uvularia grandiflora Sm.
Wild Oats [Little Merrybells, Sessileleaf Bellwort]; Uvularia sessilifolia L.

LINACEAE – FLAX FAMILY (2)

Grooved Flax; Linum sulcatum Riddell
Common [Blue-Flowered] Flax [Linseed]; Linum usitatissimum L. (Introduced)

LOASACEAE – LOASA FAMILY (1)

Chickenthief [Stick Leaf]; Mentzelia oligosperma Nutt. ex Sims

LOGANIACEAE – LOGANIA FAMILY (1)
Woodland Pinkroot; Spigelia marilandica (L.) L.

LYCOPODIACEAE – CLUB-MOSS FAMILY (3)
Fir Clubmoss [Northern Fir-Moss]; Huperzia selago (L.) Bernh.
  ex Schrank & Mart.
Ground Cedar [Ground Pine]; Lycopodium complanatum L.
Tree Ground Pine; Lycopodium dendroideum Michx. (?)

LYTHRACEAE – LOOSESTRIFE FAMILY (5)
[Blue] Waxweed [Clammy Cuphea]; Cuphea viscosissima Jacq. [C. petiolata]
Swamp Loosestrife; Decodon verticillatus (L.) Elliot
Purple Loosestrife; Lythrum salicaria L. (Introduced)
Winged Loosestrife; Lythrum alatum Pursh var. alatum
Lowland Rotala [Wheelwort]; Rotala ramosior (L.) Koehne

MAGNOLIACEAE – MAGNOLIA FAMILY (3)
Tuliptree [Tulip Tree, Yellow-Poplar]; Liriodendron tulipifera L.
Cucumber-Tree; Magnolia acuminata (L.) L.
Umbrella-Tree; Magnolia tripetala (L.) L.

MALVACEAE – MALLOW FAMILY (14)
Velvet-Leaf; Abutilon theophrasti Medik. (Introduced)
Velvet-Leaf Mallow; Allowissadula holosericea (Scheele) D.M. Bates
Hollyhock; Athae rosea L. (Introduced)
Fringed Poppy Mallow [Winecup]; Callirhoe digitata Nutt.
Purple Poppymallow; Callirhoe involucrata (Torr. & A. Gray) A. Gray var. Involucrata
Halberd-Leaved Rose-Mallow; Hibiscus laevis All.
Crimsoneyed [Swamp] Rosemallow; Hibiscus moscheutos L.
Flower-Of-An-Hour; Hibiscus trionum L. (Introduced)
Musk Mallow; Malva moschata L. (Introduced)
Common Mallow [Cheeses]; Malva neglecta Wallr. (Introduced)



                                                     19
Threelobe False Mallow; Malvastrum coromandelianum (L.) Garcke (Introduced)
Wax Mallow [Turk’s Cap]; Malvaviscus arboreus Dill. ex Cav. (Introduced)
Spreading Fanpetals [Sida]; Sida abutifolia Mill. Bates
Prickly Fanpetals [Sida]; Sida spinosa L.

MELASTOMATACEAE – MELASTOME FAMILY (2)
Maryland Meadowbeauty; Rhexia mariana L.
Meadow Beauty [Handsome Harry]; Rhexia virginica L.

MENISPERMACEAE – MOONSEED FAMILY (2)
Carolina Coralbead [Moonseed]; Cocculus carolinus (L.) DC.
[Common] Moonseed; Menispermum canadense L.

MENYANTHACEAE – BUCKBEAN FAMILY (1)
[Bog] Buckbean: Menyanthes trifoliata L.

MOLLUGINACEAE – CARPET-WEED FAMILY (1)
Green Carpetweed; Mollugo verticillata L. (Introduced)

MONOTROPACEAE – INDIAN PIPE FAMILY (1)
Indian Pipe [Corpse Plant]; Monotropa uniflora L.

MORACEAE – MULBERRY FAMILY (2)
Osage-Orange; Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid.
Red Mulberry; Morus rubra L. var. rubra

MYRICACEAE – BAYBERRY FAMILY (2)
Sweet Fern; Comptonia peregrina (L.) Coult.
Southern Bayberry [Wax Myrtle]; Morella cerifera (L.) Small

NELUMBONACEAE – LOTUS FAMILY (1)
American Lotus; Nelumbo lutea Willd.

NYCTAGINACEAE – FOUR-O’CLOCK FAMILY (2)
Pale Umbrella-Wort [White Four-O-Clock]; Mirabilis albida (Walter) Heimerl
Heart-Leaved Umbrella-Wort [Four-O-Clock]; Oxybaphus nyctagineus (Michx.) MacM.

NYMPHAEACEAE – WATER-LILY FAMILY (2)
Yellow Pond-Lily [Bullhead Water-Lily; Spatterdock; Cow Lily]; Nuphar lutea (L.) Sm. ssp. Advena
 (Aiton) Kartesz & Gandhi
American White [Magnolia; Fragrant] Water-Lily; Nymphaea odorata Ait.

NYSSACEAE – SOUR GUM FAMILY (1)



                                                    20
Black Gum [Sour Gum]; Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.

OLEACEAE – OLIVE FAMILY (7)
Eastern Swamp Privet; Forestiera acuminata (Michx.) Poir.
Weeping Forsythia; Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl (Introduced)
Greenstem Forsythia; Forsythia viridissima Lindl. (Introduced)
White Ash; Fraxinus americana L.
Blue Ash; Fraxinus quadrangulata Michx.
[Common] Privet; Ligustrum vulgare L. (Introduced)
[Common] Lilac; Syringa vulgaris L. (Introduced)

ONAGRACEAE – EVENING-PRIMROSE FAMILY (19)
Common [Broadleaf] Enchanter’s-Nightshade; Circaea lutetiana L. ssp. canadensis (L.) Aschers. &
   Magnus
Fringed [Hairy; Northern] Willowherb; Epilobium ciliatum Raf. ssp. Ciliatum
Purpleleaf [Cinnamon] Willowherb; Epilobium coloratum Biehler
Great Hairy [Large Flowered] Willow-Herb; Epilobium hirsutum L. (Introduced)
Biennial Gaura [Beeblossom]; Gaura biennis L.
Velvet Weed [Velvety Gaura]; Gaura mollis James
Seedbox; Ludwigia alternifolia L.
Wingleaf Primrose-Willow; Ludwigia decurrens Walter
Anglestem [Hairy] Primrose-Willow; Ludwigia leptocarpa (Nutt.) H. Hara
Marsh Seedbox [Purslane]; Ludwigia palustris (L.) Elliot
Floating Primrose-Willow; Ludwigia peploides (Kunth) P.H. Raven ssp. glabrescens (Kuntze) P.H. Raven
Common Evening-Primrose; Oenothera biennis L.
Cleland's Evening-Primrose; Oenothera clelandii W. Dietr., Raven & W.L. Wagner
Southern Sundrops [Narrowleaf Evening Primrose]; Oenothera fruticosa L.
Cut-Leaved [Ragged] Evening Primrose; Oenothera laciniata Hill
Threadleaf Evening Primrose [Sundrops]; Oenothera linifolia Nutt.
Missouri Primrose [Bigfruit Evening-Primrose; Glade Lily]; Oenothera macrocarpa Nutt. ssp. Macrocarpa
Pinkladies [Showy Evening Primrose]; Oenothera speciosa Nutt.
Hairy Evening Primrose; Oenothera villosa Thunb.

OPHIOGLOSSACEAE (ADDER’S-TONGUE FAMILY) (1)
Cutleaf [Dissected] Grapefern; Botrychium dissectum Spreng.

ORCHIDACEAE – ORCHID FAMILY (15)
Dragon's Mouth [Swamp Pink]; Arethusa bulbosa L.
[Tuberous] Grass Pink Orchid; Calopogon tuberosus (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. var. tuberosus
Spring Coralroot [Coral Root]; Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
Pink Lady Slipper [Moccasin Flower]; Cypripedium acaule Aiton
White Lady's Slipper; Cypripedium candidum Muhl. ex Willd.
Greater Yellow Lady's Slipper; Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. var. pubescens (Willd.) Knight
[Broadleaf] Helleborine; Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz (Introduced)
Downy Rattlesnake Plantain; Goodyera pubescens (Willd.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
[Yellow] Orange Fringed Orchid; Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
Small Green Wood [Club-Spur] Orchid; Platanthera clavellata (Michx.) Luer [Habenaria clavellata]
Prairie White Fringed Orchid; Platanthera leucophaea (Nutt.) Lindl.
Snakemouth Orchid [Rose Pogonia]; Pogonia ophioglossoides (L.) Ker Gawl.
Nodding Lady's Tresses; Spiranthes cernua (L.) L.C. Rich.




                                                   21
October [Lesser] Lady's Tresses; Spiranthes ovalis Lindl.
Spring [Grass-Leaved] Lady's Tresses; Spiranthes vernalis Engelm. & Gray

OROBANCHACEAE – BROOM-RAPE FAMILY (2)
American Cancer-Root [Squawroot]; Conopholis americana (L.) Wallr.
Beechdrops; Epifagus virginiana (L.) W. Bartram

OSMUNDACEAE – ROYAL FERN FAMILY (2)
Interrupted Fern; Osmunda claytoniana L.
Cinnamon Fern; Osmunda cinnamomea L.

OXALIDACEAE – WOODSORREL FAMILY (5)
Creeping Woodsorrel; Oxalis corniculata L.
Lady’s Woodsorrel; Oxalis fontana Bunge
[Big] Great Yellow Woodsorrel; Oxalis grandis Small
Upright Yellow Woodsorrel [Common Yellow Oxalis]; Oxalis stricta L.
Violet Woodsorrel; Oxalis violacea L.

PAPAVERACEAE – POPPY FAMILY (5)
[Bluestem] Prickly Poppy; Argemone albiflora Hornem.
Lesser Celandine [Poppy]; Chelidonium majus L. (Introduced)
Corn Poppy; Papaver rhoeas L. (Introduced)
Bloodroot; Sanguinaria canadensis L.
Wood [Celandine] Poppy; Stylophorum diphyllum (Michx.) Nutt.

PASSIFLORACEAE – PASSION FLOWER FAMILY (2)

Purple Passion Flower; Passiflora incarnata L.
Yellow Passionflower; Passiflora lutea L.

PHYTOLACCACEAE – POKEWEED FAMILY (1)
[American] Pokeweed; Phytolacca americana L.

PINACEAE – PINE FAMILY (12)
European Larch; Larix decidua Mill. (Introduced)
Tamarack [Larch]; Larix laricina (DuRoi) K. Koch
Douglas Fir; Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirbel) Franco var. menziesii
Norway Spruce; Picea abies (L.) Karst (Introduced)
Jack Pine; Pinus banksiana Lamb.
Shortleaf Pine [Yellow Pine]; Pinus echinata Mill.
Austrian Pine [Black Pine]; Pinus nigra Arnold (introduced)
Red Pine [Norway Pine]; Pinus resinosa Soland.
Eastern White Pine; Pinus strobus L.
Scots [Scotch] Pine; Pinus sylvestris L. (Introduced)
Virginia [Scrub] Pine; Pinus virginiana Mill.
Eastern Hemlock; Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.

PLANTAGINACEAE – PLANTAIN FAMILY (5)


                                                    22
[Large] Bracted Plantain; Plantago aristata Michx.
English [Narrowleaf, Buckhorn] Plantain; Plantago lanceolata L. (Introduced)
Common Plantain; Plantago major L. (Introduced)
Blackseed [American] Plantain; Plantago rugelii Dcne.
Virginia [Dwarf] Plantain; Plantago virginica L.

PLATANACEAE – SYCAMORE OR PLANE-TREE FAMILY (1)
Sycamore [Plane-Tree]; Platanus occidentalis L.

POACEAE [GRAMINEAE] – GRASS FAMILY (8)
Big Bluestem [Turkey-Foot]; Andropogon gerardii Vitman
Cane [Large Cane]; Arundinaria gigantea (Walt.) Chapm.
Field [Mat] Sandbur; Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Fernald
Dune Sandbur; Cenchrus tribuloides L.
Purple Love Grass; Eragrostis spectabilis (Pursh) Steud.
Common [Plume] Reed; Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.
Indian Grass; Sorghastrum nutans (L.) Nash
Sea-Oats; Uniola paniculata L.

POLEMONIACEAE – PHLOX FAMILY (10)
Standing-Cypress; Ipomopsis rubra (L.) Wherry
Cleft Phlox; Phlox bifida Beck
[Wild] Blue [Woodland] Phlox; Phlox divaricata L.
Annual Phlox; Phlox drummondii Hook.
Wideflower [Mountain] Phlox; Phlox latifolia Michx.
Wild Sweet William [Spotted Phlox; Meadow Phlox]; Phlox maculata L.
Garden [Fall, Perennial] Phlox; Phlox paniculata L.
Downy Phlox; Phlox pilosa L.
Moss Phlox; Phlox subulata L.
Greek Valerian [Spreading Jacob’s Ladder]; Polemonium reptans L. var. reptans

POLYGALACEAE – MILKWORT FAMILY (5)
Cross Milkwort [Drumheads]; Polygala cruciata L. var. Aquilonia Fern. & Schub.
Pink Milkwort [Procession Flower]; Polygala incarnata L.
Racemed Milkwort; Polygala polygama Walt.
Field [Purple] Milkwort; Polygala sanguinea L.
Seneca Snakeroot; Polygala senega L.

POLYGONACEAE – BUCKWHEAT (SMARTWEED) FAMILY (21)
American Buckwheat Vine [Ladies’ Eardrops]; Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
Coastal [Sand] Jointweed; Polygonella articulata (L.) Meisn.
Water Smartweed [Knotweed]; Polygonum amphibium L.
Swamp [Longroot; Water] Smartweed Polygonum amphibium L. var. emersum Michx. X Polygonum
 amphibium L. var. stipulaceum Coleman
Dooryard knotweed; Polygonum arenastrum L. (Introduced)
Halberd-Leaved Tearthumb; Polygonum arifolium L.
Black Bindweed; Polygonum convolvulus L. (Introduced)
Japanese Knotweed; Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. & Zucc. (Introduced)
Swamp Smartweed [False (Wild) Water-Pepper]; Polygonum hydropiperoides Michx.


                                                   23
Nodding [Pale, Dock-Leaved] Smartweed [Curlytop Knotweed; Heart’s-Ease]; Polygonum lapathifolium L.
  (Introduced)
Pennsylvania Smartweed [Pink Knotweed; Pinkweed]; Polygonum pensylvanicum L.
[Spotted] Lady’s Thumb; Polygonum persicaria L. (Introduced)
Arrowleaf Tearthumb; Polygonum sagittatum L.
Climbing False Buckwheat; Polygonum scandens L. var. cristatum (Engelm. & Gray) Gleason
Pleatleaf [Slender] Knotweed; Polygonum tenue Michx.
Woodland [Virginia] Knotweed [Jumpseed]; Polygonum virginianum L.
Common Sheep [Field] Sorrel Rumex acetosella L. (Introduced)
Curly [Curled, Sour] Dock; Rumex crispus L. (Introduced)
Bitter [Broad-, Blunt-Leaved] Dock; Rumex obtusifolius L. (Introduced)
Greater Water Dock; Rumex orbiculatus Gray
Swamp Dock; Rumex verticillatus L.

POLYTRICHACEAE – HAIR CAP MOSS FAMILY (2)
Common Hair Cap [Polytrichum] Moss; Polytrichum commune Hedw.
A Polytrichum (Hair Cap) Moss; Polytrichum piliferum Hedw.

PONTEDERIACEAE – WATER-HYACINTH FAMILY (1)
Pickerel Weed; Pontederia cordata L.

PORTULACACEAE – PURSLANE FAMILY (4)
[Virginia] Spring-Beauty; Claytonia virginica L. var. virginica
Largeflower Fameflower [Rock Pink]; Phemeranthus calycinus (Engelm.) Kiger
Purslane [Little Hog Weed] Portulaca oleracea L. (Introduced)
Kiss Me Quick; Portulaca pilosa L

PRIMULACEAE – PRIMROSE FAMILY (12)
Scarlet Pimpernel [Poor Man’s Lookinglass]; Anagallis arvensis L. ssp. arvensis
 (Introduced)
Eastern Shooting Star [Pride of Ohio]; Dodecatheon meadia L. ssp. Meadia
Gooseneck Loosestrife; Lysimachia clethroides Duby (Introduced)
Fringed Loosestrife; Lysimachia ciliata L.
Lance-Leaved Loosestrife; Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
Moneywort [Creeping Jenny]; Lysimachia nummularia L. (Introduced)
Narrow-Leaved [Four-Flowered Yellow] Loosestrife; Lysimachia quadrifloria Sims
Whorled [Yellow, Four-Leaved] Loosestrife; Lysimachia quadrifolia L.
SwampCandle [Earth Loosestrife]; Lysimachia terrestris (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
Tufted Loosestrife; Lysimachia thyrsiflora L.
Water Pimpernel [Brookweed]; Samolus valerandi L. ssp. Parviflorus (Raf.) Hultén
Starflower; Trientalis borealis Raf. ssp. Borealis

PTERIDACEAE – MAIDENHAIR FERN FAMILY (3)

Northern Maidenhair Fern; Adiantum pedatum L.
Slender [Baby] Lip Fern; Cheilanthes feei T. Moore
Purple Cliffbrake [Fern]; Pellaea atropurpurea (L.) Link

PYROLACEAE – SHINLEAF FAMILY (3)



                                                     24
Striped Prince’s Pine [Spotted Wintergreen or Pipsissewa]; Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh
Pipsissewa [Prince’s Pine]; Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W. Bart. ssp. cisatlantica (S.F. Blake) Hultén
Elliptical-Leaved [Waxflower] Shinleaf; Pyrola elliptica Nutt.

RANUNCULACEAE – BUTTERCUP FAMILY (36)
White Baneberry [Doll’s-Eyes]; Actaea pachypoda Ell.
Black Bugbane [Black Cohosh; Black Snakeroot]; Actaea racemosa L. var. racemosa
Red Baneberry; Actaea rubra (Ait.) Willd. ssp. rubra
Canada [Meadow] Anemone; Anemone canadensis L.
Candle Anemone [Long-Headed Thimbleweed]; Anemone cylindrica Gray
American Wood Anemone [WindFlower; Nigntcaps]; Anemone quinquefolia L.
Tall Thimbleweed [Tall Anemone]; Anemone virginiana L.
Wild [Red, American] Columbine; Aquilegia canadensis L.
European Columbine; Aquilegia vulgaris L. (Introduced)
Yellow Marsh Marigold [Cowslip]; Caltha palustris L. var. palustris
Pitcher’s Leatherflower; Clematis pitcheri Torr. & Gray
Virgin’s-Bower [Devil's Darning Needles; Old Man’s Beard]; Clematis virginiana L.
Doubtful [Rocket; Garden] Knight's-Spur [Larkspur]; Consolida ajacis (L.) Schur (Introduced)
Carolina [Wild Blue] Larkspur; Delphinium carolinianum Walter
Glade [Trelease’s] Larkspur; Delphinium treleasei Bush ex K.C. Davis
Dwarf [Rock] Larkspur; Delphinium tricorne Michx.
False Rue Anemone [Isopyrum]; Enemion biternatum Raf. [Isopyrum biternatum]
Sharp-lobed Hepatica [Liverleaf]; Hepatica nobilis Schreber var. acuta (Pursh) Steyermark
Round-lobed Hepatica [Liverleaf]; Hepatica nobilis Schreber var. obtusa (Pursh) Steyermark
Goldenseal [Yellowroot]; Hydrastis canadensis L.
Kidney-Leaved [Littleleaf, Aborted, Small-Flowered] Buttercup [Crowfoot]; Ranunculus abortivus L.
Bulbous Buttercup; Ranunculus bulbosus L. (Introduced)
Tall Buttercup; Ranunculus acris L. var. acris (Introduced)
Early Buttercup; Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
Fig Buttercup [Lesser celandine]; Ranunculus ficaria L. (Introduced)
Yellow Water Buttercup; Ranunculus flabellaris Raf.
Harvey's Buttercup; Ranunculus harveyi (A. Gray) Britton
Swamp [Bristly; Rough; Hispid] Buttercup; Ranunculus hispidus Michx. var. caricetorum (Greene)
  T. Duncan
Hooked Buttercup [Crowfoot]; Ranunculus recurvatus Poir. Var. recurvatus
Creeping Buttercup; Ranunculus repens L. (Introduced)
Cursed Buttercut [Crowfoot]; Ranunculus sceleratus L. var sceleratus
Purple Meadow Rue; Thalictrum dasycarpum Fisch. & Avé-Lall.
Early Meadow-Rue; Thalictrum dioicum L.
Tall Meadow-Rue [King of the Meadow]; Thalictrum polygamum Pursh
Early [Waxy-Leaf; skunk] Meadow-Rue; Thalictrum revolutum
Rue Anemone; Thalictrum thalictroides (L.) Eames & B.

RHAMNACEAE – BUCKTHORN FAMILY (4)
New Jersey Tea; Ceanothus americanus L.
Glossy [European Alder] Buckthorn; Frangula alnus P. Mill.
Carolina Buckthorn; Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
Common [European] Buckthorn; Rhamnus cathartica L. (Introduced)

ROSACEAE – ROSE FAMILY (37)




                                                      25
Small-Flowered Agrimony [harvestlice]; Agrimonia parviflora Ait.
Beaked Agrimony; Agrimonia rostellata Wallr.
Soft [Downy] Agrimony; grimonia pubescens Wallr.
Common [Downy] Serviceberry [Shadbush; Juneberry]; Amelanchier arborea (Michx. f.) Fern. var. arborea
Silverweed Cinquefoil [Silverweed]; Argentina anserina (L.) Rydb.
Goat’s Beard [Bride's Feathers]; Aruncus dioicus (Walter) Fernald
Flowering Quince; Chaenomeles speciosa (Sweet) Nakai (Introduced)
Marsh Cinquefoil [Purple Marshlocks]; Comarum palustre L. (Potentilla palustris)
Shrubby Cinquefoil; Dasiphora fruticosa (L.) Rydb. ssp. floribunda (Pursh) Kartesz
Indian [Mock] Strawberry; Duchesnea indica Andr. Focke (introduced)
[Thick-Leaved, Viriginia] Wild Strawberry; Fragaria virginiana Duchesne
White Avens; Geum canadense Jacq. var. canadense
Rough Avens; Geum laciniatum Murray
Cream [-Colored] Avens; Geum virginianum L.
Spring Avens; Geum vernum (Raf.) Torr. & Gray
Bowman's Root [Indian Physic]; Gillenia trifoliata (L.) Moench
Paradise Apple; Malus pumila Mill. (Introduced)
Black Chokeberry; Photinia melanocarpa (Michx.) Robertson & Phipps
Ninebark; Physocarpus opulifolius (L.) Maxim.
Silvery [Silver] Cinquefoil; Potentilla argentea L (Introduced).
Sulfur Cinquefoil; Potentilla recta L. (Introduced)
Rough [Norwegian] Cinquefoil; Potentilla norvegica L. ssp. monspeliensis (L.) Aschers. & Graebn
[Old-Field] Common Cinquefoil; Potentilla simplex Michx.
Sweet Cherry; Prunus avium L. (Introduced)
Mexican [Big Tree; Wild] Plum; Prunus mexicana S. Watson
Wild Goose Plum; Prunus munsoniana W. Wight & Hedrick
Black Cherry; Prunus serotina Ehrh. var. serotina
[Sesquehana Sandcherry]; Prunus susquehanae hort. ex Willd. [Prunus pumila L. var. cuneata (Raf.)
  Bailey]
Chokecherry; Prunus virginiana L. var. virginiana
Jetbead; Rhodotypos scandens (Thunb.) Makino (Introduced)
Pasture [Carolina] Rose; Rosa Carolina L.
Multiflora [Japanese] Rose; Rosa multiflora Thunb. ex Murr. (Introduced)
Swamp Rose; Rosa palustris Marsh.
Three-Toothed Cinquefoil [Shrubby Fivefingers]; Sibbaldiopsis tridentata (Aiton) Rydb. (Potentilla
   tridentata)
False Spiraea; Sorbaria sorbifolia (L.) A. Braun (Introduced)
White Meadowsweet; Spiraea alba Du Roi var. alba
Steeplebush [Hardhack]; Spiraea tomentosa L.

RUBIACEAE – MADDER OR BEDSTRAW FAMILY (20)
Common Buttonbush; Cephalanthus occidentalis L.
Piedmont Bedstraw; Cruciata pedemontana (Bellardi) Ehrend. (Introduced)
Rough Buttonweed [Poorjoe]; Diodia teres Walt.
Virginia Buttonweed; Diodia virginiana L.
Cleavers [stickywilly]; Galium aparine L.
Arkansas Bedstraw; Galium arkansanum A. Gray
Rough Bedstraw; Galium asprellum Michx.
Northern Bedstraw; Galium boreale L.
Wild Licorice [Licorice Bedstraw]; Galium circaezans Michx.
Shining Bedstraw; Galium concinnum Torr. & A. Gray
Lanceleaf Wild Licorice; Galium lanceolatum Torr.
Bluntleaf Bedstraw [Wild Madder]; Galium obtusum Bigelow ssp. obtusum
Stiff Marsh Bedstraw; Galium tinctorium (L.) Scop.
Azure Bluet [Bluets; Quaker Ladies]; Houstonia caerulea L.


                                                  26
Narrow-Leaved Summer Bluets; Houstonia nigricans (Lam.) Fern.
Venus' Pride; Houstonia purpurea L. var. purpurea
Small Bluets; Houstonia pusilla Schoefp [Houstonia minima]
[Blue] Fieldmadder; Sherardia arvensis L. (Introduced)
Smooth False Buttonweed; Spermacoce glabra Michx.
Diamond Flowers [Narrow-Leaved Summer Bluets]; Stenaria nigricans (Lam.) Terrell var. nigricans

RUTACEAE – RUE (CITRUS) FAMILY (2)
Common Hoptree [Wafer Ash]; Ptelea trifoliata L. ssp. trifoliata
Common Prickly Ash [Toothache Tree]; Zanthoxylum americanum Mill.

SALICACEAE – WILLOW FAMILY (11)
Cottonwood; Populus deltoides Bartr. Ex Marsh.
Bigtooth Aspen; Populus grandidentata Michx.
Quaking Aspen; Populus tremuloides Michx.
White Willow; Salix alba L. (Introduced)
Bebb [Long-Beaked] Willow; Salix bebbiana Sarg.
Coastal Plain [Ward’s] Willow; Salix caroliniana Michx.
Sandbar Willow; Salix interior Rowlee
Shining Willow; Salix lucida Muhl.
Black Willow; Salix nigra Marsh.
Silky Willow; Salix sericea Marsh.
Weeping Willow; Salix ×sepulcralis Simonkai [alba × ?pendulina] (Introduced)

SANTALACEAE – SANDALWOOD FAMILY (1)
Bastard Toadflax; Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. ssp. umbellata

SAPINDACEAE – SOAPBERRY FAMILY (2)

Goldenrain Tree; Koelreuteria paniculata Laxm. (Introduced)
Mexican Buckeye; Ungnadia speciosa Endl.

SARRACENIACEAE – PITCHER-PLANT FAMILY (1)
[Purple] Northern Pitcherplant; Sarracenia purpurea L. ssp. Purpurea

SAURURACEAE – LIZARD’S TAIL FAMILY (1)
Lizard's Tail; Saururus cernuus L.

SAXIFRAGACEAE – SAXIFRAGE FAMILY (7)
[Common, American] Alumroot; Heuchera americana L. var. hirsuticaulis (Wheelock) Rosend., Butters &
  Lakela
Two-Leaved Mitrewort [Bishop’s-Cap]; Mitella diphylla L.
Fen [American] Grass of Parnassus; Parnassia glauca Raf.
[Eastern] Swamp Saxifrage; Saxifraga pensylvanica L.
Sullivant's Coolwort [Sullivantia]; Sullivantia sullivantii (Torr. & A. Gray) Britton
Heartleaf Foamflower [False Miterwort]; Tiarella cordifolia L.
Palmer's Saxifrage; Saxifraga palmeri Bush (may be S. virginiensis Michx. ?)




                                                    27
SCROPHULARIACEAE – FIGWORT OR SNAPDRAGON FAMILY (44)
Smallflower False Foxglove; Agalinis paupercula (Gray) Britt.
Purple False Foxglove [Purple Gerardia]; Agalinis purpurea (L.) Pennell [Gerardia purpurea]
Slender Gerardia [Agalinis; False-Foxglove]; Agalinis tenuifolia Vahl Raf. [Gerardia tenuifolia M. Vahl]
Smooth Yellow False Foxglove; Aureolaria flava (L.) Farw.
Largeflower Yellow False Foxglove; Aureolaria grandiflora (Benth.) Pennell var. cinerea Pennell
Fernleaf Yellow False Foxglove; Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf.
Downy Yellow False Foxglove; Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
American Bluehearts; Buchnera americana L.
[Scarlet] Indian Paintbrush; Castilleja coccinea (L.) Spreng.
Small Snapdragon [Lesser Toadflax]; Chaenorrhinum minus (L.) Lange (Introduced)
White Turtlehead; Chelone glabra L.
Red [Rose] Turtlehead; Chelone obliqua L.
Mullein Foxglove; Dasistoma macrophylla (Nutt.) Raf.
Clammy (Common) Hedgehyssop; Gratiola neglecta Torr.
Sharpleaf Cancerwort [Fluellin]; Kickxia elatine (L.) Dumort. (Introduced)
Narrowleaf Paleseed [Conobea]; Leucospora multifida (Michx.) Nutt. (Conobea multifida)
Butter-And-Eggs; Linaria vulgaris P. Mill. (Introduced)
[Yellowseed] False Pimpernel; Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell var. anagallidea (Michx.) Cooperr.
[Yellowseed] False Pimpernel; Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell var. dubia
Roving Sailor [Snapdragon Vine]; Maurandella antirrhiniflora (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Rothm.
Japanese mazus; Mazus pumilus (Burm. f.) Steenis (Introduced)
American [Narrowleaf] Cow-Wheat; Melampyrum lineare Desr.
Winged [Sharpwing] Monkey Flower; Mimulus alatus Aiton
[Allegheny] Monkeyflower; Mimulus ringens L.
[Canada] Blue Toadflax; Nuttallanthus canadensis (L.) D.A. Sutton
Princess Tree [Foxglovetree]; Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud.
Wood Betony [Lousewort; Canadian Lousewort]; Pedicularis canadensis L. ssp. canadensis
Swamp Lousewort; Pedicularis lanceolata Michx.
Cobaea Beardtongue; Penstemon cobaea Nutt.
[White; Talus Slope; Foxglove] Beard-Tongue; Penstemon digitalis Nutt. ex Sims
Hairy Beard-Tongue; Penstemon hirsutus (L.) Willd.
Pale Beardtongue; Penstemon pallidus Small
White Wand Beardtongue; Penstemon tubiflorus Nutt.
Late Figwort [Carpenter’s Square]; Scrophularia marilandica L.
Moth Mullein; Verbascum blattaria L. (Introduced)
Common Mullein; Verbascum thapsus L. (Introduced)
Culver’s-Root [-Physic]; Veronicastrum virginicum (L.) Farw.
Water Speedwell; Veronica anagallis-aquatica L.
Corn [Field] Speedwell; Veronica arvensis L. (Introduced)
Ivyleaf Speedwell; Veronica hederifolia L. (Introduced)
Common Speedwell [Gypsyweed]; Veronica officinalis L. (Introduced)
Purslane Speedwell [Neckweed]; Veronica peregrina L.
Birdseye Speedwell; Veronica persica Poir. (Introduced)
Thyme-Leaved Speedwell; Veronica serpyllfiolia L. (Introduced)

SIMAROUBACEAE – QUASSIA FAMILY (1)
Tree-Of-Heaven; Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle (Introduced)

SMILACACEAE – GREENBRIER (CATBRIER) FAMILY (7)
Saw [Fringed] Greenbrier; Smilax bona-nox L.
Upright Carrion-Flower; Smilax ecirrhata (Engelm. Ex Kunth) S. Watson



                                                     28
Cat Greenbrier [Sawbrier]; Smilax glauca Walter
Smooth Carrion-Flower; Smilax herbacea L.
Illinois Greenbrier; Smilax illinoensis Mangaly
Round Leaved [Common] Greenbrier; Smilax rotundifolia L.
Bristly Greenbrier [Catbrier]; Smilax tamnoides L.

SOLANACEAE – NIGHTSHADE (TOMATO) FAMILY (11)
Jimsonweed [Thorn Apple]; Datura stramonium L. (Introduced).
Garden Petunia; Petunia ×atkinsiana D. Don ex Loud. [axillaris × integrifolia] (Introduced)
Longleaf Groundcherry; Physalis longifolia Nutt.
Clammy Groundcherry; Physalis heterophylla Nees var. heterophylla
Husk Tomato [Downy Groundcherry]; Physalis pubescens L.
[Carolina] Horse-Nettle; Solanum carolinense L. var. carolinense
Bittersweet Nightshade; Solanum dulcamara L. var. dulcamara
Silver-Leaf Nightshade; Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav.
Eastern Black Nightshade [West Indian Nightshade]; Solanum ptycanthum Dunal
Buffalo Bur [Kansas Thistle] Nightshade; Solanum rostratum Dunal
Sticky Nightshade; Solanum sisymbriifolium Lam.

SPARGANIACEAE – BUR-REED FAMILY (2)
American Bur-Reed; Sparganium americanum Nutt.
Giant [Broadfruit ] Bur-Reed; Sparganium eurycarpum Engelm.

STAPHYLEACEAE – BLADDERNUT FAMILY (1)
American Bladdernut; Staphylea trifolia L.

TAXACEAE – YEW FAMILY


TILIACEAE – BASSWOOD (LINDEN) FAMILY (1)
American Basswood [Linden]; Tilia americana L.

TYPHACEAE – CATTAIL FAMILY (2)
Narrowleaf [Narrow-Leaved] Cattail; Typha angustifolia L.
Broadleaf [Broad-Leaved] Cattail; Typha latifolia L.

ULMACEAE – ELM FAMILY (6)
Sugarberry [Southern Hackberry]; Celtis laevigata Willd. var. laevigata
[Common, Northern] Hackberry; Celtis occidentalis L.
Winged Elm; Ulmus alata Michx.
American [White] Elm; Ulmus americana L.
Siberian Elm; Ulmus pumila L. (Introduced)
Slippery Elm; Ulmus rubra Muhl.

URTICACEAE – NETTLE FAMILY (4)
[Smallspike] False Nettle [Bog-Hemp]; Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw.
[Canadian] Wood Nettle; Laportea canadensis (L.) Weddell



                                                     29
[Canadian] Clearweed; Pilea pumila (L.) Gray
Stinging Nettle; Urtica dioica L.

VALERIANACEAE – VALERIAN FAMILY (3)
[Beaked] Cornsalad; Valerianella radiata (L.) Dufr. (Introduced)
Prairie Valerian [Tobacco Root]; Valeriana edulis Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray var. ciliata (Torr. & A. Gray)
  Cronquist
Marsh [Swamp; Bog] Valerian; Valeriana uliginosa (Torr. & A. Gray)

VERBENACEAE – VERVAIN FAMILY (12)
American Beautyberry; Callicarpa americana L.
Dakota Mock Vervain; Glandularia bipinnatifida (Nutt.) Nutt. var. bipinnatifida
Rose [Mock] Vervain; Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
American Lopseed; Phryma leptostachya L.
Lanceleaf Fogfruit; Phyla lanceolata (Michx.) Greene
Turkey Tangle Fogfruit [Lippia]; Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
Long-Bracted Vervain [Bigbract Verbena]; Verbena bracteata Lag. & Rodr.
Brazilian Vervain; Verbena brasiliensis Vell. (Introduced)
Blue Vervain [Swamp Verbena]; Verbena hastata L.
Narrow-Leaf Vervain; Verbena simplex Lehm.
Hoary Vervain [Verbena]; Verbena stricta Vent.
White Vervain; Verbena urticifolia L. var. urticifolia

VIOLACEAE – VIOLET FAMILY (12)
Eastern Green Violet; Hybanthus concolor (T.F. Forst.) Spreng.
Field Pansy [Johnny- Jump-Up] ; Viola bicolor Pursh.
Sweet White Violet; Viola blanda Willd.
Canadian White Violet; Viola canadensis L. var. canadensis
[Alpine Violet] Dog Violet; Viola labradorica Schrank [Viola conspersa Reichenb.]
Birdfoot Violet; Viola pedata L.
[Downy] Yellow Violet; Viola Pubescens Ait.
Long-Spurred Violet; Viola rostrata Pursh
Arrow-Leaved Violet; Viola Sagittata Ait.
Common [Wolly] Blue Violet; Viola Sororia Willd.
Striped [Cream, White] Violet; Viola striata Ait.
Three Lobed Violet; Viola triloba Schwein. var. triloba

VISCACAE – CHRISTMASS-MISTLETOE FAMILY (1)
Mistletoe; Phoradendron flavescens (Pursh) Nutt.

VITACEAE – GRAPE FAMILY (7)
Peppervine; Ampelopsis arborea (L.) Koehne
Heartleaf Peppervine [Raccoon Grape]; Ampelopsis cordata Michx.
Virginia Creeper [Five-Leaved Ivy]; Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch.
Woodbine; Parthenocissus vitacea (Knerr) Hitchc.
Summer Grape; Vitis aestivalis Michx.
Riverbank Grape; Vitis riparia Michx.
Muscadine [Grape]; Vitis rotundifolia Michx.

XYRIDACEAE – YELLOW-EYED GRASS FAMILY (1)


                                                     30
Slender Yellow-Eyed-Grass; Xyris torta Sm.




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