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Beratinius1 et 2
Two ancient codices discovered in Berat. Beratinius 1 dates from the 6th century and Beratinius 2 from the
9th. Both form part of the seven "purple codices" which survive today. Beratinius -1, in particular, is an
important reference in the development of biblical and liturgical literature.

Documentary heritage of the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata
The archives include governmental and administrative documents of the territories of the Rio de la Plata region
and concern the operations of the colonial institutions of government, justice, defence, economy and religion
from the seventeenth to the first decade of the nineteenth century. They document activities of the ports of
Buenos Aires and Montevideo and also provide knowledge about the political and commercial relations which
existed between the Viceroyalty and the other countries of the continent as well as with Europe and Africa.

Mashtots Matenadaran Ancient Manuscripts Collection
The collection of approximately 17,000 manuscripts includes almost every sphere of Armenian ancient and
medieval science and culture history, geography, philosophy, grammar, law, medicine, mathematics,
literature, miniature and others, as well as manuscripts in Arabic, Persian, Greek, Syrian, Latin, Ethiopian,
Indian, Japanese, etc..

Endeavour Journal of James Cook
This is the original document, in Cook's handwriting, of his first exploration voyage in the Pacific on HMS
Endeavour from 1768 -71. The first European charting of the east coast of Australia and the first
circumnavigation of New Zealand took place on the voyage. This is the key document which foreshadows
British colonization of Australia (which actually began in 1788) and presaged the tragic consequences for
Australia's indigenous peoples the oldest surviving culture on Earth who, under British law, were effectively
deemed not to exist (the 'terra nullius' doctrine).

Mabo Case Manuscripts
The personal papers of Edward Koiki Mabo are held alongside legal and historical materials relating to the
Mabo Case. Eddie Mabo was an indigenous activist whose efforts resulted shortly after his death in the
Australian High Court overturning the doctrine of 'terra nullius'. The judgment unleashed profound change in
Australia's legal and legislative landscape, influencing the status and land rights of its indigenous peoples and
race relations generally. The significance of the Mabo Case lies in it being an extremely rare instance in world
history of pre-existing tribal law being formally recognized as superior to fundamental law of the 'invading

Atlas Blaeu Van der Hem
A 17th century work, produced by Laurens Van der Hem (1621-1678), containing the 50 volumes of the Atlas
with more than 2,400 maps, prints, drawings, architectural prints and portraits, most of them painted by well
known artists, and a set of four volumes originally made for the Dutch East India Company.

Vienna Dioscurides
Dioscurides' work can be considered as the most important pharmaceutical source of the Ancient World and
was used throughout the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and in later centuries as a dictionary for medical
practitioners. It forms the basis of medical herbal therapeutic knowledge. The Vienna Dioscurides manuscript
rates as a masterpiece of the book art from later Classical Antiquity.

Final document of the Congress of Vienna

The Congress of Vienna had a major influence on the history of the world and transcended the boundaries of
a national culture. It decided upon a new political settlement for Europe after the Napoleonic wars which
determined the political system for over half a century and whose impact in some aspects is still discernible. It
provided the conditions for a long period of peace in Europe and redefined the political relations between the
major European powers.

Historical Collections (1899-1950) of the Vienna Phonogrammarchiv
Founded in 1899, the Vienna Phonogrammarchiv was the first sound archive in the world. The Historical
Collections of the Vienna Phonogrammarchiv (1899-1950) contain over 4,000 recordings of a mainly
ethnolinguistic and ethnomusicological nature collected at a time when sound recording in the anthropological
field work was complicated and technically demanding and therefore not as routine as it became after the
introduction of portable magnetic recorders in the mid fifties.

Papyrus Erzherzog Rainer
The 180,000 papyri in the collection cover every aspect of life: literature, school texts, magic, religion, belief
in an after life, legal matters, financial and military matters, medicine and books on a wide variety of writing
materials and languages used in Egypt between 1500 B C and 1500 AD. The Egyptian book of the dead and
the printed haggadah in Hebrew)are among the unique items in this collection.

Schubert Collection
The Schubert collection at the Vienna City Library is the world's largest collection of Schubertiana. Its core
forms the world's most substantial body of autograph music manuscripts by Schubert and a nearly complete
collection of first editions of his works. The collection is consulted by musicologists from all over the world
and is an indispensable source material for researchers.

Collection of Gothic Architectural Drawings
A unique collection of 425 drawings that are indispensable to the study of the buildings of the Gothic period
(1150 - 1550 A.D.).These drawings date from 1400 to 1550 and are among the oldest surviving architectural
drawings. They bear testimony to the epoch in European history when major constructions began to be
undertaken on the basis of advance planning of every detail.

Brahms Collection
The collection documents the life and works of Johannes Brahms (1833-1897) , one of the major
representatives of the Romantic style. It includes manuscripts of Brahms own works, galley proofs of his
published works, working copies of the first editions of Brahms' works, first and early editions, as well as
original manuscripts, of works by other composers, correspondence addressed to Brahms, his music and
literary library.

Bibliotheca Corviniana (see under Hungary)
Joint inscription with Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary and Italy

Medieval manuscripts on medicine and pharmacy
A unique collection of medical manuscripts containing information and images on complex medicines,
medieval surgical instruments as well as pharmaceutical descriptions of hundreds of natural medicines, plants,
minerals and animal substances.

Documentary Heritage of Enslaved Peoples of the Caribbean
A unique corpus of documentary evidence relating to the lives of enslaved Caribbean people through the 17th,
18th and 19th centuries, that is preserved by the Barbados Museum and Historical Society. The collection
provides invaluable source material for scholars studying the history of Barbados, the model for the
development of the plantation economies of the Caribbean and North America.


Business Archives of the Officina Plantiniana
The Officina Plantiniana is perhaps the most important printing and publishing house that ever existed in
Belgium. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the Officina coincided with an era in which scholars from
the Low Countries (present day Belgium and the Netherlands) were able to play an extremely important part in
the development of western thought. Since providentially, the business archives of the house have been
preserved almost intact they provide an incredible wealth of detailed and accurate data on all aspects of three
hundred years of book history.

Bibliotheca Corviniana (see under Hungary)
Joint inscription with Austria, France, Germany, Hungary and Italy

Colonial Archives
This documentary heritage mainly dates from the colonial period. The history of this period is that of a brief
(scarcely one century) but none the less decisive episode: the meeting between colonizers and colonized,
between Western and African culture which caused major political upheavals in Africa, economic
disintegration, the dislocation of social structures, the disorganization of traditional bonds and the reshaping of
modes of cultural expression and authentic standards of civilization.

The Emperor's Collection: Foreign and Brazilian Photography in the 19th Century
A unique collection of 21,700 photographs assembled and left to the National Library of Brazil by Emperor
Pedro II in 1891. The largest collection of photographs in Latin America, it features works by the first
photographers in the world and testifies to numerous areas of human activity.

Human Rights Archive
Comprising several holdings of human rights organizations active during the military dictatorship period (1973
to 1989), the archive contains a photo register, cassettes and videos, press clippings and other documents
about human rights abuses during this period.

Jesuits of America Fonds
The fonds contains over 128,000 pages produced by the Jesuits documenting the history of the West, the
Spanish Empire of the 17th, 18th and early 19th centuries and inventories of Jesuit properties. The collection
is divided into eight sections corresponding to one country each, with information on other countries in a
smaller volume of documentation.

Ancient Naxi Dongba Literature Manuscripts
The collection contains 1,000 volumes on a variety of content and subjects ranging from ca 30 AD. to the
Tang Dynasty in a pictographic script using more than 2000 characters. It is the only surviving script of its
type. The literature covers politics, philosophy, economy, military affairs, culture, astronomy, farming and

Infiltration of Western Culture in China
China, the birthplace of the Han culture has always been the centre of oriental culture, of which the Qing
Dynasty, China's last feudal dynasty, is particularly representative. The clash between Western and Eastern
culture in 17th century China shaped world history and the archives provide a detailed first-hand account of
the infiltration of Western Culture in China. However, the divergence of the two cultures finally created a
sharp conflict and the Confidential Records of the Qing's Grand Secretariat provide original evidence for this
dramatic historical event. .

Traditional Music Sound Archives
This is the biggest, the most comprehensive and the most complete collection of Chinese traditional and folk
music in China. It covers music of more than 50 nationalities, much of it recorded in the field. As such, it

contains records of folk rituals or folk religious rituals, not recordings of stage performances, so they have
not been refined or polished, and consequently are truer and close to folk life as they reflect original cultural

Golden Lists of the Qing Dynasty Imperial Examination
The Golden Lists are original evidence for a study of China's feudal examination system and lists the names of
many prominent historical figures. They are representative documents of the examination system of the Qing
after many centuries of evolution since the Sui Dynasty (581A.D.). The system had international impact and
influenced recruitment systems in Japan, Korea and Vietnam, as well as several European countries. All
documents have high calligraphic value, and can be considered pieces of art in their own right.

Negros y Esclavos archives
Vast and important testimonial information on the slave trade and slavery from the 16th to the early 19th
centuries in Cartagena, a major slave port on the Caribbean coast of modern Colombia, in the 'Neogranadino'
(New Kingdom of Granada) territory. The collection comprises of 55 files relating to slavery in Colombia as
well as Panama, Venezuela and Ecuador and is part of the wider slave trade project.

Fonds José Martí Pérez
Contains 2,435 documents (a total of 7,177 pages) corresponding to the period of 1827 to 1895, of the
literary, journalistic, revolutionary, diplomatic, biographical and personal work of Jose Marti, as well as his
correspondence with different persons, including his family. Marti was an author and social activist whose
influence has had an enduring influence on Latin American culture in particular.

Archives of the Danish overseas trading companies
The archival group of the Danish overseas trading companies includes the archives of the Danish East India
Company, the Danish Asiatic Company, the Danish West India and Guinea Company and the Danish West
India Trading Company. It consists of around 4,000 protocols and bundles and includes royal charters,
copybooks, letters, instructions, accounts, ships' logs and maps.

Linné Collection
The Danish National Library of Science and Medicine contains a fantastic collection of books by and about
Carl Linné and his pupils. This collection is of about 2,000 items and is considered to be the [fourth?!] best
Linné collection in the world.

Manuscripts and correspondence of Hans Christian Andersen
Manuscripts and letters from/to Hans Christian Andersen comprise the most complete accumulation of Hans
Christian literature in the world, forming the essential sources to research and/or critical editions of his work.
The material in Ny kongelig Samling is based on the current acquisitions of the Library. The Collin manuscript
collection was donated in 1905 and the Holger Laage Petersen collection in 1954. The Arne Portman collection
was purchased in 1969.

Soren Kierkegaard Archives
Manuscripts, drafts, personal papers, letters of Soren Kierkegaard who was very careful in preserving almost
every note that he had written. After his death, his papers were brought from his flat to his brother, the
Bishop of Aalborg. Kierkegaard was both typical and atypical of his time. As a thinker he was far ahead of his
time and as a human being, in many respects, he was deeply rooted in it.

Memory of the Suez Canal
Documents, manuscripts and images concerning the construction of the Suez Canal held by the Association
of the Friends of Ferdinand de Lesseps, the Company of Suez and the Suez Canal Authority. The collection
documents the history, developments, nationalization, and its consequences, of the Canal, of one of the most

important waterways connecting East and West which affected the history of the globe especially the Middle
East over the last two centuries.

Documents of Sultans and Princes
Four hundred scrolls of title deeds which belonged to the Princes and Sultans who ruled Egypt, from the
Fatimid era to the end of the Mamluke era, i.e. 979 A.D. to 1517 A.D. The collection provides information
about social, economic and political life throughout the region over six centuries and is recorded on parchment
and paper in roll form, the longest of which is 40 metres.

Treasures from National Archives and Library Organizations
Ethiopia has rare, precious and priceless manuscripts written in its own alphabet in the form of verse and
prose which reflect its indigenous civilization. The nominated documents are but a few highlights : Homily and
Gospels written on vellum in the XIVth and XVth centuries ; letters from King Tewdros to Queen Victoria of
Britain, from King Menelik II to Nicolas Cesar II, from King Sahlesselass ie of Shoa to the Queen of Britain ;
the first printed publication in Ethiopian history (1513) ; manuscripts written on vellum in the XVIIth, XlXth
and XXth centuries, relating Ethiopian history.

A.E. Nordenskiöld Collection
This comprehensive collection concerns the oldest printed cartographic atlases, geographical works and travel
literature, collected by the founder of the history of cartography, Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld (1832-1901, born in
Finland, died in Sweden), who was also the explorer of the Northeast Passage and the Nordic Regions. The
collection is especially rich in early history of cartography, printed Ptolemaic Atlases, sea atlases and
incunabula. It contains about 5,000 volumes covering knowledge of the expansion of the known world from
Antiquity to Modem Times.

Original Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789-1791
The Declaration is a symbol of universal value in the development of human rights. There are six different
versions, dating from the beginning of the discussion stage to the promulgation of the French Constitution in
1791. The inscription concerns the Declaration of the Rights of Man of 3 November 1789, along with a
signed note and letters patent by King Louis XVI approving the text of the Declaration and various decrees
adopted by the National Assembly between August and November of that year.

Films Lumière
The entire original cinematographic production of the Lumière factory listed on the catalogue. Auguste and
Louis Lumiere are credited with the world's first public film screening on 28 December 1895. It features rare
footage of world leaders such as Queen Victoria and King Umberto of Italy. It also documents military
footage exercises and parades, scenes of daily life, ceremonies and official visits.

Introduction of the decimal metric system, 1790-1837
The metric system (International System of Units) was born in Revolutionary France to replace the chaotic
collection of units. The inscription includes the text of the original proposal concerning weights and measures,
submitted to the French National Assembly by the Bishop of Autun (Talleyrand) in 1790, as well as
subsequent legal texts on this issue dating from 1791 to 1837. The metric system has now become almost
universally used.

Appeal of 18 June 1940
Joint inscription with United Kingdom
Four key documents relating to Charles de Gaulle's 18 June 1940 radio address from London urging France to
resist German occupation. The appeal was regarded as a turning point in World War II and in French national
history as it marked the beginning of the French resistance to Nazi occupation. It exemplified the power of
radio used as a weapon of war rather than entertainment to launch a movement, and influenced the
development of resistance movements in other countries.

Bibliotheca Corviniana (see under Hungary)
Joint inscription with Austria, Belgium, Germany, Hungary and Italy

Illuminated manuscripts from the Ottonian period from the Reichenau monastery
A dispersed set of ten manuscripts, exemplifying book illustration of the Ottonian period in Germany
(Emperor Otto III (983-1002) and his successor Heinrich II (1002-1024)). The illuminations in the Reichenau
manuscripts feature miniatures on the life of Christ and portraits of emperors.

Early cylinder recordings of the world's musical traditions (1893 1952)
This is a unique sound collection with universal significance and intercultural dimensions. More than 145,000
recordings of music representing the cultural heritage of many cultures all over the world excluding Western
Art and Pop music are stored on different sound carriers such as Edison phonograms, analogue and digital
tapes, and all kinds of discs (from 78 shellac discs to LPs and CDs).

Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony no 9, d minor, op. 125
The ninth Symphony of Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) is one of the best known compositions
worldwide. It has one of the most impressive and tremendous conceptions of Beethoven's works. Its
influence on the history of music was decisive and intense in the 19th and 20th centuries and not restricted to
the genre of symphonies only. In the last movement, human voice has been included for the first time in a
symphony. This "Ode to Joy" (An die Freude), which sets a poem of Friedrich von Schiller to music, has
become as a symbol of peace between all nations and peoples of the world.

Literary estate of Goethe
Goethe is the best known German writer and poet globally and this collection of manuscripts includes the
most important of his creative works. The estate of Goethe in its unity, completeness and range of holdings
today represents a unique record not only of the creative work of Goethe but, reflects through his works, the
whole Classical Period in Germany.

42 line Gutenberg Bible
The first book printed in Europe with movable types. From Mainz, the location of Gutenberg's printing office,
the new technology spread all over Europe and the world. Of the original 30 Bibles printed on vellum, only
four have survived in their complete form with all their 1,282 pages. The Goettingen copy, being one of these
four, stands out for its unique contemporary documentary context. The Goettingen Model Book is the
contemporary source of the Bible's illumination, the Notarial Instrument of Ulrich Helmasperger is the only
surviving contemporary document that gives evidence of Gutenberg's invention.

Metropolis Negative of the 2001 restored and reconstructed version.
Fritz Lang's motion picture Metropolis (1927) is without doubt a famous testimony of German silent film art,
a testimony that made history. The combination of motion picture and architecture which had a glittering
premiere in Berlin in January 1927, and an unparalleled success all over the world ever since became the
symbol of a (film) architectural model of the future.

Kinder- und Hausmärchen. Gesammelt durch die Brüder Grimm /Children's and Household Tales
The first systematic compilation and scientific documentation of the entire European and Oriental fairy tale
tradition. They represent the global fairy tale tradition. Translations exist in over 160 languages and cultural
dialects on all continents

Bibliotheca Corviniana (see under Hungary)
Joint inscription with Austria, Belgium, France, Hungary and Italy

Universalis cosmographia secundum Ptholomaei traditionem et Americi Vespucii aliorumque Lustrationes
(see under USA)
Joint inscription with United States of America

Kalman Tihanyi's 1926 Radioskop Patent Application
The documentary heritage is the first description by the inventor of his television system, and the only existing
complete collection of documents representing the Hungarian patent applications he filed in 1926 under the
name "Radioskop". The significance of this document resides in the fact that this where the inventor first laid
out the fundament of modem television featuring a fully electronic television transmitting and receiving system
and introducing, among many novel features, the operating principle of accumulation and "storage" of
electrical charges throughout each scansion cycle.

Bibliotheca Corviniana
Joint inscription with Austria, Belgium, France, Germany and Italy
The Bibliotheca Corviniana was the one of the greatest collection of books in Europe in the Renaissance period
containing works written for King Mathias (1458-1490) and copies of the most important documents known
at that time. It represented the literary production and reflected the state of knowledge and arts of the
Renaissance and included philosophy, theology, history, law, literature, geography, natural sciences, medicine,
architecture, etc

I.A.S. Tamil Medical Manuscript Collection
Mostly Tamil medical manuscripts which reflect the ancient system of medicine, practised by yogis. This
collection includes individual manuscripts concerning the nature and symptoms of diseases, methods of cure,
methods of preparing medicines.

Saiva Manuscripts in Pondicherry
A collection of 11,000 manuscripts that concern mainly the religion and worship of the Hindu God Siva. It
includes the largest collection in the world of manuscripts of texts of the Saiva Siddhanta, a religious tradition,
which spread across the Indian subcontinent and beyond, as far as Cambodia in the East.

Archives of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) (see under Netherlands)
Joint inscription with Indonesia, Netherlands, South Africa and Sri Lanka

Archives of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) (see under Netherlands)
Joint inscription with India, Netherlands, South Africa and Sri Lanka

Malatesta Novello Library
A rare example of a complete, beautifully preserved collection from the mid-15th century, just before the
advent of printing in Europe. 343 manuscripts of different provenance on subjects of a philosophical,
theological and biblical nature as well as classical and scientific works. The collection is a unique example of a
humanistic library of the Renaissance, a time when the dominance of Christian writing and teaching was
giving way to more secular considerations.

Bibliotheca Corviniana (see under Hungary)
Joint inscription with Austria, Belgium, France, Germany and Hungary

Khoja Ahmed Yasawi Manuscript Collection
Three medieval Turkic language (Chagatai) manuscripts dating from the 17th century depict the heritage of
Khoja Ahmed Yasawi and his followers who had a great influence on the development of the spiritual culture
of the ancient Turks and promoted the development of Turkic language and literature.

Nevada-Semipalatinsk, the International Anti-Nuclear Movement
The collection records the activities of the first anti-nuclear non-governmental organization created in 1989 on

the territory of the former USSR and documents the role played in ending nuclear tests at the Semipalatinsk
polygon in Kazakhstan.

Korea (Republic of)
Hunmin Chongum Manuscript
Published in the ninth lunar month of 1446, the manuscript contains the promulgation of the Korean alphabet
of the same name, now called han gai, by Sejong the Great, the fourth king of the Choson Dynasty (reign
1418-1450), the development of which he completed in 1443. It also contains the Haerye, or Commentaries,
later explanations and examples by scholars of the Hall of Worthies, including Chong In J'is So, or Postface.
This edition is therefore often referred to as the Haerye Edition of Hunmin Chongun.

Annals of the Choson Dynasty
This collection covers more than 470 years of the history of the dynasty, from the reign of King T'aejo (1392-
1398), the founder, to the reign of King Ch'olchong (1849 - 1863). The Daily Records were placed in the
custody of the Office for Annals Compilation (Ch'unch'ugwan, ). Nobody, not even the king, was allowed to
read Draft History and Daily Records except historiographers.

Seunjeongwon Ilgi, the Diaries of the Royal Secretariat
The diaries contain the largest amount of authentic historic recordings and state secrets of the Joseon Dynasty
from the 17th century to the early 20th century. Diaries written in the late 19th century and the early 20th
century show how Western influence opened the door of the closed Dynasty. A vast amount of records from
close observation of the king was kept by royal secretaries and scribes and shows the importance of
preserving historic recordings..

Baegun hwasang chorok buljo jikji simche yojeol (vol.II), the second volume of the Anthology of Great
Buddhist Priests' Zen Teachings
Also known as Jikji (other names are Jikji simche yojeol, Jikji simche, Jikji simgyeong), this volume contains
the essentials of Zen Buddhism compiled by the Baegun in the late Goryeo period and was printed the old
Heungdeok-sa temple in Cheongju city, using movable metal types in July 1377. While some earlier metal type
printings were mentioned in the old Korean books, this book is the world=s oldest movable metal type printing
evidence available and signifies an important technical change in the print history of humanity..

Dainu Skapis - Cabinet of folk songs
A massive collecting effort of Latvian folk songs took place during the latter half of the 19th century,
coinciding with the period of National awakening in Europe. Carried out by Latvians themselves, it made the
basis for their national identity. Nearly 218,000 song texts were assembled, classified and published in eight
thick tomes (1894-1915) which remain a source of collective self-confidence and inspiration for Latvians
revealing their rich cultural heritage that had not been previously recorded, yet had endured through centuries
by oral transmission.

Phoenician Alphabet
The invention and evolution of the Phoenician alphabet, the earliest known example of alphabetical as opposed
to hieroglyphic or cuneiform writing. It is the base from which most subsequent alphabets have been

Commemorative Stela from Nahr el-Kalb
A series of commemorative steles depicting Lebanese history from the 14th century BC to the present through
the inscriptions left by successive armies and testify to its relations with the rest of the Middle East and the

Family of Man
The photographic exhibition of Edward J. Steichen in 1955 for the New York Museum of Modern Art

(MoMA) consists of 503 photographs taken by 273 photographers, professional and amateur, famous and
unknown, from 68 countries. Described as the "greatest photographic enterprise ever undertaken", its
underlying idea and imagery have influenced generations of photographers, writers, artists and others.

Correspondence of the late Sultan of Kedah (1882-1943)
These unique records constitute the only available evidence of the Malay Sultanate prior to the advent of
western-style colonialism. They portray the precarious life of a State in transition, straddling between two
powers in a fast-changing world and are useful to research from a number of perspectives, including social
change, economics, politics, foreign relations, education, religion and customs.

Hikayat Hang Tuah
This is regarded both as a Malay literary classic and a traditional epic symbolizing the greatness of Malacca at
that time whilst projecting the bravery of the Malays. It is recognized as a national literary clas sic which is
well-known not only amongst the Malays but also by the people in the Malay Archipelago. The inscription
comprises two manuscripts of Hikayat Hang Tuah, (author unknown) written on old European paper about
200 years ago.

Sejarah Mdayu (The Malay Annals)
The Annals constitute the only available account of the history of the Malay Sultanate in the fifteenth and early
sixteenth century: the origins, evolution and demise of a great Malay maritime empire, with its unique system
of government, administration and politics. They also relate the major transformation in the lives of the people
of the Malay Archipelago from a Hindu Malay matrix to an Islamic Malay culture. Malacca's rapid progress on
account of its cosmopolitan population comprising merchants from India, China, Arabia, Portugal and various
other nations of the world contributed to the social, economic and political evolution of the Malay Kingdom.

Records of French Occupation of Mauritius
Series of records of the French occupation of Mauritius, then known as Isle de France, and the early English
period 17th and 18th century. These series include records of the early French settlements in Isle de France,
and Bourbon, other islands of the Indian ocean, Port of Africa and Asia. Records of the East India Company,
navigation, pirates and corsairs, naval troops and battles in the Indian ocean and the first European settlers in
this part of the world.

Los Olvidados (The Young and the Damned)
The original cellulose nitrate negative of the 1950 film Los olvidados is an acknowledged classic of world
cinema. It has been, and is shown worldwide and has widely influenced the 'social realism' genre of film
making. The film was highly controversial as it showed street children in the urban environment turning to
crime because of the failure of society, a continuing social ill.

Collection of Mexican Codices
The collection comprises one pre-Hispanic codex, 92 colonial originals and 68 period facsimiles. Most of the
pictorial documents which comprise this collection were made in the sixteenth century, although a small
number date from the seventeenth and eighteenth, and an even smaller number, mostly the copies, date from
the nineteenth and the early twentieth century. These pictorial Codices are original sources of pre-Hispanic
culture, the early relations between the native peoples and the Spanish conquistadors, and they are the only
surviving examples of a reading and writing system peculiar to the cultures of Mesoamerica.

Codices and Dossiers from the Marquisate of the Oaxaca valley
Three codices drafted by indigenous scribes (tlacuilos) using their own writing system and written on agave
(maguey) paper which are accompanied by documents drafted by the descendants of Hernàn Cortés. They
constitute indigenous testimony after the Conquest and reflection of pre-Hispanic documents. The codices
have allowed the testimony of the indigenous culture to be preserved, as most of the pre-Hispanic originals
were destroyed.

Codex Techaloyan de Cuajimalpaz
This codex describes how indigenous communities were established in various places in the Valley of Mexico
City. It contains indigenous pictorial elements and text written in Nahuatl. This manuscript comprises a series
of images relating directly to the lands belonging to a village. It also contains the land survey, a regional map,
historical and economic data, a census, an ecological description.

Biblioteca Palafoxiana
The only library in America that faithfully reflects European inheritance through a collection of more than
41,000 books and unique manuscripts. The books are still ordered according to the system used when the
library was first established. It is a rare, if not unique, survivor from the earliest days of the Spanish
colonization of the Americas.

Library Ets Haim Livraria Montezinos
The library collections contain 30,000 printed works (from 1484 to the present day) and 500 manuscripts
(from 1282 to the 20th century) on all aspects of Jewish studies and cultural histor y. The collections are
maintained at the Portuguese Synagogue complex in Amsterdam and reflect the scope of Sephardic Jewish

Archives of the Dutch East India Company (VOC)
Joint inscription with India, Indonesia, South Africa and Sri Lanka
The 25 million pages of records of the Dutch East India Company, the largest of the early modem European
trading companies operating in Asia, contain data relevant to the history of Asian and African local, political
and trade regions over the 17th and 18th centuries. It is preserved in the Netherlands and in former
administrative centres in Jakarta, Colombo, Chennai, and Cape Town. It includes inscriptions on stone,
manuscripts on palm leaf and bark, and printed court chronicles, trade correspondence, maps and drawings.

New Zealand
Treaty of Waitangi
The Treaty of Waitangi is the founding document of the nation of New Zealand. It was signed in the Bay of
Islands on 6 February 1840 by Captain William Hobson, several English residents and approximately 45 Maori
chiefs. It is a unique document because it involved one entire country and one indigenous race and was
considered to be a radical departure in treaties between indigenous races and metropolitan powers.

1893 Women's Suffrage Petition
The Petition led to New Zealand becoming the first self-governing nation in the world where women won the
right to vote. lt was signed by close to one quarter of the female adult population and was, at that time, the
largest petition of its kind signed in New Zealand and other Western countries.

Hendrik Witbooi Papers
The official archives of Witbooi, an African leader in Namibia, around the end of the 19th Century, offer a
rare example of the victims' perception of colonialism. They consist of four (or possibly more) books
containing in-and outgoing diplomatic and administrative correspondence, treaties and proclamations. Witbooi
was a traditional chief who, from 1884 to 1894, resisted German advances by attempting to forge a united
African front.

Leprosy Archives of Bergen
The archives document the breakthrough in scientific understanding and description of leprosy on a
worldwide basis. The documentary heritage from this turning point in the fight against one of the world's
most dreadful diseases represents the only source of data so far that documents, from an epidemiological
point of view, the decline and disappearance of leprosy in a country. Its files have been and are still used for
important epidemiological research .

Henrik Ibsen: A Doll's House
Few plays have had a similar impact globally on social norms and conditions. Few play characters worldwide
can claim an equivalent importance as role model as Nora Helmer. More than anyone, Henrik Ibsen gave
theatrical art a new vitality by bringing into European bourgeois drama an ethical gravity, a psychological
depth, and a social significance which the theatre had lacked since the days of William Shakespeare.

Roald Amundsen's South Pole Expedition 1910-1912
The original film material of Roald Amundsen=s South Pole Expedition consisting of 7 sections of nitrate film.
It is made up of original sequences, filmed between 1910 and 1912.

Jinnah Papers
This collection reflects a period of momentous change in South Asia that culminated in the emergence of two
independent states. It is a unique source for the study of the Muslim Freedom Movement in South Asia and of
the political and personal life of Quaid 1 Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan.

Radio Broadcast of the Philippine People Power Revolution
The collection of sound recordings of 44 audiocassette tapes (61 hours and 33 minutes) and 1 mini disc (25
minutes) documents the unedited day to day radio broadcasts of private, Church-owned and public radio
stations during four days in 1986 marking the transition from dictatorship to democracy through a peaceful
popular uprising which resolved a dangerous military standoff without the use of armed force or loss of life.

Philippine Paleographs (Hanunoo, Buid, Tagbanua and Pala'wan)
Communication by means of symbols and creative graphics is one of man's singular achievements.
Syllabaries, like those that developed in the Philippines, go a step further and represent not merely graphics,
but articulate sounds. Dating back to at least the 10th century, four sets of these syllabaries, out of a
documented seventeen, have survived over the ages and remain in use to this day, notably the Hanunoo
Mangyan syllabary figuring in poetry -ambahan-, and in song.

General Confederation of Warsaw
A unique testimony of democratic compromise granting religious tolerance to the Polish nobility as part of a
consensual pact to maintain social order and preserve the union of Poland and Lithuania. More than 200 seals
are appended to the parchment, a personal commitment of the nobility at the Confederation to guaranteeing
religious tolerance and securing the unity of the state.

Twenty One Demands, Gdansk, August 1980: The birth of the Solidarity trade union a massive social
Written on wooden boards, the 21 Demands were made by the Strike Committee in August 1980 in Gdansk
and led to the creation of Solidarity, the first free trade union within the Communist bloc. This political
watershed also resulted in the establishment of free trade unions, the abolition of censorship and the release of
political prisoners which changed the future fate of Poland, Europe and the world.

Nicolaus Copernicus' masterpiece "De revolutionibus libri sex"
Mikolaj Kopernik (Nicolaus Copernicus) is considered to be one of the fathers of the Renaissance, along with
such illustrious names as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarotti and Galileo. As a humanist, philologist,
doctor and father of modem economy, his place in the pantheon of the world's greatest thinkers is assured
due to his heliocentric theory of the universe. His theory revolutionized man's comprehension of the world and
became the foundation of many branches of science. Kopernik's autography "De revolutionibus libri sex"from
ca 1520 is by for the most important treatise to be found in the Jagiellonian Library in Cracow.

Warsaw Ghetto Archives (Emmanuel Ringelblum Archives)
The Ringelblum Archives consists of a collection of 1,680 archival units (approx. 25,000 pages) retrieved

from the ruins of the Warsaw Ghetto, the largest ghetto in Nazi-occupied Europe (approximately 500,000
inhabitants). It comprises government documents, materials concerning the ghetto resistance, testimonies of
the fate of Jewish communities during the Holocaust, literature, works of art and private correspondence
collected by victims in order to pass on information about the Holocaust to future generations. It documents
the Shoah, the fate of its Jewish community of 3,500,000 people.

Masterpieces of Fryderyk Chopin
Chopin, like Bach, Mozart, Beethoven and Verdi, is considered to be a composer of lasting and universal
value. One of the most important features of his music is its originality and novelty. Apart from Europe, he
also made a name for himself in Asia (especially in Japan and Korea) and in the Americas. Even though
Chopin was one of the fathers of Romanticism, his music had its individual character and his achievements
outclassed those of his predecessors and followers.

Letter of Pêro Vaz de Caminha
The letter, dated 1st May 1500 to the King of Portugal D. Manuel I, is the first document describing the land
and people of Brazil. It was written when the Portuguese arrived in the new world for the very first time and
records Brazil's annexation to the crown of Portugal. The letter is rich in detail, with observations that bear
witness to the encounter of the "old" and "new" worlds.

Russian Federation
Archangel Gospel of 1092
The Gospel is unique from the point of view of its linguistics, palaeography and codicology. It was purchased
by the Rumyantsev Museum in the late of 19th Century and was described and incorporated in the Museum
collection (f. 178) of the manuscript department. It is of great significance in the human written history of
universal philosophy and culture and the development of ancient Russian literature.

Khitrovo Gospel
This Gospel is widely known for eight miniatures and ornaments by Andrei Rublyov and artists from his era.
It was kept in the sacristy of the Troitse Sergievea Lavra and in 1920, the collection of the sacristy was added
to that of the Russian State Library. This Gospel gives an outstanding idea of the stage of the development of
ancient Russian Literature, of its book writing schools and workshops and of the dissemination of the
Slavonic church language.

1st century Slavonic publications in Cyrillic script
This collection of international value, consisting of 63 books, is of great importance to the cultural heritage of
Slavonic nations. Most of these publications are exceptionally rare and some are unique. They antedate the
early books printed by I. Fedorov by 70 years.

Newspaper collections
This is a documentary source of the history of the Russian State and its worldwide influence. It consists of
the first four newspapers of the period of Peter the Great who turned Russia towards the west (the beginning
of the 18th century); the district and provincial newspapers including literary gazettes of the Enlightenment
(mid 19th century); the newspapers of the Russian revolution (from 1905 to 1917) and Great patriotic war
(WWII) which have enormously influenced not only Russia but the whole world as well.

Maps of the Russian Empire and its collection of the 18th century
The collection is one of great cultural importance to the world. Vast geographical explorations and
cartographic work greatly broadened knowledge not only of the interior of the country but of the northern
coast of Asia, the Far East and the Pacific. The second collection "Handwritten and printed town maps of the
2nd half of the 18th to the beginning of the 19th century" is of great interest in terms of toponymic and
economic data about the Russian empire.

Russian posters of the end of the 19th and early 20th centuries
This collection is a part of the pictorial collection of the library. It is the largest collection of Russian posters

in the world and constitutes a valuable national and international heritage of deep importance for studies of
Russian art, culture and history. Mary of the posters are in great demand throughout the world for different

Historical Collections (1889-1955) of St. Petersburg Phonogram Archives
This corpus of over 35,000 historical recordings in the field of ethnomusicology, ethnolinguistics, and
philology, amounts to over 500 hours of recorded sound material. A high proportion of items relate to the
earliest period of recording with a phonograph in the field, i.e. before 1910. These collections represent a
fairly comprehensive legacy of orally transmitted cultures, languages, and rites, which have since undergone
substantial changes, and sometimes have even been lost, of the former Tsarist Russian Empire and the later
Soviet Union. Many of these recordings are the oldest of their kind, and some are unique.

Saudi Arabia
Earliest Islamic (Kufic) Inscription
An inscription located on a red sandstone block of rock in northwestern Saudi Arabia on the ancient trade and
pilgrimage route connecting the early Islamic city of al Mabiyat with Madain Saleh. It is the oldest Islamic
inscription found so far and mentions the date of the death of the second Caliph of Islam, Omar bin al Khattab
in the year 24 Hegira (corresponding to 644 AD).

Fonds of the Afrique occidentale française (AOF)
The AOF holdings, which belong to the common heritage are of a tremendous cultural, historic and social
interest. They include an immense stock of documentation on art and on a number of Islamic brotherhoods
such as Mouridism and Tidjanism, as well as on Catholicism in French West Africa. The AOF holdings
contain some edifying information on the Island of Goree, a symbol of slavery, which has been classified as a
world heritage site by UNESCO.

Serbia and Montenegro
Nikola Tesla's Archive
A unique collection of manuscripts, photographs, scientific and patent documentation, indispensable to the
study of the history of electrification. Tesla's inventions have been crucial to the development of many of
today's technologies including radio, radar, television, motors of all kinds, and computers. The Archive has a
collection of 160,000 pages of patent documentation, scientific correspondence, scientific papers,
manuscripts, technical drawings, scientific measuring data, personal documents, and legal papers and around
1,000 original photographs of Tesla's experiments and inventions.

Miroslav Gospel - Manuscript of 1180 AD.
A manuscript with miniatures of outstanding beauty. It is representative of illuminated manuscripts of a
specific style and iconography resulting from fusion of elements of the West (Italy) and the East (Byzantium)

Illuminated Codices from the Library of the Bratislava Chapter House
A unique collection of more than 3,000 volumes from the 12th to the 19th centuries as well as musical
codices (Bratislava antiphonaries I V) from the 1st and 16th centuries containing numerous illuminations and
illustrations. Of the original 139 medieval codices recorded in the 19th, the holdings currently contain 101
medieval manuscript volumes from the period of the 12th to 16th centuries.

Basagic Collection of Islamic Manuscripts
The collection of 284 volumes of manuscripts including 589 individual works (393 Arabic, 117 Turkish and
88 Persian) contains unique sources of world Islamic culture and has worldwide significance as an
outstanding and comprehensive documentation of Bosnia's written literature in 16th-19th centuries through
evidence of literary and scientific activities of Bosnian Muslim scholars. After the destruction of the National
Library in Sarajevo it has become the unique collection of Bosnian Muslim literature.

South Africa

Bleek collection
The Bleek Collection consists of papers of Dr W H I Bleek (1827-1875), his sister-in-law Lucy Lloyd (1834-
1914), his daughter Dorothea Bleek (1873-1948) and G W Stow (1822-1882) relating to their researches into
the San (Bushman) language and folklore, as well as albums of photographs. Bleek developed a phonetic script
for transcribing the characteristic clicks and sounds of the /Xam language which is used by linguists to this
day. The material provides an invaluable and unique insight into the language, life, religion, mythology, folklore
and stories of this late Stone Age people.

Archives of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) (see under Netherlands)
Joint inscription with India, Indonesia, Netherlands and Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka
Archives of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) (see under Netherlands)
Joint inscription with India, Indonesia, Netherlands and South Africa

Astrid Lindgren Archives
Approx. 100 shelf metres of manuscripts, short hand drafts, correspondence, clippings, photos, audiovisual
recordings and other material created by Astrid Lindgren herself, one of the most influential writers of
literature for children and young adults in the 20th century

Emmanuel Swedenborg Collection
One of the biggest existing collections of manuscripts from the 18th century, and one of the very few in
modern times that has served as the basis for a new Christian church

14th century Tajik Persian Manuscript
This is the most ancient manuscript of Ubayd Zakoni and Hafiz Sherozi and is a great example of classic
literature, containing the complete works ("Kulliyat") of the celebrated Tajik Persian writer Ubayd Zakoni and
"Gazalliyt", by the well known poet Hafiz Sherozi. The manuscript has a special design in which Hafiz' poems
are placed around Ubaid Zakoni's text.

Collection of Arabic Manuscripts and Books
More than 800 books and manuscripts, with some material over 300 years old, providing insight on various
aspects of Islam, Arabic literature and rhetoric, the history of ideas in Zanzibar and Eastern Africa.

German Records of the National Archives
The German Records reflect the situation during the "great period" when most of the European powers were
busily dividing Africa among themselves. During this period, many events took place which changed the face
of Africa, changes which can only be understood by referring to these documents. This includes the
transformation of the German East Africa colony of Tanganyika into present day Tanzania, Rwanda and

King Ram Khamhaeng Inscription
A siltstone pillar from 1292 AD., its four sides bear the oldest known inscriptions in the Thai language in
Sukhotai scripts. The inscription's value as a historical doc ument was made evident when it was used to
support Thailand's successful proposal to inscribe the Historic Town of Sukhothai and Associated Historic
Towns on the World Heritage List in 1991.

Trinidad and Tobago
Derek Walcott Collection
The collection is of world significance. It was generated by Derek Walcott, whose literary output has won
him many outstanding international awards, including the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1992. It consists of

original, unique documents whose social, cultural and spiritual value transcends a national culture.

Eric Williams Collection
The collection is of worldwide significance since it documents the life and times of Dr. Eric Williams, Prime
Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, international statesman and esteemed scholar, during the period 1956-1981.
The material depicts various aspects of Dr. Williams' life and his contribution to Trinidad and Tobago, the
Caribbean region and the world. His scholarship comprises a number of significant writings. His seminal
work, Capitalism and Slavery, has made an indelible contribution to the historiography of slavery and has
defined the study of Caribbean history.

C.L.R. James Collection
Original documents including correspondence, manuscripts, pamphlets, personal and literary papers as wellas
the books that formed the personal library of the late Cyril Lionel Robert James, one of the leading intellectuals
of the 20th century. His influence spanned the Caribbean, Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States of

Süleymaniye Manuscript Library: the works of Ibn Sina
This is the complete collection of all the manuscript copies, some of them dating back to the 10th century, of
surviving works by Abdallah Ibn al Hassan Ibn al Ali Ibn Sina (980-1038), often known by his Latin name of
Avicenna. The manuscripts are unique and some are rendered more precious because of their calligraphic
styles, illuminations, miniatures, illustrations and bindings.

Hittite cuneiform tablets from Bogazköy
The archive of cuneiform clay tablets from Bogazköy (ancient Hattusas) represents the only extant recorded
material about the Hittites civilization, one of the most powerful political organizations of the Middle East
during the 2nd millennium B.C. Most of our knowledge relating to that period of history in Asia Minor and
partially in the Middle East comes from these approx. 25,000 tablets recording social, political, commercial,
military, religious, legislative and artistic lives of the era. They include the Treaty of Quadesh tablets signed
between the Hittites and Egyptians. This well known treaty ofeternal peace guaranteed peace and security
throughout the area.

Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute Manuscripts
Mathematics, medicine and astronomy were the core disciplines of Islamic science in the Ottoman Empire.
There have been quite a number of works written on these subjects in Turkish, Arabic and Persian. The
collection focuses on astronomical, astrological, mathematical and miscellaneous works and is perhaps the
only collection in the world with manuscripts on related subject matters. The collection in the library
comprises a total of 1,339 works in 581 volumes.

Collection of Jewish Musical Folklore (1912-1947)
The world's foremost repository of Jewish folk music recorded on Edison wax cylinders. Comprising over
1,017 cylinders of two to seven minutes of music each, the recordings constitute invaluable source material
for the study of the almost vanished art and traditions of Ashkenazi Jews in the early 20th century.

United Kingdom
The Battle of the Somme
Five reels of 35mm film, total length 5005 ft (1525 metres). A uniquely significant documentary record of one
of the key battles of the First World War and as the first feature-length documentary film record of combat
produced anywhere in the world

Appeal of 18 June 1940 (See under France)
Joint inscription with France

United States of America

Universalis cosmographia secundum Ptholomaei traditionem et Americi Vespucii aliorumque Lustrationes
Joint inscription with Germany
A large uncoloured wall map of the world, on twelve separate and unjoined wood cut sheets centred on
Europe, Asia, and Africa, in the Ptolemaic tradition, showing the Americas on the west side and Japan on the
easternmost portion. This was also the first printed wall map of the world and is the first map to give the
name of "America" to the New World, in honour of Amerigo Vespucci.

Original records of Carlos Gardel Horacio Loriente Collection (1913-1935)
This private collection of 800 original records, with their original paper sleeves, by Carlos Gardel is the most
complete in Uruguay. It includes the 29 musical genres and the different styles, which made up Gardel's
repertoire preserving the singer and film actor's unique voice and art.

Holy Koran Mushaf of Othman
This manuscript is the earliest existing written version of the Koran. It is the definitive version, known as the
Mushaf of Othman, superseding all former versions. The third Caliph Othman, who ordered its compilation,
was assassinated while reading it and his death precipitated the deep Sunni-Shia schism which has divided the
Muslim community since then.

Collection of the Al Biruni Institute of Oriental Studies
This is one of the most important collections of Central Asian manuscripts. It reflects the role of this part of
the world as a crossroads of the Silk Road and its importance in the development of Islamic science and
culture. The collection is of great significance for the study of the history and culture of the peoples of
Central Asia, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran and the Arab world, and of the political, diplomatic and
cultural relations between them.

Writings of the Liberator Simon Bolivar
The work of Bolivar is of universal importance. His writings constitute a political, social and military record
which is still pertinent to the affairs of American and European countries. The importance of his actions is
immeasurable and his political thought and vision of the future are incomparable.

Collection of Latin-American photographs of the 19th Century
This is the most comprehensive historical collection of nineteenth century Latin American photographs in
existence anywhere on the American continent. The collection takes the form of 8,000 titles depicting a great
variety of subjects. These include urban development in major populated centres, ports, landscape, rural life
and important personalities. All the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean are represented.