60th AMEU N van Rensburg - Power by pengxiang

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									Naudé Van Rensburg
Eskom
082 336 1611
Background

• Government growth targets amidst acute
  shortage of skills
    • 2005 – 2009 > 4,5%
    • 2010 – 2014 > 6%
    • ASGISA’s targets to halve
      unemployment and poverty by 2014
    • Produce 50 000 artisans in next 3 years
• Government investing R430bn to realise
  ASGISA targets
• EDI need to ensure that there will be
  sufficient capacity in the unfolding REDS to
  develop and sustain the businesses
 Current Status
• Commercialisation of SOE training facilities 1987
  onwards drastically reduced capacity
• Rationalisation and consolidation 1994 onwards
  further resulted in decline of training facilities
• Severe shortage of qualified instructors
• Lack of qualified Mentors, line coaches, assessors
  – Workplace training
• Big demand on the limited skills pool
• Current growth puts enormous pressure on
  depleted pool of skills
   • High growth rate developed on the back of lows in
     construction industry – lack of building capacity
   • Labour brokering vs investment in Skills development
EDI Needs

 • Estimates in Local Government and Eskom
   indicates a need of 8000 artisans
                           GLOBAL FACTOR 0F 70

                 Capacity Growth based on % Economic Growth rate

25       23
               Growth Rate
20                    18
                                 14                                                      Years
15                                        12
                                                                                          11
                                                   10           9   9           10
10                                             7        8                   8        7
                                      6                                                        6
                             5
     3            4
 5

 0
         1            2          3        4        5        6           7        8         9


              Years to double capacity = 70/annual growth rate
The Challenge




• Where do we start to address and put focus on ?
Pipeline:
Less than 0,6% of pupils who wrote Senior Certificate
in 2006 left school with a “C+” or better for
mathematics1
                          Learners started Grade 1 in 1995
                                     1 666 980


                         Learners reaching grade 7 in 2001
                                      932 161

                                    Learners wrote
                                    Grade12 in 2006
                                        528 525
                                    Passed Matric
                                      exemption         Less than 0.6% (10 000) of pupils
                                        85 830          that started grade 1 in 1995
                                                        qualified for admission in Science
                                        Achieve         and Technology faculties, including
                                          A-C           health, engineering, economics etc.
                                         10 000
1Dr   Jane Hofmeyer, ISASA Mathematics and English Programme, 2007 to 2010
Pipeline
Less than 3% of pupils who wrote Senior
Certificate in 2005 left school with a “C+” or better
for mathematics1
                      Learners writing Senior Certificate in 2005
                                       508 363


                           Writing higher grade mathematics
                                        44 055


                                          Passing
                                           26 383
                                                                         Number of
                                          African                      African school
                                       5 000 – 6 000                   leavers with a
                                                                       “C+” or better
In 2002 was 3 720                                                       (in 2002 was
                                            1 500                         only 700)

1Dr   Jane Hofmeyer, ISASA Mathematics and English Programme, 2007 to 2010
     Pipeline
                      Total number graduates NQF6 to 8
                                                                                                  4248
   4500                                                                     3783
   4000                                                 3565
                                     3306
   3500          2895
   3000
   2500
   2000
   1500
   1000
    500
     0
                 2000                2001               2002                2003                  2004

  Output of all engineering disciplines in SA for which all
  industries compete
Graduation trends and availability National Learners Records Database from SAQA – February 2007
Pipeline
Engineering Graduation Trends and Availability


                                              1799           1912
                                1662
                 1368
 1250
                                                                    1034
                          922           902            924
          812
                                                 293              337
    243             291             283


   2000            2001             2002         2003             2004

    Electrical                  Industrial           Mechanical
  Pipeline

Employment Equity Legislation put demands on
  historically disadvantaged population groups SA
  specific
In 2004 the following available graduates was African:
• 18.5% of graduates across all engineering
  disciplines
• 15% in industrial and mechanical engineering
  disciplines
• 17% in metallurgical engineering
• 20% in mining engineering
• 19% in electrical and electronic engineering
  Migration of Skills
                 Pakistan                                                 Canada
 100%                                                                     Namibia
                  China
                                                                    Rest of Africa
                Zimbabwe
  80%                                                              Rest of Europe
                 Nigeria
                                                                    New Zealand
                   India
  60%                                                                       USA
                    UK
                 Rest of                 South Africa                     Australia
                 Europe
  40%
                 Rest Of                                                    UK
                  Africa
  20%

                  Other                                               Other
   0%       Leading source               South Africa           Leading destination
               countries                                             countries

Documented migration, Statistics South Africa, 2003 Report No. 03-51-03
 Migration of Skills
    100%

     90%

     80%
     70%
     60%
     50%
     40%
     30%
     20%
     10%
        0%     Documented               South Africa          Self-declared
                immigrants                                     emigrants
              Professional             Clerical and sales          Other
              Managerial               Not economically active     SA

Documented migration, Statistics South Africa, 2003 Report No. 03-51-03
     Capacity to deliver in the need


         Training Resources (instructors) in EDI
         73
80
70
60
50
40
                      22
30
                                   16
20
10
 0
       Full-time    Part-time    Contractor
Capacity to deliver in the need


     Training Resource availability in EDI per Category

60            51
50    39                     42     41
                     35                            37
40                                          29
30
20
10
0
  Electrical
  Apprentice,
  Learnership
                          554




                0
      Fitter


   Fitting &



                     36
   Turning



                12
   Welding
                0
Boilermaking
                0



    Rigging
                0
                                Facility Capacity in EDI




      MC&I
                                                           Capacity to deliver in the need




    Cables
                16




   Operating
                     87
  Capacity to deliver in the need
• Preliminary estimates reveal current shortage of
  >120 electrical instructors in SOE
• Estimated shortage in Local Government and
  Eskom > 55 instructors
• Capacity to deliver electrical training indicate 554
• Capacity to train Distribution qualified electricians
  < 250
• Output of existing training centres can be
  increased for “generic” electricians
• To increase capacity for Distribution related
  training require significant investment in facilities
  and instructors
Capacity to deliver in the need (cont)


• Current research indicates that
   • Not sufficient practical workplace training
     opportunities are available
   • Workplace mentoring and Coaching not
     effective due to the
      • Lack of resources
      • Resistance in coaching
    Recommendations to address Capacity
• Industry need to get involved at school level to
   • create interest in Maths and science
   • Assist in building expertise to deliver training
• Develop environment to attract technical instructors
• Create a well-skilled workforce – specialists,
  expertise by
   • Re-employment of retired artisans
   • Attract and training existing artisans as
     instructors
   • Within a well defined strategy consider import of
     instructors for the short term
 Recommendations to address Capacity (cont)


• Create partnerships to build well skills pool that all
  companies can access – optimisation rather than
  amalgamation
• Create training hubs throughout the country
• Create lower entry and exit level qualifications to
  capture school leavers at grade 10, e.g.
   • Linesman
      Competence vs Experience Model

    NQF
5


          Current Situation
                                                  Proposed Process
4



3
                                       Proposed Situation

2




             2                  4          6           8         10
                              YEARS Experience
Recommendations to address Capacity (cont)


• Develop and register skills programmes to give
  employees credits and mobility towards
  qualifications
• Create capacity to develop emerging BEE and
  BWO companies
• Seek support of EWSETA for the support in
  establishment of Institute of Sectoral and
  Occupational Excellence (ISOE)
    Conclusion
• Challenges relating to the skills pipeline cut across
  the education, training and workplace arenas.
• The problem is not merely to equip new entrants
  with skills, but to ensure that they gain the
  appropriate workplace experience to consolidate
  their craftsmanship, supervisory and professional
  capabilities.
• A further challenge is the predominance of an
  aging skill population which needs to be replaced
  without compromising quality and performance”.
  CIDB Skills for infrastructure delivery in South Africa the challenge of restoring
  the skills pipeline discussion document;
    Conclusion
• Studies by different groups revealed;
• There is a lack of the physical infrastructure
• A bigger contributing factor is the low level and
  uneven spread of training intellectual capacity
  (instructors), updated equipment and funding.
• Consolidate existing resources to maximize
  existing capacity and thereafter, engagement
  around alliances and partnerships.
• One of the biggest impediments however, is
  resources to drive such processes.
Recapacitating the state: Locating government’s training capacity. Renee
  Grawitzky
QUESTIONS ?

								
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