Talk &lt;Marine Communication&gt; ?Category: maritime literature Since ancient times, the Ocean has been the intellectual and imaginative challenge to mankind, today, is still unknown territory, the last piece of the planet. Vast ocean to explore the difficult, despite every effort of mankind, can only lift the veil on 12, even if access to scientific and technological advances of the atomic age, the situation remains largely unchanged. In 1860, the Mediterranean has cables need of repair, the staff from 7200 feet deep where the cable one way or another surface, found that cable covered with coral and other epiphytes animals, these creatures apparently from the larvae, he had already attached to go up After several months or years to slowly mature, less likely to pull in the cable before the process of Shanghai face wrap. In 1872, the world&#39;s first dedicated ocean exploration vessel vessel Challenger (Chaue Lager) from England to conduct research around the world, the ship again and again, casting a net, a few miles from the deep sea, covered with red mud, and deep silence a dark area in the middle, pulled in many strange strange creatures, dumped on deck. The first of these strange creatures to light, the past never had seen such creatures, the Challenger&#39;s scientists carefully study, understand that even in the most secluded and far-reaching sea, there are living creatures. Recently found that a large majority of unknown bio-distribution in the global ocean thousands of feet deep, which is human study of marine as the most exciting discoveries over the years. In the first 25 years of the 20th century, came the echo detection method, vessel to be recorded in the road during the depths, then probably no one thought the technology could be used to study deep-sea biology. However, the personnel operating the new equipment was found shortly after, to send out sound waves from the ship as the beam as solid as long as the experience will be reflected back. Some sound waves return from the ocean middle region, most likely because fish encounter, the whale or a submarine before reflection; in these sound waves return, the equipment to the bottom until it receives the reflected sound waves. To the late 1930s, human beings have been well aware of these facts, even the fishermen began to discuss the search using the echo sounder fish. After the war broke out, echo detection technology under strict security control, so no more relevant information out. However, to 1946, the U.S. Navy issued an important announcement, the disclosure of several scientists have been developing deep-sea sonar off the coast of California, Yi Qi, they found a layer of deep-sea distribution in the vast area of the object, sound waves will bounce back; this layer of the object seems to be Suspended between the Pacific sea surface and seabed, an area of more than 300 miles of the area, the depth of about 1000 to 1500 feet below the surface. During World War II, the ocean of human knowledge and find themselves in very short, which set off an exploration boom. We are sailing vessels and submarines through the oceans in the world, only the most superficial of the geographical concept, and although predicted tides, currents and waves ability to change is the key to the success of military operations, but the rhythm of human beings for the sea, still very limited knowledge . Since the ocean is indeed the need to explore, the United States and other major maritime powers began to invest effort to engage in marine scientific research. Through the instruments and equipment (these tools are mostly due to the urgent needs of students), marine scientists to detect seafloor topography, deep changes in the current study, even sample collected from the sea bed. Day after day, is like sailing in a number of albatross round the small room, the room&#39;s walls are soft gray curtain, the floor is as smooth as glass. Sometimes wings like a swallow flying Swallow room, and out through the wall like magic. In the evening, before sunset sinking like a pale silver disc hanging in the rigging of the ship, floating mist, streamer scattered, looking at the picture, we can not help but want to recite a poem by Coleridge. We can feel a powerful force, but can not see the power of appearance ... ... The book writer is 蕾切尔卡森 (Rachel L. Carson ,1907 - 1964), American Nature Writers, a pioneer in the environmental movement, known as the mother of ecological and environmental protection. Women graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1929, 1932, a master&#39;s degree in zoology Hopkins University, received in 1936 became employed by the U.S. Fish Authority aquatic biologist. Published in 1951, &quot;Marine Communication&quot; (17he Sea Around Us), 39 周 won &quot;New York Times&quot; best-selling top. Translator is Fangshu Hui and Yu Jialing. In 1962, she published &quot;Silent Spring&quot; (Silent Spring) caused great repercussions in the community, promoted the rapid development of environmental protection. Her writings are &quot;under the sea breeze&quot; (Under the Sea-Wind), &quot;Ocean&#39;s Edge&quot; (The Edge of the Sea) and so on.