NAPA IN MOZAMBIQUE by jianglifang

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									   NAPA STATUS IN MOZAMBIQUE

              PRESENTATION TO THE
Southern Africa Regional Climate Change Consultation
                     Workshop

         PRETORIA, SOUTH AFRICA
             April 16-17, 2007

      PRESENTED BY: Albertina Bambaige &
               António Mavie
   Climate change impacts - Problem
             identification
• Recent extreme hazard events with devastating effects:
   – Severe droughts: 2001/02, 2002/03 and 2004/05 and now
     2006/07;
   – Severe floods: 2000 (Limpopo basin), 2001 (Zambeze basin),
     2007 (Zambeze basin);
   – Severe cyclone events: Eline (2000), Hudah (2000), Delfina
     (2002), Japhet (2003), Favio (2007);
   – High rate of land degradation and aridity (although no data
     available);
   – Inadequate early warning systems;
   – Climate information inaccessible to rural households and not
     utilized in the planning process;
   – Rainfed agriculture limit overall production;
   – Other hazards include earthquakes and very recently high tides
     along the coast.
Vulnerability in Mozambique: Cyclones
Vulnerability in Mozambique: Floods & Drought
       NAPA main focus:

• Early warning
• Agriculture
• Water
• Energy and environment
  ATLAS FOR
  DISASTER
PREPAREDNES
    S AND
 RESPONSE IN
 THE LIMPOPO
    BASIN

     www.setsan.org.mz

CLICK ON THE LIMPOPO BASIN
           ATLAS
          NAPA PROCESS
• Selection and description of the four key
  sectors was based on:
  – Reports on adaptation measures to the
    climate change impacts;
  – Participatory evaluation;
  – Summary of available information on adverse
    effects of climate change in Mozambique;
  – Consultation of identified key sectors;
  – Quinquennial government plan (2005-2009).
    Expectation and objectives
• Expectation:
  – Implementation of NAPA to contribute to
    the poverty alleviation and as trigger to the
    sustainable development in Mozambique

• Main objective:
  – Present immediate and urgent needs of the
    country collected during the participatory
    evaluation process, of which
    implementation will increase the national
    capacity to deal with climate change
    negative impacts
• Specific objectives include:
  – Strengthen the early warning system
  – Strengthen the household capacity to deal
    with climate change negative impacts
  – Promote reforestation activities
  – Improve the evaluation and control of fluvial
    waters
   Current status and follow-up
• Draft version already finalized
• Draft version sent to the stakeholders for
  feedback process
• National meeting for official endorsement
  to be held after the feedback process
COPING WITH DROUGHT
 AND CLIMATE CHANGE
   - A pilot project -
     Adaptation project to be
implemented in a semiarid area in
  southern Mozambique (Guija
     District, Gaza Province)
STAKEHOLDER INVOLVEMENT

A national inception meeting brought together a number of active
stakeholders in the rural development process (September, 2005)

A local meeting held in the selected pilot site (Guijá District) as
guarantee for local ownership from provincial, district and local
communities (November, 2005).

A number of coordinating meetings took place with implementing
agencies – specific list of project activities, outcomes, expected results
and indicators developed

Institutional commitment to actively participate in the implementation
process during the pilot phase
PROJECT Outcomes and proposed activities
The project will help to achieve the following:
Outcome 1: Farmers/pastoralists in the selected pilot sites are able to cope with
drought
Activities include reduction of land degradation rate through sustainable farming
techniques

Outcome 2: Early warning systems provide timely and relevant information to
farmers/pastoralists to assist them in coping with drought
Activities include: Support in the establishment of local disaster risk management
committees and setting of Community communication facilities;

Outcome 3: Drought preparedness and mitigation policies support farmers/
pastoralists in coping with drought
Project to help in the implementation of the government DAP which includes long
term mitigation activities and adaptation to climate change

Outcome 4: Farmers/ pastoralists outside the pilot sites replicate successful
approaches to cope with drought
Activities include assessment of lessons learned in the piloting site
    Pilot Site
Site selection
Focused in the semi-arid area in
Mozambique (Southwest of Mozambique)

Hazard vulnerability risk maps used as
input

Economic and household baseline data
available

Participatory process at central and local
level has endorsed the selected project
target area

Further refining process taking into
account the accessibility and the need to
combine with ongoing projects led to
Guijá district within the basin
REGIONAL COMPONENT
The regional component is already in place through the following
regional
Organizations:
         SADC/DMC
         SADC/REWS
         SADC/RRSU
The project must help in the process to allow utilization of climate
products by communities in the planning process. Specific
activities to achieve that goal are set in the proposal report
Partnerships/Co-financing
 Potential partners in the co-financing process for this climate change adaptation strategy,
 include:
 •World Bank, European Union, USAID, Sweden Cooperation, Italian Cooperation, ASDI
 •Embassies of Norway, Portugal, Ireland, Japan, Netherlands, Spain, Brazil, Belgium
 •UN agencies: UNHABITAT, WFP, FAO, UNICEF, WHO
 •Government Institutions: MINAG, INGC, DNA, INAM
 •NGOs: Save the Children UK, DFID, OFDA, DANIDAGTZ-PRODER, ACORD, CARITAS,
 CVM, World Vision, ABIODES, German Agrarian Action, SUMARITAN’S PURSE, KULIMA,
 LWF, FDC, ATAP, ORAM, Médicos mundi, AMRUDI, UKOSHA, HOPE


IMPLEMENTATION MODALITY
MICOA will be the hosting and coordinating institution of the project
(project funds will be channeled through MICOA)
Each implementing institution will be responsible for the specific area of
its responsibility, e.g.: DNA for water issues, DNGA for environment
issues, DINA for agriculture issues, etc.

Finalization: Before its implementation, the project design will be
finalized on 27-28 April in Mombansa, Kenya
         Some relevant studies
• Climate Change and Poverty in Mozambique, Realities
  and Response Options for Mozambique, 2006 - Care
• Renewing livelihoods in the face of climate change
  and disruption in rural Mozambique, 2005 -Oxfam
• Pilot in Mozambique: Dealing with climate change,
  2006 – Red Cross
• Disaster Risk Management in the Buzi River, 2005 -
  GTZ
• Summary of the available information on adverse
  impacts of climate change in Mozambique, 2004 -
  MICOA
• Danish climate and Development Action Programme:
  Initial experiences from Vietnam, Tanzania and
  Mozambique -UNEP
     Some relevant studies (cont.)
• Assessment of capacity of disaster risk management, 2005 -
  NCAP
• Assessment of vulnerability to climate changes on unirrigated
  agriculture (household level) – Case study: Maize crop, 2006 -
  MICOA
• Assessment of vulnerability to climate change on fishing,
  2007;
• Assessment of Mozambique experience on climatic disaster
  management, 2006 - UNDP;
• Assessment of vulnerability to climate change impacts of the
  Limpopo basin;
• Assessment of vulnerability to climate change impacts in the
  coastal Zambeze valley.
• Climate Change and Human Health in Mozambique – CLACC
  Project
THANK YOU

								
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