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0209 Green Book Interiors



     AFRICA                                                                                                       MALAWI

     MOZAMBIQUE                                                                                                   Tete

                Progress Towards Environmental Sustainability
                   Mozambique is a country rich in an array of natural resources including             ZIMBABWE
                     wildlife, lumber and minerals, some of which hold a significant exportable                             Beira
                     value. Some of these resources are largely under-exploited due to pro-
                     longed conflict, except for large fauna, which has been significantly
                     impacted by the war. Still, localized practices, such as uncontrolled logging,                                 INDIAN OCEAN
                    hunting, and over-fishing already pose pressure on individual species. Also,
                   inadequate use of water resources, as well as disorganized urban develop-          SOUTH
                  ment, are mainly linked to increased economic activity and may also threaten                       Xai-Xai
              in the long run the existing natural resource base, if this unsustainable trend is                  Maputo
     not reversed early enough.                                                                       SWAZILAND

     The geographical location of Mozambique makes it susceptible to constant floods, cyclones and droughts, all of which have considerable
     impact on the environment. Although comprehensive, existing sectoral policies and programmes have so far not led to the formula-
     tion of a broad, updated and multi-sectoral sustainable development policy, which could provide the much-needed coordinating
     umbrella. Challenges for the formulation of a sustainable development strategy include increased coordination between the Ministry
     of Environment and sectoral ministries to ensure coherence in policies and programmes; identifying ‘win-win’ strategies; increasing
     substantially the current low levels of conservation enjoyed by ecologically significant areas; and promoting integrated environmental
     management with involvement of communities and other stakeholders in areas where it is likely to have success.
                                                                       Moreover, account for the geographical vulnerability of
                                                                       Mozambique in the national development policy framework is
                        QUICK FACTS                                    much needed in order to accommodate for the different types of
                                                                       natural disasters that the country is prone to. Integrating other
                 CURRENT PORTFOLIO BUDGET                              important crosscutting issues into the national development strat-
                                                                       egy, such as gender and HIV/AIDS, also constitutes a priority high on
        Total UNDP-GEF and Co-Finance:                   $200,000
                                                                       Mozambique’s development agenda.
                                 Total:                  $200,000
                                                                       Recent milestones in environmental management in Mozambique
     Cumulative Total ODS Phased-Out:              6.9 ODP tonnes      include the 2001 declaration of the Bazaruto Archipelago as an area
                                                                       under environmental protection. It now ranks among East Africa’s
                                                                       largest national marine parks.1

         Public-Private Partnership Promotes Effective Water Governance2
         Water does not always flow easily in Mozambique. In the provinces of Maputo and Matola, the urban poor lack access to safe
         water supplies, while poor sanitation and infrastructure exacerbate and sustain the high levels of poverty.
         To address these significant challenges, UNDP has established a public-private partnership for more effective water gover-
         nance. Together with the Government and CARE International, UNDP’s Public-Private Partnership for Urban Environment
         (PPPUE) initiative launched a project in 2002, with US$ 100,000 grant funding, to provide water and sanitation services to 20,000
         households in Maputo and Matola. The project is also working to institutionalise dialogue among consumers, private compa-
         nies and municipal councils to protect vulnerable communities from negative impacts of water privatisation. Other partners
         include the Municipal Directorate of Water and Sanitation, the Water Regulatory Council, community-based organisations in the
         cities of Maputo and Matola and Aguas de Mozambique, a private firm currently running water supply and sanitation in both
         Through this innovative grant project, area-based offices and consultative water committees are established to enable commu-
         nities to actively participate in the water sector; a critical leverage point for poverty alleviation. Through the project, community
         representatives learn key issues involved in water supply and sanitation and become focal points to address these issues with
         the Water Regulatory Board and the private supplier. Community representatives are also trained to understand the water tariff
         structure as well as how to handle water leakage and other problems that would impact water tariffs.These processes help create
         public awareness of the rationale for private sector participation in public service delivery, help avoid confusion and resistance

         often seen in the reform of public services in developing countries, and ensure that the poor will be able to afford the water
         and sanitation services provided.

 The UNDP CO intervention on the environmental sector, relates more to the partnership with Ministry for the Coordination of
 Environmental Affairs in the area of environment and sustainable development that dates since the establishment of this ministry
 back in early 1995. The main cooperation objectives underlie in the materialization of the National Environmental Management
 Plan-PNGA, the Local Agenda-21, the Environmental Strategic Plan for 2005-2015, and the Action Plan for Reduction of Absolute
 Poverty-PARPA. Under a broad regional and global perspective cooperation also exists in the materialization of NEPAD and the
                                                                                                                            Marylene Spezzati, Resident Representative


               Mozambique is participating in a regional methyl bromide phase-out project being implemented by UNDP for low volume consumers
               in Africa. This project provides policy strengthening assistance that aims to prevent introduction of MB use in the country.


                   Mr. Jaime Comiche –                                                                                 Some of our Partners working with
                   Tel.: 258 149 1475/09/59                                                                                                   UNDP and the Government in
                   Fax: 258 149 1691
                                                                                            Government of The Netherlands
                                                                                                                                              Government of Norway

    MDGR 2002 ; 2UNDP,‘Urban Water Supply Management Models: PPPUE Innovative Partnership Grant Project of Mozambique’,
    2005:; UNDP,“Water Governance for Poverty Reduction” 2004:
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