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Logos




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Why an International
Year of Planet Earth?


– To demonstrate the huge
  potential of the Earth sciences
  in the building of a safer, healthier and
  wealthier Society

– To encourage Society to apply this potential
  more effectively



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Who is behind the Year?


– Initiated by the International Union
  of Geological Sciences (IUGS)
– Co-initiated by the Earth Science Division
  of UNESCO
– 8 Founding Partners
– 17 Associate Partners




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Eight Founding Partners


–   IUGG
–   IGU
–   IUSS
–   ISRIC
–   ILP
–   GeolSoc
–   TNO-NITG
–   IAEG + ISRM + ISSMGE Consortium
                                      5
17 Associate Partners


IUGS- Affiliated Organisations   Other Associate Partners
– IAH                            – ICSU
– IPA                            – IGCP
– SEG                            – IOC
– SGA                            – EFG
– IAGOD                          – AARSE
– GSAfrica                       – ProGeo
– SEPM                           – SCA
– CCOP                           – UNU
– AGID

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International Year



– Science Programme

– Outreach Programme

– UN Proclamation




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Science Programme
Essential characteristics


–   Soundly based in the geosciences
–   Global in scope
–   Holistic & multidisciplinary
–   Human impact integral
–   Potential for Developing Countries
–   Potential for effective Outreach
–   Essentially „bottom-up‟ in approach


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Science Programmes



1. Groundwater – towards sustainable use
2. Hazards – minimising risk, maximising awareness
3. Earth and Health – building a safer environment
4. Climate – the “stone tape”
5. Resources – prosperity and sustainability
6. Megacities – going deeper, building safer
7. Deep Earth – from crust to core
8. Ocean – abyss of time
9. Soils - the living skin of the Earth
10. Life – pending
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Outreach Programme


Aims:
– Generate greater awareness among
  the public of the wide-ranging importance of
  the geosciences for human life and prosperity
– Stimulate awareness of the societal
  contributions of the geosciences within
  national education systems
– Increase understanding of the societal
  importance of the geosciences on the part
  of decision-makers
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Outreach Programme
General

– Same general criteria, size and
  budget as the Science Programme
– Build on foundation-sponsors‟ funding
– Responsive to project bids, and so „bottom-up‟
  in line with the Science Programme
– Multilingual
– Application process continuous (no „rounds‟)


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Outreach Programme
Examples

–   Affiliate with the Year
–   Recycling and enhancing educational material
–   Support scientists from developing countries
–   Citizen science: involve public in research
–   Competitions
–   Stories (news, books)
–   Programme making
–   Art commissioning
–   Travelling exhibitions
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Website




www.yearofplanetearth.org

          www.esfs.org

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Brochures




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From geoscientific towards
political support in the UN



In three steps:
– Collect support from national geoscience
  communities
– Secure support at political (Ministry) level
– Obtain support at United Nations level by
  way of Ministries of Foreign Affairs


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Political support
building up ...

      Steps 1 2 3                        1 2 3
 Argentina                   Lithuania
  Australia                  Mauritius
    Austria                     Mexico
     Brazil               Mozambique
 Cameroon                      Namibia
   Canada                 Netherlands
     China                    Pakistan
  Germany                       Poland
      India                   Romania
     Israel         Russian Federation
       Italy              South Africa
    Jordan                    Tanzania
Kazakhstan                      Zambia
                                                 16
From Council towards
UN General Assembly ...


Three steps:
1. Approval of Declaration by Council of
   IUGS/IGC (26 August 2004)
2. Adoption by UNESCO‟s Executive Board (28 April
   2005)
3. Proclamation by UNESCO General Conference
   and UN General Assembly


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Declaration


The Council of the International Union of Geological
Sciences (IUGS) and the International Geological Congress
(IGC), representing the geoscience communities in 140 countries
and regions at the meeting of 7000 geoscientists gathered at the 32nd
IGC in Florence, Italy, declares that:
–   the geosciences can contribute significantly to a safer, healthier and
    wealthier world.
–   this potential contribution is seriously under-used by society and should
    be substantially increased.
–   proclamation of an international year under the aegis of UN member
    states would help the Earth sciences to make their full contribution to
    our sustainable stewardship of the planet.
Accordingly, Council invites UNESCO’s Executive Board to adopt
an International Year of Planet Earth.
                                                  Florence, 26 August 2004
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From Council towards
UN General Assembly ...


Three steps:
1. Approval of Declaration by Council of
   IUGS/IGC (26 August 2004)
2. Adoption by UNESCO‟s Executive Board (28 April
   2005)
3. Proclamation by UNESCO General Conference
   and UN General Assembly


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Draft Resolution support
in the Executive Board

Countries:
–   Algeria        –   Kenya
–   Brazil         –   Mauritius
–   Burkina Faso   –   Morocco              –   Slovenia
–   Canada         –   Mozambique           –   Sri Lanka
–   China          –   Namibia              –   Sri Lanka
–   Egypt          –   Pakistan             –   Swaziland
–   Germany        –   Russian Federation   –   Tanzania
–   Ghana Italy    –   Rwanda               –   Turkey
–   Jamaica        –   Senegal              –   Ukraine

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Global political support for
Planet Earth Year




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Progress by 20 May 2005


–   Support: political support by 34 nations: 3,6 billion people
–   Draft Resolution adopted by UNESCO‟s Executive Board
–   8 Founding Partners
–   17 Associate Partners
–   IUGS/IGC Council Declaration adopted by 140 nations
–   Science: 9 Themes identified + 10th pending
–   5 science brochures printed, 7 on website
–   2 in design
–   1 in development
– Outreach: Web site operational, brochures & flyer printed;
  Newsletter; Outreach brochure printed
– Linked with eGY and IPY
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Strategic Alliance eGY &
International Year of Planet Earth


The purpose of the Strategic Alliance between the
   Electronic Geophysical Year (eGY) and the
   International Year of Planet Earth is:
 to facilitate collaborative scientific research
   and development and other programmes of
   the highest international standing in the
   interests of both parties.

Signed 20 February 2005

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Proposed cooperation between
eGY and International Year of
Planet Earth
– Handling of certain data in some Science Programme
  Themes by eGY
– Involvement of eGy in the International Year‟s Outreach
  Programme
– Participation of the International Year of Planet Earth in
  eGy‟s „virtual observatories‟
– Draw attention to eGY‟s activities through the UN system
– Mutual advertising of the two programmes‟ activities in all
  available media outlets
• Facilitate communication and cooperation by exchange of
  liaison personnel at the management level
• Strengthen cooperation among all I*Ys


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Building up awareness…




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What next?


– Table Resolution on Agenda for UN General
  Assembly and UNESCO‟s General Conference
– Further increase political support
– Start fundraising by Development Committee
– Develop Professional Organisation
– Publish remaining Science brochures
– Promote activities at national and regional levels


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