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Ecological Holism
Snow King
The core idea of eco-holism is: "the whole ecosystem rather than as the
highest value of the interests of humanity as the highest value, whether it is conducive
to the maintenance and protection of ecosystem integrity, harmony, stability, balance
and persistence as a measure of The fundamental measure of all things, as a judge of
human life, scientific and technological progress, economic growth and social
development, the ultimate standard. "
Ecological wholeness has existed since ancient Greek, "all things are
one", "the continuous existence of things" and can be
described as the earliest start of ecological holism. As a systems theory, ecological
holism formed in the 20th century, the main representative is the Leopold and Ralston.
Leopold proposed the "harmony, stability and beauty of the"
three principles of ecological holism Ralston a systematic argument, and added a
"complete" and "dynamic equilibrium"
two principles, deep ecology representative Chennai Williams added the
"ecological sustainability principles." Some scholars home and
abroad ecological holism as "eco-centrism." This is not accurate,
or even the traditional anthropocentric way of thinking to misunderstand the whole
concept of ecology. The basic premise of ecological holism is decentralization, its
core feature is the overall emphasis of the overall internal links, not the whole house
as a part of the overall center. Centers are not, how can centrism?
Ecological holism goes beyond the fundamental interests of human anthropocentrism
scale, beyond the individual to human dignity, rights, freedom and development of the
core ideas of humanism and liberalism, has long been subverting the generally
accepted number of human basic values; It requires not only understanding the world
from the perspective of people, not just the concerns and interests of human beings to
seek to require people to the interests of ecology as a whole and not just the interests
of human beings consciously take the initiative to restrict commitments beyond the
eco-system Conference capacity of the material desires, economic growth and
consumption.
From the overall concept of ecological crisis and ecological point of view, human
beings for thousands of years committed the most fatal mistake is to own the center,
the interests of their own scale, no clear and profound understanding that there is a
close long-term human associated ecosystems and the overall value of the overall
interests. This error led to numerous terrible, hard to save the disaster. In the future, if
humans will have to continue to own the only criterion, it will commit more and more
terrible mistake, until his demise. Ecological holism advocated for thousands of years
mankind out of the old ideas, try to understand the ecological system, then the
ecosystem will be recognized as a measure of the overall interest of all human ideas,
behavior, lifestyle and mode of development of basic standards for the prevention of
human re- Tao-cover spread, mitigate and ultimately eliminate human ecological
crisis raises an important way of thinking and philosophy.
16. On "ecological holism" is an inaccurate representation ()
A. Ecological Holism refers to the eco-system as the highest value of the overall
interests of ecology.
B. Ecological holism as a theoretical system formed in the 20th century, and their
representative is Leopold and Ralston.
C. Ecological Holism to help maintain and preserve ecosystem integrity, harmony,
stability, balance and persistence as the measure of all things, the fundamental scale.
D. Ecological Holism to whether it helps to maintain and protect the ecological
integrity of the system, harmony, stability, balance and persistence as the measure of
all things, the fundamental scale, and thus no longer consider the interests of
humanity.
17. Following on the "ecological holism goes beyond the fundamental
interests of human scale anthropocentrism" do not understand this sentence
The correct one is ()
A. Ecological holism requires that people not only understand the world from the
perspective of people, not just the concerns and interests of human beings seek.
B. Requires people to the interests of ecology as a whole and not just the interests of
human beings consciously take the initiative to limit the cut beyond the bearing
capacity of the ecosystem material desires, economic growth and consumption.
C. Ecological holism and the past, people no longer humanism and liberalism, as fully
to the individual human dignity, rights, freedom and development of the core ideas.
D. The core features of ecological holism is no longer the interests of humanity as the
center, but center of the ecosystem.
18. According to the original information provided, the following inference is not the
correct one is ()
A. Human Centered dignity of human individuals, rights, freedom and development
as the core, there is no profound grasp of the system's overall interests of
Shengtai and overall value, 导致 numerous Kepa, and be able to save the Zainan.
B. If human beings but also the interests of their own scale, the subjective views of
their own as the only standard to judge things will die out.
C. Ecological Holism emphasize the overall interests of the ecosystem, and the overall
interest of the ecosystem and human long-term and fundamental interests are the
same.
D. Ecological holism advocated for thousands of years mankind out of the old ideas,
to solve the ecological crisis humanity made unique and innovative measures and
methods.

				
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posted:8/27/2010
language:English
pages:2