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Re-examine concrete miracle-wolfye ? ? New Miracle Concrete ? ABBS In the process and material innovations, the bridge has to create lightweight, color change of the construction and furniture at any time possible. They all rely on such an efficient material. Concrete can be seen everywhere in modern society, but most people do not give it much attention. Why is this so? Perhaps the concrete is second only to water the earth bulk consumables, but the sidewalks and parking lot materials used also a bit dull, at least most of us think so. In fact, innovations in the science of concrete have enabled architects and designers to achieve the extraordinary creation can not be completed in earlier years - a few hundred feet from the span of the bridge to the fine furniture made from lightweight. Concrete main factors behind the resurgence of one of the environmental movement. Scientists and architects have rediscovered the potential energy of concrete, its thermal efficiency reduces the need for air conditioning and heating. However, with this reawakening from the designer for more lightweight, more durable and more aesthetically pleasing concrete needs. The world&#39;s three largest concrete producers - Lafarge (LAFP.PA), HeidelbergCement (HEIG.DE) and Ximaikesi (Cemex) has been made in this respect a great deal of innovation and change People on traditional concepts concrete: when poured be thick, have to steel to increase strength, must be stirred to ensure uniformity, and, of course, is opaque. Machinery and manpower savings In fact, from the last century, 90 years, concrete producers have the time in the production of raw materials has made significant technical breakthroughs, the formula of this material in several decades have remained relatively stable. They added more fluid mixtures that are self, and no longer need reinforcement. They also added plasticizers to make concrete a more soft and more plastic, and the development of new accelerators and retarders to selectively accelerate and slow clotting time to meet the needs of achieving creative results. They even added optical fibers to create a translucent effect. Perhaps the most important innovation is the self-consolidating concrete, the rise in the 80s of last century in Japan, the lack of skilled workers, need to simplify the construction process. When poured concrete no longer need to keep vibration to remove air bubbles inside, not only reduces noise and energy consumption, but also costs for machinery and manpower. Other recent innovations include military bulletproof concrete and replicable wood, marble and decorative concrete masonry. This breakthrough is the use of this material revolutionary impact. England deserve Bray (Camberley), an industry association - Concrete Centre spokesman Steve ? Ailiaote (Steve Elliott) said: &quot;The designers and architects are the internal and external to achieve concrete building potential. Since the last century 90&#39;s, the most concrete way of re-using the rolling wave of understanding. &quot; Concrete Furniture Some recent examples show the potential for concrete rehabilitation. London&#39;s Pulitzer Prize (Pritzker Prize) winner Zaha ? Hadid (Zaha Hadid) 2005, designed by Europe&#39;s largest self-curing concrete construction of the building, looks like a spaceship kind of Germany Wolfsburg Fino Science Center (Phaeno Science Center). Rudy ? Liqiaodi (Rudy Ricciotti) won the National Prize for Architecture in France the honor, he has a number of recent experimental projects, the use of concrete, including built in 2001 in Seoul, 427-foot concrete bridge The thickness is only 3 cm. Francisco furniture designer in Paris ? Pa Shan Trinity (Francesco Passaniti) created a concrete shelf, bath and bed. And no surprise that this year&#39;s RIBA (Royal Institute of British Architects) Stirling reputation loud Award (Stirling Prize) went to southern Germany, a museum of modern literature with concrete design. Concrete formula sounds simple: just to cement, water, sand and gravel and crushed stone mixed with aggregates such as on the line. Romans in the 1st century AD, used the material to build the Colosseum, and know in the curing process to add the mixture from horsehair to prevent cracking, add the blood can be frozen to prevent them. But with the collapse of the Roman Empire, the production of concrete secret until 1756, lost to civilization are part of the year, the British engineer John ? Smith Patton (John Smeaton) using calcium invented a similar mixture of. In 1824, British inventor Joseph ? Esipuding (Joseph Aspdin) made Portland cement (Portland Cement) patent, which is a high performance mixture of gray limestone and clay, leading the advent of modern concrete. Concrete Changing Faces When manufacturers race to make up for lost time when the centuries, creative form of wake-up the potential of concrete. In 2003, the architect Harriet ? Harris (Harriet Harriss) and Soz ? Temperature Stanray (Suzi Winstanley) designed a wedding dress with a bodice of concrete shells, obtained a Royal College of Art in London race third. The winner Kress ? 格莱斯特尔 (Chris Glaister), A Fuxin ? Des Moines (Afshin Mehin), Thomas ? Lawson (Tomas Rosén) are developing their patent, a heating for commercial purposes on can change the color of concrete. Yiliaote said: &quot;People are realizing that adding something in the concrete to achieve special effects - such as crushed glass. After all, concrete is lumpy gray porridge-like stuff, plus what you want in there will do. &quot; Let me show you a newer or upcoming concrete works of art. Wonders of the new structure of the concrete shape Beyond the old drab gray material, stunning curves and shaping a new concrete surface as thin as paper. When it comes to concrete, and most people will glaze over. But recently sidewalks, highways and parking garages have become the topic of building community, thanks to the production and use of concrete made extraordinary innovations. Now the concrete strength higher than its forebears, but also more flexible, can be done and smooth as marble, or transparent as rice paper, and even let the smoke pass through; used more widely, not only be used for large-scale projects. Berlin set up a clothing store dressing room translucent concrete to promotions, while Paris furniture designer bed with concrete to produce and wares. Fei Mini Saint - Pierre cathedral (Saint-Pierre de Firminy Church) Designer: Le Corbusier ? Le ? Le Corbusier, the French giants of modern architecture in the 50-year career, he loudly throughout Europe, India, Russia, and North America. As for the Fei Mini Le ? Le Corbusier designed the city in a building wrap for the last one, the church was not completed until 2006, after his death, 41 years already. Its conical roof in 2000 by the French concrete maker Lafarge a call Ajilia (Agilia) made a special concrete building. French government agreed to 70 years from the last century since stopped building the finishing work pay, but only on condition that as an arts center, since French law prohibits the government from spending money on religious projects. Fino Science Center (Phaeno Science Center) Designer: Zaha Hadid ? British architect Zaha Hadid ? because it has received the Pulitzer Prize. Completed in 2005, the Phaeno Science Center is the largest in Europe by the self-consolidating concrete construction of the building, which requires no vibration to eliminate air bubbles and the distribution of aggregates. 20-foot high conical pillars holding the building&#39;s cultural and commercial space. Some visitors do not even come for the science. Thor - Angebaer (Torre Agbar) Designer: Let ? Nu Weile Barcelona&#39;s water company&#39;s headquarters formed by two concrete columns, one in the other internal. By temperature sensors Thousands of rectangular windows perforate the outer cylinder, creating the illusion of a pixilated image. Aluminum and glass surface scatters light to the surface, and at night 4500 LED device to the tower in red, green and blues. The building opened in 2005, the building has a delivery indecent nickname: suppository. Dark pavilion (Pavillon Noir) Designer: Rudy ? Liqiaodi Black box to live in this concrete bars Ballet Preljocaj performance and rehearsal space, intended to awaken dancers muscles and movement. &quot;Dark pavilion,&quot; the name of the film used in this minimalist building, perhaps just true. From the glass wall of the building can get a glimpse of the shadow dancers in the rehearsal rooms are enlivened. Paris public transport company car Centre (RATP Bus Center) Designer: Emmanuel ? Kangba Lei and Dominique ? Marek The bus station is the world&#39;s first production of a high-performance concrete Ductal Lafarge wrapped construction. This material can do very thin to meet the long-range laying. The building is designed to shuttle around the clock management of 200 passengers and bus traffic. Architects to make the building look like from the street punched up, and therefore covered the gray concrete that extend to the parking lot. The concrete pieces like Lego (Lego), studded with 97,000 dots, the thickness of only 3 cm. Jubilee Church (Jubilee Church) Designer: Richard ? Meyer Vatican in this church to celebrate the 2,000 th anniversary of Christianity. Residential area of suburban Rome, the formation of rigid weak contrast, in 2003 the church open amnesty to three years of the same as the Sailing 12-ton concrete blocks of the wall and be proud. With bright white buildings, famous American architect Richard Meier ? Cement provided by the Italian special concrete, to ensure that the church will not fade. The concrete not only self-cleaning, but also absorb contaminants. Museum of Mediterranean and European civilization (MuCEM) Designer: Rudy ? Liqiaodi French architect Rudy ? Liqiaodi Design Museum of Mediterranean and European civilization echoed stronghold in North Africa. One from the Islamic decorative motifs of the concrete network will be covering the opening in 2011 this building. Concrete Network will use Ductal, the strength of concrete than the traditional 6 to 8 times to be higher. Train station (Main Train Station) Designer: Christopher ? Ingenhoven The Stuttgart train station will be moved underground to release the commercial and residential real estate ambitious space program since 1997 to start the. His plan also included a 1,400-foot thickness of only 8 cm of some parts of the concrete shell, the 28 &quot;light eyes&quot; or bell-shaped roof support. Translucent dressing room Designer: Heidelberg Cement British clothing chain store in Berlin on the set of translucent concrete walls of the dressing room, the wall thickness of not more than 2 inches. Fear emptied of shoppers went to change clothes at the time you&#39;ll have to take a deep breath a few. Also joined the optical fiber used to make concrete stairs, furniture and even shower heads. Concrete furniture (Concrete Furniture) Designer: Francisco ? Par Shan Trinity Thanks to Mondrian&#39;s paintings provide the inspiration, the two-meter high shelf from a variety of sizes and colors of concrete blocks, and can be placed at random according to the preferences of the owner. But the price is not cheap: 7000 U.S. dollars. Par Shan Trinity also designed a concrete tables and chairs, bed and bath. ?
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