Ischaemic heart disease by GabrielJohnson

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									Ischaemic heart disease – Risks and Prevention

        The heart requires blood so that it can pump and circulate it to other vital organs of the body.
The oxygen-rich blood is provided by the coronary arteries that branch out across the heart. These
coronary arteries are in danger of being blocked when there are cholesterol deposits blocking the
flow of blood. The cause of Ischaemic heart disease is because of lack of a nutritious diet, having
close relatives who have heart problems, stressful lifestyle and lack of exercise.

Risks –

       These factors will increase the probability of Ischaemic heart disease –

1.    Having a family history of conditions such as diabetes, coronary artery disease,
atherosclerosis and hypertension may increase the risk of developing Ischaemic heart disease.

2.   Consuming foods that are high in fat over a long period of time.

3.   Being a chain smoker.

4.   Being overweight or obese.

5.   Being under constant stress and pressure.

6.   Having a high cholesterol level.

7.   Lack of necessary physical activity.

8.   A sedentary lifestyle.

Prevention -

        To prevent and eliminate such a coronary disease from your life, will include taking several
measures in your day to day life. Such as decreasing intake of fatty foods, maintaining a correct
body weight, etc will certainly decrease the probability of developing any heart conditions. It is
essential to maintain a normal level of blood pressure as well. High blood pressure will lead to a
hypertension, which would strain your heart and damage the blood vessels, finally ending in a heart
attack.

        Smoking has become one of the contributing factors that has increased not only lung cancer
but also heart related diseases. It is crucial for those who have diabetes to stop smoking, as it will
lead to major complications. Smoking happens to be one of the biggest causes of heart attacks,
strokes and cancer. When it comes to obesity the risk of heart disease is higher because abdominal
fat can increase the production of LDL (Low-Density Lipoprotein) cholesterol. High levels of LDL
cholesterol will increase your risk of getting heart conditions and is known as bad cholesterol. On
the other hand HDL (High-Density Lipoprotein) will protect against cardiovascular diseases and is
hence known as good cholesterol.

       There are several studies that show that taking an aspirin everyday prevents heart diseases
from arising. But you may have to consult your doctor regarding this, as aspirin is not safe for
everyone.

       The main areas of focus should be proper nutrition, healthy lifestyle that includes a lot of
exercise, and to completely cease smoking. It is also advisable to have cholesterol, blood pressure
and an angina test carried out every year. This is a must especially if there is a history of heart
related conditions in your family. You can consult your physician on how to make a permanent
change in your lifestyle that will help you have a “heart-healthy” life.

								
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