City of Minneapolis Streetcar Feasibility Study by rll15525

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									City of Minneapolis Streetcar
       Feasibility Study
  Modern Streetcar Applications




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                     Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                             Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
                           Project Goals
•   Assist the City Council in understanding
    key issues associated with potential
    streetcar routes in Minneapolis.
•   Assess the costs and benefits of
    implementing a streetcar network as part
    of the City’s primary transit network.
•   Identify potential short term and longer
    term priorities for streetcar
    implementation.
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                            Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                    Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
                Study Process
•   Screen candidate primary transit
    network corridors to develop a
    “short list” of corridors that make
    the most sense to study further.
•   Clarify issues and opportunities in
    each corridor.
•   Identify vehicle type, capital
    expenses and operating costs.
•   Identify owner/operator
    arrangements.
•   Explore funding options.
                                                          3

                   Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                           Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
    Why Consider Streetcars in
          Minneapolis?
•   A national study shows rail attracts up to 40%
    more riders than bus, all conditions held equal.
    – Rail lines replaced by buses lost as much as 2/3 of
      their ridership.
    – Rail lines retained as rail remained stable or
      increased in ridership.
•   New rail lines replacing buses in Portland, San
    Diego and Buffalo doubled previous bus
    ridership.
•   Rail has the ability to attract “choice” markets.


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                                     Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                             Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
      What explains the difference?
Riders’ Perspective:
• Clearly identifiable and
  predictable rail route.
• Easily identified stops that are
  protected.
• More stability in vehicle ride.
• Greater ride comfort; ease of
  boarding and exiting.
• Freedom from fumes and
  excessive noise of diesel buses.
• Trains engender a sense of
  nostalgia, buses typically do
  not.
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                                     Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                             Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
What’s different about streetcars?
  •   Are part of the local circulation system, not a
      regional transit mode.
  •   Are designed for shorter distances and lower
      capacities than inter-urban commuter trains or multi-
      car light rail trains.
  •   Can operate in mixed traffic.
  •   Make more frequent stops.
  •   Can be built more rapidly and with less disruption
      and far less cost than light rail investments.
  •   Especially effective in catalyzing or organizing
      pedestrian-friendly development patterns.

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                                      Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                              Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
         Why not just add nice buses?

•   Streetcars accelerate and organize
    development (more so than buses).
•   Developers willing to participate in
    financing for streetcars.
•   Streetcars attract tourists and
    occasional riders.
•   Streetcars offer a “legibility” and
    permanence that buses can’t match.
•   Streetcars operate better in
    pedestrian environments.
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                                      Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                              Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
Streetcars do have their drawbacks
             •   Less flexible than buses.
             •   Less maneuverable – (i.e., they
                 can get stuck behind a stalled
                 or double parked vehicle).
             •   Would require a unique
                 maintenance facility.
             •   Difficult to shift resources
                 between corridors.
             •   Higher capital investment than
                 buses.
                 – Vehicles, trackwork, utilities, etc.
             •   Overhead wires.
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                            Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                    Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
                 What are the main differences
               between streetcar and light rail?
Characteristics       Streetcar                         Light Rail

Right-of-Way          Can operate in mixed traffic      Mostly exclusive ROW

Stop Spacing          Short, every few blocks           Wide, often 1/2 mile to 1
                                                        mile or more
Vehicles              Often shorter (~60 ft);           Longer vehicles (~90 ft);
                      lower capacity (~120              higher capacity (~180
                      passengers/vehicle)               passenger/vehicle)
Route Distance        Usually short, less than 5        Usually long, more than
                      miles                             10 miles
Functions / Markets   Supplement or replace local       Regional, long-haul
                      circulation                       commuter service
Overhead Wire         Usually single wire               Catenary
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                                                     Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                                             Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
But it’s a fine line…
  Streetcar line in Pittsburgh (1976)




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             Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                     Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
   But it’s a fine line…
Same line using modern LRT vehicles (1999)
  Required some track and power upgrades




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                   Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                           Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
    Streetcar Vehicle Technologies
•   Modern Vehicles
    – Portland, Tacoma, Toronto
•   Restored Vintage Cars
    – Often PCC cars (San Francisco,
      Philadelphia)
    – Nearly exhausted supply
    – Non-ADA accessible
    – Cost to acquire, transport and restore
•   New “Replica” Cars
    – Built from blueprints of old cars
      (Charlotte, Memphis)
    – Can be made ADA accessible
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                                          Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                                  Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
Advantages of Modern Streetcar
                   Technology
•   Less headaches than vintage cars
    (maintenance, parts, etc.).
•   Low floor and ADA accessible.
•   Higher total capacity, modular
    design.
    – (~30 seated, ~127 standing per
      vehicle).
•   Improved comfort and quieter.
•   Easier to acquire fleet (than
    restored vintage vehicles).




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                                       Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                               Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
North American Streetcar Examples
         Existing Systems (modern technology)
                                       Portland
                                       • One streetcar
                                         line, serves as
                                         local circulation
                                         in downtown.
                                       • Promotes
                                         economic
                                         development.
                                       • Integrated with
                                         buses and LRT.




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                         Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                 Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
North American Streetcar Examples
         Existing Systems (modern technology)
                                       Tacoma
                                       • One streetcar
                                         line – called
                                         LINK Light Rail.
                                       • Provides local
                                         circulation in
                                         downtown.
                                       • Designed to
                                         enhance
                                         economic
                                         development.




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                         Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                 Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
North American Streetcar Examples
         Existing Systems (modern technology)
                                       Toronto
                                       • 11 lines, 10
                                         pass through
                                         downtown (both
                                         old and new
                                         technology).
                                       • Integrated with
                                         buses and
                                         subway.




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                         Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                 Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
 North American Streetcar Examples
                  Existing Systems (heritage)
Many examples                                     Memphis
• San Francisco
• Philadelphia
• Memphis
• New Orleans
• Little Rock
• Tampa
• Tucson
• Dallas
• Kenosha
• Seattle
• Charlotte                                               Tampa
• Others…
                           San Francisco “F” Line
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                           Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                   Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
Streetcar Systems Planned or Under
                      Development
 Many cities looking at
  streetcar technology:
 •   Madison
 •   Spokane
 •   Detroit
 •   Sacramento
 •   Vancouver, BC
 •   Atlanta
 •   Boston
 •   Others…
                                           Vancouver, BC         18

                          Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                  Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
    Streetcars as an Economic Engine
•   Portland’s streetcar has
    generated more than $3
    BILLION in economic
    development.
•   Public investment can lead the
    way to private investment.
•   Most modern streetcar projects
    have been public-private
    partnerships capturing funding
    from new investment.
•   Opportunities in Minneapolis
    may be different.
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                                     Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                             Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
      Capturing the Economic Engine
Portland Streetcar After
•   Property
    values
    increased 40%
    on route

•   43% of employees
    use transit



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                           Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                   Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
    Minneapolis Candidate Streetcar Corridors
All definite (red) PTN routes
are initial candidates for
streetcar service
•Broadway
•Central
•Chicago
•Como
•Franklin
•Fremont
•Hennepin
•Lake/Midtown Greenway
•Lyndale
•Nicollet
•Penn/Highway 55
•University
•Riverside
•Washington                                                            21

                                Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                        Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
Keys to a Successful Streetcar
Corridor
 •   Demand for high frequency service but without the capacity
     demands of light or heavy rail.
 •   Pedestrian- and transit-friendly development patterns.
 •   Demand for short trips where transit speed is balanced with local
     access needs and shorter stop spacing.
 •   Bi-directional all day demand rather than single direction peak
     commute demand only.
 •   Corridor that serves a variety of markets (visitors or occasional
     users as well as commuters).
 •   Lack of extreme congestion on streetcar streets or opportunities for
     exclusive right of way.
 •   Integration with broader transit network
 •   Minimal utility conflicts.
 •   Geography that is conducive to streetcar operation including
     curvature, elevation changes etc.                                               22

                                              Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                                      Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
How to Integrate Streetcars with
        Existing Transit Services
 •   Let each system do what it
     does best!
     – Bus and streetcar can have
       same function.
 •   Ensure visible and legible
     connections.
 •   Frequent service rather than
     timed connections.
 •   Integrated fare media.
 •   High quality rider
     information and way-finding.
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                                    Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                            Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
How much do streetcar lines cost?
 •   Capital Costs
     – Estimated using state-of-the art construction techniques and
       current unit costs from recent peer construction.
     – Understanding of utility and other variable costs.
     – Vehicles based on Portland and Tacoma purchase.
 •   Operating Costs
     – Based on a realistic operating plan.
         • Depends on frequency, hours of operation.
     – Closely coordinated with Metro Transit.
     – Reflects operation by Metro Transit.
     – Validated against peer systems.

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                                              Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                                      Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
                               Streetcar Costs
•   Operating Costs
    – Portland experience: $3.7 million annual, $140/
      revenue hour
•   Capital Costs
    – Cost/mile: Portland ($23.7 to 26.3 million/mile)
    – Modern vehicles: $2.5 – $4.2 million / vehicle
      (average $2.9 million)
•   What drives up the cost?
    – Geography, turning movements, etc.
    – Utility relocation
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                                    Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                            Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
                  Potential Funding Sources
•   Federal (New Starts/Small Starts):
         •   Focuses on streetcar, trolley and bus rapid transit
         •   Projects less than $75 million federal share
         •   Total costs cannot exceed $250 million
         •   Goal is expedited review process
         •   Expect significant competition for funds
•   State/Regional funding
•   City general funds
•   Metro Transit
•   Tax increment financing
•   Parking revenues
•   Local improvement district
•   Endowment funds
•   Other

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                                                  Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                                          Meyer, Mohaddes Associates
                          Thank You!
Next Steps:
  – Review “long list” corridors
  – Refine criteria and screen to a short list
     of candidates
  – Detailed evaluation of short list
     candidates
  – Study recommendations by early 2007

For more information:
   – City of Minneapolis
     Department of Public Works
   – Charleen Zimmer
       • 612-673-3166
       • Charleen.zimmer@ci.minneapolis.mn.us

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                                                 Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates
                                                         Meyer, Mohaddes Associates

								
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