Management is not SCIENCE Management is the science or art? It would have been academic debate, but now more and more aroused the concern of business people. Do business people concerned about this debate is not without reason, and if the management is a science, then, companies would be more trick MBA and have them play a responsibility, because they are specialized school management; Dang Enterprise Mianlin major decision-making and problem, they should listen to consultancy advice, because advice is known as the treating doctor to enterprises, with a variety of management experts. On the contrary, if the management is art, enterprises should follow the &quot;No matter black or white, it catches mice is a good cat&quot; principle; when the company sick, do not believe that the so-called foreign Brain - Consulting can cure your illness, because the success of any art depends mainly on the artist&#39;s talent and effort, has little relationship with the teachers. In fact, this debate is Professor of Management from the University, before beginning to arise. Although long past management, but no such debate, because managers are changed jobs to work from other professional management. Common sense is: a person may engage in professional how could a science? But when growing business, management more complex, the school began to teach management, it was proposed: management science, the argument began. Although I have a Master of Business Administration (MBA) degree, but I agree with management&#39;s view of art. Only two reasons why: First, even today, most of the world&#39;s business managers also are not learning management background, especially those who celebrated the outstanding managers, such as Welch, Bill Gates, Xinxiang Shigeo, Wang Shi, Ren Zhengfei, Ma, Niu Gensheng, etc., actually the lack of a degree in management. In contrast to those engaged in scientific professions, such as doctors, engineers, pharmacists, teachers, professional education not eat from this bowl of rice. Therefore, if doctors, engineers, pharmacists, teachers are engaged in science, management should be different from the scientific things. Second, a qualified doctor can give different race doctor, qualified engineers working in different companies, teachers, teaching in both China and the United States, but the manager is not! Yesterday successful manager, does not guarantee success today; in this company is a great manager, probably will mess up other companies, even companies that do not line with the industry. Therefore, the management is a knowledge, experience and technology can not be replicated, or even the same person who can not be replicated in a professional, this professional course is not science, because science must be able to repeat the verification thing. In fact, management is not only not science, is a lawyer with the accounting and social science are also essentially different. Accounting and professional education of lawyers are engaged in their career is required, management is not. Human management proved so far: there is no any kind of professional education and career path of any one person must make a manager. Management is a real professional roads lead to Rome, from farmers to scientists, may be good managers, on the contrary, management graduates-MBA, but not necessarily to become managers. Science must be able to repeat what is scientific validation of something? Science is able to use mathematics, logic and causality test confirmed that things repeat, such as 1 + 1 must equal 2, acid-base compounds must become salt. If you find any counter-examples to prove that 1 plus 1 does not equal 2, then this principle wrong. What is art? Art is not a mathematical, logical and causal relationship experiment was repeated to prove something, but they can not prove that no, that is, the so-called confirm nor falsify things. On the arts, 1 plus 1 equals 2 times, sometimes not equal to 2. For example, the balance to produce the U.S., but not balanced design can bring the United States; by the unified command of the symphony of course brings about moving from the free play of jazz musicians can be very crazy. From the difference between science and art of this view, management should be more like Art. For example, some enterprises use the authorization management, corporate culture, Six Sigma, Balanced Scorecard, ERP and other management methods and tools for the soul, some enterprises have simply not work. While Toyota has opened the door to competitors, but as the originator of the American automobile industry automobile use for 30 years, insisted that science is not, in theory and methods are so simple Toyota Production System. Why? Because the automaker is science, but the automaker&#39;s management is art; is the art of composition have talent, there can not be repeated and can not imitate things! For example, can inspire a collective spirit of the Japanese method, advocating individualism of Americans are useless; for Baidu&#39;s management tools, not necessarily on the Haier spirit. This is a different artist with the same brush, canvas and paint painted the same thing, but the effect of drawing is a completely different reason. ? Manager is the artist management should be a professional art, with artist managers, artists, writers and directors as artists. The artist, the talent and practice and theory is always important than knowledge. That is why deaf Beethoven to create a masterpiece of music, high school culture Sam Walton can create great companies. This is often not the same school of literature writers, actors, painters and musicians do not have to accept the truth as formal art education. The manager said to the artist, certainly feels strange, because it is difficult to all suits and ties, norms of behavior management with those long hair, abstract artists linked together. However, their difference is more apparent, is the so-called Likeness of the form does not like; In fact, managers and artists should maverick bones, otherwise there is no innovation, how can you win the competition? ! Do not believe, please carefully to the best managers we are familiar with painting an image, them must have something in common, for example, they must do things organized than most people, behaviors and more decisive; not only self-regulation and better risk ; Duirenduishi sensitive, even paranoid ... ..., this is the manager should have a special talent and temperament! Very important as talent managers, like all artists, managers, talent is also important. If there is no management talent, a manager even more effort, we can not manage a business. We often hear people say that such and such a talented organizer of a fact that this thing is management talent. This stuff is difficult to study because it has both DNA elements, also came out from the Mother&#39;s life experience stomach. For example, the management psychologist found that: the management capacity of a person with negative life experiences of his youth was a positive correlation. It is based on management&#39;s understanding of the above, when I managed enterprises, faced with MBA graduates, I always say, MBA diploma is not a manager of a practicing certificate, you must be student projects, school law, school computer users, and the first-line employees to compete in the same starting line manager&#39;s job. Management is the combination of art and science point of view is the most slippery to say when I retired from the business field, to Beijing University to MBA students in lectures, talking and talking, the answer to this question was not so sure the original. Why? I now teach the management of teachers, administrators if the school can not teach, that I am not trying to sell fake it? Can then I thought, is not right, Do so many prestigious universities around the world, famous professor of selling fake drugs in there? Furthermore, how can there be so stupid as people, and generations of MBA, EMBA, EDP took hard earned money, pushed the school to buy this does not make them managers diploma? I am confused. So, on this issue began to take most insurance, but also the most slippery to say: management is a combination of art and science. However, teachers need more of this career happens conscience, to the students about their views do not entirely believe that, I was always a guilty conscience. Because almost all the professions in the world of art and science combined, that is, science also has an artistic component, arts professionals have scientific components. For example, the science master Einstein, if not superhuman imagination, math and logic capabilities alone are not found in the theory of relativity. That is why colleagues called him &quot;the science&quot; A Great Artist! Another example, the surgeon need not only professional training, also need talent! Similarly, all the arts professionals also have a scientific component, even if purely deceptive art - magic, but also achieves maximum use of scientific tools! Therefore, the distinction between a professional science or art, science and art practice is based on the share. If the proportion of science is science, otherwise is art. In fact, the wider world of all things are balanced. But the balance is by no means a simple one side of the half, not the middle; any balance has focus, the focus determines the nature of things. Therefore, the kind of management is a combination of science and art point of view is equal to nothing. Large artistic component of enterprise management, decision management is the art of nature, but does not mean that management is not a scientific component, does not mean that scientific management of things useless, but in management, science and art of composition ingredients not only the role of big . For example, not only selfish, but also fairness and a sense of accomplishment, so personnel pay system must reflect the hard work and for the job otherwise, will not work - this is a management science. But that&#39;s such a common, and those who pay systems and management science methods, managers much help, because every manager faces is: how to make their own specific group of employees of the company are fair and sense of accomplishment - this is art to solve the problem. Management is the art of the fundamental reason: management is ultimately control, and no one would be no management. But people are not standard parts, Joe Smith and John Doe is not the same as state-owned enterprise employees and employee-funded enterprises are different people, 80 with their parents after the child is different; city employees and workers can not feel the same as the fair U.S. employees and Chinese employees a sense of achievement and certainly different. More critically, the same people, same class graduated in the same company, same department who work on equity and sense of accomplishment may not be the same. Despite the common people have the same, but it is precisely the particularity of people, to make people become different people, this is the &quot;sex, Distinct far&quot; the truth. It is these people a different form the different enterprises, so in the world, no two the same reason people like the world and no two the same company. Because of this, management is always specific! Management guru Peter Drucker said: &quot;Management is the practice of art.&quot; What is the practice of art? Is always known to do in front of - not management companies, corporate management never know what (no matter what you have a degree in management); do not personally manage the business, business management will never know how the matter (whether you&#39;ve how successful management of other companies). Important than ever to know to do - only through continuous correction of the attempt, &quot;crossing the river by feeling the stones&quot; to do, manage a specific business knowledge and skills to become mature and perfect, this is the internal promotion of managers of the success rate is far far higher than the airborne CEO truth. Therefore, managers do not know if the management is the essence of art, attention is bound to spread. This is what many academics and managers believe that management is the science necessary to go detours. Because they believe that management as a science, to find specific people and learn management consulting company to introduce and develop &quot;the most advanced and best&quot; business strategies and management methods, so that companies can control better. As a result, these managers have hired McKinsey aim high, the result invariably spent a lot of money, take a detour and eventually came to understand: Management can not be bought, not taught, can not be learned, must be managers in practice understanding of their own things. In short, can only own their own businesses disease treatment. No wonder the integration of IKEA&#39;s customers, Dell&#39;s direct sales, Wal-Mart hypermarkets and low-cost strategy of Southwest Airlines is the school not to others! Because it is other people&#39;s art, there is original art, by imitation is not successful. This is the learning strategies and methods of other companies, most people only learn the form, can not learn the root cause of God. &quot;The Art of War&quot; in &quot;people known to me is why the shape of victory, but the shape of winning so I Mozhi&quot; (others only see my winning ways, do not know how I get these methods) that is the reason. In 2006, Canada&#39;s leading management scholars to Beijing Mintzberg speech in front of hundreds of listeners, I asked him: &quot;Do you think managers are born or the day after training, or both naturally have acquired training? &quot; He said: &quot;Of course we should naturally, but also acquired the training, because the management of both science and also has an artistic component.&quot; I asked: &quot;If that is the case, we, the management of teachers to teach it not to tell students, there must be a part of you can not become managers! Which the teacher is, is it a very frustrating thing?&quot; Mintzberg, said: &quot;That is why I did not teach the MBA.&quot; Dinner, I continue to ask him: &quot;your&quot; manager rather than the MBA &quot;books have a lot of statistics to prove that the U.S. Ivy League universities that many MBA graduates are not in management occupations, most went to the investment bank, accounting firms and consulting firms. According to my observation, the Chinese first-class university MBA, is the tendency of the first career choice. If the facts If so, MBA education is to train managers so much, not as good as that is to develop management service provider - for the management of provide services to people. that we have MBA (Master of Business Administration) into MBS (Master of Business Service) it not more appropriate?! &quot; He said: &quot;This is indeed a very interesting idea. I have to think about.&quot; After dinner, when we leave, he said: &quot;If changed to MBS, the person reading this degree will be less.&quot; Yes! At this point I realized there is no discipline in the university education is more than the MBA business flavor. Anything as long as into a commodity, function may not be exaggerated and how? Teachers are people! But consumers are not stupid, and some MBA students chatted days, said: &quot;Actually, we do not want to MBA education as manager, we just want to just another good job.&quot; An EMBA student, said more bluntly: &quot;I spent more than 200,000 to study the main objective is to pay more business friends!&quot; Some may ask, is that everyone is drunk and you tried to say? Why most management scholars and teachers to teach management insisted that the management is the science? I think one major reason is that a considerable part of the management courses are science courses, such as mathematics, economics, psychology, statistics, finance, information engineering, etc., teach the teachers of these classes of course can not agree with them Suo religion is art. But they ignore the fact that, in fact, scientific knowledge and artistic expertise needed, but use the computer synthesis of modern composers and photographers to learn the optical principle of the fact that the art does not change the nature of these disciplines. In fact, all things are not black and white worlds, the decision is the essence of a thing it is that between black and white balance - the proportion of its components. Another reason is that the teachers teach most other artistic disciplines to engage in this professional career, such as teaching painting to painting, singing teacher to teach vocal music must be better than people in general. However, most teachers can not teach management in managerial occupations, therefore, if the management said to be art, so that they feel emboldened enough. Moreover, including their views of students and ordinary people is to teach the management of teachers and scholars are only moving the mouth. Management can only pay lip service to the teachers to teach it? Those who hold this view just ignore a more important fact - the management of teacher education is the wisest business manager! They can put a package into the science of Arts, developed a people management education and the huge demand for management knowledge, accurate and hit the man in the most aggressive group of people - entrepreneurs and managers who want a quick successful psychological, created a commercial in the history of the most successful smoke-free industry-MBA education and consulting. Do not believe? ! Please take a look at the university, the college must be the richest business school, the teacher must be the richest teaching management, the highest salary of graduates must be MBA. Moreover, the consulting firm where you can just graduated MBA CEO with large companies to meet face to face, or even find fault with their business; Welch tickets can be sold for 5,000 yuan; Michael Porter to China would have to sell his books, travel time can be able to take hundreds of thousands of dollars speaking fees. Why? Just because you believe that the management is the science!