Luoyang Oriental Silk Road starting point of the origin of

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					Luoyang Oriental Silk Road starting point of the origin of

  ?As we all know, the "Silk Road" This proposition, in the 19th
century German geographer Ferdinand von Richthofen's 70's (F
"ron Richth0fen) put forward so far has been 100 years of use. Silk Road
are narrow and broad sense that narrow the Silk Road, mainly based on
Richthofen's statement refers specifically to the Western Han and Tang
Dynasties transportation means, from Changan through Central Asia, West Asia, the
Mediterranean and even the West Bank, about 7,000 km distance; broad Silk Road,
then refers to what the ancient Eurasia transport, dating can be traced back Qin, land
and sea routes are also part package. a broad concept of the Silk Road has been
widely accepted by academics, the UNESCO in 1989, 1990 and 1992 3 consecutive
times to send a group to study, special study, "Land Silk Road",
"Maritime Silk Road" and "Prairie Silk
Road." organized the dispatch of the last two years the Expedition, on the
"Silk Road" to inspect the Chinese section of . October 7, 2002,
the Council of Chief Coordinator of the UNESCO heritage, World Heritage
Assessment expert Henry "Mr. Clear has made a special trip to Luoyang, in
Luoyang in the Silk Road to inspect the impact. All of these are from a broad
perspective to the Silk Road. Therefore, the discussion of Luoyang, Xi'an
what the starting point for the Silk Road to be put to the same concept can not cage
the system which is the starting point of that which is not a starting point.

     1, emphatic indisputable statement
  ?In fact as early as 12 years ago in 1992, as a general concept on the Silk Road,
Luoyang was the eastern starting point of view has been widely accepted by
academics. Luoyang City by the Editorial Board of the Office of Local Chronicles
series, Academic Books published the "Luoyang - Silk Road starting
point" of a large academic focus, more than 30 domestic experts, scholars
use a lot of literature and archaeological data from the political, economic, cultural,
transportation, population and other aspects of a comprehensive, systematic
demonstration of the eastern end of the S ilk Road Luoyang is the starting point. This
view was published as the book, scholars at home and abroad had a strong reaction.
Nestor known as Orientalism, Professor of Peking University, known in the letter, Mr.
Ji said: "This is a high- level book, Silk Road for the study of the world was
learning that the door has a very high reference value, especially silk Road
Chang'an as the starting point should not, but should be the starting point
of Luoyang. I think this is an indisputable statement. "Feng Chia
University, Taiwan Professor Mr. Zeng Yimin, wrote:" The book generally
corrected as the Silk Road Chang'an argument, the study of history and
culture of the ancient capital of Luoyang of great reference value, while teaching is
also very helpful. " Xiamen University, Southwest China Normal
University and Beijing Institute of Education, Department of History, said in the letter,
the essential reference book as a teaching recommended to the teachers and students,
was widely welcomed. Oriental Culture Association of China Silk Road Working
Committee Deputy Director, the Secretary-General Jia Xueqian letter that:
"In a certain period of Luoyang is the starting point of the ancient Silk
Road, which is no doubt." And that "the starting point of the
Silk Road Luoyang One can carry out many activities related to the Silk Road, if
possible, held in Luoyang, the second Silk Road Festival, or other activities, is very
meaningful thing. "willingness to cooperate with us, co-sponsored. Japan,
Korea, India, Iran, Russia and other countries of the scholars of the Silk Road from
Luoyang to say that recognition and appreciation. After the book was published just a
few months, more than 100 pieces of correspondence received from overseas,
comment, book reviews, articles 40 articles, indeed, historians set off in Luoyang,
China and the Silk Road Studies, Review of a small boom.
   ?At the same time, the People's Daily (Overseas Edition), Guangming
Daily, China Tourism News, Press and Publication reported Digest News, CCTV,
Henan Daily, Henan TV station and other media, and social and economic history of
China, the Chinese local history, literature and history knowledge, Qin Shi Research
Development, Northern Studies, Maritime History, Historical Science, Henan Social
Sciences, Central Plains Heritage and other publications and the media have been full
Benbu reports and review. Guangming Daily on February 5, 1993 Second Edition of
the "Silk Road, where the east -" Luoyang - Silk Road starting
point "to propose new ideas" in the academic community have a
great shock. This view also has caused the First International Symposium on the Silk
Road of China, China International Symposium on Ancient Chinese History,
Dunhuang International Annual Conference and the Western Zhou History of the
Second International Symposium of the participating experts and scholars of great
concern. Many Chinese and foreign scholars believe that the eastern end of the Silk
Road Luoyang views put forward, for the Silk Road opened a new area of research,
contribute to further research the Silk Road.
     Second, fishes about nature, careful research

  Experts and scholars to a large number of solid historical documents and
archaeological data, a comprehensive, systematic study of the Silk Road Luoyang in
the development of the important role played by the detail demonstrates the eastern
starting point of the Silk Road Luoyang, in the Western economic, cultural, the
important role of communication.
  ?First, the establishment of the Silk Road on the eastern starting point of the
standards. As a starting point of the Silk Road east of the primary criterion is that the
geography should be the country's political, economic, cultural and
transportation center, the ancient Luoyang to have this kind of conditions and the
recognition by most experts. Mr. Han Guopan Xiamen University in the
"ancient capital of Luoyang and the Silk Road," the article
pointed out that in ancient China, the political center is often economic, transportation
and cultural center. So. As the political center of Luoyang, also became the center of
commercial traffic, as a starting point for the Silk Road. Henan University Professor
Mr. Zhu Shaohou in the "Silk Road Luoyang is also the starting
point," a paper that Xi'an is the capital of Changan is the
country's political, economic and cultural center. Western Han Dynasty
government-run point of departure is the Changan, Central Asia and the Western Han
Dynasty Tribute between government, economic, and cultural focal point is Changan,
Changan therefore a natural starting point to become the eastern end of the Silk Road.
To the Eastern Han Dynasty, Luoyang, the capital, became the political, economic and
cultural center and outreach center, so the eastern end of the Silk Road starting point,
naturally shift from Chang'an to Luoyang. After the Wei and Jin, Wei has
all Los and have been the starting point of the Silk Road in the east end. Xuzhou
Normal University Professor Mr. Wang Yundu's "On the starting
point of the Silk Road," an article that, as in ancient China only the
political, economic and cultural center of the place, have become the starting point of
the Silk Road. Although the ancient rich Shandong silk, sold to the Quartet, but not
enough to become the Silk Road starting point. No doubt the ancient capital of
Chang'an was the starting point of the Silk Road, but not the only starting
point. Large amounts of data to prove the ancient Silk Road Luoyang is an important
starting point. Su Jian, an expert in Luoyang Cultural Relics and Archaeology,
"Luoyang - Silk Road from Heritage Card" article, that the
beginning of the Silk Road such as from the Western Han Dynasty, it is also the latest
from the Eastern Han Luoyang up in Sui and Tang as the starting point of the eastern
end of the Silk Road. Shanghai Normal University Professor Mr. Wang Yumin
"On the historical period as a starting point of the Silk Road
Luoyang" was further elaborated in the article. Luoyang as the eastern
starting point of the Silk Road began in the Eastern Han, Wei followed, Li Wei, Sui,
Tang and reached the peak, its too long, scale, and far-reaching effects than
Chang'an, also had do even better. In short, "as the Silk Road in
ancient China and the West, political, economic and cultural exchange channel, its
starting point is not static, but with the ancient Chinese political, economic and
cultural center of the changes in change, Luoyang is the important One starting point.
" Wang Yun-degree of this in his article, if indeed is the starting point of
the Silk Road east of standards and a general summary.
   Divided by the political center as the starting point of the standard to judge the
eastern end of the Silk Road, there are a number of scholars from the perspective of
the population and to analyze the distribution center for silk argument Luoyang was
the eastern end of the Silk Road starting point. Zhengzhou University Professor Mr.
Yuan Zuliang in "On the Silk Road along the population distribution and
migration," a text, through the Western Han Dynasty Chang'an
and Luoyang Comparative Study of the population, that the ancient society of a region
the size of the population, is a degree of regional economic development and
prosperity an important indicator. Luoyang Chang'an more and more
condensed than the population, indicating the economy than the Western Han Dynasty
Luoyang Chang'an more developed and prosperous. We can say that it is
the Central Plains around the radiation to an econo mic center, distribution center for
goods, silk, handicrafts large transactions as there is no doubt in here. Central China
Normal University Professor Mr. Ding Yihua the "Silk Road - Ancient
Eurasian Continental Bridge is the eastern end of Luoya ng" article, silk
products from Luoyang is a distribution center perspective, argues the eastern end of
the Silk Road Luoyang, the starting point. Where the history of the Kanto region of
Luoyang silkworm industry and the textile industry in spare seat in the Guanzhong
area of Chang'an, even in the Western Han Dynasty capital in Changan, the
large number of high quality of silk is the supply of the Kanto region. DING basis that
neither the Western Han Dynasty, or the Sui silk produced in the Guanzhong area both
small and large consumption Queshen, must rely on other parts of the supply to meet
the ruling class in case of need, and then You can be funded the remaining West
transport. Kanto Luoyang, in addition to the surrounding area are also important silk
producing, more importantly, Kanto silk of the most important distribution center.
Kanto silk produced over a large number of collection to Luoyang, and then shipped
west. Chang, just a lot of silk western Kanto shipped by station or transit point, and
Luoyang, the eastern end is the starting point of the Silk Road began.
   Second, the argument from a number of areas east of Luoyang is the starting point
of the Silk Road. If the political, economic, cultural and transportation center of the
formation and establishment of the Silk Road is the eastern starting point of indicating
the importance of standards, then many of these conditions constitute the internal
factors are beginning to lay the basis for the eastern end of the Silk Road.
1. Politics
Western Regions along the Silk Road (refer to general the West, the same below)
Asian countries with a capital of Luoyang, the relationship between the various
dynasties, first in politics, this is the Silk Road, a prerequisite for smooth and
prosperity. Comprehensive view of many experts, mainly from the following four
arguments: (1) feudal dynasties of the Central Asia of the policies were developed and
issued in Luoyang; (b) of the Western Regions along the Silk Road around the
military installations and regulatory agencies Luoyang ordered by the set; (c) open up
the Silk Road Luoyang are conducted by designated staff; (d) Luoyang envoys,
monks and Western envoys to the West, the monks of the East are to Luoyang as a
starting point and end point. That many experts have made in the article discussed in
   Feudal dynasty political relations with Western countries to maintain, often
protected by means of military relations. In response, Mr. Liu Handong Guangdong
Teachers College professor in the "Chinese Sui Dynasty between Luoyang
and" article pointed out that war is the continuation of politics, especially
in the northern nomadic tribes invaded the West under the threat of southward
invasion to Luoyang as the capital of Central China power military issues must be
considered in order to force and war, to maintain the smooth flow of the Silk Road.
   Starting point for the Silk Road Luoyang, divided by the Western countries with
good political relations, but also through the Maritime Silk Road and east of Japan has
a long history of relationships. Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Institute of
History Fellow Mr. Xia Yingyuan in the "Historical and Luoyang
Sino-Japanese exchanges," a text, using a large number of historical facts
on the history of Luoyang in the status of the Sino-Japanese relations were examined
in detail, pointing out that official contacts between Luoyang and Japan began in the
Eastern Han Dynasty, to the Wei and Western Jin, Japan sent envoys to three times
capital Luoyang. Sui, Japan sent envoys to the Sui four times, after which three of
Yang Tai Qianduluoyang later. Tang Tang's fifth removal so that, at least
three of the last to complete the mission of Luoyang.
2. Economy
   Luoyang external and political relations with the surrounding area to maintain the
premise of ensuring smooth flow of the Silk Road, which laid the eastern starting
point of the Silk Road Luoyang is the status of the economic base.
First, Luoyang and the surrounding areas of agriculture, handicraft industry,
commercial development for the eastern starting point of the Silk Road Luoyang as
the material foundation.
  ?Shandong University Professor Mr. Yang Aiguo in the "Handicraft Han
Luoyang - Luoyang, the Han Dynasty and the economic base as a starting point of the
Silk Road," an article for the handicraft and agricultural Luoyang Han
made specific description, that the prosperity of the developed as the capital of
Luoyang As a starting point of the Silk Road has laid a solid economic foundation. In
agriculture, handicraft economy, many authors focused on the closely related with the
silk industry and sericulture and silk industry in Luoyang, the development of the
surrounding area. Chinese Academy of Social Sciences researcher Mr. Meng Shikai
history of "businessmen Luo Economic Development," the
article pointed out, to mulberry silk industry, textile industry, represented by the
ancient Xia and Shang period in the vicinity of the well-developed in Luoyang.
Luoyang and the surrounding area between the Han and Tang was sericulture and silk
industry, one of the most developed regions. Zhuzhou Institute of Technology
professor Mr. Zhu Heping in the "in and around Luoya ng, Han and Tang
Sericulture and Silk Industry," a paper that in the Han and Tang Luoyang
and its surrounding area has been, the National Sericulture and silk industry has
continued to rise the development of the area, and a huge silk production, in addition
to meeting the region's consumption, there are a lot of silk surplus. This
situation where the relations with the Changan and have very different starting point
to Chang as a prerequisite for loss of the Silk Road, the Luoyang Chang'an
become the new Silk Road after the inevitable starting point.
  ?Han and Tang dynasty the importance of the silk industry and civil society on the
continuous improvement of silk and perfect tool to make silk variety, quality and
quantity has been greatly improved. Shandong Normal University, Professor Wu shine
in the "Han Dynasty Eastern Zhou Dynasty in Luoyang's
Foreign Trade" article, the statistics were published at the Luoyang Xu
Shen's "Origin of Chinese Characters," a book that in
order to name the silk fabric of 19 species Different colors were named by over 35
species. Ma Jun Wei at Luoyang, when the old loom pedal reduced from 38 to 48,
reducing the labor intensity and improve labor productivity, the Luoyang area of silk
production to a new level. To Northern Qiandouluoyang, the silk industry to develop
rapidly. Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Institute of History Fellow Mr. Liang
Mancang in the "Northern Wei Luoyang textile prod uction, use, and the
West" in an article that, in addition to the palace silk textile industry as a
form of government-run exists, there are a large number of Individual textile workers.
This outstanding performance during the development level of the textile industry in
three aspects: First, many kinds of textile products, namely, cloth, unadorned, ling, chi,
valine, Fairview, Luo, silk, color, the more, Ge, silk, thick waterproof silk dozens
species; Second, the large number of textile production, according to a rough estimate
of the relevant information, Luoyang area of not less than the minimum annual output
of 15,679 silk silk, this is only a reference number, the actual production than the
larger and more; Third, Luoyang area textile productio n levels, more than in the late
Northern Wei capital limits as the Southern (now Nanjing). Sui and Tang dynasties,
Luoyang Wei silk industry over again when they got a higher level. Zhu peace that
only from the Sui Dynasty in Luoyang and its surrounding areas when the silk as
much storage will be reflected in the extent of its silk industry. Luoyang Tang Dynasty
silk production are not only ranks first, but silk is also the country's most
advanced technology.
  ?Luoyang business boom directly to the silk products into commodities may be
provided, Henan Science and Technology Institute of China, Professor Mr. Xue Ruize
in the "Han and Tang Luoyang as the center of foreign trade,"
the article pointed out that the Han to Tang Dynasty, Luoyang as "the only
time The largest market "(Xiao-Tong" Chinese business history,
"p. 94, Shanghai Bookstore in January 1984 1st edition), commerce
developed, and other cities of comparable difficulty. The first of its commercial
development, together with the Han and Tang potential number of powerful countries
towards radiation force, its subsidiaries, is the Asian and European Merchants in the
country, have the domain he sold goods Luoyang market through various channels.
Luoyang is also the market for their purchase silk and other commodities, the main
place for trade. This is the silk as a commodity, an important way westward. In
addition, the beam position only in respect over the Northern Wei Dynasty, Luoyang
of silk to the West are the main ways: through Central Asia's messengers,
sent to the Northern Wei Dynasty envoys, exchange officials and monks and other
religious activities.
Second. Foreign activities flourished in the Tang period, so frequent in
Luoyang's foreign trade exception, which is led from the eastern end of the
Silk Road Luoyang became the most fundamental and most active factor.
  ?Foreign activities to promote prosperity in the Tang period is due to the political
and economic center of Luoyang status of the establishment, to make business very
active, quite well-developed commodity economy. Zhengzhou University Professor
Mr. Gao Min in "On the ancient history of Luoyang, the evolution of
foreign economic relations," a paper that such a situation, naturally attracts
a large number of foreign businessmen to come to Luoyang. Therefore, it will appear
as the business property outside the arrival of transport to Luoyang, as traders leave
the property on the distribution of Luoyang such a situation it Department.
  ?In the trace the origin of the foreign relations of Luoyang, Wuhan University
Professor Mr. Fang Yousheng of "second-generation Luoyang Xia and
Shang's foreign relations" article, the use of archaeological data
and literature, Xia and Shang culture and the surrounding culture demonstrated the
existence of close contacts relations. Luoyang, the Central Plains advanced
technology, culture, ritual funeral, burial system and so spread to surrounding areas,
surrounding areas are also to linen fabrics, jade, glazed pottery, seashells, metal
mineral resources such as input Luoyang. Western countries since the Chinese
government         to      Luoyang,       the     "contribution",
"dedication", ZHU Shao- hou analysis shows that the use of
specific historical essence is a contribution to the trade. Central Asia's
paternity child, posing as diplomats or business angel, with Central Asia's
native to Luoyang "dedication" in the reward obtained after the
Han dynasty Jin Bo, and then brought back to the Western Regions, delivered to West
Asia, Western Europe sales. Han's envoy or messenger businessmen
pretending, with silk and money, to the Western Regions of treasures in exchange for
Western Asian countries, and then brought back to Luoyang. Or pretending that a
Chinese envoy envoys trade between the merchants, the Oriental is the starting point
of Luoyang, which is the end of the West to Chinese Luoyang.
  ?For the foreign country and to the number of Luo, Liang Wei capital in Luoyang
Mancang statistics during the 72 countries in Western envoys were sent to 146 times,
which also lack a large number of bogus business messenger. Zhengzhou University
Professor Mr. Liu Mingshu in the "unearthed Xiyu Ren
epitaphs" article, lists the dead buried in Luoyang, Xi Yuren epitaph
number, reflecting the ancient Silk Road and through the angels and from Luoyang,
monks and merchants frequent activities. China Cultural Relics Research Institute
researcher Lin Mei village "on the Silk Road Luoyang, Han and Tang
Dynasties," the article, the synthesis of the ancient Silk Road on the
language of archaeological findings and historical East and West, that since the Han,
Sogdian, India, Persia and Rome in the business team continually came to Luoyang,
to foreign goods in exchange for Chinese silk. Mr. Xue Ruize specifically investigated
the activities of foreign investors in Luoyang, and they are engaged in commodity
trade, that between the Han and Tang Luoyang foreign activities in the region mainly
from Asia and Europe, such as Qin, Frank, Persia, Parthia, Tianzhu of Cochin and its
surrounding areas such as and today the Xinjiang area. They come mainly engaged in
Luoyang, jewelry, spices, Hu powder, horses, etc., of goods brought back by the
Luoyang mainly silk. Korea Line According to historical analysis that is foreign in the
Silk Road Luoyang, east to the destination, is the starting point of the Silk Road
westbound, foreign in this shop, then shipped back to the West. Because of the
frequent activities of foreign direct impact and further stimulate the sense of doing
business in the natives, so that on the Silk Road between the Han and Tang Dynasties
and foreign trade, showing a very active situation.
3. Culture
Luoyang, the eastern end of the Silk Road starting point is center of cultural exchange
between the Orient. Ding Yihua that, beginning with the output of Luoyang silk and
processes the contrary, the Western world's material and spiritual, was
introduced into China. If the process of Chinese history and cultural development of
the foreign culture had the greatest impact, it would be devaluation Buddhism.
Maritime History Museum Fellow Mr. Li Yukun in the "Silk Road
Luoyang Buddhism," the article pointed out that Buddhism came to China
along the Silk Road, the first that is introduced in Luoyang. China's first
temple, Buddhist translation, Salmonella, and the nuns were ordained in Luoyang.
Luoyang, China not only was the political, economic and cultural center, the center of
the international economic and cultural exchanges, but also the Spread of Buddhism
and Buddhist Translation Center. Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of
Social researcher Mr. Duan Pengqi in "Speaking from the Northern Wei
Northern Wei Luo Yang Cheng Tong Dynasty," the article pointed out that
with the unprecedented flourishing of Buddhism, Western Buddhism, architecture,
painting, music, dance, arts and culture a large number of transfer into our country,
and to learn from China's traditional culture, assimilation, cultural history
of ancient China as an important component. Chongqing Teachers College Professor
Mr. Kong Yi in the "Northern Wei Dynasty in Luoyang and the economic
and cultural exchanges," an article from the religious, acrobatics 100
drama, music dance, musical instruments, sculpture and painting and so on are
classified account, concluded that as a starting point in Luoyang, Journal of the
material and spiritual civilization along the Silk Road continued infiltration and
influence of Western countries and regions around the world for the Chinese and
Western medieval culture and economy has made a significant contribution to the
exchange. In addition to cultural exchange between the rich literature, but also left a
large number of historical sites. This Longmen Grottoes Research Institute Research
Associate Mr. Zhang Naizhu "On the history of cultural exchange between
China Luoyang and some archaeological information" article, there are
fully reflected. Zhang pointed out as early Kukan Longmen Grottoes decoration, was
subjected to Western cultural influence of ancient architectural art, which was highly
developed Chinese and Western cultures are closely linked. Mr. Han Guopan to Tang
Monk Xuanzang on the Silk Road back and forth on the facts to illustrate the Silk
Road Luoyang, the eastern end of the Tang Dynasty was one of the starting point or
4. Transport
Luoyang Home "world" being. Li Xueqin, a researcher at the
Chinese Academy of Social History in the "order" that, in
ancient Chinese thought inside, but the world into the area around Luoyang, Luoyang
term of the present, strictly speaking, it is the land of P Plus vergence is to the
morning, Kung Fu , transportation and commercial center. Henan University
Professor Mr. Tang Jiahong in "Luoyang" for the world
"" In an article on the "world" into the
concept was further elaborated that no matter the location or the role of social history,
Luoyang regions have been "Among the world."
Luoyang as "the world", it was more marked traffic. Ding Yihua
that Luoyang title home, "the world", it has been is the center of
the ancient land and water transportation network, better conditions than Chang
eastern end of the Silk Road starting point. In particular the opening of the Grand
Canal, this transportation hub to be fully reflected. Mr. Wang Yumin said Wei, Sui and
Tang dynasties, Luoyang is located in North and South due to the center of the Grand
Canal from the South to come to the merchants, since the north Entering Huai Jiangdu
by Sanyo ditch along the communication channel to achieve economies of Luoyang, a
maritime Silk Road end. Peking University Professor Mr. Chen Yan of
"Sui and Tang Dynasty and Japan's maritime traffic,"
the article also says that the opening of the Grand Canal is a land of Luoyang, the
center of the Silk Road at sea. It is the southeast coast of Hong Kong through
economic channels through the Grand Canal north and south end of the starting point,
but also through extensive drainage and then Chang and desert land along the Silk
Road (Oasis) way connected. Fudan University Professor Mr. Xu Lianda in
"with the Silk Road Luoyang during the Sui and the relationship between
the" article, by examining the Sui and Tang Luoyang radiation by the
Quartet, sea and land transport roads and Post in the setting, come to actually
communicate in Luoyang domestic and international surface transportation hub.
Luoyang to spread out by the Quartet, the various land and water routes, articles, all
with seven of the Silk Road through Shii link up, apart from the Sui and Tang capital
of Luoyang and the country's political, economic, cultural centers, it is also
the center of the national water and land transportation . Fudan University Professor
Mr. Wang Wenchu in the "Tang and Song dynasties to Xiangzhou Post
Road," an article that ranked moderate Luoyang land for land and water
transportation center, formed around the radiation to the Post Roads Transit, which the
south-hsiang important to the state post roads. On the textual detail of the setting
along the Posthouse and orientation, describing the exact road map that to Xiangzhou
Post Road in Luoyang, is a major north-south lines of communication for the
promotion and development of North-South linkages play an important role.
  The starting point of the Silk Road Luoyang line inspection, WANG Yu- min period
of the Silk Road in history to run routes and changes, and these changes caused by
natural conditions and social and political factors. Documented history of omissions
inaccuracies, and the Silk Road Chinese and foreign historians discuss the works of
various side error occurs supplemented and revised. Mr. Zhu Shaohou use of a large
number of historical records show that beginning from the Eastern Han Dynasty, Li
Wei, Western Jin, Northern Wei and other North Korea, when people on the Silk Road
in the calculation of mileage when Western countries, is to Luoyang as a starting point,
where the Silk Road from the eastern end of an important symbol. Moreover, the
starting point of the Silk Road Luoyang, also in people's customs on the
Silk Road, geographical knowledge more open than the Western Han Dynasty. Han
not only to the Persian Gulf, and that there is land just steps away from the rest Daqin.
To Northern Qiandouluoyang, people leading to Central Asia, Western Europe, the
Silk Road route with a new understanding, such as the Qin Empire (Roman) west of
the understanding of the situation over the previous generation.

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